Democratic watchman. (Bellefonte, Pa.) 1855-1940, January 20, 1893, Image 1

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Ink Slings.
——'Tis better to give than receive, pro-
vided you pay for what you give.
— Wonder if PEarY ordered that
cold weather when he was up there ?
—The war clouds which Chancellor
CAPRIVI sees lowering over Europe will
more than likely shift after they have
rained some army appropriations.
—CurisTopHER CoLUMBUS and his
crew will be the worst licked men who
aver set foot on American soil—if the
gale of Columbian stamps continues.
--Ripe tomatoes are selliny for one
dollar per pound in New York green
groceries. The price is a little high as
yet to strike terror to the hearts of barn-
storming theatrical people.
—Sam SMALL has given up the evan-
gelistic work and gone back to the At-
lanta Constitution. His christian forti-
tude will doubtless stand him in good
stead when he is taken for the ‘‘horse’”
-—Senator JorN G. Casitas; ex-
Speaker of the House, has accepted the
Treasury portfolio, in CLEVELAND'S
cabinet. Six more men of like calibre
could not but inspire the confidence
cf the masses.
— Uncle Sam will more than likely be
invited to the King of ITtaly’ssilver wed-
ding, which will be celebrated in April,
and we’ll bet he can do more in the ap-
propriate present line than all the rest of
the guests put together.
—Democracy left a legacy of $130,-
000,000 to start the wheels of the
government for Republican successors
in 1889. In March it will get the
machinery back, with all the oil used up
and everything’ ground to destruction
with friction.
— Republican papers that are busying
tkemselves trying to stir up a fight over
the speakership in the Fifty-third Con-
gress, will find out when the time comes
that Democrats will fix the thing up to
suit themselves and there will be satisfac-
tion all sides too.
~-Tt is a pleasure to watch the death
throes of the G. O. P. in Kansas. The
Republican legislators have clung with
determination to every thread of hope,
but the last vestige of power bas slipped
through their hands and they find them-
selves at the mercy of the triumphant
—In the last decade Uncle Sam's
navy has grown from a few old
tubs that would scarcely float to forty-
two modern men of war. What with
such a fleet and nearly every public offi-
cer capable of handling a schooner dare
any power on earth ruffle the feathers
of the American eagle.
—The Democratic State Central Com-
mittee met in Harrisburg, Wednesday
afternoon, and marked its appreciation
of good work last fall by re electing J.
MARSHALL WRIGHT, chairman, and B.
M. Need, secretary. Their experience
in the last campaign will be a valuable
aid in the conduct of future battles.
—Tkhke exigencies of the times demand
a reform in the immigration laws, a re-
form in the monetary laws, a reform in
the road laws, and a reform in all
branches of the state and general gov-
ernment. Inthe former we have no
hope, but there is a time close at hand
when the latter will be carefully looked
—A stiff” strike is that which the
students of a Minneapolis medical insti-
tution bave declared on their professor
in ckarge of the dissecting room. They
want fresher corpses andif itis as cold
out there asit has been here, for the past
month, the professor has a very poor ex-
cuse for having any obnoxious stock on
——Of the 88,000,000 acres of land
in Florida only 3,000,000 acres are
cleared and fit for habitation. About
all the use that the 35.000,000 acres of
barren waste, to be found in the land of
flowers, is put to is to form the basis of
“get rich quick,” ‘corner lot” land
schemes in which northern fools buy ex-
--The great open heart of the Boston
Transcript management is beautifully
manifested in its determination to con-
tinue the salary of J. F. BAKER, an es-
teemed reporter who was killed while
taking care of his paper's interest at a
racent Federal street fire, indefinitely to
his widow. It is such acts of generosity
that brighten life and make mankind
—The comparatively insignificant
committee positions assigned the Re-
publican assemblymen who had the
courage to rebuke their party for the
ANDREWS’ disgrace and to work for
QuAY’sdefeat area monument to the
men who dared to strike at the boss and
lasting evidences of his vindictiveness.
The strong men in the Legislature are
not the ones to be wrapped about the
finger of QUAY and he realizes that his
political existence would be short lived |
if they should once get on top.
VOL. 38.
BELLEFONTE, PA., JAN. 20, 1893.
NO. 3.
How Should Senators Be Elected ?
The action of the Honse committee
on the election of president, vice presi-
dent, and members of Congress, in
voting to bring the resolution offered
by Mr. TuckER, of Virginia, by which
he provides for the election of U.S.
senators by a direct vote of the people,
up for consideration, on the next sus-
pension day, will donbtless incite more
than a passing interest. The growing
conviction in the minds of many of the
ablest men of the country to-day is
that some change should be made
whereby a State’s representatives, in
the upper house of Congress, will not
be men who have either bought their
seats or secured them, to themselves,
through political wire-pulling.
When the power of electing the
senators was placed in the hands of
the respective State legislatures it was
thought that the State legislators
were in a position to judge better who
was most capable of filling the office
than the whole people would be. But
since there has come to be so much
corruption in the conduct of State
governments, and eince Legislatures, in
so many States, have become the
mechanism of one man—Penuosyl-
vania’s for example, this proposed
transfer to the people is a matter
worthy of deepest consideration.
There can be no doubt that the
people are indirectly responsible if
their State's representative in Congress
18 pot a man thoroughly qualified and
competent to make an efficient and
dignified official: They elect the Leg-
islature and know when they vote for
their legiclative candidate, that he
favors a certain aspirant for the sena.
torship. If he favors a man whom
the voter does not want to endorse it is
a very simple matter to vote for anoth-
er legislator. Thus the election of
the senator is really in the hands of
the people as it is. But the trouble
lies in the fact that so many people
never come to understand that when
they vote for their assemblymen or
senator they are practically voting for |
a U. S. senator also. And unfortu-
nately the balance of power seems to
be with this class.
Pennsylvania has been disgraced
before the world and the Union by
the unfortunate predicament in which
she bas been placed by her represen-
tatives in the upper house of Congress,
The second 1n rank of the States is
totally eclipsed by the lowest when it
comes to drawing a comparison be-
tween their respective senators. And
why, is such a condition possible ?
Simply because MATTHEW STANLEY
Quay—the acknowledged boss poiiti-
cal trickster of the country, and when
that is said all is said,—holds the
whip-hand of our Legislature. It
suits his purposes to go to the Senate
and his henchmen, subservient, com.
plaint fools, dance to send him there,
It is just such abuse of the legisla-
tive prerogative, as we find here in our
own State, that Mr. Tucker's bill is
intended to defeat. Though the peo-
ple of Pennsylvania have known
Quay for years and known only too
well his glaring unfitness for the high
office to which he bas himself chosen:
and really have no one to blame for
the disgrace he has brought upon
them but themselves, the national gov-
ernment does well to protect itself
against the possibility of such iucom-
petents being sent to run it.
The WarcuMaN has very little
sympathy for Pennsylvania. It has
been protesting for years against such
a disgrace, but all to no avail. The
people go right on electing Quay
assemblymen thereby continuing him
in office. He has Pennsyivania by the
throat and from present indications
will retain his hold. It is to be hoped
that if the new measure becomes a
law our people will rise up as they
did against DELAMATER and effectually
equelch the leech that has sucked the
best blood of the State and lefi its
organization polluted and broken down.
It would be far more difficult task
for incompetent millionaires — from
whow the Senate has so materially
suffered already—to buy a State,
than a majority ina Legislature, and
political theives would find the people
more watchful of public interest and
honor, in this matter, than willing
legislators, who betray their trust and
sacrifice their honor for the spoils of
the bosses to whom they trade their
| votes,
| handed proceeding.
Bexsamin L. Hawirr, although the
Improving Its Character,
Within the past year there was
shown a disposition to improve the
character of our State Legislature by
electing to that body men who had
had previous experience as legislators
and had established a reputation for
ability in that capacity. In a number
of localities persons ot this description,
in both parties, were brought forward
again for legislative honors, giving
promise ot a break in the dead level of
mediocrity, or, rather inferiority that
has in too large a measure, in recent
years, characterized the selection of
our State lawmakers.
To those who wished for a higher
order of legiclative ability and integri-
ty this movement was a source of grati-
fication, and they regarded with much
satisfaction the nomination, for one or
the other of the two branches of the Leg
iclature, of such experienced but retir.
ed veterans as R. J. MoNaGHAN, GEo-
L. Hewirr and some others whose
election brought back to the legisla
tive halle of the State, an element of
which, in these later times, there has
been entirely too much of a deficiency.
This element has already exhibited
its worth as an elevating i: fluence, af-
fecting the character of the Legisla-
ture. When that outrage, probably
as great a one as was ever perpetrated
in a legislative body, the seating of
ANDREWS, in defiance of precedence
and decency, was committed with dis.
graceful precipitancy, it was engineer-
ed by that low order of Representa.
tives which under the demoralizing
influence of boss rule and machine
politics has coma too largely to the front
and obtained too much of an ascen-
dency in our State capitol. But after
it was done, und the better element re-
covered from its amazement at such a
reckless infraction of long established
precedent, it was some of these old
members, influenced by the traditions
of a former period when they were ac-
| gether, and try toamount to stink:
customed to more decent practices, that |
raised their voices against this high-
Jonx Cessna and
wrong had been done by members of
their own party, were the first and | to give out.
londest in condemning it, and it was
largely on account of their protest and
denunciation that the case has been |
so placed on the calendar that the ' Monday, the extremities in which a po-
right in the question has a chance of
"vent them from doing this, but it will
being vindicated. i
Already there is a demonstration of | row limit. The learned judge advised
what will be gained for good legisia- | the urs that policemen were {aking
tion and a higher order of legislative | entirely too many rights upon them.
prccedure, and to what extent the rep-
utation of the State and the interest of |
its people will be promoted, by the
elevation of the standard of character
in the personnel of our State Legisla-
—— The Altoona Tribune happily
struck the truth when it said “a ser.
mon that can be delivered in fifteen
minutes must be the product of a mas-
ter band at condensation or it will con-
tain nothing of value. The people are
always willing to listen to a lecture, an
address or a sermon if the man who de-
livers it has the facuity of presenting
original thoughts in an attractive and
stimulating style. The minister who
tires his congregation has misunder-
stood his call.” Just so. If the
church goers who are incessantly com-
plaining about the length of their min-
ister’s sermons knew anything them-
selves they would realize that it is an
absolute impossibility to do any text,
that can be taken from the Bible, jus.
tice in fifteen minutes or for that mat-
ter, in twice the time. If there jwas
more Christianity and earnestness in the
desire to study the truth, and less go-
ing to church for appearance sake,
there would be less complaint about
tiresome preachiers. Of course we are
willing to admit that many of them do
overdo the thing, but as the Tvibune
says ‘they have misunderstood their
——The death of Ex-President
Rurnerrorp B. Haves, which occurred
at his home in Fremont, Ohio, Tuesday
evening, removes a character whose
prominence was acquired entirely
through political chicanery. His ad-
ministration was characterized as most
commonplace and his questionable
wpethod of acquiring the presidency
placed a stigma on his alter lite which
even the memory of his brilliant mili-
tary record cannct wipe out,
The Factious City Democracy.
The Philadelphia Democrats have
made their city nominations, and have
ventured to put up tickets in such of
the wards as offer a show of their get-
ting a councilman or some inferior
ward officer ; but they go into the con-
test greatly handicapped by existing
circumstances and conditions. The
greatest obstacle to success is the divid-
ed conditions of the eity Democratic
organization, notwithstanding that it is
in the minority, it suits the factious
purposes of the leaders to make that
minority a divided one, thus making
weakness doubly weak.
With a well organized, united, har
monious and alert Democratic organi-
zation in the city at this time, although
in the minority, much could be ac-
complished by it inthe coming munic
ipal election against the corrupt Re-
publican ringsters with whose misgov-
ernment the citizens are thoroughly
disgusted. The City Hall steal would
alone be enough to bring defeat upon
the local Republican tickets, which are |
of the usual machine patterns, wearing
the Quay-car marks ; but unfortunately
there is no united and vigorous Pemo-
cratic organization to take advantage
of the situation and inspire the citizens
with confidence in its ability to oyer-
throw the ringsters who have the city
government by the throat.
How long do the Democratic factions
in Philadelphia intend to go on fight
ing? Haven’s they whituled down the
strength of the party in that hailiwick,
to a sufficiently fine point? Are they
not satisfied with the ridiculous dis
play that was made by the Democratic
yote in the city at the last election?
When they have reduced the strength
of their organization to so low a con-
dition that they can’t elect a single
city officer, nor a single State Senator,
and buttwo Representatives in a dele-
gation of thirty-eight, ien’t it about
time that they stop fighting, and get to:
Their factions disposition may pre-
not prevent them from putting in a full
cliim to the Federal offices which
CLEVELAND'S administration will have
—— In an opinion handed down by
Judge Gorpoy, in Philadelphia, on
lice officer is lawfully permitted to use
fire arms were brought to a very nar-
selves and he deemed it time to stop
them. The decision arose from a case
for damages brought by a man named
McCarty against policeman SriLgs,
who had shot McCarTuy in the back,
while he was trying to escape arrest.
And the judge concluded his charge as
follows : “It seems to me that it
ought to commend itself to the sound
judgment of the layman, as well as the
technical approval of the lawyer, that
a police officer has ne right to shoot a
citizen whose utmost offense is eseap-
ing from arrest. I ought to say also
that it has been said that the ' plaintiff
and his two companions were drunk.
Public drunkenness is not an offense
calling for the use of a deadly weapon
Profane language used to a police offi-
cer is no greater, not 80 great, as such
an indignity put upon a private citizen,
and there is nothing in the law or in
the office of a policeman which would
justify him in having a nice puoctil-
1ousness about his person or his dignity.
He may, however, in arresting a per-
son, use all the force needful to con-
summate his arrest.”
——The WaTcuMAN does not want
to be misunderstood in its motives for
the repeated urging of the township
auditors to get tneir arrangements for
the Spring elections well in hand. It
knows that unless the thing is look-
ed after at once there will be plenty of
Districts without tickets when the day
of election comes along. It will take
all the printing offices in the county to
to do the work in the time allowed by
the new Baker law and they must be
prepared with paper and other stock:
Too insure the printing of the tickets
in time auditors should leave their
orders now 80 the printer can be ready
when the names of candidates are
—Subscrit.e for the WATCHMAN.
Jackson on Pensions,
From the Cleveland Plain Dealer.
President Andrew Jackson certainly
could not be accused of want of sym-
pathy for the old soldiers of the country
but he placed himselt on record in the
matter of pensions in a way that cannot
be misunderstood. In his message to
congress in 1834 he said: “I recom-
wend that an actual inspection should
be made in each State into the circum.
stances and claims of every person now
frawing, a penson. The honest veteran
has nothing to fear from. such scrutiny,
while the fraudulent claimant w:ll be
detected and the public Treasury re-
lieved to an amount I have reason to
believe far greater than has heretofore
been suspected.
That is exactly what the advocates
of pension reform are now suggesting.
They recommend an actual inspection
into the circumstances and claims of
every person drawinga pension. That
recommendation is urged by soldiers
who are indignant at the way in which
pensions bave been given to the un-
worthy, and to those who have no more
claim on the public funds, than the
millions of others who get nothing out
of the Treasury whizh they have been
taxed to fill, They know that the
honest veteran has nothing to fear from
such scrutiny.
It Might Be “Just the Thing.
From the Wilkesbarre Union: Leader.
As a means of bringing the Euro-
pean govarnment to time on the cur-
rency question the Boston Commercial
Bulletin suggests : “If the advocates
of continuing the purchase of silver
bullion contend that more currency is
needed by the country, let the govern-
ment purchase gold instead and issue
certificates on that, It has been sug-
gested that the purchase of $5,000,000
worth of gold bullion per month by
the T reasury, instead of silver, would
have a marvellous eflect in quickly
compelling Earope to meet the currency
‘question and settle the problem equit-
ably. There is no doubt of that, and
the plan would also have the addition
al recommendation that it would im-
prove the quality of our currency,”
God Save the Queen.
From the-Altoona Times.
While the French republizis engaged
in a life and death struggle with its tra-
ditional foes, precipitated by the cor-
ruption of its public men, less sttention
is being paid to an event in England,
which has caused great suffering
among the lower middle class. This
was the collapse of the Liberator Build-
ing society, after 1t had swindled its
stockholders out of no less than $35,
000:000: This immense loss falls al-
most entirely upon poor people, who
bad been induced to invest their sav-
ings in the society. Sad as is this ca-
lamity, none of its victims are agitating
for the overthrow of the government.
Evident Mistaken Identity.
From the Baltimore A American.
Omaha must be atine place. A
missionary who had spent with safety
many years among African savages is
in that city for a briet vacation. Night
before last he and his wife were walk-
ing along the streets of the metropolis,
and, of course, admiring the splendid
evidences of civilization, when both
were sandbagged and robbed. Per:
haps they now feel like leaving Omaha
and going back to Africa.
Why We Got the Seum.
From: the Somerset Herald.
Colonel Weber, the Commissioner
of immigration, says that with an edu-
cational test 57.000 of the 275,000 im-
migrants over 12 years old admitted to
this country between Feb. 1 and Nov.
1, 1892, would have been excluded :
and with a money test of $100 for each
immigrant, 194,000 out of 202,000
would have had to turn back to Europe.
The Wind Must Have Whispered
Through His Whiskers.
From the Northampton Democrat—Easton, Pa.
The latest joke about Senator Petter,
of Kansas, is that he has reversed his
Senate. When first elected he iuten-
ded that the Democratic party should
act with him. He vow thinks that he
will act with the Democratic party.
We Must Have Intelligence at Any
From the DuBois Express.
Governor Pattison would make short
work of the optional text book system,
He tells the Legislature to make free
text books the law and require all
School Boards to furnish them for the
same reason that they furnish houses,
furniture, or any other necessities for
school work.
A Rebuke From Home.
From the Titusville Citizen.
The dishonest aud unmanly antics
‘of Wm. H. Andrews at Harrisburg
i this week will prove a stinging and las-
ting disgrace to the fair City of Titus-
* ville, which be claims as his home.
They All Sing the Same Song,
From the Columbia Herald.
The sum and substance of most of
the farewell messages ot Republican
Governors are about the same as those
of Mr. Harrizou’s—I everlastingly hate
to let go, but [ suppose I must.
Spawls from the Keystone,
—Norristown will have a new bank,
—An express cut to pieces two Italian coal
miners at Greensburg.
—Small pox has broken out anew inseveral
places in Berks county.
—The State Editorial Association will meet
at Harrisburg on the 26th.
—Diphtheria keeps the Lickdale, Lebanon
county, public schools locked.
—A fall of coal in a mine near Shamokin,
broke Henry Kashner's back.
—A locomotive at South Bethlehem killed
Mrs John Water, 60 years old.
—Sleighs were driven over the ice Saturday
from Bristol to Burlington, N. J,
—Machinery bas been put in a Lebanon fac-
tory that turns out 120,000 pills a day.
—An engine bumped down a wall at Harris.
burg which buried George Brown alive.
—Jack Frost Friday suspended all the ac-
tive colleries in the Shenandoah region.
—Three of Samuel Van Norman's children,
of Easton, died of diphtheria within a week.
—It is supposed that John Tobias, found
dead in his house near Tremont, was frozen.
—John C. Beck, formerly of Philadelphis,
is to give Orwigsburg its eighth shoe factory.
—George Smith, slleged to be oneof the
Longswamp (Berks County) bandits is in jail:
—The $200,000 capital for the new Reading
National Bank, at Reading, has been sub-
—Horsemen of Williamsport are arranging
for three days of racing upon the ice on the
—Printers of Reading celebrated the 187th
birthday of Benjamin Franklin with ‘a ban.
—The price of $1000 is put on the head of
themurderer of Postmaster Isaac Dengler of
—Frederick Cone, who is wanted at Athens,
Bradford County, for larceny, was captured in
New York.
—A bridge to cost $26,000 will span the
Schuylkill River at Reading for the electric
railway cars.
—Joel Paul, aged 64, fell from a 60-foot high
trestling, at the Logan Colliery, Ashland, and:
is dying.
—The deficit in the accounts of. City Treas..
urer Obold, of Re.ding, as reported, amount
to $13,750.
—In a Iinife machine at the Conestoga Cork
Works, Arthur Sheaffer had his hand and arm
clipped. off.
—Erysipelas necessitated the amputation of
both of the feet of Mrs. Patrick Devers,
Mauch C hunk.
—Scandal in the City Treasurer’s office at
Reading has resulted in a reform ticket for
city offisials.
—Miner John Rushko was crushed to death
betweers two trains of mine cars at’ Hazleton
Colliery, No. 5
—For killing Mike Gulatto, near-Audenried,
in August, Mike Dudore will spend over 11
years in prison.
—Rev. T. F. Land, of Meadville, has been
chosen pastor of the First Reformed Church,
of South Bethlehem.
—8. G. Bettes, who calls himself “the cow-
boy evangelist,” is waging war: en Sunday
stores at Bradford.
—Altheugh-struck by a train and hurled 30
feet, Daniel Jenkins, of Shamokin, escaped
with a broken leg.
—A stiek of dynamite he was thawing kiil-
ed Joseph: Craddock, of near Uniontown, and
injured several others.
—Benzine exploded in C. As Carpenter's
dye Harrisburg, and his wife and
daughter were basly burned.
—Twelve foxes and two catameunts have
been killed during the past season by Adam
Kraig, of Schuylkill county.
—Chambersburg Republicans held their
primaries and Burgess George FH. Wood will
be unanimously renominate d..
—For the loss of his child by a street car J.
E. Johnson, of Reading, recovered $1900 frcm
the City Passenger Railway.
—James Madden, who killed his nephews
John Kennedy, at Steelton, was convicted of?
murder in the second degree.
—H-~1fa dozen Reading men have cut away
the drifts and rolled a public road for five
miles to-have a snowy speed way.
—A challenge to swim the Lehigh River: at:
Bethlehem when the ice thaws out, for: $50:
has been offered by J. H. Kramer.
—An.additional charge of man slaug hter, was.
made Friday against Dr Gailford, of Lebanon
accused of causing a girl's death.
—Twenty towboats and a hundred coal boats.
are frozen up at Pitisburg, and rivermen fear
a great loss when the ice flood comes.
—While baking pies the clothing of Miss:
Laura Bordy, of Hambuazg, caught fire and: she:
and. her father were severely burned.
—Mrs. Annie Enders, of Harrisburg, wants.
$20,600 from her divorced husband's. father
becanse she gave him her son, now a man,
—A train struck the team of Joseph IL.
Knettle, of Mechanicsburg, killing a herse
andjbreaking the drivers, leg in three places
—Eleven heirs will get the $16,000,000. estate
of the late J. H. Hays, of Pittsburg, of which
3 i il : | Miss Stella Hays will receive about. $3,000,00(«
ideas about his political status in the | ¥ ?
— An unele that he had never heard of died
in Wyoming eounty and bequeathed John
Harkless, Centre township, Indiana county
—Foster Hoover, a Pennsylvania Railroad
employe, stepped from one track te ancther
in front of a train at Sunbury and was instant-
ly killed.
—Stock holders of the Backus Manufacturing
Company, of Philadelphia and Williamsport,
increasad its capital by $100,900, and the total
i8 $350,000.
—James Worden, who helped steal 100
horses and carriages in Eastern Penn sylvania
made an unsuccessful atterapt to dig! out of
the Easton jail.
—The International Association of Plaster-
ers, meeting at Pittsburg, elected Robert Ten:
ary, of that city, president, and Robert Quay,
of Philadelphia, a vice president.
—An ordinance just passed by Council im-
poses a fine of $6 upon a conductor or engin-
eer who blocks up a street crossing in ‘Tunk-
hannock for more than three minutes.
—President Harrison appointed the follow
ing postmasters: James M. Perrin, Chart iers;
Joins)n D. Neely, Derry Station , Mrs. Susan
M. McEwan, Oakdale Station; Joseph E.
Mitehell, State College.
—Two passenger cars and baggage car’ were
derailed on the Quarryville Railroad south of
Lancaster, but the safety ohains prevente d a
roll down the embankment,