Gazette of the United-States. (New-York [N.Y.]) 1789-1793, September 23, 1789, Page 187, Image 3

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    TUESDAV, SETT. 22.
The committee appointed to examine the en
rolled bills reported, that they had examined the
bill for establishing the salaries of the Judges of
the federal Courts, and of the Attorney Gener
al—the bill for allowing compenfatioils to the
President and Vice President, and the bill for
establishing the Judicial Courts, and found them
correct. The Speaker then signed the fame.
The engrolled bill for establishing the Seat of
Government for the United States was read the
third time ; and on the queltion, shall this bill
pass ? Mr. Carroll called for the Ayes and
Noes, which are as follow—
AYES. Mejfrs. Ami's, Baldwin, Benfon, Contee, Clvmer.
Fitzfimons, Hoyd, Foster, Gale, Gilman, Goodhue, Grout,
Hartley, Hathorn, Jackson, Livermore, Lawrance, Leonard, P.
Muhlenberg, Partridge, Van Ranfellaer, Scott, Seney, Sherman,
Sylveller, Smith, (M.) Stone, Thatcher, Trumbull, Wadfworth,
fyynhoop. 31.
NOES. Mejfrs. Boudinot, Bland, Burke, Cadwallader.Carroll,
Coles, Lec, Mddifon, Matthews, Moore, Parker, Schureman,
Smith, (S. C.) Sumptcr, Tucker, Vining, White. 17.
Mr. Goodhue introduced a resolution remind
ing the vote for adjourning on the 23d, and to
fix the time of adjournment on the 26th instant.
This was adopted.
The bill for altering the time of the annual
meeting of Congress was read a fecoiul time, and
referred to a committee of the whole to be taken
up to-morrow.
The bill to recognize and adapt to the Consti
tution of the United States, the establishment of
the troops on the frontiers, by the ordinanoes
of the late Congress, was taken up in commit
tee of the whole.
Mr. Jackson proposed a clause, to empower
the President of the United States to establish
ports, to raise troops, and call forth the militia of
the States of Georgia and South-Carolina, in cafe
the Creek Indians refufe to treat with the Com
milfioners, or violate the conditions agreed to at
■ the ensuing negociation.
This motion after a lengthy conversation was
agreed to so far as it refpe<fts calling forth the mi
litia,or feuding part of the troops 011 the establish
ment, that State, should the President think
The committee having gone thro the bill, and
made several amendments, they rose, and the
Chairman reported them to the House—The
House immediately took the amendments into
consideration, and agreed to the fame. It was
then ordered that the bill be engrofied for a third
reading to-morrow.
A liieliage was received from the President of
the United States, by Mr. Secretary Lear, with
theatft for allowing compensations to the mem
bers of the two Houses and their refpedtive of
ficers, which has received his approbation and
A meflage was received from the Senate, by
Mr. Secretary O ris,'informing the House, that
the ad for the temporary establishment of the
Pofl-Office, was returned to the Senate with the
approbation and signature of the President.—
Alio, that the Senate concurred in the resolution
ot the House to adjourn the 26th instant.
Mr. Blamd moved, that leave be given to
bring in a bill, to amend and explain a clause in
the Coasting Atft, which was granted, and Mr.
Bland, Mr. Goodhue and Mr. Benson were ap
pointed a committee for the purpose.
Adjourned till to-inorrow ten o'clock.
The following arc copies of the letters of Monsieur de Mont
morin and the Duke of Dorset.
of Monjieur Montmorin to the Due de L,iancourt r President of the
National Afjembly.
" VerfaiUcs, 2jth July, 1789.
M. President,
" Inc Ambaflador of England has intrcated to have the honor,
"without loss of time, to communicate the following fetter to you.
I have thought it so much less in my power to resist his applica
tion, as it is ceitain that he apprized me, in effett, verbally in the
beginning of June last, of a plot against the port ps Brest. Those
"who meditated this scheme desired certain succors for the expe
dition, and to have an asylum in England. The Ambaflador did
not give me any indication relative to the authors of this projett,
2nd he assured me that they were absolutely unknown to him.
ne enquiries that I have been able to make, after machinations
0 uncertain, have been as fruitlefs as they ought to be; and I
lave been obliged to confine myfelf to engage the Count de Lu
zerne to give the Commandant of Brest precautions to double
"isvigilance and a&ivity.
" I have the honor to be, See.
titer of the Duke of Dorset, Ambassador at the Court of France, to the
Count de Montmorin, Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
Paris, 26th July, 1789.
" Sir,
It has been communicated to me from divers quarters, that
en eavors have been made to insinuate that my court had foment
e in part the troubles thaj have afflitted the Capital for some
time part; that (he had taken advantage of the present opportuni
yto Lake up arms against France; and tl\at even a fleet was upon
t lecoaft to co-operate with the discontented party. Totally
e i, tU j CO^ as these rumors are, they appear to me to have
rc ? . l^c National AfTembly: And the Courier National
lc h gives an account of the fittings of the 23d and 24th of this
"onth, leaves suspicions which give me so much more p£in, as
<( v w ' ' ,ow f ar my court is from deserving them.
, Excellency wijl call to mind several conventions
1 lc , with you in the beginning of June last, the torrid
°t t at had been proposed relative to the port ot Brest: the
R l 'ard tV K to P ut 'he King and h,s Ministers upon their
r,,,/ ' ot my court which corresponds with my fenti-
Va t revolts with horror from the proposition that
Sma e : In fine, the aflurances of attachment which she re
peatcd to the King aud the Nation, enabled you to itiake known
to his Majesty hovf much I paiticipated in the emotion which the
treachery mud give him.
As my Court has infinitely at heart to preserve the good har
mony which subsists between the two nations, and to remove all
contrary suspicions, I intreat you, Sir, to submit this litt r,
without delay, to the President of the National AUVmbly. You
are aware how elTeiitial it is to me to juaify my own conduct,
md that of my Court, and to do my utmost to destroy the etfcdt
of the iuftdious insinuations which have been so induitrioully pro
pagated. 7
" It is of infinite importance to me that the National AfTembly
Ihould know my sentiments, that they (hould do jultice to those
of my nation, and to the open conduit which they have conllant
ly held towards France, lince I had the honor to be h?r orgjn.
" I have it so much more at heart, that you (hou!d not lose a
moment in making this known, as I owe not only to my perlonal
haratter, to my country, and to the Englilh that arc here t td
protcft them from all the reflections that may arifc from the m'f
reprefentation. •' i have the honor to be, &c.
The happy effect produced by the Duke of Dor
set s letter is luch, that every generous Englifh
mail will read with pleasure the following extratft
from a Speech made in the National AfTembly oil
the occasion.
" A people who owe their name to the antique
si anknefs of their ancestors, are at length cleter
mined to ihake off the unworthy chains with which
tyrant i have loaded their arms. It is no longer the
leaguing and seditious people armed by fanaticifm
against themselves under Charles IX. and Henry
111. It isnolonger the people of the Fronds, who
basely harnefled to the car of Louis XIV. holds out
toEurope the convulsions of an energy which slaves
never can poilefs. It is no longer the people, who
undei Louis XV. fang their defeats and victories
in the fame tone. It is a brave who, after
along captivity, awaken to the remembrance of
their being born freemen, who wiih to be free, and
will perish or attain their objetil.
" And who will take upon them to oppose so ref
petftable an energy > Can it be you, you frank and
courageous nation, who have Ipilt such seas of
blood for Liberty ? Oh, Englishmen ! the error of
a moment has made us presume it poflible. The
wicked system of Court Policy, an ancient and
foolifh rivalihip, which ages have been unable to
destroy, induced us to dread an event which would
have dishonored the glorious cause of freedom and
humanity. But all our doubts are at an end : Our
ardor will be doubled by pofleffingyour esteem and
approbation. Your worthy representative has
taught us yesterday, that the brave}} nation in the
■ world is a/fa the mo]}generous /"
the form ofthe new constitution of
The committee has reported its deliberations
on the fubjeiit of the New Porni of Government.
The Archbilhop of Bourdeaux, M. de Clermont
T onnerre, and M. Mounicr, read the preliminary
observations to this important objed: before the
National Aflembly. The Abbe Syeyes has like
wise made known his very valuable treatise on
the Rights of Mankind : M. Mounier has done the
fame ; both point to the fame objedl, though they
take different ways to come at it.
The principal heads of the Form of Govern
ment which the Committee has recommended,
are as follows :
That the National AfTembly shall be composed
of two Houses of Parliament : [The committee all
agree in this point, but they find a difficulty to decide in
what manner the two chambers of Parliament Jhall be
organized—-fame are of opinion that both Jhould be elec
tive—others, that the King Jhould have the power to
nojninate the members of the fir ft,in the fame manner as
our House of Lords is created.]
That the States General fliould be permanent,
and meet yearly.
That the King fliall have the Treasury of the
State under his protection.
That he shall hnve the fnpreme and absolute
command over the army.
That he shall have the nomination to all places,
civil as well as ecclesiastical.
That he shall have a revenue for the mainte
nance of his dignity,even mors considerable than
he has allowed him at present.
Such are the principal points on which the Con
stitution is to be raised.
The following are authentic copies of the letter
of the King of France to Mr. Ni?ckar, and his
" 1 HAVE been deceivedrefpeflingyou. Violence
has been committed on my char after. Behold me at
length enlightened. Come, Sir, come without delay,
and resume your clai?nto my confidence, which you have
acquired forever. My heart is known to you. I ex
pe(lyou with all my nation, and lvery fmcerely fhart
in its impatience. On which, I pray God, Sir, until
your return, to take you into his holy and worthy keep
ing. " LOUIS."
Answer of Mr. dated Geneva, July 23,
in the Evening, and received by His Majesty the
" I HAVE this in ft ant received the letter wit!:
which it has pleafedyour Majesty to honor me. I wan:
etpreffions to teftijy to you the tender emotions I have
experienced on the return of your favor : Jt penetrates
me more and more with the obligation I had long im
posed on myflf, of always diftingtiifhing in your Ma-
jejly, the just Friuce, the hot:eft man, who can operate
only the happ'utefs oj the nation ■when he acts from him
felf, from the powerful Monarch who governs it, and
who is frequently expofsd to do what is rej ug.-iant, 13
his heart.
'■ I ouly take the time, Eire, to wipe away the tears
which your letter has made me shed, and 1 fly to '.hey
yottr orders< I Jhall not bear to you my heart \ that is
a property you have acquired ky a thoufund titles, and
to which Ino longer have any claim.
" I reckon with impatience, and am striDing to ac
celerate the moments which are me to pro
teed to ojfer you tf>s lafl drop of my biood,my feeble tal
ents, my entire devotion so your sacred person, and the
profound refpeß with which I am %
" Sire,
" Tour Majesty's most humble,
" Mojl obedient,
" And most zealous servant,
Mr. Neckar arrived at Versailles on Tuesday
nlglit, in perfedt health, and yesterday, at two
y'clock, waited on rhp National Allembly, where
ne was received with such applauffcs and emotions,
far beyond all applauseS, as constitute the molt
glorious recompence this world is able to bellow
dn virtue.
At Stralbonrggreat violence has been commited.
The Chief Magistrate was obliged to escape in a
cart load of tanner's bark. The populace forced
the town house, and demolished all the furniture,
took pofleffion of 40001. fterl. of the public cafli,
and destroyed many of the archives. The citizens
required leave from the Comte de Rocliambeau
to arm, which herefufed, as well as to call on the
military. The Prince de Heilb Darnftadt, Colo
nel of a regiment in garrison, took this on hini
felf, and with 4000 armed citizens, difperfcd the
mob, several of whom were hanged. In their
violence, they had got at the vast tuns of Rhenish
Wine, and ltock which are preserved there eti de
pot, and waded up to their knees in it.
We had great illuminations at the Palais Royal,
last night, on account of M. Neckar's arrival ;
but they will be general when he visits the Hotel
de Ville, to which he will be invited. The Na
tional Club at the Palais Royal had eleven of the
arcades moll beautifully illuminated with trans
parencies of the King and M Neckar.
The people in Franche Comte have destroyed
all the title deeds and archives of the Nobles.
The Advices by the French Packet ftate —That
the Minillry which came in, on the removal of
M. Neckar, continued in office but four days—
when the King, finding that the aristocratic
party had niifled him, threw himfelf into the
arms of the people.—Restored M. Neckar, and
his compatriots.— Speedy justice was executed
upon fotne of the principals of the late Miniftry—>
several of whom were beheaded —One of them
who anticipated the public vengeance had the
ceremony of his funeral performed, but the ar
tifice being detected, the farce Was turned into
a tragedy, by the loss of his head.—Sixteen com
mittees were appointed in the city of Paris for va
rious purposes, whose vigilance and activity had
restored it to peace and security : One of tliefe
committees was to furniffi supplies of grain, &c.
When the Kjng's army approached the cit},
the inhabitants immediately armed themfeWes,
by seizing the hospital of the invalids ; and to
fortify the avenues to the city, they tore up the
pavements —with thefe,carriages, &c. they form
ed a temporary fortification,in which the heavy
artillery was placed. Mean time the people at
tacked the Baftile, the Governor of which hav
ing admitted a number of them, drew up the
bridge, and thenfacrificed the whole.—The citi
zens finding that they had been deceived, scaled
the walls of this castle—took the Governor and
Lieut. Governor out, and beheaded them both—
and then leveled the walls to the ground—but fevr
prisoners were found therein. During all these
commotions, the National Aflembly continued
fitting, and preserved the greatest moderation,
dignity and firmnefs.—The citizens were armed,
and formed into regular corps under proper of
ficers : And such arrangements made as raltored
peace and tranquility, and gave the happiest
profpeft of eftablilhing a free government.
These events will form an important epoch in
the annals of Europe, and induce a material
change in the politics of the Eastern Hemisphere.
During the late disturbances in France tis said not more than
hirty persons have loft their lives, on the part of the people.
Saturday, Sloop Gorinna, Sacket, St. Martins, 24 days.
Sunday, Sloop Brothers, Walton, Digby, 12 do.
Monday, Brig Nancy, Carberry, Kingston, 40 do.
Ship Favorite, Willfon, Hull, 56 do.
Brigß<tfy, Motley, Charleston, 18 do.
Ship Wm. Pitt, White, Kingston, 35 do.
Brig Columbia, Paddock. Port au Prince, 25 do.
Sloop N. Y. Packer, Albertfon, Philadelphia, 9do
Sloop Nancy, Price, Philadelphia, 7 do.
Packet Franklin, Vourotois, Bourdeaux. $2 do.
Ship Brittanflia. Renwick, Yarmouth. 56 do.
Sloop Polly, Painter, Bermuda. 12 do.
Tuesday, Ship Merchant - , Bunker, Havre dr Grace, do.
Ship St. Phillip, Harrifon, Bonnrwifta. do.
Sloop Lady-Hammond, — Gr?«nada, do.
Brig Charlotte, Woodruff, Aux Caves, ——do.