Newspaper Page Text
B8Y PRP. GRAY MEEK.
—The restoration of business prosperi-
ty awaits the advent of a Democratic
— Police protection. in New York ap-
pears to ba as costly as Republican tariff’
—A dypamiter recently blew up a
saloon in Chicago, but even such efforis
can’t elevate the liquor traffic.
—1In the long run a well paid Ameri-
can workman is every time a more prof-
itable employee than a low priced Hun.
—1Is there a Republican in Pennsyl-
vania who can give a satisfactory reason
why a Democrat should vote HASTINGS.
—This is the month when the roses
and the college graduates burst upon an
admiring world in all their florescent
—McPaERsoN of New Jersey has
discovered that speculating in sugar
doesn’t sweeten the reputation of a
—1It is to be hoped that JUPITER
Pruvius will get through with his
heavy business before the pic nic season
—-The protest of millionaires against
an income tax is not in the least im-
pressive. It is merely their selfishness
—Even the skill of Tom REED will
find it difficult to make bimetallism and
a high tariff pull together in the same
yoke, as political issues.
~-It is scarcely possible that a Popu-
list at the head of the Democratic State
ticket would be popular with the rank
and file of the party.
—If an income tax is a war tax, as
its opponents charge it with being, what
better means could be provided for pay-
ing the pensions of the old warriors ?
—The State Prohibition Convention
at Williamsport was consistent in con-
vening at a place which recently had
such an unmistakable cold water visi-
—CoxEeY and BrowN got out of jail
on Sunday and if they would do the
wise thing they will not leave much
grass grow under their feet on their road
— While claiming that their tariff
protected American labor, Republican
coal operators imported a lot of foreign
laborers against whom they are now
calling for protection.
—The newspaper correspondent who,
after attempting to rob public men of
their reputations, dodges behind the
privilege of the press, is no better than
a sneak thief.
— Digging coal at 40 cents a fon,
paid in the truck of a pluck-me store, is
an object lesson that is not calculated to
impress the miners with the beauty of
—What could be more exactly ad-
justed to the fitness of things than WiL-
LIAM M. SINGERLY’S name at the head
of the Democratic tariff reform ticket in
the coming State campaign ?
--The WiLsox tariff will, in all pro-
bability, be passed in the balmy month
of June, while the McKinleyites had to
swelter all through the dog-days before
they perfected their monopoly enact-
—As the Johnstown episode is HAsT-
1NGs’ chief claim to distinction, would
not his election to the high office of
Governor be out of ratio to the service
rendered in dealing out rations on that
—The date for the final vote on the
‘Wilson bill in the Senate has been fixed
again and it is now said that sometime
between to-day and next Wednesday
the country will be relieved of its awful
—The Democratic State campaign
this year will be a campaign of educa-
tion that will enlighten the people as to
the real cause of the ‘calamity’ about
whieh there has been so much Republi-
can howling. >
—The Republicans seem wonderfully
worried lest the Democrats don’t find
any one to run for Governor. Don’t
fret we’ll have a candidate when the
time comes and good Democrats will all
vote for him too.
—Rev. Hicks, the weather prophet
is kicking because other papers copy
his prognostications from Word and
Works. The preacher claims he is a
prophet for profit and means to stop this
stealing of his forecasts.
—That their case has been made one
of the leading issues of the Republican
campaign in Pennsylvania may cause
a flatter of excitement among the Sand-
wich Isianders, when they hear of it,
but it is not likely to excite Pennsylva-
— Bellefonte 13 so used to gubernator-
ial honors that she would not be much
elated if more of them were heaped up-
on her; nor would she be cast down and
refuse to be comforted if a third install-
ment of such honors were withheld from
her by the defeat of her own and only
| pers upon that section or locality. This
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
~ VOL. 39.
BELLEFONTE, PA. JUNE 15, 18947
It is to be regretted that the confer-
ence of coal operators and miners at
Altoona, on Saturday last, amounted
to nothing in the way of adjusting
matters in the coal region ; although to
be entirely frank we can see no-way by
which these two interests can get to-
gether with present conditions existing.
There is no question that the in-
crease of pay per ton for mining,
asked by the miner, is greater than
the present price of coal will allow, nor
is there any doubt that the wages offer-
ed by the operators means want, and
misery, and starvation, to the miner as
well ag stagnation and failure for every
other business in the locality of these
Consequently with the present price
of coal there can be no compromise
that will not bring bankruptcy to one
side or starvation tothe other.
This is the situation !
What is the remedy ?
Put up the price of coal and pay liv-
ing wages for its mining.
To do this requires no concessions to,
or conferences with Miners Unions, or
with those of whom the operators
complain as having no interests in, or
business with their affairs. It requires
only an agreement, or if you please to
call it 80, a combination, amoung the
operators to make the price of coal
what it should be. This should be easy
more honorable, than a combination to
Certainly much easier, and
starve labor, rob the community and
cause strikes that paralyze business,
destroys property and threatens the
peace and prosperity of the Common-
In this matter there i8 no use in
mincing words. The present trouble
in the coal region is due solely and
alone to the cut-throat business that
has been carried on for months by the
operators. They have sold coal at
rates far below its value or cost. They
find they are loosing money and they
now attempt to rob laborin order that
their own losses may be less. Even at
former wages the localities in which
they operate are filled with paupers, |
the public almshouses are fall and the
public hospitals crowded, with those
who have tried to eke out a living
upon the wages that were paid them.
And now it is proposed to still further
reduce the pay of their workmen, and it
they will not accept the reduction, the
threat is made to bring in another set
of men, who, unacquainted with the
situation, may imagine they can live at
the rate offered, butin a few months
will be subjects of charity for the gen-
eral community to keep from starv-
It is time such business was stopped.
Coal operators may have the right
to do business as they see fit, but they
have no right to load down any local-
ity with men to whom they
not furnish sufficient wages
keep them - from becoming public
charges. They have no right to rob
any section of the wealth nature has
placed within it, and as a return, leave
their poorly paid employees, as pau-
is what their present methods of busi-
ness are doing. Is it any wonder they
have neither the sympathy nor sup:
port of the community in this con-
What they should do isto advance the
price of coal and pay wages that will
furnish a decent living for every work-
men they employ.
-— When there was so much nice green
grass invitingly spread out all over the
country, which Coxey wouldn't be
compelled to ‘keep off”’ under penalty,
no wonder that he was willing to pay his
fine in order to get out of jail as soon as
| tain agents of the Sugar interest.
he says that
It requires more than the usual
amount of reckless falsehood, to run
Republican organs at this time when
80 much lying is required in antagoniz-
ing the WiLsoN bill and misrepresent.
ing the action of its suppoiters in Con-
gress. But the organs appear to be
equal to the exigencies of the situa-
It being necessary tosupport their case
by misrepresentation, that may throw
odiam upon the conduct of Democratic
Senators and cabinet officers in connec
tion with the pending tariff legislation,
newspaper correspondents are commis:
sioned to getup wholesale defamation
and publish it as substantial fact.
Of that character is the production of
the Philadelphia Press correspondent.
When his aspersions are denied and
disproved by the parties impugned,
and he is unable to give anything
more than flimsy hearsay, and sensa-
tional reports to substantiate his fabri-
cation, that circumstance does not in
the least discourage the newspaper that
employs his defamatory service, but
it coolly tells its readers that every one
of his charges has been sustained.
Secretary CARLISLE is made a cou-
spicuous object of attack. He is ac-
cused of having formulated the Sugar
Schedule in the interests of the Sugar
Trust. The Secretary in his testimony
before the Senate exposes the utter
untruth of this charge. The schedule
had been fixed by the committee in
the only way that could secure the
votes of the two Louisiana Senators
and had nothing more to do with it
than to advise as to the form in which
expression should be given to what
had been deterwined upon by the
Committee as the schedule. It was
furthermore shown in his testimony
that atter the schedule had been pre-
pared he discovered a provision io it
that would have been an advantage to
the Trust to the amount of millions,
and he hastened to notify the Committee
of this defect and had it stricken out
before the bill was reported. Yet in
the face of this disproof of the charge
against the Secretary, the Press in ef
fect makes the assertion that he has
admitted that he formulated the sugar
schedule in the interest of the Trust.
In this campaign of falsehood, car-
ried on by Republican organs, a great
parade is made of what wire-manufac-
turer GAsTON overheard in a conversa-
tion in a Washington hotel between
certain Democratic Senators and cer-
cording to the representation of the
orgaus Gaston actually caught Demo-
cratic Senatorial leaders selling out to
the sugar monopoly. When Gasrox
is brought on the witness stand
before the Senate, under oath,
he heard, in a
room adjoining his, a conversation
about the sugar duties carried on in
such a loud tone that it kept him
awake, a tone in which a dicker of that
kind, in a public house, would not be
likely to be pitched. He could not
determine whether the parties in the
other room were lobbyists or Senators.
.He said he was not acquainted with
the voices of Senators and therefore
could not tell whether any Senators
were present, and he was particular
in declaring in his testimony that he
did not charge any Senator with being
in the party whose loud-voiced conver-
sation, in regard to the sugar schedule,
he had overheard. Yet notwithstand-
ing this denial of the substantial part
of the Gaston story by Gastron him-
gelf, the reckless and unscrupulous
organs declare in cold print that Gas-
70N's testimony fully sustains the
charge that Democratic Senators were
caught in making a sale to the Sugar
This is the most reckless newspaper
lying that was ever indulged in for a
political object. It is unexampled as
an effort of mendacity. The only in-
terest, however, that is injured by it is
that of the newspapers which thus for-
feit the confidence of their readers.
—How rich the people of Pennsylva.
nia should feel after the electioh of
Hastings shall have put ‘forty dollars
of currency’’ (?) in the pockets of every
man, woman and child. The felicity
of the Southern darkies with their *‘forty
acres #nd a mule” won’t be a patchin’
m—=D0 you read the WATCHMAN,
Another Fallure to Agree,
A second conference, between the
operators and miners of the Clearfield
region, was held at Altoona on Tuesday
It proved a failure because of the re-
fueal of the operators to agree to any
basis of settlement except their own
dictatorial,starvation,rates. The miners
agreed to treat with them outside of
the Miners Union, and as representa.
tives only of the Clearfield region—a
demand that the operators have been
making since the trouble began,—and
further agreed to accept 40 cents a net
ton, or 45 cents a gross ton,for mining,
but both proposition were spurned by
This action, on the part of the indi-
viduals and corporations that have been
robbing this section of the state, of its
wealth, and returning nothing to it but
crowded almshouses and burdensome
poor taxes, should open the eyes of the
authorities, as well as it has those of
the public, to the injustice of these
Their evident intention
is to force a conflict between “their
starving workmen and the thugs they
have imported as detectives, and then
expect the state to step in and bear the
brunt of the trouble their course has
caused, and saddle the expense upon
the tax-payers generally.
This should be prevented.
The people whose property and
rights will need and should have the
protection of the state, if the troubles
are those who
the operators seem determined
bring about, come,
have neither voice nor vote in the set-
tlement of these difficulties. They are
the tax-payers and residents of the
foeulities in which mining opera-
tions are carried on, and should
be protected from the armed
body of irresponsible thugs brought
from the slums of the large cities, and
the horde of ignorant pauper laborers
it is proposed to dump down upon
them to become public charges before
the snows of another winter whiten the
As long as the operators in this sec-
tion continue to give away their coal
at a price that prevents them paying
living wages to have it mined, they
will have neither the sympathy of the
public nor should they have the prc-
tection of the state.
It is to be hoped, however, that the
starting of mining operations in other
parts of the state will show to the
three or four big corporations that
control the coal trade of this section,
the necessity of paying their men and
going to work.
The Oregon Election.
Upon the surface of the recent Ore-
gon election there is an appearance of
a decided Republican victory, but it
does not require very close examina-
tion to deprive the result of its signifi-
cance, if there is any attached to it.
Oregon has for years been a Republican
state. In every Presidential election
from 1872 to 1888 the Republicans
carried it by a large plurality, and al-
though in 1872 one “Fusion” elector
was elected, the balance of the electors
were carried by 8000 plurality over the
straight Populists, and more than 20,.
000 over the straight Democrats. Sach
being the fact, itis bard to see how
the recent election was a significant
defeat for the Democrats.
That election must rather be regard:
ed as a fight between the Populists
and the Republicans, Governor
PeNoyYER had been elected as a Demo:
erat, but he turned to be a Populist
demagogue, and although he was not
a candidate for re-election, he was in
volvet in the contest as a prospective
Populist candidate for United States
Senator. Hundreds of Democrats
voted with the Republicans to make
sure of preventing a Populist victory
that threatened the State with the dis-
grace of being represented in the
United States Senate by PENoYER. It
was more of a defeat of the Populists
than of the Democrats, and decided
nothing definitely except the fate of
the political crank whom the Demo-
crats were so unfortunate as to elect
Governor some years ago.
As to the Situation.
From the N.Y. World,
The people have had hard times this
year. But the people are not fools. They
They know that they are living still
under the laws enacted by Republicans,
the laws they revolted against in 1890
and again in 1892, the laws they elected
8 Democratic president and congress to
repeal. They know that every tax they
pay to-day is a Republican tax. They
know that the protectionism which
keeps the prices of their necessaries high
and shuts them off from free access to
foreign markets with the products of
their industry is Republican protection.
ism enacted in the McKinley bill. They
know that the extravagant expenditures
of the government, which must be met
by appropriations, were decreed by a
Besides all this, the people understand
the present situation. They knew why
their taxes have not been reduced. They
are not deceived by professions or party
names. They have seen a Democratic
house of representatives frame and pass
an act to reduce their taxes and promote
prosperity in the way. they have them-
selves decreed. They have seen that
measure twisted out of shape and de-
layed for months in the senate, not by
the will of the Democrats there, but un-
der compulsion of Republican represen-
tatives of the trusts in alliance with
other Protectionist trust agents who for
convenience and personal advantage
masquerade as Democrats while repudi-
ating every fundamental Democratic
principle and doctrine.
The sole reason that a just tanff re-
form bill has not become law before this
time is that there is in fact no real Demo-
cratic majority in the senate.
It is likely, then, that the people will
elect a Repu:blican congress next time,
and so surrender all hope of reform, or
that they will again emphasize their de-
sire for reform and patiently set to work
to secure it by electing legislatures that
will send real Democrats to the senate ?
It will be time enough for return to
the Republican system of class legisla-
tion when the Democratic system of
legislation for the common benefit of all
the people shall have been tried and
Colorado's War Over.
An Agreement which is Expected to Settle the
Strike in the Cripple Creek.
CriprLE CREEK,(Col., June 11.—The
labor difficulty in this district was set-
tled last night by definite agreement
between Messrs, Hagerman, Moffatt,
and thesmaller mine owners at Colorado
Springs, and between the County Com-
missioners and General Brooks, at a
meeting held at militia headquarters in
Altman, last evening.
The terms of this agreement are, first,
that the Deputies will be at once with-
drawn from the camp ; second, that the
mine owners shall be given immediate
and peaceable possession of their prop-
erty ; third, that the militia shall fur-
nish protection equally to miners and
the mines ; fourth, that troops shall re-
main in the district at least thirty days,
and as much longer as the commanding
officer may deem necessary to secure
perfect smoothness in the operation of
the mines ; fifth,the miners are to deliver
up to the commanding General all arms
of their own and those taken from oth-
ers, together with all personal property
belonging to others, borrowed or other-
wise acquired, and all material taken
from the mines ; sixth, troops are to be
stationed at Cripple Creek and Victor,
with headquarters at Altman ; seventh,
persons for whom the Sheriff has war-
rants shall be arrested by General
Brooks, and shall he turned over to the
Sherif at Colorado Springs.
The Deputies will break camp at
Victor to-day and will start at once for
Colorado Springs, where they will dis-
Correct, You are Brother.
From the Montrose Democrat.
Both the old parties have been de-
claring in their platforms, for bimet-
alism ; now let them take hold in earn-
est and secure something tangible in
this direction, giving silver a place
once more among the legal tenders.
The rank and file of the Democratic
party, especially, is asking for this,
though a few of the big city newspapers,
whose interests are all with the cities,
instead of with the agricultural and pro-
ducing classes, attempt to make it ap-
A TUS ET I.
From the Gettysburg Compiler.
Governor Pattison’s part in the diffi-
culties with the strikers last week is an
exhibition of good sense and prudence
and shows a proper consideration for the
rightsof both parties. Although the
condition now indicates that there may
yet be serious trouble, the conditions
last week were not such as to require
the use of arms. Governor Pattison’s
attempt at arbitration, though it has not
settled the question, has, at least, creat-
ed a feeling, among the miners, that
their rights will be protected.
Forgets that “While the Lamp Holds
out to Burn” &c.
From the York Gazette.
The Senate really seems to be trying
to send its bill to the House as soon as
ossible, but it’s too late to head off the
bin of indictment against them filed by
the people of the United States. Indeed
they have already been tried on it and
public opinion has rendered & verdict of
know where the hard times came from.’
Spawls from the Keystone,
—Milk from malt-fed cows is killing
babies in Allegheny City.
—Slot machines are to be pitched out of
Harrisburg by order of the Court.
—Captain William Davis, of Scranton
was Saturday kicked to death by a horse,
—Falling from an electric light pole at
Wilkesbarre, Charles Gustavsen was
—Lancaster Y. M. C. A, Sunday celebra-
ted the fiftieth anniversary of the organi.
—The scarcity of coal Saturday closed
the East Lebanon Iron Company’s pud-
—The body of Jacob Sherry was found
on the railroad track at Easton with his
head crushed. .
—Flour is now selling at $3.10 a barrel,
while bran sells at $1.00 per 100 pounds at
—Henry George talked to the Chester
county friends, in session at Longwood,
about a single tax. t
—Scranton bricklayers who struck for
40 cents an hour on May 1 have returned
to work at the old wages, 35 cents.
—Rev. Dr. George T. Purves, of Prince-
ton will preach the baccalaureate sermon
at Lafayette College next Sunday,
—Only 10 applicants presented them-
selves yesterday at Harrisburg before the
Eclectic Medical Examining Board.
—The Ashland knitting mill, which has
been idle all spring, started up on Mon-
day and gives employment to 125 men.
—A copperhead bit Mrs. Christiana
Shaffer, of Cedar Springs, Clinton county,
while she was working in her garden.
—Disgusted patrons using the pike to
the West End Park, Lancaster, on Sunday
night burned a newly-erected toll gate.
—It turns out that the Smoky City and
Allegheny are to have only a 30-inch tele-
scope instead of the largest in the world,
—Frequent deaths at the baby farm
kept by Mrs. James Robinson. of Alle.
gheny City, have led to an investigation.
—Marie Decca lost the suit at Harris.
burg to recover from her husband, F. 8,
Christman, possession of their $5600 home.
—There are thirty-three prisoners in
the Clearfield county jail—more than at.
the opening of the recent term of court
—A hen in the barn of Paul Fuller, near
Norristown, hatched a new variety of
a boarding house chick. It had three
— Franklin county ’s nineteen school dis.
tricts will receive $51,223 of the State ap.
propriation, nearly #700 less than last
—A Paterson (N. J.) plush company of.
fers to locate a large plant at Strouds-
burg, provided the town puts up $10,000
—A canvass of the town by the authori®
ties shows that the Minersville popula.
tion has increased exactly 1000 since the
—The Tremont and Pine Grove Electric
Light Company has been organized for
the purpose of supplying light and power
to those towns.
—Bricklayers employed at the Soldiers’
Industrial School, at Scotland, struck
Monday because the contractor refused
to pay them every week.
—While playing “Copenhagen” at a pic -
nic near Plainfield, Monroe county, Miss
Cora Miller ran against a young man’s
hat brim, breaking her nose.
—A meeting addressed by Presiden t
Warfield, of Lafayette College, and oth «
ers was held at Easton toadvocate the
closing of the post office there on Sunday.
—A bogus occulist swindled Scudder
Voorhees, of Dolington, Bucks county»
out of $25, and other victims were trea ted
ina like manner in the same neighbor:
—The Clarion lawyers will take a vaca’
tion this year from July 1 to August 1.
They will hold a picnic for themselves
and their families on the Clarion Assem-
bly grounds June 30.
~—There are issued in this State 183 daily
papers, 3 tri-weeklies, 21 semi-weeklies,
925 weeklies, § bi.weeklies, 23 semi-month.
lies, 216 monthlies, a total of 1,4)8. New
York and Illinois exceed this total.
—A new railroad is projected from Ma -
haffey, in Clearfield county, to Butler, to
run through Indiana and Armstrong. If
built it will connect the Beech Creek road
with the Baltimore and Ohio system at
—Drilling for oil has been begun near
Forkston, Wyoming county. The drillers
intend, if necessary, to go down 2,600 feet.
The parties interested have about 16,000
acres under lease and are confident of
striking either oil or gas.
—A weasel sneaked out of his lair near
Stroudsburg and picked up one of Mrs,
Frymire’s little chickens, Two bantam
roosters were near by and they set upon
the thieving beast with such vigor that
both eyes were picked out and he died
—A golden eagle was killed at Homer
City, Indiana county, on Sunday, while
attempting to carry off a hen with a
brood of chickens. The hen was tied
with a strong cord which the eagle
couldn’t break. Failing in this attempt
it perched itself on a tree near by to se.
lect another victim, when a man named
Lockard shot it. It measured 6 feet 2
inches from tip to tip of wings.
—Since 1838 the Governors of this Com «
mouwealth have been divided among the
counties as follows: Porter, of Dauphin,
Shunk, of Berks; Johnston, of Westmo re-
land; Bigler, of Clearfleld ; Pollock, of
Northumberland ; Packer, of Lycoming ;
Curtin, of Centre; (two terms); Hart.
ranft, of Montgomery (two terms) ; Hoy t»
of Luzerne: Pattison, of Philadelphia
(two terms), and Beaver, of Centre. It is
remarkable that all of that territory west
north and south of Westmoreland has
uever sent a Governor to Harrisburg.
—Mrs. Michael Burnett, residing at
Stroudsburg, had a hen setting with the
result that one egg hatched. She brought
it into the kitchen and assisted the chick
to get out of the shell. Next morning it
was apparently dead. In order that the
cats might not get it she buried itin the.
yard under several inches of earth. In
the afternoon she heard a peepipg in the
vicinity of the buried chick. Scratching
away the ground tbat had been warmed
by the sun she was astonished to see the
unfortunate youngster bob up its head
and struggle out of its early grave.