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<TI)r Hflf mvh
BY MEYERS & MENGEL.
TERMS OF PUBLICATION.
THZ BW® QA**TT is published every Pri t
j,v morning by MEYERS A MrasßL, t $2 00 per
•unum, */ /"<' strictly in advance ; $2.50 if paid
„-jthin six months; $3.00 if not paid within six
months. All subscription accounts M US T be
,filled annually. NJ paper will be sent out of
the State unless paid for is ADVAKCE, and all such
übseriptions will invariably he discontinued at
the expiration of the time for which they are
All ADVERTISEMENTS for a less term than
three months TEN CENTS per line for each In
sertion Special notices one-half additional All j
resolutions of Associations; communications of j
Untiled or individual interest, and notices of mar
; ages and deaths exceeding five lines, ten cents
per line. Editorial notices fifteen cents per line.
All legal Notices of every kind, and Orphans'
Court and Judicial Sales, are required by lair
t be published in both papers published in this
All advertising due after first insertion.
A liberal discount is made to persons advertising
by the quarter, half year, or year, as follows :
3 months. 6 months. 1 year
♦One square - - - $4 50 $6 00 $lO 00
Two squares - - - 600 900 16 00
Three squares - - - S 00 12 00 20 00
Quarter column - - 14 00 20 00 35 00
Half column - - - 18 00 25 00 45 00
One column - - - - 30 00 45 00 80 00
*One square to occupy one inch of space
JOB PRINTING, of every kind, done with
neatness and dispatch. THB GAZETTE OPPICR has
just been refitted with a Power Press and new type,
and everything in the Printing line can be execu
ted in the most artistic manner and at the lowest
rites -TERMS CASH.
A1 ters should be addressd to
MEYERS A MENGEL,
mHE BEDFO RD OAZETTE
pRI NTING ESTABLISHMENT,
AfEYERS & MENGEL
Having recently made additional im
provements to our office, we are pre
pared to execute all orders for
PLAIN AND FANCY
With dispatch and in the most
CIRCULARS, LETTER HEADS, BILL
HEADS, CHECKS, CERTIFICATES,
lILANKS. DEEDS, REGISTERS, RE
CEIPTS, CARDS, HEADINGS, ENVEL
OPES, SHOWBILLS, HANDBILLS, IN
VITATIONS, LABELS,brc. bfc.
Our facilities for printing
POSTERS, PROGRAMMES, Ac.,
CONCERTS AND EXHIBITIONS,
"PUBLIC SALE" BILLS
Printed at short notice.
We can insure complete satisfaction
as to time and price
BOOK S T O R E,
opposite the Mengel House,
The proprietor Uu' pleasure in offering to he
puhli" the following rt ' c iS?.
1;.,,k business, at CITY RETAIL PRICES
MISCELL AN EOUS BOOKS.
N O V E L S.
.BIBLES, HYMN BOOKS, AO.;
Large Family Bible?,
Lutheran Hymn Boohs,
Methodist Hymn Books,
Smith's Dictionary of the Bible.
History of the Books of the Bible,
Pilgriui 3 Progress, Ac., Ac.j Ac.
Episcopal Prayer books,
Presbyterian Hymn Books,
Letter, Congress Letter,
Sermon, Commercial Note,
Ladies' (lift. Ladies' Octavo,
Mourning, .French Note,
Rath Post, Damask Laid Note,
Cream Laid Note, Envelopes, Ac.
Several Hundred Different Figures, the Largest
lot ever brought to Bedford county, for
sale at prices CHEAPER THAN
EV EKSOLD in Bedford.
Lav Books. Ledgers,
Account Books. Cash Books.
Pocket Ledgers, Time Books,
Tuck Memorandums, Pass Books,
Money Books, Pocket Books,
Blank Judgment Notes, drafts, receipts, Ac
INKS AND INKSTANDS.
Morocco Spring Pocket Inkstands,
Glass arid Ordinary Stands for Schools,
Flat Glass Ink Wells and Rack,
Arnold's Writing Fluids,
Carmine Inks, Purple Inks,
Eukoion for pasting. Ac
PENS AND PENCILS.
Gi Hot's, i* Cohen's,
H'lilnwbuah A Carey's, Payaon,
Lunton, and Scribner's Pens,
Clark's ludelliblc, Faber's Tablet,
Guttkneebt's, Carpenter's Pencils.
Atlantic Mon hly,
Madame Demurest's Mirror of Fashions,
Oodey's Lady's Book,
Our Young Folks,
1 ankee Notions,
Budget of Fun.
Bullou s Magazine,
„ Harper's Weekly,
1 rank Leslie's Illustrated,
New York Lelger,
New York Weekly,
Putnam's Monthly Magazine,
Arthur's Home Magazine.
Oliver Optic's Boys and Girl's Magazine Ac.
Constantly on hand to accomodate those who want
to purchase living reading mattter.
Only a part of the vast number of articles per
t iiuing to the Book and Stationery business.
■\hich we *re prepared to sell cheaper than the
cheapest, arc above enumerated. Give us a call.
buy and sell for CASH, and by this arrange
ment we expect to sell as cheap as goods of this !
class are sold anywhere
"PLEC T R I C
TELEGRAPH IN CHINA.
THE EAST INDIA TELEGRAPH COMPANY' S
Nos. 23 & 25 Nassau Street ,
Organized under special charter from the State
of New York.
50,000 SHARES, SIOO EACH.
HON. ANDREW G. CURTIN, Philadelphia.
PAUL S. FORBES, of Russell A Co.. China.
FRED BUTTERFIELD, of F. Bu tterfield A C
ISAAC LIYERMORE, Treasurer Michigan Cen
trai Railroad, Boston.
ALEXANDER HOLLAND, Treasurer American
Express Company, New York.
Hon JAMES NOXON, Syracuse, N. Y.
0. 11. PALMER, Treasurer Western Union Tele
graph Company, New Y'ork.
FLETCHER WESTRAY, of Westray, Gibbs A
Hardcastle, New York.
NICHOLAS MICKLES, New Y'ork.
O F FIC E R S.
A G. CURTIN, President.
N. MICKLES, Vice President.
GgORGE ELLIS (Cashier National Bank Com
HON. A K. McCLUKE, Philadelphia, Solicitor.
The Chinese Government having (through the
Hon. Anson Burlingame) conceded to this Com
pany the privilege of connecting the great sea
ports of the Empire by submarine eleetrjc tele
graph cable, we propose commencing operations
ia China, and laying down a line of nine hundred '
miles at once, between the following port s, viz :
! Canton - ,•••.. 1,000,000
Hong-Kong 250,000 j
Swatow 200,000 \
j Ningpo 400,000
i Hang Cheac 1.200.000
! Shanghai, .1,000,000
Total ~..,.,.5,910,000 j
These ports have a foreign commerce of $900,-
i 000,000, and an enormous domestic trade, besides
which wc have the immense internal cuuinierce of
the Empire, radiating from these points, through
its canals and navigable rivers.
The cable being laid, this company proposes
erecting land lines, and establishing a speedy and
trustworthy means of communication, which must
command there, as everywhere else, the commu
nications of the Government, of business, and of
social life especially in China. She has no postal
system, and her enly means now of commuuicating
information is by combers on land, and by steam
ers on water.
The Western World knows that China is a very
large country, in the main densely peopled ; but
few yet realize that she contains more than a third
of the human race. The latest returns .made to
her central authorities for taxing purposes by the
local magistrate make her population Pour hun
dred and Fourteen millions, and this is more
likely to be under than over the actual aggregate.
Nearly all of these, who are over ten years old,
not only can but do read and write _ Her civili
zation is peculiar, but her literature is as exten
sive as that of F.urepe. China is a land of teach
ers and traders: and the latter are exceedingly
quick to avail themselves of every proffered facili
ty for procuring early information. It is observed
in California that the Chinese make great use of
the telegraph, though it there transmits messages
in English alone. To-day great numbers of fleet
3teainfcrs are owned by Chinese merchants, and
used by them exclusively for the transmission of
early intelligence. If tho telegraph we propose
evi-peeting all their great seaports, were now in
exigence, it is believed that its business would
pav the cost within the first two years of its suc
cessful operation, and would steadily increase
thereafter , ~
No enterprise commends itself as in a greater
degree renuinerative to capitalists, and to our
whole people It is of vast national importance
commercially, politically and evangelically.
Lv>-Thc stock of this Company has been un
qualifiedly recommended to capitalists and busi
ness men. as a desirable investment by euitorial
articles in the New Y'ork Herald, Tribune,
\Wrld Tin"' Post, Express, Independent, and
in the Phil4 ik- v '"tA American, Press,
, . Philadelphia -.. , n(1 Telegraph.
% er i , Age, Bu little* ' robr,
uareJ °' this company, to a limited „.
may be obtained M SSO each, $lO payable down,
sls on the Ist of November, and $25 payable in
monthly instalments of $2.50 each, commencing
December 1, 1868, on application to
JJREXEL & CO.,
34 South Third Street,
Shares can be obtained in Bedford by applica
tion to Reed A Schell, Bankers, who are author
ized to receive subscriptions, and can give all ne
cessary information on the subject. ' sept2syl
yy/"E combine style with neatness of fit.
Ami moderate prices with tk* best worl-manshtp,
JONES' ONE PRICE CLOTHING HOUSE
001 MARKET STREET,
GEO. IP. NIEMANN. PHILADELPHIA.
[sepll, 88, yl J
jyr p. HPIDEL,
HOUSE PAINTER AND PAPER HANGER,
All Kinds of Painting, Graining, Paper hang
ing, Ac., done at the shortest notice.
T)ItI NTERS' INK has made many a
J_ business man rich We ask .">'l to try it in
the ■■■luiiins of Tit OASRTI
TIIE Local circulation of the BED
FORD GAZETTE is larger than that of any other
paper in this section ol oountry, and therefore of
ersthe greatest inducements to business men to
fdvertiae in its columns
HAVE H*ARl> Or
HOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS,
HOOFLAN ITS GERMAN TONIC.
Prepared by Dr. C. 11. Jackson, Philadelphia.
Their introduction into this country from Ger
many occurred in
THEY CURED YOUR
FATHERS AND MOTHERS,
And will cure you and your children. They are
entirely different from-w -w-thamany preparations
now in the country cal I—l led Bitters or Tonics.
They are no tavern A-"-preparation, or any
thing like one ; but good, honest, reliable medi
cines. They are
The greatest known remedies for
Diseases of the Kidneys,
ERUPTIONS OS THE SKIN,
and all Diseases arising from a Disordered Liver,
IMPURITY OF THE BLOOD.
Constipation, Flatulence, lawap.l Piles. Fullnes
of Blood to the Head, Acidity of the Stomach,
Nausea, Heartburn, Disgust for Food, Full
ness or Weight in the Stomach, Sour Eruc
tations, Sinking or Fluttering at the
Pit of the Stomach. Swimming of the
Head, Hurried or Difficult Breathing,
Fluttering at the v Heart, Choking or
Suffocating Sensa I 1 tions when in a Lvlng
Posture, Dimness of V s Vision. Dots or VV'eos
before the sight. Dull Pain in the Head. Defi
ciency ot Perspiration, Yellowness of the Skin
and Eyes, Pain in the Side, Back, Chest,
Litubs, etc., Sudden Flushes of Heat,
Burning in the Flesh, Constant Imagi
nings of Evil and Great Depression of Spirits.
AH these indicate diseases of the Liver or Di
gestive Organs, combined with i mpure, blood.
HOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS
is entirely vegetable and contains no liquor. It
is a compound of Fluid Extracts. The Roots,
Herbs, and Barks from which these extracts are
made, are gathered in Uermany. All the medi
cinal virtuous are ex y—. traded from them by
a scientific Chemist. ft These extracts are
then forwarded to this country to be used ex
pressly ftr the [cs.nutaeture of these Bitters,
There is no alcoholic eubstanee of any kind used
in compounding the Bitters, benee it is the only
Bitters that can be used in ecses where alcoholic
stimulants are not advisable.
HOOFLAND'S GERMAN TONIC
is a combination of all the ingredients qf the Bit
ters, with pf-RK Santa Cruz Rum.Orange, ete. It
is used for the same diseases as the Bitters, in case
where some pure alcoholic fdimulus is required.
You will bear in mind that those remedies areen
tirely different from any others advertised for the
cure of the diseases named, these being scientific
preparations of medicinal extracts, while the oth
ers are mere decoctions of rum in some form The
TONIC is decidedly one of the most pleasant and
agreeable remedies ever offered to the public. Its
taste is exquisite. It is a pleasure to take it, whila
its life-giving, exhilarating and medicinal quali
ties have caused it to be known as the greatest oi
There is no medicine equal to Iloofland's }* et '
man Bitters or Tonic * in cases of Debility.
They impart a tone aq and vigor to the whole
system, strengthen A the appetite, cause an
enjoyment of the food, enable the stomach to di
gest it, purify the blood, give a good, sound,
healthy complexion, eradicate the yellow tinge
from the eye. impart a bloom to the cheeks, and i
change the patient from a short-breathed, ernaci
ated, weak, and nc£i~ons invalid, to a full-faced,
stout, and vigorous peticn.
Weak and Delicate Children are
made strong bv using the Bitters or Tor c. In
fact, they are Family Medicines. They can be
administered with perfect safety to a child three
months old, the most delicate female, or a man of
Tft-rse remedies are the best
ever known and will cure all diseases resulting
from bad blood. Keep yjur blood pure; keep
your Liver in order, keep your digestive
organs in a sound, I healthy condilion, by
the use of these remc -LJ dies, and no diseases
will ever assail you. The best men in the country
recommend them. If years of honest reputation
go for anything, you must try these preparations.
FROM HON. GEO. W. WOODWARD,
"bief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylva
"-"T.ABBLI'HIA, March 18, 1867.
'termau Bitters" is not
r C . . r, 1 * "ood tonic, qse-
I find that "Hoofland ... nd of
an intoxicating beverage, but is <
lul in disorders of the digestive organs,
great benefit in cases of debility and want of ner
vous action in the system.
GEO. W. WOODWARD.
FROM IION JAMES TAOMPSON.
Judge of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania.
PHILADELPHIA, April 28, 1866
I consider "Hoofland ; s German Bitters" H valua
ble medicine in case . 0 f attacks of Indiges
tion or Dyspepsia. _ I A can certify this from
my experience of it. XJL. Yours, with respect,
FROM REV. JOSEPH II KENNARD, D. D.,
Pastor of the Tenth Baptist Church, Philadelphia.
DR. JACKSOX—DEAR SIR I have been fre
quently requested to connect my name with rec
ommendations of different kinds of medicines, but
regarding the practice as out of my appropriate
sphere, I have in all cases declined ; but with a
clear proof in various instances, and particularly
in my own family, of the usefulness of Dr. Hoof
land I German Bitters, I depart for once from
my usual course, to express my full conviction
that for general debility of the system, and es
pecially for Liver Com -y plaint, it is a safe "
and valuable prepara [V tion. In some cases
it may fail ; bnt usual X s iy ; J doubt not, it
will he very beneficial to those who suffer from the
aboye causes. Yours, very respectfully,
J 11 KENNARD.
Eigth, below CoatesStroet.
Hoofland's German Remedies are counterfeited.
The Genuine have the signature of C. M. JACK
SON on the front of the outside wrapper of each
bottle, and the name of the article blown in each
bottle. All others are counterfeit.
Price of the Bitters, $1 per bottle;
Or, a half dozen for $5.
Price of the Tonic, J>l 50 per bottle;
Or, a half dozen for $7 50.
The tonic is put up in quart bottles.
Recollect that it is Br. Hoofland's German
Remedies that are so universally used and so
highly recommended ;T-V and do not allow the
Druggist to induce I lyou to take anything
else that he may say-L-'is just as good, be
cause he makes a larger profit on it These Reme
dies will be sent by express to any locality upon
application to the
At the German Medicine Store.
No. 831 ARCH STREET, Philadelphia.
CHAS. M. EVANS,
Formerly C. M. JACKSON A Co.
These Remedies are for sale by Druggists, Store
keepers and Medicine Dealers everywhere.
Do not forget to examine the articlr\you buy
tn order to get the genuine.
BEDFORD, PA„ FRIDAY MORNING, JONE 18, 1869.
REPORT OF TUB JOMJIOS !
si iiooi.s of REoroßi' rots.
I shall confine myself the i
suggestions from the State Superinten
dent, as published in the June number
of the Journal, in making this report,
and shall first speak of Educational
Progress in the county, duriug the
past year. We have repeatedly asked
for more new houses, better furniture,
more school apparatus, more graded
schools, higher wages, and more com
petent teachers; but above all we have
hoped for better, more thorough, local
supervision. During the year we have
realized all that could be expected,
in regard to change in houses,
furniture and apparatus. No change
has bef n made in the number of our
graded schools. Those graded, have
given general satisfaction. A* soon as
the buildings, now in progress of erec
tion in several parts of the county, !
shall be completed, we shall be able to j
report, at least an increase in the num
ber of graded schools.
2. House# and Grounds.
In 18G7, we built four new houses ;
in 1868, twelve ; this year, twenty new
houses were erected, one tenth of the
whole number in thecounty. Of these,
two were built in Bedford township,
at a cost of SIBO7 ; three in Cumberland
Valley, at a cost of $1380; one in Hope
well, $350; one in Juniata, $100; two
in Monroe, $780; two in Napier, sKf>B;
one in West Providence, $377 ; one in
Saxton borough, $1000; one in St.
Clair, $350; two in Southampton, $676 ;
two in Union, cost not ascertained;
two in Middle Woodbury at a cost of
They are all substantial and comfor
table buildings. With two exceptions
they occupy good sites and have suita
ble play grounds.
The one built in Saxton is the best of j
the kind in the county. It is a frame j
building, 42 ft. 3 in. long, 26 feet, 6 in. j
wide, and 16 feet 8 in. from floor to ceil- j
ing, It contains two anti-rooms for j
extra clothing, and the whole building j
can be thoroughly ventilated. The site j
is a beautiful ono, and when the \
grounds are properly enclosed and im
proved, a work the directors intend do
; ing duriug the coming year, they
will be second to none hi thecoun- j
ty. Our people are beginning to give :
more attention to school grounds.— j
Convenience of access, beauty of loca- |
tion, and suitable play grounds are no
' longer overlooked, when a new school
I house is to be built. As fast as "these
j monuments to the carelessness or in-
I competency of those who placed them
\ on bleak hill tops, or steep mountain
| sides, in rugged ravines or swampy
flats," rot away others, more favorably
j located, take their places. The direc
tors of Sehellsburg borough, have, at
] length, secured a good site, and are e
j rectinga fine brick building, for their
schools. For the last three years no
public school was taught here. Pri
vate schools were, however, liberally
3. Furniture and Apparatus.
Twenty five houses were supplied
i with new and improved furniture.
Ten were supplied with apparatus.
Although thedirectors have,during the
past three years, manifested great wil
lingness to furnish apparatus, and have
in many parts of the county supplied
all that the means of t he districts would
warrant, yet there is room, need, for
more. We want better black boards
in many of the schools. Charts and
outline maps are needed in others.
It is true, teachers do not always use
the apparatus at their command—some
men would not cut wood, though you
placed an ax in their hands—yet most
of our teachers are ready and willing
to use apparatus to some good purpose
if it is supplied them. The teacher
who, about the middle of his last term,
had not brought the outline maps from
a near neighbor's house to a school
room, and who had "no time" to go
and procure crayon, although he had a
a large ckfss in Geography and Arith
'"'Vis not be-long to this latter
™ etic ' ~ f Teocher
fi. Qualifications and Safari*,*
Two hundred and three teac..
were employed, one hundred an<l for
ty males, and sixty three females.—
Some change has been made in theor
ems qualification. Last year the av
erage grade of certificates was 2.2!).
This year is was 2.27. If we were
guided by these figures alone we should
say there was no change. But when
we look at the improvement in the
methods of instruction ; at the zeal
manifested in their work; at the in
creased number of educational books
and papers read ; at the attendance at
onr county and district institutions;
at the increased amount of general in
formation our teachers haveacquired,
we must conclude that they, to-day,
stand higher in their profession than
they did one year ago. The dead
ones, are nearer their graves, the live
ones are more alive. Wages are about
what they were one year ago, nor was
it reasonable to expect a change when
we recollect that last year wages were
increased in almost every district over
that of the preceding year. See re
port of ISGB.
In not a few instances, however,
where teachers showed the true spirit,
have their wages been advanced. Ta
king all things into consideration, the
age, expe ienee and qualification of the
teachers; the sparseness of our popula
tion and sterility of soil in many sec
tions of the county, and the consequent
high rate of taxation, necessary to
keep open the schools for a mini
mum term even, wages have been as
high as could be asked.
A few teachers did not reeeive suffi
cient compensation, some received too
much. Our most expensive teachers
are those who received ths smallest
Seven seems to bo a fatal lumber a
mong the teachers of our county.—
Each year, for the three past, that
number have proved "total failures,"
Out of the whole number employed,
one hundred and forty had attended a
County Normal School; twelve a State
Normal, and one hundred and ninety
five had studied some educational
work. Of this number, however, we
found upon examination, that many
studied to little purpose. Fifty one
had never taught; eighty seven had
taught less than one year and sixty
nine had taught more than five years.
5. Work (lone by the Superintendent.
Examinations. —Twerity-four public
and four private examinations were
held. One hundred and ninety eight
provisional and five professional certif
icates were issued. Twenty two ap
plicants were rejected and six certifi
cates were renewed. Eighty four di
rectors and ono hundred and thirty
four citizens were present at the ex
aminations. The applicants in Mon
roe and South Woodbury passed the
most creditable exainiaation.
Visitations. —Two hundred and twen
ty two visits to schools were made.-
AU were visited, except eight. These
were not open when the other schools
in the vicinity were visited, lie nee
they were not reached. The visits
averaged 1.84. hours. Thirty-four di
rectors accompanied me. I met ninety
nine patrons in the schools. In nine of
the districts I had neither patron nor
director to visit with me, and in a few
only, were the schools visited by di
rectors as the law requires. Nine
Secretaries acted as district Superin
tendents, with very satisfactory results
in every instance.
Educational Meetings. I held twen
ty-five educational meetings, attended
five district, and three county institutes
j and taught ten weeks in the county
i normal school.
Work done by other Agencies. —Our
private scfyoois are still doing good
work. Thirty-eight were open during
the year, employing forty-two teach
ers. Twelve hundred and nineteen
children attended these schools, paying
The County Normal School, employ
ing five teachers was again liberally
supported. One hundred and thirty
one students attended, ninety six of
whom taught during the winter. This :
school was first opened in August, 1863. j
Then, many of our best teachers had j
already gone into the army, or had i
engaged in some other more lucrative
occupation. After a vigorous effort on
the part of the superintendent, then
in office, eighty-four students were ob
tained, sixty three of whom taught
during winter of 1803-4. Si!%:e that
time the school has been steadily in
creasing, numbering at no time less
than one hundred and thirty students.
It has had, and still has its enemies,
among those who, through ignorauce,
believe that the"county superintendent
is making a fortune out of it." To
such it may be well to state that the
income from the normal during the
last year was—after deducting tuition,
not collectable, $723, and the expenses,
salary for teachers, advertising, i-c.,
$750, leaving $33 to be paid out of the
superintendent's pocket. This is a
bout what the school pays the superin
tendent annually. The only object in
! view when the County Normal School
1 was begun, and the only one now in
| view, was to bring out the young men
; and women of the county, who were
I willing to qualify themselves to teach.
! We wanted teachers. Teachers quali
fied for the work. The Normal has in a
| measure supplied that want. But for
| it, many schools must nave remained
! closed. We cannot, here, help thanking
the friends of education all over the
county, who have always aided us in
keeping this school open; who have
aided us in getting out young men and
women from our public schools to the
Normal, and who have encouraged us
in every way.
j Institute*.— Chief among the other
; educational agencies in the county are
; the district anil county institutes. Of
; the former we have six, attended by
fifty-eight teachers ; all of these, except
one, did good work. The great want
felt in all of them was the presence of
some experienced conductor. One
leading spirit in each district, compe
*■ *o carry an institute through ail
s what we need; one
ten i. -'mti&u;, the less
its struggles, .
who will teach the ,>.
The county institute was, in number
of teachers attending and in general
interest, more successful than the one
held last year. The principal instruc
tors and lecturers, were, J'rof. 11. B.
Zimmerman, Ex-Supt. of Juniata Co.,
Prof. R. A. McClure, of Chambers
burg, Prof. A. Stevens, of Pittsburg,
Prof. J. M. Reynolds, of Lancaster,
Donald St. Geo. Eraser, of North Point,
The whole work done by the conven
tion was of a practical character.
The Press.— The papers of the county,
the Bedford Inquirer, Bedford Gazette
and Bedford County .Press, have taken
more interest in educational matters
than heretofore, publishing editorial
notices of the Normal School, full ac
counts of the proceedings of the Teach
er's Institute, annual report of the co.
superintendent, and other matters re
lating to education.
The Clergy.—Two years ago we had a
sermon on education from the Presby
terian pulpit, Bedford, Pa. Since then
the Clergy have remaiued silent on tho
subject. Why this is, Ido not know.
It is a fact that we cannot deny, that
our ministers seldom, if ever, visit our
schools. In vain we cast our eyes
down the list of "visitors," in the teach
er's report book, for the name of tho
clergyman residing in the district. It
is not there. Have the teachers neg
lected to note the visit? Surely the
clergy, above all others, should have
the highest interest in the success of
our public schools. These boys and
girls will soon grow up to be men ar,d
women. They are to bo the futi r;
"stay and support" of the church.
Would it not be well, then, for our
Ministers to call on the teacher, to en- j
courage the scholar? There is too j
much of this "standing back" on the j
part of those, who, if they would but
come forward, could be of.powerful aid
in this work.
Schools. —Of the whole number open,
j twelve are graded; one hundred and
| seventy nine were well classified; in
one hundred and eighty one the books
were uniform, and the Bible was daily
read, either by the teacher or by the
scholars and teacher, in one hundred
arid fifty nine. There are still twenty
two schools in which the books are not
uniform. The directors of these have
decided upon a uniform series of books,
but their exclusive use has never been
enforced. Every teacher knows how
the usefulness of the school is impaired
by this ruinous policy. It might be
sound policy to withhold the state aid
from such schools until the directors
thereof comply with the law in this
particular. The law is plain, and the
wisdom in it so manifest that no intel
ligent board should hesitate one mo
ment in fulfilling it to the letter.
Obstacles in the way of Improvement.
Few new obstacles have presented
themselves, during the year. Those
most in the way, and the means calcu
lated to promote improvement, I re
ferred to at some length in my last re
port, to which the reader may turn.
"We must have more efficient local
supervision," is the cry we hear every
where. But how is this to be brought
about. In my judgment there is but
one way; elect three men for each dis
trict—the best men in the district. Let
these form a board, president, secreta
ry and treasurer; select from among
these the one possessing the most
knowledge of schools, as district super
intendent, whose duty it shall be to
visit the schools regularly, at least once
a month. Pay the board for every day
actually engaged in transacting the
business of the district. Make them
sworn officers. This subject has been
agitated again and again in our con
ventions, and it sceius about time that
we have some legislation on it.
If directors, as they are now elected,
would carry out the laws strictly, and
if parents would look to the interest of
their children, supply them with prop
er books, see that they make good use
of them, send them regularly to school,
uphold the teacher, encourage hint by
their visits and kind words, most of the
obstacles in the way of improvement
would disappear; but this is rarely
done, directors are not paid for their
services and they frequently do the
least possible amount of work. Not
receiving any pay themselves, they of
ten feel illiberal when teachers are to
be employed; not receiving any pay,
when the superintendent calls on them
to visit schools with him, he often
hears the excuse, "it won't pay me to
ride through the storm."
I am more than ever convinced, that
many teachers fail because the schools
are not visited oftener by some effi
cient officers. The superintendent can
at most, in a county like this, visit all
tho schools, only once, in a term of four
months. Many schools must, therefoie,
remain unvisited until the third month.
The teacher makes mistake after mis
take, until the time arrives when the
superintendent reaches the school. He
finds it a failure, which might have
been prevented had the school been
visited in the first month.
Concluding Remar':s.—l take this op
portunity of thanking my many
friends, throughout the county for
their many kindnesses toward me
during the past three years. To the
Department, I am sensibly indebted
for the many words of advice, and the
promptness with which they have al
ways answered when called upon. I
tnank each and all and wish them
H. \V. FISHER.
THE ISOTS : WHAT l!s TO I$E DOVE
WITH Tl£ EM ?
"What shall I do with my boy?" is
one of the most frequent inquiries
made by parents nowadays, and a most
important inquiry it is; for it cannot
be denied that never before have boys
had such trivial opportunities of mak
ing useful men of themselves. NN e
I mean by this, says the Philadelphia
fjerald, that the abolishing of
system, has been
"-ostiously upon the
" -*dess some
he old ap 4 - de
>perating most u^.
•ising generation, and u..
thing is done to remedy existing
fects, it is very apparent that the next
generation will boast of fewer really
skilled American workmen than will
be consistent with our great industrial
interests. The subject is one of vital
interest not merely to the boys them
selves, but to the country at large; and
it demands the careful and serious con
sideration of every well-wisher of A
merican industry. The professions are
over-crowded while merchants are be
sieged by hosts of boys who have been
taught to believe that the calling of a
mechanic is not a respectable one, and
that, on the other hand, the very acme
of respectability is attained when they
succeed in obtaining situations as er
rand boys, or prospective salesmen or
clerks. Now, this demands a remedy.
What this remedy is, or how it is to
be secured, we are not prepared to say ;
but it is very evident that one of the
very first steps towards securing it is
to impress boys with the idea that there
is a great furure for skilled mechanics
in the United States—not merely
steady, plodding workmen, but men
who have intelligent heads to direct
skillful hands. Every day we are more
and more sensibly confronted with tl.e
fact that of the number of competent
mechanics now employed in our work
shops and factories, comparatively few
are of American birth and education,
at least much fewer of them than should
be the case. Now, this should not be.
The dignity of American labor should
be rapidly and imperatively mantained;
VOL. 64.—WHOLE No. 5.4U5.
and the only way to maintain it is to so
educate the rising generation of me
chanics, that, in all branches of skilled
labor, they will not only be able to com
pete with but excel all competitors, and
hold in their own hands the reputation
of American mechanics, which was so
well and fully established years ago,
but which, for the reasons we have
named, is likely to suffer heavy detri
HOPE AND FARM.
Cultivation of Pole Beans. —Every year
some parties are greatly exercised about
the supply of bean poles. Thecultiva
ticn of Lima or Carolina, or Butter
beans, or any other of the climbing va
rieties has been regarded as inseparable
from a supply of suitable poles, and by
good, or bad management, many of
these disappear between the closeof the
Autumn and theopeningof the Spring,
when they are again called into requi
sition, and then there is sometimes
trouble to get a fresh supply. A wri
ter in the Horticulturist, gives his expe
rience on the subject, tells how at the
time of his bean planting, he had no
poles and for some cause or other failed
to procure a supply, and then bethought
him that probably the laying of a
small quantity of apple brush in the
neighborhood of the hills might afford
the vines a support, and he spread his
apple brush over the ground according
ly, and found the plan worked so well,
that hfe follows it from preference. It ap
pears, that the plants have an advan
tage from the shade given by the vine
in trailing over the brush, because the
ground is kept moist and at an even
temperature, and moreover there is the
obvious advantage of protection from
high winds, which often play havoc
with the tall poles in the beau patch.
The experiment is worth trying. We
believe it will be found to be all that is
represented. We know, that vears ago
a practical gardener told us, that he
had long since abandoned the use of
bean poles in raising Limas, that he
planted them in hills and pinched the
ends of the vines. His representation
was that the yield was greatly increas
ed, and the cultivation more conveni,-
J ent.— Jour, of the Farm.
Caught are Curative. —lt is nature's
cure, and to smother cough without re
moving what causes it, is to hinder na
ture, and take away ail chance of
cure. When a man clearly has the
consumption, coughs a great deal, has
been bringing up yellow matter for a
long time, if his cough should subside,
he will inevitably die in three or four
days; because the cough helps to bring
that matter out of the lungs, and keep
them clear ; but when the cough be
comes so weak or so unfrequent as not
to remove the matter as fast as it is
formed, the lungs begin to fill up with
it, air cannot get in, and life ends. —
The only hope of curing consumption
is to promote cough on the one hand,
so as to get the lungs clear of the matter
in them to prevent the formation of
more. Hut the popular sentiment is,
that in proportion as there is less
cough, the chances of life are increas
ing, and willingly and hopefully the
patient takes what "cures his cough,"
and is thus led a willing victim to the
grave of his own digging. So ranch
are men, with all their boasted intel
ligence, like the silly creature which
feels itself safe when it can hide its
head in a hole, to be crushed the next
instant in the jaws of its relentless pur
suer.— Hall's Journal of Health.
The Effect of Charcoal on Plotters.—
A horticulturist in England, purchas
ed a rose bush full of promising buds
—the flowers however were of a failed
hue. lie covered the earth in the pot
about an inch thick with pulverized
charcoal, and was surprised, some days
afterward, to find the blooms of a
fine lively rose color. He repeat
ed the experiment another season with
the same result. He then tried the
powdered charcoal upon petunias, and
found that both the white and colored
flowers, and the white petunias became
veined with violet tints; the vioiets
became covered with irregular spots of
a blush or almost black tint. Many
persons who admired them thought
! they were choice new varieties from
the seed. Yellow flowers appear to lie
! insensible to the influence of charcoal.
1 A fashion paper in Paris, edited by
1 ladies, says that American ladies are
1 no longer the favorites of good society
? that they used to be. Too many ill-bred
" American women have repently made
" their appearance there, and, by theip
—■Mnent and indiscreet conduct,
-at deal of hafin to thtj
-n try women.
have done a g..
whole class of their cou.
It is said the juice of a lemon a day,
taken in water, will cure the most ob
stinate case of neuralgia. No sugar
should be taken, as it has a tendency
to counteract the effect of the lemon
Adam Franklin, a negro, was hnng
on the 28th., at Appomattox Court
house, Ya., for murdering Haxall
Johnson, another negro, in ordertoen
joy uninterrupted intereourse with his
There have been 1,500 accessions to
the Ortho<iox Friends' Society, in this
country during the past year. The to
tal membership including branches in
Canada and Great Britain, is 82,000.
The Cinncinnatians are proud of a
baby who tumbled out of a three-story
window upon a stone pavement and
was picked up unhurt. It was a col
ored baby, and struck on its skull.
Turkey is going ahead. She has just
contracted for the construction of a
railroad through her dominions 1,000
miles long, connecting the Black Sea
with the Adriatic.
A bout containing nine men was car
ried over a waterfall, near Lewiston
Me., Tuesday, and three of the party