Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 05, 1894, Image 1

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    EI =. GRAY MEEK.
Ink Shngs.
--Make 1894 a great year.
good times, make good times and there
will be good times.
—Is it any wonder railroads are
shaky institutions? Look at the
amount of rolling stock they handle.
—Help business along by stopping this
continual jabber about bard times.
Half of the so called panic is in the eye
of the alarmist.
—Gov. LEWELLING’S attempt to re-
lease the lease which Mrs. LEASE thinks
she has on the populists of Kansas pro-
mises to give that State a re-lease of
bleeding times. :
--So the Republicans nominated
GALUSHA Grow for Congress-man-at
large, did they ? How in the world did
QUAY and the Philadelphia Press hap-
pen to come together on the same man?
—PRENDERGAST will not have such a
hard time of it afterall. He is to be
hanged ’tis true, but the change from
Chicago to—— will not be as noticeable
as it would from many other towns in
the land.
——Evidences of restored prosperity
are to be seen everywhere. Factories
and mills, in all parts of the country, are
resuming full handed with promise of
continued work. The Democrats are
taking the blame for it too.
—If you can find work of any sort
give it to the worthy poor man to do,
Let him earn what he gets from you.
He will be the happier and you will
have had some return for your, charity,
besides there will be no danger of mak-
ing paupers out of men if they are given
a chance to work for what they get.
. ——The Republican State Conven-
tion at Harrisburg, on Wednesday, res-
“ soluted against everything Democratic
and lauded the effects of the McKINLEY
bill to the skies. The gathering was
Republican, however, and did not seem
to consider the fact that all our present
and past troubles are and have been due
to the measure they extol.
-.The year 1893 was a disastrous one
among the rail-roads of the United
States and though some reputable
journals point to the fact as ap excellent
indication of the decreased business of the
past year we are loath to accept their
statements. Recent developments lead
us to the conclusion that dishonest offi-
cials had more to do with the failures
than poor business.
—The idea of QUAY’S convention tak-
ing exception to CLEVELAND'S Ha-
waiian policy after the peanut tactics
HARRISON resorted to to cover up the
tracks of his disgraceful minister to the
i:1a1 ds, whose conniving got the country
into the embroglio. Quay will do any-
thing, however, and the Republican
machine will always back him up.
—If all the little 6x10 government®
on the globe get to find out that they
can fireon Uncle Sam's sailors with
impunity there is no telling to what ex-
tremes this habit of making targets of
our marines will be carried. The best
thing that can bedone is to lay aside
any sentiment on such matters and blow
some of them out of existence. San
Domingo is the latest offender.
—Ifany one thinks foot-ball does not
have a tendency for good let him read
how Rev. GEo GLENN, a young Meth-
odist minister, at Hughesville, thrashed
two rowdies on Saturday night. They
were partially filled with ram and were
having a good time insulting people and
painting the town red until they met the
minister. He resented the insults and
thumped them both in fine style. He
isa graduate of Wesleyan University
and while there was end rush on the
best foot-ball team that institution ever
—The Columbinn postage stamp isa
drug on the market. In order to get rid
of its enormous stock of Columbian
year souvenirs the post office department
last week sent consignments to every
large office in the country with orders
that they must all be disposed of before
requisitions for others can be drawn.
This will force the péople to buy them
and will possibly decrease the nuisance
of spitting in public places for the time
being also. Every one will have to
economize on his spit until those stamps
are all used up.
—1It is not often that we have occa.
sion to refer to the Harrisburg Patriot
as the source of anything good, but we
take pleasure in doing so when the op-
portunity presents itself, The Patriot, in
a recent issue, contained an editorial in
which a writer claimed that not more
than one in every ten of the so-called
‘army of the unemployed’ are men who
would work if work were offered them ;
and we believe the Pafriof is right.
Forallthe tramps, ram soaks, profes-
sional bums and loafers, who never did
a stroke of work in their lives and never
+ will do any, are parading their destitu-
tion under the banners of the ‘army of
the unemployed” and gobbling up a
lion’s share of the charity that belongs
to the honest man who wants work and
can’t get it.
~ VOL. 39.
BELLEFONTE, PA., JAN. 5, 1893.
NO. 1.
What Patriots We Are (?)
What patriotism there is in this
country is gradually working to the
top. Every little while we see evi
dence of it. The citizen who refused
to go to the army until his district, or
some fellows equally brave (?) as him-
self, offered and paid him a bounty for
doing so, is now the most clamorous
for exhorbitant pensions. The states
man (?) who was in the hey-dey of life
during the war, but kept far away
from it, has now the most to say in
keeping alive the prejudices and sec-
tional bitterness that should have been
buried with Lee's surrender. The sol-
dier (?) who joined the ‘diarrhoea
corps’ before he got to the front and
who stuck to it until he got a dis-
charge, is the one whose recollections
are the most vivid of the bloody battles
he never saw and of hardships and
bravery to which he was an entire
stranger. The churches that demand-
ed contribution on top of contribution,
for relief organizations at the front,
and whose pulpits resounded with de-
punciations of their own members, and
everybody else, who conld not believe
that carrying on a war was the proper
means of adjusting differences between
sister states, or settling disputes between
our own people, have not forgotten
their patriotism, and. thirty years after
the close of the war come to the front
with the bounty taker, the hanger—
round the hospital, the stay at bome
howler, and demand their pound of
flesh for services rendered the govern:
ment in the hour of its necessity.
A case of the later kind comes from
our neighboring town of Tyrone, where
a little wooden church, the cost of
which was less than $1800, was used
for a few week’s during the war for
sleeping quarters for men who were en-
listing in thesepyice. It now demands of
the government, through congressman
Hicks, $2,000 as “re—imbursement for
its use, Had any one at the time its
doors were opened to accommodate the
men who were on their way to the
front, intimated that it was not patriot-
ism or love of the old flag, that actua-
ted its trustees, he would have been de-
an enemy of the government. At that
time to doubt the parpose of those who
were demanding war, or to suspect the
services that were so blatantly offered,
when and where there was no danger,
was to make ones self liable to arrest
and imprisonment as well as to social
rand political ostracism.
But time seems to uncover
much that was hidden. And nothing
that it exposes does it show plainer
than the deception, the hypocrisy, the
pretense and the parsimony, that wrap-
ped itselt in the flag and paraded as
“patriousm’’ here at home during the
dark days of the war.
An Injury Illustrated. :
An item of news which appeared in
the papers a short time ago, furnished
an illustration of the injury which the
Republican high tariff is doing Penn-
sylvania, a State which the protection-
ists represented as being peculiarly
benefitted by their tariff policy. It
was announced that the Catasauqua
iron and steel works, among the oldest
in the country, had been overtaken by
financial failure.
The difficulties under which they
collapsed are not of recent origin, but
like those which pushed the Steelton
works to the wall, began and were con-
tinued under the full ‘protection’ of
the Republican tariff system. These
works found themselves overweighted
by the heavy duty on the imported
iron ore which they required and could
not dispense with in their operations,
a burden under which they were una-
able to compete with similar works
in the West that could get the Lake
Superior ores without the heavy freight
charges on them that handicap the
eastern manufacturers. The Steelton
company suffering from the same dis
advantage, removed part of their opera:
tions to Sparrow’s Point, on the Chesa-
peake bay, to get as close as possible
to the foreign ore it needed; but al.
though it avoided railroad freight by
getting to the very edge of tide water:
it could not escape the blighting effects
of McKinrey's tariff charges. There
is not a steel or iron plant in Pennsyl-
vania requiring this particular grade of
ores, that is not suffering from this dis-
advantage, and the free iron ore which
the WiLsox tariff will furnish them,
will be their only salvation.
In addition to steel and iron opera-
tions, other Pennsylvania industries
will also be benefitted by the more lib-
eral terms on which the Democratic
tariff will allow them to be conducted.
No one need be surprised to see a
revolution of sentiment in this long
tariff-wedded State after the beneficial
effects of the reform tariff policy shall
have been fully manifested. Although
the Republican protectionists have had
only to resort to a tariff scare to carry
Pennsylvania by a big majority, yet
we expect to see her made a Democrat
ic State by the WirLson tariff.
An Impudent Protectionist.
Never were greater impudence and
arrogance displayed by the advocates
of tariff favorivism and monopoly en-
couragement, than is shown by that
peculiarly high tariff organ, the New
York Press, in the assumed contempt
with which it speaks of the Democrat”
ic members of the Ways and Means
committee who framed the WiLsoN
tariff bill. It superciliously calls Mes-
ers. WiLsoN, McMiLLEN, TURNER,
dents of backwoods villages,” who are
“destitute of practical knowledge of in-
dustrial affairs,” and contemptuously
asks “what right have they to speak
for the immense mauufacturing inter-
est of the country,” and to frame a tar-
iff measure that will affect the econom-
ic principles upon which the industries
should be conducted ?
No doubt it is more agreeable to
this impudent McKiNLEYITEs idea of
the fitness of things, that tariff meas-
ures which are to affect “the immense
manufacturing interests of the
countrv’’ should be formulated at the
iustance aud with the advice of those,
great industrial magnates, who have
managed to make millious out of their
tarift privileges and favors at the éx-
pense of an outraged people. In its
opinion men who are interested in
trusts, who throng Republican com.
mittee rooms boring for special tarift
benefits, and furnish such counsel to
{ Republican tarift makers as is caleu-
nounced as a traitor, and pointed to as !
lated to be of advantage to monopoly,
are fitter representatives ot the indus-
tries of the country, more competent in
the interest of the wage-earners, and
more capable of framing an economic
measure that will do the most good to
the general class, than the “back-
woods" ‘members of the Ways and
Means conimittee, who, having been
called to the task by an immense ma-
jority of the popular vote. directly rep-
resent the people in the formulation of
a tari,
Notwithstanding the arrogant dis-
dain with which this New York tariff
organ aftects to regard the Democratic
committeemen’s alleged ignorance of
business affairs, Chairman WiLson’s
astuteness in that respect will not suf
fer by comparison with that of the
Chairman of the McKINLEY commit-
tee, who so completely mismanaged
his own private business, that it was
necessary to hand the hat around
among his tariff admirers for his finan-
cial relief.
Where Protection Failed.
It is shown by the report of the
Department of Agriculture that during
the past year of 1893 wheat reached a
lower price than it was ever sold for in
any former yearin this country. The
average price obtained for it by the
American farmer in the year just past
was 52.1 cents. Considering that this
cereal is one of the staple crops, stand-
ing first in value, the depreciation of
its price, as shown by the official
report, does not speak well for the
prosperity of the farmers.
In this connection it is not out of
place to refer to the fact that those
who framed the present tarift assumed
to look after the interest of the wheat
raisers by putting a duty on that pro-
duction that would protect the Ameri-
can cereal from foreign competition.
Of course the proposition was absurd
from the fact that the United States is
the greatest wheat supplying country
in the world, therefore having no oc
casion to be protected in a product
which forms one of her heaviest items
of exportation. The duty on wheat
was a humbug intended to fool the
farmers. The deception is made the
more obvious and ridiculous by the
official report that under this wheat
protecting tariff that product has
reached its lowest price.
Frightening the Working People.
It is observed that some manufacturers
who prefer the spoliation of consumers
which McKINLEY’S extortionate duties
enable them to practice, are showing
their hostility to the WiLsox bill in
various ways. Some of them appear to
think that an influence may be brought
to bear against this reform measure by
exciting the fears of the working people,
and with this object they are notifying
their workmen that if the Democrats
pass their tariff bill it will be followed
by a reduction of wages.
Probably they intend to do what they
threaten in case of the passage of the
WiLson bill. Even with the exorbi-
tant advantages enjoyed by them under
a monopoly tariff the protected benefi-
ciaries have not shown themselves
averse to cutting the wages of their work-
men, there having been reductions in
the payment of labor in many of the
lines of manufacture under the high du-
ties of the MCKINLEY enactment, and
therefore it may well be believed that
they will easily be disposed to take ad-
vantage of lower rates of duties as an
excuse for reducing the pay of their
employees. But they will find that the
threat of such a reduction will bave no
effact in changing the purpose of those
to whom has been committed the duty
of reforming a vicious and oppressive
tariff system.
In adopting such tactics against the
WiLson tariff bill these spoiled pets of
protection are merely continuing the
line of policy which no doubt many of
them adopted during the past season in
closing their works with the object of
increasing the business depression and
furnishing occasion for the calamity
howl, their purpose being to arouse pub-
lic sentiment against any interference
with the MCKINLEY tariff.
The manutacturers who are now re-
sorting to the menace of wage reduction
are likely to find, atter the Democratic
tariff has been operating for awhile,
d*®ndition of things in regard to
wages over which they will have but
little if any control. The pay which
labor receives depends more upon the
dsmand for it than upon the disposition
of the employer. Industry, released
from shackles imposed upon it by a
Chinese tariff system, and stimulated by
the advantage of free raw materials,
will receive an impetus that will give
increased vigor to every branch of pro.
duction. Under such conditions the price
of labor will be regulated by the de
mand for it, and the disgruntled tanff
favorites, who are threatening to reduce
its compensation in case the Damocratie
tariff shall be passed, will be glad to se-
cure the service of labor at its market
“The True Spirit,
No better evidence of the spirit of
this Democratic administration could
be furnished than is given by the de-
termination to protect American inter-
ests in Brazil, as evinced by the large
naval force that is being concentrated
in the harbor of Rio Janeiro. Four of
the best ships of the new navy, are al-
ready at the scene of Brazilian hostili
ties, while the New York, the largest
and strongest of our armored cruisers,
ison the way, and also the monitor
Miantonoma, considered bv some
naval judges to be the most powerful
battleship now afloat. This force will
give the United States a predominance
at the point of disturbance, making the
American naval strength greater than
that of any other power represented by
armed vessels in those waters,
This demonstration, so honorable to
our govenment, is intended to protect
American interests endangered by the
unfortunate civil conflict that
is now going on in the harbor of Rio.
It is also no doubt intended to serve as
a warning to the old world monarchies
that the United States will maintain
the Moxror doctrine, and will allow
no European interference with the Re-
public of Brazil.
When it comes to the petty business
of overturning a weak but friendly
government on the remote islands of
the Pacific, by fillibustering methods
and underhanded conspiracy, this ad:
ministration isn’t in it. Bat when a
movement is required to assert before
the world, and in the force of powerful
nations, the determination of*this gov-
erament to protect American interests
wherever they may be menaced, and to
maintain the doctrine that foreign pow-
ers have no right to interfere with
American R%publics, a Democratic ad-
ministration can be counted on as sure
The Business Depression Chargeable
to McKinley.
There has not been that tivival of
business which was expected to result
from the repeal of the law that required
the purchase of silver. No doubt a
greater stability has been imparted to
the financial situation in consequencé
of that repeal, and a disturbing factor has
been removed from the money market,
but the operations of industry continue
to be affected by a paralyzing influences
If the rabid protectionists are asked
to give a reason for the continuance of
this stagnation they are prompt with
the answer that it has been caused and
is continued by the apprehension of
Democratic “tariff tinkering,” and that
there is no other cause for the paralysis
that has overtaken tae business of the
country than the fear that the McKin-
LEY tariff is going to be disturbed.
This is the burden of their charge
against the Democratic tariff intentions.
The argument of alarm, accentuated by
the calamity howl, is their chief reli-
ance in resisting tariff reform as em-
bodied in the WiLsoN bill.
The philosophy of the present busi-
ness slump will be more intelligently
and correctly comprehended by future
political economists than it is by those
whose reviews on the subject are dis-
turbed and distorted by the conflict of
partisan feelings and business interests
of the passing period. It will be but a
short tire until it skall be generally
and readily conceded that the business
breakdown of 1893 came from a cause
similar to that which in the past produc-
ed the same kind of collapses after the
country had been overproducing and
overtrading in consequence of the arti-
ficial stimulus of undue protection ; and
the future student of political economy
will be amused to learn that there were
people who regarded the present pros-
tration as having been brought about
by the tear that the economic measure
which really caused the trouble would,
be repealed.
It may safely be said, and it will be
said by any who with ordinary discern-
ment will give the matter anything more
than a superficial examination, that the
McKINLEY tariff is chiefly chargeable
with the depression which during the
past six months has overtaken every
business interest and affected every
branch of industry. It has encouraged
greater production than the needs of
the country required, zongestin being
the inevitable result. When tariff stimu-
lation induces in nine months the pro-
duction of as much as can be consumed
ina year, a clog must come in the
natural order of things. That is the
condition in which the McKINLEY
tanff put the couatry more than a year
azo, and if HARRISON had been re-elect-
ed, the beginning of his second term
would have been attended with the
same state of affairs as that which the |
with having brought about.
It will be remembered that after the
great McKINLEY protective tariff was
passed nearly a year was allowed before
many of the high duties became opera-
tive, and in the meanwhile the country
was overstocked with foreign goods
burried in to escape the increased but
deferred duties. In addition to this
supply from abroad, McKINLEY pro-
tection incited our manufacturers to
augmented production. Could anything
else have followed than the overstock-
ing of a market that had no outlet for |
an over supply ? Such was the effect of
the McKINLEY tariff. This natural re-
sult began to show itself plainly at the
opening of a Damocratic administration,
and the protectionists were adroit
and impudent enough to make a good |
many honest but deceived voters believe
that the damage which McKINLEY had
done was caused by the apprehension
that the Democrats would overhaul his
tariff. But itis evident to discerning
minds that the prevailing business. de-
pression is due to the effects of that |
tariff more than to any other cause.
| inst., of paralysis.
Spawls from the Keystone,
—In Lancaster last year 1215 weddirgs oc-
—Reading policemen made 1315 arrests drr-
ing 1893
— Reading breweries last year turned out
129,000 barrels of beer.
—The Lebanon county Treasurer last year
paid out about $95,000.
—Samuel Lebo, of Lykens township, Dau-
phin county, hanged himself.
—A great deal of ice has been cutand
stored in the Northern tier counties.
—Northampton county, in the year just
ended, paid out $112 for scalps of wild ani-
mals, .
--Judge Cyrus L. Pershing, Jof Schuykill
county, has gone to Denver, Col., in search of
—The Strasburg, Lancaster County, Metho-
dist church was dedicated Tuesday free of
—William Schuttlesworth, of Mt. Pleasant,
was killed in the Williamstown colliery by a
fall of coal.
—Citizens of Boyerstown have subscribed
$25,000 toward establishing a new industry in
that towa.
—Henry Billman, known to everybody in
South Williamsport, hanged himself Monday
in his garret.
—Hon. Martin Bell, of Hollidaysburg, was
installed president judge of the Blair county
courts Monday.
—Williamsport citizens are kicking against
the Board of Trade’s proposition to abolish the
curbstone farmers market. y
—A Philadelphia and Reading Railroad
train ran down and killed Gaetano Marl, a
trackwalker, at Lewisburg.
—The big culm banks at Audenried and
Honeybrook have been purchased, and the
good coal will be washed out.
—Mr. Sones, of Harrisburg, has identified
the man recently killed on the railroad at
Mechanicsburg as his brother.
—The fifteenth anniversary of the United
Presbyterian church orphan asylum was held
at the home in Allegheny Monday.
—Thieves made a New Year's call at Charles
Pamalauski’s salloon in Reading and departed
with a barrel of liquor and some cash.
—Benjamin Erb, Jr., of near Mechanics®
burg, had his left hand so seriously injured by
a fodder cutter that it had to be amputated.
—A series of three banquets and literary
entertainments, given by the ladies of Johns
town for the benefitof the poor, began Mon-
day night.
—Counsel for Harry Manfred, convicted of
murder in the first degree for killing George
Ochs, at Pottsville, are still fighting for a new
—The new Methodist Episcopal church at
Lock Haven was dedicated free of debt on
Sunday last. The cost of the edifice was abou
—While David Krow and Myers Long en-
joyed the New Year's festivities in Lancaster
Monday night, a thief seized their horse and
—The Democratic club at its meeting in
Harri~burg Monday night, adopted a resolu-
tion urging the prompt passage of the Wilson
tariff bill.
The Reading rolling mill resumed operas
tions Monday after an idleness of several
weeks. About 330 men were given employe
—A Lehigh passenger train and a Pennsyl-
vania freight collided near Brick Mountain
and several passengers were slightly injured
—General Robert G. Cox, for twenty-one
years prothonotary of Tioga county was sue-
ceeded to that office by ex-Sheriff Francis M.
Sheffer Monday.
— Lebanon County Commissioners appointed
James M. snyder clerk and John Light was
selected steward of the almshouse by the
Poor Directors.
—Intoxicated Polanders had a fre ffght on
Whiskey Hill, near Wilkesbarre, Monday in
which one man was fatally and a dozen se-
riously injured.
—The new Board of Poor Directors, of
Schuylkill County, have made 25 appoint=
ments, the new steward being Wellin gton
Hartman, of Pottsville.
—With a population of 16,000 the death rate
of Pottstown for the year 1893 was as follows .
Males 64; females, €9; children under 15
yoars of age, 86 ; total, 189.
—Judge Smith's last opinion befure retiring
from Lackawanna county Bench was a strong
rebuke to the practice juries have of come
promising cases without reason.
—A committee of Chester citizens visited
the new Shoemakerville bridge Monday to
see for themselves whether the cement was
sand or not. The bridge cost $65,006.
—Charters were Tuesday granted to the
Philadelphia Homemade Bread Company, of
Philadelphia, capital $200,000 and the Erie
Telephone Company, capital $10,000,
—The Agricultural Society of Cumberland
County Tuesday elected C. H. Mullin, presi-
dent; W. H. McCrea, secretary ; John Stock,
treasurer, and W. E. Milzer, superintendent.
—Judge Endlich Tuesday decided that
there shall be no recount of Reading’s vote
cast at the last February election, and City
Treasurer Bertolet and Controller Koch, Re-
puablicans, will remain unmolested in office.
—Daniel Isenberg died at his home in
Shirleysburg, Huntingdon county, on the 1st
He was aged about 70
years, was a member of the Reformed church
and a highly respected citizen. He leaves a
wife and eight children.
—A man named Andrew Hanecriski while
walking on the railroad, east of New Florence,
| Tuesday afternoon, was struck by the second
section of the Pacific and probably fatally in
jured. His leg was broken and back and head
badly injured. He was taken to the Westm ore-
Jand county home.
——The McKiNLey bill has been in’
operation for over two years, and is
still throwing ite “protective” influ- |
ences over the industries and wage |
workers of this country. Won't some
of its friends point out a few working
men whose wages have gone up in
consequence of 1ts provisions, or some
industry that has been made to hum
because of its benefits ? |
—Congress is again at work. Some
of its members took new pagesso there
must of a necessity be some ground
for the hops that the body turned over
to be at the front every time,
a new leaf,
—A number of the miners eI Tloyei a al F.
L Stephenson & Co's shaft, above Manor,
came out on a strike Tuesday morning owing
to the operators asking them to work for fifty-
three cents per ton instead of seventy-four
cents per ton, the amount they were receiv-
ing. The men all say they can scarcely live
on their present wages let alone on less, Itis
not known what the outcome will be.
—The new Bedford county officers were
sworn in Monday, and the contests for posi-
tions were lively, there being forty-five ap-
plicants for the place of clerk to the board of
| county commissioners and the board’s attor-
ney. J.T. Shafter, clerk, was retained, and S.
R. Longenecker was elected attorney over A.
L. Little. The directors of the poor retain
i their old officers—B. F. Mock, steward; E.
R. Horne, treasurer, and T.M. Arm strong,