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xo to iJ pr cant, from what it wa> formerly: Can
credit 011 thsfe ce -.ns De to oar beuelc ? Is it no.
rather toocir ruin ! and (hill we urge our prefenc
im.n; ife load of deb. to i -eat Britain as areafon
why we hould accumulate inj.-e and more, link
deeper anl deeper : ic un kby incereit, bat the
tyranny of habit alone, that we are kept in bon
dage—as France oil the one fide, and Holland on
the other, p efents many advantages as our en
couragement to fabllitute an open trade with them
in lieu of our present injurious traffic with Eng
land : The former is not inferior to Great Britain
in any manufactures, except Hardware—her
lilks, cambrics, Sic. are farfuperior and cheaper,
though (much to our benefit) we cannot there
obtain extensive credits—yet for what we may
purchase ihe will receive in pay our ihips, tobac
co, oyl, naval stores, and other natural exports,
while in her extensive coafling trade a large num
ber of our veflelsinay find employ, and 011 condi
tion wewill not interfere with her carrying trade
from thence to Europe, she will consent to open a
free trade to her Weft-Indies.—We can obtain
from Germany through Holland the best of cut
lery and other hard ware, where our rice has
for some years formed a better remittance than
to any other part of Europe, and with whom
owing to their large capitals—extensive pofleflions
in that country —knowledge of the trade, and
cheapness of navigation we can obtain many In
dia articles of our consumption, on better terms
than in our present direct intercourse ; for spices
we are altogether indebted to them—and many
are the political motives whichmuft operate with
us to preserve a good understanding with that
country. —It will be found not only advantageous
but necellary to the extension of her commerce,
that America should have her Consuls and other
public agents in many of the great; ports of Eu
rope, to ascertain their relative commercial in
terefis with this country—explore the benefits of
a connection with thein, to be bottomed on ex
plicit contrad: or treaty, and not fubjecfl to the
uncertain tenure of legislative decrees.
NEW-YORK, AUGUST 1789.
EUROPEAN CONTINENTAL INTELIGENCE,
in britf—(by arrivals at the Eajlward)—(laics,
THAT a quadruple alliance has been enter
ed into by Ruma, Austria, France and Spain
I hat all hostilities between Sweden and Den
mark are at an end—
That Rullia is at length listening to terms of
accommodation—and that Great Britain is to be
the principal mediator among the belligerent
1 hat the Emperor of Germany has so far reco
vered as to dine in public—
That the Turkish army on the right bank of
the Danube consists of 150,000 men ■"
That the Turks were compleatly routed in a
late atftion with the Ruffians, in Moldavia, and loft
two pachas with their artillery
That the Austrian army amounts to 276,600
men, exclusive of artillery and volunteers
That notwithstanding the rumours of peace,
every appearance indicated a bloody campaign-
That feverallkirmiflies hadtaken place,in which
as usual, the Turks fell by thousands, while their
enemies had only a few men wounded, and lbnie
horses killed or taken—
T tiat England and Holland are endeavoring to
mediate between the belligerent powers, &c.—
That the King of Great Britain is in such a state
of health as to be incapable of attending to pub
lic business : He is affliifted with an extreme lassi
tude—that for the benefit of his health he is go
ing to Hanover, the Queen herfelf, with her own
hand, having written a letter to the King of Prussia
upon that fubje<ft!—
That a duel has been fought between Colonel
Lenox, and the Duke of York—the occafton of
which was, that the Duke hadfaid, that foinebody
laid something which Col. Lenox heard, and which
Col. Lenox ought to have resented—and because
the Duke would not name the person who had
thus fp .ken,they met—Col. Lenox fired, by which
the Royal Duke had his curl grazed—but did not
return the fire—all this is attested by two noble
men, Rawdon and Winchelsea—
That the King's dearly beloved foil, Prince
William Henry, is made Duke of Clarence, &c
That the friends to humanity, in the Britifti
House of Commons, were exerting themselves to
efFecft the abolition of the slave trade—but were
opposed by planters, their agents, merchants,
tradesmen and manufacturers who were interelled
in the trade, and who were bringing in their pe
titions from all quarters.
On Monday arrived his Britaanic Majcfly's Packet,
Duke of Cumberland, Capt. Deakf., in 52 days
from Falmouth and Halifax : By this arrival we
have procured the following articles of
EOROPEAN INTELLIGENCE :
HAMBURGH, MAY 19.
WE learn from Peterlburgh, that the ice with
which the Neva was covered, entirely disappear
ed on the 30th of last month ; the river had been
frozen one hundred and sixty four days.
The Armistice betwixt Sweden and Denmark,
| has been prolonged to the 24th of June.
VENICE, MAY 13.
The new Sultan has made no alteration in the
counsels of the Turks : The Reis Effendi, has de
clared to the ambafladors of France and Spain,
who are very pressing in their offers of mediation,
" That he has orders not to liflentoany propor
tions concerning peace, unless the preliminaries
were on an entire restitution of all conquests ;
the renunciation of the supremacy of the Empress
of Russia over the 1 artars, and the independence
of the Crimea."
VIENNA, MAY IJ.
Our august Sovereign is again ill—the day be
fore yesterday his Majesty was seized with a fever,
which continued lor twenty-four hours. He fuf
fers greatly from an obftrucfted respiration.
They w.ite from Crotia, that on the 12th of
April, 1000 Turkiih cavalry, attacked a post of
the Bannat—five villages belonging to the Bos
nians, which were under the imperial protection,
experienced the fury of the enemy ; all the men
were immediately put to the sword— 104 women
and boys, 6000 horned cattle, 108 horses, and 507
goats were carried and three small towns all
burnt to allies.
The enemy, after this, retired to the village of
Pograzi, where they fold the booty to the belt bid
ders—a Turk purchased two women and four
children for 600 florins.
CONSTANTINOPLE, APRIL 8.
Our new Sultan, Selim lIId. hasrefufed all sub
sidies for carrying cm the war, and has given or
ders to open the treasury of the crown, and to
employ its contents in conquering the infidels.
It is remarked here, that this is the firft time a
Sultan ever took such a resolution. This circum
fiance has not a little contributed to increase the
afFecftions of his new fubjecfts.
A Ruffian cutter which failed from hence 11
days since, returned the day before yesterday with
a Swedish corvette, mounting t2 guns, which she
took, after an obstinate in which the Ruf
fians loft one officer and five seamen.
PARIS, MAY tB.
M. de Lamoignon, late keeper of the feaJs, died
at his castle ofßaville, on the 16th inft.
LONDON, JUNE J.
Thegreat question which now occupies thepub
lic mind in Paris, is, whether the Three Estates of
which the aflembly of the States General is com
pof'ed shall fit in one room, form but one body,
and carry its resolves by the majority of members
prefenr, without diflincftion of rank, as was the
cafe in the parliament of Scotland*
Or whether they shall form three diftinifl bo
dies, voting in dilferent houses, and each having
a power, as in the parliament of England, to put
a negative on the arts of the other.
1 lie clergy seem to be animated with that spirit
of concord which religion inspires, and which
prompts them to mediate between the nobles and
the commons, who appear determined to stand as
far asunder as they can.
The commons lent a deputation on the nth of
May, to what we may call the house of lords, to
invite the nobles to meet the clergy and commons
in one common aflembly, to try jointly the valid
ity of the returns on elections of the different
members of the three orders.
Ihe Duke de Liancourt made a very elegant
and able speech, the object of which was, to per
suade the lords to accede tothe requisition of the
Commons ; but on a division, he found himfelf
in a very small minority.
The nobles resolved that the following answer
should be sent tothe commons: ' That the nobles
having already made a considerable progress in
trying the returns of their members, that work
could not then be carried on in common by Three
Estates; and that the commons not having noti
fied their powers, and fliewu them to be accord
ing to law, could not yet be considered as law
fully aflembled, andconfequently could not com
municate with the other two orders."
'I he second part of this answer had been recog
nized as well founded by the commons themselves,
who have hitherto afl'umed the denomination on
ly of " Citizens aflembled by the King's com
mand, and not the name of the Third Estate,
met in general aflembly.
The nobles having dispatched this answer to
the commons, began to consider " whether the
House could then legally proceed to business,
though the representatives of the nobility of se
veral diftridishad not yet arrived, and taken their
To bring the question to a point, the following
resolution was moved :
" That the returns of almost all the members
present having been examined, and recognized
as legal, the house was fufficiently formed to be
able to procecd to make orders for its own inter
nal government, until by the arrival of all its
members, it should be complete, and authorised
to proceed on the business of the nation."
This motion was very warmly debated ; it was
carried, however, on a division, by a maioritv of
168. Ayes - . in.
Noes - . 2J
On Saturday last a general meeting of the fub
f'cribers to tlie Aflociation for promoting the dif
covery ofthe Interior parts of Africa, was heldat
the St. Alban's tavern, where an account of the
proceedings of the committee during the pait y ea r
and of tlie interesting intelligence which had been
received in the couife of it, particularly f rora
the late Mr. Ledyard, was submitted to their
confidei ation. By this intelligence every doubt
ol the practicability of the objetft for which the
society was inftituttd is removed ; and as fe-veral
persons have offered themselves as candidates to
succeed the late Mr. Ledyard in the service ofthe
Ailociation, there is reafoii to suppose that the
knowledge already obtained will loon be follow,
ed by more extensive discoveries.
June J. The Have traders, forefeeing that the
British Parliament are determined to put an end
to the commerce of the Human Species,have
given orders to their Captains on the coast to pur.
chafe as many young women as possible. The
reason is, that as the planters, after the abolition
law takes place, mult depend for llaves on their
stock, and the negro men being in a proportion
of three or four to one woman, females will he
wanting to establish a proper system of population.
A letter from Ireland fays, Mr. Sheridan,
speaking in the King's Bench on Wednesday, in
defence of a Printer of a morning paper, said,—
" Though I admitall that folemii apathy can fug
geftagainft tlie licentiousness of the press, let us
remember, that it is a public creditor, to which
religion, morality, liberty, genius, and science
are much indebted—let ns not forget, that it pre
served the constitution of our filler kingdom, and
restored our own. If therefore, in its freedom,
it fometiines goes astray : if in alfuming the office
of a Roman Censor it may fonietimes ti e'pafs, let
it be controled, but let it be controled as a favorite
child, with caution, and with lenity, leftyoura
jure its health, and break its spirit."
Extrafl from the Speech of M« Neckar, fpdtn it
the opening of the States General, 9 th Ma).
" The time will probably come, gentlemen,
in which you will aflociate in your deliberations
the deputies of the colonies, and will cast a look
of companion on that unhappy race of men, who
have been hitherto cooly considered only as the
objeifts of a barbarous traffic—men similar to
ourselves in the faculty of thought, and especi
ally so in the forrowful one of fuffering. Men,
neverthclefs, whom deaf to their lamentations,
we croud, we heap in the holds of ourveflels,in
order to convey them to the bondage which awaits
them in our islands.
" What nation can with more propriety than
France endeavor to mitigate a system of slavery,
supposed to be ncceHary, by substituting for the
evils inseparable from the African trade, (evils
which destroy the inhabitants of the new world
and of the old) that foltering care which would
end to multiply in our colonies a people intended
to aflift us in their cultivation ?
" A diltinguifhed nation has already given the
(lgnal—a token of her discernment and compaf
(ion ; humanity hath already found a defence
even 111 personal interest and political calcnlarion,
and before long her glorious cause will find ad
vocates at the tribunal of every nation. Ah!
what tranfeendent fatisfaCtion, what accuinula
ion of honor is in reserve for these fittings of
our General States, now they are revived in the
midst of an enlightened age."
Extrafls from the lnjlruttions of foiue of th: Bv
liwicks in France, relating to the abohthn of tke
Noblefle of Beauvois.-*—" That the States Ge
neral take into consideration the situation of the
negroes in our colonies."
Clergy of Melunand Moret.—" Seeing that in
the eye of religion, difference of color cauft s
none among her children, her ministers cannoi
forbear perpetually to exclaim against the slave
ry of negroes in the colonies."
Tiers etat of Chateau Kierry.—" The third
estate, considering that France hath been at all
times an asylum for Kings, and the proteftrefsot
opprefled nations : That slavery itfelf, on breath
ing the air of her happy climate, becomes free,
cannot omit exclaiming against the public out
rage upon humanity and upon the nation, occa
sioned by the commerce and slavery of the ne
groes, not desiring, however, to prevent tic
measures neceflary to be taken to guard again
detriment to the cultivation ofthe colonies.
Noblefle of Montes and Mudon.—" We a "
recommend to him to propofean examination in
to the means of destroying the slave trade, aw
preparing for the deftrucftion of the fl3veiy 0
the blacks ; and we must be permitted to wilhna
Faance may have the honor of effacing the la
vestiges of this degradation of human nature.
Clergy of the fame.—" Disgusted humanity
ought to hold out to the nation reprefente 1
the States General, an abuse by which every cC
ing mind is wounded. This abuse is the f|> 3 ®
fill right that man has afliimed of buying h>s e
low man ; of depriving him of liberty, ' u J fl '