Lancaster farming. (Lancaster, Pa., etc.) 1955-current, December 29, 1973, Image 1

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Periodicals Division m > ( V 47
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Vol. 19 No. 6
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A summary of market
| “XVr by Dick Wanner I
A tight supply and demand situation dominates the
outlook for feed grains according to a USDA report. The
supply for 1973-74 totals 240 million tons, 4 percent below
1972-73. Production, forecast at 207 million tons, is 7 million
more than last year, but carryover of old grain into the
marketing year was down a third to 32 million tons. Less
than 11 million tons of the carryover was under loan or
owned by CCC, lowest in 2 decades, and “free" carryover
stocks were larger forthe first time in that period.
A further decline in carryover is likely at the end of 1973-
74. Total disappearance, projected at 212 million tons, will
exceed production. Domestic use may not quite match last
year's 173 million tons if high feed grain costs and larger
protein supplies reduce feeding rates for feed grains and
offset an expected 2 percent increase in livestock numbers.
Foreign demand, projected at 40 million (short) tons,
continues exceptionally strong. In the past 5 years, the
growth in world feed grain production has lagged world
demand, leading to rising exports and prices. .Larger feed
grain crops in 1974-75 would soften prices, help keep
countries with limited purchasing power in world grain
markets, and provide,
Last year’sj?rain expprt boom sTrort i 972
food and feed crops around the world. But despite a record -■
1973 world grain crop, world grain demand continues ex
ceptionally strong in 1973-74.
With world population growing at the rate of 75 million
people annually, the demand for food and fiber also
continues to grow,. Diets -in many countries are improving
and this .means more animal protein. Feed grain disap
pearance increased at an average rate of 19 million metric
tons annually during 1968-72. World production, while
fluctuating, during this period increased at an average
annual rate of 12 million tons. In years when production fell,
large carryover stocks were available to meet consumption
requirements. This was the case in 1972-73, when increased
imports reduced carryover stocks of exporting countries to
low levels.
A UVSi-million-ton or 5 percent increase is projected for
domestic use during 1974-75. Grain-consuming animal
units, especially cattle and poultry, may expand by as much
as 2Vz percent and feeding rates are assumed to resume the
long-term uptrend.
Charles Kauffman, a Bureau of Employment Security em
ployer relations representative, hopes to get some Lancaster
Countians off the welfare rolls by placing them in jobs on
dairy farms.
Lancaster Farming, Saturday, December 29, 1973
Alfred*Re|st left; and His twin brother, Arthur, display the
tobacco that won them grand and reserve champion honors,
respectively, at the annual Lancaster County 4-H Corn and
Tobacco Roundup on Thursday.
Corn, Tobacco Prices
Go To Heists, Boyd
History has a way of repeating
itself, and so do Lancaster
County corn and tobacco shows.
In the annual 4-H Corn and
Tobacco Roundup held Thursday
at the Farm and Home Center,
Arthur and Alfred Reist again
walked off with top honors in both
the wrapper and filler depart
ments, and Ephrata’s Kerry
From Welfare Recipient to
Dairyman - A Local Goal
Dairying has been on the
decline in Pennsylvania for a
number of years. Since 1968, for
example, over 5500 daiymen have
left the farm, and some 65,000
cows have left the state’s dairy
herds. A lack of labor is one of the
many factors helping to push
daiymen off the farm. The
Pennsylvania Department pf
Agriculture and the state
Department of Labor and In
dustry are working on a joint
program to help alleviate the
dairymen’s labor woes, and
they’ve picked Lancaster County
as the site for their pilot project.
The program aims to bring
welfare recipients and farmers
together, according to Charles E.
Kauffman who is coordinating
the effort here. Kauffman is an
Boyd added another laurel to his
string of corn growing cham
Alfred G. Reist had the grand
champion tobacco with his first
place hand of wrapped tobacco.
Twin brother Arthur E. was the
reserve champion with his first
place hand of filler tobacco.
(Continued On Page 4)
employer relations representive
with Lancaster’s Bureau of
Employment Security, a division
of the Department of Labor and
Probably some of the most
vocal critics anywhere of welfare
programs are to be found in
Lancaster County’s farm com
munity. In a Lancaster Farming
interview, Kauffman said he
realized that fact, but he
nevertheless has high hopes for
the program. “Given half a
chance,” Kauffman said, “the
majority of people on welfare can
turn into self-supporting, tax
paying citizens We’re going to
give dairy farmers a chance to do
something about the welfare
problem while they’re doing
something about their own labor
S 2 00 Per Year
Kapleau Quits,
But Still Runs
Pa. Milk Board
The chairman of the state’s
Milk Marketing Board, Harry
Kapleau, announced Thursday he
'is stepping down from the three
member agency to become its
executive secretary.
Peter Elish, a Democrat
defeated last month seeking re
election as Washington County
'controller, will be named by Gov.
Shapp as the new chairman, but
Kapleau is expected to continue
to run the board’s daily
The change will raise
Kapleau’s annual salary from the
$13,000 he receives as chairman
to between $20,000 and $25,000.
The exact figure will be set by the
board itself, which has scheduled
a reorganization meeting for Jan.
The agency regulates most
aspects of Pennsylvania’s dairy
industry, ranked fifth in the
-nation with retail sales of more
than $1 billion annually.
The board’s most controversial
power is its authority to set
minimum prices for milk at both
the retail and processing levels.
Elish, 59, was a Washington
County organizer for Shapp in the
1970 gubernatorial compaign. He
served in the state House in the
1945-46 session and has filled
various county offices since then.
His home is in Cannonsburg.
His appointment, scheduled to
occur with Senate adjournment
Dec. 31, probably will be
challenged by Senate
Republicans, who contend Shapp
is violating the state constitution
with hundreds of interim ap
A number of the county’s
welfare recipients are enrolled in
the bureau’s WIN, or Work In
centive Program. These,
Kauffman said, are the people
who would be considered for on
the-job dairy training. Kauffman
explained that there are some
(Continued On Page 24 )
In This Issue
Markets 2-4
Sale Register 29
Farmers Almanac 6
Classified Ads 33
Editorials 10
Home on the Range 20
Lancaster Co. DHIA 12
The Year in Review 18
Manheim YF Officers 7
Farm Calender 3