Gazette of the United States & evening advertiser. (Philadelphia [Pa.]) 1793-1794, February 21, 1794, Image 2

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    old minister, Martha! Bender, and two o
ther generals were present ; and in the ev
ening various messengers were dispatched
to Vienna, Berlin, Ghjint, and N inpur.
This morning the Council fits again, and
the departure of Prince Cobourg for head
quarters, at Mons, is fixed for this even
ing ; his pretence being more nccefijtry
there than here.
The young Count Buckhoby, a Prufli
an officer, arrived here theday before vef
ttrdey, bringing the important news oi
the victories gained by the duke of Biunf
wiefc over the French, for three fuccelfue
da's, n-'inely, the 28th 29th and 30th.
The battle of the 30th was the mot! bloo
dy. About live in the morning, the
French, i 6,000 strong, attacked near lir
lenbach, the right wing of the Duke,
which con 11 lied of four battalions of S.ix
oiia, the Pruflian regiments of Hohenlohe
and Bmnfwick, and some Saxon cavalry,
with unextmplid fury; so that, after a
combat of four hours, and having fuffcred
great loss, the Saxons retired in disorder.
Informed of this, the duke sent General
Kalkreutb, with eight battalions of foot,
and iix fquadion of horse, to their aid.
The regiment of Hohenlohe began the
attack with the bayonet, and bovh par
ties fought furioufly till fix o'clock in the
evening. At length the left wing of the
enemy w:.ft not only repulsed, but totally
defeated by Gen. Kalkreutb, and forced,
towards midnight, to fly five leagues be
fore Lantern : 7,000 of the French re
nu»neddea4 on the field; 2,000 prisoners,
1 5 cannon, and 75 caiflons were taken.
Tlm's victory, though signal, was dearly
purchased by the allies. More than jooo
men were slaughtered ; the Saxons fuffered
greatly ; the regiments of Hohenlohe and
Brunftvick alone, had 1240 men killed ;
and a battalion of Saxons was entirely cut
to pieces: Gen. Kaikreuth was mortally
wounded, and 53 officers were killed, a
mong whom was the brave Adjutant Ge-
Ti. of the duke of Brunfwick, Major
Hirciincldi who feliby a cannon ball while
receiving orders.
Next o':y the duke attacked the French
in turn, between Lautern and Landftuhl,
and after a dreadful carnage, the French
again retired wi(h the loss of 3000 killed,
and as many wounded and taken. Among
the former, whert the two French Gener-
I'iaheru and Horft. The loss of the, who puriued with 16 squadron
of boric, as far as Saarbruck, amounted
to 18co lulled, 2000 K'ounded, anAfome
hundreds mifling or taken.
I havejoft received a letter ftom Hague
naci, dated the 3d instant, containing an
account of the dreadful and unexampled
carnage, which- has taken place iince the
2&lli, on She Rhine. The French it is
afii roed, have loft ir> the different actions,
nearly IS,0:0 men killed, as many wound
ed, and 4000 taken prisoners. The loss
of the combined troops was little less, and
m v e rtainiy b« said to amount to 16,000
m< ii killed, and wi undid. Among the
former 15S officers, Saxon, Prussian, and
Imperial, and 2\l wpunded, three of
whom vvu e generals. It further affirms,
that 011 tin- iirft of this month the French
attacked s'l the Au'irian ports,from Wan
gcntui to Hngiienau, Brumpt and Hoch
iclden ; that the Impciialifts had vigorouf
lv rcpulfed them ; that they returned to
the attack next day, hut that after a most
bloot:y aftiou, they were again driven al
inoft under the walls of Skrafbourgh. The
A uitrian General count Keglevitch, by
birth a Hungarian, and 13 other officers
were killed. Our loss in these two acti
ons amounts to 1500 men killed, and a
bout a» many wounded. The loss of the
F. encli is eftimatedby Gen. Wurmfer, at
5000 killed wounded and taken.
Prince Cobourg, on reading the ac
count of these (laughters, said to his roy
al highnefi, " our victories are- deatly
purchaicd, my Lord, but these battles
were inevitable to preserve the positions
necefi'ary for the combined army during
the winter."
Tlu* 2 5;OCO men arrived ill Francoiiia,
that wive to have joined the army of the
Netherlands, have received orders to join
that of the Rhine, which cannot but be
dreadfully (hattered ; 16,c0e Pruflians al
t) have within these few days marched
from Wefel to Treves, in order to rein,
foicethc duke of Brunfwick. The duke
de Bourbon, who commanded the corps
of emigrants in the a&ion of the 2d near
Hnguenau, was wounded in the arm, and
Geu. Wurn fes exposed himfelffo far,that
lie was a'n-oft surrounded by a fqiwdron
of theei emy, but was afterwards rt-litv.
Ed by the hussars of Erdody.
Yesterday after dinner, Prince Cobourg
visited the hospitals of Brulfels, and was
not only diflatisfied, but so very angry,
that he put Captain Schoenfeld, who hau
the dirc&ion of one in which was 1800
of the wounded, uudcr arrest, with three
other officers. He lntlaiitly ordered the
Surgeon Majors to present him a plan
within £4 hours, for the better treatment
of these poor vittims, and exhorted the
flati s to pay attention to the dreadful mi
sery of these brave defenders of their
count!y. The negligence in the hospitals
is so great, that it (hocks humanity ; 50
or lixtv die daily for want of proper care
—the wounded are Icarcely drelied once
a week. They lie in garrets and in the
paflages, on a little straw, covered with
rags. In a word, their iituation is dread
ful. a convoy of French prison
ers all wounded, arrived here, and were
thi& morning transported to Louvain.—
The)- were followed by another of thirty
five waggon load of wounded Auftrian6,
coming from before Givet, where the gar
rison of that fortrefs, 2000 ttrong, made
a faily on the 3d, and attacked the right
wing of Gen. Beaulieu, but after an ac
tion of 4 hours, were driven with consi
derable loss under the walis of the fort
The Wurmfer huffart and the Carne
ville legion performed wonders here, and
bro't off sixty prisoners. We had sixty
killed, and 120 wounded, all light troops.
I am this moment told that the depar
ture of Prince Cobourg is deferred, in
order to wait for thfc arrival of his royal
highnefsthe duke of York, and General
Beaulieu, who are expected to-morrow,to
be present at a third conference relative to
operations which they are to undertake
during the winter.
Imperial Head-Quarters at Haguenau,
December 1.
This day the French gave us a moll fu
rious battle ; and the attacks were every
where most vigorously conductrd.
The conflict lalted from day-break till
late at night, when the enemy were ulti
mately turned and repulsed.
Dec. 2—B o'clock in the evening.
Yesterday and this day, bloody actions
havebeen fought. The patriots did all
they could to break through, but they
were obliged to retreat with the loss of 7
pieces of cannon. General Count Kegle
vich was caiTied off by a cannon ball, and
the duke of Bourbon received a wound in
his hand with the stroke of a sabre.
VIENNA, Nov. 23,
The report which prevailed, that the
Prussians were going to take up their
winter-quarters in the countries of Anf
pach and Bareuth, is void of foundation,
as they will, 011 the contrary, remain with
our army on the Rhine, which will now
confill of 54,000 men.
The famous Dr. Mefmer has been ar
retted, and his papers sealed tip ; it is fup
pofcd he held a ccrrefpondence with the
MANHEIM, Nov. 28.
All the Dutchy of Deux-Ponts is clear
ed of the French.
PARIS, November 28,
It was generally imagined that Madame
du Barry was arretted for the purpose of
making her give an account of her fortune,
but some papers are said to be found in
her pofleffion relative to a plot to destroy
the Republic, together with letters from
a number of emigrants whom (he sup
ports. These papers have been sent to
the revolutionary tribunal, and (lie will
(hortly be tried.
December 11
The number of the prisoners who are
now confined in the Luxembourg, is much
greater than the public Journals have hi
therto announced.
l The Duchess of Orleans occupies an
apartment close to that in which Bazire
and Chabot are (hut up. Among the
reft of the prisoners have been remarked
Laborde the Financier, Nicola, the Play
er, Prince Charles of Hesse, La Ferte,
Levy Mirepoix, a great number of Gene
rals, and the old Marlhal de Mouchy and
his wife.
Bazire and Chabot are alone in one
aparment; the reft of the rooms contain
ten or twelve prisoners each. Every pri
soner has his hammock or fling-bed, and
a small mattrafs, in comparison no bigger
than a puf&d pan-cake !
The Rich take cire of the poor ; they
all fraternize ; but every prisoner (hunt
and flies from him who was called under
the ancient government, His Serene High
ness Prince Charles of Hefle.
Letters from Angers mention, that
L'Efcure, one of the chiefs of the Roy
alists, died at Fougeres of his wounds.
His body has been embalmed, and is drawn
by (lately horses, richly caparisoned, after
the Royal Catholic Army.
LONDON, Dec. 14.
We have received a letter from an of
ficer serving in the expedition under the
Earl of Morai, from Guernsey, dated
the gth inft. as follows:
" The Royalists are on the coast. We
(hall depart immediately to join them. I
have not time to give you further parti-
We have received certain information,
that since the battles between the Duke
of Brunfwick and the French in Deux
Ponts, Gen. Wurmfer has defeated the
Republican troops in three fuccefiive en
gagements, and has put the whole French
army in Alsace to the rout.
The last accounts from Paris are parti
larly interelling. In the fittings of the
Jacobin Club of the 28th of November,
Barrere, the very organ of the commit
tee of public fafety, was denounced by
Balhedasas a man in whom no dependence
could be placed He represented him as
a man who only had his own interest at
heart; he had purchased property to the
amount of 600,000 livres. This is sus
picious. He was a friend of BrilTot, but
now appears among the supporters of the
Mountain ; for his maxim is always to be
of the flrongeft party. When he had
finifhed, Roberfpierre attempted the de
fence of Barrere, but found the current
of the opinions of the Club too ftrorig
against his friend, and very wifely (to es
cape a similar disgrace) declared he would
desist from defending Barrere, and defend
no one, left he should be involved in their
fate. The Club determined that Bar
rere's conduit should some future day be
taken into consideration.
Roberfpierre, in the course of the fit
ting, read a letter to BrifTot from one of
his illuttrious friends in London, in which
he laments his being arrested, and threa
tens Danton, Roberfpierre, and others,
in ca/e they persecute BrifTot, that he
will write to the bankers of Genoa and
Amsterdam, and flop the promised loan
of 17 millions which he had obtained for
them. Roberfpierre also read another let
ter from the French Princes to himfelf,
exprefiing their approbation of his con
duct, and their knowledge of his opinion
refpedling the restoration of Monarchy,
and requesting him to hold himfelf in rea
diness to deliver the city of Paris to the
Prince de Cobourg when he should reach
the vicinity of that place. However, Ro
berfpierre, assured the club, that these
letters were wrote in Paris by the enemies
of the Republic, and that he would take
the greateil care to unravel the plot, and
bring the guilty to justice.
The wife of Rabaud St. Etienne, late
ly arretted, in a fit of despair threw her
felf into a well and was drowned.
A letter from Prefburg, dated Nov. 7,
fays, " The Turkish AmbafTador sent by
the Grand Signior to the Court of Lon
don is ah-eady armed at Hermanftadt in
On Monday last arrived at Plymouth,
in the Severn (hip of war, Major-Gene
ral Clarke, Lieutenant-Governor of Que
Extract of a letter from Plymouth-Dock,
December 9.
" Came in the Rattler Cutter, Lieute
nant Winn, tender to Lord Howe's fleet;
but can give no account of the fleet, as
(he parted them ten days Cnce.
" 11 th. Arrived the Cleopatra of Phi
ladelphia, from Hambro' with hemp and
bale goods, taken by a French man-of
war of 80 guns, and re-taken yellerday
about 20 leagues fouth-wcfl of Scilly, by
the Culloden, Sir Thomas Rich, Bart.
Commander, as (he was fleering for Brest.
The Culloden has gone in quell of the
French man-of-war. There is something
mysterious in the French capturing this
{hip, as she was bound to Philadelphia.—
They mult be in want of these goods—or
that (he is a French-American—or that
they have made war against the whole
world, and have now boldly come forth
to declare it."
At length something in the (hape of a
regular communication from Lord Howe
ha»b«ii received. The Orestes floopof war
it arrived at Plymouth, which lift the
Grand Elect off Scilly on the 6th instant.
by this (hip we learn, that the French
tieet, seen by Lord Howe on the 18th
ult. escaped during that night, ar.d has
not been lince seen by his Lordlhip.
Letters received from Nantz, dated the
27th of O&ober, confirm the taking of
the iflandof Noirmontier (near the mouth
of the Loire) by the rovahltsof La Ven
dee. Thus they hope to receive succours
from Englaud.
The lame letters mention, that the co
lumn of Royalilts, which palled the Loire
at Varade, carried off its artillery, ammu
nition, and baggage, without the imallelt
loss, and that they intended to go lrom
Laval towards Lower Bretagne and St.
Malo, where a formidable party waits on
ly for their appearance to declare them
Twelve thonfand republicans, coming
from La Vandee, have palled the bridges
for Nantz on their way to Rennes, to give
the royaKfts battle.
The earl of Yarmouth, in luslaft dil
patch, informs us, that on the 25th ult,
the left wing of the French were com
pletely routed ; and that the next day but
one the Auitrians were attacked on every
If the Immediate consequence of com
pletely routing the French be a general at
tack on 1 victorious army, it would be
much w policy to leave them alone.
November 30.
By It -rs from an officer at Toulon
we learn, ha' Gen. O'Hara carried with
him froir. Gil 'tar, one thousand troojia.
The force at ,'oulon was eighteen thou
sand men on the ill inft. and great rein
forcements were d i]y expected from the
different allied powers.
Lord Mulgrave, before lie was super
seded in the chief command at Toulon,
sent a flag of truce to Gen. La Poype,
refpefting the exchange or a Britifli offi
cer that had been taken prisoner. The
officer who went was blindfolded at the
distance of four miles from the French
head-quarters. Having reached them he
was conducted into a house, and to'id that
he would soon fee the General. Shortly
after he was conducted to Ger.. La Poype,
who behaved to him with great politencis;
but there were present fix Commifiioncrs
from the National Convention, who were
ill-looking, vulgar, and rude in their man
ners. The General very politely made
tea in the evening for the Britifli officer ;
but the Commissioners would not leave
Them alone for one moment, doubtful of
the principles of their General, because he
displayed the courtesy of a gentleman.
When the officer came away, La Poype
mounted him on one of hrs belt horses ;
and he was escorted back to the French
advanced posts blindfolded as before.
ExtraA of a letter from Deux-Ponts,
November 17,
" For some days pall a movement has
been remarkedamong the Pruflians,which
made lis fufpe&fome fcciet expedition.—
A great number of scaling-ladders, ropts
iron levers, hatchets and axes, &c. were
bro't to this city and its environs. Lad
night the secret was unravelled : we were
awakened by a dreadful cannonade, which
lasted from one o'clock till Rear fix in the
morning. About 9it was reported that
the Pruflians had carried Bitfche by al
fault. The cannonade recommenccd to
wards noon, increased constantly, and
seemed to draw nearer. We then began
to doubt the truth of the report, especi
ally when we saw a great number of pro
pie arrive at the fame time, who nad fled
from the environs of the river Blies. At
lad we were informed, that the Prufliaiis
had certainly attempted to take Bitfche
by storm, but that they had not succeed
ed. This roused the courage of the
French, who immediately attacked the
corps of Pruflians near Bliefcalllc ; but,
by a movement of the duke of Brunfwick
they are in danger of being entirely cut
Extract of a letter from Paris Nov. 20.
" To the heads of the ai cufation agaiuft
Manuel, before mentioned, the following
may be added :
" That he plotted the fatal bufinefo of
the 2d and 3d of September with Petion;
that he encouraged the assassins ; that with
Petion he projected the robbery of the
jewel office ; that he wiflurd for a copy of
the resolutions relative to the late king,
and his confinement in the Temple, for
the sole purpose of transmitting the fame to
the king of Prussia whiift he was in Cham
pagne, that he endeavored to obtain for the
President of the Convention (whiift Petion
wan in the chair) the Cattle of theThml