Newspaper Page Text
BY RP. GRAY MEEK.
—The cold weather has tke grip on
the people :
—4Time will heal every breach’ —
Not so with breeches.
—The message sounds very much like
—-It seems like hauling coal to New-
castle to bring wind-mills to Belle-
—CQCongress re-convened on Monday.
It did not filea bond that it meant
— Congress will take more time with
the WiLson bill than it did with Mr.
-—It only remains to be found what
childishness some men can display when
they are elected to councils.
—Notwithstanding the general bowl
the WiLsoN bili seems to have sent up
the New Englanders are approving it.
—Tt is the pension agent, and not the
veteran who shouldered the gun, who
nine times out of ten takes issue with
Commissioner LocHREN’S rulings.
--The next day we celebrate will be
Christmas. Darn your stockings and
save your pennies so that when it comes
you can take on a little good cheer.
—The man who goes through the
world poking ridicule at all progressive
measures seldom leaves much expense
for funeral carriages when he dies.
--It is thought that cigarettes will
have to suffer when the new revenue
schedule is made up and ’twere better
that they should do it than so many of
eur young men.
—Weare waiting to hear some Re-
publican blame the failure of N.J.
ScHLoss & Co , the New York clothing
dealers, on tke possible enactment of the
new WILsoN bill,
—And now Dr. McGLYNN wants to
be minister to Italy. There isa chance
that he wants to get back to Rome so he
can flaunt the toga of Ambassador in
the face of the pope.
—That poor man STEVENS, every one
seems to have it in for him. Bat is it
any wonder? A fellow who would try
to pull a colored woman off her throne
deserves to be under a cloud,
—The college athletic season being
ended the scions of many American
families will settle down to a faw week’s
study before they will haveto goin
training for the spring base ball season.
—-If the great game of foot-ball
eontinues in popularity Thanksgiving
will soon be a day when every parent
will have reason to thank the Lord that
a son was not killed while chasing the
—The city of Chicopee, Mass,
which had been prohibitionally dry un-
til last Tuesday eould not stand the
strain any longer and went back to li-
cense. The cold weather more than
likely had something to do with it.
—Mr. VAN ALEN has’proven himself
to be more of a man than his calumnia-
tors thought him to have been, but it is
too had that such men should be hound-
ed by partisan harpies when there is a
possibility of their being of use to their
—A McKeesport saloon keeper buried
his wife the other day and instead of hir-
ing carriages for her funeral he chartered
a train of trolley cars. Science has
made rapid progress and revolutionized
most everything, but the same old
road leads to heaven.
—We Democrats are surely hard
hearted fellows. There are only so fow
of us, you know, and now that we are
in we're going to run everything to the
devil. After we get the governmental
train there we will quietly dump the
Republicans off and run her back again
to the station she started from in 1888.
— Gov. Leweiling, of Kansas, did not
get as much fun as he wanted out of the
silver question nor his long looked for
opportunity to ride ‘‘bridle deep in
blood,’ so just for the sake of keeping
his name in print he now declares that
at one time he was a tramp. We. are
not suprised at all to hear that he be-
longed to the festive order of bums ag
ene time, for he isstill of a very bum or-
der as far as qualification for the digni-
fied office of Governor is concerned.
—The silly twaddle of Republican
bigots that the Democrats are going to
run the country to destruction
savors more of idiocy than any
thing else. Is isa positive fact that
there are and always have been more
Democrats in the land than Republi-
can, hence the foolish idea that we would
conspire to ruin ourselves. Ever since
the war the G. O. P. has imagined that
it has a first mortgaze on these United
States and it is about time its members
become disillusioned. Deniocrats bave
put up with rotten legislation long
enough ani intend to take ahand in
game themselves. Democratic legisla-
tion will be popular because it is made
by and for the majority.
STATE RIGHTS AND FEDERAL UNION.
BELLEFONTE, PA., DEC. 8, 1898.
All Interests and Sections Considered.
Those who examine the new Demo-
cratic tariff bill intelligently and with.
out prejudice, will not fail to observe
and appreciate the pains taken and
conscientious disposition of the com-
mittee in doing the work it bad
in hand, If there was a consideration
which above ewery other it seemed
to have kept in view, it was to do
equal justice between the various in-
terests involved, to avoid unduly effect-
ing any for the advantage of others,
and to so constrain their action as to
give as little disturbance as possible to
legitimate conditions of industry. It
has evinced a solicitude to so graduate
the change in the woolen schedule that
those interested in thal leading north-
ern manufacture may experience but
comparatively little derangement in
their future operations. It has been
careful that the change in regard to
sugar shall be gradual in its effect
upon that great southern interests.
In the face of these two prominent
instances in which equal care is shown
for the two sections, the high tariff
howlers, who have indulged in eo
many falsehoods about the Democratic
tariff policy, say that the WiLsoN bill
displays a sectional preference for the
South, They charge that a greater
cut has been made in the duties on
woolens than in those on cotton goods»
because, as they put it, cotton is a
southern staple and cotton fabrics are
being largely manufactured in the
Southern States, the reckless carpers
ignoring the fact that where that sec-
tion has one cotton factory New En-
gland has a dozen that will have the
benefit of the provision which is charg"
ged as being Democratic discrimination
in favor of a Southern interests, The
Wirson bill is blamed for sectional
hostility to the North in taking the
tariff from wool, yet Texas produces
more wool than any other State in the
Union. Similar censure is indulged
in concerning the removal ot the lum.
ber duty, as if the forest products of the
South, greater in variety of timber than
those of the North,
vast proportions, are uot equally af-
ected. The same may be said of
iron ore and coal which are as much
the product of Alabama, Tennessee,
West Virginia and other parts of the
Sonth as they are of Pennsylvania,
Ohio, Michigan and other northern
states. There is vo product of any
importance, equally belonging to the
two sections, that is not equally treat-
ed, and no interest peculiar to one sec-
tion has received any special favors,
The Philadelphia Press, it is true,
makes the charge that peanuts, which
are a Southern growth, are protected
by the WiLsox bill, while peas, a leg-
uminous production of the North, are
not accorded tariff coddling; but this
is running captiousness into the ground,
and the charge savors eo strongly of
peanut politics as to be unworthy of
and growing to
When the honest examiner looks for
nothing but the facts connected with
the new tariff bill he cannot avoid
being convinced that in framing it the
committee accorded the most impar-
tial treatment to the interests of all
sections. If there have been sacrifices,
they have been more in appearance
than in reality, or have been equalized,
and in the end will be for the general
good. In framing that great feature of
the bill, the free list, raw material of
every section—iron and coal in the
North and in the South ; wool in Texas
as well as in Ohio; lumber whether
produced in the forests of Georgia,
North Carolina and Tennessee, or in
those of Maine, Wisconsin aod Penn-
sylania; Salt alike evaporated from
the ealine springs of New York and
Michigan, from the lagoons along the
Gulf of Mexice all, irrespective of sec
tion or locality, are equally deprived of
what the McKINLEY ITES call protec:
tion to raw materials but which the
Democratic tariff reformers consider a
hindrance to manufacturing industry,
the removal of which will be of incal-
culable advantage to those lines of in-
dustrial production which have been
handicapped by an idiotic tax on the
materials essential to their operations.
As a whole the WiLsox tariff bill ie
a fair ard honest endeavor to avoid
undue preference for any section or in-
terest. and to prevent any class from
erjoyingan advantage that is not ac-
corded to others, keeping in view the
raising of revenue while not ignoring
the benefit which industry may derive
from incidental protection.
A Just and Equitable Measure.
Io contradiction to the howling of
high tariff taxers and ‘protection’
mongers generally, the WiLson tariff
bill presents itself to the honest judg-
ment ot the people as a just and equi-
table measure of reform. It will elimi-
nate, as far as possible, those features
which make the present system pecu-
liarly promotive of class interests,
apportioning with greater equality the
benefits to be derived from a tariff,
which should be the object chiefly
observed in resorting to such a measure
of public policy.
The McKiNLEY-ites, in their pro-
fessed interest for the welfare of the
working people, have admitted that
the gauge by which the necessity for
protection is to be measured is the
difference detween the price of labor
ia this country and in Europe. There
is not a single provision of the WiLsoN
bill in regard to manufactured goods
that does not more than cover this
didference. The duties it provides are
amply sufficient in every class of man-
ufacture to stand as a barrier against
the cheaper labor of foreign countries.
They will serve this purpose without
being as high as McKiINLEY's, the
excess of the Republican duties being
ouly intended to provide for the pillage
of monopolistic “combines.”
The average of the WiLson duties is
infinitely higher than the average 8
per cent. which WasniNeToN and the
other early fattiers ot the Republic
considered enough for the protection
of the “infant industries” when they
[i is much higher
Henry Cray, the
father of the protective system, held to
be sufficient to shield American manu-
factures from foreign competition in
were really infants.
than that which
our own markets. Itvis higher than
the average duties of the tariff of 1846
under which our manufactures made
their greatest advance, and which a
Republican House of Representatives,
under Speaker Bangs, in 1857, assisted
in reducing, as being unnecessarily
high; and it is higher than the average
of the Republican tariff that was
adopted as a war measure, which was
found to be amply sufficient for the
purposes of both revenue and protec.
ed if the Republican politicians had
not discovered a political advantage in
enlisting protected monopoly 1n the
interest of their party by giving it un-
limited tariff plunder.
The WiLsoN bill is a revenue meas:
ure affording adequate protection in-
cidentally., It its reduction of daties
seems large it does not appear so by
comparison with former tariffs which
answered all the reasonable purposes
of protection, but by comparing it with
the McKINLEY enactment whose provi-
sions have been an invitation to a spec-
ial class of tariff beneficiaries to subject
the American people to general spolia-
tion. The Democratic tariff will be
found to be an ample fulfillment of the
Democratic promise of tariff reform.
Distressed ‘Tariff Organs.
Of all the unhappy Republican news-
papers that are wailing over the WiL-
gon tariff bill none can equal the
distress that has overtaken the Phila-
delphia Press on account of the ruin
that will follow in the train of this
Democratic tariff, which it regards as
having been devised for no other pur-
pose than to paralyze our industries
and throw our working people out of
employment, and which it stigmatizes
as a measure intended to benefit Eng-
lish manufacturers, who, it says, are
jubilant over what their Democratic
triends in the United States are doing
in their behalf.
Inconsistency, however, may be
detected in the wails of the Press,
although for years it has been declar-
ing free trade, with ao attendant
sacrifice of industrial interests, was the
purpose of the Democrats, it now says
of the WiLsoN bill that ‘fit is much
more extreme and drastic io its de-
structive features than has been ex:
pected.” How wuch truth and sin-
cerity there was in the ‘free trade”
charges of the Press appears in its
assertion that a tariff which maintains
average duties of 30 percent. is worse
toan it had looked tor.
We are sorry for the unhappy Me-
tion, and would not have been increas- |
Kizimy journals, but we cannot see
that anything can be done to relieve
their distress in this ‘emergency. The
Democrats are going to pass their
tarift bill, They promised the people
that they would reform the tariff by
cutting out those features which have
enabled a favored class to plunder
everybody else, and which, while im-
posing an unnecessary and obnoxious
burden of taxation on the general mass
of citizens, have also impeded and
impaired the general industries. By a
magnificent majority of their votes the
people told the Democratic party to go
ahead with its promised reform, and it
is going ahead.
The tariff organs probably thought
that local Republican victories gained
on State issues this fall would scare
the Democrats from their reform pur-
pose; that the WiLsoN committee
would be so frightened that it would
throw its bill into the waste basket,
and that even GROVER CLEVELAND
would undergo such abashmeut as to
attune the notes of his message to the
high tariff music of the McKINLEY ites.
Nothing could been more absurd than
such an impression, there being no
beter proof of that fact than the
promptness with which the Ways and
Means committee have prepared and
published the bill by which the abuses
and iniquities of the McKINLEY sys-
tem will be corrected ; and this will be
followed by its prompt passage by a
Democratic Congress, and prompt sig-
nature by a Democratic President.
The President's Message.
The Message ot President CLEVE:
LAND to the Filty-third Congress, the
full text of which we give our readers
this week, is a document which was
expected with a greater degree of iuter-
est than has preceded the appearance
of any emanation frum the executive
brauch of the government since the
war. This waslargely due to the ab-
sorbing character of the tariff reform
question to which it was believed that |
a large portion of the Message would
be devoted ; but in treating this sub-
ject the President has not deemed it |
expedient to do more than to reaffirm |
his long maintained position as to the
necessity for relieving the people of the
burden of unnecessary tariff taxes, aud
his frequent previous insistance that
the necessaries of life should be espec-
ially the objects of such relief.
Grover CLEVELAND made his great
tariff reform deliverance in bis first
administration. He bravely risked bis
political existence upon its merits.
saw it fought out toa triumphant con-
clusion before the great tribunal of the
people, and the reformation of the
tariff baviog been enjoined upon Con-)
gress by the popular decree, the Presi-
dent deemed it unnecessary to enter
further into the discussion of the
subject than to briefly allude to the
general benefits that will accrue from a
redaction of an excessive tariff, and to
urge a faithful performance of the
duty which the people imposed upon
Coagress when they confided the work
of tarift reform *‘to the hands of those
who are solemnly pledged to its ac-
Next to what he would have to say
about the tariff, the President's treat-
ment of the Hawaiian question excited
the largest degree of anxious anticipa-
tion. As was to be expected, the de
clarations of the Message on this sub-
ject are based upon the conviction that
the power of this government, had
been abused by its representative to
the Hawaiian government, who made
himself a participant in the conspiracy
by which the constituted government
of the islands was overthrown, and
assisted in bringing about such a revo-
lution by the employment of an armed
force of the United States, irregular
and unwarranted proceedings which
require our government “to undo the
wrong that has been done by those re-
presenting us, and to restore as far as
practicable the status existing at the
time of our forcible intervention.”
In addition to these leading subjects
which occupy the more prominent
points of interest, the Message furnishes
an extensive and exhaustive view of
public affairs, as well those that are
included in our foreign relations as
those which relate to matters of donies-
tic interest, all of which are present
ed with Mr, CLevELAND'S usual earnest
A Poser for Those Lewisburg Saints?
From the Pittsburg Times.
Since the foot ball team which bears
the name of Pittsburg was not to find
occasion for thanksgiving in the score
of the game yesterday, it i8 consoling
that they were beaten in a clean,
manly game by a lot of hardy young
Pennsylvanians. There is no college
more strictly Pennsylvanian in birth,
spirit and atténdance than the State
College, which has grown up among
the Bellefonte hills from a small be-
gioning as an agricultural school. Its
students come chiefly from Pennsyl-
vania farme, and representing the
strong, composite type of Pennsylvania
manhood, the mingled blood of the
sturdy German 'and the enterprising
Scotch and Irish. That's the stufl
that makes strong men and good foot |
ball players, solidity coupled with
activity and animated with never say-
die courage. The men who win, in
larger contests for weightier stakes
than those of the foot ball field, are
those who learn to keep their eye on
the ball and their face to the goal, re-
gardless of an occasional sprain or a
bat on the nose. That's Pittsburg
fashion and Pennsylvania fashion, and
there are costlier schools to learn it in
than the foot ball field. Let us have
foot ball clean and manly, without
brutality, by all means, but deliver us
from a generation of mollycoddles,
even at the expense of an occasional
Discretion the Better Part of Valor.
From the Philadelphia Evening Herald.
Tae Morocco episode is not drawing
10 a close. The Sulian has managed
to pacity his Ritfs—not to mention the
riff raft which is also nis—by means ot
large promises of things to come, and
this, together with the presence of 25,
000 Spanish soldiers, has induced the
hostile tribes around Melilla to think
fighting decidedly bad form. Bat his
Sultanic majesty has yet to settie with
Spain. Indemnity in the shape of
money may be asked, but as the Mor-
occian ruler is not overstocked with
good golden shekels, he may have to
sign a deed uiviag away some broad
acres of his coast, But in so doing tie
interference of other European powers
interested in Mediterranean te.ritory
and the diplomacy of acquiring it may
be drawn inty the matter. The "Riffs
have eaten much of the meat from the
bone, but while the bone remains there
will be plenty of jackals around it.
Souvenirs That Didn't Pay.
From the Easton Argus.
Contrary to the expectations of the
World's Fair commissioners thesonven-
ir Columbian coins did not prove to
be extraordinarily popular. There is
a general sentiment for souvenirs of
some great event, but the commission-
ers overestimated that sentiment when
they supposed that the people were
willing to buy, 5.000,000 coins at one
dollar apiece when their face value was
only halt that amount and their bullion
value considerably less. Itis not sur-
prising that many of these coins were
never taken from the United States
treasury, that many have been return-
ed for redemption, and that steps are
being taken looking towards their re-
Profit By This, vir. Gramley.
From the Scottdale Independent.
One of the noticeable things regarding
a county institute program is the small
amount of time allotted teachers to ask
questions or discuss subjects. The en-
ure time almost is given to instructors
who say & great many things—some-
times good, sometimes bad— but not one
of them may touch on the point most
interesting wo some of the teachers.
Nearly every teacher has some special
point he would like instructions on, but
has no opportanity. More time should
be given the teachers that they might
bring up such matters, and a great deal
more practical good wold result to the
schools. Fine theories and instructions
are all right, but don’t al ways meet the
wants of the teachers. /
Der's a Lock on De Chicken Coop
From the Milton Reeccrd.
The laurels upon the brow of Prof.
Garner, the ‘“monkey-sharp,” are in
danger. Prof. Asger Hamerik, direc-
tor at the Peabody conservatory of
music in Baltimore, says that chickens
have a language, which he has partially
mastered. Among other interesting ob-
servations he says that chickens have a
peculiar aversion to colored people. [t
is probably for this reason that chickens
in the south roostso high. Not only do
chickens talk, according to tbe learned
Professor, but they have little songs
which they sing to while away the time.
‘Great is the study of comparative philol-
Is it Cowardice to Proclaim One's
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.
Van Alen thinks so well of his con-
tribution to the Cleveland campaign
fund and Cleveland thinks so well of
Van Alen that the embryonic minister
surprises the country by showing that
his only reason for resigning the office
18 a deficiency in moral courage. To
the list of his offenses which have been
made public he now voluntarily adds
moral cowardice. The country has
ness, sincerity and ability.
made a lucky escape.
Spawls from the Keystone,
—An anti-Prohibition league flourishes af
— Pottsville people are sleighing on tem
inches of snow.
—Lightning strhck John Shaffer's house
Uniontown Monday night. :
—Falling from a roof in Reading,
Paff met a speed, death.
—After hiccoughing 12_gays, Edward
near Lebanon, has recovered.
—Internal revenue receipts at the Pittsburg
office are largely decreasing.
—The Lancaster Lodge of Elks Sunday held
their annual memorial service.
—Joseph Gruver was found dead by his
wife in his dining room at York.
—Freight Conductor William Bercaw was fa-
tally squeezed by cars at Giendon.
—In attempting to mount a train, Joseph
Smith, of Shenandoah, lost both legs.
—In the anthracite coal regions four inches
of snow covered the ground Sunday.
~—A Pennsylvania Railroad train at Newport
ran over and killed Benjamin Kessler.
—Dogs slaughtered 85 turkeys belonging to
Josiah Slack and Mr. Reed near Bristol.
—Rev. W. C. Davis has been installed pastor
of the Minersville Congregational church.
—At Mahonoy City Robert McGrue stopped
in front of an electric car and was killed.
—Reading isto have a sewerage pumping sta-
tion, with a daily capacity of 5,000,000 gations.
—A dispute over cards at Erie, Sunday night
ended in Mike Lameri’s shooting Joria Laone
—Ex-District Attorney Davis’ son, Robert
C., of Lancaster, has been appointed a cadet at
—The fee grabbing case of five Chester po-
liceman was in Court Monday, but no decision
—John Lawler was fatally injured at Packer
Colliery, Shenandoah, while attempting to
mount a car.
—Young Farmer Thomas Bush was arrested
at Easton for the confessed raising of u check
for $10.56 to $80.56.
—A convention of Western Pennsylvania
miners Tuesday resolved to accept 65 cents a
ton for digging coal.
—On the rolls of the Cumberland county
Teachers’ Institute, which met Monday at
Carlisle, were 238 names.
- It was stated Monday that J. O. Johnson,
who was recently lynched at Ottumwa, Ia.
went there from Lancaster,
—Miss Minnie Larrabee, of Susquehanna
coanty, was arrested in Binghampton, N. Y.
for stealing §32 from a friend.
—On Monday the Philadelphia and Reading
Company sh:pped 15,000 tons of eoal from the
Pottsville region to Philadelphia.
—Before he could capture Frank Chess, an
Alles heny City burglar, the officer in pursuit
shattered his hand with a bullet,
—At Bennington, Blair county, in Lloyd’s
coal mine, a 500-pound stone fell upon Joseph
Stanalsky and crushed out his life.
—It has practically bee. decided to have
the entire National Guard of the State en-
campment at Get ysburg next summer.
—Stumbling on the stairs, Mrs, Sarah Me-
Donald, Johnstown, fell upon the lamp she
was carrying and was burned to death.
—The Montgomery ciunty court Tuesday
sent Charles Bendel, of Philadelphia, to the
penitentiary for five years for burglarly.
—Contrary to orders, the Lehigh Valley
Company's mines in the Pottsviile region
were operated Monday and will be to-day.
—Over $18,000 was on Saturday paid to the
3100 employees of the Pennsylvania Steel
Company at Steelton, for two weeks work.
—Strikers drove off a few nov-union miners
from the Snowden and Gastonville mines,
near Pittsburg, and work was not resumed.
—An incendiary’s work failed of its 1 urpose
when his korosene fire, started in an unoceu-
pied house in the heart of Reading, went out
—With a double-barrelled shot-gun Farmer
George Klinger blew his brains out at Hun-
ter's near Ashland, and ended'a long siege of
—Jefferson Dietz, Clifton Heights, Delaware
county, who sued for a divorce, was ordered to
pay the costs and reimburse his wife for her
—John Young, who recently drove a horse
into.a freight train, killing it and smashing
the buggy, was convicted at West Chester of
—While trying to avoid one train near New
Freedom, York county, Luther Powell, of
Oglesby, N. C., was struck and killed by an ex.
press he did not see.
—A big cave-in, due to underlying quick-
sands, has compelled the shutting down of the
iron ore mines of Breok Bros., in Providence,
| Lancaster county.
—Havingto pay more for its water supply
than it agreed to, the Tilt Silk Mill has sued
the members of Pottsville’s Board of Trade
for $2000 damages.
—W. J. Howard, of Philadelphia, with other
property holders, have filed a bill in equity
against the city of Pittsburg to prevent the
widening of Diamond all>y.
—Executive C mmissioner Farquhar says
the Pennsylvania State Building at the
World's Fair has not been sold. Heis still
considering three offers made for it.
—Brigade commanders of the Knights of
Pythias, ineluding those from Pennsylvania,
convened at Washington, D. C., Tuesday to ar-
range for their enacmpment next Angust.
—For testing a steam whistle to be used as
a fire alarm, and thereby breaking up a
Thanksgiving congregation, at Kittanning,
Dr. J. A. Jessop, the inventor, was arrested .
—The German American Title and Trust
Company, of Philadelphia, has appealed the
95 suits brought by workmen at the Werners-
ville Asylum and decided against the com-
—It is said that Mr. and Mrs. Wright, of
Hummelstown, whose daughter, Agnes, was
murdered by Benjamin Tennis, have asked
for tickets to witness the hanging, which will
occur in a few days.
—Charters were Monday granted to the
Monongahela River and Broughton Railroad
Company, capitul, $50,000; and the Eureka
Milling Company, Brockwayville, Jeffersom
county, capital, $15,000.
—The death penalty was Tuesday imposed
in Pittsburg upon Noel Mazon, the French
Anarchist, who had killed Mrs. Sophia Roes.
The woman knew that Mason had planned te
blow up public buildings at Ottawa, Ont.
—Four alleged conductors of a Penn street
lottery in Reading were raided. They sold
cough candy, with concealed checks good for
ag high as $3 each. The prisoners are Henry
Osburn, Richard Hurst, Philip Felder and