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—Lancaster Farming. Saturday, July 15. 1972
*l3O Billion Food Assembly Line is Biggest Industry
Every year, about 1,500 pounds
of food per person roll off the
Nation’s biggest assembly line—
the one that spans from farmer to
consumer Its total goods and
services are valued at $l3O
The assembly line runs through
restaurants and supermarkets
Its outturn includes meat,
Keeping production up...costs
down,.. Is the profit key in poultry
operations. And more and more
records on commercial flocks of
Babcock B-300’s...“The Busi
nessman’s Bird”...show sus
tained production of top quality
eggs...often with an additional
20 to 30 eggs per bird housed
over other strains. Come in...
iook at the records and the B-300
...‘‘The Businessman’s Bird”.
Telephone (717) 626-8561)
Contract with leading herds in the area,
Co-operate with universities and allied mdustires,
Test equipment and facilities,
Build your own
Test suppliers products to find the best,
Employ computers to digest a host of information?
The team of Hales and Hunter Co. and Cargill Inc. does
all of these and more to provide you with the best feeds
Don't take our word though
try a little research yourself,
ELMER M. SHREINER
poultry, seafood, vegetables,
fruit, cereals, and dairy
About 1 3 billion acres of land,
and the 4 3 million people who
work it, supply the raw
In a single year, farmers and
ranchers furnish the assembly
line about II million sheep and
lambs 39 million beef cattle
and calves 94 million hogs .
120 million turkeys 3 billion
broilers 72 billion eggs .. and
115 billion pounds of milk
Butz Soys Dairy Industry
Just Swallow Away from
U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
Earl L. Butz spoke at the 87th
annual meeting of the Holstein-
Friesian Association last week in
One of the most interesting
statistics he presented to the
group was one he gleaned from a
personal research project. His
methodology would no doubt earn
him only faint applause at most
junior high school science fairs.
Butz did, however, get his point
across to the assembled
dairyment. Describing the ex
periment, he said:
“How close are we to a supply
consumption balance in the dairy
industry? Just a swallow away.
Here’s what I mean. This year
the government purchased well
over six billion pounds of milk.
“Now, a pint’s a pound the
world around so that makes
over six billion pints of milk And
each pint pours two glasses, so
that’s 12 billion glasses.
“1 decided to find out how
many swallows of milk there are
in a glass. One weekend when our
two boys were home, Mrs. Butz
and I performed a highly
scientific experiment right next
to the refrigerator.
“Mrs. Butz poured four glasses
of cool, refreshing milk. Then we
each counted the swallows as we
drank it and it averages out to
a little more than six swallows
per glass. Now when you multiply
ground to conduct research,
Trading as Good’s Feed Mill
Specializing in DAIRY & HOG FEEDS
New Providence, Pa.
In all, the Nation’s farmers
market over $5O billion worth of
agricultural goods annually
Some $35 billion is food products
for U S consumers More than $4
billion is shipped to consumers
Behind this outpouring ot food
products stand some 3.3 million
farm people and 1 million hired
workers. Add to this about 2
million other people who work in
industries that supply goods and
services to farmers.
six swallows per glass by over 12
billion glasses of milk you get
roughly 73 billion swallows of
“Then, when you multiply 200
million people by 365 days, the
product is 73 billion. So, if you
folks can only convince every
American to drink just one more
swallow of milk everyday we
would completely eliminate the
cushion in the milk supply.”
* America’s best seller has separate
chopper, separate blower...
The cutter head on Uni doesn’t have to
double as a blower. And so the spout is
closer to the wagon. Result? Forage is
saved on turns, in contoured fields and in
crosswinds. Spout direction is hydraulic
The Uni-Forage Harvester has non-stop
cutting and plug-free chopping ability, too.
More than 60 tons an hour in corn.
Three upper feed rolls and six spiral knives,
and a choice of four cutter head screens.’
CHAS. J. McCOMSEY
Hickory Hill, Pa.
N. G. HERSHEY & SON
ROY H. BUCH, INC. LAND ? S BROS., INC.
Ephrata, R.D. #2 Lancaster
Farmers invest more than $4O
billion annually in machines,
fertilizers, chemicals, animal
feeds, petroleum products, in
terest on loans, labor, and a host
of other goods and services.
These goods and services, as
well as better farming methods,
new plant varieties, and im
proved livestock and poultry
breeds, have accelerated farm
production. Today, each farm
worker produces enough for
nearly 50 people, compared with
about 28 just 10 years ago
About 1 million firms that
grade, store, process,
manufacture, package, and
distribute foods await the far
mers’ raw products. Services
provided by this marketing
system ultimately make up $2 of
every $3 consumers spend for
First stop along the assembly
line is often a country grain
elevator, cold storage
warehouse, or a stockyard. These
businesses number about 10,000.
Most foods then travel through
one or more of the 23,000 food
processing plants located across
the country. These firms employ
around 1.5 million people. Food
processors, like farmers, have
become increasingly efficient.
.Jig + v
A. L. HERR&BRO.
Row Crop Head
Add em up. They give top performance
hour after hour—with a more uniform cut
(down to 3/16") for better silo packing.
And it s part of a great system of self
propelled harvesting equipment requiring
only one interchangeable Power Unit. It’s
America s best selling self-propelled forage
chopper. The Uni-Forage Harvester . . .
with 2-row wide or 3-row narrow row crop
heads, cornhead for making ear corn feed,
windrow pick-up, direct cut attachment
. . . more reasons why . . ,
Uni-System just makes
kinzer EQUIP. CO.
Food brokers, wholesalers,
food stores, and other buyers
transfer food products on to the
next point in the assembly line A
massive network of farm-to
market roads, highways,
railroads, waterways, and air
carriers link the various tops en
route to consumers.
At the end of the $l3O billion
food assembly line are ap
proximately 300,000 retail food
stores staffed by nearly 1.75
million employees Large,
modern supermarkets stock
hundreds of new products every
year, and discontinue others
when consumer appeal wanes.
Typical supermarkets offer
consumers nearly 8,000 items.
The assembly line also ends at
more than half a million
restaurants and other away
from-home eating places. These
are operated by some 3 million
One in every seven workers—
including farmers, waiters,
processors, truckers, and
grocery clerks—makes his living
on the food assembly line. With 13
million employees, the food
assembly line is the Nation’s
biggest business, accounting for
more than one-tenth of the total
value of goods and services
produced in the United States.