Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, June 01, 1894, Image 1

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    ‘Ink Slings.
~ —The situation of the coal strike
seems to be the bituminous regions.
— Possibly the variable condition of |
the weather accounts for the dirth of
Spring poems.
— Prince BIsMARCK’S income is said
to be about $100,000 a year. He ought
to be able to struggle along on that.
—There is a possibility of sweeping
changes in the organization of the war
department. DAN LAMONT is the new
—There is a chance for a war with
both Russia and England now, Why
not get into it with both feet. It would
be & counter-irritant for the labor trou-
bles we are having.
— Thirty-five thousand men striking
in Pennsylvania alone and this under
the benign (?) influences ot a McKin-
LEY tariff. Give us the WiLsoxN bill at
once, our condition cannot possibly be
—-From the recent indiscriminate use
of the word Jingo we are ata loss to
know exactly what interpretation to
put on it. Heretofore we have always
deemed it applicable only to methods
—Mr. BELTZHOOVER, the Democratic
congressional Judas, knows now what
his perfidy has cost him. Tho Demo-
crats of the nineteenth district have
nominated P. H. STRUBINGER to suc-
ceed him in Congress. A man may
betray his friends once, but never a sec-
ond time.
—The Ferris wheel is the biggest
after all. Coxey’s Common-weal tried to
out-do it, but it will take five trains of
thirty cars each to transport the former
from Chicago to New York, where it is
to be set up, and all the Common-weal
has been able to do is take two ordinary
sized trains. :
—Q@Governor ATGELD, of Illinois, has
refused to act with the Governors of
Indiana, Ohio, West Virginia and
Pennsylvania in the arbitration of the
difference between the coal miners and
operators because, as he says, they will
have no authority backing them to en-
force attendance of needful witnesses.
His assertion is logical, but then he conld
easily teach the others how to stretch the
authority as he did when pardoning
those Anarchists.
—Why is it that the poor down trod-
den southern darkey who is ‘‘marched
to the polls and forced to vote the Damo-
cratic ticket at the point of a bayonet,”
or on refusing to do this is ‘not allowed
to vote at all, is not in the present coal
strike ? He is satisfied. He is making
more and has steadier employment than
his northern co-workers. The.South is
Democratic. The South is not pampered
by a monopolistic tariff. The South
does not know what strikes are.
—The Rt. Hon. F. A. HARRIS, of
Tyrone, ex-grand chief of the knights
of the Golden Eagle of the State. and
an all-around aspirant for notoriety, is
out in a letter refusing a contribution to
the Democratic campaign fund because
he hopes to see the present manage-
ment of the State Democracy knocked
higher than GiLroY’s kite. If Fre,
ever realizes his hopes he will still have
Fisk CoNRAD left to play tormentor on
the little political stage he would like
to strut on.
—The Presbyterians of Nashville,
Tenn., who tried to expel a young girl
from the church because she worked in
the telephone exchange two hours on
Sunday, have learned that their christian-
. ity is not the kind approved by the
general assembly of the church in the
State. Their action has been censured
and Miss MEANS has been restored to
membership by the highest authority in
the church. For the most part Sunday
work is wrong, but when it becomes a
necessity then we must put a different
light on it. :
—The wretched condition of the peo-
plein the coke regions has been exciting
much comment of late. For the most
part they are foreigners, ignorant of our
laws and customs, and now that they
are beginning to rebel against a slavery
that is more pitiable than ever that of
the colored people was they are met
with Wirchester: rifles in the bands of
inhuman deputies. The fault is not
with the ignorant foreigners, but with
our laws that have allowed employers
to import that class of labor for the pur-
pose of degrading the honest toilers of
—The real significance which attaches
$0 much alarm to the appearance of the
septendecim cicada, or seventeen-year
iocusts, seems to have sprung’ from the
letter “* W” which is plainly a peculiar
demarcation on their wings. Now as
‘W stands for war or want a dreadful su-
perstition has always been a fore run:,
ner of the periodical visits of this
species of locust, But W also stands for
wealth, weal and woman, exactly the
reverse of such calamities as war or
want so let us imagine they bring the
latter and not. worry ourselves about
them, forin truth they are harmless.
“VOL. 39.
NO. 22.
It Is a Reform Measure.
New York some days ago the tariff
| bill with the Senate amendmeats was
| denounced as insufficient for the pur
pose of tariff reform. Oue of the
speakers said: “If the Democratic
party can’t give us a better bill than
the MoKivLey bill, let the MoKINLEY
bill stand.”
This is a mistaken idea. The Wir
sox bill, even with the alterations
made in the Senate, is much better
than the McKiNLBy measure. It is
an appreciable step in the direction of
tariff reform. The disappointment
consists in its not going as far as
earnest tariff reformers expected and
intended. But when the obstacles are
considered, it has goue as far as could
be reasonably expected. Long estab:
lished abuses, allied with widely rami-
fying interests, cannot be outrooted at
the first pull.
But how foolish to say that, viewed
in the light of tariff reform, the bill
now pending in the Senate is not better
than the McKinLeY bill. It gives us
the greatest and most important tex.
tile raw material free of duty, and in
addition to entirely liberating wool
from tariff taxation, it greatly reduces
the duty on every other raw ma-
terial. This in itself might be consid:
ered a great triumph of tariff reform if
it had not been expected by the over:
sanguine that all the raw materials of
manufacture would be entirely emanci-
pated. In addition to this great gain
there is not a schedule on the WiLsox
bill as amended in the Senate that
does not show a decided redaction of
The term “tariff reform" means
tariff reduction. The idea of entirely
wiping ont the tariff was never includ-
ed init. Therefore where it appears
that there has been a very appreciable
reduction, reform has certainly been
effected. Some may be dissatisfied be
cause it has not gone as far as they
wanted it to go, but they cannot deny
that upon the passage of this bill a
great advance will have been made.
Hence the absurdity of the assertion
that because everything originally
aimed for in the WirLsox bill will not
be secured, the McKINLEY bill might
well have been allowed to stand.
bill will consist in the fact that it will
change the order of legislation on the
subject of the tariff. Heretofore un-
der Republican rule the movement was
constantly in the direction of piling on
more tariff taxes. A halt has been
called on that movement and the op-
posite action of taking off tariff taxes
has been adopted. The first step in
the new direction may not be as big a
stride as was originally proposed, but
it is a step that will be followed by
others in future Democratic Congress:
es. Iishould be remembered that the
low Democratic revenue tariff of 1846
was followed by a further reduction of
duties in 1856, with the general approy-
al of the country.
Their True Feeling.
At the very time when Englishmen
were gushing over the sailors of the
American cruiser Chicago in London,
and dilating upon the friendly and fra-
ternal feeling that should exist between
Eogland and the United States, the
soldiers of one of the English regi-
ments in Canada were giving a truer
exhibit of English feeling towards this
country by tearing down the American
flag that waved over the residence of
our consul in the Canadian town of St.
Thomas. There was no hypocrisy in
this demonstration. It was an expres:
sion of the real Joux BuLL antipathy
toward the American republic.
This was certainly a grievous of-
fence. The parties’ who committed it
were wearing the Eaglish uniform,
and were members of the Queen’s own
rifles. The parties who thus insulted
our flag may have been drunk, but
that is the condition in which the real
feelings of men are most likely to be
displayed. The Canadian authorities
are going to investigate the matter.
If the case can’t be white-washed an
apology will be made, but no amount
of apolorizing will alter the fact that
the Euzlish have no love for the.
| American flag.
| —— Subscribe for the WATCHMAN,
Ata meeting of tariff reformers io |
But the great virtue of the new tariff |
The New Know Nothingism.
The A. P. A., a secret and oath-
bound organization that has inherited
the religious bigotry and political pur-
pose of the old Know Nothings, is as-
snming a pernicious but concealed ac-
tivity in the politics of the period. Its
influence has been displayed 10 some
of the recent elections in the West,
where it has co-operated with the Re-
publicans, and this year it may be ex-
pected that there will be more appar-
ent evidences of its existence as'a
a political factor. Its origin was in
the northwest, it having been original
ly organized in Minneapolis about five
years ago. Previous to 1890 it was an
unknown quantity, but about that
time it demonstrated its strength in
Mianesota, and the Republican politi
cians hastened to form a combination
with it. At the last election in that
State the A. P. A. and ‘the Republi
cans worked so successfully together
that they virtually took coatrol of the
State. Their platform does not appear
to be directed aghinst the indiscrimi-
nate importation of undesirable for:
eigners, which would give it some
claim to favorable consideration, but
it is based entirely on religious intoler-
ance and is aimed exclusively against
Catholics. The issue on which they
operated in Minnesota was “no
Catholics wanted,” though this issue
was not made openly. They simply
demanded the political proscription ot
Catholics and the Republican politi-
cians acquiesced.
This new religious and political per-
secution, which originated in the West,
is rapidly extending to other sections,
aol bad already its effect in the elec-
tions in some of the eastern States last
fall, It is arranging for a more extend-
ed effort in the coming elections, and
it may be expected that there will be af
coalition between the oath bound re-
cians, they being already in alliance 1
some of the western States. A move-
ment has been made by the A. P. A.,
in the constitutional convention of
| New York, now in session, ‘with the
object of influencing such action in the
formation of the new S:ate constitu-
tion as will comport with their relig-
ious intolerance.
Those who remember the incidents
of the Know Nothing movement, forty
years ago, can see the similarity be.
tween it aad the A. P. A. in spirit and
| purpose, and are also able to foresee a
similar termination. Know Nothing-
| ism commenced its dark-lantern opera-
! tions soon after the election of a Dem-
| ocratic President in 1852: It reached
its highest silage in 1854, the same as
the A. P. A. is likely to develop
jits fullest strength in 1894. Bat in
1855 the better sense and patriotic de-
termination of the American people
roseup against the dangerous secret
organization whose object antagonized
the principles of religious and political
equality which constitate the basis of
our free institutions, aad trampled it
out of existence. Kuow Nothingism
did not live to take part in or exert
any influence whatever upon the elec-
tion of 1856 at which a Democratic
President was elected. The same fate
is likely to overtake the A. P. A, as
there can be no doubt that the Ameri-
can people still retain their aversion to
dark-lantern politics and oath-bound
religious bigotry and intolerance, and
will not consent to having their elec-
tions controlled by influences eminating
from secret conclaves. There is every
probability that this new form of
Know Nothiogism will be as short-
lived as the old one was.
Not a Pennsylvania Platform.
A person reading the platform of the
recent Pennsyivania Republican State
convention, and uniformed as to the
locality where the convention was
held, would be considerably puzzled to
know what State it belonged to. There
was not a single expression in the doc:
ument that indicated its State charac-
ter. It did not contain a line that
would enlighten the reader as to
whether the convention was held in
this State or in California, or whether
it spoke for Pennsylvania or the Sand-
wich Islands. Although there are
many local interests of very great im-
portance in which the people of the
State are interested, not a siugle one of
them is alluded to in this remarkable
But it cannot. be said that the docu-
ligious bigots and the Republican poli- |
ment issued by the Republican con:
vention is expressionless. Alchough it
has nothing to say about the labor
difficulties that have driven thousands
of Pennsylvania workmen into a strike
against the low wages allowed them by
tariff-favored operators, it expressed a
lively interest in the Samoan ques-
tion, and condemned the govern-
ment for wanting to getout of an
arrangement with foreign powers
which bas made it the cats:paw of
German interests in the Pacific ocean.
It is as mute as a clam on State issues,
but gives vent to its indignation on the
Hawaiian question.
This is certainly traveling a great
distance and going considerably out ot
the way for issues with which to en-
gage the attention of Pennsylvania
voters in the coming campaign, and to
arouse the enthusiasm of Republican
workers. Samoa and Hawaii ought to
be 10spiring battle cries in a Pennsyl-
vania State contest.
Pennsylvania affairs, however, were
not entirely overlooked in this Re.
publican platform. While the great
industries of the State continue to be
prostrated, and the industrial distress
prolonged, by Republican obstruction
in the Senate, this platform calls upon
the obstructionists to persist in their
tactics by which the passage of the
tariff bill may be delayed and the pub.
lic distress continued until the elec-
tion, so that the voters may be made
to believe that it is the effect of Demo-
cratic tariff legislation. But it is not
likely that the purpose of this plank in
the platform is going to materialize.
The tariff bill will pass in spite of the
obstructionists, and there will not be
the tremendous Republican majority
that is expected from the “calami-
tous’ condition of the industries.
! War Deprived of Its Danger.
While the appliances of warfare are
being made more destructive in their in-
tention the ingenuity of inventors is |
being exercised to minimize their de-
structiveness. With guns that can be
discharged with terrible rapidity, and
can kill at almost any distance, the
chances of a soldier's life 1n battle
would appear slim indeed. But just
at the time when the fatality of the
weapon has been developed to the
highest degree, an inventor steps in
and devises an armor to be worn by
soldiers, which will shed bullets as ef-
fectually and harmlessly as the feath-
ery covering of a duck sheds water.
A German tailor named Dowe has
invented this bullet-proof uniform,
which is described as consisting of “a
wire netting encased in a cemeat-like
mass.” The German military anthori-
ties have experimented with it and have
found that rifle balls, which at a hun-
dred yards could penetrate a thick
steel plate, had no effect whatever upon
this protective garment. The inven:
tor got inside of one of his coats and
left the experimenters fire at him with-
out sustaining the slightest injury, =
With such an arrangement for the
protection of the soldier, even:the most
cowardly may ‘pluck up courage and
go to war when his couniry calls him
to her defence. There will be no occa-
sion for skulking in battle when, with
the bullet-proof coats, rifles of the most
improved pattern are not more danger-
ous thau pea-shooters. Still, inventor
Dowe’s armor does not appear to pro-
vide against the danger of cannon balls.
Sheuld he improve it, so that a twelve-
pound shot would recoil from the man-
ly bosom of "the combatant as harm-
lessly as rifle bullets are warded off by
Dowe’s impervious uniform, we would
be willing to risk the dangers of the
battle field in conflict with the enemies
of our country, and, returning safe and
sound, with the starry banner waving
over us, would be prepared to draw a
pension for the balance of our days.
~——The Democratic County Conven-
tion will meet in the Court House in
this place Tuesday, June 12th, at 12
o'clock noon. Let there be a large
turn out. The primaries will be held
on the preceding Saturday, June 9th,
between the hours ot 3and 7 P. M.
Attend the primaries and have a
voice in saying who shall represent
you in the Convention. It isimportan ¢
that you look after the political inter-
ests of the party, for the Republicans
are gloryiag in a false hope that they
will sweep everything next fall. Let
us meet them more than half way.
The Same the World Over.
From the Butler Democratic Herald.
This is an era of change. In no sense
is this statement more true than with
reference to prices. When a child, the
writer saw men at work in the charcoal
woods at $60 per month, and in refer-
ring to those times some people can
speak of $60 a month only. But a few
days ago we heard a high tariff laboring
man declare, “We haint no sich times
as when we worked at coalin’ for the
furnace.” ‘How much did you get for
coaling ?”’ was asked, and he replied
t¢$65 a month.” In response to a further
inquiry he said, ‘Yes, it were only
quarter cash, balance in trade at the
furnace store. Flour was $8 8 hundred,
sugar 20 cents a pound, black at that,
and calico about 15 cents a yard.” This
is only a small portion of the informa-
tion given by our Republican fiend,
but it was worth something to us, and
might be to him if be will honestly lay
aside his war prejudices and look mat-
ters squarely in the face. It is true that
work like coaling will not now com-
mand sixty dollars a month, or two dol-
lars a day, but easier work in the same
neighborhood brings $1.25. In fact we
saw ‘a man working in the woods last
week making roads at that rate, in the
same neighborhood in which he thirty
years before coaled charcoal at $2 a day.
Here isa comparison of thirty years ago
and now for that man :
IN 1864.
By 6 days work at §z - = = $12.00
To 501bs flour, - o-oo = $4.00
To 4 lbs sugar, - = = 80
To 8 yards ¢alico, - — =—-- - 1.20
Balance, , $6.00
It will be seen by this that the three
purchases consumed 50 per cent. of his
week’s earnings.
IN 1894.
By 6 days work, - = $1.50
Dr. .
To 50 lbs, flour (better), $090
To 4 lbs, sugar (better), 20
To 8 yards calico, - —- 40
Balance for week, $6.00
It will be seen by this that to-day the
day laborer has consumed only 20 per
cent. of his earnings.
The good old times of furnace days is
as much of a chimera as is the good
times of the McKinley bill. It is a de-
lusion and the time is not far distant
when the world will know it as such.
The Gloomy Side of Protection.
: From the Scranton Free Press.
A Remington typewriter that sells
. in this country for $100 can be bought
abroad for $75. This is one of the
“benefits” of protection. The ma.
chines are made here, shipped abroad
“and then sold for $25 less than offered
bere! Its a fact that these machines
can be made for between $18 and $21
80 that there is yet a big profit at $75.
But every buyer of one at $100 pays
not less than $25 “tariff,” on it. Pret
ty steep protection, isn't it ?
Righteous Indignation.
From the Emporium Cameron County Press.
The girls of Emporium are up in
arms and have held an indignation
meeting and are in rebellion against
tbe yourg men of Empcrium, who
uge their parlors for loafing places, en-
joy their music, eat dainties prepared
by their fair hands, but who forget to
reciprocate when a good entertainment
comes along. At such times the girls
claim they are left alone with their
meditations, while the beaux sit out
the performances alone.
Yes, Shake Them Up a Little.
From the Wilkesbarre Union Leader.
In connection with the threat of the
colored crank to destroy the govern-
ment property in ashiogton by
bombs if the Coxey legislation is not
passed, it is suggested that some sort
of a mild explosive in the Senate
would have a beneficial effect, in that
it might wake the Senators from the
lethargy now upon them and impel
them to action.
Robbing Peter to Pay Paul.
From the Troy, Ohio, Democrat.
There is a sugar planter in Louisi-
ana who received this year under the
McKinley sugar bounty law $376,000
bounty. Does that indicate that we
had free sugar under the McKinley
regime? This money goes to an indi-
vidual. Under the Wilson bill the
money will go the Government for the
benefit of all.
They Have Lived Down the Taste for
It Now.
From the Scottdale Independent.
Judge Harry White of Indiana
county, would not grant any licenses
during his term of office, and on Satur-
day last he was renominated by a
large majority. The people of that
county do not seem to be tired of & no
license system after ten years’ trial.
Just So,
From the Montrose Democrat. '
President Oléveland advises Demo-
crats to strive for principle rather than
spoils. * It's as easy as falling off a log
to'say that with a $50,000 salary to
fall back on. But the *boys" who helped
elect him, and who’ still ‘seé Repuabli-
cans holding the offices that
Democrats ‘ought to fill; think: the
thing can be carried too far. © :
s f the Keystone.
‘—Lake Cary's postmaster says that not
a bass in the has died. “
—Nearly 300 employes are now engaged
in the Columbia silk mill. cs
—An army recruiting station has been
established at Pottsville.
—Griefled Henry Hollenbach, of near
Strausstown, to hang himself.
—The Pennsylvania Knights Templar
are in annual pilgrimage at Pittsburg.
—Commencement week at Dickinson
College, Carlisle, will begin next Sunday.
—Pottsville’s High School celebrated
Memorial day a day ahead of the holiday.
—The Williamsport Colliery, Dauphin
county, is still idle on account of the
—The Weidner mill, near Rehrersburg,
which was 150 years old, collapsed Mon.
day. 1
—The State Fair will be held at Mead-
ville, beginning September 24, to continue
a week. k
—Floods have left the Schuylkill Canal
in very bad condition from one end to the
—C. R. Acker, of Pottsville, is the new
president of the Schuylkill Press Asso-
—Pottsville treasury is empty, and the
officials have not received salaries fora
—Robert 8. Maynes, an Allegheny city
real estate dealer, is in jail for forging a
mortgage. HEN
—Bristol’s tax rate has been fixed at 73
cents on the $100, and is exclusive of the
school tax.
—Williamsport lnmbermen will reclaim
75,000,000 feet of logs caught above Col.
umbia dam.
—Coxe Brothers’ first through train of
coal from their mines to Perth Amboy
ran on Monday.
—Lancaster City and Lancaster County
are quarreling over the division of liquor
license fees. ’
—Eighty-eight weavers in the Steel
cloth mill at Bristol Menday struck for
higher wages.
—Nicholas Wahlars, despondent over
the death of several children, hanged
himself at Lancaster.
—Governor Pattison Monday night en.
tertained at dinner in Harrisburg the Su.
preme Court Justices: :
—Thirty of the 52 collieries of the Phila.
delphia and Reading Company were Mon.
day put into operation. :
—~Tax collector Fred Boyle, of Schuyl.
kill county, convicted of embezzlement,
goes to prison for 14 months.
—Downingtown has at last granted the
Pennsylvania Traction Company a right
of way through the borough,
—Judge Cyrus L. Pershing, of Schuyl®
kill, who has been ill for a month or more
is still unable to occupy the bench
~The Towanda Review says the shipping
of milk from that county to Philadelphia
has become a considerable industry.
—In the old burying grounds at Evans.
burg, Montgomery county, there are sev-
eral tombstones dating back as far as 1728,
1730 and 1732,
—A. P. Sauffer, of Wabash Mills, north
of Ephrata, caught a German carp in his
mill dam that measured 25 inches and
weighed 744 pounds.
—Pittsburg treasurer Monday sent a
vheck to Townsend, Wheeler & Co., of
Philadelphia, for $52,381, the interest on
city bonds held by the firm.
—The Commonwealth's tax case against
the United States Gas Improvement Com «
pany, of Philadelphia, was argued at Har.
risburg Monday before the Suprem e
Court. -
—In repairing the damage done by the
flood to its tracksat Johnstown, the Penn.
sylvania Railroad has constructed a tem «
porary trestle 800 feet long over the Cone.
maugh River.
—Frank Duncan of Chambersburg, lift.
ed a trout from Falling Springs creek
which measured fourteen inches in length
one of the largest ever ‘caught in any
Franklin county stream.
—The forty-eighth annual reunion of
the National Association of Veterans of
the Mexican War is in session at Mauch
Chunk, where the members are the gu ests
of Ex.Congressmau Robert Klotz.
—Says the Springtown, Buck county,
Times: “We heard of a quite singular
happening a few days ago near Apple.
bachsville. ‘A young married man put
his young wife at plowing while he was
engaged in burning corn-stalks that were
left standing on the shocks in the fall;
Sure he must live on a rented farm."
—There is a trainman on the Reading
Railroad, according to the Allentown
Leader, who during his seventeen years on
the rail has traveled 9)4 84) miles, punch.
ed 3,028,200 tickets, yelled “all aboard!"
322,640 times, said “good morning!” 2,016,.
397, called the name of each station 15, 120
times and killed 1% horses and 20 cows.
~The Mount, Joy Star tells of a large
water trough on the farm of Benjamin L.
Garber, of East Donegal, hewn out of
brown stone which is probably the larg-
est in the State. Its dimensions are 16
feet long, 24% feet wide and 2 feet deep,
and it weighs8,000 pounds. It washauled
from DBrickerville, Lancaster county,
many years ago, having been 1n constant
use, and at present isas solid as when
first put in use.
The biggest man in Jefferson county is
Thomas | Pifer, of Henderson, says the
Punxsutawney Spirit, Thomas weighs 363
pounds and measures 54 inches around
the waist and 5}¢ feet around the abdo.
men. His health is good, and he would
be able to work every day were it not for
his excessive flesh, ‘About the only ex.
ercise he takes is ariving ina buggy. It
takes 414 yards of cloth to make him &
pair of pants. t
—Goheenville, Armstrong eounty,comes
to the front with the biggest! snake story,
It is as follows: Last Friday two voung
men, school teachers, were going, to Go-
heenville,and in the road leading to the
village they met a big blacksnake, It
held the road, They ealled a farmer
working near by and the three men killed
it. The snake's stomach contained half
a dozen eggs and a monkey wrench. The
wrench bélonging to the mowing machine
of the farmer who assisted in the Killing.
The snake measured 734 fect in‘Tength and
15 inches in circumference at ity thickest
part. i: :