Newspaper Page Text
BY P. GRAY MEEK.
—To Congress and Senate—Git to-
— Wednesday —— Seven thousand
was the bail, that released DEBs from
—Senator HiLL defending CLEVE-
LAND sounds more like sarcasm than
—The man who is brave enough to
acknowledge a wrong, unwittingly
makes the world his friend.
—T¢t is a great pity HILL had not act-
ed straight up till Tuesday, for then he
could possibly get some credit for his
—China and Japan are really going
to fight. There will be plenty of op-
portunity to gather a good crop of pig-
tails after the butchering.
— WALTER WELLMAN, the would be
Arctic explorer, is back already for re-
pairs. The ice-bergs kind 'o cooled his
ardor for finding the north pole.
—The straight forward man is the
one who will beget public confidence,
while the oily tongued slick one is
known to be dishonest before he utters
a dozen words.
—The Senate returned the WiLson
bill to the House Wednesday without
instructions. There was no use in in-
structions to the Congressmen. They are
Democrats and know their duty.
—The Vigilant has at last won a race
in British water. It took twelve at-
tempts to accomplish the feat and now
that it is done, the Yankee sailors can
take some consolation to themselves.
—There is every indication that the
c artilaginous pads between GROVER
CLEVELAND'S spinal vertebrae are very
much ossified. We always thought he
had plenty of backbone, but it
took the WiLsoN letter to finally fix its
—The idea of HiLL talking #bout the
redemption of party pledges seems par-
ticularly ridiculous in view of his an-
tagonism to the WiLsoN bill. After
having been unable to induce others to
follow in his demagoguery he presumes
to tell them their duty to their party.
—It is a question in the minds of
those who have been giving the trouble
in Congress any consideration whether
it would not be a good plan to find a
Democratic QuAy somewhere. With
all the faults of boesism, if the Demo-
crats were not every one trying to be
bosses themselves, the dictation of one
man would be a God-send to the party
at the present time.
—The announcement of Monsignor
SATOLLI, the papal delegate, that no
person who sells intoxicating liquors
can have good standing in the Catholic
church, has aroused much interest as to
the extent to which the edict will be
carried out. Though the Catholic
church boasts one of the strongest tem-
perance organizations in the world, this
is the first movement made by the
church body in the direction of restrict-
ing the habits of its entire membership.
—“No matter at what sacrifice of
State interests the paramount duty of
every Democrat was to keep the party
in power’—This extract from Senator
GoRMAN'S bitter speech 1n the Senate,
on Tuesday, is decidedly ambiguous.
Two conclusions can be drawn with
equal ease. First, that he acknowledges
himself no longer a Democrat ; second,
that he intends sacrificing everything
for the success of the party in the Fall.
‘We will hope that the latter was what
he meant, but if so why such a bitter
and unwarranted attaek on the presi-
—The Arkansas Populists are going
to run their next campaign with the
motto ‘keep off the grass.”” This is
certainly a new use for the old familiar
sign that greeted CoxEy and his horde
in the capitol park, and for the non
obeying of which he was jailed, and
though it may seem a ridiculous cam-
paign cry there is more in it than one
thinks. The originator of the idea
must certainly be a Populist economist,
for there can be no doubt that he in-
tended the ‘keep of the grass’’ banners
to do duty as tombstones for his party’s
grave after the election.
—The recent ezpose that has shown
up sheriff N1icHoLAS, of Bucks county,
in such a bad light recalls a little story
they tell on old sheriff MUSSER, who,
in years gone by, had charge of Centre
county’s law breakers. Prison dis-
cipline was unknown then and possibly
prisoners were not as bad as they are
now-a-days, for sheriff Musser used to
let them out to go down town in the
evening and if they did not get back to
the jail by nine o'clock the good old
man would make a big fuss. So one
night one of the prisoners was a little
later in returning than usual, and he
found the door locked. He pounded
away until the sheriff’s head was poked
out of a second floor window and then
to his: “Let me in!’ the sheriff shouted
back “You yus stay out, 'D’you ’spect
me to stay up half the night a waitin
on you.” The prisoner slept in the
doorway until morning.
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
~ VOL. 39.
BELLEFONTE, PA., JULY 27, 1894.
The President's Letter to Chairman
The President's letter to chairman
WiLsoN, in which he condemns the at-
tempt that has been made in the Sen-
ate to cripple the tarift reform de.
manded by the Dem ocratic party and
needed for the public welfare, was a
timely and manly utterance in behalf
of a principle to which the party is
pledged. Coming so close upon the
action he took for the enforcement of
the law and order as against riotous
and lawless demonstrations, it gives
the country additional assurance that
it has a chief magistrate whose fidel-
ity to the obligation of his trust is
equalled by the courage with which
he does his duty,
The President shares with his party
the indignation with: which it sees
some half dozen huckstering Senators,
who wear the Democratic livery, en-
deaving to wreck the tariff bill from
motives basely selfish and desperately
reckless. Whether some of them are
moved by a personal grudge, and others
seek to secure a personal advantage by
their course, the intention in either
case involves a shameful betrayal of
the party. Never before was there
such an affront offered to a great or-
ganization, in its being virtually noti-
fied that a measure which it has prom-
ised the people and which has been
approved, almost unanimously by its
Representatives in the popular branch
of Congress, must be changed to suit a
few senatorial jobbers, or no tariff bill
shall be passed at all.
When a great party is thus defied
and outraged it is eminently becoming
in the President to express himself in
terms that may give encouragement to
the faithful Representatives who by
their previous action on this great
measure responded to the Democratic
demand for tariff reform, but who find
their action ignored and balked by a
small faction ot self-seeking conspira-
tors in the Senate.
What will be the final effect of the
President’s letter remams to be seen.
There was abundant reason for his
protesting against the sacrifice of the
principle of free raw materials, which
is the very corner stone of Democratic
tariff reform, and which would be sac-
rificed by the action of the half dozea
political Iscariots who, although in-
significant in numbers, are numerous
enough to compel a closely tied Sen-
ate to violate this most important
Democratic pledge. The President's
movement in this matter is right in its
object, and he having made it at the
very crisis of this great issue, it is to
be seen whether under his guidance
the Democratic party shall succeed in
having the tariff bill which it wants
and which it has promised or whether
it shall have to suffer the humiliation
of being compelled to yield to a few
senatorial renegades who have been
buckstering with the moaopolies.
‘Why The Delay ?
At last a very just thing has been
dove by Congress in the admission of
Utah as a sovereign State. For a long
while she was kept out of the union
by the Republicans on account of
hypocritical objections to the religion
of some of her people, while Territories
with far less qualification for statehood
were admitted, because they would send
Republican Senators and Representa-
tives to Congress.
Utah will come in with a larger pop-
ulation and greater material develop-
ment than have belonged to most oft
the newly admitted States, and there-
fore it is hard to see the occasion for the
perquisites atlached to her admission
which postpone her entrance into the
sisterhood of States until December
The question why she is not allowed
to come in immediately upon the forma-
tion of her State government is entire-
ly pertinent when it is considered that
there was no such delay in rushing
Republican “rotten borough’ states in- |
to the union. :
——When the rich bondholders
pay their share of the government ex-
penses, lightening to that extent the
tariff burden upon the wage-earners
there will be more justice in our na-
tional system of taxation, The legis-
lation that relieves the largest and
poorest class is a kind of class legisla-
tion that is to be commended,
Justice to the People Demands an In-
No railroad corporation that claimed
or is now claiming the protection of
the federal government under the
Inter-State Commerce act, during the
trouble growing out of ‘the PuLLMaN
strike, pays a single penny to the gov"
ernment in the shape of taxation, A
few of them pay a moiety of taxes, on
capital stock, net income, or gross
earnings to th states from which they
secured their franchises, but not a
penny on either investment, earnings
or privileges goes into the federal
treasury to assist in bearing the ex-
penses of the general government.
To protect the combination of capi-
tal, invested by these corporations
at Chicago, has cost the government
during the past four weeks alone, over
$1,000,000. At other points where
troops have been ordered out or the
federal courts compelled to furnish
deputies and protection it is safe to es
timate that the expense has not been
less than another million.
So we have two millions of expendi-
ture in four weeks to protect corporate
interests that pay no federal taxes
whatever, and yet we hear people and
Republican newspapers complain that
an effort is being made by a Democrat-
ic Congress to pass an income tax bill,
that will require these corporations to
pay to the government a tax based on
their net earnings. Is there any good
reason why they should not be requir-
ed to do eo ?
Individuals and individual capital is
not exempt from federal taxation.
Why should corporate capital be ?
During the past year the people of
the United States paid as federal
taxes on the woolen clothes they wore
and the woolen goods they used, $35,
000,000 ; on their cotton goods they
paid $28,000,000 more ; on the earth-
ern ware they used they paid an addi.
tional $17,000,000, and on their glass-
ware they were taxed $10,000,000. On
everything they wear on everything
they use} no matter how poor the in-
dividual needing it, the government
imposes and collects a tax, and that
tax goes into the federal treasury to
be paid out as expenditures for protect-
ing the property of corporations that
pay no federal taxes whatever.
It is to remedy this wrong to make
wealth, whether incorporated or indivi-
dual, pay its share of the expense of
protecting it, that an income tax is
It is to secure this end that a Demo-
cratic Congress is now laboring, and
against it that Republican efforts are
Let the individual voter and tax-pay-
er say which is right.
——The sugar trust investigations
in the Senate should go on and be
pushed to the farthest point of expos-
ure possible. The renegades who have
been trifling with the honor and repu-
tation of the Democratic party for per-
sonal ends should be smoked out of the
seclusion of the caucus and committee
room, where they have been doing
their selfish and treacherous work in
secret. Let them be driven from their
hiding place,so that the people may
see them with the sugar trust mark
upon them. There should be no let
up to the investigation.
Already Showing Its Effect.
The few weeks that have elapsed
since the meeting of the Democratic
State convention have afforded suffi-
cient time to prove that the convention
acted wisely in its selection of candi-
dates and in the expressions of the
platform. From every part of the
State is heard the voice of a united
Democracy. The ticket meets with
the entire approval of the party, and
the principles embodied in the declara-
tion of the convention incites a deter-
mination to stand by them, and, if pos-
sible, to win with them. The plat-
form completely covers the ground of
Democratic contention for good gov-
ernment, honest administration, and
equitable tax laws. Both the ticket
and the plattorm are of a character to
unite the party and bring out its full-
——The question now is whether
HAaveMEYER, the head of the sugar
trust, is a bigger man than the Presi-
dent? Some United States Senators
seem to think that he is.
Violence in Labor Strikes.
It is an accepted theory that a great
labor strike cannot be carried out in
this country without violence ; this is
not merely theory, but it is the actual
practice, for there is not a movement
of this kind in the United States that
is not accompanied with more or less
violent disturbance. This fact is rec-
ognized by a federal judge upon the
bench, Judge BARKER, in hearing a
case at Indianapolis, growing out of
the recent strike, said: “Every one
that has any sense atall knows that a
strike would not amount to anything
unless they follow it out by violence.”
This unfortunately seems to be the
case in this country, but it is not so in
England. The greatest mining strike
that ever occurred, involving more
than a hundred thousand men, came
off in that country within the last
year, lasting many months, aud there
was no violence, no disturbance of the
peace and no destruction of life and
property. And more than this, it suc-
ceeded in its object.
This makes an unfavorable compar-
ison with movements of the same kind
in the United States. Why is it that
here they are almost invariably turbu
lent and destructive ? Are the Amer
ican people growing to be lawless and
unruly? Isthe arm of the law, be-
coming weaker and is the mob growing
more formidable in the exertion of its
authority? It would seem so from
the riotous character of labor strikes,
the frequency with which lynch law
takes its victims out of the hands of
the courts and inflicts its irregular aad
lawless punishment. Our free institu-
tions should produce better fruit than
In a country like ours, with its di-
versified interests, its independence of
thought and action and its almost un-
restricted suffrage, there is no telling
what ideas may become popular or
what partisan combination and views
Suppose that in 1900 a PENNOYER,
or TILLMAN, a PEFFER, a WAITE or a
like crank should succeed to the presi-
dency of the United States; how
many of us, who are now commending
President CLEVELAND 80 earnestly,
for his prompt compliance with the
act of Congress authorizing the calling
out of federal troops, “when in the
opinion of the chief executive it may
be deemed necessary’ but would feel
safer, if such authority did not exist or
such a precedent had never been
We are not raising this supposition
as a criticism, of an act that was clear-
ly in accordance with law, and so uni-
versally and heartily approved of as
was President CLEVELAND'S course—
we are only wondering how long it may
be until the authority we recognize
and invoke now, and the precedent the
public so heartily approves of, may re-
turn to plague us?
——The PuLLMAN car company, al.
though it, claimed to be doing such
poor business as not to be able to pay
its employes living wages, managed last
week to declare a quarterly dividend
of 2 per cent, a rate equal to 8 per
cent. a year. This does not indicate
that the order for cars had fallen off a
great deal, which was given as an ex-
cuse for cutting the pay of the work-
men, A corporation that is making 8
per cent dividends ought not to be com-
pelled by hard times to gouge their
employes in their wages. But it is
evident that however poorly the men
may fare, the PuLLMAN company is
careful to maintain its own profits. Its
policy, however, may be to make its
profits at the expense of its men,
——Now would be a favorable time
for Messrs. Coxey and DEss to con-
sider where they are at. Some months
ago Coxey filled the columns of all the
newspapers. The public journals
seemed to be printed for no other pur-
pose than to announce the movements
of General Coxey’sarmy. Then came
Des who a few weeks ago was the
most celebrated man in this country.
It seemed to depend upon him whether
there should be any more work done
in the United States or not. Yet not-
withstanding all thie celebrity Coxey
but recently got out of jail and DEBs is
behind the bars. They ought to now
know where they are at, and their cases
should serve as object lessons to those
who seek for sudden fame by tumultu-
In a State of Disintegration.
From the Phila. Evening Telegraph.
What is left of the alleged Republi-
can party in Arkansas is engaged in
pulling itself together to-day at Little
Rock. Tt is suggestively stated that the
colored delegates to the State Conven-
tion outnumber the white ten to one.
This shows what has happened since the
rise of Populism in that section. The
notorious Powell Clayton and a hand-
ful of similarly unworthy white leaders,
all actuated by selfish motives, continue
to try to control the ignorant freedmen.
Clayton insists on a straight ticket, and
virtuously denounces the ‘proposed al-
liance with the People’s party. The
real fact is, the long-repudiated carpet-
bagger very well knows that he is not
wanted in the new organization, even in
the tin-cup squad. The fight in Arkan-
sas will be between the Populists and
Bourbon Democrats, the same as in
Alabama. South Carolina, Georgia, and
other Southern states. The Republican
party throughout that section has prac-
tically ceased to exist, thanks largely to
such leadership as has disgraced it in
Yes, Come Over On Our Dung Hill.
From the New York Sun.
We cordially offer to British yachts-
men, without distinction of class, our
own American waters for yacht racing.
Their own seem to be too ridiculously
becalmed and cranky for use. Off New
York, Newport, cr Marblehead we have
waters fit for any sailorman’s boat other
than a catboat, and we can safely guar-
antee a wind that will give a fair race
about three times as often as seems pos-
sible on the coasts of Great Britain and
Ireland. If they prefer to test their
boats by their respective crews’ abilities
in sail setting and general box-hauling,
we will provide them with rigging set
up ashore or sew mark buoys in the
ocean so close that they will have two
rounds to the mile, or enough to wear
out their rudder heads. Hurrah for
A Tribute to Southern Loyalty.
From the Mercer Western Press.
The patriotic attitude of the South-
ern people is one of the most gratifying
incidents of the strike trouble. It was
the resolution offered by Senator Daniel,
ot Virginia, and eloquently supported
by Senator Gordon, of Georgia, which
pledged the support of every depart.
ment of Government to the administra-
tion in its policy of maintaining the
supremacy of the law, by arms if nec-
essary. The press of the south is sub-
stantially a unit on the same side. And
public meetings of ex-Confederates in
many towns have proffered assistarce ;
if needed, in putting down the insur-
rection, Even Hoar and Chandler
ought to be ashamed to impeach the
loyalty of the South after this.
The McKinley Interest in the Sugar
From the Pittsburg Post.
A Washington dispatch says the su-
gar bounties paid out this year amount
to $12,750,000, and the bounties on the
year’s crop have not all been paid.
This is the little bribe McKinley offered
the sugar growers of the country, and,
with the $23,000,000 subsidy to the
sugar trust by half a cent a pound tax,
accounts for all the corruptions, scan-
dals and legislative demoralization of
the year. Nothing quite so bad figures
in the history of American politics and
legislation whereby legislation was pros-
tituted to the enrichment of the few at
the expense of the many. Charge it all
up to the McKinley tariff. It com-
menced the miserable business.
Protection a Fake After All.
From the Clarion Democrat.
Just at the present time there is a
flood of immigrants leaving this coun-
try to return to Europe. Many of these
—particularly the English, Scotch,
Irish and Belgian—give as the reason
for their return that they can make as
good a living over there as here. They
propose to work in the English mines
where they actually receive higher
wages than have been receiving in the
United States. This completely over-
turns the protectionist theory. The
duty of 75 cents a ton on bituminous
coal is ostensibly for the protection of
American labor, but the laborers get
none of it ; it simply goes to swell the
profits of the big operators.
Indeed It Isn't.
From the Fulton, Mo., Telegraph.
You find some funny things in news-
papers now-a-days. Here are a few of
the anatomical expressions that are the
most common: “He was shot in the
bay wiadow.”” “She whipped him upon
his return.” “Her many friends rejoice
to see her back.” “He kissed her pas-
sionately upon her appearance.” “She
fainted upon his departure.” ‘He was
injured in the fracas.” “He clung to
her weeping.” “They gossip upon his
downfall”? “He was shot in the sub-
urbs,” Is it any wonder that our lan-
guage staggers the foreigner?
The Aglitators Looking to the Future.
From the Doylestown Demoerat.
Debs and his fellows, who have al.
ready done great damage to the cause
of labor, have now a colossal scheme on
foot for 1895. This is nothing less than
gurated by holding a convention in Chi-
cago in January next. All workmen
are to be admitted in this new conspira-
cy except railroad employees. But
there are several big ifs in the way.
an universal strike in 1895, to be inau-
Spawls from the Keystone,
—Towanda was on the verge of awater
—Stage Driver Jacob 8, Frederick hang®
ed himself at Boyertown.
—Many Pittsburg landlords complain of
inability to collect rents.
—Lancaster county has 22,69) men sub.
ject to State military duty.
—Canton is organizing a military com.
pany to join the National Guard.
—Telegraph companies are forced to
pay a tax of 50 cents a pole in Lancaster.
—James Brown fatally stabbed John
Rujanish in a fight with knives at Pitts-
—The collieries of the Upper Schuylkill
coal region are threatened with a water
—Southern lynching was discussed ata
convention of colored men in Pittsburg
—E. K. Myers, of Harrisburg, has been
awarded the contract to print the Legisla«
—Thieves entered the house of William
Moyer, at Schuykill Haven, and secured a,
large sum of money.
—There is a man in Snyder county who
is45 years old and was never ina church
until Sunday, June 28,
—Braddock’s new Carnegie Club house:
erected at a cost of $250,000, will be dedica.-
ted early in September.
—The midnight closing of all saloons is
to be strictly enforced at York, since a
man was shot in a bar room.
—Pittsburg tin workers say a great deal
of Welsh tin isin waiting to flood this
country under the new Tariff bill.
—An unknown Hungarian was found
dead on the Reading Railroad tracks
near Mahanoy City Tuesday morning.
—The Luzerne borough post office burg.
lars,one of whom was wounded while
escaping, have managed to escape sdetec-
—Mrs. Lavinia Fleckenstein’s}body was
found in a mill race at New Tripoli,
Berks County, where she had drowned
—There’s a movement at Harrisburg to
secure a State law which will require
vocal music to be taught in all public
—~Postmaster Cole, of Pottsville has re.
ceived orders to increase his letter car.
rier force by one, making the whole force
~Five members of Mrs. Richards’ fam.
ily were mysteriously poisoned by pork
chops which they ate, at Scranton. All
—An axle broke and wrecked 13 empty
box cars on the Lehigh Valley Railroad
at Wellington. Three boys stealing a
ride, were hurt.
—8ix-year-old David Wilson accidently
shot with a gun and killed Nettie Lee,
colored, of the same age, at Redtowns
—Regimental and brigade target
matches of the National Guard will be
shot off at Mt. Gretna during the week be"
ginning on August 27.
—President Cleveland and Cabinet are
expected to review the Pennsylvania
National Guard during next month's en.
campment near Gettysburg.
—The Standard Oil Company is report.
ed tobe ready to go on with the now ala
most abandoned oil well operations af
Brooklyn, Susquehanna county.
—Mrs. Katrina Kolash died at Cork
Lane, near Pittston, as a result of injuries
received in Friday night’sstabbing affray
among miners to celebrate Andrew Kol.
ash’s birthday. .
—In a fight over a stolen keg of beer at
Reading on Sunday, two:lamateur base-
ball clubs almost wrecked the residence
of Frank B Steigerwald and injured sev.
—A movement has been made in the
Federal Court at Pittsburg to continue
the receivership of the Western New York
& Pennsylvania Railroad and protect
—Three drummers who failed to get
cash from C. W. Plunkett’s Scranton pool
room on Virago. ‘a 5)-to-1 shot,” which
they bet on, got their money back by
—Miss Jennie Gheer, who has been a
missionary of the Woman's Foreign Mis-
sionary society of the Methodist church
in Japan for eleven years, has returned
to her home in Bellwood.
—Richard Reddiek, of Bridgewater, a
colored man who says he was born in
Richmond, Va., 117 years ago, insists that
he remembers having seen George Wash.
ington, shortly after the Revolution,
—A real fortune of $35,000, part of an
estate in Ireland, has been won for school
teacher Peter Gillespie, of Mill Creek,
Schuylkill . county, Sir Charles Russell
was attorney for him and other heirs.
—The Jersey Shore Videlte says that the
gentlemen interested in the construc
tion of the new electric railway in [Lock
‘Haven contemplate building an electric
road between Lock Haven and Williamse
—The State has awarded to J. Bayard
Henry, Mary McHenry Cox and James
Watts Merenr $3406.99, as informers’ fees
in the escheat case of Johan R. Penn
against the Atlantic and Great Western
—The large saw mill of Clark, Kizer &
Kipp, of Anita, Jefferson. connty, on the
Elk run branch, burned to the ground on
Saturday morning about 1 o'clock. The
loss will reach $11.000 or $12,000. There
was $9,000 insurance.
—The Commonwealth's tax ‘cases
‘against the Oil Well Supply Company and
the Commonwealth in the’ suit against
the United Gas improvement Company
have been won under a decision by Judge
McPherson, of Pauphin.
—Joseph Candor & Co., of Lock Haven,
have been awarded the contract for lay-
ing the track for the electric railroad in
that city. Work began to-day. The cars
have been built at New Castte and have
been shipped to Lock Haven.
—At a meeting of “drummers” of the
Travelers’ Protective Association, in
Reading, the immediate passage by Cone
gress of the bill permitting railroads to
place on sale a 5)00-mile interchangeable
milage book with greater allowance Of
baggage was strongly advocated.