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A llllll AfleMlrlOON
OKFK'K No. 1(:h"m7TIIIKI STKEKT.
Pita TlllKR I'HNTI l'B ("'!' T (ll,lltlll Nil-), "F
tnnnm.! IhMN 1m Whir, pa jail to th ' 'arrirr. and
mi r6 la Rt.(fr'rn tt out or ill. City ,it ine lin.i.n
ra AHM M On 1 -I.I.IB H Kirrt run t,,u Two
ajnTi,a. in arlabl) In ad ' ce t"-r Ihr, prlr,d nlcrvd.
Advrt pp e' li In.r-ted at lha nniM rates. A lih.'ral
ArrAiM.-niitt.( aieil'- far t avinlcl Irisr-rlloiii.
MONDAY, PKCKMnr.lt !! 11.
M:or (!i)(Tiil Shkiim N Imssrnt S.- r.-l ir?
S i amon a di'spn'i Ii whic h will bo rat hy
Wiojvo e with tlnlllHof niili.ulii:i. Nii'.it
m an 1 new yery well wli-it ho w i il nt wVm
h 1 o; ati In iiuiroli un S ivanii ill. II' lm
lo'Ai'd I pon liN inirch Willi conll 1,'iie , It Is
lAlitm licnrsiiod o ciinviiirln;ly to hi -It
What tlie !Tiilt mut he. II is w.ii tlin H'-IT-K'liiince
or a grout gi-ncrnl, anil not tli lnfl i
tloo ol :ncruly diviin? an 1 In'iv i 1 oiTl vr.
At Allanta h .nv Stv.uiiiii'i at hU font. X
Beer ever prophesied inure i-orrectly. Tlio I'.ill
of .Si vatirni1! nrul thu trinmp'i of Siikumvs
r coinlulivn noiitrnr.es on tlie lips of 1 1 i .o.-y
At nJcluifflit hut Tiied 17 (;,mcr.il Su ;:.
m an,i n lio.inl tlin Pa uleli on, Oju'm So in 1,
(leorgia, wrote his nr.it d-!sp'iU:h. Tim ) 1 1
UUi n It, teimeil, par complaixancr, a tjunl) it
It is lii rp ility tlio ch mti;iIiiii tii-liit of tin
Soutli At imiu liloi'k iliir; .Spi iilum, an J
c mi 0110 gun lorir.ir l and t- IijwUzti
lrri niilo aft. List Tuuj.lay, at tlvu o'clock
in lh 11101 uiii", says thu despatch, Gi'iier 1
II A ',1 n's Div.sinn ol thu l"ith Carps curie
Fort MuA'listcr by asMiilt, an 1 i-Aptnr;! iti
oiitir g irriso.i a.id irtiirvi. (Jjner.il II vzsv,
of whose bi'illi int exploits in the Army of t'io
('umherhiiid we have lime and iijjiiu heard, li n
Served with distinction under ItosKcitAX
Tmomah, CJiiANT, and finally undir Su;ok
M Ait. The capture ol Fort McVllHtcr win
most Imperative. The victorious result of t'.io
assault opened to us the Ossabaw S.iiiml and
the oonipli tn roinmnnieatioii with S1v.1n.1a1.
As tienera' Siikkman himself tersely nays:
"We icac! cd Savannah time days , hut
cwliif? to Foil McAllister we could not co.n
niuuleatp; but now we have F.irt M.-Alli-trr,
ai d go alicuill" The saiiie calm cou'l lenee
it iH not idle boast is displayed in t'io clod iv;
fenleiice: "Tlio quick work made of Fort
McAllisler, and the op. n'ux of communica
tion with our fleet, and consequent Inl -p mi 1
c fo ol supplies, d!s)lpates all their boastjj
threa s to lira.l m M)lf an 1 starve the army.
I n gard Favm.n 1I1 1 s alreadj gained."
'i pood wi rk tliat Siiliiman has dom
Caunot bo overrated. 'lie has kpt Ids army
in uplendid order and diseiillne ihrongli a
march of over three hundred miles, and 1 istiti;
one month. lie has completely destroyeJ
over two h:indnd miles ol railroad, aui cjn
sumpd stores and provisions that wero abso
lu e ynecuss.iry to II ) D'.-t and Lkk'h ar.nies.
l uring all this grand niaich he h:is not lost a
Bindc wagon, but, 011 th-i contrary, has accu
mulated an iuira 'nso supply of mules, horses,
negroes, and military stores generally.
All hi teams, without exception, are
in a far better condition than they
were when ho started from Atlanta. He has
totally destroyeJ all the railroads leading Int j
and around Savannah. He has established
hi luf. oa the Savannah rver, three miles
above tlio city, and the right 011 the Oche e
at King's bridge. IIo bus prevented all tlio
Itclcl gunboats coming down the Savannah,
and be Is ready to demolish the garrison,
under General LIakdkk, estimated at lll'teeu
Tlio peoplo have read Siikrma's first
desjutch. They lire eagerly expecting a
second. The first one was confident of vic
tory. Tlio second will tell us that victory liw
been achieved, and that Savannah, true to tUj
prophecy of General Suiikman, is lying van
i ifhcd at bis feet.
The udherciits of the doctrino of State
I ights, not content with the Constitutional
limita.iou which exactly defines t',10 extent of
those powers, pushed their pretensions so far
as to assert that a State was sovereign. In
truth, the term sovereign was universally
accepted, oven by men who ridiculed the ldja
that any meaning could be attached to it but
one most qualified. To them, the word; h 1 1
no dangerous Import. To them, tlio. . signifi
cation of the words did not seem literal. With
the words, they always associated thu 1 In 1 of
the exact amount of sovereignty which State
rights admitted. The term was a mere fac jn
dc purler. The Constitution seemed to avort
danger of Misconstruction; and if it did not,
Correct thinkers imagined, that common
ionso would settle that sovereignty could not
exist within tha limits of sovereignty that if
t'l e United States were sovereign, individual
tStau s cduUI not be.
It would bo scarcely possible to overrate
the mischief which the common acceptation
oi the expression, Sovereign SUte, h.u oc
casioned. The expression lias been used for
malign purposes by men who periectly well
understood that it sho-ild not b taksu unquali
fiedly. Others, agal'i, from the bottom oftheir
hearts, have believed in its lltcralncss. This 'Tr
orlg'ua'ed !ii the claim which is expressed lu
thp words Sovereign State. For four years,
the mind of the North has been concentrated
on this war. yet the use of State (tights and
Slate Sovereignty as convertible teruis still
eaorU a pernicious Influence. Obvious as Is
the incompatibility ol Slate sovereignty with
the stability of a power consisting of a com
bination of Stales; utterly Irreconcilable as the
tu ry Is w th the Constitution, It Is not In
the South alone, nor am i ig the disloyal alone,
tint mlsapprehen.;lou upon the- subject still
i fore appealing to the Constitution, 1 ;t us
Inquire as to the meaning of the word ove
reign. It Is often infurd that If sovereignty
Is conceded to a State that there Is no m ntal
rcMTMition. Yet, what i.s the fact? Simply
tl'is, that there Is no unqualified sovereignty
in the world, except that of the Suprein!
I cine. 1 he most absolute despot Is not sove
reign In the mee t comprehensive signification
ol the word. There are bounds to Ids power.
T here are limits which it is not possible fir
him to transcend.
I'.nt the condition of sovereignty as it exists
ii 011 earth is much more limited than that of
nl'solutp monarchy. It is a truism to Fay that
with a condition of limited monarchy, 1 mile 1
sovircignty is necessarily conjoined. As
liu.iti d monarchy obialns in the case of 1110 it
nations, tin; condition of limited sovereignty
is the usual position of princes. Siverel'mt
Is thercloro only a relative term.
'1 bis, which is ti lie of 111 111 in reia'ion to his
ft llotv-nmii in the same State, Is e qu i!ly true
of States in relafon to d pen lent S' it ), an I
rt arlinri, ( dependent Slates. Otherwise,
a part U grenter than the whole. Tlr.v word
M Vcn ignty, we repeat, is not absolute In its
dcniil'ciition, but relative.
IN fi rring to the Constitution of the I'nit 'd
Sta'.i s, where in its provisions d we 11:1 I that
fovcii Ignty is the r'ght of a State? In t'io
l'rt p'neo, the wold is not used at all in that
instri mi nt. lut suppose that it was, co.il 1
it mean sovereignty inntl unres'iieted se.H !?
If a ! tate is sovc u ign, what uv was tliere, of
s ecitlcations as to some things wherein It
could act, and others wherein it was p wer-lc-i?
It may be replied, fiat the sovereignty
of a State can be rdinquidied by abdication
and resumed at pi :nsitrc, and that it
is this indcle.isibln right which is terme 1
the right of secession. I'nl'ortun it ily
fi r this theory, all ethics are against it. States
stand lu the samo relat.011 to States as indi
viduals do to Individuals. The larg st liberty
in both cases, must preclude destruetiveness
to the interests of others. The riht of seees
hion is subversion of all government. It
hardly 111 eds demonstration to prove that 1;
the light of secession i.s granted, tlio wishes
and interests o' the in any may at any moment
be sai liliecd to a caprice of the few. Hesldcs
in the p articular case under consideration, th
ti rms ol the preamble of the Constitution form
a complete ubni gation of the right ol secession :
"We. the People of the L'uited States," etc.
Under our Constitution, the amount o
sovereignty possessed by States is indeed ex
Iren.ely small. It relates entirely to their
internal administration. The very first and
distinctive attributes of sovereignty in a State
the power to declare war, to make treaties,
and to coin mom y are unequivocally relin
quished. Many other powers inherent in
sovereignty are renounced, lint Hie right to
make war, to treat with foreign powers, an I
to coin money, is the very essence of sove
reignty In a Slate. How men can read tlu
terms which form tln framework of our great
governmental fabric, without realizing the
Uue import of those se'utences, Is one of H13
masteries incidental to the singular state ol
atlairs in which the nation is involve I.
' As if to place the subject beyond the peral
venturo of a doubt, amendment X of the
Constitution says: "Tlio powers not dele
gated to thu United States by the Constitu
tion, nor prohibited by it to the States, are
reserved to the States respectively, or to tlio
people." This idea, if disloyalists will
pardon us for suggesting a change in the
mere wording of the Constitution, is more
clearly expressed thus : The States and the
jeeple reserve to thuinselves all the powers
not delegated to tho United States by the
Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the
Mates. Tin: powers from which the States
are explicitly excluded, and which were dele
gated to the United States by the people, are
all the attrihulrs of Kovi'rrijnty inherent in
any Slate. Therefore we must conclude that
State sovereignty in tlio United States is a
delusion. Fatal delusion, indeed the germ
iromvihlch lias sprung the plentiful harvest
now being rccped by Death 1
ti 1:11 11 out a 1. no rrtm.N 1 v.
The President of tho United States has d;s
npproved of that part of the recent order of
General Dix which instructs all military
commanders on the frontier, in certain
rases therein specified, to cross tho
boundary line betweeu the United Slates
mid Canada, und the instruction has
accordingly been revoked. Waiving alto
gether tho question of right, in cases
of cxtronio necessity, to adopt such measures
of self-defense as those indicated in the late
order of General Dix, enlightened public
opinion will no doubt acquiesce in the Execu
tive prudence w hich has preferred 10 rely on
the ordinary and regular modes and menus
of security iigaiust acta ol hostility violating
alike the neutrality of Kngland and the terri
torial integiity of tills republic. The order,
moreover, of General Dix had virtually served
its purpose when the President required
its revocation. The Cauaditui authorities
pioinptly signified their dissatisfaction with
the action of Judge Col n-oi. in discharging
the Hcbel raiders on the ground of n want of
jurisiiletion to hold them lor til d, and took mea
sure's to rearrest the parlies, with a view to such
dispel' Urn of them as would at once vindicate
the ueutrul obligations of Canada, and protect
the rights uud peace ol this country from future
raids by ltcbcl rcf tgees uud their accomplice
in the Piltish North American provinces.
It is quite probable that the recent decided
und very unanimous expre ssion of the purpose
of our people to support the Government lu
any necessary steps to defend our Northern
fiontier against Invasion, will urouso the
authoiities of Canada to n more careful pe -foruiimcc
of their duty in the premises, and
avert all rea' and urt'ent occasion for the Ad
ministration lit Washington to resort to defen
sive r.vprd'ents likely to disturb the friendly
lelations of this nation with Great Itrilaiii.
It Is, at all events, a nry serious tiling for a
belligerent power to commit acts of hostility
wilhin the territory of a neutral on nny pre
text, or under any circumstances whatever;
and it was distinctly admitted by the Gnvern
inciitofthe United Slates, in Its controversy
with liiighmil In the case of the steamboat
Cnrntine, that a "just right of self-ib f mse
attaches always o nations as well as to Indi
viduals, and is equally necessary to the
piescrvatlon of both; but that tlin
extent of this right is a question to b'
judged by the circumstances of eieh
particular case; and when lis alleged exercise
lu: led to the Commission of lintile acts
within the territory of a po.verat pivr-c, nothing
less than u clear and absolute necessity can
alioril ground of justille n'loii." It will b.i
recollected that 'lie Cnntl'ii'', employ,',! at the
time by ltcbcl Canadians, aided and abetle 1
by a nun 1st of American citizens, in inikini
war upon the Provinces, was seized by a niili
ta lon e of the latter at Sehlosscr, in the
Main of New York, on tho night of the 2.1th
ol December. 1 17, taken out intotln slrein,
set lire to, and with uU 011 board fl i.ited over
tile Fa Is of Nil,' in. Til Ilrilish G iveru n ! il
avowed the proceeding as planned and exe
cuted b) p rsons duly empowered by Her
M iji si;, s Colonial authorities to take any
s cps, and to do any acts, which might b
111 ciK-iny lor the d feuse of II T Mijest's
leiiilory, and for th- protection of II r
Majesty's subjects." Dul Mr. WnsiKU, as
Secretary oi'State, in a letter o 1 this nubjejt
to the Ilrilish Minister, Mr. Fox, dit id April
t!i, 1-41, said: "It will be for II r M ijesty'.s
Government to show upon what state of facts
and what rules of nation d law tae. (Instruction
(,f the Caroline is to bj defondod. ll will be
for that Government to show a Mr.emily of
lelf-ilij'i nno, inntant, orerirhflmlnj; fair-fay no
thoire of iiiciiiih ami no moment fur lelibirl
lion.' This was the ru'e as regards tho
k nd an I degree of necessity thst would jus
tify the local authorities of Canada in entering
the territories ol the United Slates for bel
ligerent purposes; andit is certainly clear
enough that such an exigency as Mr. W1.1t
sTi.lt describes did not and d cs not now
exis', to warrant our military forces in eras
ing the boundary line in o Canada and co.n
mitli'ig tliere acts of war. The Presided',
thereli re, has very properly countermand " I
the order directing resort to so viol, nit a
remedy in the contingency indicated by Gen
It may be worth while to recall, at tills
time, one or two more of the opinions that
were avowed In tlio correspondence i 1 Mils
case of the Caroline, by the representative of
our Government and that of Great Ureal i
touching the general subject of territorial
sovereignty. Lord Asiiiil iiton, in a lett -r of
July 2S, to Mr. Wi:nsTi:u, said: "Ue
spect for the InviolaU ; character of tlu terri
tory of Independent nations is the most ess
t ill foundation of civiluation. Dat
however strong this duty may be, it is ad
mitted by nil writers, by all Jurists, by tin
occasional practice of all nations, not except
ing your own. that a strong, overpower
ing necessity may arise when this jjreat
principle may and must boasuspend jd.
it must be so fur tho shortest possible
period, owing to the continuance of an admit
ted overruling necessity, and strictly confined
within the narrowest limits Imposed by that
necessity." Mr. Wkhstkh, in writing to Mr.
Fox, ut an earlier date, said: "That on a line
of frontier such as separates tho United
States from Her Britannic Majesty's North
A merit .111 Provinces, a lino long enough to
divide the whole of Europe into halves,
Irregularities, violences, and conflicts should
sometimes occur, equally against tlio wlil of
both Governments, is certainly easily to be
supposed. All that can be expected from
eilht r Government, lu these cases, i.i good
faith, a sincere desire to preserve peace and
do Justice, the use of nil propel meaii9 of pre
vention; and tliat, if otfeues cannot, never
theless, be always prevented, the otl'enders shall
still be justly punished."
A'c may fitly close these quotations with
the following Irom tho message of the Presi
dent to ttie Twenty-Seventh Congress at tlio
beginning of its first session. The extract,
while asserting, very emphatically, tho pur
pose of this Government to admit of no inva
sion of ius territorial integrity, yet expresses
the wise fofbearnnce which should be observed
with rc-pect to any casual violations of the
law of boundary as between Canada and tho
l'uited States. The passage Is especially
important just now. It says: " This
Government can never concede to any
fi reign Government the power, except
in a caso of the most urgent and extreme
necessity, of invading its territory, cither to
arrest tho persona or destroy tho property of
those who may havo violated the municipal
laws of such foreign Government, or have dis
regarded their obligations arising under the
law of nations. The territory of the United
States must lie regarded as sacredly secure
against all such luvaslons, until they sba'l
voluntarily acknowledge, inability to acquit
themselves of th? ir duties toother.
To recognize it as an admissible practice, tint
each Government, in its turn," upou any
ludtlen und unauthorized outbreak on a fron
tier, tho extent of which renders it Impossible
lor either to have an efilclent force on every
mile of it, and which outbreak, therefore,
neither limy be able to suppress in a day,
winy oi teniinncc Into it own haivl,
ami w ithout a remonstrance, nnd in the
ubsonce of nny pressing or overruling neces
sity, may Invade the territory of the other,
would inevitably lead to results equally to bo
depleted by both. When tinnier eoiliniom
come to reieiee the t net 'on, or to be m' In
on the authority of either (:oceriiinont,iciie
nil tear inuxt lie the ineoitable renal!."
TIIK Rr IPHOCITY THFAtT.
The IN eiproclly Treaty lias proved, In prac
tice, to be a most one-sided convention. It h is
el crated In favor of our provincial neighbors,
to our prejudice. There lias been 110 reciproca
tion about It ; and the wonder Is, not that it Is
new about to Is? repealed, but that our Gov
ernment lias sullered- it to exist so long.
Ii( rently published statistics of the
Tnaurv Department provo this fact
bevond dispute. Subsequent to the treaty,
our dime-tie exports to Canada have
increased In value over the period preceding
its adoption, while the amount of foreign cx
poits has constantly diminished. '1 he imports
fn m Canada, on the other hand, have in
rn ased since the treaty beg in to operate. In
s.",4, the first year after th" ratification of the
fli nty, they were f,7 ,C),l)!Mi; In IstlU, they were
If IH.sm.oon. in 1H.1I, the amount paying duty
was f i;,::iiil.(Xl); in lSOli the amount paying
duty wis npproxima'ely fH'Hl.iVHl. Although
tliere Is an Increase of domestic exports from
the United Mates since the operation of the I
treaty ver the years preceding, there Is a '
diminution of them during the 1 1st four year
us compared witli the first four Immediately
fi Mowing its full cfTt t. The fon-lgn exp irts i
show a marked decline during Uie whole eight I
. . . , , 1
years, failing irom more man six nnu a 11.111
millions in is.", I, to one and a half millions in
It would therefore appear that Canada no
longer pureha-.es her supply of foreign goods
In 111 our Importers, as she did before the
treaty was ratified. For the c'ght years pre
vious to ist'ii?, an average of nine and one-third
uiillh.iis 01 our exports paid a duty, while an
livi rage of ten and two-thirds millions wore
admitted duty free. The imports from Canada
(luring the same iutcrval averaged sixteen and
two-tliiids millions, of which but about four
bundled and odd thousand paid duty on
entering this coumry. The following figures
show the values admitted Iree to each country
iu the years named :
I'lVINO lil lV IS CAN AP A,
L'nrilur y'Uf t.
Averuge of 8 years .S, li)l,lst
l i v in,; n t IV in i us cm i so si A i us.
fi ). A "l.
IS 7- ....
lS'll-fC. . . .
ItW-t-'t. . . .
I, III I, I
(in I iu;
5'M, I 9
Ave rare of 8 years.. sj l(7, 2-J
Hence it is evident tliat. under tho Hjcl
proeity Treaty, goods of the United States
t nlering Canada, on which duty is paid, repre
sent an average annual vuliio of 17,1)31,211
more than the value of duly-paying con.li
iiileiing the United Statis from Canalaj
i'lom lSvt) to lMtil the values coming from
Canada free of duty under the treaty wero
almost twice as great as thosa entering
Canada from tho States. In tho years 1S JJ
and lf.(l3 the values, indeed, given ami taken,
iq proiiched equality ; but this is accounted for
I y the enormous shipments of our breadstutri
not really to Canada, but through tho prov
inces to other foreign mark'eU. The following
official tables show the fact:
m icuocrrv imours isio canada i eom thu
i M inn STATI S.
Cat' mlar yar I. Amiuut.
is-s ,;, it t;i.
1SI1I y P,'.ISII.'.7
l'-' " 11 1 1 1 il.: i
ls''3 ;.i 1:1 ne?
Total, K years. .. $73,213,02 )
mcii'iiotnr mroiiTs into tub cm mo statu.
fitrnt Yrarl. Amtiuni
.V '....$I.V. 'J,HV
lS0(t-.,7 lfi 731.DS4
18,'j7-.',8 Ill iliKl.lliS.
is 8-,, t) 12,:i.i7,:t7l
18'oh;i Hi,:v.!72 1
l.Md-ti2 14 2'i.j :,i
Total, Sycurs JSl 15)1S,SS3
The above authentic exposition of tho prac
tical operation of tlio misnamed Reciprocity
Treaty, makes it clear to the dullest compre
hension that we have been for a series of
ycais enriching Canada at a heavy cost to
ourselves, by menus of a commercial arrange
ment which wa intended to benefit both
parties equally, or nearly so; uud our people
should, by such statistics as tho above, bo
fully convinced that If we had no other reason
to terminate the contract, tlio laet that it has
egregiousiy failed of Its purpose, to our Bcrious
detriment, is quite sufilcient to Justify us In
M'c ci py the following deserved tribute from
the Huston Trnnscrijit. Wo have frequently had
occas on to become pi rionally coguUatit of
C'l loncl Coiibon's disinterested services in belulf
of the nation und in the cutise of humanity, and
fill y endorse ill that our aide contemporary has
suid on the sut jecj Fn. Fvrninu Tki.ki.rmoi.
'Honors Won ruii.Y Coni uuiki). It gives us
pUasuiuto uothe that (luvrrnor Anoui:w Inn
H ointed Koiiuiit H Cohson, I'.sii., of Philadel
phia, as Astisiaut tjuartt ruiaster Uuiicr.tl ot M is
Mttliu-etts, with the rank of i.ieuteii.iai. Colonel.
It is but a just recoittiiti n of his vuliialda ser
v ( es, renOireu t'jis tlu as military a:;eut l.irth :
Si w Fi g u d Mates. Itiilefaiigalilc in his e.forls
10 euie lor our sick and wounded soldiers who
he in iti Pliilalclpliia liosu.l:ile, and genurous in
his i iitoitimiinciit ot our rioninuis passing
through (hut city, it Is (litlnj that M.issajhnsiilti,
li, v. r iiiiniiiiiliui of llie welttreofh r del', nders,
or forjotl'nl oi Uiote who tiefileml them, siiouM
lienor liirsep tv hoiioiing Mr Consos.
"As an aekn'iwiecgn.ont of sl nilsr imle'iied
nrss, (,, Ti rnor (iim kb, oi Now 11 1'iipshiie,
ha-1. p nil tei him an aitl upon his stall, with iho
rank ol Colonel, and the Governor ol Ithode
II til 17-
tt.'.l ;o.l: l
i e l t.t ;
8, v."; Jin
;i,"r i.i.t i
I'nnd h corfcrrcd upon him the rank of Men-l-1
"In Hiidiiion to the snlicns dnttps Incnmhsnt
open Mr. Consul ss mill'srv Knl. he hu Ixien
1 o ie zt sinus In other Important florts to help
ths nntli nut ranse. In tlip ortranbitlon of lh
cil, hrHtt tl Volunteer ltelreslimeiit Million ne
tm.k an aetivn parr, snil, ss nn olll er of ths
Snpr'ory ('einmlttpe of Philadelphia, 'or
rsil e rolnrrd troops, ho was rpinarsa' y enrnnsi
1 ml etllclent. l ei tiiiu lie ruiienitAircsi." Ilmlin
VA1TIX- 11ANT110IIN -In fl.Mm! nl ihln Vat !!,
I'M l,v the l.iv.lliie. Illli, NA I II A N IV M V I TI 1 to
I'.A'ITlV; I). HANTUOIIN, li.,th ul .Moy' l.ninl lni(, New
MIX.si)H( Tn St. loti", Mo. lifffit.or Oh.
TI 1 l li I' Al l XAM.l ll, Mr, n, rl ol lt"M,,,r,,uuli.
I I, I.Mlrli.hm.
Al IU 1,1 son -On t',r mnriilnu t,r lint isih InsUnt
M A It I II A Wl.lnn of the l it,, .1 , ,e, I', 1 1-,!.
t,r rt'in I0.14 iiti.l irirn '- nre ttivitf,! 1,1 ( Ii-ni tli"
lie rtil in 111 le't- Istn r-wnloTit-n nt l'l ineiitli on Tlilrtl
rlnv next lht ilt'It llitiml. nt l nVfOtn ',. M. Ciirris-M
w,ll It nt 1 onsiiotio k .-it lo inert tlio b'-l'i A. M. train,
on the N rr.i.t wn Hnllrtiu,!,
Ill 1 I, Co (he S 1 ,nn,, CI nt I! ,fH'l.
0 rp ml I I'WAlltn. ni;ou N 1 1.111, n..y II, 11-th Crnn
i vn'rlo mi i n.f, .i.iiHrn
I uie m t " Mr Oi tftitl- ro f .1 l,l f- r-tn Uw, s i-tti n
Tu 1 it. I.ii'ktn nrr ct. nii iti" . lirliiwiiti. I'nanty. on W-.-.l-lt
I'lio 1 m. Mtt-t nt tie linn r n 1 ri -f l .
lillOWN On llif istn lli'tnnt. llt.MtV. nnlr loin o'
(lt,n,rs A . iinil KllZHl'fitli HroMii, uueJ i yrars. 4 monilm
an, 1 i ilnvtt.
T 1,1 rnaiivri m il irlcii'ln ol tho tiitntly nrr rrpfclfiillT
lnvitiiliofjtti.ini ll:t iiiiiitrI Irnlii lllf rt'Siili'lii i nt tin
ivrtliiliatli-r. Mr. Ilc.ry Mi-Nninarn No. Ill T W tmrlon
pltr. t. mi l nr-tlnv Atti-rn, ton, nt 1 o'clock. To iirornuJ
to Wl arton siri - l ( ttiir, li I .mil.
(1 Ml.l.lil'. - on uif no.rnoi o Oil lsth InVA'it,
KI IM'i II ( osi 1.1.11,, te,l ill pur nu.l inoiit'i.
'lie n-inovi' Mr,il irli-n.ln 01 iln tunlif rf 11' mtI-
tllllV lllTllf ll lO Hltl tl'l llll, lilll'T.ll, lr,,ui tin, ti -1,1 II, 'It
1,1 I n iir nt, No. Jil Cirt.r s rt,' o 1 1' i,t I 1. fit. 111 li
ln.'l..lil, ut I o'tl.iri. To r,ti:oj.l Iu l.i.irot ,1111 Co. Hi
II 1 HI KT .-On tlie isih tn.tant. M AltV I'.. wne of A.
I) llu-l, II m-i I I,' your..
K.111 r,il -iti it'i-i nt I o'rlo-lt, on Ttii't,iv icti'-nonn .
tli .lll, in- int nt th,' 'I'i-oCi II iilMt Cour.'li. Kilitn
rtirri'l t,t,ovc (.ri'i II. S'tllllTul to irj.:t:c,l lo l.il.ircl Hill
( 1 11. i n- y.
Mt K ? 11 ll IT On Sunduy tvnlni;, ti.9 ls:h liintsn',
ASIA Hi iSMi.II T.
1 ui' n"l(i- Hoi In tlvmi ofIS,, fupr!.
Ml'Kllls -On Snn.liiT monilni!, tlio Isih In'lmit,
51 H.liAlll. I' A illllt S.
Hi t ri in'ivi mill ru n It ot 1 In, nmltv nr n-ti ti il'v
invilt-'l to ut I i'li-1 llf mm it ; vl I-. ut lit rt '1 ,c I',-
01 I11T 111 1'tit w. I 1 mi A irrit. 'o.lll s. ..il is' n'li
leri i't to-ii orT"tv ( l ai'toayl uior iln, ut Ju' .l.iti. l.j
tt niii yt sl M'-'liti
VAUor.-nn Fift it.tv sftcmoon, tins Mtli ln.-t.111t.
W l.l.l A M M All 1 1 . 1' 1 'if 7 tn yeilt ol In ' .f.
1 ho relBlivi n Biol lrl ii'lt 01 tln inuilly nr.t InvltfilUt
uttfiiil lli lin'r.il. iri'in Ihe rotl'lfi,"-! 01 '-li s.ni, So.
liW Mount Vitii'iii irt'cl,on '1 lilrtl-ilsy aileriioon, 'i.U
II .il. nl, at 1 o'i lii'k.
(iUU'lTI'II A I'AttHO,
SiB'tiwint Cnrnsr cf SIT Til All ARCH B'.nels,
OtTtr A iplcnilts siorlmi'tii of
1'in.vkMS ton Til K HOI.IIMYS,
WOliK-TA is. IA.CI IIVSKEIS.
WILLI W I HAIKS1. UAIIX -tt Al.Kr.HS,
StUi.s iM) CAIITI, SKA IBS.
SPICK noXl.tS, W AI.NIT IIKAI'KKIS,
r ANI'Y MA II 11 .SAILS
TOM LT SE1.S O 'I I W.i UK. TF.A TUAT3,
USh Ll ILEhY,
Ard rt irp'ttf tlrcx ol
(Jill I'l-'tTII k I'VOK,
11 17 i,t So. iioo Alien serrst.
JOTKT. TO JIOr.SKKHIM'KitS.
Thf snWrltMir ritu on tisud a fhnice o Irctl n of
OLD 1IUANDV, frtm 111 to $16.
r l,K NL'll Bit WHY.
MAliKIRA ANI HllKKUY WINKS, from $1 to 1.
I I. ) A10NON0AIIKI.A W1IISKT, frtin $1 ki ti.
(ilNnrit WILD CHKUHT.anl RAiU'REUBY 11KANT
IllEX, UOSK C01UUAL, Ac, trt'io $J .X) to l.
Alio, BKAMDY, Irom :I In H,
HIIICUliY AND aiADKIIlA WINKS, from tl Ui ti.
kor cooKiNu ruitrostts.
Johr tail At
ISo. 1 IU Pf. Heeiind Ktroeti
fQIFTS FOR Till HOLIDAYS!!
CONFECTIONS or the
FINEST QUALITY Only,
IX CHOICE VARIETY", AND
UcHlrablo for l'vosema,
ST. MCU0LA3 CUOirOI.ATlS,
sii-ofine wnrr' ,oi;oat,
trjicc Initios In Conl'ootloucry,
TOGETHER WITH A XRW IHPORTATION Of
M-lt trp Ho. 1910 UABKBT 8T&EKT.
J N II AN K1MIINO OIL COMPANY.
orricE, wo. loi 8. toima si rbkt.
Sw ui.iart Ati Tu :ai ukuJOIIS '. 8AVBUV.
.Tolin Krt( l in, Kiimii'! Hhtan, Mrk ntrirntou,
TlidiLim v. Maik-y, haonirl A, H.trrmon, J ihn iibuii,
W . A. Ailuiift. l'WO A. lVotlpiKT. J"liD C. Hnvuiy.
CA11TAL biOCK, 3(0,0C0.
fO.0iKi lhrr ( 10 vntrh. :tO.'iOO Nhiires teerr& by
tl . ouiMni.y kt WiThiiiK pUl .
1 lie C'uiiipuDjr Imve nrcurttl iu fee Klfupl one of the
DK.t tauil.lr tut ir lut irK Mr:t-tt on Utf Koln-rf Karm,
on ( rtii ti r'M k, vuaiiu icuniy, I'ft., ''"ul luur iaiIo
imui C ran tin.
tritct eonUliii atxint tn acn-a, with ft river tn front
et nnriv !m u iVtM, und I'us nup'iior iHiiroaJ faWhuei, Ui.
la'ii.'Bd trfin .Mi'iiilvif m (fi) 1'ity rutiiilnif throuwh tn
'opfiiT. n it iLerr ! a rcl'tiralfd (Ml i-ntu, t ie
proi'iici ol Dc-tiWA luriuaUy utttl by the luoltui lor
Tlie i n p t.i)' haie one wfH'J40 fr t kp, pro'lucinif the
t vii'M Luuru fctniif (nl, hUt. i wit-tn mi thu nretcul
driiv-Ait.'i tf r tmrrr, and m (i.t-y are imw irfnrln Die
nttxiif ar uix-tliiery iir worhloy this aiul oilier well. l
ik O'lif.driitly i xpi rit-d, .-rl in tl eaTitu A ihrgi
tii-'Mlilv oivldt mt t.. Ihv. Kto ahrlcrm. d
A lnuiiffi luimtKT nf hnr'i wiutiol(l at tbe original
pr c of One l"liat cr itiare.
SithscMb'Ti tA (intertill Oilr TiArat'ii will be riutr'd
pa i .'i p r ( eot. ui ti;t rtitniarlritloa price , iul tlie halan ae
u ttit ilchttT.v of thr rcrtlflcatf pay Jnnttary let, 1 6.
A ih l' aiiona ter N(u a mav t mal at ti.i oiHca of ihd
C u i ). h: l-J buuiti IO I Mil nti.n ex-ot.
in' ) a i I ('li fintri iri CoittijAnv i vtl may t irm, si
inv nU rniAtu n it Uilire to tbe property may 'h'X
luiicd. 1'2-17 tllw-5M
aianiitaciory, Xq. -jh AKt'lI Rtrft, UO
Auve bixtti Ntret,
WlinlNBle and Ki tat).
'I tit nioii en ttif.lt tv auMiittnriit ot l.nillf '. MUss add
O liiii r ti'r. Hoop Sk irta In theilty.tn evvry ri-ot tint
r a. tlilch inr htie. ttni-h, duraMUty. and cheapiais,
h svo no '!t;tl in Hir market.
Hkn's uittUi' lo order, alttnd, and "ratn-e".
fri-ly W.l. X.ilOrttKfl.
y r ii c a n
OIL AISD MINING COMPANY,
UT TH H
BTA1J. OK l'-.NNSYI.VANtA.
Capital, $1,000,003. - - $500 Per 9hare.
Tin. rTA . i a r thu omr ant
ATe lo. aed In the liirt rnire of thf g-f t oil dUtrltt A
Won Virginia, nad ln llot a W(H(J ff tl (rrrttl? urpue
ln the famed 'Ml rr-i;a rt on of Ptati yl"le. Tbef
OV KH Hf0 ACKK-4,
All In fe liniplo dltios ftinmltii d oy ai eiulnnt I'Til'alel
pliln lnwfr, ann pr homii p1 Indlpir mla 'oifil in tke
w-t)-knnD r.iirtilrK Hpntig nnd O.cU KanavriiA cM
KM'. Hie P. I'ard K4rtn of tie o'-t IMrn'ntr flprlif
rvn r, c in'aiuiritf or our lnindiril arret. i cloni pn s
liimi i" tin v 'o, on f ery Ide. arc i.tn t'e t ih m
'ttT'.ifiii uti w ts tn Wr-t Vlrp n n, a-d w.itiln Ah ,ti
nre a-nl a TitT tilling In lot mod the wi,l !y cilo r l
"I.t ilyn" anil "hicriiAl Centre ' wt lls, tte luruierof
wr xli I!m! lul'y
'IIJRht; 1HOUNl ('Xlt It A KliKLS OV 01U
Iu Itk Iti srnite't &u ji yield of o'l over known, ind
( ry eonNlderubly euri-ftislnit. b h In niintliy and n'l.JUy,
the pn duct of any two wclln In 1'eniuvlvauU.
Mernt.d. 1 hrcc thuand '.I'M ) acn a in two estatei la
the ceniro of the i, region of the ;n at Kanawi.a. AkD
wilier ei tire lntrh oil Is hell vpd t cxis: In lumfiia
deposit', a AtUe trmn the Artiml d( vrlopmenti lor el,
IhecAt) rati n nt the ne xhtioilnif Hn.t Woiks I etVeetel
h l(fthn tlie Tetrole 4iu cmi.tti3 iruai auhlcri AotAd
recroira f oil.
1 l.t Company c-t at a have pen srctireri at rel y lew
I rl -en $ In nil), nud tire del d ill met true, , r l Al
owu T 'o the Btoci-huUeii A Die ul ;iu Oil ai.d A Inia
Con pdi y.
'j ". ta'uj en! hnportja'o of tho Coapany's iro.ieriy
my be Info red y-iru thu fn-' thai lens -a for ndj n ng
liiK's.vi h lR"if nyiliiea nt oil, hwe Ittii sod f T 4
b'hUi gr. Ater iltan the l' n uplo cost of tlie Coin p any
e ate n I If p-treiiK d Adranra.'eni,a to tho I ockhol ,
It 1 bcii td lii'. bui Hi lt d;M c i ty would bo experi
ence l In Icahitu ii portion of their territory ut a bjnut u
roynJty t renter than tho oat of tlio wliolo,
H1K Vl'LCAN OIL AND MW N3 COHPANTj TO
la oriAnUi ,t Ard w i be coodncied euU-;y with th t1o oC
Airitdlt g a i' mots of pcrtnnm-nt biifilncni profit to tkoio
iiiiere-ti-d ; mi : in order to plaoe tr.o Cnmpany'a oil lit the
marko. At the oar'ldt moment. Tigurous operation will b9
1 a i-tu c of uddit riMl profit to Uio st c" hnUe-e,ai4
A'ri tun o at on lo the Adjacent prtHl..cors It in p:opoie4
'oonciAlAge reHieryat nudi a p.,int and a dr iueh
aii-p efi as tlie Ulrcrtora miy determine will Imure Ut
la rye ft n tui n.
Olio but dn d and twenty tlvo thousand aharJi of
etocx ( uly will be suld, and no fnrthtr subscript oa
wlil be acepttd ut Any prlee whati'ter; ttie r em ah I of
7f,,i' laiciptmid pledis't J to be oiuu!ly dMJod betwea
the rUliial fubirrlhcrs at such a time m the 1 tree tori
may deem must AdvanUfeoui to tho Interest of Uit
Ttie iam.ni profit to be derlred from earnest aaj snc
ceaful working li ihown by tho iVt that a aIdk'a Cum
pan lathnyrarpayin-- to the itockh'jUdit (ll.OJ.OJO)
one Diilllon of dollnm in . ssh dlrldendt, besldea A UAnd
oDi reiervo for Additional di vtiOiinen.i.
Tbe eobslAuttMl Indueetnenti which tho Vulc iu Oil and
MIiiIlk Couipuuy ot:er to those deqliou of roenlring an
ii.terebt in a ourov uf weitjtli that is n.w atarill g ho
whole world, Are of a cliur.tc:er Uuit merit the gravest
Tn pcrnoiis Intennted or not interested, every InfirmA
tloncoceerning tho eataten of the Couipiny, its working
And proKHcta, will be freely given, And deUilel maps aq!
charii will be cheeriully shown.
kubhcilptton (o a Liu ted Atnuant of (he stock (if mi
altraiy ektnt may bo obtained At orl6liul print $1
J. L. WILI.OlOIinY, SecretAry pro teal.,
lo. iH WALKUT HtrArt.
HENBT 8IMON3, E , Prosid- nt. H
TO M . K I' I' A C T 1' it K R S . TO RENT, A.
j.Kcw Fact-r rtinldiiiy. nim cmaini'tli 1. Willi lwutr
.In' p. wr, l , rt l.rnr'lill .tin, at. n 1 1 Ii t'ua,, i,r ri.nr
tftanf fliM-i-l, v,-lkn in..'iiiii.T. AJai.1 ui .iin from
lt 10 40 ill iahv I in, b.illilluK is lnu-.t'iry, iluulila
tt"ir, lilth ci'lii.,.. tlnith"! In ilia Mil uiauucc, aoil
llxb'td liuiu Ifiir alGfa. Ills built exbrrsBly lor he fiu-fti-
ll. .iim-r I-in,.? nn. Ti.u I. a Ku.,d .iM,ftiiiilti fur
aartivs rai.tinir ,ow. ran! ulunmir lor ln marfcui. aa I aa
Iici lo a.c ait H i jt.i i: Ill'' pitllllicn tbal a aula oao Vura
ff. AnI), Hi
JillIV ( I r".HIBNNIa
11-M ' t raiH,Iril,l'hiiaJi'lpraa.
WAN 'I KD VKSSIC LS TO LOAD KOR
avissrnMi lliist,,!, hitil i'WV,.ik- I niniedtatl dsp itcli
li.ii.isl raiaa fun. A ','lv to WII.LIial UL'N f KK, J.
IU., Mo.AS.'j WALNL V Mratl. U-M-UTp
U JlOrNTV FOR MAUINES. WANTED
Brortr.e I miiU Hti M4ilim Curiia. aiila hoiiim n,rn
I'l in parfi rm fn outlf. nf a o:,l:.,ral oor Navj VarJi
aiiJ ua Iwarl Uniltd hlam. ihliia oT war uu toralmi
Ah" ,.rral I'O'd I'irVpi.
ALL 1 HB L' CAI. II'M'NTIKS ptl.l gpo! u!i,;mW4.
Tt a of stiv!.-w. oorli-ars.
Btttri- aiin.. u.iit't n Lli.ii ilia arm,
lrtauars r.ci its Prlau Muni-.
Apuiuuiions ir iran.f.r Irojilhe Armr will not ba t-
ill ll IL.
Tut All funlitr aafuraiatlon applj at Ike Rerriitltnr
o. ail S. TRUST t.t, btlow giiruee itrcai.
tatw.es u.a loma ol and i u imct
, ,. ' ! MiOv'.BY,
Mojor I iiuiil huh a iiurim- Uurin.
pAKES FCU T II K HOLIDAYS. RILKY'S
J riiiiilanon nilll.i.l tie anrpa.l. Jio. uu UCK
-.- . ,..uu.Kla7 m... Hum .v.
afuiiiaaiftgW and Mwirt.ur Ijbm, rla luiaara and
liaiii.n i ai.al. 1 li. alcamers ol li e,. Uuca are laarlna
daily at IV o cl.k M .. and 4 o clock r. M., t't. u thSI olif
rnr rr.liiu, tikk wH ba tat.n on a-Mmauxl.ttna-