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O, the men who fought and bled,
O, the giad and gaiiaut tread,
And the bright skies overhead,
O, the brave returning boys,
O, the oversowing joys,
And the guns, and drums and noise,
t Welcome home!
Let the deep voiced cannon roar, ,
Open every gate and door, j (
i'our out, happy people, pour,
Welcome home! j i
Bloom, O, banners, ever all, I i
Over every roof and wail, ]
Float and flow, and rise and fail,
Welcome home! I
Splendid column moving down,
Iron vet'rans, soiled and brown,
Brave heads, fit to wear a crowr., • '
Welcome home ! j j
Orim herds, which a wall have been,
Keeping sacred things within,
Keeping out the hosts of sin,
There the women stand for hours, j t
With their white bands full of flowers, i 1
llauiing down the peitumed showers, i
On dear men marching horns! i
Do you see him in the line ? ,
Something makes him took divine,
And a glciy makes him shine,
Coming home. I
Look out where the flag uniurls, , ,
Look out through your tears and curls,
Give them welcome, happy girls !
Welcome home !
Welcoeae home from war's alarms,
W'alcoir.e to a thousand charms,
Waiting lips and loving arms,
i'.rong man, with the serious face, s
If you saw him in his place, ' 1
Marching swift to your embrace, 1
Coming home, j '
You could weep with glad surprise,
At the dear dead boy that lies > f
Underneath the Southern skies, I }
Far away trom home. 1 1
Women, with the tender eye, j c
Weeping while the bovs go by, j P
vv-ll • iinoW-- K m.llraa yntl cry. |,,
Weary home ! f
Gcd be with you in your pain, I t
You will look and look in vain,
ile will never come again
To his home I t
So amid oar joy we weep
For the noble dead who sleep ,
In the va!e and on the steep, j (
Far from home;
For the chief who fought so well,
For the glorious brave who fell I (
Freedom's martyred line to swell,
And went home ! j ,
And we '.hank you ! War is dead,
Ar.d the hosts ot b'cod are fled,
And sweet Peace prevails instead,
Welcome home !
Limb and tongue are filled with glee,
And the nation shouts to see
Ail the glory yet to be.
WELCOME ! WELCOME HOME !
THE CONDITION OF PARTIES. j
A comfortable spectacle for the dogdays, a ;
. pectacle better to contemplate in this July .
eather than the most frosty Caucasus, is the j
rigglingof that great conglomerate of unprin
cipled politicians tailed the Republican party. \
11principled, we say, in no invidious sense, J
out as meaning simply, lacking a central princi- j
iJe, just as one might call another shirt-less with- •
out meaning to imply that he never had a shirt, I
or to exclude the idea that that most intimate ]
integument had been worn out in its proper us
es. The fact is simple this, that the Republi
can party has no organizing, central principle.
Like those insects which live hut to achieve
a single orgasm and perish in the act, the lie
publican party, assisted by the folly of the
South, has accomplised its purpose, and died.
It has ceaesd also to have its pretense for ex- i
istence. The Union, which its creation first f
and chiefly endangered, is saved. No peril as- ;
sails it from within or without. With no rca- i
son and no excuse for existing, the Republican j
party has died as a matter of course. But its |
component parts seem to be unaware of the tact, I
and, like that other wonder of the animal king- j
dom, separately wriggle and shiver as if they ,
believed themselves still to have unity, a bond j
of connection, and power.
A knot of radicals here and another there, j
like the Tjibune, wriggle for negro suffrage hut j
the remainder of the divided parts exhibit no
simultaneous shiver. Some of the part 9 arc so
far from sympathy with this movement, the ;
Tunes for example, that they wriggle for restrict
ed suffrage, and others still, like the Post, wrig
gle one day in sympathy with the first, the next
day in sympathy with the second, and the next
day look about to see which species of wriggling
most predominates before setting up again their
independent motion. And so it is; the life and
unity of the Republican-Union party has utter
ly gone, and nothing remains of it save its dis
cordant and divided parts.
Meanwhile, the Democratic parly, whose
solid, onduring principles are the very keystones
of free government, stands together a grand
unity. It survives defeat as it would have sur
ive'd success, and it has before it a greater
ork for the regeneration of the government,
r the restoration of its laws, for the rehabiii
tion of its commerce and manifold industries,
" t to be done, than ever fell to its lot to achieve
The Case of Mrs. Surratt.
AFFIDAVIT OF JOHN P. BROPHY. j
The Confession of Payne.
Its Truth Eudorsed by Gen. Hartranft. j
[From the Washington Constitutional Union of
According to promise, we spread before our
readers two documents, which, as we remarked
yesterday, go far towards establishing the inno
cence of Mrs. Surratt. Payne, it will be seen,
declares her entire innocence just before he
mounts the scaffold to be launched into cterni- j
ty And Gen. Hartranft, who lias had charge
of the prisoners from the beginning, and whose •
province it was to have them executed, says to I
President Johnson that he believes Payne has
told the truth. * j
The affidavit sworn toby Mr. Brophv. whom .
we know, and whose life-long character is with- i j
out spot or blemish, is also very important. I
The original document being in the bands of the
President, the one which we have procured may I
riot be exactly word for word with it hut tiie '
/'ads and re substance are precisely the same. ;>
From it we learn that Weiehmaa was a coi
ard. ■ "id being such, was no doubt easily fright- '
ened by Messrs. Sianlon and Burnett into a dec- !
laration of certain things, the truth of which '
is rendered more and more doubtful every day.
Every good lawyer knows how far such evidence j
would go in a Court of Justice.
VVe also learn that "if not informed on" he
"would never have told them a word about ttie ! *
assassination " How does this declaration taiiv i
with his statement on the witness stand that he i.
"preferred his government to John Surratt." j j
Indeed when his own declarations prove him to j (
have been a rabid secessionist we confess our- I
selves, at a loss to know which "Government" i
he considered his own. His intimacy with At-1 |
zerott and Payne, and his pleasure excursions j j
on Booth's horses speak for themselves. It will !
also be seen that while every trivial circum- 1 t
stance which could be tortured into a condem- !
nation of Mrs. Surratt was carefully compoun- ,
ded, not one of the many things in her favor
was allowed by the commission to lie shown j
They knew of Payne's confession and of this!'
affidavit before they gave their decision, although
VVeichman'ft admissions were made since theev- • '
idence for the defense closed, and yet in the face I l j
of such an array of facts, they rendered a de- j
cision which has made the blood run cold inev- j
ery manly heart. Whether a people who pro- j
be conuined in the fiery and ravenous Molocb j f|
of usurpation remains to be seen. j v
AFFIDAVIT OF Mil. JOHN P. IitiOPHY. j
1. I can have it proved, if time be allowed. (
that Weichinan "is and always was a coward," j f
according to the words- of bis father.
2. That he told me since this trial closed, that
he was arrested as a conspirator and threaten
ed with death by Mr. Stanton and Mr. Bur
nett, unless be would rc real all about the as- -
sassination —they (Stanton and Burnett) alio- s
ging that he (Weichinan) knew all about it. I
3. That he told me since the close of thetri- i
al, that the detective who had him in charge
in Canada was offered twenty-five thousand dol- i
lars to bring him (Weichman) back safely to i
4. That he stated to me since the trial closed i
that if Captain Gleason had not informed on
him, they (Stanton, Burnett and the rest) would
never have got a word out of him concerning
5. That since the trial closed he has admit
ted to me that he was a liar.
6. That he swore to a falsehood on the wit
7. That a short time before the assassination
lie introduced Atzerott to mc as a particular
friend of his; and that the same day he and At
zerott were riding on Booth's horses. I can
bring other and new witnesses to testify to his
intimacy with Atzerott.
8. That about the same time he boasted in
the office which he worked, that lie could make
forty thousand dollars any tune he liked, but
that it would be in a dishonorable way.
i 9. That since the trial closed, he told ine that
Mrs. Surratt wept bitterly at the thought of John
"oin" to Richmond, and implored him to remain
at home and not bring trouble upon himself and
I the family.
10. That onee while some men were at the
I house, Mrs. Surratt called John (her son) aside j
i and said to him : "John ! I am afraid there is j
i something going on. Why do these men come j
i here ? Now John, Ido not feel easy about ,
j this, and you must tell me what you are about "
! I asked Weichman if John told her and he told 1
jme that John did not and would not tell her. j
( 11. That since the close of the trial \\ eich- ■
| rn an offered to give m' a letter to President
i Johnson in Mrs. Surratt's favor, provi led 1
j would "keep it a profound secret '' I asked
i him to give me a similar letter to Judge Holt.
J and he replied: "No, I will not. write to nim, ;
; because I have no confidence whatever in Holt." j
! 12. That he said he would not work under
' this government if he had anything else to do, -
and that he would never fight on the Northern
13. That be was an avowed secessionist, and
said Le wished to go to Richmond to get a
! a clerkship; that he went away to avoid the
i draft, and told me so, and said, "if he \vore
drafted be would take his share of the "club
i money" and clear out.
14. That he had me summoned to testify to
his character, and atterward —remembering I
suppose that my testimony would injure him—
he begged me for about half an hour to leave
the court, and brought some of the sub-officers
of the place to urge me to go, so that 1 would
not be placed upon the witness stand.
15. That since the trial closed, he toid me
i ho would rather bo hooted at as a. spy and in
i ! former, and do anything than be tried asacon
-1 soirator and bave all lri3 future hopes blasted.
Freedom of Thought and Opinion.
BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 21, 1865.
10. That other very important facts in Mrs;
| Surratt's favor can be brought to light if tir,n
i be allowed.
| (Signed) JOHN P. BKOPHY.
Subscribed and sworn to before me t his 7t!i
| day of July, 1865, and 1 hereby certify tint
I the affiant is a respectable Citizen and wortiy
JOHN F. CALLEN, Notary Public.
THE CONFESSION OF LEWIS T. PAYNE —IT IS BX
JIOKSKD BY THE COMMANDING CiENEUAL, WHO
BELIEVES .MRS. SURRATT INNOCENT.
On Thursday afternoon, July 6th, Rev. B.
: F. Wiget, Rev. J. I>. Walter, Mr. John 13.
Brophy and Miss Anna E. Surratt received per
mission to visit Mrs. Mary E. Surratt, at her
: cell in the penitentiary. Mr. Brophy, remem
bering that Payne bad declared Mrs. Surratt's
innocence all through the trial, urged Father
Wiget and Father Walter to visit Payne and
ask him whether she were guilty or not. They
did visit Payne, by permission, and be told
them openly that she was an innocent woman.
Friday morning, Father Walter sent Mr.
Brophy with i letter to the President, contain
ing Payne's statement, and asking that a little
time be allowed Mr?. Surratt to prove her in
Father Walter's letter was endorsed hv Gen
eral Hartranft, who has had t!ie prisoners i;i
charge, and whose orders were to carry outtlio
execution. General Hartranft wrote in sub
stance as follows to the President a short time
before the execution:
"Tin P"ißi>ur Payne has just told m" that
Mrs. Scrriitt ?■ entirely innocent of the assas
sination of President Lincoln, and of any knowl
edge thereof. lie also states that she had u >
knowledge whatever of the abduction plot,
that nothing was evr -aid to nor about it, an i
that her name was never mentioned by the par
ties connected therewith."
At the close of the letter, which General
Hartranft wrote to the President, he, (General
Hartranft] said :
"I believe that l'ayne has told the truth in
He then signed his name, rank, &e., and very
kindly and humanely furnished Mr. Brophy
with two of iiis best horses, in order that, lie i
might arrive at the President's in time for a re
prieve. At the White House Mr. Brophy met
Mrs. Douglas, wife of Senator Douglas, who
united her exertions with those of many other,
distinguished persons, who had cume to ask
even a short respite for a woman whom they
believed to be innocent. All efforts proved
Sati'lffiS .JUMKeif - - Tkfi. Prravlmt fmla# fi -vb
must die, and not a minute should she have be- j
yond the time appointed. Our feelings are sucli
that we cannot now dwell further upon this
topic. The plain statement of facts speaks more
forcibly than could any remarks which we.
How Wild Horses Fight.
Iha l often heard from paeon authority, and
sometimes from white men, whom 1 accounted
somewhat better authority, of the use to which
the horses of the llanos and pampas sometimes
apply their heels; and upon numerous occasions
since we came down into the Great Basin, we
have been furnished with ocular demonstra
tions of these fleet, beautiful animals, for using
as weapons, both offensive and defensive, not
only their heels, but fore feet and feeth.
It was not, however, until after we had
crossed the headquarters of the lacoary, en
tered upon the country of the Capopas, and
wore skirting along the northwestern base of
tho Tucupayo Range, that we had an oppor
tunity of witnessing a battle royal between the
slender, clean limbed South American horse
and the most ferocious and powerful of all the
brute rangers of the Brazilian forests.
The six months that we had been in the
Great Basin had occupied us chiefly along the
courses of the l'anama, l'arnahyba. and th ir
tributaries, and, consequently, very few of the
larger and more formidable animals with which
all the forest regions of the interior abound.
But we had got fairly into the wild beast re
gions at last, and for a week or so, had been
favored with a good deal more oi their com
panionship than was agreeable. Furnas, leo
pards, tigers and cougars were quite as numer
ous as we had found the smaller animals out in
the plains, and ten times more annoying—
particularly the puma, the only one of all our
new neighbors who had no lear ol tiie and \i ry
1 little of our rifles, compelling us by bis auda
-1 cious bravado, generally to settle our differences
with the lasso and lancc.
The northwestern slope of the Tucupayo
Range is. perhaps, one of the most singular sier-
Ira formations in the worl 1. 1' rotn its genera;
i base, which i densely wooded, jut out in the
! rrras-y plain long, narrow spurs of sierra, of
I moderate elevati'm, of irregular hrngth and dis
tance from each oiher, and all heavily timbered
to their \crv extremities.- —Prom a buds eye
point of vie " the mountain would probably ap
■ pear something like a vast comb, viitti the teeth
irregularly set or some of them broken out.
Asa rule we kept to the level ground, pass
i ing around these spurs; but occasionally, when
-am- to a barrier of trifling elevation and
1 h !at >n to replenish our Mock, ot game, wo
1 crossed one of the sierras either direct or dug
i! oually, as suited our purpose.
| Oiie afternoon we were crossing one of thoa
, ridges, well in towards its base, and had just
i reached the summit, when Mendota, our wilt
i Paraguayan outrider, shouting iu his kngut
>' franca of the border:
I "Ola' Senors —vamosa aver! Ten hamot
- dos lea grander castamuerto con el carvalhos!'
3' "What's that, Mendo—two lions having :
s ; death-fight with the horses?"
1 "Si, Senor. Bon combato! Vamos aver.'
So we went down to see; but Mendozs. s es
e gerness had slightly outran the facts. Iho bat
- tie was not set, but it was inevitable, near s
'there would be right royal sport worth wil
. nessing. So, having gone down the slope of
i the sierra at a rattling dash, we drew rein just
within the fringe of tiie timber, where we had j
an admirable lookout; and laying clear the
fastenings of lances and unsliuging our rifles, j
we were prepared for whatever emergency
r might arise,
i The level, grassy plain, between the two
Spurs, was less than half a mile in width, and
about one-third <>f the distance across it, coun
ting from our side, and -irectly in front of our
position was grazing quietly a beautiful mouse
colored mare, having a pair of twiu colts, three
months old, perhaps, frisking about her. Off
to our right, and down towards the bottom of
■ the grassy cove, were two immense pumas—
male and female—stealing cautiously out to
wards the unsuspicious mare; and away to the
left, out in the centre of the meadow, wa3 a
small herd of the finest looking horses 1 had
ever seen on llano or pampa.
The animals had discovered the pumas, and
were preparing for battle; while the lone mare,
her attention diverted probably by the gambols
ot' her foals, remained unconscious of danger.
The mare was about midway between her
friends and enemies, and the pair of ferocious
brutes appeared to be calculating their chances
of pouncing upon un i bearing off' the two
foals befi rc the horse brigade could sweep
down upon them.
There was something very much like reason
in the sagacity manifested by the horses. The [
herd numbered perhaps a hundred animals, a- 1
inong them some twenty mures, with foals by !
their side. Alter a brisk trotting to and fro '•
fur two minutes by half a dozen of the finest 1
looking wild stallions I ever saw, as many staid !
matronly mares drew out from the troop, fol
lowed l,y every colt among them. Then, as it '
pracii-ing a strategy to conceal their real inten- 1
lions trom the pumas, every animal put his oi
lier haa 1 down to the grass, and began chop
ping along towards theinare at urate just a- ]
bout equal in speadto the advance of the pumas. '•
it looked very much as if the horses wished to 1
druw their enemies so far from their base that i
when (lie charges were made they would be a- '
bie to cutoff their retreat.
Both parties continued to advance until the 1
distance to the tnare on either hand wa3 less- 1
ened to twenty-live yards. The situation was 1
growing, to us, excitingly interesting.
Mrs. Louise Elmer, by far the best rifle- i '
shot among us, poised her Lansingburg, drew | 1
hack tiie hammer, and in three seconds more j 1
it is likely there would have been a royal puma ; 1
tbewderinn' on the. srass. with a bullet through j
I the weapon, scolding his wile a iituo in ni&
good humored way:
"Fie, Louise, would you deprive us of tiie
amusement we have been so long in search of.
"I say it's a shame! a downright barbarity,
! to permit those ferocious brutes to mangle and
murder the innocent foals!" exclaimed Diana
: indignantly, fingering the lock of her rifle im
"Nao, Scnora Diana —Ri ico nao murcto
And Mendoza was right. The lion would
kill nothing. That we saw very clearly in less
than thirty seconds.
There came suddenly a shrill neigh from the
general of horse, a magnificent brown stallion
—a yell more like the scream of a sharp-set
steam whistle than the neigh of a horse, and in
1 a moment, the whole troop was charging down
j like a whirlwind.
First they came four or five abreast, in sec
tions, passing between us and the mate and be
i yond' the punias|Ghe head of the column, when
. the leader suddenly swept round in a curve to
' the left, the animals dropping into single file as
' regularly as the best drilled troopers on cart
! could bave done, an 1 round they went lik£j
' lightning by the left until he head of the col
, umn came round and lapped the rear on the in
side by about ten animals, leaving a space of i an
' bout six feet clear between the laps of the ci ia t
1 ; cle, which inclosed the two pumas and the nia.'y,
with her foals.
' | The pumas, finding themselves completely en
-1 ; vcloped, set up a terrific roar, and on the in
' i stant, dashed upon their enemies with headlong,
' ' brute fury. The male made a tremendous
" leap, aimed the stallion, who wheeling on the
1 instant, his head towards the outer line, let fly
" his heels with such force that their contact with
1 the puma's jaws sounded like the crack of a
' pistol. The vast brute was hurled end over
" end across the revolving circle, and, like light
s I nine, a fiery gray dropped into the line, wheel
-1 ed and drove his hoofs into the pumas' ribs with
u a thud that sent the monster rolling over and
" over, howling with rage and agony.
The female puma sprang her leap upon a
a . beautiful mottled mare, some ten animals in
,f advance of the brown stallion, and was more
hardly dealt with than her mate. As quick as
1 thought, the mare and two of her nearest com
e panior.s fell within tho line, turned tail to, and
'* si multaneously there fell the crushing blows
h from six spiteful hoofs upon the puma's head,
breast and shoulders, knocking every atom of
fHit out of her in a second, and laying her out
n there on the grass as limp as a rag.
"Bravo, little beauty !" cheered Louise tor
the mottled mare.
'* "Hurrah for General Brown!" shouted Di
i ana, enthusiastically.
' e "Vico os todos carvalhos!" put in Mendoza,
'I in extacies.
"Hurrah 1 bravo! viva! go it, wild horses,
a we all yelled in concert."
! And go it they did—those gallant defenders
'f, of female and infant horses. Round and round
they went in that whirling, dizzy waltz, dealing
a battering blows with their vengeful heels until
the last spark of life was beaten from tho mighty
: pumas, and ikon, with many a proud neigh of
a triumph, they went prancing away from the
l ~ field of baffle.
t-3-One hundred and seventy pardons were
it- granted July sth. by the Frerident.
WHOLE UMBER, 3119
J The Problem of Labor at the South-
Negro Labor—The Government Ele
We copy from the Mobile News , the follow- !
ing exposition of the proposed regulations of
the Freedmen's Bureau, on the subject of ne
gro labor in the state of Alabama. It is worthy i
of perusal or reflection.
The Freedmen's Bureau have already made j
known their desire to assist in the work of re- ;
organizing labor, and to that effect have pub- j
lished regulations which, with the sanction of ;
the military authorities, have acquired the force j j
of law. |,
The regulations are simple, very simple in- ; j
deed, and may be summed up in a few words : j j
A home, wholesotac food, comfortable clothing, j
medical attendance, and one hundred and twen
ty dollars a year. s
In addition, the use of one acre of land and (
the use of the stock and agricultural implements ■
necessary for its cultivation.
In exchange, the laborer owes two hundred J
and eighty-seven days labor at an average of
nine and a half hours a day, or 2592 hours a
What wholesome food and comfortable cloth
ing are, is not stated, and may, we suppose, j
create some little difficulties, but we will take 1
it for granted that it is. the same food, and the i >
same clothing they were used to, whilst in bond- t
age: and to give full play to the advocates of |e
the system we will admit that the conditions e- j 1
numerated will not entail on the planter a lieav- , t
ier expense than in former times, when the j •
lowest average of the purchased supplies was j i
not less than sixty dollars. This, added to one ' e
hundred and twenty for wages, makes §IBO, . I
actual disbursement. It is not being too exact- I c
ing to set down the rent of the acre of land j
and the wear and tear of the stock and imple- i
ments at §l2 a year, increasing the actual ex- j c
penditure to §162 for each field hand. Now, j v
for the sake of argument, we will suppose that !
the laborer loses not an unnecessary day nor ' f
an unnecessary hour of that day, and we will : c
compare the result of his steady work under 1
the present system with that*under the former, t
In a state of bondage, the now retrenched j:
half Saturday (26 days in the year) was devo
ted to the farm work, thereby increasing the
number of actual working days to 315 instead <]
of 287, or a little over nine per cent., which
would only reduce the produce in equal propor-
In all countries, the field hand' 'commences • (
his labor at break of day, leaves off at 8, re- ;
sumes at 9 till 12, and then from 2 P. M. till
sundown, being fully 12 hours during six months ,
and 10 during the balance of the year, or a 1
full average of 11 hours a day, or 3,455 hours
a vear, leaving a difference of 852 hours of j ;
work against the planter, equivalent to over 22
per cent less work than previously, and there
fore 22 per cent, less in produce. 1
In Louisiana, on sugar plantations, four hogs
heads or 1,000 pounds, and in Alabama three
bales of cotton or 1.500 pounds to the field
hand were considered a very high average per
Although, if the theory of the advocates of (
free labor at fixed rates be correct, there is no
reason to apprehend any reduction in our great .
staple, but rather an increase, and that this in
crease, will reduce the price for the pur
chaser, we are, however, willing to admit (
that the average price of cotton will yield |
50 per cent, more to the plannter than it did
before the war, increasing therefor from 10 to
.nances, i>y Madam Robinson. '-.minds
DR. STEVEXS' TROUPE OF
DUCATED DOGS AND MONKEYS, \
Fiom Ashley Amphitheatre, London. f
THE FAMOUS THICK MILES,
icho, the Spotted Spaniard, and Paul Pry, unhes- 9
:ingly pronounced the wonder* of the mule fam
wili be rxhibited at each performance by the (T.
iper. Air. Chas. Covill*.
Now, if the laborer absorbs§l92 whilst pro
ducing only §IBO for the planter, how will
that draw the interest of his capital in land,
buildings and stock, and the wear and tear of
the same? Here is the problem, and the old
struggle between capital and labor is renewed
in all its former fury.
What is the result? Capital will turn its
back on labor, and seek, even in a foreign land,
some more profitable employment, whilst labor,
tied down to the glebe and unable to move for
want of means will expire in the midst of suffer- ;
ing, misery and all the concomitant vices they
bring in their train.
This is no dark picture drawn at pleasure,
but a mere plain statement of facts and figures,
leaving aside all passions and prejudices of raj
cos, and based on an assumed belief that, on j
his part, the freedman will honestly perform j
his part of the contract, resisting all improper
temptatiorfs of idleness ard novelty, so inherent
to human nature.
It is therefore our firm belief that the attempt
to organize labor for the benefit of the black- j
man, without bis being compelled to enter the
list in competition with the white, is a solemn '
confession of his inability to stand that com- I
But if society meditates the protection of one ;
class or set of individuals, is it not a natural j
consequence that it can be done only at the ex- j
pense of another class or set ? and what is that
other class, except our own brothers of the
. Caucasian race, that highly progressive and per-
I fectible race which, since it was driven from
f the cradle of mankind, has marked each cen
j tury by its advance in civilization, whilst the
/ black race has remained till to-day what it was
j- four thousand years ago.
Will the well-meaning philanthropists turn
one moment to the sturdy, intelligent son of
the North and West, and point out the class of
b ! day-laborers, nay, well educated clerks, which,
after havinrr been housed, fed. clothed and at-
On square, one insertion, $1 00
One square, three insertions, 1 50
One square, each additional insertion 50
2 months. 6 months. 1 year.
One square, 84 50 $6 00 $lO 00
Two squares, 6 00 9 00 16 00
i Three squares, 8 00 12 00 20 00
! Half column, 18 00 25 00 40 00
One column, 30 00 45 00 80 00
Administrators and Executors' notices, $3 00.
Auditor's notices, if under 10 lines, $2 50. Sherifl 's
sales, $1 75 per tract. Table work, double th
above rates; figure work 25 per cent, additional.
Estrays,Cautionsand Notices toTrespassers, $2 00
; for three insertions, if not above 10 lines. Mar
riage notices, 50 cents each, payable in advance.
Obituaries over five iines in length, and Resolutions
of Beneficial Associations, at. half advertising rates,
payable in advance. Announcements of deaths,
gratis. Notices in editorial columns, 15 cents per
line. deductions to advertisers ot Patent
Medicines, or Advertising Agents.
j tended in sickness, realizes in hard cash one
! hundred and twenty dollars at the end of each
year, that is to say. enough tu buy forty acres
l of fine land, a plow and a yoke of oxen, and
thus become their lords and masters?
J Why, then, do they attempt to favor the
black at the expense of their white brother?
f for, if what is claimed for the black be true —
j and whether true or not, we bow our heads be
. fore the decree that has made it a fact—if all
I that be true, the sole right of the emancipated
| race is to commence on equal terms the great
| struggle for life, and there meet on the same
■ footing with all other competitors.
The white man who lazily begs his bread or
| plays vagabond is punished, as a just preven
j tive of crime. Let the black be subject to the
! same - punishment, anci he will soon learn to
gain his daily bread; he has the muscle, he
has the power, let society force the will into
And then, if it be God's design that the race
should be relieved from the curse which from
the commencement of the world has weighed
it down, let that will be done ; man can inter
pose no obstacle in its march to progress and
PHIL. SHERIDAN "DISLOYAL."
[From the Chicago Tunes.~\
Gen. Sheridan recently made a visit to his
home in Somerset, Ohio, and the day before he
was to leave. Hon. Win E. Fincke, a Demo
cratic Congressman, called on him and propos
ed to drive him to Lancaster, where lie would
take the cars. The general at once accepted
the imitation. The same evening the "loyal"
in Somerset heard of the arrangement, and
drummed together an escort and invited the gen
eral to go with them. lie declined, and the
Lancaster Eagle, speaking of his arrival there in
company with Mr. Fincke, says :
" Fhe ardor of a number of our L'nion citi
zens was dampened, and they express their in
dignation that he should be caught in company
with a copperhead Congressman."
The "loyal will be precluded, before iong,
from making demonstrations in favor of any of
our most noted generals. Grant and Meade and
Hancock, Thomas, Sheridan and Sherman find
their most congenial associates amoDg "cop
<3°He that would make a door of gold, must
drive in a nail every day.
K3J"Who follow not virtue in youth, cannot
fivjdn is old ase.
with a wooden leg said when a inad dog bit it
63" A Tall young man, if he is rich, is a May
pole for the girls to dance around.
Orlfa lady is asked how many rings she has,
she can say with trutli there is no end to them.
gij-Did unniversal charity prevail, earth would
be a heaven, and hell a fable.
is said to be a man in the moon.
In the honey-moou there are both a man and
G3"ls it possible, miss, that you do not know
the names of some of your best friends?
"Certainly; I don't even know what my own
will be a year from now."
mind 70U," whispered a servant
giri to her neighbor. "I don't say as how missus
drinks; but, between you and me, the decanter
don't keep full all day."
e3"Oue of the Western editors speaking of a
large and fat cotemporarv, remarked that if all
flesh was grass, he must be a load of hay. "I
expect I am," said the fat man, "from the way
the asses are nibbling at me."
gs*~The most extensive glassware factories in
the United States are at Pittsburg. In that
city are fifteen bottle and vial factories, fifteen
| window glass factories, and fifteen flint-glass
factories, doing an annual business of $7,000,-
fey Small boy, on tip-toe, to his companions
—"Sh —stop your noise, all of you."
Companions—"Hello! Tommy! what is the
Small boy—"We've got a new baby—it's
very weak and tired —walked all the way
| from Heaven last night—musn't be kicking up
a row round here now."
C3-During the strike in Paris the English haf
makers sent over a donation of three thousand
francs to aid their "brethren" in France to con
tinue the strife, accompanied, however, by a
j cargo of three millions worth of hats of their
own manufacturing, to supply the wants of the
rsrTender-hearted Stanton asked Gen. Hal
leek whether there were any cruelties practiced
lon the dear negroes at Richmond. The Gener
:a! replies that lie knows not of any. Probably
j ho will soon hear of some of the poor creatures
; having since been at work by—necessity; and,
j forthwith, necessity will be arrested—wo ex-
Cur Night levels ail artificial distinction. Tho
j beggar on his pallet of straw snores as soundly
: as a king on a bod of down. Night—kind, geu
-1 ! tie, soothing, refreshing night, tho earthly par
adise of the i-iave, the swoct oblivion of the
worn soul, the nurse of romance, of devotion.
How the great panting heart of society yearns
i for the. return of night and rest! Sleep is God's
' special gift to the poor; for the great there is no
P time fixed for repose.
is a soldier in Norfolk, Ya., over
- seven feet four inches tall
VOL. 8, NO 51-