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OHAS. GODFREY LELAND, Chairman, REV. WH. H. FURNESS,
WILLIAM Y. MCKEAN, FRANCIS WELLS,
PROF. HENRY COPPfiE, R. MEADE BAOHE,
GEORGE H. BORER, ASA I. FISH,
CRAIG BIDDLE, CEPHAS G. CHILDS.
THE FAIR MOVEMENT IH THE LOYAL
GREAT WESTERN SANITARY FAIR, CINCINNATI.
piINCINNATI was not slow in following the
example of Chicago. There has always
existed a sort of rivalry between the Queen
City of the West and her younger shster of
the Lake; but never was that rivalry displayed
in a nobler and more generous form than when
the contest arose which city should do most
for the soldier. The “National Union As*
sociation,” of Cincinnati, took the initiative,
and, under its auspices, an organization, called
the “ Sanitary Fair Association,’’ was formed,
by which the Great Western Fair was con
ducted. General Eosencrans, who had seen
much of the operations of the Commission in
the Army, and who thoroughly appreciated
the systematic beneficence of its work, was
the President of this association, and gave it
the valuable support of his great name. Two
of the largest and most convenient edifices in
Cincinnati, Mozart Hall and Mechanics’ Insti
tute, were occupied as the central depot or
grand exposition. A large building, known as
the Industrial Palaoe, was seleoted as a place
of exhibition for machinery; and a temporary
restaurant, of enormous dimensions, was
erected on Market Square. As at Chicago,
the design was to enlist the support of every
class in the community, and even of every in
dividual, no matter how humble his means, in
the holy work; and this design was effeeted
EDITORIAL COMMITTEE :
PHILADELPHIA, FRIDAY, JUNE 17.
by persistent, systematic, and thorough can
vassing in every part of the country which
had any relations, social or commercial, with
The Great Western Fair opened on the 14th
December, 1808, when speeches were made by
General Rosecrans, Bishop Mcllvaine, and
other notabilities, national and looal. The
number of things that were done to insure its
success defy all description or enumeration.
There was an Autograph Committee, whose
business it was to hunt down celebrities all
over the country, and extraot from them some
thing in their own handwriting that would
satisfy the public craving for this species of
curiosity. The following is the answer of Dr.
Oliver Wendell Holmes, of Boston, to the re
quest that he should be funny “ over his own
signature” for this speoial occasion :
Boston, Deoember 14, 1863.
Dear Sir: —You ask me for a list of ques
tions in Natural History, with answers sub
joined, for the use of the instructor. I sub
mit a few which,'l think, will serve your
purpose for the proposed examination of the
“1. What animal produoes one of its own
“ Answer.—The beaver, which is well known
to construct its own dam.
“2. Is the Dodo extinct?
“ Ans. It is not, as shown by the following
bill in my possession:
««Mr. to X . Dr.
One mongrel goose $3 00
One do. do 300
MRS. ROBERT M. HOOPER, MISS SARAH F. CUYLER,
MRS. E. S. RANDOLPH, MISS ANNA M. LEA,
MRS. WILLIAM S. PHILLIPS, MISS GRACE KIERNAN.
MRS. THOMAS P. JAMES, MISS LAURA HOOPER,
MRS. PHEBB M. CLAPP, MISS DELIMA BLAIS.
“ 3. What is the largest quadruped ?
“Alls. mole of Adrian.
“4. What is the lightest quadruped?
“ Ans. The lynx. The lynx weighs less than
“5. When does a horse stand on six legs?
“Ans. When he stands on his fore legs and
his two hind legs also.
“ 6. What other insect is the bee afraid of?
“ Ans. The beetle—(scare-a bee-us.)
“ 7. Is the otter of roses obtained from that
animal when fed on other vegetables—cabbages
for instanoc ?
“Ans. Probably. The musk deer furnishes
his perfume when fed on water melons.
“8. What instance can you give of the
cunning of serpents ?
“Ans. The simple fact that they seorete
their venom where they can find it when
“9. Why do the above questions amuse you
more than the answers ?
“Ans. Because the person who asks the
question is the querist.
“ As to the other questions about which you
ask my opinion, my answer must be brief.
“ Eighteen hours’ study out of the twenty
four is too much, I think, for delicate young
persons. It does not allow sufficient time for
sleep, recreation, and meals.
“ I doubt about the introduction of capital
punishment as a part of the ordinary college
discipline. It will have a good effeot on the
survivors, no doubt.
There was a “ Committee on Trees,” whose
business it was to dress Christmas trees, and
large numbers of them, we need hardly say,
were disposed of. There was a Horticultural
Department, and it was filled with flowers and
plants from various parts of the State. There
“Oliver Wendell Holmes.”