Newspaper Page Text
iny. pBiinenlsiatrnn-n t a penod nlicn
t'.r n5ii n w well if nut better urn
t!r,,,.i Ua t' i-'.r.rn--.,'. During
Mr ittVf"" -'',i:'!',f"'i,," Messrs.
V,f!:rcwJ Ti'M k;u-y. w!' fud been
jMl 'H " f; f"i ' f-MM l Madrid,
vh 'i i'-.i. nrrot.-iT -i'r .i::nr, wbh tbts
,,t'j.,Piif ill t i'U'"Jrv letweru V:is tn
r..,,;rje. in i iJa'C r.d.hvscJ to the
w F.Ttru Affairs, un-
i . .. r f rif f v-fiu t It jf Jarmarv.
i i r I nr "i J
i c t n tht i's bnm
d'rics of Lou'j
imrx. 9'eucd ' tbe United States by
jYanre. irs rier JVrJida n the
nnJ ibe i ivt-r t'ri vo nn liie WfM
:pv aJ -!, Wiwl "ib facts and f rinci
iifv litis conclusion sre
fiitfaciorv l our g.ivrrnmsr.t as to con
vince h jJ.sl the I'm'J Sut9 have pt t
. Kpi'fr ruibi die isfavi of New (Jr-
Uv. vnuer u,r , m
.i - .... r j . . ,i. . '
r, is 'ivp df.Tribed."
RrUAlNDKIi XCXX WEEK.
SOSiKRSKT, ! A.,
TUESDAYtDECl2MBEK 15, 184G.
r. B. PALMER Es'j. cf rinis'phia t !i
Hial Etti'.'.e and Cvu! UJfirr, U our aulhorizn
Atnt fjr olitcinin; Advcrthtmcnls and Sul
rv'plian f r the 'IIEIiAT.D' and U clothed
vsillj full povwr to revift for qhj moni'-s paid
loliim nn ihese o!j(t, His ajencv i:iv!adcs
;' foli.v,vi:ij ciiics, viz: Philadcli-Lia, New
York, Bahimorf and Boston.
WHIG STATE CONVENTION.
A Stale Convention, to ho composed of
Delegates from the City of Philadelphia &,
the several conmies equal 10 their renre-
i::ita!io:i in the Genera! Assembly of this
Collision wealth, will be held at Ilarri-
bunr, on TUESDAY, the J? Us dav of
MAHCII MCXT, at 10 o'clock in the
forenoon, for the purpose of selecting
candidates for Governor and (Tanal Com
missioner to be supported by the Whigs
and Ca friends of the Protective Policy at
the next ensuing- election, and to transact
such other business as may may be dee m
ed important t the success cf the Whig
cause. J. P. SAXDERSOX,
JOSEPH KOMC M ACH EH,
II. JONES BROOKE,
THEO. D. COCHRAN,
J. J. SLOCUM,
JOHN R. EDIE,
JOHN B. JOHNSON,
WM. J. HOWARD,
Whig Slate Committee.
Wc give a part of the President's Mes
?c in to-day's paper the remainder
will follow in our next.
JlWc are arc indebted to Gen. Si
Max Cameron of th.e United States Sen
ate. and the Hon. Andrew Stewart of
tha House of Representatives, for copies
of th President's An::ud .'Tessage.
?rT7A Washing'on correspondent of
t':e Be'limore American saj-.s, it is un
derstood that sn sttack, both by our land
snd naval forces, is contemplated upon the
Castle at Vera Cruz, and that Gen.
Scott and Commodores Stewattt and
Morris are concerting measures for that
The Penusj!t :u:I:i Hcsitiien.
The following are the numes of the
companies, whose services have been ac
cepted by the Governor:
whingina Light Infantry Capta'n :
City G-;-rJr Captain Hill, .
riiiladphw Liht Guards Ceptatn!
Wyoming Artilli-rlsts Captain Dana.
Washington Artillery Captain Nt.gle.
Duuerr.e Grays Captain Hernm.
Jackson Independent Biucs Captain
Monroe Guards Captain Small.
Cadwaladcr Grays Captain Scott.
JelTc.-con Guard? Captain Mcrehead.
This ir..po: tant work, we are happy to
s;u.e, km jar completed as t admit
pa:ge of ecrnages, nnd will be
ii the passage of cars, in a few
W e learn tr.at the company has made a
c::sidrrab!e reduction in the tolls from
'he former ra'es.
The bail'lt-rs cf this bridge, Messrs.
KiRVEHiou and Skinner, deserve much
crvJit for the spirit anil energy in which
itpy pushed th work to completion.
Cr.isidering the many accidents and an--.')V2nces
lo which ihry were subjected,
ibcy btve r.ccomplishcd the job ia a
verv s!:ort time.
Tnfermr.tion has been received from
Santa Fe, cor.arming the report lhat thir
ty U. S. wagons, with 160 mules, guard
ed by fcrtv men, had bern robbed by ia
pary f Indians. They took , mules,
c.uuungiVC, lCatUT IUC wagons, vvuuuu.
Tpoe'uion. im 'he guard were without
Democratic Opinions tpon the
Annexation of Texas.
Now that the annexation of Texas sail
its ronsequences are so clearly before ihe
country as Democratic measures, and are
avowed and defended as such by ihr Dem
ocratic papers ia all parts of the country,
(;ays ihe Boston Daily Advertiser,) ii is
not a 'little curious to revert to the opm-
'cns cx pressed by some ofihoie papers
before- ihe Baltimore Convention had is
sued ita dictates.' A brief series of ex
tracts or. this subject has been collected
by 'die Washing-ton Correspondent of the
New York Express, which wc su! join.
The present tone of the papers quoted is
too well known to make anv quotations
fro,a lhf!r reeenl articles nece.ary, and
is too striking to ro-
i From the Allany .'Irzus, Moy 1 1
J The Washington Specialar.. Mr.' Cal-
houn ? org-an, whnc laudir. t en). Mew-
art s letter m lavnrot the uumctisate an-
nexaaon of Texas, alludes to the proba!:- f
itv of a wnr with Mexico in a tone of lev-!
ity, if not of joy. It would be well for
such politicians to remember "that wars
are not so popular as in former times.
People beijin to reflect and compare its re
sults 1)0 fore they plunge into its miseries.
It is perceived that wars undertaken for
extension of dominion exult the h-adcrs
and managers, while ;hev crnh and im-
povensh the masses, i he trappms oi
h , i . t. n . e :l . i- i
the war-horse, and the glitter of armed le
gions, tickle the fancy r.nd pleafcthe eye,
hut' the people see that they place a lead
en weight upon the hand of honest labor.
It is for this reason that true statesmen re
gard wars, undertaken for such selfish pur
poses as one of lite greatest evils that can
a.'Hict a country.
From iJit I)enocrut'tc Hcvttie, JSprlV 13.
Nor might the annexation be nidoi
wkhout the consent of Mexico, or her re
cognition of her successfully revolted pro
vince. We must avoid even the appear
ance of evil. It is not enough ths.t we mav
be abundandv certain that .Mexico can
never again even hope to shake the es
tablished independence of Texas. , The
nominal theoretical right is still asserted, :
which we cannoidisregard without incur
ring a just liability to a declaration of war
from She Boston Fufil, .Xovembrr, 43.
The Alias is beating the air about the
admission of Texas into the Union. The
Cabinet at Washington, and til the folks
this way are opposed to fv.ch a measure.
Mr. Preston, Mr. Wise, and a few Oppo
sition members ofCongrrss are in favor of
it; but they have not strength enough lo
do any harm.
From Ihe X Hampshire Palrio! Mot) '44
Slavery and the defence of slavery form
ihe controlling consideration urged in fa
vor cf the treaty of annexation by those
who hate been engaged in its negotiation.
To these doctrines wc can never subscribe
and whenever they are ofTeiisiv i ly urged
upon the free States, ihey deserve to be
From ihe Xashtia Ga:efle,Xev.lG43.
The evils that will be . cnUihtl upon
the North by the admission of Texas in
to the Union, are inah'u!ab!e, great, vast
beyond all human comprehension. - .
The object and design throughout is as
black as in!; as bitter as heil. No other
reason on ce.rh can be assigned "for. this
Southern movement than a del'irminatlou
to perpetuate that accursed institution,
which, as a matter of compromise, was
acceded to by the North at the time of
the adoption of the Articles of Conffdcra
lion. If the South persists in forcing
Texas upon us, the result is cvidmt to ail.
The consequences are multifarious to
say nothing of their ruin. May Provi
dence avert this calamity, and save our
Republic from disunion, misery, and des
The most wicked, vile, G od-abar. Jcwd
place f.f which we hav any knowledge
its history would make the very fav;.go
Ihtel; widi very thame. Some of its h ?
chers a"d marauders have perpe-traU-d
their crimes within the United Sfat:-. and
upon American citizens, sotno cl v.
tltcy have murdered in cold blood.-in t'?,1
most inhuman manner. Yet t'v re are
Eomo who i!7ire to cllecta union hi -tween
Texas and thii country, as if wo had not
enough guilt and crime upon our fdioald
crs. Vi e wi.-h rather that we could fix
an impassible gulf between us and its
borders, that its breath of pestilence might
never reach our shores. Heaven save us
from a union with Texas !
From ihe Portsmoulh(X. ii ) .Mercury
(hauc IMP Poper,) 1 6 13. . ;
It is a matter of deep regret that cur
Southern friends intend to agitate, in the
next Congress, the question of the annex
ation of Texas lo our Union. It is un
derstood that this is a favorite project
with Mr. Calhoun. But as its accom
plishment might prove fatal in our free
institutions, it will be a solemn duty of
the Northern Democrats lo oppose it.
We shall admit all communications lhat
go rgainst annexation.
The Democracy of New . England will
go in a solid body against annexation.
The absurd and fallacious doctrines of
"Aristidcp," in the New Hampshire Ga
zette, do not take with the Northern De
mocracy. He writes with some ability,
but, after sifting all his arguments, the on
ly substance is, that we want Texas for a
great slave mart. - .
.. 4ncli,bV l,.n..,..!,0n.v,:.- r
Tcx.is, knowing that the object is to opii
a great slave mart there; - and, as one of
the inevitable results, to entail the curse
upon ourselves and our prosperity. : Yes,
the annexation would be as tall of evils as
a Pandora box. . - .
"Aristidcs more thnn intimates that
England wishes to gain Texas iu order to
destroy the peculiar domestic iustitulion
of the South. .
" A black and inglorious fchcme.,,
Th3 Bay of San Francisco.
The 'subjoined. '.description of the bay
and harbor of San Franckco is from Farv
haVi's Travels in Califcrnr. The testi
mony of all navigators who have visited
this magnificent harbor concurs n- pro-nonriei:!-r
it one cf '.he rr.ot noble recepta
cles of ships r.nd shipping any where , to
be found on she globe.
The harbors on the Pocific' coast are so
few towards the north that San Francisco,
even if its natural aJvatitacs were but or-
dinary, would become a:i important point
in the future development of the commerce
of the Pacific. With its verv cxtracrdi-
n"ry "'"vantages, so admirably adapting it
to the uses cf a vast trade ; with its spe
cial facilities of access and defence,1 render
i:rg it so happily suited for a naval depot,
such as might' be required by the li.-st
maritime Power in the world, ihu impor
tance of suets a h;tt bor can scarcely iia es
timated bv anv known standards of value
riIn!ifMi! fi livi d.!n,rc 'Din r -.iir-.1
facilities tor communication between San
Francisco and the valley of the Missouri
arc sue!) that the hand cf art, in perfecting
them, will seem to be cc-cperating with
Nature rather than overcoming her.- Ind
"Th: Bay of S.m Francisco is the. glo
ry of the Western. World. Its mouth lies
in latitude '.u 58'. The -water: on the
p!rbl f,r'inm ::t. biw ivitfr
,, ,. , ,-. ,.,... ,
dred feci above the sea, and form the laud
marks in foggy weather lo point out the
b:r and the channel into the harbor. The
capes at the ocean's edge are about two
miles apart, always verdant and refresh
ing to the eye ; and, as you go up the pas
sago, the little streams tumbling from ihe
rocks among the greenwood, and the wild
game out on the clitls or frolicking among
the brush, and the seal basking in the wa
t?r, give promise cf pleasure and rest from
the toils of the sea.
"This passage is about five miles in 1
lUII-Jiii. L win uiu a iiJit iiuiit liiu
capes it narrows considerably; and pre
sents a bold point north and south. Tlie
fortcn which thi-j mighty harbor conde
scends to dfpend for protection is in ru
uozi-.i okl rusty guns, m inc care
cf thirty or forlv half-clad, half-bread sol
diers, usually foraging in squads of Jive or
side of its walls tumbled down, and anolh- I
cr strongly disposed to plunge into .he
, i I t i i I
is a irue sumiomg up o; its prLbcnt
strength. . :
"Six miles from the copes at the ir.oulh
and at the point where it begins, lo open
into the bey, are two small islands on
which forts might be conveniently brill,
that would command the narrows and al
so the entrance into both the nr-rth , and
...K t f I.--. Itt l-irt 1 .i l.Un
IjvJO II Willi ! til'S tl.l. tiiULlAl, mc "liMlt '
, . I i -i t i ! r
bay is so studded with islani'a easily Tor- ,
tilled, end so overhung by hcadUnds, ' 1
which of thorn- Ives are fortress, s, that a " Tl:c ombat bein- now in tlie street
oarlv in po-ciou cf them could held j of Sarrajas a, the sound ot the alarm bell
tho bey a-iinstvaM odds and iu comnar-
iv.-: t'.n ...rrv-t in tl-.. i
northern point of the bay is twenty-four :
miles, ?;:d to the southeastern point thirty- j
The southern half of the hay varies
from fourteen to fifteen, the northern half
from four to twenty miles in width. In
every part of this large tract cf water is
good holding ground, and on all it? bores
are coves in which vessels of any tonnage
mav lie snug and secure from storms,
within a cable's length from the land, in
the northwest corner cf th.e bay is the in-k-t
cf the Rio Sacramento.
'Tlie surpassing- beauty and magnifi
cence cf this harbor c: San Fn-ufcisco can
viewed from the land. One must :.)
r roach it from the sea ; have a full view
cf the lofty i'mres north and south, rising
at intervals into lofty peaks,
their baccs with primeval f;resis cf ever
green cedars and pines mottled with tlie
boughs cf the oak, the ash. and the pine.
The bar which springs from tlie northern
headlands of its entrance, and running be
neath the blue waters of the Pacltie from
live lo nine fathom?, causing a belt of surf
to ro'd aeross the mouth, must be passed.
A breeze must bear -your bark over and a
bng the il mgerous rocks three quarters of
a mile tn?ide on tlie right, quarrelling with
the surges ; and onward four 'miles' bet
ween ihe projecting cbfis, overhanging
peaks, ami verd :nt woodlands' filled with
starting deer and other game, to the har
bors at the narrows - beneath the trrt
.:. ..., ,u r.:, ,
lit' R'Ji; ti a t a. a ami, w--. mc ivn t.t.i n.i- i
bav, is seen a broad sheet of water, stretch
in off, north and south, the largest r.nd
best harbor of the earth, surrounded bv a
country partly wooded, and partly dispo-;;!
sed in open glades and prairies of the rich
est kind, covered with the flocks and
herds of the Missions, and deer, and elk,
and bears. And, amid the beautiful hills
of the south and east of Santa Clara, El
Pueblo San Jose, and Mission Sn Joss ;
and on the southern peninsula, five miles
wide, is San Francisco, Ycrba Cucno, the
trading house of the Hudson Ray Fur
Company, the Presido and Castillo; on
the northern peninsula is San Refeal, and
in the north San Francisco Solano, a group
of beanty and grandeur lhat knows no su
perior in anv clime."
Farnliam' Travels b California.- 1
, IIOV TO CARRY CITIES EY
The capture of Monterey, after three
days' fighting, by Ken. Taylor and his
grdlar.t men, brings to mind parallel in
stances in history, in none of which was
greater bravery witnessed, nor more mas
terly generalship, nor more complete suc
cess. Two memorable events of this j
t-inil Invfi K.ipn rcfVrrfnl trv w ?.i"rt-iotj s"!
, . . .
recent ttate one signalizing tr.e Jast;
jrveat struirIc between icome an-J Car-
tha Te: the other occurred in the Penir.su
lar war of the present century.
The following account of the manner in
which Carthago was taken and destroyed
by t!:c Ramans under Scipio Ajiucanus
" Early in the spring Scipio attacked at
one and the same time, the harbor called ;
Cothon and the citadel, llaviiiif to?-'
sessed himself of the wall which sur
rounded this port, In: threw himself into
the grejt square of the city tout was near
it, from whence there was an ascent lo
the citadel up three streets', on Cuch sitb
of which' were houses, from the tops
whereof a sh.nver of darts , was discharged
upon the Romsns, who were o!ii.. d. be-
fore Jhey t-ouhl advance further, lo force'
the liouses they ra;nu to iirst, and post
themselves ia thi-in, iu order to disdodc
ilience the ciiemy, who fougiit fi m the
neighboring ho;isej. "Tiic eondj.it, which
was carried on from the tops
imd in eve-
ry part of the. houses, continued six dajs,
during which a dreadful slaughter was
made. To clear the streets, and make
way for the troops, the Ramans, dragged
with hooks bodies cf such cf the inhabi
tants as had been slain or precipitated
headlong; from the houses, threw them in
to pits, many r them, while yet alive end
panting. Li this toil, v. Inch lasted six
days and six night-?, the soldiers were: re
lieved from tiaic to time by fresh e:!r,e,
without which they would have been
quite spent. Scipm was ihe only per
son who did not take a wink of shvp du-
ring all uus lime, Mid scarce aaowed h;:n- !
self leisure to lake the; least reiVcih
mciit'" In Napier's admirable history cf the
Peninsular war a most interesting and
graphic description is found of the siege
and capture of Saragossa by the French
under Marshal Lannf.--. The ramparts
having been battered down
"The walls of Saragosa thus wrnt to
th.e grounil; tml Saragors ) herself remain-
r.l erect, and as iU-j brtka girdle laii i
i .- -v.v ll.-fe K.t 1.. I ........ ..
, , . . ,. -. , - ,
the regular defences fiad h:d-.-ed crumbled
before l!;c skiii of the assailants, but the
uhr, if" wns .,,a,;iCil:;,tcl.v
, cm, wkii an ii u-rnir;:, smo ac:ion, auu as
if fortune had resolved to mark the exact
moiiic-nt v. r.en t;:a crumarv
:ceasc, t:m c;;k-
engineers on both sides uerej shmiua-
peoufly slain. The French Genera!, La j
j Cos-e, a young man, intrepid, skilful and j
rc-nudwet! wiiii genius, p:rw:e;i like a
j brave soldier. The Spanish Col. San
Gcnis died not only with the honor of a
: soldier but the glory of the patriot his
I blood staining-the ramparts he had him-
I." 1 r .1 i- t
scsl ratseu lor i.ic protce-ion ot his native
w-s I:cart! every rpurrtu? poop
the houses' nearest the
lodgments of the enemy additional bar
ricades were construct s; across th.'princi-
p.ti inorouguiares mmes were prepared
in the more open spaces and the internal J
communications iroai houe to hnr.se
were multiplied until thny formed a vast
labyrinth, th.e intricate windings of which
wer only lo ba traced
and the dead bodies of
by the weapons
From tlie height of the walks which he
had conquered, Lannes contemplated this
terrific scene, and 'judging that men so
p'ts-sionalej and so prepare.', could not be
prudently encountered i.i open battle, he
resolved to proceed by the ebnv, but
certain progress cf the utattock and Cv.
Napier proceed.? to relate the -further
operations of the sicgo how house after
house waa blown up, street by street gain
ed, and finally Saragassa captured, but
only after it was abiKt reduced to an in
discriminate mass oi smouldering ruins.
In both of the instances here specified
the slaughter was immense. And it may
?c inferred beyond a doubt that il our
Iroo-is at Monterey had continued tlie
street fighting .ds it was begun on the lirst
day of the assault, the final capture of the
place would not have boon accempliihed
without faariul loss.. The ci:y veas 'pre
pared for just sueh a defence as ileal which
Saragassa maintained; it was in- fact pre
pared with more onro than had lcen be-
! stowed upon the latter place, which' had
its walis to my upon, and therelore did
... , , .. ,
t Itwfc ...fcv... x . iniMvi .awii. .in... ...
wrdls were ccstroved. The
Monterey were not onlyVakcd and entila-
.)'afl,IIer' f f ,n rf f 8
masonry were also erected across the
streets leading to the Piaza, by which the
advance of ihe assailants might be stop
ped, while, at every moment, vollics of
musketry could be poured from the tops
of the houses on both sides by men con
ceded behind parapets. .
Thf mndp rsil-'intPiI f nrF-trotinir
through the houses, on Loin bides of the
street, by making holes in the interior
partition walls and thus gaming posses
sion of the adjoining houses successively,
rendered the street dclenccs of the- Mcii-
can? wholly useless. In addition to the
advantages secured bv thus advauci
.....t -1 ! rji- :.. .( .
uuuii tuuT, inu amrricaii nue, v. mr
hands of such men as the Texan rangers
and the Western volunteers, was a more
efficient weapon in sm:h u contest as thi-T
than any which the assailants cf Saragos
sa possessed. The ritie, ued as it can
be used bv Americans only, is in tact a
weapon which nisst irive sr;eri;f!tv to
Our arms EMiist ;Hiy l.e, ir; any I ind ti
battle in which ii cm bu Cillcierttly em
ployed. It is mn-.-md to read, in the v.c
counts cf battles, of in tops bein uttder
rlsreloriiours wi.: art airirreirai? loss m the
lire lo? jiours wi
c:5,j f , c
to aurtost' incredib!?.
Now it is
not poj!;!ii i'.i:
uiL-n u cxpudca 10 tne urc
of Ameri -
can rhirmen, even for a hert time, with
out great loss Ijeeause epry rideman is
a marksman, and no mu:k;mau shoots
whhcu: simrmr his :nui.
JTrvm the X. O. Plcrtyunr.
Er'Ki?!! TUZZ ARMY.
MONCLOYA AND CHIHUAHUA
T A K E N. EXPEDITION A-
. GAINST Y I C TO R I A MARCH OF
THE AMERICAN FORCES UP
. The stcanrdii; MeKi.m, Jr., J. B.
Pock, m:;ster, arrived ia:t evening from
tli? Brazes, which place .-he left on tho
23th inrt. The McKim brought lac
mail am; a urge tu::.)ir;r 'A passengers.
i :.., !. .(,... ' .1 1
(Jrahain bearers of de patt'h':
; from Gen.
C.i:-t. G. 'V.
er cf despatches from Gen. Wool.
Ccpt. G. T. M. Dausud to Gen.
lhat Gen. Vr'ooi took
session cf Monelora on ihe
li',)h October. The Governor and. a
number of the principal ci;izans formed
escort and met Gen. Wool about four
inilt a fiimi the city ;md v c!co:ued him
&s a friend. 0'ie cf th beet houses ia
the placj was o Cured tj him lor his head
euaricrs wiiich oiler was accepted.
G-.;n. Wc ui's army, cumbering 2300 men
was in txcetieui h';a!tu ami spin's
country through v. n;ch it passed
scribed as a!) lunJi.ig
i;i . wr.eat, corn,
i beef, mutton and every
cf subsieteuee, w iiiclx could be had at
rcuscmnbb prices, ('apt. Davis reports
tbat corn ia raisei iu quantities and of
quality iurpa.-smg s:;y tiling he liad be
fore teen, ami that t.he climate is dclighf
ftil a:.d the country generally very bcau
tifi.l, fertile ar.;l vafred with .numerous
streams.'' Gen. Yv'ool marched from the
Pre. idiothl Rio Grande to Monclova, a
distance cf two Iv.mdrtd and four miles in
tdeven marching d ys.
News was received at Montelova cn
the td ins?:, that Cvi. Dor.iphan; cf th'j
M i.v-'.iri vtduntccrs, m!;o bed been de-t.-u-i:-?d
by G.:u. Ke;-rney, at Sula Fo,
for that duty, had taken" the city Chihn
hua witii TOO men. He entered the
place without impediment the town hav
ing su Tendered without a gun being
fired, a v.c always said woidd be the
Co!. Riley, of tlie 3d Infantry, Ins
bn ordered tom-rc'i with the v. i:c!e of
his regime:;, upon Victoria, de Tainan-
i rt i t r .t.
tipas. no mm if.i t::.cn mat service
when cur informant lef: Comargo.
Upon the arrival cf despatches
me tinted .elates government ordering
in end to be put to the armistice, Gen.
Taylor despatched Major Graham lo
Saltil'o to confer with the Mexican camp
and informs hem thateach parly was at
liber.v to act as it might thii:k tit. . Not
.vn ctllcer nor a ro'dior was to be seen at
Saluiio. M:-j. Gruham had an interview
with the Governor and informed him
that the armistice was : t an end, and re
quested him to dispatch the intelligence
to the Mexican cmutnandcr-in-ehief at
San Luis Iv.osi. The Governor de-
sirctl Major (Trhnn te proceed to
Luis ami deliver hi-? rnessage.but thct cf-
beer a instructions rcjr.g peremptory be
returned to Monterey. W hen Maj. Gra
ham left Monterey on the ICt'i insl. Gen.
Worth wa tinder orders to move against
Saiullo. He was lo hive left the next
day. ' Gen. Taylor intended to accom
pany him with ihe "d Regiment of Dra
goon?, hut would return again to Monte
rey, leaving Gen. Vfort'i there. No
resist.. r.ce was anticipated from the ene
my. Io:n tit.; eY. O. ricn-t:nc.
Tlie brig Vfi'd, Capt. Decker, arrived
st this port yesterday from Rraz?s San
tiago, having sailed thcr.co on the 23d
inst., two days later than our former r.d
vices. The Will brought no mail, as the
McKimwasto Icac the same day and!
tlie mails would doubtless be reserved lor
her; but we have the American Flag cf
Mthins thanks to Dap. Decker, v. hick
is three days later itiian wc have before
The Flag nrmovmccs that on the 11th
inst. the Tennessee cavalry, numbering
near 000 men audi horses, .under the
command of Cel. Thomas, marched
through the ttrocis cf Mr.tamcras from
their encampment four or five miles south
of that place on the San Fernando road.
Capt. Haynes s company Ind been tern
norarilv detached from the rceiment and.
streets el,', ,- ' ,.r
Tho Flag informs us that Gen. Taylor 1
has been compelled to throw into prison
a priest detected in preaching desertion
to the American troops. Th.e Flag he:S
little mercy on him.
RAIL ROAD IMPROVEMENTS.
All the contracts for building the New
York and Tlrie Rail Road to RbighamLou
are taken, at a million less than i,:c cli
mates. The aggregate amount c the
contracts are 81, 000,00. At this rale,
SG,COO.O00 would complete to road to
AU?utIt500,OC0 f the Hock cf the
ins been Tairerr '. T . ...
300,000 in Bvion. The wtvt? amour
required is J2,5(t;f;0.- Tl-.e vonitat-t
lor building thr? Koad arc z'. r.tade,
ih-i work is tj be e?:u:;:e::c. J Ic;;acJiitc
The XVerJe ai;i ;:o TTnr.
Ti;e Nortli Americrn has the loliowin:;
reir.r rks on the war. Thty place lli9
matter cn the right grounds,
There is not. never hs been," tha
; s:ig!iUs: manifestation of a'disjMjstuoii on
tLe purl cf the Whig pirty to withhold
! support from the Government ia tbc pros-
ceuiion cf the war. To say that ihera
has been, is most false, most factions, and
is meant to make the mischief it affects t'
denounce. The Union and kindred prir.li
have made such charges, cud from such
motives; they know them to be false; cv
cry American recoguizes and resents them '
:vj a slander against our common country.
The Whigs assumed their position broad
ly, at tha lirst. They hastened to oJcr
every thing fcrthe war: to have withheld
d.o pro tier would have worked evil to ouf
country. At the same time they havj
protested against the wrong done and re
served their claim lor future justice ! te
have omitted this would have been to
have proclaimed an extra-constitutional
Dictatorship. Their position is unchang
ed: It is true that they have murmured
against the policy of the administration,"
and why ? Because the President did
r.ot second the ctforts ot the Yv higs :
they asked more men, in ere ships, mors
munitions, mere heart, more honesty;
they alledgcd a design to belittle the war
and protract a dangerous contest. W ere
they right in their" charges ? They ar
sustained by presort facts ; the war is
more formidable now than ever. V cro
t'oev right in their recommendations ?
They have been recognized and adopted '
by the administration. Mr. Polk haa
been constrained to adopt Whig councils.
The army is reinforced; and will be still
further strengthened: and the Gulf squad
ron will be made efficient. Scott has been
sent to the army; Stewart will be to the
Navy. These "are Whig movements ; and
under their insprriting influence we looi
for earnest results. If they be insufficient
-add to them ; to the last drop and hrt
dollar the Whigs are eager to meet the re
quisition. They regard the war zs "un
natural and therefore pant lo fight it out,
vigorously and at ence, and be freed from
Will meet at the Lyceum room on Fri
day evening next, at G o'clock.
QUESTIOX FOR DISCUSSION.
Ought the Constitution to provide oi
ly for biemnial cessions cf the LegUla
R. L. Stewart. S. W. Pearson.
II. P. IIITE, Sec'y.
STRAY EI BUFFER
M AMn to the premises of the subserl
T&J let in Ciklick totvukhip, on the CT'h
of October bsi, a one year old fll.ACL
HFIFFER, with son.e WHITL apoi
about tbe head and a hole in the, right
The owner is reqtiested to come and
prove properly and pay charge?, o;Ler
wise said heiffcr will be sold a the bitf
directs. WM. RINGLER.
ROS'ZHT S. M KAI3.
eamcf.l m actr.u
Fonc a rding f Commission
At the Hailroud. Depot,
J? E FE R E XCFS.
); Sw?,n- Fayette" co.
H. . ikeson i '
Hon. J S. Hhck,
Ctd. 1. Ankenv,
J.-nias Kcint. En.
Tlioais J. ii W. W. McKaij.
Doc. 15 1m.
JA VINE'S EXPECTORANT.
22) 'J'iHS medicine his already proved
iielftore all tliat it has been rccom
mended, by those who have given it a
fair test in ibis country, and the demand
for il increases daily. We hare jt:s t
heard of an important cure fr.f Asthma,
which has bse effected by ths use cf it
in a neighboring town the case wa
ihjl of a Temale, vjIij had for a Ion,f
time been under tbe care cf a physic:--
but i: id received no relief, end her can?
was 'considered hopeless. As a last re
surt sl.c purchased a bottle ofDr, Jayr.eV
Expcctcrant, whi'h cacsrd her lo ex
pcetarate freely, gradually eased h?r
cough, and rapidly restored her to health
Wcliavctno hesitation in s:ing, tha
ihi preparation of Dr. ayne. far thf
cure cf Coughs. CVld. Infl-jerza, Astli-ir.-i,
r;:iBu:p!icnf &c,. ihe most
tii.bie medicine ett-r offered to ihe A
H'eri'n p!i'-b' There is no quackery
te-fit it Dr. '.lyi-e is cr.e cf the mc.
:,m't: pr;iciisi:g pls sicians in Pcr.nt
viuia. and s. lpreer bis various prrper
4iio;i? lurie bren ll.orounhly lasted. I
ts kicked uro:: s fcrt .it p.. '' be bene
..: ej Jit-rr.zl.
Prepared o;.'v ' v
Dr. Dawl J-ynr,
N. 3 Steitii Third Strrrt. Philrlp-hta.
J. J.i IL F. Scbcll. .
E.fvrrrd l' f VIM,
- : . '" . i