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tiiiT time,' Ntew iiLooiiFi a'. 6cix)Mii! 23', ! id77.
PHILADELPHIA AND READING R. R.
ARRANGEMENT OF PARSKNQEH TftAIJSHi
Atigutt IBtli, 1877.
TRAINS LEAVE IJAHRlRnrjRO AB FOLLOWS
For New York, at &.20, 8.10 a. m. 8.67p. n
lid 7.M p. m.
For I'lilladalphla, lit 5.20, B.10, (US a.m. nd
and 8.57 i, in. .
For Hnsdtng, at 6.20, 8.10, 8.4C a. m. and 100
8.67 and T.fA. . . .
For l'ottsvlllo at (1.20. 8.10 a. m., and 8.R7
p. in., and Tla Schuylkill and Buiciuehauua
branch at 8.40 p. in.
For Aohnni via 8. & II. Br. at 5.10 a. in.
For Aljentown, ato.20, 8.10. in., and at 8.00,
8.57 and 7.65 p. in. .
The 8.20, H.IOa. m 8.57 and 1M p. m., train
have through cam for New York.
Tha A.2ii,ii.lo a. m.. and 8.HU p. m. trains hare
through cars for l'hiladtilphla. ,
For Nw York, at .ao a. iii.
For Allentown and Wav Ktatlon at 8 20a.m.
For Roadlng, 1'ulladelphla and Way titatloniat
1.4! p. m.
TRAINS FOR II ARIUHtUJKG, LEAVE A8 FOL
Leave New York, at 8.45 a. m., 1.00, 6.0and
Leave l'hlladnlphla, at 9.15 a. m. 8.40, and
7.20 p. in.
Leave Reading, at tl.40, 7.40, 11.20 a. m. 1.80,
8.15 and Hi. : p. m.
Lcavo l'oltavlllu, at 6.10, 9.1S a.m. and 4.85
And via Schuylkill aiidSuqiioliaiina Branch at
8.15 a. m.
Leave Auburn viafl. Mi H. Br. at 12 nnon.
Leave Alleiilowu, at R30 5,60, 8.66a. in., 12.16,
4.30 and tt.o p. in.
HUM) AYS I
Leave New York. at.Vllo p. m.
Leave Philadelphia, at 7.20 p. m.
Leave Rending, at 4.40, 7.40, a. m. and 10.85
Leave Alletitown, nt2 .in n. m., and 9.05 p. m.
,1. K. WOOTKN, uen. Manager.
O. Q. Hancock, General Ticket Agent.
Hons not run on Mondays. ,
Via Morris and Essex K R.
Pennsylvania It. 11. Time Tnble.
On and after Monday, June 25th, 1877, Pas
senger traiuswlU run as follows:
Mimintown Aeo. 7.82 a. in., dally except Sunday.
Johnstown Kx. 12.22 P. M.. dally " Hunday
Mall 6.54 P. m., dally exeeptSiindai
Atlantic Express, 9.51p.m., flag, dally.
Way Pass. 9.08 A. M., dally.
Mall 2.43 p. m. dally exoeptRund j.
Mimintown Aco. 6.65 p. M . dally except H'i!:;iay.
Pittsburgh Express, 11.87P. M.,(Flag)datly, ex
Pacdlc Express, 5.17 a. m., dally (flag)
Trains are now run by Philadelphia time, which
Is 13 minutes faster than Altoona time, and i min
utes slower tliau New York time.
J.J. BARCLAY, Agent.
. DUNOANNON STATION.
On and after Monday, June 35th, 1877, trains
wlllleave Duucannon, as follows :
Mimintown Aco. dally except Sunday at 8.12 A. M.
Johnstown Ex. 12.6SP. M., dally except Sunday.
Mall 7.30 P. M " "
Atlantlo Express 10.20 P. M., dally (flag)
Way Passenger, 8.38 A.M. .daily
Mall. 2.00 P. M, datlyexceptSunday.
Mimintown Acc. dally except Sunday at 6.10 p.m.
Pittsburg Ex. dally except Sunday (flag) ll.SSp. u.
- WM. O. KINtt Agent.
F. QU1GLEY & CO.,
Would respectfully Inform the publlo that they
bave opened a new
Id Bloomtleld, on Carlisle Street, two doors North
of the Foundry, where they will manufacture
HARNESS OF ALL KINDS,
Saddles, Bridles, Collars,
and every thing usually kept In a rlrst class es
tablishment. Give us a call before going else
where. 4- FINE HARNESS a speciality.
REPAIRING done on short notice and at rea
' - HIDES taken Id exchange for work.
D. F. QUIGLEY & CO.
Bloomtleld, January 0, 1877.
Is the BEST and MOST ECONOMICAL In the
Is perfectly PURE free from acids and other for
eign substances that Injure Linen.
Is STRONGER than any other requiring much
less quantity in using.
Is UNIFORM stiffens aud finishes work always
Kingsford's Oswego Corn Starch.
Is the most delicious of all preparations for
Puddings, Blanc-Mange, Lake, Etc.
Fee Reduced. Entire Cost $55.
Patent Ofllce Fee 8.15 In advance, balance 120
within 6 months after patent allowed. Advice
and examination free. Patents Sold.
19-3m Washington, D. C.
enn AGENTS WANTED to canvass for a
JUU okand pictukb, 22x28 Inches, entitled
"Tub Ii.ia!trtro Loan's Pkaveb." Agents
are meeting with great success.
For particulars, address
H. M. C1UDEK, Publisher,
48 ly York. Pa.
The undersigned has removed his
Leather and Harness Store ,
from Front to High street, near the Penn'a.,
Freight Depot, where he will have on baud, aud
will sell at .
Leather and Harness of all kinds. Having good
workmen, amr by buying at the lowest cash
prices. I fear no competition.
Market prices puid In cash for Bark, nides and
Skins. Thankful for past favors, 1 solicit a con
tinuance of the same.
P. 8. Illaukets, Robes, and 8hoe findings made
JOS. M. HAWLEY.
Duucannon, Julylfl. 1876. tf
"TjlSTAT K N OTIC J!. Notice Is herebyglven,
Ali that letters of administration on the estate
of John Kunkle late of Marysville Boi'oiiKh.Perry
county l'enii'a . deceased, have been granted to
the undersigned residing In the same place.
All persons indebted to said estate are requested
to make Immediate payment and those having
claims to present lliein duly authenticated for est
June 12, 1877. Administrator.
How , Banks aro Defrauded.
DVrEUTlVE It. APINKEUTON
and Lis assistants have been for
month trying to hunt down the chief
of a gang of check raisers and forgers
who have been operating successfully In
various parts of the country for over a
year, and who have selected banks and
express companies almost entirely to
swindle. Their plan was simple but
very complete, and failure was almost
impossible. They worked In couples.
One would go to a bank and purchase a
draft on New York for a large amount,
usually about $1 ,500. Later, he would
purchase a draft for a very small amount,
seldom over 10. The two drafts were
then given to the " reiser," who did the
most skillful work the officers have ever
seen, and who Is supposed to bo William
II. Lyman. In a short time the small
draft was " raised" to be tins duplicate
of the large one In every particular of
numbers, amount, &o. Next, one of the
operators would go to another pluee
with the " raised" draft and send It to
New York by express for collection ; or
go to New York himself and have It
cashed through some respectable person.
Immediately after he got the money he
would telegraph words previously agreed
on to his confederates In the place where
the drafts were purchased. The latter
would go at once to the bank, and, pre
senting the raised draft, ask that the
money be refunded, giving some excuse
for not using It either that he could
not be lndentlfled In the New York
bank, and so could not collect It, or that
the business he wanted it for had ' not
been consummated, or something of the
sort. The bank officials would recog
nize him as the man who had purchased
the large draft, and give him back the
money. Of course, he would quickly
quit the place, never to be In It again.-
When, in the due course of ordinary
business, the other draft was sent back
from the New York bank to the country
bank, the forgery was discovered.
This swindle has been so successful
that the gang have realized over $40,000
by It, and it Is probable that, as new dis
coveries are made, the estimate will be
increased to a much larger amount. If
they had not used the express com
panies they probably could have con
tinued for a longer time at work. When
a collection was mode directly in a bank
that was the end of it. The bank offi
cers argued that it would cost more to
pursue the fugitives than the amount
they were swindled out of, and so quiet
ly submitted to the loss ( but the express
companies had been bitten but once or
twice before they determined to spend
all the money that was necessary to
break up the gang, and to secure the
The American Express Company
thereupon engaged Detective Plnkerton
to prosecute the Bearch, and, after unre
mitting labor, he has brought it to a
successful close. " William II. Lyman,
stenographer," has an office at 84 Park
Itow, New York, and there he was ar
rested last week by Detectives Field and
O'Connor of the District Attorney's of
fice, charged by Hnkerton with being
the leader, as well as the skillful work
man who altered and i" raised" the
drafts they used. He submitted quietly,
and had nothing to say. In his office
were found all the tools and materials
necessary for the work chemicals for
removing ink from paper, various kinds
and shades of ink, and hair pencils. Be
tween the leaves of a book were two
drafts for small amounts from a bank in
Troy, one of which had already been
touched with chemicals. They also
found split paper currency, and, most
important of all, a split United States
$5 geeenback, the sides being separated
one from the other. The Government
claims this to be impossible with the
paper now in use, in which silk and
hair are interwoven. J. C. Hogan, alias
George Brown, Lyman's supposed part
ner, and the principal " shover" of the
raised drafts, was arrested soon after his
principal was secured. He was found
in a larger beer saloon in the Bowery,
just above Bayard street. He it was
who purchased two drafts on the First
National Bank of Le Roy, New York,
and sent one through the American Ex
press from Catskill for collection. The
warrants for their arrest was granted by
Justice Russell, on complaint of James
Fargo of the express company. They
were arraigned before Justice Flammer,
in the Tombs Police Court, and commit
ted to the Fourteenth police precinct
station for the night, previous to being
surrendered to officers who will take
them to Catskill, but their counsel says
he will have them before a Supreme
Court Judge on a writ of habeas corpus.
J. C. Hogau made his first appearance
in Le Roy, New- York, in the latter part
of August, lie acted like a business
man, aud, after a little time, one day en
tered the First National Bank and pur
chased a draft on New Yoik to his own
order for $1,450. An hour or two later
he purchased another draft on New
York for $ 10, payablo to J. C. IIoey,and
still later he got another for $s, payable
to the order of John Hogan. The drafts
were all made payable In the Importers'
and Traders' Bank, in Now, York, On
Bept. 8, Jonas Plerson, proprietor of a
hotel In Catskill, was astonished by re
ceiving per express a package contalntug
$d00, directed In his care to J. C. Hogan.
Naturally cautious, he directed his clerk
not to deliver the package unless the
man calling was fully Identified. On the
the 5th, a hum arrived who railed him
self J. C. Hogan. ' He asked If there
were any letters for him. Two were
handed to him, which he opened and
read. He then Inquired the way to the
express ofllce. The clerk asked If he
expected anything, and he answered,
" Yes, a money package." The clerk
said the package had arrived, but told
him of his Instructions, on which Hogan
showed the receipt given by the express
company when the money was delivered
to be forwarded.and Bald ho had received
it In a letter. He also said he was In no
hurry for the money, and it might be
left In the safe for him until he called
for It. This, of course, deceived the
clerk. Hogan tliou went to the express
ofllce and deposited a draft for $l,4fit) for
collection. This, it was afterward dis
covered, was altered from the one given
by the Le Roy bank for $h, payable to
John Hogan. This was the transaction
that got both Hogan and Lyman Into
Other members of the saule gung were
as expert. On June 20th, a man calling
himself William Brown purchased in
Bridgeport a draft to his own order for
$1,450 drawn on the Importers' and
Traders' Bank of New York. The next
day a stranger appeared In Railway, N.
J., and introduced himself to thecashler
of the bank of that place, saying he In
tended going in business there, and
wished to open an account. He depos
ited 1400 In bills and two small drafts,
which were paid on presentation. A
day or two later he deposited a draft for
collection for $1,450 on the Importers'
and Traders' Bank of New York. Mr.
Fuller, the cashier, did not know the
man, and out of ordinary caution wrote
to the Importers' and Traders' Bank,
telling how it was received from a
stranger. The latter bank telegraphed
to Bridgeport, asking if the draft was
correct,and the answer came back, 'Yes.'
To make sure, they sent it on by mall,
and the Bridgeport bank sent it back,
'It's all right."
On the next morning Wm. Brown
presented the Bridgeport bank the gen
uine draft, and asked to have his money
refunded. The officers knowing they
had mailed back to New York a similar
draft only the night before, suspected
sometlilng wrong, and telegraphed the
Importers' and Traders' Bank to arrest
the man in Rahway ; but it was too
late, for he had disappeared. Police Ser
geant Wright of Rahway, was in Jer
Bey City that day, and he heard that
Brown was wanted. On his way home
he saw him on the train. Brown soon
saw that he was watched, and in Eliza
beth he jumped off the train. Wright
quickly followed.and, after a iong chase,
found him hidden under a- barn in an
open field. He turned his prisoner over
to Chief of Police Kerns, of Elizabeth,
and on searching him, Brown's Bank
book was found in his pocket.
Ills true name proved to be Henry
Warner ,and he lived with a man named
Johnson, at 85 Sixth avenue, Brooklyn.
Chief Kerns and Chief Campbell, of
Brooklyn found in his rooms a complete
set of tools, a press, dies, and everything
necessary for counterfeiting, also the
Impress of a $5 bill made in rubber.
In Bridgeport an effort was made on
the First National Bank, but it proved
unsuccessful. A man calling himself
Frank J. Saxton purchased a draft June
28th for $000. On July 7th he purchased
another for $12.25, and on the 13th he
came in to buy one for $1,200. For some
unexplained reason the cashier became
suspiclouB,and made out the $1,200 draft
in red ink. He also cut the number out.
In this condition the draft was useless
for "raising" purposes, and though
Saxtctti took it away, he brought It back
in a few days, and asked to have his
money refunded. The $000 draft was
collected through the First National
Bank of Glovcrsvllle, New York, but
the smaller one was never heard from.
These are but a few of the swindles by
this gang. Others are known to the
police, and it Is supposed that, as the
participants are now under arrest, many
more will be soon brought to light.
How " Stone-Coal" Came to be Discovered.
THE MINE or what twenty-five
years afterward became the mine
from which the first anthracite coal was
shipped direct to New Yark, was dis
covered in 1804, where this city now
stands, by Samuel Preston, son of a
former mayor of Philadelphia. Mr. Pres
ton was a Quaker1, and had emigrated to
Wayne county, Pa'. He was a surveyor,
and was running an "exploration line"
from the northeast corner of the State
to Meshoppen. He did not attempt to
make any capital out of the discovery,
for all efforts that had been made to In
troduce stone coat up to that time lad
resulted disastrously. ' , '
I Ten years afterwariljiowcvef, Maurice
Wurts having secured possession of the
land on which the discovery had been
made, Mr. Preston told him that the
coal was there. At the time of Mr.
Preston's discovery theexcltementabout
stone'eoal and Its future was Just mak
ing Itself apparent. General Ignorance
prevailed regarding Its qualities, how
ever, and as the forests afforded abund
ant material for fuel, and for making
charcoal for the use of blacksmiths and
other artisans, the people did not have .
any Inclination to Investigate the stories
about the unknbwu stone coal,
The first use of anthracite coal as a
generator of heat known to have been
made was by a blacksmith named Oba
dlah Gore, In his forge at the Wyoming
settlement, In 1700. Tradition says that
in 1750 a party of Indians desiring a
gun-smith, who lived at Nazareth, to
repair their guns, and he telling them
that he waB out of charcoal and they
would be compelled to wait Beveral
weeks until he burned somo, borrowed a
bag from him and disappeared in the
forest. In a few hours they returned
with the bag filledlwlth " black stoneB,"
which they, to the smith's great sur
prise, " caused to ignite In the forgo, and
create so Intense a fire that ho was aide
to repair the guns with great quick
ness." The Indians refused to tell
whence they procured the mysterious
fuel. The few natives who remained in
the Wyoming Valley when the white
settlers came Into it knew where there
were deposits of this fuel, and Oba
dlah Gore, making good friends with
them, worked their Becret unto himself,
learned the whereabouts of these "black
stones," and after many fruitless efforts
succeeded In utilizing them in his forge.
He taught other smiths the manner of
Its use, and news of the fact gradually
extended into the more remote settle
ments and to the city of Philadelphia.
In 1773 the Proprietary government sent
two Durham boats boats used In trans
porting goods on the Delaware river ,and
named from the place where they were
made up the Susquehanna river to ob
tain coal for use in the forges, where
government fire arms were made. The
boats were looded below where Plttston
now stands and were run to Harris'
Ferry, since Harrlsburg, where the coal
was transferred to wagons and carted to
Carlisle. This was the first shipment of
anthracite coal. The successful use that
was made of It, and the great benefit It
had been to the local artisans of the
Wyoming region, it would seem would
at once have mado Its value apparent to
the manufacturing interests of the coun
try as well as to the public at large ; but
it required the outlay of vast sums of
money and a bitter struggle of nearly
half a century with prejudice, Ignorance
and ridicule, before the claims of anthra
cite coal were recognized, and It came
forward to cause the greatest commercial
and lndustrlul revolution the world ever
A Woman't Duplicity.
THfc ban trancisco Mail Bays: Two
1 years ago a young man named Jas.
Halstead came from one of the New
England States to this city. He brought
a few hundred dollars with him, and for
somo weeks after his arrival went from
office to office In search of employment.
The only friend he mado here to whom
he told any of his history was an old
negro laundress, who was acquainted
with some of his people in the East,
Halstead disappeared suddenly, leaving
with this woman a small trunk and a
package of papers. Last week a lady
called on this old laundress, who lives
on Broadway, near the corner of Powell
street, and Said she was Halstead's sister,
and had been directed by him to call for
the trunk and papers. Mrs. Williams
handed over the trunk and the package,
believing the lady's representations to
Yesterday Halstead walked into the
bouse, and greeting her in a friendly
manner, stated that he had Just return
ed from the Sandwich Islands, where he
had been fortunate enough to make
money. Mrs. Williams told him that his
sister had come to see her, and that she
had turned over the trunk and papers to
her. He appeared to be very much dis
turbed at this, telling Mrs. Williams
that this woman, instead of being his
sister, was his step-mofher, and was the
cause of his leaving the East. He then
told her the, following singular story,
which she communicated to the Mail re
His father was a wealthy merchant of
Lowell, Mass., and when James left
school he was given the position of head
book-keeper in his office. His mother
had died when he was very young, and
a distant relative of his took the place
as housekeeper in his futher's establish
ment. She was young and attractive,
and bCtwcen James Halstead and her
self an attachment sprung up. The old
gentleman did not seem to regard this
favorably, and finally sent his son to
another part of the State, to act there as
agent of the firm. James corresponded
with nls sweet-heart, and ' once or twice
visited her secretly In Lowell. And now
camo,a great surprise.) v ( ' t
. James Halstead received a letter from
his father enclosing him several hun
dred dollars and making a terrible charge
that he had been uttering forged chocks,
and signing his father's name. The
young man went indignantly to Inquire
into this most unexpected accusation
and was confounded to And his hand
writing so closely imitated that h re
solved to leave and wait for time to clear
this mystery up., Since then he learned
that his finances was the guilty party.
After he came to California he received
a newspaper containing an account of
his father's marriage to this false and
dishonest woman. All her letters he
retained, scores of which were of a na
ture to fasten the suspicion of the for
gery upon her, letters In which she im
plored hi in to return to her, slating that
she hud money enough for both, and
that she was willing to accompany him
to any part of the globe. Theso letters
she had traveled to California to obtain .
Halstead lias taken the advice of a
prominent lawyer of this city on the
muller, and Is going home to endeavor
to vindicate his reputation, and expose
the woman who has ruined him.
The Deacon's Swill Barrel.
i Just outside the houso stood father,
the deacon, tugging away with a lump
of Ice In the swill barrel. '
"Bad business, that," said I, resting
my hands on my sides.
" Not half so bad as It might o' been,"
was the reply, as he lifted the cake of
Ice by a stout stick that had frozed in
the swill. i
" Many an' and many a bar'l has busted
for me that wouldn't If this knowledge
had came to me Booner," said he.
U You see, when this cold snap came on
suddenly, I thought of the swill bar'l
away In the night and. " Well, It can't
be helped now. It happened, however,
that the stick I stir with was left poked
down In the swill, and that was all that
saved it. A bar'l or a tub or a pail may
freeze up solid, and if a Btlck has beer
put in the water, the vessel can't burst.
But It took me a good while to find It
out; lived seventy years, before I knew
It," and his eyes twinkled knowingly.
" Why, that's on the same plan," said
I, " of putting a spoon in a glass Jar
when you are canning fruit; if you do,
that Jar won't break."
" Same philosophy, exactly," said her
as he gave the ball of ice a kick and)
sent It rolling off down the hill.
Wonderful If True.
A Masonic lodge In Indiana was pre
sided over by a Master who had an ex
aggerated notion of discipline. One ,
night he met his lodge in called meeting
(not a member absent) to Instruct them
in the work. Teachlnir them the lisp nf
the gavel, he had Just called them up
with three knocks, when he leaned too?
far back, fell through a window to the'
ground four( stories and broke his
neck. Picked up next morning he was
burled decently,.but not a Mason came
to the funeral. More strange still, not
a Mason appeared any more in that vil
lage. It was inexplicable. Forty women
left widows, two hundred and twenty
children left orphans, eighty-four mer
chants left in the lurch with unpaid
Twenty years after that, somebody
went up into the fourth story, broke
open the door and beheld the lodge, a
lodge of skeletons! Strange, but true,
they had strictly obeyed the orders of
the W. and waiting for the knocks
to seat them, starved to death. Each
was standing In an attitude of respect
ful attention, " looking to the east, ''and
had no pitying citizens taken tbem
down they would have been standing
Naming a Bull.
There Is an incident connected with
the recent visit of Henry Ward Beecher,
which the folks at the White House, up
to this time, have kept to themselves ;
but, too good for secrecy, it has leaked
out. It appears that when the dominie
besought Hayes to retain the collector of
Internal Revenue In Brooklyn, there
was present in the executive office aa
ex-Congressman, from North Carolina,'
named Smith. The President presented
the somewhat uncouth statesman to Mr.
" Beecher, Beecher," said Smith, "not
Henry Ward Beecher ?"
" The self-same," replied ecclesiastical
" Well, I do declare," exclaimed
Smith, "I am glad to see you. I never
saw you before, but I have read all
about you. I appreciate you. Why,
sir, do you know that I named my
most promising Jersey bull after you ?"
This explosive announcement created
an effect which even the usual gravity
of Hayes could not overcome. He in
wntimmtly broke out in laughter, ( in
which, although Beecher Joined, no one
soeaied to think he quite relished it.