Newspaper Page Text
UNIVERSITY PARK - Animal
agricultural engineers and
foresters in the College of
Agriculture at Penn State are
studying the potential for using
Pennsylvania’s four million acres
of unused land as pasture for beef
cattle and sheep.
Such marginal land commonly
consists of abandoned cropland,
unused for 10 years or more, and
stands of young pines or open,
sparsely populated hardwood
stands. These lands present an
untapped forage resource for the
state’s beef cattle and sheep,
according to animal scientists L.L.
Wilson and H.W. Harpster.
One approach in assessing this
potential has been to study the
nutritive value of the native or
“wild” vegetation already present.
Surprisingly, many weeds are
palatable for sheep and cattle if the
plants are grazed while young.
Calcium phosphorus, magnesium
and copper levels are highly
desirable in these weeds and can
UNIVERSITY PARK - Don’t
waste your time or that of a
potential employer until you have
your act together.
Whether you are entering the
marketplace for the first time or
trying to re-enter, you must know
how to market your skills and
Designed to help you develop
basic skills useful in finding a job is
a correspondence course available
from The Pennsylvania State
University. Titled, “Job Hunting
Skills,” the course presents some
basic principles and techiques for
organizing your own job hunting
Home mointenanee file
saves time, trouble
YORK If you can’t remember
who fixed your furnace the last
time it broke down or how much it
cost to replace your kitchen fan
blades, you may have some
problems the next time you need to
take care of either again.
A home maintenance file can
help you keep track of all work
done and purchases made, what
each cost, and the store or service
center you went to for each item or
A home maintenance file also
can help you figure out how much
to budget for maintenance or
replacement in the future.
Although prices for both tend to go
supplement the low levels of many
conventional grasses and legumes.
The potential productivity of
marginal lands, in terms of animal
carrying capacity, is very im
portant to farmers. In studies led
by Dr. Wilson, three to five acres of
old abandoned farmland were
required to meet the nutritional
needs of one beef cow and her calf
during the grazing season. For a
growing steer, two and one-half
acres were needed. Sparsely
wooded pine or hardwood stands
would require 10 to 20 acres to
support each cow and calf.
How marginal lands are
managed is also vitally important.
They should be sparsely grazed, or
rotationally grazed, since these
pastures are extremely fragile,
and overgrazing can cause
erosion. Thus, such hill pastures
need a 30 to 40 day rest at least
once, or perhaps two or three
time's, during the grazing season.
This can be accomplished by
rotational grazing, Dr. Wilson
Sixteen traits sought by em
ployers are listed and discussed.
Some of the other topics discussed
are: knowing yourself, learning
about an occupation, how to find
employers who are hiring people
like you, what an employer can
legally ask you, writing ap
plications, personal resumes and
job letters, the job interview, and
getting along on your new job.
You can get a copy of the seven
lesson course by send $6.75, in
cluding handling, to JOB HUN
TING SKILLS, Dept. 5000,
University Park, PA 16802. Make
check payable to PENN STATE.
up, you’ll at least know how much
it cost last time and you can get
some idea of what to expect.
And the file can help you
remember which service people to
call - or not to call - the next time
something needs to be fixed.
You can also use the file to store
warranty and “use and care”
information. It is a good way to
keep track of the model number or
serial number of certain parts that
need to be replaced often. Be sure
to file the exact name and type of
paint you’ve used so you can be
sure to get the same one if you
have to repaint a wall or trim.
unused acres for pasture
Wilson and Harpster cautioned
that most hill land pasture is
poorly drained, thus subject to
trampling by livestock which
destroys the surface for future
growth of grass. Use such lands
only when the ground is dry enough
to avoid muddiness. Mud will lead
to trampling of grass cover. Trees
may be helpful in reducing erosion
and holding soil. However, in most
cases it is still best to fence cattle
out of woodlands, and manage the
hill land pasture so as not to
“Location of hill pastures is also
important,” Wilson commented.
“Southern slopes many times will
have grass ready for grazing two
to three weeks earlier than nor
thern slopes. Southern slopes also
tend to dry out quicker in the
spring, allowing fertilizer ap
plication and increased growth
earlier in the spring,” he added.
In addition to studying the
productivity of marginal lands in
their natural state, the researchers
also looked at improving forage
availability through more in
tensive management. Four
1. Surface seeded with recom
mended legumes and grasses, no
lime or fertilizer applied, 30 per
cent brush cover, grazed with
sheep and goats.
2. Same as 1 but grazed with
3. Surface seeded with one-half
recommended amounts of lime
and fertilizer, rotationally grazed
4. Same as 3 with full recom
mended amounts of lime and
The value of intensive
the one that keeps rolling when others quit!
Automatic pioneered the development of the unique crusher unit
which shells corn and shreds the cob ahead of the rollers which
crack the kernels and reduce the cob further. No troublesome
screens to change or slow down the capacity. It comes with 8-foot
hydraulic intake auger and 54-inch blower. Also available with an
11-inch tilting discharge auger with 10-foot reach in place of the
• UNIQUE CRUSHER ROLLS shell the corn, crush the cob ahead
of the rolls, no screens to plug.
• FATIGUE-PROOF DRIVE SHAFTS, ground and polished.
• CARBON STEEL ROLLS, hardened to a 56 Rockwell “C”, out
perform other rolls in capacity and durability.
•20-SPLINE, 13/»-inchl 3 /»-inch PTO shaft with shear pin protection.
|\| ULl\ WVI I *-■ Chambersburg. PA 17201 0219
CO. PH /17 263 9111
management was clearly seen in
terms of the pounds of lamb
produced per acre, according to
Dr. Harpster, sheep project
leader. System 1 produced 76
pounds; system 2, 95 pounds;
system 3,197 pounds; and system
4,333 pounds of lamb per acre. The
growth of kid goats was an added
benefit on system 1.
“These results were averaged
over three grazing seasons and
thus reflect normal variations in
rainfall from year to year,” Dr.
The increased lamb production
on systems 3 and 4 were a direct
result of increased forage growth
First aid for spots and stains
DELAWARE COUNTY - It
always seems to be just when
cleaning supplies are low that
spills and stains occur, says
Maryetta Dorricott, Delaware
County cooperative extension
service home economist. Most
people try to keep their medicine
chest equipped with emergency
supplies and food shelves stocked
for the unexpected. However, not
many well-prepared to treat spills
and stains on favorite clothes.
Prompt action can mean the dif
ference between wearing clothes
again or sending them to the
Most stains on washable fabrics
can be removed with items nor
mally on hand such as white ab
sorbent fabric, all-purpose
detergent and soap, baking
powder, cornstarch and deodorant
More specific cleaning materials
such as drycleaning fluid con
taining perchoroethylene or
trichloroethane, enzyme pre-soak,
through ft rtilization and improved
forage use through rotational
grazing. Both practices are im
portant in obtaining an economical
return from marginal land,
The impact of the goats co
grazing with the sheep in system 1
also suggests a useful
management tool. While sheep
preferred the more conventional
grasses and legumes, goats clearly
preferred brushland. After two to
three years of grazing, much of the
brush disappeared, allowing
sunlight penetration and
emergence of seeded grass
non-oily fingernail polish remover,
clear household ammonia and
household cleaner, are found in
most homes as are common
laundry products like chlorine
bleach, oxygen bleach, and
prewash soil-and-stain remover.
However, few people think to
include color remover, rust
remover, paint solvent, banana oil
and sodium thiosulfate in their
regular stock of cleaning supplies.
If all or most of these cleaning
items are not on your laundry
shelf, you may want to add them to
your next shopping list.
This checklist and other useful
information is yours for the asking
in a new publication now available
from your Delaware County
Cooperative Extension Service.
Call 565-9070 and ask for a copy of
Removing Stains and Odors from
Washable Fabrics. Penn State is
an affirmative action, equal op