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TERMS OP PUBLICATION.
THE BEDFORD GAZETTE is published every Fri
dsy morning by METERS & MS*GEL, at $2.00 per
annum, if paid strictly in advance ; $2.50 if paid
within six month."; $3 00 if not paid within six
months. All subscription accounts MUST be
settled annually. No paper will be sent out of
the State unless paid for ix ADVANCE, and all such
subscriptions will invariably be discontinued at
the expiration of the time for which they are
All ADVERTISEMENTS for a less term than
three months TEN CENTS per line for each In
sertion. Special notices one-half additional All
resolutions of Associations; communications of
limited or individual interest, and notices of mar
riages and deaths exceeding five lines, ten cents
per line. Editorial notices fifteen cents per line.
All legal Notices of every kind, and Orphans'
Court and Judicial Sales, are required by law
to be published in both papers published in this
LiT All advertising due after first insertion.
A liberal discount is made to persons advertising
by the quarter, half year, or year, as follows :
3 months, 6 months. 1 year.
♦One square - - - $4 50 $6 00 $lO 00
Two squares - 600 900 16 00
Three squares - - - 8 00 12 00 20 00
Quarter column • - 14 00 20 00 35 00
llalf column - - - 18 00 25 00 45 00
One column - - - - 30 00 45 00 80 00
♦One square to occupy one inch of space
JOB PRINTING, of every kind, done with
neatness and dispatch. THE GAZETTE OFFICE has
just been refitted with a Power Press and new type,
and everything in the Printing line can be execu
ted in the most artistic manner and at the .lowest
rates. — TERMS CASH.
ur All letters should be addressd to
MEYERS Sl MENGEL,
3Utorneits at £au\
S. L. RUSSELL. J- H. LONGENECKKR.
T> ÜBSELL & LON <J EN ECK E It,
|\, ATTORNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW,
Will attend promptly and faithfully to all busi
ness entrusted to their care. Special attention
given to collections and the prosecution of claims
for Back Pay, Bounty, Pensions, Ac
OFFICE, on Juliana Street, south of the Court
J. MCD. SHARPE. E. F. KERR.
SIIARPE & KEItR, ATTORNEYS
AT LAW. BEDFORD. PA., will practice in
the courts of Bedford and adjoining counties Of
fice on Juliana st., opposite the Banking House of
Reed A Sehell. _ (March 2, '66.
J. R. OUR BORROW. | JOHN LUTZ.
Dl r RJ}()R RO W & LUTZ,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, BEDFORD, PA ,
Will attend promptly to all business intrusted to
their care. Collections made on the shortest no
They are, also, regularly licensed Claim Agents
and will give special attention to the prosecution
of claims against the Government for Pensions,
Back Pay, Bounty, Bounty Lauds, Ac.
Office on Juliuiia street, one door South of the
"Mengel House," and nearly opposite the Inquirer
JOHNP.REED, ATTORNEY AT
fI LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Respectfully tenders
his services to the public.
Office second door North of the Mengel House.
Bedford, Aug, 1, 1861.
I7SPY M. ALSIP, ATTORNEY AT
LAW, BEDFORD, PA. Will faithfully and
promptly attend to all business entrusted to his
care in Bedford and adjoining counties. Military
•laims, hack pay, bounty, Ac., speedily collected.
Office with Mann A Spang, on Juliana street,
t vo doors South of the Mengel House.
Jan. 22, 1864, _____
F. M. KIMMF.LL. | J. w. LINGENFP.LTER.
\r IM M ELL & LING EN FELTER,
IV ATTORNEYS AT LAW. BEDFORD. PA.,
Have formed a partnership in the practice of
the Law. Office on Juliana street, two doorsSouth
ofthe •'.Mengel House,"
/S 11. SPANG, ATTORNEY AT
VJT. LAW BEDFORD. PA. Will promptly at
tend to collections and all business entrusted to
his care in Bedford and adjoining counties.
Office on Juliana Street, three doors south of the
"Mengel House," opposite the residence of Mrs.
May 13, 1864.
B. F. METERS. | J W. DICKERSON.
MEYERS a- DICKERSON, AT
TORNEYS AT LAW, Bedford, Pa., office
same as formerly occupied by Hon. S. L. Russell,
a few doors south ot the Court House, will practice
in the several courts of Bedford county. Pensions,
bounty and back pay obtained and the purchase
and sale of real estate attended to. |uiayll,'66.
HAYS IRVINE, ATTORNEY AT
LAW, Bloody Run, Pa. Office in Harris'
New Building. inarl3'6S
BJ. WILLIAMS & SONS,
m No. 16 North Sixth Street, Philadelphia
LARGEST MANUFACTURERS OF
AT THE LOWEST
Blinds Repaired. Store Shades, Trimmings,
Fixtures. Plain Shades ot all kinds. Curtain Cor
nices. Picture Tassels, Cord Bell Pulls, Ac.
lAURNITURE AND CABINET
OLD ST AIIL WORK-SHOP,
has re-opened the Furniture and Cabinet business
in that part of town, and is prepared to furnish
ALL KINDS OF FURNITURE, at remarkably
cheap rates. Call und examine his work before
purchasing elsewhere. Satisfaction guaranteed.
Special attention paid to the manufacture and
furnishing of coffins. Terms reasonable,
mayl m 3
DR. H. FRAESSLEY, PHYSICIAN
FOR THE TREATMENT OF CHRONIC
DISEASES, and formerly attending Physician in
■ one of the most celebrated ht spitals in the world
for Chronic Diseases, will make his tirst visit
through this county, for the treatment of chronic
diseases, and may be consulted at the following
places and times, FREE OF CHARGE.
If the Doctor cannot tell and explain the na
ture of a thscicoe of a Patient after a thorough
examination, without mahng many questions,
he considers himsrif not ahlc to treat the case.
He submits himself to be judged from that
standpoint, if the patient is not satisfied it will
not cost him anything.
Saxton, Saturday, May 16.
Woodbury, Monday, May IS.
Pattonville, Tuesday, May 19.
Enterprise. Wednesday, May 20.
St. Clairsville, Thursday, May 21.
Lewisville, Friday, May 22.
Marietta. Saturday, May 23.
Pleasantville, Monday, May 2a.
New Paris, Tuesday, May 26.
Schellsburg, Wednesday, May 27.
Buena Vista, Thursday, May 28.
Dry Ridge, Friday, May 29.
Roekville. Saturday, May 30.
Bridgeport. Monday, June 1.
Pala Alto, Tuesday, June 2.
Centreville, Wednesday, June 3.
Rainsburg, Thursday, June 4.
Charlesville, Friday, June 5.
Springville, Saturday, June 6.
Clearviilc, Monday, June 8.
Cheneysville, Tuesday, Jnne 9.
Elbinsville, Wednesday, June 10.
Robisonville, Thursday. June 11.
Brush Creek, Friday, June 12.
Rnyshill, Saturday, June 13.
Bloody Run, Monday, June la.
Yellow Creek, Tuesday, June 16
Hopewell, Wednesday. June 17.
Riddiesburg, Thursday, June 18.
Fairplay, Friday. June 19.
Bedford, (Mengel House) Saturday, June 20.
Herman Physician, having practiced Medicine
nearly twenty years in Europe and this country.
Call at your principal post-office and get one of
Dr. Fraessley's circulars.
WATERSIDE WOOLEN FAC
TORY !—30,000 LBS. WOOL WANTED !
The undersigned having leased the Large New
Woolen Factory, erected recently at Waterside,
for a number of years, respectfully informs the old
customers of the Factory and the public generally,
that they will need at least the above amount of
wool. They have on hand a large lot of Cloths,
Casmicres, Tweeds, Sattinetts, Jeans, Blankets,
Coverlets, Flannel, Ac., which they will exchange
t .r woo!, as has been the custom heretofore. Carpets
will be inadu to order, at all times. Stocking
yarn of all kinds always on hand. Our Peddler,
W H. Ralston, will cll on all the old customers,
and the public generally, in due time, for the pur
pose of exchanging goods for wool. The highest
market price will be paid for wool in cash.
N. B. Wool carding spinning and country Full
ing will be done in the best manner and at short
notice JOHN I. NOBLE A BRO ,
inay22m3 Waterside, Pa.
BY MEYERS & MENGEL.
HAVE HEARD OF
IIOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS,
IIOOFLAND'S GERMAN TONIC.
Prepared by Dr. C. M. Jackson, Philadelphia.
Their introduction into this country trow Ger
many occurred in
THEY CURED YOUR
FATHERS AWD MOTHERS,
And will cure you and your children. They are
entirely different froin-y w-the many preparations
now in the country cal I—l led Bitters or Tonics.
They are no tavern-"-"-preparation, or any
thin# like one ; but good, honest, reliable medi
cine." They are
The greatest known remedies for
Diseases of the Kidneys,
ERUPTIONS OF THE SKIN,
and all Diseases arising from a Disordered Liver,
IMPURITY OF THE BLOOD.
Constipation, Flatulence, Inward Piles. Fullnes
of Blood to the Head, Acidity of the Stomach,
Nausea, Heartburn, Disgust for Food, Full
ness or Weight in the Stomach, Sour Eruc
tations, Sinking or Fluttering at the
Pit of the Stomach. Swimming of the
Head, Hurried or Difficult Breathing,
Fluttering at the ss. Heart, Choking or
Suffocating Sei.sa fl I tions when in a Lying
Posture, Dimness of N* Vision, Dots or Webs
before the sight, Dull Pain in the. Head, Defi
ciency ot Perspiration, Yellowness of the Skin
and Eyes, Pain in the Side, Back, Chest,
Limbs, etc., Sudden Flushes of Heat,
Burning in the Flesh, Constant Imagi
nings of Evil and Great Depression of Spirits.
All these indicate diseases of the Liver or Di
gestive Organs, combined with impure blood.
x IIOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS
is entirely vegetable and contains no liquor. It.
is a compound of Fluid Extracts. The Roots,
Herbs, and Barks from which these extracts are
made, are gathered in Germany. All the medi
cinal virtueus are ex ss. tracted from them by
a scientific Chemist, i ft These extracts are
then forwarded to this V-f country to be used ex
pressly for the manufacture of these Bitters.
There is no alcoholic substance of any kind used
in compounding the Bitters, hence it is the only
Bitters that can be used in cases where alcoholic
stimulants are not advisable.
IIOOFLAND'S GERMAN TONIC
is a combination of all the ingredients of the Bit
ters, with mi Santa Cruz Rum.Crange, etc. It
is used for the same diseases as the Bitters, in case
where some pure alcoholic stimulus is required.
You will bear in mind that these remedies are en
tirely different from any others advertised for the
cure of the diseases named, these being scientific
preparations of medicinal extracts, while the oth
ers are mere decoctions of rum in some form. The
TONIC is decidedly one of the most pleasant and
agreeable remedies ever offered to tbe public. Its
taste,is exquisite. It is a pleasure to take it, while
its life-giving, exhilarating, and medicinal quali
ties have caused it to be known as the greatest of
There is no medicine equal to Iloofland's Ger- I
man Bitters or Tonic in cases of Debility.
They impart a tone M and vigor to the whole
system, strengthen -L the appetite, cause an !
enjoyment of the food, enable the stomach to di- J
gest it, purify the blood, give a good, sound,
healthy complexion, eradicate the yellow tinge
from the eye, impart a bloom to the cheeks, and
change the patient from a short-breathed, emaci
ated, weak, and nervous invalid, to a full-faced, j
stout, and vigorous person.
Weak and Delicate Children are
made strong by using the Bitters or Tonic. In |
fact, they are Family Medicines. They can be
administered with perfect safety to a child three :
months old, the most delicate female, or a man of j
These remedies are the best
ever known and will cure all diseases resulting
from bad blond. Keep yjur blood pure; keep
your Liver in order; -m- ■ keep your digestive j
organs in a sound, I healthy condition, by
the use of these reine dies, and no diseases
will ever assail you. The best men in the country
recommend them. If years of honest reputation
go for anything, you must try these preparations.
FROM HON. GEO. W. WOODWARD,
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylva
PHILADELPHIA, March 16. 1867.
I find that "Iloofland's German Bitters" is not
an intoxicating beverage, but is a good tonic, use
ful in disorders of the digestive organs, and of j
great benefit in case/of debility and waut of ner
vous action in (he system.
GEO. W. WOODWARD.
FROM HON. JAMES TAOMPSON.
Judge of the Supreme Conrt of Pennsylvania.
PHILADELPHIA, April 28, 1866.
I consider "Iloofland's German Bitters" a valua
ble medicine in case . of attaeks of Indiges
tion or Dyspepsia. I \ can certify this from
my experieuce of it. X-L. Yours, with respect,
FROM REV. JOSEPH H. KENNARD, D. D.,
Pastor of the Tenth Baptist Church, Philadelphia.
Dit. JACKSON—DEAR SIR:—I have been fre
quently requested to connect uiy nauie with rec
ommendations of different kinds of medicines, but
regarding the piactice as out of my appropriate
sphere, I have in all cases declined ; but with a
clear proof in various instances, and particularly
in uiy own family, of the usefulness ot Dr. Hoof- i
land's German Bitters, I depart for once from
my usual course, to express my full conviction
that for general debility of the system, and es
pecially for Liver Com -lw-r plaint, it is a safe
and valuable preparation. In some cases
it may fail; bnt usual illy, I doubt not, it
will be very beneficial to those who suffer from the
above causes. Yours, very respectfully.
J. H. KENNARD,
Eigth, below Coates Street.
liooduud's German Remedies are counterfeited.
The Genuine have the signature of C. M. JACK
SON on the front of the outside wrapper of each
bottle, and the name of the article blown in each*
bottle. All others are counterfeit.
Price of the Bitters, *1 per bottle;
Or, a half dozen for $5.
Price of the Tonic, *1 50 per bottle;
Or, a half dozen for *7 50.
The tonic is put up in quart bottles.
Recollect that it is Dr. Hoofland's German
Remedies that are so universally used and so
highly reoommeiided ;and do not allow the
Druggist to induce I Jyou to take anything
else that he may say-L-'is just as good, be
cause he makes a larger profit on it. These Reme
dies will be sent by express to any locality upon
application to the
At the German Medicine Store.
No. 681 ARCH STREET, Philadelphia.
CHAS. M. EVANS,
Formerly C. M. JACKSON A Co.
These Remedies are for sale by Druggists, Store
keepers and Medicine Dealers everywhere.
Do not forget to ex inline the article you hoy
m order to get the genuine.
ANNUA I. REPORT OF THE SCHOOLS
OF BEDFORD COUNTY.
Educational Progress in the County.
A careful examination of the facts
given in the following report, will
show that the common schools of our
county have, in many respects, made
considerable progress during the past
year. This will be particularly noticea
ble in the number and kind of houses
built, in the care exercised in the se
lection of sites for the same; number of
schools furnished with apparatus; in
crease of salary paid to teachers; num
ber of teachers who attended county
and district institutes; better qualifica
tion of teachers and increase of interest
on the part of the public. The system
is a power that is slowly but surely
overcoming its enemies, here as well
as elsewhere. Public opinion is fast
becoming educated to the fact that on
the success of these schools depend the
strength and glory of our common
wealth. It is true that here and there
we still find a croaker who is "making
a hoarse noise" because "the light is
breaking," but the great majority of
our people are warmly attached to the
schools and are giving freely and lib
erally of their monies toward their
Little change has been made in these;
Bedford and Woodbury have added
two additional teachers, and ltainsburg
has separated her pupils into two class
es according to age and progress.
There are now four graded schools,
employing thirteen teachers. Several
other districts are preparing to grade
one or more of their schools during the
coming year. Each year more fully
shows the advantages these schools af
ford their pupils, and we would again
urge their speedy adoption at Pleas
antville, St. Clairsville, Saxton and
Homes ami Grounds.
Twelve new houses—eight more
' than last year—were built. One in
Bedford; one in Colerain; two in
Cumberland valley ; one in Harrison ;
one in Hopewell; one in Monroe; one
in St.jL'lair ; three in Southampton and
I one in Middle Woodbury. In nearly
every instance, particular attention
was paid to "location" in building the
above houses. Directors availing
themselves of the power given them
by the late supplement to the school
law, procured eligible sites with a suf
ficient amount of grounds, and had
the same properly deeded to the re
spective boards. This plain duty lias
been greatly neglected heretofore. The
; houses built in Bedford, Cumberland
j Valley, Harrison and Middle Wood
bury deserve special notice. They
have been built with a view to the fu
ture, as well as to the present wants
of the districts and are in respect to
I size and general arrangement among
the best in the county. The Woodbury
house is R model. The spirit manifes
ted by the boards of Cumberland valley
and Southampton is especially com
mendable. They built live new houses
during the past year; have sold out
live more to be erected during the
present summer, and are taking initia
tory steps toward replacing all the
"old log" with good houses. While
we speak well of these, we cannot hut
condemn the carelessness and short
sighted policy shown in building the
house in Colerain. The whole build
ing together with the furniture is a to
tal failure. Think of it, doors, planed
on the one side, rough on the other ;
benches and desks, that fall to pieces
after three week's using , and windows
fastened, so that they cannot be lower
ed. The directors should never have
taken the job oil'the builder's hands.
In Napier, Schellsburg, Monroe and
Union, arrangements have been made
to build new houses during the coming
year. We look for some model build
ings here. Thus we see that while a
few townships are still willing to con
tinue to occupy miserable log houses,
in the majority—where new houses
are needed—as may be seen by refer
ring to "statistical report," they are
making the proper effort to improve.
Furniture and Apparatus.
With new houses comes improved
furniture. Two of the rooms in the
graded schools of Bedford, together
with all the new houses, save one,
were supplied with good furniture.
That put into the second grammar
school, Bedford, is the best in the
county. One hundred and twelve
schools were supplied with Peirce's
Magnetic Globes at a cost of about
*13,00. These were purchased for
the schools of Bedford, Broad Top,
Coal dale, Londonderry, Liberty, Har
rison, Napier, Middle Woodbury,
Monroe, Southampton, St. Clair, Sax
ton, South Woodbury and West Provi
deuce. Sixty schools were supplied j
with primary charts. There are now
only six schools in the county wholly
without apparatus, and these are the
most backward schools we have. One
hundred and fifty-two have outline
Maps; one hundred and fifteen, globes, j
charts and map?, and about one hun- ,
dred and ninety have black-board sur
face. There are, however, only thir- 1
teen that are well supplied with appa- j
ratus. The directors have manifested ,
a willingness, far beyond that hereto
fore exhibited, to supply the schools
Qualifications and salaries of Teachers.
There has been a change in the aver
age qualification of teachers. In point
of scholarship, the teachers are steadily
BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAJ MORNING, JUNE 26, 1868.
improving. Lat year the average
grade of certificates was 2.52. This
year, although eighty per cent of the
applicants were examined in two addi
tional branches—United States History
| and School Economy, and, although
the examinations were fully as rigid
as those of last year, the average grade
is 2.2t). One year ago, only one
teacher in the county came up to the
requirements of vhe professional cer
tificates ; now eight are teaching, who
passed the requisite examination, and
I obtained professional certificates, and
quite a number more are preparing to
receive the honor. Wages are advanc
ing. The reports from a few town
ships will show t'jis. Last year the
average wages in Liberty were, for
Males, $29.83; Females, 820.50. This
year, average for Males, $00.60; Fe
males, SOO.OO. Bedford township, av
erage, last year, for Males, $20.80;
Females, $25.70. This year, the aver
age wages for Males, $02.50; Females,
01.00. Southampton, average wages,
for Males, last year, $24.89; Females,
24.85. This year, average for Males,
$2,700 ; Females, $29.10. Cumberland
| Valley, average wages for Males last
year, $25; Females, $21.00. This
year the average wages for Males, were
$05.00; Females, $05.25. The same
marked change might be shown in the
majority of the townships of the coun
ty. In some, the average may fall be
low that oTone or two years ago, hut
this will be owing to the fact that di
rectors adopted the wise plan in such
townships, of paying teachers accord
ing to their qualifications or grade of
certificate. The general tendency is to
pay teachers more liberally for their
Little change was made in the meth
ods of instruction; two branches
reading and penmanship—were, how
ever, more efficiently taught, than last
year, and History was taught for the
first time in thirty of our schools. Few
directors visit the schools regularly.
Several townships had district superin
tendents who discharged their duties
Out of the whole number of teachers
employed, one hundted and eighteen
had attended a Normal School, and
one hundred and fifty-six—an increase
of twenty-five over last year—had stud
ied some work on teaching. One hun
dred and thirty-six males and fifty
eight females were employed ; seven
five males and two females—having
made a mistake in their choice of oc
cupation, proved total failures and
Educational Work doneby the Superinten
Twenty-eight public and twelve
private examinations were held.—
Eighty-four directors and one hund
red and sixty-seven citizens were pres
ent at the public examinations. 1
recall with pleasure the examinations
in Harrison, Liberty, Middle Wood
bury and South Woodbury, at each
of which the citizens manifested a
lively interest in the work and await
ed with great patience the result of the
day's labors. One hundred and sixty
three provisional and eight profession
al certificates were issued at the pub
lic and thirty-two provisional certifi
cates at the private examinations.—
Eighteen applicants were rejected, and
six certificates from other counties
were by request from boards of direc
tors, endorsed. We found after the
public examinations were over that at
least thirty schools-must remain closed,
for we had adhered strictly to the pub
lished notice for examinations, viz:
"that those only need apply who are
prepared to stand an examination in
History and Methods of Instruction."
We had followed the "letter" of the
law, but found it.left us greatly in
want; hence, after receiving authority
from the "powers that be," weexamin
ed a limited number of teachers, com
ing up to the requirements of one year
ago. Still we found it necessary to
hold private examinations in different
parts of the County, as in several in
stances, the directors had "taken the
bit into their own mouths" and employ
oil teachers, not examined, with the
understanding that "if they failed
when the Supt. came 'round they
would receive no pay." Some did
fail. Thus it was that so many were
examined privately. It was a work
of necessity. "The new Supplement"
made the supply of teachers exceeding
ly short and all lawful means had to he
resorted to in order to till the schools.
Not all were tilled. We had thirty
three applicants less than last year.—
The new law is a good one and in a
year or two more we will be ready to
meet it fully. The examinations con
tinued until late in the fall, thus very
materially interfearing with the visi
red and four schools were visited at an
average length of 1.54. to each visit.
I attended several district and two
County institutes, eleven educational
meetings and visited twenty-four
schools in Philadelphia for informa
tion. No time was lost during the
term of the public Schools. The Coun
ty Institute—the first held here for
three years—was a success. Ninety
four Teachers were present at its ses
sions and all manifested considerable
interest. The Institute was held iu
November. At its close, the teachers
went to their respective fields of labor
and began organizing district insti
tutes. One year ago ten teachers at
tended a township institute ; last win
ter the number was increased to fifty
one. District institutes did good
work whenever they were opened,'
! save in Middle Woodbury. We state
facts, though we may not flatter some
of our teachers.
Educational Work done by other Agen
Thirty-three private Schools were open
during the year. Twelve ljundred
and forty pupils attended these, em
ploying forty-one teachers, at a cost of
five thousand eight hundred and
thirty-five dollars. As these schools
were, with a few exceptions, conduct
ed by our ablest teachers, they did good
work. We have few private schools
open during the term of the public
schools, hence, we do not feel that
spirit of antogonism between the two,
prevalent in some counties. All work
together in perfect harmony for the
Our County Normal School is still
liberally patronized and supplies in a
measure the growing want of a higher
institution of learning. One hundred
and forty students attended, eighty
five of whom taught during the year.
The school was under my direct super
intendence, assisted by Prof. R. A. Mc-
Clure of Chambersburg, J. M. Rey
nolds and Miss F. M. llaly of the Mil
lersville Normal School, and Miss
Maggie McCleary of Bedford. The
ltainsburg Academy, under tiie charge
of Prof. J. W. Hughes ; the school at
Woodbury, taught by J. G. Kreich
baum and W. C. Smith, and the School
at New Paris, conducted by J. A. Song
ster, all did good work in preparing
teachers. "The press is free." We
need but ask and the editors give us !
space for any educational items.
Obstacles in the way of Improvements, j
We have noticed a number of fea
tures in our schools that show advance
ment, but we have yet to look at some
of the obstacles in the way of progress.
Among these, are irregular attendance;
want of thorough classification; want
of public interest; shortness of school
term ; frequent ehange'of teachers; em
ploynientof incompetent teachers; neg
lect on the part of many boards of dir
ectors to pay teachers in proportion to
their qualification, and heavy rate of
of taxation. The remedy for the first
three evils lies almost entirely in the
hands of the teacher. Our skilful
teachers readily overcome these, and
unless the first has become chronic, the
teacher who understands how to use
the incentives at his command, will
not fail to effect a cure. We want
more efficient teachers. It has been
said that "any one may teach the high
est departments; but to teach well the
elements requires a master," and that,
"the merit of conveying easily toothers
true and simple notions, is much great
er than is commonly supposed ; for ex
perience proves how rarely this is to be
met with." We know the trutli of the
above. Look at the record in our
county and then judge from the na
ture of things how many " masters"
we have. Last year, of the whole num
ber employed, fifty-nine had had no j
experience and seventy had taught less
than one year. This year we employ-j
ployed forty-five raw recruits and sev-1
enty-two who had not seen one year's !
service. Each year about 50 per cent
of our teachers seek employment in
some other occupation. Their places
are filled by young men and women
who labor with us for a short time,j
many of them zealously, with a deter
mination to succeed, and then, when
they are prepared to teach, quit the pro
fession. Now why this constant
change? Simply because the term is
too short trnd wages not sufficient to of
fer an inducement to keep men in the
profession. The same change will go
on until we increase the length of the
school term and pay more liberally.
And while this change goes on ; while
we employ teachers who will onl£
teach until something better offers, we
need not look for that perfection of
our educational system intended by
the fathers of the same. We, there
fore, again suggest that one of the
means, calculated to promote improve-
merit, is, more aid from the state. A
more equal distribution of the school
tax of the State would greatly lessen
our burdens and aid us to increase
our term. This would check the draft
annually made on our most competent
teachers and help us to build up a
stronger profession. We again ask
the respectful attention of the legisla
ture through the school department
to a change in the number of school
Directors in each district. Experience
shows how difficult it is in our rural
districts, to have a quorum at any sta
ted meeting. The full board rarely
meets, meetings are called and busi
ness postponed again and again for
want of a sufficient number of Direc
tors present. They receive no pay and
many have little or no interest in the
work. There can be but little doubt,
that three members in each board, a
president, secretary and treasurer,
paid for their services, would do the
work much more efficiently. Still
we will work on, believing that in the
end we must succeed. We want more
earnest heart work. We believe in la
bor as a blessing and not as a curse, and
we know that sooner or later all will see
that intelligence only fits men the better
to fulfil the duties of life. Thus far too
much attention has been paid" to the
leaves of the human flower; the leaf
memory has received much care, while
upon judgment and reason growing in
the region of thought much less care has
been bestowed, and those Still more fra
grant, springing from the very heart of
of the blossom and in which are the
seeds of life, have been too often al
most wholly neglected." The heart
VOL 62.—WHOLE No. 5,449.
} needs more culture. To this the true
; teacher will ever turn his thought
and attention, remembering, that he
• is training, not for life only but for e
ternity. ' 11. W. FISHER,
i Co. Sup't.
CORKY O I.A.M S' EPISTLE.
f Tiling at Washington—Experience with
i the Investigation Committee—A Call on
the Camiiilates—Organization of the
; Crant ami Colfax Cluh.
Being in Brooklyn again, and able
I to deliver my correspondence without
; ■ mail or telegraphic assistance, I can
. write to you again.
| I was in Washington last week; But
ler had his eye upon me, and anything
I might have written to you or Mrs.
,; O'Lanus would have been seized be
fore It left Washington and incorpor
ated in the documentary evidence of
the Impeachment Investigation Com
mittee, and goodness knows what the
| consequences might have been,
Ho I didn't write.
Butler went around to all the banks
I in Washington to see how much mon
! ey I had on deposit.
He was very much disgusted at the
1 result.. So was I—though it was just
what I expected.
I hadn't money enough to buy a
New York Assemblyman, let alone a
j Senator of the United States.
But one of my telegraphic dispatch
es had been seized, which brought me
I under suspicion.
Brevity is the soul of economy in
| telegraphing, so I had condensed my
j message to the following:
To Titus O'Blique, Brooklyn :
WASHINGTON, May 20.
B. laid out, Anthony caved, P. O.
all right. C. O' L.
I was subpienaed before the Managers
to explain this nefarious dispatch,
which was clear and conclusive evi
dence of corruption as Butler read it.
"B," he said meant laid out on im
| peachment. "Anthonycaved," meant
I the Senator from Rhode Island. "P,"
I stood for Pomeroy, the "()," he
couldn't see through.
As an American citizen with inalien
able rights I at first refused indignant
ly to explain this strictly private dis
patch; but when Butler ordered the
Sergeant-at-Arms to look me up in
; Vinnie Ream's studio with the bust of
| Liucoln, my courage failed me and I
; deciphered the dispatch which referred
! to my personal prospects for Postmas
ter of Brooklyn ; Boggs" was laid out,
Anthony Campbell had given up and
gone home,and that 1 was all riglit for
So I thought, but like the luapeach
ers, I was disappointed.
Butler was not satisfied with this ex
planation and threatened to send for
Boggs, to see if he couldn't pump a
contradiction out of him.
It wouldn't have been the first time
that Boggs has rode into publicity on
! a pump.
After this narrow escape I curbed
! my epistolatory zeal, and avoided the
i Postoffice and telegraph while I re
mained in Washington.
Since Woolley has been provided
with free lodgings in the Capitol, sev
eral families who complain of high
rents have offered their services to the
Managers as contumacious witnesses,
but as there wouldn't be apartments
enough in the Capitol to accommodate
them without turning Congress out of
doors, the offers have been declined.
Butler thinks witnesses without cap
ital are not worth lodging in the Cap
itol. But a witness worth twenty
thousand dollars is a chance of getting
at the money.
I called on Grant and congratulated
him on his nomination, and assured
him of the support of the Weeksville
Grant Club, which J intended to join
as soon I got home.
In that charmingly terse and non
committal way he responded : "Mar
shall Brown's pups have got their eyes
After this explicit response there
can be no doubt that the devotion of
the W. (J. C. will be recognized when
Grant is President.
I then called on Colfax and assured
him that he had been the choice of
Weeksville from the start, that the
resolutions endorsing Fenton were
merely complimentary, out of grati
tude for the pardon of a relative of the
Secretary of the club, who having no
funds of his own at the bank, had used
the name of a gentleman who had, on
a check for a thousand dollars, for
which the prejudiced criminal author
ities had sent him to Sing Sing.
I also reminded Schuyler that we
were brother typos. lie was a printer
in his early life, and you no doubt re
member with gratitude how I came
to your assistance at that time of the
printer's strike, and set up a portion
of my epistle.
I meant to have followed it up and
become a regular printer, but when
Mrs. O'Lanus heard that you were
employing young ladies to set type,
She said it wasn't proper for a mar
ried man to be setting up with the
As Grant has so elegantly expressed
it, I said, "Let us have peace," and
dropped the case for the pen which is
mightier than the shooting-stick.
Colfax and I were old friends after
this introduction. I told him that
his rulings in the chair had always e
licited myj warmest admiration, and as
Ben. Wade had been found wanting,
no titter man for promotion could
have beey selected, and that I had the
fullest conviction that he would go up
in November next with tho ontire
Colfax was very affable, but he didn't
! ask me to take anything. He is doing
the temperance, so that the Chicago
ticket, like the platform, is half and
j Having become disgusted with the
ingratitude of Democracy and despair
ing of the Postofflce under the present
administration, I find consolation in
the Chicago platform, which compre
hends everything in general and noth
ing in particular, and taken in connec
tion with Grant's letter of acceptance
holds out a political prospect on which
the imagination can exercise in perfect
! freedom, without being cramped by
, defined dogmas about the national
! credit, negro suffrage or whatever.
The Weeksville Grant and Colfax
Club, which lacked one of a sufficiency
of members to fill the necessary officii
of President, Secretary, Treasurer and
Sergeant-at-Arms, received me with
rejoicing, and on my agreement to pay
the expenses of the room* we held a
An election for officers was held
which resulted as follows:
President— C'orry O'Lanus.
Secretary —Licin i us O'Tard.
Treasurer —Titus O' B1 ique.
Sergeant-at-A rms —Caius Marcus
Resolutions, endorsing Grant and
Colfax and pledging our undivided
support to the Chicago platform,' which
O'Blique had cut out of a newspaper,
were unanimously adopted.
Mr. O'Jard moved that a committee
be appointed to draft a constitution and
Mr. Mulligan, who is an original
Radical, opposed the motion. The
Constitution, he said, was a copperhead
contrivance, and was played out.
Mr. O'Tard said the gentleman was
laboring under misapprehension. The
motion had no reference to the Consti
tution of the United States.
Mr. Mulligan objected to the word :
constitution was not to be found in the
Chicago platform, or any other truly
Mr. O'Blique raised a point of order
and as a question of privilege called for
the previous question and demanded
the ayes and noes.
Mr. O'Tard asked the gentleman if
he would give way for an explanation?
Mr. Mulligan wanted to know if an
explanation was admissible under Con
gressional practice ?
The Chair ruled that when a privileg
ed question became a point of order,
and a member had the lloor on the pre
vious question, the amendment not
having been seconded, could.not take
precedence of a motion for a division
unless five members rose tyid deman
ded it, and as there were only four
members now present, it was obvious
ly out of order, and the Chair so ruled.
Mr. Mulligan appealed from the de
cision of the Chair, and if nobody
would second the motion he would sec
ond it himself and was not going to be
The chair called the gentleman toor
Mr. Mulligan—"What kind of order
do you propose to do business in ?"
The Chair—"We propose to be gov
erned by the rules of Jefferson's Manu
Mr. Mulligan—"l'd like to know if
Jefferson or any other Democrat is go
ing to lay down rules for a Republican
Club. We ain't going to have any cop
perhead authorities here."
The Chair (severely)— Mr. Mulligan,
if you repeat those language I shall
commit you for contempt of court.
Thomas Jefferson was one of the Fath
ers of the Republic."
Mr. O'Blique—"The Chair is out of
order. Jefferson's family relations
hawe nothing to do with the subject la -
fore the house."
Mr. O'Tard wished to know wheth
er the question before the house was
debatable, because if it wasn't, he in
sisted on being heard before it was de
Mr. Mulligan wanted to know if the
gentleman was going to talk all night.
Mr. O'Tard said it was none of Mr.
Mulligan's business; if he felt dry he
could go out and take a drink.
Mr. Mulligan wished the gentleman
to understand that he paid for his li
Mr. O'Tard said possibly he did,
when he couldn't get any one else 1o
pay for it.
The Chair—"Gentleman, as our elo
quent leader observes, 'Let us have
peace,' and proceed to vote on the
main question which the Secretary will
now please to read."
The Secretary read the question, put
in Congressional shape.
Resolved , That the Weeksville Grant
and Colfax Club do now adjourn to
take a drink.. Carried unanimous
The Club intends to conduct the cam
paign with energy.
The nominations of Grant and Colfax
have been received with the utmost
enthusiasm throughout the country,
from Weeksville to Oregon, but owing
to the backwardness of the season the
enthusiasm has not blossomed out as
Yours for Grant, Glory and the Post
office, CORKY O'LANUS.
RADICAL Senator Yates is known as
the corned beef of the Rump.
WHAT roof covers the most noisy
tenant? The roof of the mouth.
AN early spring—jumping out of
bed at five o'clock in the morning.
MONEY making concerns—govern
A "son that shines for all"—theyoung
THE key to the Congressional situa