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THE DAILY KVENTG'TETiKGRAriT. PnTTjADELriTTA SATC2RDAY, SEITEMBER 17, 1BCA.
SUVK1HV. M i ll Mill-!l 17, !';.
"I til j li.ivr I uncil li'-r virjti'i i m-,
Mic, with nr i niru i''1,
1 lull lV. I ', ' II - : ..- .1 .'I l
I. i.- in I'u i ' n '. j i nh' . ,
h-ll 11 1 I ,?l .! .' .' V..
Hi r i -v I re i ' - ' 'I v.
II. r i Im i.i - I. I ;. H.'" i ivi.ii' 1 i-.
I ' 1 1 1 l .' ' I ir 1 1 1 ' I ' ' I t r t n V 1 1 : nuil.
Sri ) i-Mi .1 . rt fi . t ir rn.ii, iv,
N il nil n ilii- ili' i. t'.it- 1 'i.' . -A
'.' iin i
Til i l.er sili ! V il,. I'l--,' '--
III my ii I r 'n r.''M i -, I v. 1
W h i.n th-i' m-iiNi A.n.ir i .fif i.
TMt thr. e.ir Ii i i Hio M ,...1. -i'i
Over Ibo t'ltlll Is A nl iii.i.- f ii i i .
Whrr.'viT 1 11 1 .11' ,i 1 1 '.:V . ' .v
Th- y iiive 1 (,,r ii,.r :h it di-i r.il 1 ' y
'I hoy tin il nil: i , V-'. v.vi'.n l.
I'irNn. lii 'ri.p.il Si. Ii. m :
Wov Ii" 'It .1 . iv I- r nyi;, :i '.
At'ii it.i '
Ii.ii h lllu.' Ii' - 1. 1 - . 1 .
All nit 1 '
liul.l .s ii-4r c in I.i y - lilt.- t n -1'
tmr lovee wi- hiii-i inur . ti i(-:y .-i-.
II" tin n ; Imr I ills i' 11. ii-.n -.i I.
Iron app'rs of .In -nr I tln-v,
1 hat I- nry l u is, t.r v V I. !'!.
Tl.rt w 11 t'jc h.i I w 1 t :u- s-istttrs hIi,
Hitter fruit t ir 111. my u i-iy.
Sii.-h wi-r.! tli. i.n.i.r Ri'i i 1 tli.'- '
fiurli w.ie lliy w vl'i! if "ixt. r '
KtiRil flu si... a li.in; ii it. .I. '
Aa ttiat rtshv iiiht. ire K vn
llnnnr t tlic fir.'. 1 in l.r -nc.
And a miitlity h .11 wii- dun',
So at in iliitui: day ti..iy c
1'. aiT ai.tl I'tiiuti. twins llir t i.rrt.
Ki-intt 11,1 in their brnuty rimst,
N"l this Putin it'll a-. 1 1 1 1 : 1 sc.. !
'I'll. 11 -In- lirr'.'lt slutll Ii:i.j tnc .1 iy
t hen iiiimi t.i tmr nr-is l.ii 1 1-,
I UII. Ul NDN.
f " Tlii- I i'-.iiii ariii.i-. cm ii,.- n i- in n.-. ' i'ir .rlifi
tiil ;ri -h ii .in.-. Aw l" .I....I. .t.r... A i'iii -, n'nt
li.. fio..i .v..T i t in-mt t fir t h i. . '. e 1 1 I,
cr n. fit t li'C 10.I i'.ii i-i. n-..ii ..u ..r .l i.-i-.
rrtil ur HnkKl urv. wi-evi-r timm-il I''i n.i h.-l.irr )
Hllrli-'. mil .l!..-. I.ir.iyi im.iit--.. it I.m- . i.i. ut ly ui-. n
i.il'iilt!y r rr 11 ml.
Tin: cmi.isii wilts ami i:;i.Mm
Tlit following iiiecr in.riinriiili U (.'.liaR Iho
rnun.lH, h.nini; npiM-aruJ aliiKily in u liiimirod
j"urnnl8 tli ut we lime nccti :
"The battle if Waterloo clo-iod sixty-live j pum
of Knliili war, in bieli t int; the liritiih (i if.
rriinifnt Imrronvtl t , I7-"i,hi,00 I an I Mi-n'.l
Slii.'iUl.ilOO.IKKI hytnxe;ii lo-ul of 1 lii,l'.i),.
000,000 i Xittnli-J in war, for uimsiM wbicli lci
tninly iliil nut ri c to the Irvcl of tmiinnitl pn'si r
Tntion. In ini-lve jc.irs of w ir ntr lins' N ip ileou
the funic i-mtntry c;ii'niU d if i.TI' i.ooOjd in, 0i- live
niiniircii rjuliihini per annum.
It will be observed ihut ill.: figures in res inl to
DRllfth WiirCxiii nHis make nitlieru mud Ho; but
we let thvtn p', and conllno our c irroftlons to
the time mentioned. At the sixty-live years men
tioned terminated in lKI.'i, they miist date from
17.10. In 17"i0 l-'.ngland whs at pc ice, and so re
mained nntil 17.50, when the Seven Year' War
began. Thus six years are taken oil' nt once
from the fixty-live. The Seen Years' War ter
minated in lV'i.'l, and EiikIhikI remained at peace
until tlic spring of 177 , when the war of the Ame
rican Hcvoltitiou beKiin. Thu twelve years mora
re taken from the aixiy-livo years of llritiuh
The jeice made iu 17bl laiteJ until the begin
ningof 17!'3, wh 11 the cutest with lU'iniblaaa
Frunce began. Thus are tun years m ire lopped
from llriiihh war-time between 1710 and the
tuuimer of IMS. Tho war with Kepiiii'lenn
Franee terminated in 1H02, and that with Napi
lenu besanin May, IsOil, Napoleon then bein in
tie 1 011 rue of spoiling into an Kmpcror, as the
Uopublicana hud it. Thus more th in a yeir is
to he added tn tho time ol British peaee. The
Ami wur with Napoleon lasted until April, lrtlt,
or not (piiie eleven years, and was followed by
piaee with France lor a'ni.t a year, when the
tsecmd war with Imperial Fiance began,
as the ennee Uence of the Kmpcror'a return
from F.lba; but as F.nglaud was u; war with the
United Htatea for mo-t of the time lietween
Napoleon's lust abdication and the date of his
bii.f resumption of power, wo suppise that
pence can claim next to nothing of the Interval.
The second war with Napoleon lasted huts tew
months. Of the alxiy-live vcars that terminated
in the summer of iHl.i. Knuland was at war anout
thirty-seven years. What we supp ise is me int
by the writer of the paragraph we have quoted Is
Uii, that England was at war for slx'y-livu years
between the date of the beginning of her national
debt and the date of the tinal fall of Napoleon the
First. If so, he is not far wrong; Inn then Iho
force of England's example with regard to na
tional debt is lost to us. Our debt has, as it were,
Fprung into exitence per inltttm, at a bound, that
is, while the knglish debt, as it stood in lsl.'i, was
of slow growth extending over a period of almost
one hundred and twenty-seven vears. The Eng
lish debt was but small when William and Mary
Legan to reign, early in l'iti'J.
The war that followed wj h France wa tor
minated at the close of 1UD7, by the treaty of
Jtyswick, leaving England with a Targe debt,
t'eaee was maintained lor four yeurs and a half,
when the war of the Spanish Succession b"gan,
and was closed by tho treaty of Utrecht, in 17U,
the national debt being much increased. Then
there came a long peace, brokon only by a
few short and unimportant affairs that hard y
deserve to be called wars. The war with Spam
began In 1730, ami soon ran inio the war of the
Austrian Succession, which was brought to a close
in I74H, by the treaty of Aix la ('Impede. Eight
years of peace then came, to be followed by the
Seven Years' War, and that war was followed by
Inore than twelve years of peace.
Then there was war araln for eight years, or
thereabout; and then ten years of pea 6; afier
which there was almost unbroken war for more
than two years. It will be seen that England
had long breathing times, in which to rucovur
from the ctlccts of war ; and it is notorious that
the vast IndiiMriul sys cm which has eaablei
England to hour so great burdens of seeming c
pcDUiiare and permanent debt, was developed
since the Revolution of loys, and most of il si ire
17ti.'l, at whieh later date the debt bad become
aliirinli.gly large. The growth of tho English
national di-M Is a follows : In HIK'l, !.'( 1 .2'J't ;
in 170'2. il6,S!'4,7ltt; In 1711, Hl.l l'),3ti: ; in
I7i,i;i38,Wij,430;lu lrs.l.f.'Ul.h-il.O.'Nj in 181 ",
The i-.ng i-h debt grew ut Ihe late of six and a
half million pounds, or a Utile more, during 127
years, but the wealth of that country grew at a
much greater rate dining the same time. Emm
theae loots, however, no inference uulavorable to
the iouiidnens of our credit can be drawn ; for wo
possess rt tourers of ineieao gte iter than Eng
iatiii ever ptis-essid. We Lave a vast unpeopled
ttiritory, full of every good thing that can attract
the industry und dem md the energies of hit nau
iiy; and into that t. rritory teus of thousands of
foreigners lire now goinr, .md 011 the ro.tora
tion of peace r.ml iiniiy, hundreds of thousands
would aimually enter it. It Is possible th it we
might led the'burdon of a debt of .f",'iO0,000,0lli)
rather hard for tin) lirst lour or live years
utter the cessation of hostilities, but it
would not bo so heavy as the burden w hlcu
we now bear, but would bo considerably
lighter; for then we should not bo paying
war luxes, as the army and navy would be
Lreduced to small protiottlons. Surely, if we can
iUy UOIlI.Y ill MS ill nni nun;, nu runi.iu ikj nuiu
to pay what would be, comparatively speaking,
light tuxes in a time of peace? i'ivo years got
over, ti net the debt noulit not lie felt us a burden
ut nil. The liicn a-c of wealth and pi o-p.-rky m
the settled part of the country ulotic wiiuUI Mil
lice to oldiuratu ul tin; const itiencos ol war, and
to 1 licet the thorough rcliabilihitioa of the Ki
public. Until North and South would bo in tho
po ses-Ion of prosperity, w hile the heroic deeds
of both paitic- to tho coullict would form a
clime n fund of national reputation, and tho
country would hue a chara-tor to maintain
(but would led it to be rureiul of Its a-tion
11s a debtor, 'i hen the opening up of new ter
ritories, and the aduitiou 111 that way Hindu
lo our means, would bo i much clear gain;
mid as beloi i: tho wur we never felt tho annual ex
leiidituro of i.lnio-t 6 100,000,000, so then wo
iliould fxpclcnco no pressure lu paying tluec
times that amount. The increase of property uud
lobulation in this country is destined to be
enormous, aud that us one of tho cotisc.iienecs of
the war. Such a moving of the mind uud ener
gies us wo have undergone is never without
ei'e. t. The sword is a terrible devastator, beyond
oiiestion, but equally Is It a moral plotiglishsre,
that turns up tho mental Held, and prepares tho
way tor production such as never l'ol.ows from a
long period of unbroken peace. England's wars
have cost her much, but they have paid that cost
liver uud over again ; and whut has happeued iu
lingland will happen lu America. liualun Tim:
L il U: i.
A'ter'svinfi'. s. 1 . I for a proper
onteiup aliou 01 . ") 10 . .1 , i. (ibsen hundred
years npn, It Is cak-nl i. .. ti.r. v it back to tho
ilay of r.,;lin .11. 1 t n 'c 1 contrivances,
to find, at the to i- ,! i', u, t. ,, by wbi h we
have to cub 1 the n l . i , ., iblo, at which
we arc call. d !i -i '0 ,. im of ni'her
less tli.in a II 1,:. V, . . . , , through this
oni i-'c. th . 1, 1. ii -s b.i- k, in-l,
to :ui l-.tuli-lnioui nt .. . , has only jiit
aiine.l a: Na, ..v, .,, . t,lrn to the
an. i. in 1 i'y of !' nn, 1 he a in I feci it tite a
niMr..lne ,rr i' a 1 ln.. - fun.fal to ccl,
I. in'- ..i .,,') i , 1 . , - :irn the corner
ol 0111. of the str. 1 - e - .. . . . . .1 1,'. No lom'cr
.ie a giud' la.. )i d I oi i.i- l '. i-itf-l vi"i; r,
f. nd ilr g him r.-mor..-l '..!v Ii 1 one object t")
an Cher, l-i.i In- is . u 10 o lei in her or ilnilier
at li,s ..wo n i l, i;' l. 1. In: e.-f... t,
w iteh the ci'.tul on ri'D.- id iho wiruien.
ui.d only akinu .iies:iou h 11 t; t ases
'Ihe leiprivid s k 1 tn on -m- . tho ex aw
lions', are c induetc I. 1 m. 1, a-; 'r v:c I a1. I-1 1-!
out err. ',1 -im.s id- a w. re( -'ft.' !i" in.iau- i- ;n
w liieh the iiou -( A of r-nnp ei ive.c con-tfte i-,.
Intend ol 'ie 11;: . oii'iued t 1 1 -tr and :i 10c, s line,
of I'u in Here luiiO with a Ibi-ir lb ive, dii .1
veini.it. ill looking low. nils tiie .,-1. Till. .
the 'M'f w ' h I he h-uie ol 11.' I i; ; a-id IU ... der
to i'.h- soiih thing like a char i.n-1 ol' what 'v. a - I
hav hai-- ned in .1 large n iinOer of ho i.i; Is
im that or. a liul i'ay -. n i1. 'Ii .oy w is ,-nt n ic i,
I will take this m .ri as nn ex on b..ie- i. wj
liai pen to kiunv more a'lout h ui than no . r .my
in her I'onipeii n.
I'm Milus was in a'l prohib l.ty a ri , ,. r
tainiy an intluenti.il, ciuen. ll- n tmeo -eir
in conn. ctiiiii wnh eh eti in m liters In mure than
onep a c. tin the iih of the eati 1.1 tj h
hini'C in the iu eriptioll, 'j-n.oi i ,i r:Jt '.,. '.
ri"a', which may be Ire'dy tr.in la'e.l by the m-s--iipiion
mi a w ill nppo it" to tli.- i-.hi h n in , !i
I am now w riling, '-I'. ix for l'.ubin y ;" n d f u
lll-l.ltit, a p .ttis.lll of one es iI.tti-i- ii id scraa-Vd,
" Siilunii'ti oii.iii 'in, ;'. ,t Kir i, '. tf ft '," an
f-iitally free ton, - latum i f w hi h wo-ilj 'i . "i I
Ji-ne, snpiort li- hinsoii as alderai.i'i I'.tr II -hop-i-gute-
w i-hour, and he will propose t.iec f t llislmps.
g. ite-I. i. Inn."
His house w-.is tiudcrg ing rep lirs when tho
e.itustroph? o -ciirrcd ; Iho pouters' pots and the
workmen's tools were h-ft sc oter. :d abo.it, an i a
part of the tuiirtncnt hud been t.ViCti up. A niliu
ber ol cooking n ensi's wer- beapc l up in una
c truer, showing that til" opcraMons of the work
men presented them fi im being put in llcir
proper place, tl hers, containing various arti les
it food, were iiumring on the lit le st ives. On
a broue dish, in reidiness to put in the oven,
was a hih Miik' pi Lf ; the oven itself for the pre-ent
ctigngeil in taking bread; moie than seventy
loaves in all tho greater put of thein wighing
about two pounds have been taken out of tho
oven. Hut the pig never entered tho oven, nor
wi re the loaves withdrawn until alter a sojourn
there of nearly eighteen hundred years, fhev
null retain their form, tli uili not the.r color.
The porous cavities in the Interior nro still dis
tinguishable. The chemical cons.itutioa, hu
cver, has undergone a change; if we take n little
of the crumb, and rub it bcUecn tho linger ani
thumb, it ci limbics to powder, and has very much
the appearance of coal, the propt rtion of cub in
in the centre being Ics th in lu tho crust ; and t lie
proportion of water, which is Ti per cent, in the
crumb, somewhat greater.
They were early risers In the h uA of I'roca
ln, and the cook had begun hi. operations by
lamp light, in the expectation, that us day had
followed night, and night day hitherto, this order
of things was eternal. Hut davlight did not
come ; the tlatncs poured forth from Vesuvius',
nnd showers ol asms rained down on the citv,
making it so intensely dark, I Inf. fathers cried
aloud for their wives, and thoir wives lor their
children, troin whom they were but lew yii'd d.1
tiint, yet ci.u.d not see by rea-oii of the darkness
asilcgeiistbat which fell upjii Egypt, and which
Moses describes us a darkness th cotil I be felt.
Hand in hand, us many as could grope thoir wav
towards one another quitted the h mse, pissing
on their way a sentinel, n lio kept his post in bis
set.try b. x, striving us well as he could to keep
himself from choking by tho uslp-s, holdiug his
lniiid before his inuuth, striving urn in v.uii, for
the ashes continued to fall in c-s uitly, until they
ti l.d the box, and buiied hi.n alive, still hoidnig
his weapon iu one hand, and with tho other,
covering his mouth and nostrils. 1'h.jre were
two persons, howevir, who were !oft behind by
I'locultts uud his family; one of these, u woman
w ho stiiyed to till her ujirou with jewels, an I who
fell In the open court, never to lis again, scatter
ing us she did o the baubles for which she had
s.ieriliced her rliiine 's ot'eseape ; and the other a
wi muled giadiator, who probably occupied a
room on the- lirst tloor, w here he perlshe I, with
his iirms by his side.
Bt'lhire is, it seems, hardly any risk a woman
w ill not incur to suve what she most loves from
peril, whether it happens to be her child, hor
tiinkcts, or her dog. Indeed, it is said tli it on
tho occasion of a long sub-cpicm eruption of tho
funic mountain, the nuus of a icligious comum
nity neurJy sitlletcd ihemselve to bo surrounded
by lav. i, in order that they might save their jams
and sweelmeats. It may have been tho wile and
daughter of I'roculus wlio-o b .huh were disco
vcred lying near each other; the older having to
all appe.irai.ee yielded up her breath wi'h slight
resistance, w hereas the younger had evidently
struggled convulsively before resigning her young
lile, us is shown in the models taken by p airing
liquid plaster of i'aris into the m mlds formed by
the pressure of their bodies on the volcanic
ashes. These two were found lying near each
other, but in another place wcro tound tho skele
tons ol two young people who had laid down to
die folded lu each other's arms. Elsewhere were
discoveicd a mother and three children, all buried
together in a living grave. Seventeen others
perished in a Cellar in company. Tnough tho
excavations aro fur from complete, there have
been, according to one writer, m ire than six hun
dred skeletons discovered already.
As to the objects excavated, they are exceed
ingly numerous. The must valuable are taken
to the .Museum In Naples, but a vast number
remain in the collection of l'ouiicii, and every
(b y adds to the number in both places. Of course
tho gieater part of these aro of no intrinsic value
whatever; they are interesting as relics of a
people, some of whom were living at the very
time when some of these momentous events
were taking place in i'.ilestiuti which have
changed the face of the world. Articles of real
worth have, however, been discovered; for ex
ample, a lump made of go'd, weighing nearly
three pounds troy. Hut l'ompou was not a
city in which similar things are likely to be
found frequently. The excavations that have
In en made have been so cx'cu-lvo as to estab
lish Ihut; and if we may judge of tho future by
tho past, there is quite as little pros
pect of articles made of the precious mends
iicing discovered, as there would be in tho case
of a place like Worthing, il it mot with a simi
lar ca'jisirophe, and the inhabitants had had a
few hours to carry away wbat they considered
ol most value. The articles most generally
found are those used iu the ki'chens and the
shops bulky natieis, of little worth, In tho
estimation of the terrified owners, but of great
value to us ol the projent generation. It is
moie likely, too, that these things are genuine,
than (hut such things us rings, ear-rings,
bioochcB, and other small arti dos of Jewelry
nrc, which are sold n such; Indeed, tho ma
riutaetiirc of those Is or has been a regular
I I ii tli i' ; and let not any iiiin who has visited
the buried city, and bought surreptitiously
from one of the excavators a jewel or some
other relic of utitiqul y which the man has
turned -mil b. lore los eyes, imugino th it it
must have been the prop- rty of a 1'oiupeii tn ; those
wiio plant, know where to dig, unci those who
sow, w here the harvest is to ue looked for und
wo net er saw a Neapolitan, nor, lu fact, any other
nuiu at a similar pluec, w io s. i ni -1 to think there
was uny harm in supplying a demand, by the
substitution of a modern article lor tho JM-osumud
iimiiiie. l'robib y very runny d those are manu
factured in our own towns, since there are few
tilings they do not make there. A translation
tn lu a price current Issued bv ail Engll-h house
for I shall we suy reinstating Idolatrous wor
tlnp. describes tho beauties of certain imig s
wbic the uborigii es were in Ihe il ibit of worsh.li
ping, In the most glowing language, and at a price
lidiculnu.-ly low, considering iho use to which
they wen to be put.
'Ihe excavations nrc now being made on a
sc ale uud w iih a cure wlne'i will soon exhaust
wbHtcvcr objects still remain hiddi n by the ashes.
A stniuettc of Sileniis has been discovered quite
recently, Which Is described ns possessing grea'
merit. It Is about eight inches in height ; in its
hit lunula holds a Serpent, which suppoitdu
glass vase, siiiiuunded with gold of exquisite
work ii iinsh p ; unfurtiniHtch , tho wise was
broken, and only two frugiiiouts had yet been
found. Two large and elegant candid. ibr.is were
uiso tound in the same house, as well as two
cupacious silver vases. Among the recent disco
veries, that which seems to have excited the most
interest, is the accidental opening of a spring.
Tho water Immediately came hubbliug up, clear
und sparkling, and Inviting everybody who camo
near to drink of it, hlch they did, some of tliolu
iu their enthnsiusm swallowing a sullieieiit quan
tity to cause tin In si-l ions personal Inconvenience.
Several hott:i.s were tilled w itli it, which were
Seided us cu re fully as if it wcrotlie very choicest
of I.uchriuya Christ!, some of whieh were des
patched to the King of Italy, and others to the
rope uud other favored individuals.
The Shecuwutcr House, on the Niagara rircr,
was destroyed by lire on Thursday night. It was
a furorUe place of resort for llullalonlant.
A'! j cti rdny I is- pu, u ,
Sitting s'onc In he -n ;
A ml ti.e On .mi t tt I s,i ,,i a so It tost by
It h ste.l tid d iy was d v
I rn ited not cloud or Ynl
That III trd mo ti c hill,
'i lb h u mm in f n f oi the -v V 10 v,
Or the trl klin ol the ml.
I to- k the Ihr. a Is for my spinning
Ml of t-!iie siimiiit-r air,
A - i i tt . t ...in,, r v . -f .iint; 'Ii'
:, wo . II in ho'e md 'here.
I '1' ' s ,. w ,i,,ig , ,, I i, r,
il. . ve tii a md p i -sc. I liy,
A-. I lo p ii pie !.- d ,r of s'u net
H i II .-iu ,y -be V. .ten, e-.
It'it I could no' I live my sp i'i ti iu w ,
I' or M) 1.1 - " y t I'll '-.i-i i v
1 h' i .'ed not hoar hi hom ,
limv III'1 ilel.t day h.ol t' v u.
A' lit the crny slni.biw f. roniul me,
t-d the ni lit - im.- d irk anil . hill,
A c. I I r-.-e und r in il mn ttie v -tbey.
Ami . It i' uli on the l il,
I w. 'it up the ti i : I th s tno-ninv.
I i i'u- pl i ... b.-re my pi num.- lav .
Hue 'vas n itliing but gliNte.mil- ,it , d,,,-,.
lieiiiaoi. il o: my dr. mi to d iy , '
I III I il M S Ol lK I 11.
Kvcy year Dr. W. I -hi r prr --'its to 'he It .s-l;ar-fli
iic.! a statement on the e i i. s of d-atti
ln(l.nglan.i. The mem iir if Isiii basins' b en
issued. We Icirn from i-. that the . -v'rt n u-'-l
ft vers ityphus, tv pbia, an! tv -phiiiui t lilied
t ; 1 , 7 -! 1 of the peiqile in the year. 'Hie records of
the Fever llospj-al supply ina'erials for an esti
mate ol' the proportion of the niortali'y to tho
number attacked, and up m this authori'v it may
be taken tho' in the great b. tt'e wi'h fev r m ire
than 17,ouo of the people ,,f En q ,nd were de
stroyed every yiar iu the ton years is IS ls'i7
and above Mi.isiO were severely wounded, I n
recovi red. The whole 1 0 I probably averaged
about a month's sickness, so tint thoai-'itigo
ver population was about I J,7oi. Thev would
i I 17 hospitals, with KM beds ea h, and require
lit every year about 4,'iOil1noo days' sulidsteuce.
Tv phus and relapsing fever (typhinia), like tin)
pythogenic fever (tvphii), are lit up by a speeiiie
zymotic m itter which is geuera'e l when h'linan
beings are badly fed, and crowdc I together in an
inadcq'iate supply of fresh air.
The seeds ol the din'a-c cun only be got rid nf
by a vigilant sanitary police, and i'y the ellc'liml
destruction of lyphino, iis exis-ing leaven. Scar
latina wis fatal ill the year toll.N.tl persons,
which is nearly the average. Malignant sore
throat ryniinrht muliinn) Is allied to searhitin I
in some respects, as ii attacks the throat ; and for
the suiuc reason diphtheri i, which was not at lirst
reeogmed as a novel form of disease in England,
was eot.louiolcd w th sore throat. Tho d, uths by
dq-htheria were !l"i87 in 18 .!, w hich was the cen
tre ol the epidemic, but had declined to 100 1 in
lsi.-J, Togcher these diseases scarlatina, sore
throat, und diphtheria destroyed above 10,000
lives iiiiiiiiully iu iho eight years l.si iCJ. h0
deaths fiom smallpox were 01 ;o in ls.is, and fell
progres-ivelv to ICJS in 1m',; l,27! icrsons died
from whooping-cough in 18b.' its mortality is
Itillnena had subsided, hut it is undoubtedly
ott-'n confound-d w-iih broncultis or pneumonia,
which :rc I's In- pu nt sc jncls or co-.nplications ;
1 1 ,112 dud of iliuri linn, which is often the result
ol a zymotic poison allied to those of cholera uud
d senlery. Th inks to the progress of cultivation
and drainage, our deaths from ug ie and remit
tent lev. r are- few, only '.'l in a million living in
I81.J. Ilheiimatisni is allied to these infections,
and remains alter they have disappeared, proving
fa'ul generally by lixitig 011 the membranes of
important organs. Seventy-three people died of
privation (starvation), -171 of il-hrium trrmtni,
and !MI of intemperance in other forms. Para
sitic Discuses diminish with tho progress of clean
litnss. One hundred and fifty-six persons, chietlv
children, died of worms Worms 1 ti'er tho liody
through water generally, and sometime through
Should arrangements be ma le to dispose of the
sewage of towns, and to supply huii-es with
pure water w e may hope to st e death by worms
diminish. There was only one death from hydro
phobia in the year. Hut zymotic poisons as dan
gerous us mad dogs are still allowed to bo kept in
close rooms, m cc-a pools, and in a twers, from
which they prowl in the light of d.iv and In the
darkness of the night with impunity to destroy
mankind. Iu lsbj zymotic diseases carried oil'
4 'i.'jl in every thousnud of the population. The
becond great cla-s of diesscs c m-titutiori il dis
easeswere not far behind. Allowing for tho in
cicase of population, the proportion of deaths by
cancer has steadily increased, vvbllo dropsy and
luortilii ution hive declined; but this is partly
due to improvements in medical diagnosis.
Deaths which would have been returned under
the head of drnp-y aro now traced to org uiic
changes of the heart uud kidneys.
A common sequence Is rheumatic fever, heart
membranes injured, circulation obstructed,
dropsy, lint in the constitutional class of dis
eases phthisis (consumption) is tho chief. Tho
mortality by phthisis has fallen from '2 811 a voar
per thousand living in l8.VI-.it, tv.-.isi in lMiti
t.'J ; but the deaths by bronchitis, with which in
tho chronic state phthisis is liable to lie con
founded, have increased mora than the do iths by
plnlusis fell. Ilroucliitis comes under tho third
class ol dlsea-es namely, local diseases, which
ci uipii-n four-tenths of tho total deaths In tho
country, uiising chiclly from nlfoetlons of Ihe
vital organs of the head and chest. Uniting the
respiratory diseases with phthisis to get rid of
any ambiguities of nomenclature, tho m irtaTy
from the two groups of chest disease is found iu
cicasing from o its.) in a thousand of tbo popula
tion per annum in 18 iO-54 to o-8'l. per annum in
lKi8 ill, more than a quarter of ail the deaths in
It is a question of great Interest what has led to
this recent increase of mortality from iiillunima
tion of the ait-passages and air cells of the lungs.
Of tho i:i'.2 deaths iu 18I2 by diseases of the
nervous system (brain, spinal marrow, nerves),
2o.'2.Ho were from tho convulsion of infancy, In
which the symptoms of disease are obscure,
llrigbt's disease has lucreased greatly in the last
ten years, but perhaps only iu appearance, arising
from a change due to the d illusion of pathological
knowledge. Fatal stone esses have decreased,
but disease arising from inflammation or irrita
tion of the mucous membranes involved have
grown more fatal; the-e are tho evils to be
obviated in using crushing instrainunts. A bold
operation Is now practised for ovarian dropsy,
and Mr. Spencer Wells considers that lHo of tho
women who died In the year might have been
saved by surgery. Six deaths lu 180'J were
ascribed to fright, seven to grid, otic to rage, and
forty-tour to melancholy. We have now readied
tho fourth cluss of diseases the developmental
the diseases incident to the birth, development,
nutrition, und decay of man. lu this class ure
'1 be grout majority of them are from debility
and old age ; but of all the 42.1,0 Kl deaths in I8b2,
the causes of which nre- spocitied, only 2'I,7mO
were from old ago. The deaths of women in
becoming mothers (including metria) were 11077
in IHtiie. In a series of these deaths from 1817 to
18b'2, the numbers eomiueuce Willi lib deaths of
mothers to IO.oisi children liorn alive, ami end
only with 4.'). About a thousand mothers sur
vived in I8112 w ho would have pet Ished had tho
mortality remained the same us It was In I 's 1 7.
The improved registration of births accounts for
only a portion ol this apparent rate of decrease,
loist come the violent deaths of the yo ir.lt, '.HI
in number, 7-4.1 in every ln,000 persons. About
one deuih in every 2'J is by violence. Hut tho
bulk wf them are the result of iieel lent or negli
gence. Thediuths by bums and scildsfcll to
'27o7, but by due precaution tho number of these
li ui I'u I Heaths might be still lurther reduced. Tho
n -eidentiil deaths by poison have fallen to 2b2.
Tho suicides were 11117, fil 1 of them by the rope ;
17 pitsons were executed, 12 were killed by light
ning. This statement of the mortality of the year
suggests several questions 01 interest; some oj
them will be discussed iu u supplemental volition
which is In preparation at the Register Oitho,
show ii g the icsults of tin: registration of the leu
3 curs l.v iug bet vv ecu the two lad censu.es.
l.PKi'iiilH ol' 'liiirli'tiiutii.'N 4'll.v.
HOW HI K III VII. WAS HA CI hill II V A ll AM K.
Night or day the foul liend never n -ted alter
the trick tho men of Aix hud played upon him by
giving him 11 woll's soul instead of a man's, iu
return for bis help with their minster. And,
t rudest cut of nll.it bad passed into a proverb
that the men of Aix were sharper than the Devil.
tuning bis wrath to keep it warm, he hit 011 the
dark design ol burying minster, palace, city, men,
women, and children iu one common ruin. No,
one day ho went to the son-shore, saw a great bill
of sum!, w hich just suited his purpose, put it 011
his back, and, laughing iu Ids sleeve, set out to
ciush the city and all it contained.
1'unting and sweating under his burthen, he
mine near the town gate called the "l'ont-tuor,"
w lieu a brece sprang up from tho east, blew
some of his sand into his eyes and nearly blinded
tim, so that, enveloped in a perfect simoom, he
could not bud his way to the city.
Now it so hapioiied that a decent old woman
ruino up on her way to market, while ho was
trying to get to tho town, lie accosted her most
-"t an you shovy mo the way to AU, good
At that Tiry ln.tsnt.br rara good lurk, she
rnnghta glimpse of the cloven foot. Most In 'klly,
the deme had all her wits about her, f ir she
straightway pulled out her ro ary la'.ids, and
cnteh tig their cross, made the holy sign upon tho
snuii-blll In the twinkling of nn eye l-' n tli vlt'i
the l evil'a power all pn-scd awavl Ho ranlshe l
then and there, und dronpe I his lou I a suddenly
that it split in I wo. In memory of the en 1 i
woman's cleverness, tho larger 1110. in I was and
isrs'l.d the Fons Here, the Hdl of Cr ift Tin
miller one goes by tho name of hi -s u.a'.ir's
Hi rg, lt. Saviour's llill, and a iro-s ,s ei te 1 ,0:
i's si niniit.
That the hills h id coina into their pi-e-otit 1,.
it. on from the .e shore w is lirtnh l,. ee I
the Im riu'ln r ot o'd, 1,0 n t .-it.., i 1r .1
positive of the truth of their storv, th f s -o io.m
bi d other si a-. hells turned to stun,, no e, their
I rg ust inland, are found le d. led In the so 1,
while there is not a tract of theai in auy p.i-I 01
ti e c. nnlry ro'md.
I v-r since the hills were land d iu the r pre
M'lit .la ion the Dtvil h is let the Aix I. uli alone
and 1 he- eh ver wav inwhi h thev took hi n in
ir.ivc ns,. the prov, rb, ' He Aeebcn sin. I der
Dm v.-l ip Inns," w hi h means in the e di life',
"1 1"' Aix 10 k arc craftier than tho Devil b -n
la'c and legend fail in liily por'.r.iyit.g bis
wr'b, n'.w th 11 the destined instruments of his
Tt 1 gc.ineo have become two smiling hills, den
which the traveler views iho lordlv sight cf ri-v
a' d nnnster 1 i-ing proudly und unbanned frmii
tin p aiti below. Siiil gte it r tiust have le.-ii his
fnrv w h. ti one 1 if ('hat li-tn. 11; tie's sue.-, Msors, I -mis
I be P mil s. In. jit a church an I monastery 01. so.
Ss vutot's Ib-rg.
- I. y order of the Secre'arv t.f V tr, all ui- I.
und wounded soldiers vv ill be d seh irgrd up n ti.e
expiration of their term of service, but will be
nttth d 10 medical treatment in hospiu's, and the
j osnal ration, so long us the dis ihility nnder which
I they are snffciing may exist, or for the n.n it
; iniiv be lon-idercd proper for tiieni to remain
I iiii 'i r hospital treatment.
I SILK AND DRY GOODS JOBBERS,
j TALL, I xroc.t. , FALL,
!-,. 1. ))X STOUK. inij i.
EDMUND YARD & CO.,
Noe C17 Chcpcut aud C14 Jayne Streets.
IMl'OblKlisi AM' J'lUHKIISl Or
SILKS AND FANCY DRY GOODS,
Will 11; HOODS,
I.AIKJK AND HNDSOMIC STOCK OF
M I L I INK ('I' FOIilCIi.N ANI) POMKRTIC
ts. i i misu si'M-iia
HHt'NKH'H AND OTJIKIt MAKKS.
ji:MIViltM k llOll'ON,
No. 322 CnEESTJT STREET,
Now flvr to (he .rule generally a f ill Iin of vvorjr
dels nHiou t
wi 1111; (loous,
REAL WELSH FLANNELS,
ALL 01 TH KIB OWS DIHK'T IMI'OKl" TIDN.
10141 1'IIKSNPT STUKKT.
V E I I.",
E. M. NEEDLES'.
1044 CIIKHNUT H lift Kf.
V Ti NO It I H Kill-
Ws rcfnsd th monev, If de lets, for tvery lot of Hhais
whlcti fall In say nsptct.
CUT LF.M1THWISB Of MDHUR.
Sii ot Ktw Tork mils atuilln, Slid vsrr ens Lhua
Bosonia. Only -S. Viual ptUx 10-00.
WlUlsinivUle Mllli Muslin, and Das Llnsn Bvaoma,
Only 14-00. t ul irk 13-SO.
GENTLEMEN'S FUIINIS1IINO GOODS.
hMlTIt a aAtcoitu,
mjtm Vo. 14-16 CHKBNUT H tract,
iSUJ HOOF SKIRTS iU)Q
UiO Mivnufsi-turj-.No. lijs Alti'll Street, U.i.0
Almve Slsth a ' t eet ,
Wluile.ule and Itetsll.
lhennistfnDipt.-ti-u-aortuirnt.il l.sille.', Misses', and
Ctillilren Hnep Skirls in Hie citv. In every r--ct llrst
pisss, wliii-h fur ntvle, lliilsh, aurutilllty, and clivspiiesi,
trnve 1.1, tsiiut til the market.
Mlrtn uiaile to order, allured, and rcanired .
'ARI'KTS, MATflNOS, OIL CLOTHS AND
v W induw Hliaiti-i, from New Yurk Auction aalist,
(Unfitly !.)!. ninrant HruemU, V wliln, SI i6,
SI 1 1 -IS) and It Irnllslmn llril.ieli, ( ,alnusl,)
wute, 7li. Mi and Mieenuifr-4, H I ami I'i 4 at prurtor
tli.iisie prli-es; lniH-rtel I'sreis II II? to Sl'76 per yard:
Insralfi, Irom so -eate to Sl'li; Venuiuin, KsK.aiia
lleinp, from S7fc to 7A cents pt.r yaril; Mattl'iss, Itia
lars'el ahfrtirtmsiit ever iiften-d In l-hllaili-llihla. from 117V,
ii. 7.' i-eiils a yard, al Uie New Verk Aurtl. in Hales Ie-
Eol, (tuniierly Htvttilow a.) No. 14) si SKCUNII Hlreet,
rkt ihsir above Waiuut, upiiONile Corn KxcUanse.
pOKK K K ANI) ItASl'IIKKRY. AI.KX.
J til I.I. Lit 4 CO., Proprietors nf the "1.1 liuvvriuiiuut
1'itKi' ukii Java 1 hi 1 i-.k,
have Iteesoved ItaSr pin.-e of Oils lueaa Iroin No 'ilS N.
h. i-eliS sir. et to No. ttl.i AKl'll Hirt-i-t, wla-re tli.-y are
iri-iaird 10 till all nriters at tlie .horreit notice win. i tne
tul.lic nitty lav or ttn.ni with, Tht-lr 1 'nile.- li,ae u-suaJ,IUe
LSI lu Hie Biaiki'l, I'li.-v also luivc I to- Ust
that ts nianiifaeturt-d In tin- cl'y.'All at luwost prlcol,cua
feali rlli s: tla- til. li ptli i- ef tn.ili.rial
1'ieii.i' sue ih. in h eiiti tH-rore purehasini,' cl.t' where.
In. not lorsel Uie N luiiln-'i',
aids liu No. 2111 Alti'll Htn et.
I 'Ol'STY'S TIC A WAIUCIlorSK. KSI'.V
i J blistied in 1SIW. I'liu'-rtn .out In-il. r In
t ,00 1 en.., t nits, uud Ll'iim.
rti.ilei- llwvalia Cis'in.
ro.s. A Ills. Kw. ll , l'liklc. ami Haiieos,
Kaxlllli and Hcnh Ii Ale 11ml 1-t.rtei'.
('ar.iied Msats, fruits. Soup, Ac.
Navy Minsie put up vvldi (are.
At No. IH H. KKt'OM) St eel.
I a-ly Jo.slil A II. 1 ut SI 1'.
'KITTI NDl-.N'S CtlMMI'lKTAI.roi.Ll-.f; 1C,
. v.. 1 ... l 11 1..-..NI 1 ho, . :, c .rati i l ."ii-w.iiiti
j ISstal'iol.i il Isil. lj.eor,'ointi-.i Is .'i.
1 Y.iiiia! 111 pri iiAieil for tie: I'l.itiilliii: h-iiise and Irisl
; 11. ss Int.
' 'I lmioUi:li unit pric tie d hi Ina tiini iu
mint; Kit I'IM.,
In all Its branelies, us pia.-.isnl by n.e l.eit a-eiiii'aiils
. Slat I.Uslllfsl IU1II.
l'lain Hial t.i imoietitul, m lui i.l ty one of toe ui t Cyul-
p. ti III 1.1 . Iillllll.
I .lUiuivlcal I alrnlsli.'iis,
iliikint.s 1 aniit,
Cuunocieu I Lair,
I leieeitta: l .ninti'i l'iiit V "I'-i, Ae,
By sound mid on pupur. In in. til In A llior.ius'li and piaetical
Uiaillit'l tv a l.ini; - e iu lit ici d ol. ui.-r.
Mil HIMi issna t llio Sil-.l'AltATld.V,
And re-.'rlv i-.l at aliv time.
I'.vvllios Bissau), alter Ki'litelublll latll
t A I A I.' 11 it' I ,S,
Contalnlus ti-rius, stii.li nt.' iiniuek (4U lad year), 4c,
fliriuala U S'Slis ou apitll. utioll.
ft. II. CIMTTI viil.N CO.
,'J , No. ti 17 I'tlhsNW I' lilreot.
rf-y. MO.M.Y TO ANY AMOUNT LOAN 1C II
mum luaiiioial-, VVaU-lies, Jinelr), 1'laiu,
f -ev 1 lolliliis. Ac., at
U U .KIM X A CO.
Iil.llKsTAIll.IHIII.il I.DAM IIFI'ICK,
Cm in r ot 'llllltli and (ISNKII.l, Miruets,
II, I.e. (..iialMi J.
N. It. IslAMONliH, VV AH II1.M, JK.VVI'.l.tlV, llt'Sd
Ac . lor sale al
IttMAlikAULY LOW ritlCES. aisi 3ia
, XKW ANn LKSIKABI.U STYLFS OF FALL
' N unit rtr-lrnM" Tt"(t of "IntMnii
Nt-W HI tl vttirsjMJ HlTif'M .1 srlll Iflt.HU'
I h-w aim) IfPtrnlilf Htv nf K4 I '?l rthtnK
: Vi W Mhtl 1eiirit.lt y.vn of f.Ul 0'. 'illli,'
I Ni'W nfl telrl.r. t f$ nf Full (.ithtm:
W An it t1rlnliil Hl of f ti I I.KhitiK
Nw him) tlrlrM -tl of t'il 'M-wh nt
J Nt'W tkiu (It Ifufil N-ylft nf r4l( .Mi!i
N'-w ATid (ltlih rtt x let of Y j,; ."otM'.f
' OIK' HtiH Vi Uitr
OiTtiinn tbi tU
i i'iirisr tl m d . v
I d',"i trait 4 if
I ').'1I'-V tt.tn -In
iipciiiiiai nm iav
ttiWiiii f'l i!y
iHniiiir t' tf duv
Ai i v , H f. fT'icr M.-iii'fi ii" 1 Mr-
' CNK".M K.i- rtifr Hi-vm hm-t Mnrh't 'rf.'M,
M KIN H h , r.irnrr K- vm h n 1 M rR l it-.-i-M
Jiivv'.', h K. rn -rr v,.n!ii Vitk-1 tn ---.
At .ins t H', p ; fiirm r tfnilia n! Mi k"liir l,
I"S Kk', s rnti r f vi"Mh 'i (1 M ir d, t t'n: -
Ki .IllN I H . H, R .'uril-- Mvirtiih 1 rhrt r(.
Al I VI , ..rn. r H.'v.ilth Si. I M aim t -ro.i-
I ! .1 ' N K , R f rt.r f.-intU Hi Viflt.-t jfrct
A ' J JM S , v, T; f ,rn..r tfvr,vi m ! M uKe. it
' HtrHMpert) ( .( lnns
Sirrktsj np,i f i-,mih
'rIU" ! itTl HtlC"
. ''Irstnt nst atitit ntirt-n1
j bf i nii in 1 c t ' tn
I Mr rrr" aul r''m
Htrl gfT AlliJ t L sT.fi ft
NlrAt'ii.Tt .liu' .-ill.'"-j
Htntntfii nil t'Mi-'nv
Hi-Hti. tr u i'ifiiH
Itsiitrd t ml' ft'ul ,x i", in on "lo k
I n wt- 1 1 tti 4 1 h'kI r 1 1 nl 11 (tur u. h
. Invlifii in 1 fill tint I'Yiinlnr our to k
!i n .i .-an 4HsJ m-ni to 'ir -ro k
Tivt n! n r.t'i 114 t-x tin mr nt.- k
l tv !i tl t ' ml 111.1 Kniiiif) Mi r f
Iin iit l fi r til !-) f itniii' our l i k
Hi '1 In mil -mI rtnlni' -mr utm'li
In I ot t.. r I a it i' fiiM our -'o. k
lavifit to mil ft.l ftiiiti our
''ir linri !,anM; i:'H"irt
l-:ips puif" rii:i..' 'ir'tv ,
llaf'trtw iiu'i hN'Mit ,l,' !i,ir .
h't To hurt ' -ln f!.''iT' .
nt-torc purch.iitMK .!. ri ro
' ?t"f ir ini' 1 ltkiii.f ftJ 'vw lif rn .
j Toinrs (un liminit pi-w;Hro ,
Iti'loTfl MM I'll. Hill,; IliTt ,
Unto n 1 11 ft nn . n l4o IM"' ,
Ivi loiM rur. Iismliik slfMrhi-rn
t ,TM's n..tli(nir. S. K. cnrn.'T Npks,,th unit M irVt ift,
.IO N S (In, ,M,h, r . V.. toii- Hrvrnili Aiol M.,rh"tt.
JiS i H' rtoit, iu-, ft y, rn'tii-r -"vnih a-i.l 1 k -t im
: ,h 1 ' M rin h't.K, H. K co-i.fr Hfo. tli bm, Mrk- 1 .
! .INKS- f'l'.tri. rf, (. y r.'rnr ti'rinli an .1 M if. f t,
J"Nt s' t ..Mil,.,. i K. cirnr tm fc n, M irk.-t him.
.I"M m ('1,11,0.., ft y iiirnrr HvotiHi tiuti M i,kol ii
.l"V' CiniMuir. K. K P THPr m.oii'Ii ft'ol M irtiot n.
"NKs I'I -t, ii.k-, H I. f HUT Mi'ii'h ami M ukrt -Iv
jor-l I I'mIsitu'. M I' n.-r 4.w"i(tt am) M.irkot
V h - ltiliiicc f Nuiuuii r it-'ik selkjik-low.
j;iVAHI 1. KULLV,
JOHN Kill Y,
I.twfrcrolvodtl.HrrATL M TLI"', Mul atar, sin. k of
FAM, and WIN1KU UOOIH, in.-lu-liin, rhj e AM K RI
CA V OoO!8, all bounlitWf 'MthTi- In prlcod. which
thy will make up in tho bt ityh i at in- tU rfltf priciHi.
TKRMH-NKT CAl. se7-1rn
TJ HIIOUMAKKU .V CO.,
CUILDRIFS CLOTHING EMPORIUtf,
0. 4 N. ElUHTir 8TRKET,
ilviv' Dili's i'Vsi-'
Vi rcipt'ctfully Invite kpevlal Attentiuu tjnur alananl
ciiii.I)Ki;n s ci,o tiuno,
i i mpililiiK lrt ', lllltLS', INFANTS', and MH1K1'
t'liiihiiiK in everv vark-ty,ln tlir Litest kttea,andni au.
r or wu kir.anAlilp.
Npcr al amotion ptvlil to MISSK8' IlUKSgM AK INii.
Tha pulillr are IiivIiki lo call autl axaaaltie.
M. SIlOKMAKKI'nt CO.,
SiT-WMiiSm No. 4 N. I'HIimi STUKKT.
now 1:1. Ii .t IIOUH K K,
n. E. OHSEH
rOUETH AND MARKET STREETS,
WANUIAt'Tl ItEttS IF
r A r K R HANGINGS
JJ J. W1LLIAMH,
No. 16 N. SIXTH STREET,
WINDOW Hit A. I) 10 H.
Thr Isrifukt and Flnnst Aavirtatrat la Ilia cltj, st the
HKl'AIIIINU AT rESDr.D TO rilOMPTLV.
HlOltK 811AI1K1 JIADK ANI) I.ETI KRKI. ar'l lm
AND I'lCTUUE I'RAMB MANUFACTORY.
WM. II. MOHOAN,
Jiu. !40S N. NINTH aTltl'.KT,
Oilt Oval 1 '1 tot riKi-iipli l'Vaitli'M
xlO-llDl C'UNaTANTI.Y ON II AN II.
Ifavlnii bought inuit of mj itrriali ba'ure t!ie Lite
Krcat rlia, I am ena(iid to vtl r my itot a of
At II kDUtl)! adVMIH'C oil ulil JTitX't.
i in iin Nj. i ti H. KI.KVKMII Hlltr.Kr.
Has b.-en rrcii J In tin m-Utitiorh.).'d n( Kluth ant
C'hvBiiul ktli-vtn, tiy crowds ol wi-ll-irek.t-il uia
DOIX IINCJ IN AND OUT
Of a uninll Ht'OAH H TOBK nil tlio Ui.er sl.le.if CM I'S
MIT Htu ct, lii-'uw .Ninth. It ni pcars tlie iir.it.iK-t.ir li.ia
In i-n CU ITINil HOWN the Jinvoa ol III! Ht.jiir, ant To
bnc.'O, it 0.-IU . 1.11 all Lis ati'i k, vv tiii.li by the vvajr'i
t ruie evUectlvii, lliua t-se'J fa- tt
On LU pioiitk (ot tvii tn-uailt ol bib i-tj.tuiui.-rs, who alvv aya
OO I 'OK 1 1 1 M !
MARSHAL'S SALIC. 1 IV VIK'H'K OF A
HI U rn nl half, l.v Hi.. Il .ii. .I..I il Cn.lwli. r, .In In
Ol ll. I 1k1 I'li't l niirt .-I ItiK t .i.ie-l HlRttn. fti ainllT lli
l.llhil Til ll'tlrirl lit 1'i-lilin v Isulila. Ill A.'li.ll nil V. t" m 'II-ti-i
ti-il, vv ill bi snlil al l-iil-li-- ultt In Ihe th. iis.i anil I est .
I.jl.i.r. tnr iasti, 1.1 MH III M'.uis nhiiii,. N... II.' -,.
I ItuN'l' Mri'.t, nn .Mn.sli.W, M-pl. libi.r ZD, lsi.,ul ts j
i ill. fk M., tin. i-mio ill (hit hl.anur "Lillian." f.-llsiiiini
in i...i naii ui t i.iiuu, iii.u, ui uiui'k gi t.'Vlnll, 1110 1-tilk.M
01 vt-ttlltl uliKuovvu.
Wit I 1 tX Mil I.WAIlt),
'. :. .M i i. ,i.ii t: u.ul Ivii'ia.
Pllll AI.FI I'HIA, Hi pteilittir III. l-Si. i l. int
l'Att CLAIMS, itOl'N 1 ll-.s, l'lrNSIONS,
V? I'AV.anil alt dt.i-ri'll.ni of ciitltiii a...iiiHt tin,
I nit. il Nia'i', H..VI iirm nt ul i, a-i, iiintoilli . i..,i. fitly. 15
MOWKV VAv hint- a lull lilt 01 prlea unw pav iinic, and
the lUMlltj) uiu Lu i.. Hi rii-il at nui u. Al..l nr write to
litUlli.K l UAii'l ti llltillllKIt,
. . AIU.JI in. .1 Nav vClalin . nta,
aiilT-lra Mu. i"J Vl AIM t Sireol.
N A l''KV MOIUC 1IOHSKS CAN 1UC
VJ v at r.'ini.iu.latcd st tlia liver Uulile, Wu. "i7
Cut-liltV btrvvt. a i-ji
SI r- . ; . - - A
J NIT IS. HTATKH
SIX PER CENT. L0A5 OF 1801,
tn am. o nt f sad i'i. u l It rnrcaaif r,at loweil mxriat
tONP4' RKADY K'R DLLIVERY.
'. M. WKIOUT ,V CO.,
Wc. 144 . TIIIUIl STRKKT,
iilvtt'fl Oproalte the Lkrtianra.
w loan or mm.
Tin: bm asci. or i :n:
liiltif thl Jay tn aw.irilrd an our hM prorim su5
fffittul, wc aft pr(iart'(t to r,l (o (nitomri at one tn
larfcT or trail turn), any Am mat f th ra.t ileslrtWj
GOLD SIX PER CENT. LOAN
AT TIIE MARKET TltlCE.
Wehav-o slwaya con.liered thai lsl BONDS al tao
DE.ST LOAX OX TLIE MARKET.
Tl.sn-In hul RM Al.l, AMOt'NT H'lt HALF., an.l Ike
pnailtiDi wilt, in our opinion, advance ra,ittlly.
Win do will to call ami FArlUHDK thlr IHi f..r thll
MllltK fRItMANF.Nr I.OAN, f spsclully as now, owing
tn tht. ti'iman demand fur Vive twenties, a hkli rate caa
br obtained f.r ttit'os.
JAY C'OOKIO A CO.,
X... Ill S. TIllKII 8TKEKT,
,'IltHT lVA-TIOPfAL. It AM IC.
UNIT K U B T A T K H .
U. H. HIXEH 18H1.
Honda of thl' v ery di alrable Ln on hand and (or lele
at this HANK.
7 3-lOth NOTES,
Of all deniiniliidtinna and in any amount, maatanlly on
I O - I o LOAN
INTKREST TAYAULE IN COIN.
HuMcrlbera have tho privilege of paying the bank Inte
rest from Mrpteubcr 1 In L'liit.-'l Htntea Hotel, adding .V)
per rent premium.
Onviviion of 7 a -lotln per cent. Treamrjr Notoa lo the
Lean o! Istil attuaded to.
AU National Uank Notci received on deposit at par.
C. II. CLARK,
Alortevn lorvti.iliiipl, Jr.,
(JOI.D, GOLD, U O L U,
SILVER AND BAXK NOTES
DE HAVEN & BROTHER,
No. M0 8. THIRD STREET.
QlAll I4.HOIV fc J.,
No. 121 8. TII1IU) STREET,
(iovernment Soearttlri of all lesitci Puri-haited nd for
8ie. Stocka, Bonds, aud Oold Boutiht and Bold en Com-uilieloD-
INTCREST ALLOWRU 0V DKP0KIT3,
CollMtloni Promptly Made. nvl-tf
(MITII efc ItANDOLil'II.
No. 10 S. THIRD 8TREET,
liANKKKS AND DltOKICliS.
Apecle.Htorka.Quartermaitcra' Vonrheraand Chec-ki.and
all (iovemment Si-curitlei MiiUKht and Sold, mtilj
TKW LOAN, NEW LOAN.
U. S. 1040s.
JAY COOKE CO..
OKt tu ron bale thi:
NEW G0VEE5JMENT LOAN,
UtAKINll FIVK PKlt CF.NT. INTF.RKflT IN COIN,
ndremat'le any time after TEN Yr.4KH.at the pleasure
or the Uoveriim.Bt, and nayable I0I11Y YhAJta atlor
ItOTIl rOITtlK AND KKHIS1TKKKD IIONDs) are
Isiued for tlili Loaii,ol'nine denoiatuatlon as llto S-'Joe.
'Ihe Inti'iiit on f.'iOi and S.Cwi payable ya-lyi on all
other di-nomiiiiitliiiii, half yiarly. The 10-40 bond are
uiited ln b 1, 1WH. Tbo hair-yearjylmereit (ailing due
Niptember 1 and starch 1 of oach year; antll let Heptein
ber, Ihe ainuid Inlereil from Ut of March tl remin d to
be paid by (uri-Jiaiuri In -IN or III l.iL l'l'jlKNi'V,a.ld
liin rlti) p.-r cent, d.r iin-iiiliim. unl'l lurther nutlce.
ALL 1I1IIKK (lllVMINMKNT sKULltl rtKsi UOL'IIIIT
JAY COOZE & 00.,
No. lit H. TIIIUIl SI'IIEKT.
j;itX:iI4. HTKKII A CO.,
No. 30 s. THIRD STREET,
111 Y AND 8KI.L
flill.I), Ml.VK.lt, AMI OOVKItNMKNT SF.Cl'ltlTILS
H T O ) K S
IK.L'iUT ASH HOI.Il ONf COlt.MlsifsnN. I H
D0VCHT AND SOLD
O U O O M MISSION,
EE EAVEN & ER0THER,
Ko. MO S. TIIIltD .sTU il'.T.
( I L S T O (' K S
W UOUt.llT AND SOI.n
liv utouur; J. boyd,
Ho. 1S.S TIIIUIl M-reet.
UC; NF. W 7-30 LOAN,
e e)iliicriiiinna received, and the Kotei
as'.'S m No. 1 A. Tllllil) bir.ot.
I HUE KI'IRITS. 500 OAI.LS. 1'URE MM.
rlli, ourtb pruvl, lor k-rokervlng i"irpn.es. liir eaie by
St. I'. MIIIHI.KroN,
jy m X O T 1" O It
PNITED 8TATES JIEVENUB
FOR T1IK MTDM.r. AKD WE'TCRW 8TATM,
No. 304 CHESNUT 8TBEET, FLilaMpi;.
1 mini Main 1'n.tuce atemin sold wh.,b..i;e sad mleil.
Two per cent discount allowed on all ialee from Five se
Twnt Doi ari; Tnree pur e.'u sa Twenty DoLa'S
aid epwanli. i
All onleia vboiial lw lent to
Collector of First District,
" N'i"'' nip.sjnrr tret,PMtdpiita. .!
IJMTICI) STATE8 INTERNAL REVENUE.
riret i.ll. etl.m Mntrlct of Pcnn.ylvajil. enainrtelr ti
wind. Third, Kourih, fifth, nixiri, and eievenia wrs
ot the Clly of I hiladeiphia,
Theynnral Aiaetinvent for IMt , for the above BasM4
Pl.tikt.nf per.nns liable In a tax ea Cerrlagee. Pleasure '
Yachts, Milliard lahlei,and Held and .Uvr PUte.aad
alio of pcrsnni rriiired lo Uke eat Lfcentei, having twea
NOTirr. IS HKRHHT OIVP.H,
That the Taxei loreial4 will be received dally bTOist '
umlrtiirned, between the boon of 9 A. at. aa I t. M ,
(stiimlava excepted,) at the Office. Ho. M UIIKstNUT '
Htrcct, scennd tlnor. pn sod after TltlTKMOAT, pie saber '
Land nnUI and inclndlnf RATl'KHAY, 8eiemer it,
All persona who fatljtopay tl.elr Annoal Taiee open ear
on nr before the V.th dy of Reptember, ISA4. will taear a
penalty nf tt-n percenfuai additional of the aisoeat thereof, -and
be liable to eoeta. as provided lor la Ike Uih Seelioa '
Of the Exrlie l.awi nf July I, IHtil.
All persnni who la like manner shall fall to laks eert
tlielr llcenaea, aireeitlate.1 by law.oa or before the Mt
day of Heptenibcr, Imit, will Incur a aenslty ef lea ser
eeuum additional of the amount thereof, and be aaeyaet
tn a proiecutlitn for three limn the amennt of laid Ui. la
accordanre with the ptovlakms of tlie Wth seelioa ef Ike) 1
All payments are reqnlred lobe made In Treajorj Hetes,
uniti r aiith) rltv of the t'nlted Ntatea. or la notee of Maak '
organized nnder the ct to provides National Curreaey,
known aa National llanka.
o t'bitTiieit notice will ns arm,
j Mr tit liARDtmi,
nl--"t STo. 304 CirJtSNUT BAreei,
AoattST M, 1X4. ;
NOTICE TO HOLIlKHR Or T1IRPB TBAR8 IEVIN. '
' . THIRTY N0TKR DATED OCTOBER 1, 1601. '
nolderi of Seven-Thirty Notes, dated October 1,
are hereby aotlHed that they uy be preesated Imeae
dlatelj, In aav amonnt, to be exchanged for Six Per Ceat.
Bondi falling due sfter June 90, lfert.
The Islereit on the Seven-Thirty Votes will be settled
p to date of maturity, October Land the Six Per Ceat.
Bonds will bear full coupons from Ji-ly 1.
The adjnstnient of Interest will be made by deduct!;
from the amount ot'lntereat found te be due on the Revees.
Thirty Notea up to Octobor 1, the Interest accrued eat the
Blx Toi Ceat. Bondi Horn Ja y 1 to October 1 1
will be transmitted by Uie Treasurer's ooia draft
dltely upou icttlement, ' i
Tlie Ibllowlng regulations tn relation to eadoreeseeato
must be careful' observed :
Wtere notea trammltted fir settlement ware leined
payable to order, and are held and transmitted by tre
original owners, they muet be endorsed br lheea."Pv lo
the Hecrctary of the Treiuory lor redemption," and boado
wilt lsine In their name.
Where notea payable toonlersra held by other parties
than the original ownem, the notea nun have the endorse
ment of the orUtlaiil owneri, and alio be eodoraed by tho
present owners, "Pay to tha Secretary of the Treainrj nr
For notei lamed In blank, en.tonod "Pay te the Beero
try of the Treaiury for redemption," boats win be issued
to the panlei traninilltlng them, and la each maaaer so
they may direct.
When notea are endorsed or transmitted by aa stterney ,
aduitnlatrator, executor, or other fttmnt, they aauat so
iDonipaiilcd by a duly certlsed copy or eertlneateef tho
Suthnrity under which ho acta and in all caaea by a letter
atatliig ibe kind (reirletered or coupon) and the denomlna
Ilea of the Six Per L'eat. Bonds wasted la exrbaiiire.
When Iffa-iatered Hondi ere ordered, parties aoouid atato
at whlihof Ihe following places they wiih the tuiereet
paid, vl2.i New York, Phlledelphle, Itaetoa. Daitleaore,
New Orleani, Chicago, Ht. Loula, or Cincinnati.
W. P. PESHBNIlEtS,
su30 ,1w Becretary ef the Treasury.
JliAV GAMB OP CAIIDS,
TBE HEW MUSICAL 0ARD3 ,
(Patronized by the Royal Family of Knitand). are mm by
postfix TIIKKK liOl.l.xltM. They are a moat atotiiiof
Itaiilme, aud uacb atuaivai Time quicker tbauanyetaer
"A most Intereetlng and clever game Times. '
"Aduilrab y adnpied (or teaclung ktultcsi Tiaae.'X.au
trated LouOnn hevva.
Addn aa A. dOlCK, No. CI W. TUIRTY-BUTH Btreet,
Vow York. niot-lm
VIW MESS MACKEREL. 100 KITTSNKW
klvas Jkluckerel ill Itiire and foraale by
KKNNKDY, HI AIKS M OS) ,
0 16-51- No. IJV ud Ua kl. WUAJ1VA58. ,
T -lIGBY HERRIN08. 1000 BOXES EXTRA
J ' iiuallly lli rrlngi, tollable foi mall grjeera aaies, in
autre and lur aaie by
KENNEDY, RTAlRt a CO..
D-III St No. IM1 and Us kl. WUAAVE4.
CTEAMSIIIP NORMAN, FROM BOSTON. .
k Cnnilicneei n( mercliantllfc per above veeiel will eleao
send for their gcoua, new landed on Pine eirewt Wb.rf.
H-16 lit H. WINroR X.
ii i n sagTi.-ftiiaissiCi in rit-MT nm,i
8KWINO MACHINE H
TUB BERT IX UBS.
apJB No. 7HO OJMKHNI7T Htrm.
if iTjl OOTTACJK OltOANS,
vol only t'urxcpi l.rn hut vtKKot'ALi.en i putty
oriwnt-aiid i'nv i-r, Oei'itiietl eipci-ialiy tnr .taur.-he and
Nebcin, hut ti mid to he ti(iuitlv wfil adapted 10 lbs Par.ltr
and Lrawiiig Koum. lur uli oulj by
No. lb N HKVBN IM snreec
Alie. a crmpl.te Ssicrtiuinl bi U.u Ke:-ea U.lei
Col, sl&ull) nn hand. auk-dNk
I A M lu 11 a U II E il ' H
v.iiiiLx.vi.a ai.li KiiAli
CLOCK P.KTA missH.VIKNT.
B. C. eoinir RhiXiND and ill-lsui "1 eur.i. fhiiai' a.
ariKvcv roa ins .tkki
EiJl'ALIZl.XG TUIMI V DAY Cl.'X g,
a very dmrabie article it r llhuri.-'-.cs UUca, iiais.
Con n link -I'" n.e. l ats.ii,. At .
Alau, MAM 1AI Tl II Kit OP KINK (Xll.l) PKMB.
111' K H KKI'AIHKII AM) WAKHANIEAI.
Jals-ly Cluck lrlniuuu.a of every doacripuoau
A. OH AY, N. E. COIINER OF 8IXT
II and MIADK Htrcetv, buys lliauuuils, naicneSi
Onld, HUvcr, anil I nrill 'I IrSell.
iiiO.st IN WAST OP MONEY
All buameis cntldeiitlal. ael9 ea
gRlDECBURQ MA0EI1.E WOBIS,
No. UO N. FHONT HTIlEETi
We are err) axed lo l'.U onteis u any extent for our we.
at AC1IINKB Y P0 X)TTOH AND W00U5H atllXS,
Includlns all reveal Improvements la Carding, Splnalaf,
4:d VV cav Inn
tl e in. lie the stteutloa of manufacturer! to our eatea.
"lair'ii'k" AI.FBKI) .TKNKH A RON.
JU TOrtllirCAl'TALNS AND OWNKRS.
Smtf - The undu signed bavins leased tlie K ENsllktti
kk lti.w MH K . b.H. lo liKinn kii frien.la and uo
pain n ul the lt- ck.Uial he la preiiarod with uiereavd
(ai llillci lo acc-miniKlaie tboie bav mg veievu to tie rai.i-4
or rt-oairud, and bchts a prastlical llilp-eerpeutor d
cnoikir, will slve p.iaiinal atienui w ail veuels ea-tiusii-d
lo him (ur reitaira.
Cai tniiik ur asciiii, Hi lp Carpenters, and Atscliiiililf
bavins venela tu repair, are lollcllcd ui call.
ilevtiiit ihe aii.ucy tnr tlie mleuf "Wen.iitedti' Palaot
ellllvCoulK,Mtk.u."ar('.ipswr I'alal, kM-Uie re..- -
lion of vek.eis' boiiomi,a.r tin ciiy, 4 am ued Ie)
luriileh Uie kaiueoB tovoiaWe i. rnn. -
' K.li.lllitt.'n B"ew '',-v,