Newspaper Page Text
"Bellefonte, Pa., August 1, 1919.
ROOTS OF GRASS AS FOOD:
WHAT HOWARD HEINZ
FOUND IN ARMENIA.
Howard Heinz, who, since his la-
bors as the Pennsylvania State Food
Administrator ceased, has been head
of the American Relief Administra-
tion’s mission in Constantinople, is
now in Paris with Mrs. Heinz, prepar-
atory to returning to America within
the next two weeks.
While in Paris Mr. Heinz gave out
the following report on conditions in
the Caucasus, where he made an ex-
tensive survey the latter part of
April of the food conditions for Mr.
“The starvation and misery which
I witnessed in this region beggar all
description,” said Mr. Heinz. “The
people were literally dying from lack
of food and from disease caused by
malnutrition. There were 500,000
refugees who were in need of food
and of these, the estimate that 200,-
000 to 250,000 were at the starvation
point was a reasonable one. I obtain-
ed my figures from the British, who
were in occupancy in this territory,
from members of the Near East com-
mittee, and from the Armenians
“The lack of food among the Ar-
menians was so serious that the wom-
en actually went into the fields and
obtained grass roots, which they
cooked into a kind of broth and serv-
ed as boiled greens, occasionally get-
ting a bit of rice to mix with it. This
constituted the principal diet of
many. The little children naturally
got the worst of this situation because
they could not eat such material, and
it was among the children that the
death rate was the highest.
“Jt was difficult to make compari-
sons as to the degree of destitution
and distress in different districts or
towns, but I think the worst situation
that came to my knowledge was In
Igdir, where there was a larger pro-
portion of sickness and a higher death
rate than either Erivan or Alezan-
“Regarding reports of cannibalism,
which have come out of this district
from time to time, I have been forced
against my will to believe these re-
ports to be true. a ;
“Typhus has been epidemic during
the winter and had taken away thous-
ands, but with the moderation of the
weather it decreased. Cholera ‘was
making its appearance, however, and
the outlook was threatenting.
“Very few crops had been planted
in the district, partly because of the
lack of agricultural implements, but
mainly because of lack of seed. Ar-
menia is both a winter and spring
wheat country, some of the land ly-
ing high and some low. Some seed
had recently been obtained from the
British and there will be a harvest if |
the weather conditions permit, but it |
will be very far below normal, I fear, |
and entirely inadequate to the needs
of the country. '
“Unquestionably most cf these peo- |
ple have to be fed for another year.
Many of them, as you doubtless un- |
derstood, are refugees from Turkey |
and these all desire to get back to
their homes and till the land they
have left; but when they get back I |
am sure, from what i kaow of condi- |
tions, that they will find very little. |
The Turk has despoiled everything: |
and they will have nothing on which
to commence, neither houses, furnish- |
ings, nor tools and implements.” |
Since Mr. Heinz made this survey !
of conditions in the Caucasus they !
have been very much improved by the |
food that the American Relief Admin-
istration has sent to the suffering
people there. The American Relief |
Administration withdrew its helping
hand on June 30, however, and from
now on the entire relief of this region |
is in the hands of the Far East com-
Mr. Heinz’s work as head of the
American Relief Mission in the Bal- |
kans has been noteworthy. Braving
pestilence, insanitary conditions, and
many minor inconveniences and hard-
ships of traveling, due to the chaos in
which the war left this region, he
made an extensive survey of the ter-
ritory in order to estimate for Mr.
Hoover the requirements of the peo-
ple for relief, and in order, also, to
open up channels of communication
with the outside world so that the re-
lief supplies of the American Relief
Administration could be poured into
the places where the need was the
Army Will Sell Its Excess Horseshoes.
Washington.—The War Department
may be unwilling to aid the Ameri-
can housewife in her fight with the
cost of food by placing on the market
its 400,000,000 cans of vegetables,
$100,000,000 worth of canned meats
and its millions of pounds of sugar,
all of which have been declared sur-
plus supplies, but it showed a few
days ago that it is ready to co-ope-
rate in other respects to bring down
the cost of living.
The director of sales in the depart-
ment’s surplus property division an-
nounced that he is offering for sale
approximately 1,099,500 pounds of
horse shoes "and 894,000 pounds of
No mention was made in the an-
nouncement of any agreements with
horse and mule shoe producers who
might be fearful of such action
“preaking the market,” as was the
case with the canners and packers.
Insects Force Pork Up.
According to tests made by the
United States Department of Agricui-
ture at Beltsville, Md., reports of
which have been received at Univer-
sity farm, lice add a cent a pound to
the cost of pork production. Two lots
of hogs of ten each as nearly equal as
to the quality of the animals as possi-
ble were used in the tests. The two
lots were managed and fed in the
same way except that one lot was
treated for the prevention of lice. In
the other the lice were allowed to
have their way. At the end of the
fattening period it was found that the
hogs infested with lice cost a cent a
pound more to fatten than those
which were not.
I EE EE RRA
VILLAGE INNS IN JAPAN.
With the advent of the “modern ho-
tel” in Japan the old inns, or rest-
houses, have been to a large extent
relegated to obscurity, but some still
survive in parts where European trav-
elers seldom penetrate. The kind of
welcome accorded to visitors in one of
the village inns is very far removed
from western ideas of hospitality.
Here is the interesting experience of
a traveler as related in “The Caterer
and Housekeepers’ Gazette:”
“As soon as I arrived I was con-
ducted by the polite hostess into the
chief guestroom, which looked out up-
on the cool orchard of a temple.
“Cushions were brought in, and
bright-kimonas. I took off my dusty
English clothes, and put on first the
lower kimona, made of cotton, and
then the gaudy silk one, bright with
the colors of the hotel, which its
guests display during their stay as
openly as an English cricketer his
“The room, like all Japanese rooms,
was bare except for a single decora-
tion. There is always a special cor-
ner for the room’s ornament, which is
sometimes a vase of flowers, some-
times a piece of china, sometimes |
simply a painting upon silk or a wood-
cut. The subjects are not seldom !
such as bring a blush to the European |
cheek, but they have no such effect on
the Japanese, who seem more con-
cerned with the arrangement than the
subject of the ornaments. There are
strict rules for decoration; it is laid |
down, for example, that flowers of
different colors should not be mixed
in one vase. |
“At length, because I was famish- |
ing, a low table and a brazier were
brought in and set in front of me and
my cushions. :
“Every time I thought I had finish-
ed, the hostess or one of the maids
would trip in with another tray- of
dishes and put them before me on the
table. Had I not been able to use
chopsticks before, I should certainly
have become expert by the end of that
“A little while after the meal—for
it did end at last—I was told that the
bath was ready. I was taken to the
open courtyard and introduced to the
“Two huge barrels were sunk in the
earth, one filled with hot, the other
with cold water. There was a thin
screen on two sides—not against pry-
ing eyes, but simply to keep off the
wind. Indeed, as I began to take off
my kimonas an interested audience of
both sexes turned to watch me. This
was unpleasant, and I did my best to
dodge their gaze behind the screen.
“I might have saved myself the
trouble. A moment later, in reply to
the calls of the innkeeper and his
wife, their daughter came up hastily
to bathe me, as her duty was. She
was not in the least embarrassed—
and I soon had other things to worry
me, for when, at the young lady’s di-
rection, I let myself down into the hot
tub I discovered that, in the usual
Japanese fashion, the heat of the wa-
ter in it was not less than 115 degrees
“Up to my neck in that hot bath I
suffered exquisite torture, which turn-
on the still hotter kettle lying on the
bottom of the tub. The inkeeper’s
daughter pulled me out, red as a lob-
ster and very nearly boiled. She
dropped me, more dead than alive, in-
to the cold tub, pulled me out again,
and dried me.
“Then she bowed politely, and left
me to return to my room.”
Flowers of ‘the States.
Nearly all of the States have
adopted an official flower says the
American Forestry Association of
Washington, D. C., and in those that
have not the question is up for discus-
sion. The flowers by States follow:
Arizona, Giant Cactus.
Arkansas, Apple Blossom.
California, Golden Poppy.
Colorado, Blue Columbine.
Connecticut, Mountain Laurel.
Delaware, Peach Blossom.
Florida, Orange Blossom.
Georgia, Cherokee Rose.
Iowa, Wild Rose.
Kansas, Sun Flower.
Kentucky, Trumpet Vine.
Maine, Pine Cone and Tassel.
Michigan, Apple Blossom.
Montana, Bitter Root.
Nevada, Sage Brush.
New Mexico, Cactus.
New York, Rose.
North Carolina, Daisy.
North Dakota, Wild Prairie Rose.
Ohio, Scarlet Carnation.
Oregon, Oregon Grape.
Rhode Island, Violet.
South Dakota, Pasque Flower.
Texas, Blue Bonnet.
Utah, Sego Lily.
Wyoming, Indian Paint Brush.
West Virginia, Indian Paint Brush.
——They are all good enough, but
the “Watchman” is always the best.
Sorry She Missed It.
A young woman on being introduc-
ed to Sir Robert Ball, expressed her
regret that she had missed his lecture
the evening before.
“Qh, I don’t think it would have in-
terested you,” said Sir Robert; “it
was all about sun spots.”
“Was it really ?” she replied. “Then
it would have greatly interested me,
for betwwen you and me, Sir Robert,
I have been a martyr to freckles all
a jelly to “jel
Thousands of womea are finding the ideal preserving
syrup is a blend of 3 Karo (Red Label) with 4 sugar—
instead of all sugar. Preserving done this way is always
uniform—jelly that really “jells”—jam that is neither
I. © Ox ahs ZS fa
= YVR LL)
disappointed with your
Even the best recipe can’t make allowances for the
way sugar will harden into candy—or for the failure of
too syrupy nor too thick.
It gives you preserves with the natural fresh fruit flavor.
This fine, clear Karo Syrup has a natural affinity for
the juices of the fruit. It blends the fruit with the sugar—
makes your syrup rich and heavy, and holds jams and jellies
firm and mellow, with not the slightest tendency to “candy”
in the glass.
For Cooking, Baking and Candy Making Karo (Red
Label) is used in millions of homes. In all cooking and
baking recipes use Karo instead of sugar. It is sweet, of
delicate flavor, and brings out the natural flavor of the food.
& , LC LC
a lll i — —————— a —
Homebound Exodus to Take 40,000
Pittsburgh.—Forty thousand for-
eigners, drawn from the iron, steel,
coal and glass industries of the Pitts-
' burgh district, have made application | I
ed to complete agony when I stepped!
for accommodations on steamers sail-
ing for Europe. Of these fully 10,000
will leave the Beaver Valley district,
where many thousands of foreigners
are emplayed in the big steel works
at Midland, Woodlawn, Ambridge and
the industrial concerns in Beaver,
Rochester and other Ohio river towns. |:
Approximately 30,000 from the Mo-
nongahela Valley, the Allegheny Val-
ley and the Youghiogheny Valley dis-
tricts are seeking passports and
transportation to their native lands
on the Continent. The major portion
of these immigrants are Italians, Aus-
trians, Hungarians, Poles, Jugo-Slavs,
Zecho-Slovaks and Rumanians.
From the coal mining districts
comes the incessant wail for miners;
the coke regions about Uniontown
and Connellsville are daily calling on
the big labor bureaus here for men;
Monongahela, Charleroi, McKeesport
and other big manufacturing towns in
the Monongahela Valley are scouring
the district for help; in fact, the
clamor has become so great that
many of the largest manufacturing
concerns here have sent agents into
other sections of the country in an ef-
fort to round up men.
Added to the man-power problem
is the gradually increasing demand
for steel, iron, coal, glass and prod-
ucts peculiar to the Pittsburgh dis-
trict and there is no attempt among
the large industrial concerns to hide
the fact that they soon will be push-
ed to their limit to care for the orders
on hand without thought of any that
may come to this district in the near
As a matter of fact, few big man-
ufacturing concerns know just how
long they will be able to find sufficient
labor. With the present exodus grad-
ually gaining impetus, many of the
largest concerns may find it impossi-
ble to operate within the next sixty
days. Few if any of the thousands of
foreigners going to Europe are will-
ing to say when they will return to
the United States.
“FALL SUITS $80.”
Mills Three Months Behind, Says
Cincinnati.—“Owing to the scarcity
of woolens, lack of skilled tailors,
short hours on which mills and tailors
are working, the prices of clothing
will be the highest the world ever has
known next year,” is the prediction
made by Harry Smith, local tailor.
“Mills now are three months be-
hind on samples for the coming year.
Even in London the price of a suit
will be $75 this fall, and Eastern tail-
ors estimate that they will be forced
to charge between $80 and $100 for
Easy to follow. The Corn Produ
CORN PRODUCTS REFINING CO.
NATIONAL STARCH CO., Sales Representative
135 South Second Street
Use % Karo
illustrated—and it's free.
A book of sixty-eight pages that gives you the
best recipes for sure results in preserving.
cts Cook Book is hand-
Write us today for it.
P. O. Box 161, New York City
E— —p gi
HE almanacs advise that summer will
be over September 21st. Think of
it! Over two solid months of hot
Take our advice, approved by sensible
men—let us fit you out with our hot
weather clothes. Why endure discomfort
.when at exceptionally low prices you may
be both coolly and eonomically clad in any
one of our wide assortment of
Made by Strouse & Brothers, Inc., Baltimore, Md.
for hot weather wear?
Banish those ideas of ill-fitting makeshifts.
Light as these clothes are, their unusual
tailoring gives them the lasting quality of
style peculiar to heavier clothes. Eman-
cipate yourself today!
A RL LTR SRERERL
ws Allegheny St., BELLEFONTE, PA.
The institution with which you main-
tain banking relations can be of service to
you in many ways.
The Centre County Banking Co.
does not consider that its service to its pa-
trons ceases with the safeguarding of their
funds. It keeps in personal touch with all
of them in such a way as ‘to be of assistance
very often when other matters develop
affecting their interest.
It Invites You to Take Advantage
of Its Unusual Service.
WILL DO ALL YOUR HAULING
3-4 Ton for Light Hauling
Big Truck for Heavy Loads
“Greatest Distance for Least Cost”
GEORGE A. BEEZER,
BELLEFONTE, PA. 61-30 DISTRIBUTOR.
PAAAAAARAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAANT ANNAN NAAN