Newspaper Page Text
r: WM. FUST!! WM.Jt.fffT
WM, PLWTI '
WM. PLOT !
IK ONE DOLLAR SAGO. ’
lid Assortment of Jewelry, rywMlni
BRACELETS, CAMEO aKtiS."* 1
From: trt’li ted ChilM, GdMm&Mffed
r Mil any gilt, aim nr tfniyi.
Id by the best Jewelers aa HBUltini!
»ds from the beat Gold jesralry
ARK FORCED TO SELL I -
ARE FORCED TO BALL. I
ARE FOECED TO SELL,
ily a partial list ef our Imiaenaa ataafc .
S rot-R CHOICE FOR
YOUR CHOICK FOE $l.
udid Cameo Seta, Ueueral Ratal!
lira do %
nulled and Coral do , 7 to 2
and Carbuncle do - VES
and Ruby 'do ■.* t*jK
Crape Setting ante do U tOdHft
do Vaao do . ido |0 IqA) -
do Jet Bctd» do' ftte lS
Block 31u*oic do fttols
Uold Stone Mo*oic do ft to te
Calico Seta. do
it*. pritb brilliants, do # td«S
uewtlyle, do B|bS
luster do do lO'te S
do ft ta »
0 Gold Pens and Catos, *lo ft
ated Sj*tX»UB, ft AQ
Cerent «Iylea Ladieft’ T<, ** T 'Tl Wlil|l
cri).H and sixes; Lockett of mb
>• 14 karet, with Silver SstMtur
t, Sk-cvi.t Buttons, Sfadt, 4c., *c,;<Jor.
Baihl Bmcckts; Gents’ I'oit Chains,
<<" ten yearn without chang tegeefcc,
are usually *©W by Jewelers
-all made In Farit. Yon cn Ute
ch. Ladies’ and Gents* GaantChahu.
1 by Jewdyr* at from $5 to
\ >‘»*ck ChaJni, bcanlifufjisett-
t wiled and ruby setting?;
$1 cach« retail price* fromftft ii
Hgmul variety of Jeweliy ami dtoirs-
will continue t ~-g rmiM|h
which was purcbeeelttn
Slanufuctarera who have fiUlad.
a ai'MC£ IVS $1 ESCB. :
■l A L NOTICE.
B BKND MONEY.^gr
place of Koudencu, ConntTkaS
k--‘. «■! can nuke nothing out
li WAX, Envelope*aealodwlthnom
li.v opch'«l—the consents taken out
p to ‘hi,., and wo will be responsible
r.M F.NTH TO AGENTS.
who will send us atone
«*>W Hunting Caw TTstch,extra.
Ov;M Lnver Watch.
U'!cd selected from the aboreXiatat
(ril-nut tend $1 and IS cent. ui
f. E US A TRIAL,
y must beaddressodto
No. SOT Marfc.t Street,
"taken (be nttabiUhment
•?■»..') w u uM respectfully ks« ~ - ‘
■ ( Altoona and vicinity,
U.E AND RETAIL |Hu
\MtK d STOrSSTOSX^WfCSt
1 Anulo street, between QartMtai
iihi'imi, w),er« ha wtUkeapconatnav
s irtmeut of everything lu hta ltoo,
i l oa reasuopblo tenu.
tlie ulao maantactan*
'» salil to be much .uperior to at
I a cr(.[..‘r-»mithlng nmn to bil M
<*P uu luud an aaeortmeat of cap
k promptly attended ta.
Uo4»se ia respectfully eotkited.
ill A WATCH’AND
lor of Quarry
■used the v
■keep a large «Mortn>«ot «f d*kt
r American; RngUfk Aha fhrlin injati*
Celebrated makers, la to
Ways on band (and »*deu order) ia
k!!)-. Silverahd Sfl w PUMnff,
hd asgurtment of each goods as .sre
M atch and Jewelry Store. ~
ooti those of the SBbSerfl*r»
■generally, are invited fo QsIL Md
Article for their money. Ali in
goods will be sold^^vry—
■ Quick Sola** the motto of tbte
■ LEWIS R. EROOMAIX,
l w Formerly O. Cosnut,
kcoud i:t., cor. of Quarry, Phflada.
| QUESTION WHICH
■nihuf of tvery pon>on“^^^
■u ho ft article *
Hhcr mattera. the fiuh
»* to direct, tut If yon
PQ::)oiion of hi. (toclt aod work
in ac a*sottmontofKooW,Bboj«i
kk.ch iho Offer, at fiiir price*.
BUention lo emtom work, -all of
' .jive eatiafaction. MouehnttlM
uu Virginia tXrtpt, Imm.iUnUty
JOHN n. KOBERXB.
id Grocery Store.
tit read, Cakes, He.
SLGAES and TOBACCO.
;in« Street, below Annie Btr***-
li'-oua aad »icu,ity thMtb*} b«T»
p SHOE SHOP
f-’w i Jjvk Whtlert' Tin Shep^Zatt
I on band a good aia*a Urnw
K' r tcri maxu/actam.
K 'u given to making JUuiie »*
p a share ofpablic
Ic render entire aattttbctloß.
p johit suwor
sul of Crime and Criminal* I* to
!» widely timM nnoAto
* UU tho Ontt Tdato, CrimUg
I'.toriaUon wnto.lgnllM anr
. Matter*, not to be found In toy
i --r annum; M for *U month*,!*
'£*• ("ho ahotdd write tfcelr to Sim
d Statu where 'they reside aleixrlyl
r> a. v. suaattL *oo^
t. of N ew York Police Queue.
’ , rortCOy.
SHOES.—THE ON* ;
W on bend «nd win -.to.
1 the Uaeonfe Staple. W^B
*; ?■ - ira Jte* °«* aktow.
too meet neeeoebU term*. A)> '
j-ard oae, r
iid.CerttoOn.Ac.y - ,5
tiseal). of Be*dy-M*de
NcOEUM & DEItN,
. VOL. C
»'• r> Ic ' /.
JK. JEJaroaßraMC •
Kew-York Benevolent Infirmary,
ESTABLISHED 1856, «
Adu dcTntod to The Cause qf Medical Keforn ; to tho D\f‘
fusion of Medical Knowledge fur the Trercniiou of -pfrease,
»nd to tho relief of those aufforlDK and afflicted with Chro
llc aud Virulent Disorders. To IM* end U»U Infirmary is
endowed, to riiablo tho si<& »nd suffering throughout tuo
length and breadth of cm* land, to a*okl the
Draat Extortion, and tyncrance. of professed Physicians,
through which thousands amiteas of thousands annually
following art sumo of the diseases we euro, not only
nt the Infinnarv but in all parts of our country :
Oonsumplwn.and Pulmonary Complaints, Fevers* Scrof
ula, Dyspepsia, Eye and Kar Disease, Cancers and other
Tumors, Jaundice am! piverComplaint, Seminal Weakness,
ttud all diseases of the Urinary and Sexual Organs, from
whatever cause or whatever nature. Our object will be to
civs joy to tho afflicted by effecting in all cases u speedy cure.
* Our rulo is to charge nothing for advice and written
■c-riptldus; but will furnish when requested the very best
medicines at tho lowest rates.
These remedies ore prepared iu our own Laboratory, un
der the care of able Chemists, and aro the most reliable
tnown to science, including all the recent discoveries.
To all addressing u-< by letter, containing full account of*
symptoms a,id appearances of disease, age, occupation, 4c.,
wo will write a candid nply, with advice and directions
lor care, Any fees sent us when sending for advice will be
devoted to furnishing medicine for Un- poor. In nil cases
medicine caa be sent by mail or express if desir ed. Send
Lr one or mow of our works and judge for yourself**.
Also published at the Infirmary, to aid these objects,
THE FAMILY PHYSICIAN,
G utaiitiag simple remedies easily obtained for ibo care of
Diseases Id all 1U forms, with full explanations of tbo
causes, symptoms, diet, bathing and exercise. Price 50 cts.
THE LADIES’ MEDICAL FRIEND,
AND THE PHYSIOLOGY ON MARRIAGE.
A work on the causes symptoms and treatment of all
ouaiplaiiiU peculiar Co tbo sex, on marriage, its dutien,
dbortion ami its results, on .Children, their ills, and on tbo
prevention of conception, with Invaluable Instr uctions to
them on subject* of a private nature. Price 25 cent*.
The Gentlemen’s Medical Companion,
AND PRIVATE ADVISER.
A book for tbe old and young, embracing the Patkolcgy.
Prevention and Cure of all Diseases of ibo Urinary andSex
uti Organs, and u warning voice of advice and counsel, such
ui to be found iu no other work. Price 25 cents.
- THE GUIDE AND, GUARD
ii' POB EVERY 0«p.
It exposes all the Humbugs and the various Tricks to
eatice tho sick and well. It illustrate* tbo plana' of the
Quacks and Rogues to dupo every one. It guides the un
wwr through life, and shows up every swindle of the age.
U skews how all kinds of Pood, Medicine*, Liquors and
Goods are adulterated, , with the means of detecting the
frauds.' Price 25 cent*-.
THE HOUSEHOLD AND FARM,
PLANTATION AND SHOP.
For every family, having over 1000 receipts on Cooking,
Preserving, Dyeing, Cleaning, Ac. Dow to plant and what
Is the best to raise. How to euro animals, advice tohouse
keepers, farmers and mechanics, on 1000 subjects of inter*
rtt. Price 25 cunts. Worth $lO to any one.
THE CONSUMPTIVE BOOK.
ror_thc.se who wish to get well from that awful disease,
a full'description Of all the remedies , used ior it, with a
careful statement of the results, and other useful Informa
tion. Price 10 cents.
The information In them is not to be found in dnjrwoiks
published, nor obtainable from any other source. These
books are published on fine white paper, and beautifully
Any of the above works will bo mailed free, on receipt of
wlce, in stamps, or money; or the whole m a handsomely
bound voldmefor om: dollar. No family should be w ith
cut them. They are illustrated with beautiful engravings,
ttui contain the condensed experience of years.
Agents Wanted‘for. the above works, who can make $lOO
a month. Send for a circular for agents.
To tbe young ol both sexes suffering from sectat habits;
prostration of mind; lots of power; nervous debility; loss
of bightwakefulness: love of solitude; eruptions on the
face. Ac., kf. Send brfere it is too laic; before you suffer
incurable damage to both body and mind.
To Females who want safe, pleasant and sure remedies
fur Irregularities,'Obstructions, Whites, Ac- send to us.
c arc convinced that there are many parent* of scrofu-
I'us, consumptive and diseased condition to wham a nu
merous offspring only brings suffering and poverty. To
*ucb wc would s;aj write, and wc will scud information of
a rare, welPietitud, and never-filling P&evektzvc.
We will mail free, to any one applying for it,
THE JOURNAL OF MEDICAL JI^FORM.
*?,* aaii . dutiful paper, and contains the njo*t
valuable information on Spormatorho-'a, or Seminal Weak
ness. Tba cause, effects and cure, showing the awful ef
forts of the dist-See, ■ r
0u all other diseasee of the Sexual Organs, a Tull expla
nation of the origin of Syphilis, the means of prevention
aad cure. \
On Consumption, that fearful disease.
On the Liver,lßail, Stomach and Hkijv
On Female Complaints.
Ou tbo various Schools of Medicines.
On the modes of Treatment now practised.
Oq the False Treatment of iUscasos.
On the various Medical Humbugs.
On the Physiology of Marriage.
Ou tbo Common sense of Medicine.
Du Ditit, Exercises, and Ablation.
Hew the Phy-dciau should Le.
1% to prevent Pregnancy. ,
Ana many other things. Send for it.
This journal should bo in the hands of evory one.
Rtssm,, M. D n A. M., Chief Phvbiclan. S. S’. Md&rls,
burgeon. Pr. J. Boyle, Chemist. ”
Office In New Yorlt, 151 Chambers street.
Office in WniiaTnrtmrgh, South sth and 6lh streets. \
< Curr*;!jpcin(j t .nts will please enclose two or three stamps
*ur return postage, and address
DR. A. BEUNEY, Secretary,
(Box 141.) Williamsburg, New York.
POCO METAL 1C PAINT,
PQUAL TO 11ED LEAD AND 75 per
j* - CSnt, cheaper—stands iiOO decree* hef\L—»wurrautnl
water proof and W iU neither lade nor X Ji YoV
S7fi4Jf &OILKRS .WD p/PW (»j<? hot nt? *>c«
//eOA-.tA-i) DRJCK FRO.\TKTI\ ROOF 1“’
SKIP DECKS. PLUMPERS’ JOlS’tS.
IE oy FOUNDERS PA TIER XX *
<fc., <fc., <fc.
i’or graining and staining equal to Turk
ish Umber. t
COLORS ere Umber Brown Lake, Olive Indian Red and :
clt «: °|l? *1®?“*“? JP:" 1 "entod in every town and
Clrcn?J*V P B . tat ”‘ , Term » accommodating. J’or
'-ircnitr*, Ac., apply to or addseet to
M«r«b2ldtm. Xo. 133 X. 4th NdludeTpliia.
v COSFECTIOS ERT
Z £SJL? f A’hwna end vicinity that hi.
™roVwViu;£ Er ’ ,nd IKDJT STORE, iaalway.
1U l^aT^M 8 * " UCIeS to be bld ’ ’ U ‘ d i 0 **»*
OUSTERSia f lo ’, lD ba will btrre up I’EIME
i» . * ieix nvitt, - e t
f yr V n TL*“ *Jnu» prepared to supply cakes, candies. Ac.,
V’ ■ T *»® Bodugger.
j JdJt patented, u something at
h°Ver. h«forortß*eato agent*. Wto ore
T ? r 7y tl ? rt - Erilprctlctuat* *ont fret. V Address
SiIAW XfcLAHK.Blddlfert, fftee
Trunks of all descriptions
n«atlr * e a expcdichualy executed at tbu office
otJ. bnced nurse and female physician
present* to the attention of toothers her .
FOR CHILDREN TLBTHINO,
which great))' facilitates the process of teething, by soften
ing the gums, rodocing all inflamutiou, will almv pain and
apasnfalic action, and is nire in reguliic ihe Bowels
Dtpes>d upon it mothers, it will giie rest to yourselves,
and ifeli qf and Health, to you Infants.
. W** have put up ami sold thla article for over ten years,
andean say, la confidence and truth of it, what we have
never been able to say-of any other medicine—never has it
foiled,.in a tingle instance, to effect a cure, when timely
used. Never did we know an Instance of dissatls&ctkm by
any one who used it, On tba contrary, all are delighted
with Its operations, and speak in terms of highest commen
dation of its magical effect* and medical virtues. We speak
of this matter “what We do know,” after ton voars’ oxpe
hoace, and pledge our reputation for the fulfilment of what
we here declare. In almost every instance where the in/
font is suffering from pain and exhaustion, relief will bo
found in fifteen or twenty minutes after the jvrup Is ad
This valuable preparation is the proscription of one of
the most experienced and skillful nurses iu Now England,
and has been used with never-foiling success in thousands
It not Only relieves ibo cl»i}J from pain; but invigorates
the stomach and bowels, corrects acidity, and gives tone
and energy to Iho whole system. It will almost instantly
relieve Griping in the Howets and IFtim Colic, and over
come couvnlsoins, which, if not *pn<hly remedied, end in
death. We believe it the best and surest remedy In the
world, in all cases of Dysentery ami Diarrhoea in children,
whether it arises from teething or Irom any other cause.—
Wo would any to every mother - who bus a child sufiWing
from any of the foregoing complaints—do not let your pre
judices, nor the prejudices of others, stand between your
suffering child&nd the xolief that will be sure—.yes, abso
lutely sure—to follow tho use of this medicine, If timely
nsod. Full directions for using will accompany each bot
tle. None genuine unless the fac-simllo of CURTIS A
PERKINS, New Yurki is on the outside wrapper.
Sold by Druggists throughout the world, ami by G, W.
Kcsskr and A. Roush, druggists, Altoona. Price 23 cents
Principal Office, No. 13 Cedar street, N. Y.
July 12, ISQO.-ly.
WHEELER & WILSONS
f SEWING $
I m&mmm. I
R. A. O. KERR,
I ALTOONA; pa., j
5 Agent for Blair County, g.
rpHESE MACHINES ARE ADMIT-
I to ho tho best ever offered to tlio puhlio, and their
superiority is eatiofuctorlij established by the luct that iu
the last eight years.
Over 14,000 More
of these Machines have been sold than of any other man
ufactured, and'more uhxluls have been awarded tho pro
prietors by different Fans and Institutes than to any oth
ers. Tho Machines arc warranted to do all that is claimed
for them. They are now In Use Iu several families in Al
toona. and in every case they ; give entire satisfaction.
The Agent refers those desiring information os the su
periority of the Machines, to Col. John L. Piper. Rev. A.
R. Clark, George llawkcsworth, Bcnj. F. Rose, and E. H.
The machines can be seeu ami exmumed at the store of
the Agent, at Altoona. *v.
Price of No. I Machine, ailvxr plated, glass foot and new
style Ilcmmer—s6s. No. 2, ornamental bronze, glass foot
and now stylo No. 3,.phun, with old style
Ilommer—sls. [March 21, ISfll-tf.
Pays the entire co«»t for Tuition in the most popular and
successful Commercial School in the Country. Upward of
twelve hundred young men' from twenty-eight different
States, hive been educated for husim ra here within the
paet three years, some t>f whom have been employed as
Book Keepers at salaries of
immediately hpon graduating, who knew nothing
counts when they entered lh© College. \
.. Minister’s sons half Students enter at anv
time, and review when they please, without extra charge.
For Catalogue of 84 pages, fifpecimens of Prof. Cowley’s
Business and On amenta! Peufnanship, and & largo engra
ving of the College, inclose fwcutyjfivc cents iu Postage
Stamps to tho Principals, '
JENKINS £ SMITH, Pittsburgh, Pa.
.Altoona, Jan. 24, *Gt-lyv
VAbLADE & LTEWART
WOULD RESPECTFULLY IN
FORM tho puhlio that they have fitted up a neat
On Cbrner qfOxrolint <f «&*., vWooho, 7h., ,
where they are prepared to take the best PHOTOGRAPHS
ever token in this part of the; country, and on the moat
reasonable terms. We make any kind of a picture from a
SMALL AMBHOTYPE up to L!F£>SIZE PHOTOGRAPH,
painted ;in Oil, Water Valor or India Ink, and also the
MINIATURE. Every typo and large size Oil Painting on
Canvas. Entire ratisfdciion given or'iid'charge. Wehnve
also on hand a large assortment Of tine GILT FRAMES of
different sizes and prices. ■>
We respectfully iiivite the public tocall and examine
our specimens before going elsewhere.
%%• Remember the place, FiyarVt Building, corner of
Caroline and Yirgina Streets. [April 16,1861.-3 m
QERUANTO \YN y FA.
McCALLUM & CO.,
IMPORTERS & WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
Carpeting, Druggets, Oil Cloths,
WAREHOUSE, No 509 CHESTNUT BTUKRT, (opposite
the State House,) PHILADELPHIA.
XjLOHMAS T. ItQOAPS, Ciiabi.es Sauob.
TREtT'EBJB I KIOXJS^J,
(lath KAO IE HOTIL,) 1
Third Street, above Bee,
UUOADB & SAILOR, proprietor a.
, TERMS, »lii PER BAY.
March 7,18C1-ly ‘ ' ; ,
LIHCOLB, WOOD & EICHOLS,
MASOFAOTinUUUi Ikd Ikpobtbbs o»
STRAW AND MILLINERY GOODS,
Silkßphnets, Ttenoh Flowers, ,
Fanatka, Pain Jefif, . Leghorn and Straw : ffittf
XTo. 726 Chestnut Street,
Ami 7JI Lopok filKElir,
March 25.-DUI ’ rUILMILLFUIA
ALTOONA, PA., THURSDAY, JUNE 2p, 1861.
THE ALTOONA TRIBUNE. •
E. B. McCBUM,„ IL C. BERN,
PUBLISHERS AKB PROPRIETORS.
Per annum, (payable invariably In advance,) $1,50
AH papers discontinued at the expiration of the time
paid for. >
' TERMS Of.ADVERTISING. "V
‘ Insertion 2 do. S do.
Four lines or less.. $25 $ 87*4 $5O
One square, ( 8 Hue*) 60 76 1 00
Two , (10 “ ) 100 160 200
Three (24 “ ) 1 60 200 250
Over three weeks and less than three months, 26 cents
per square for each insertion.
3 months. C months. 1 year.
Six lines or less,. .$ 360 $3 00 $6 00
One square, 2 60 4 00 7 00
Two “ 400 600 10 00
Three “ 6 00 8 00 12 00
four « 600 10 00 14 00
Half a column I 10 00 14 00 20 00
Ode column... 14 00 25 00 40 00
Administrators and Executors Notices 1 75
Merchants advertising by the year, three squares,
with liberty to change, : 10 00
Professional or Business Cards, .not exceeding 8
lines with paper, per year 6 00
Communications of a political character or individuaUn
tcrest will be charged according t<» the above rates.
Advertisement not marked with the nnmber of Inser
tion* desired, will be continued till forbid and charged ac
cording to the above terms.
Business notices five cents per lino for every insertion.
Obituary notices exceeding ton lines, fifty cents a square
THE STAR-SPANGLED BANNER.
Ob. t»a.v, Uo you aco what was ouce our delight,
Width waved o’er u laud with prosperity teeming, .
Our cmdgn, which men at their peril would slight,
Wherever ’twaa seen In the breeze boldly streaming?
But now with affright, wo behold a dread sight
In the chaotic gloom of our national night;
Bor focmeu have found for our banner a grave,
In a land no more free, but the liomo of tho slave.
Shall wo be untrue, and mildly succumb,
While ‘‘impious rebels” our Union would sever?
No, .no, wo shill march at the sound of tho drum.
And stand by our Banner both now and forever.
’Tis hard to say ‘ War;” the thought we abhor;
To God wo appeal, as He knows “ what it's for
We fight-that tho.Star-Spanged Banner may wave
t/cr the land of the free ami tho home of the brave.
Shall wo of the North lot it lie in disgrace?
Shull we be the men to allow this dishonor?
Columbia must rise and again take her,placo
Where foes cannot heap their reproaches upon her.
We ? Il stand for the -right, and if wc must fight,
“Here’s at it,” till rebels Are all put to flight;
For the Star-Spangled Banner forever siiai.t. wave
O'er the land of the freehand the home of the brave.
/Vow the Philadelphia Evening Bulletin.
Our National Flag—lts History.
The Stars and Stripes—the red, white
and blue—figures and tints, happily blend
ed in one harmonicas whole, constitute our
National flag, and has won the highest ad
miration from every true-hearted Ameri
Its beautiful proportions and its rich com
bination of colors make it a perfect-gem,
while its essential character, the nation’s
banner, elicits for it a nation’s adoration.
Every American is proud of it; every lov
er of his country is enthusiastic in its praise;
every patriot would defend, it, with the
lasMrop ,of his blood.
At the present time the American flag
is enjoying a perfect ovation. It is an ob
ject ,of special attraction, calling forth the
wildest excitement. The great heart of
the nation;' driven almost to an agony of
desperation from the insult that has been
heaped upon its National banner by the
base ingratitude ot traitors, is manifesting
for it a sacred devotion, and rallying around
its glorious folds in a complete avalanche
of enthusiasm. '
■> Flag raising and flag presentations seem’
to be the popular order of this day of ex
citement. The old man and the young
man, the mother and daughter, the work
boy atyl the school-boy, the child at its
play and the infant in the nurse’s arms, all,
no matter what may be their condition in
life, whether high-minded or htimble,
whether rich or poor, the merchant or the
mechanic, tho professional man or the la
borer-all partake alike of tho prevalent
patriotism,.and in some way or other show
their attachment and love for the flag of
As these proud banners are unfurled to
v the breeze, every heart seems to say—let
that tongue cleave to the roof of its mouth
that would speak reproachfully of our flag,
and let that Hand forget its cunning that
would dare to tral} it in the dust—and then
the loud song goes up from ten thousand,
thousand voices, of freemen,
“The Star Spangled Banner, oh long may it wave,
O’er the lend of the free, and the home of the brave.
At such a time, when every eye is fixed
upon the American flag, and when every
breast beats with patriotic emotion for its
country’s safety, it may not be an unaccep
table offering to refresh the memory with
the origin, and history of our national flag.
The flag of the United States, under
which a nation of freemen now rallies, was
adopted by Congress, June 14th, 1777, as
the following resolution shows;
“Seichei, That the flag of the thirteen Unit
ed States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and
%bite; that the Union be thirteen stars, white,
in a blue field, representing!! new constellation 1”
The stars were arranged in tho form of
a circle. This resolve, it appears, was not
madepnhlic until the following September
3rd, 1777, nod according to 001. Trum
bull, the first flag made in pursuance of
the act, was used on the occasion of .Bur
goyne’s eureendcr, October I7th, 1777.
It is intimated Captain Schuyler
[INDEPENDENT IN EVEBTXHINd.] K
Hamilton, of the United States army, to
whom lam indebted for these historical
reminiscences, that the stripes in the field
of the flag were not only designed origin
ally to indicate the Union of the thirteen
colonies but also to show, from time to
time, the number of States composing the
Union. This opinion appears to be corob
orated by the fact that in 1794, after tho
admission of two new States —V ermont and
Kentucky—Congress passed the following
act, to wit :
' “That from and after the Ist day of May, Anno
Domini one thousand seveu hundred and nicety
five, the flag of the United States be fifteen stripes,
alternate red and white; that the Union be fif
teen stars, white in a blue field.”
This was approved January 13th, 1794.
it does not seem, however, that any fur
ther change was made ip this design of the
flag, until 1818, although several new States
had been added to the Union during the
interval of twenty-four years —as we are
informed by Captain Hamilton that the
above design was the flag of the United
States in the war of 1812-14.
In 1818, the lion. Mr. Wcndover, a
member of Congress from New York, in
troduced this subject, and suggested that
the stripes of the national flag be altered
to their original number, as he anticipated
if the number of stripes should be incras
ed according to the number of States, it
would in time become unwieldy, and that
the alteration he proposed would always
designate the original thirteen States while
an additional star for the admission of ev
ery' new State would Show the number
comprising tho existing Union. lie also
proposed another change, which was adopt
ed, viz; that the galaxy of stars in the
Union Jiag should of themselves, by ar
rangement, from a single star, instead of
a circle, which was the original design.—
The act passed by Congress, -4pril 4th,
1818, reads thus;
“ That from and offer the 4th day of July
next, the flag of the United States bo thirteen
horizontal etripcs, alternate red and White; that
the Union be twenty stars, while in a btiie field.
And that on the admission of * new State into
the Union, one star be added to the Union of the
flag; and that snob additions shall take effect
on the 4th day of July next succeeding such
This arrangement has continued in force
until the present time, unless it is that by
anticipating the admission of Kansas, the
thirty-fourth, has been acknowledged in
many of the new flags prior to the 4th of
July next, the time fixed by Congress for
the addition to be made.
There are to be found a number of facts
and incidents connected with the origin
and adoption, as well as the meaning of
the devices embodied in our national flag,
that would prove highly interesting to
those who arc fond of yc antique. It may
however, be well to furnish • briefly a few
items of history more immediately bear
ing upon the flag as it now appears, in or
der that its origin shall be the more clear
In lGb-4 tho colony of Massachusetts had
in use the ancient national flag of Eng
laiul, the red cross v flag. In Winthrop’s
New England, an incident is recorded of
the defacing of the ensign, by one of the
Pilgrim Fathers, because the red cross was
looked upon by them as a relic of anti-
Christ. This circumstance occasioned the
colonists great trouble and the difficulty
was not removed until 1707, when the
treaty between the Kingdoms of England
ana Scotland was ratified, which event re
sulted in the combination of the ancient
red cross flag of the former (a white
ground with red cross) and the azure flag
of the latter (a blue ground with a white
cross) constituting the national banner xif
the Kingdom of Great Britain and desig
nated in Queen Ann’s Proclamation at the
time as tho union flag.
The colonists, appear to have been satis :
fled with the change, as we learn that in
1720 they direned this flag, (an English
Union with a red field) to be used as a sig
nal on the approach of vessels at a light
house near the entrance of Boston harbor.
In 1775 the same flag was used in New
York, but bearing tho inscription, “George
Rex, and the liberties of America,” and
on the reverse, “no Popery,” while in Con
necticut, the motto employed was “qni
transtulit euftinet,” which is understood
to mean’ “God who transplanted us hither
will support us.-”
About tho same time, April 29, 1775,
tho Massachusetts Provincial Congress
adopted a-white flag as a standard for their
colonial cruisers, with the motto, "appeal
to Heaven,” —and a pine tree in the cen
tre- A combination of the Connecticut,
and Massachusetts mottoes, omitting the
tree, was adopted on the red Union flag of
the Colonies by tho armies of the Colonists,
before Boston; and this flag was unfolded
by General Isaac Putnam, on Prospect Hill,'
July 18th, 1775, after the reading of the
Declaration of the Continental Congress,
setting forth the causes and necessity of
taking up arms.
On the 2d day of January, 1776, after
the Union of the thirteen Colonies was
effected, Washington hoisted the great Un
ion flag,, consisting of the union of the
crossea and thirteen red and white stripesy
the number of the Colonies in the Union.
It may hc intercstiug to statc Uiat stripes
or ribbons was tho distinguishing badge
in common! use among the officers who
wereunnnifonued in the Colonial army,
according to‘ the suggestion and by the or
ders of General "Washington. Hence it
has been inferred that the idea of red and
white stripes in tho field of tho great Un
ing flag of the United American Colonies
owes ita origin to the above circumstance.
The red, white and blue colors of our
flag, emblematic of defiance to oppression
purity Union, are; probably derived
from their colors exhibited on the banners
and ensigns of the early Kings of Eng
land and Scotland, or their patron saints.
The banner of St. George was white charg
ed with red, that of St. Andrew was blue
charged with white.
Nor should it be forgotten that blue
was a favorite color of Washington; when
he commanded the Continental army, ho
adopted as his badge of recognition a light
blue ribbon; which he, wore . across his
breast, between his coat and waistcoat.
Again, the prevailing colors in the flag
appear to haye been those adopted to give
nationality to the uniform of the army of
the Colones; the facings of the blue coats
were red, and the color of the plumes
white tipped with red. W. J. •
The Little Match Girl.
BY HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSON
It was so terrible cold—it snowed, and
the evening began to'be dark; it was also
the last evening of tho year—New Year’s
eve. On this dark cold evening a poor lit
tle girl went into the streeUiyith bare head
and naked feet. It is true she had shoes
on when she, went from home, but of what
use were they? They wore very large
shoes, her mother had; last worn them,
they were so largo; and the littlg one lost
them in -burying over i the street as two
carriages passed quickly by. One shoe
was not to be found, and the Other a bov
run away with, saying that he could use it
as a cradle when he got children himself.
The little girl now on her small
naked feet, which were rod and blue with
cold. She carried a number of matches in
an old apron, and held one bundle, in her
hand.—No one had bought pf’her tlm
whole day—no one had ■ given her a far
thing. Poor thing 1 she was hungry and
benumbed with cold, and looked so down
cast, The on her yellow
hair, which curled so prettily round her
neck, but she did not heed that
The lights shone out from all the wind
ows and there was such ; a delicious smell
of roast goose in the street! It was New-
Years eve and she thought of that.
She sat down in the corner between two
bouses—the ■ one stood a, little piore for
ward in the street thaß the other, —and
drew her legs up. under her to warm her
self but still 1 she was' i colder, and she
durst not go homo; she had not sold any
matches or got a single farthing! Her
father would beat her,; —aqd St was also
cold at home; they had only the roof di
rectly over them, andi there the wind
whistled in, although straw and rags were
stuffed in the largest crevices.
Her little hands were almost benumbed
with cold. Ah I a little match might do
some good, durst she only draw one out of
the bundle strike it ion the'wall and
warm her fingers. She drew one out,
rich! how it burnt! it was a warm clear
flame like that of a little candle, when she
held her hand round it,---it was a strange
The little girl though! she' sat before a
largo iron Stove with brass bolts on the
top; it burned so 'nicely apd warmed-so
well.—Nay, what was that ? The little girl
stretched out her feet tp warm them too,
then the flame went oat; the stove vanish
ed—she sat with a stump of the burnt
match in her hand. Another was struck,
it burnt, it shone; and when the light re
flected upon i the wall; it became as trans
parent os crape; she looked directly into
the room where the roasted goose stuffed
with apples and prunes steamed so tempt
ingly on the table which; was laid out and
covered with a shining: white cloth with
porcelain service. Whit was still more
splendid, the goose sprung off the dish and
waddled along the floor with knife and fork
in its back ;—it came directly up to the
pqor girl. .Then the, match went out, and
there was only the thick cold wall to bo
She struck another watch. Then she
sat under the most charming Christmas
tree —it was still larger and more orna
mented than she had seen through the
glass door at the rich merchant’s the lasi
Christmas; a thousand candles burned in
the green branchesand motley pictures
like those which ornament the shop wind
ows, looked down at her. The little girl
lifted up both her hands—then the match
was extinguished—the I many Christmas
candles' rose higher and higher, she saw
they were bright stars-p-ouh of them fell
and made a fiery stripe in the sky. ?Now
one dies!- said the poor girl, for old
grandmother, who aldno kindto
her, bat ygh?.wps now de^d, ! had told her
that when a star falls, a soul goes to
God! „ ’ . i. . , .... ; v.
She agaib struck a match against the
walk it sh<|bo ! W’
grandmother stood in theiustre, so shin
ing; so mild: and blissful!. Grandmother!’
EDITORS AND £R(JbRIEIORS-
exclaimed the High girl, ‘Oh! I kooVr
you will he gone away whoa the match
goes out —like the warm stove, the deli
cious roast goose, and the .delightful
Christmass tree!’ and the struck in haste
the whole remainder of matches that was
in the bundle—she would not lose sight
of grandmother and the matches shone
with such brilliance that it wds clearer
than in broad day light.—-Grandmother
had never looked so pretty, mo groat} she
lifted the poor little girl up in her arias,
and they flew so high in splendor and joy,
and there was no cold, no hunger, no
anxiety—they were tkith God. . .
But the little girl sat in tlie ri porner by
the house in the cold morning hour, with
red cheeks, and with a smile round her
mouth, dead—rfrpzeu to death, last even
ing of the old year. *
New Year’s morning rose over the little ■
corpse as it sat with the matches, of which
a bundle was burnt. 'She had been trying
to warm herself, said they. Bnt no one
knew what beaut full things she had seen;
in what splendor and gladness she had en
tered with her old grandmother into New
A Beautiful Thought. —Life is beau
tifully compared to a fountain fed by a
thousand streams, that perishes if once it
be dried, It is a silver cord twisted with
a thousand strings, that part asunder if
one be broken. Frail and thoughtless,
mortals are surrounded by innunmerablo
dangers, which make it much more strange
they escape so long, than that they all.
perish suddenly at last. We are sur
rounded by accidents every, day to crush
the mouldering tenements that wo inhabit.
The seed of disease are planted in our
constitutions by nature. The earth and
the atmosphere, whence we draw the breath
of life, ispregnantwlth death—.health is_
made to operate its own destruction ? The
food that nourishes, contains the elements,,
of its decay ; the soul that animates it by
a vivifying fire,, tends to wear it out by
its' own action; death lurks In ambush
along our paths. Notwithstanding this is
the truth, so palpably confirmed by the
daily examples before your eyes, how little
do we lay it to heart, We see our friends
and neighbors perish among us, but how
seldom does it occur to our thoughts, that
our knell shall, perhaps give the next!
fruitless warning to the world.
A Scold Coxvebted.— ln Ao'oarij
period of the. history of Methodisin' somo
of 3lr. 'Wesley’s opponents,in the excels
of their zeal against enthusiastn/took up
a whole wagon-load of Methodists and
carried them before a magistrate. ’When ,
they were asked what these persons had
done, there was an awkward silence ; at
length one of them said—
“ Why, they pretended to do bettof than
others, and besides, they prayed front ■■
morning till night.”
The magistrate asked if they had done
anything else. 1
“Yes, sir,” said an old man; “an’t please
your worship, they - converted my wife, till
she went among them she had such a
tongue, and now she is as quiet as a latnb.”
“Carry them back,” said the magistrate,
“and let them convert all the scolds in the
DuniNQ our last conflict With Great
Brittian a number «tf our troops were en
gaged in repairing the fortifications of
Niagara; and whilst so engaged/the enemy,
commenced a pretty sharp fire, so’that it
Occupied nearly the whole of the time of
our force to keep on the lookout for the
shots of the enemy. Finding that they
did not make’ much, headway, they sta
tioned a son of the Emerald Isle ’’ to give
warding when a shot or shell was coming.
This the sentinel faithfully performed, al
ternately singing hut “shot,” “shells,”.un
til finally the enemy started aCongrcvo
rocket, which Pat bad never seen before.
He hesitated and seeing it elevate, be
“Shot! and be jabbers, the gun wid it.”
The §t. Louis Democrat of the 17th
says: “We believe, and our belief is found
ed upon multitudinous items of evidence
—that the Union men of Kentucky are
at the fighting point—that is to «ay, they
will resist the machinations of the traitors
in their midst, with the riiie and theknife,
and the halter, before they will be dragged
out of the Union as the tail of a confod
eracy of which South Carolina is the head.”
t&r Joseph the Second, of Austria, was
fond of travelling inop&itsu and odd day
he reached a little inn on bis. routbefore
his ret\ha4 <¥o>e Up. Entering n xefifTng
room he begin-shaving himself. ■' The ln
quisitoriallandlordv win anxlourta tn
inhat post bus iest hold nbftut
of the Emperor. “Ishaye *’
WasAia majesty’s reply.' . ‘ ’'
WT “The tiiea 3 4rh wifel Md 1
er.’* n: ; r::s:rr
! f'Yofflt caneasly iUhp yhhr
water,Aushand, if yo£'foot KepWw
often above brandy.” ~l