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THE TIMES, NEW BLUOMilELti, TA., 'OCTOBER 10, 1877.
PHILADELPHIA AND READING R. R.
ARRANGEMENT OF PA8RKNGEH TRAINS.
Atigitftt IBtTi, 1877.
TKAINS LEAVE IIARRISDCHG AS FOLtOWB
For New York. at 8.20, B.10 a. m. 8.07p. m.,
nil 7.M p. m.
Kr riiirdelphln. at 5.20, S.10, 8.48 a.m. d
and 8.87 p. tn. . ...
Fur Headline, at 6.20, 8.10, 9.48a. III. and 100
S.67 and 7.8ft. , .
For Pottsvllle at 8.20. MO a. m.. an4 8.67
B. in., and tla Hohuylklll and Susquehanna
ranch at 1.40 p. m.
For Auburn via B. & ft Br. at 8.10 a. In.
For Allentown,at6.zo, 8.10 a. m., and at .00,
3.57 and 7.65 p. in. . . .
The 8.20, s.foa. m., 3.1ft and m7b! p. m., trains
have through cars for New Vork.
The 8.20, 8.10 a.m.. and 2.00 p.m., trains hare
through cars for Philadelphia.
Pot New York, at 6.20 a. m.
For Allentown and Wav twatlotis at 8 20 a.m.
' For Heading, Philadelphlasuid Way dtatlonsat
1.45 p. in.
TKAINS FOR HARKISW'tMl, LEAVE A8 KOL
Leave New York, at 8.46 a. in., 1.00, 6. tun ml
7.45 p in.
Leave Philadelphia, at 9.15 a. in. .1.40, mid
7.20 p. in.
Leave Heading, at t.40, T.40, 11.20 a. in. 1.3H.
0.15 and lo. as p. ni.
Leave Pottsvllle, at fl.lfl, 9.15 a.m. ami 4.35
And via Suhuylkill and Susquehanna nraii"lt at
8.15 a. in.
Leave Auburn vtaS. H. Or. ut 12 noon.
Leave Allentown. at ti.39 5.60, 8.66 a.m.. 12 IP.
4.30 and 9.U p. in.
Leave New York, at 3.30 p. in.
Leave Philadelphia, at 7.20 p. m.
Leave Heading, ut 4.40, 7.40, a. m. and 10 35
p. m .
Leave Alleutown. ni2 .tn a. in., and 9.05 p. m.
,1. K. WOOTKN, Hen. Manager.
C. O. Harcock, General Ticket Agelif.
tDncs not run on Mondays.
V la Morris and Essex It. U.
Pennsylvania It. It. Time Table.
NEWPORT STATION. ,
On and after Monday, June 25th, 1877, Pas
senger tralDBwlll run as follows i
Mlflllntown Aeo. 7.32 a. m., dally except Sunday.
Johnstown Ex. 12.22 p. M., dally " Hunday
Mail 6.64 P. M., daily exceptSundaj
Atlantic Express, 9.51p.m., flag, dally.
Way Pass. 9.08 A. m., daily,
Mall 2.43 P. m. dally exeeptSunday.
Millllntown Ace. 6.55 P. M. datlyexcept Sunday.
Pittsburgh Express, 11.67P. M., (Flag) daily, ex-
Pacltlo Express, 8.17 a.m., dally (flag)
Trains are now run by Philadelphia time, which
is 13 minutes faster than Altoona time, and t mlu.
utes slower than New York time.
J. i. BARCLAY, Agent.
On and after Monday, June 2Wi, 1877,tralus
will leave Duucannon, as follows:
Mlflllntown Aoo. daily eyt Sunday at 8.12 a. m.
Johnstown Ex. 12.5 3 P. h., daily except Sunday.
Mail 7.30 P. M " " "
Atlantic Express 10.20 p. u., dally (flag)
Way Passenger, 8.J8 . v., dally
Mail, 2.09 p. m dailyexceptSunday.
Millllntown Acc. dailyexceptSunday at 6.1AP.M,
Pittsburg Ex. daily except Sunday (flag) 11.33P. M.
WM. O. KINO Agent.
Would respectfully inform the publio that they
have opened a new
in Bloomlield. on Carlisle Street, two doors North
of the Foundry, where they will manufacture
HARNESS OF ALL KINDS,
SntMles, Bridles, Collars,
and every thing usually kept In a llrstclass es
tablbhuieut. Give us a call before gulug else
where. ta. FINE HARNESS a speciality.
V REPAIRING done ou short notice aud at rea
- tollable prices.
r HIDES taken in exchange for work.
D. F. QUIGLEY CO.
Bloomlield, January 9.J877;
Is the BEST and MOST ECONOMICAL in the
Is perfectly PURE free from acids and other for
elgu substances that Inline Linen.
Is STRONGER than any other requiring much
less quantity In using.
Is UNIFORM stiffens and finishes work always
Singsford's Oswego Corn Starch .
Is the most delicious ni all preparations for
Puddings Uluuc-Mauge, Cake, Etc.
Tee Reduced. Entire Cost $55.
Patent Office Fee : In advance, balance 120
within 0 months after natent allowed. Advice
aud examination free. 1'aleuts Hold.
19-3m Washington, D. O.
Kfin AGENTS WANTED to canvass for a
UUU ghani) pin'VKE. 22x28 Indies, entitled
"TUB lLLl'STKATBD l.OUll'S PR.IYEH." AgelltS
are meeting with great success.
For particulars, address
H. M. CKIDER, Publisher,
48 ly York. Pa.
The underslzned has removed his
Leather and Harness Store
from Front to High street, near the Penn'a.,
Freight Depitt, where he will have on hand, and
l REDUCED PRICES,
Leather and Harness uf all kinds. Having good
workmen, inud by buying at the lowest cath
price. I fear no competition.
Market prices paid In cash for Bark. Hides and
Skins. Thankful for past favors, 1 solicit a con
tlnuance of the same.
P. H. Blankets, Uoles. and Shoe findings made
.speciality. JOS. M. HAWLEY.
Dunrannnn, Julylf. 1870. tf
STAT K. NOT 1 'K. Notice is herebyglveu.
Vj flint letters i.f nilmlnistrnllon on the estate
of John Kiiiikla laleof Marysvllle Hnroutih, Perry
comily Penn'a . deceased, have been planted to
me undersigned residing In the same place.
All persons indented to said estate are requested
tn make Immediate pavment and those having
claims to present them duly authenticated for set
jHiieli, 1ST7. Administrator.
How Arnold Escaped Capture.
IN THE summer of 1834 the writer
spent several dnya at the village of
Owensville, In Kentucky,near the Lick
lug Illver. While there he engaged In
conversation with an old gentleman who
had Jived more than fifty years In that
region, touching the romantic, incidents
of Kentucky's early history, and partic
ularly the thrilling scenes once enacted
along the valley of the Licking IUver.
In the course of conversation the gen
tleman stated that When a young man
he had frequently seen the grave of Ser
geant Chum pe, the hero of the romantic
attempt to capture Arnold after his trea
son, which he said waB in a cultivated
field, near the pike, about midway be
tween Owensville and Carlisle. A solita
ry tree then marked the spot, but subse
quently the tree disappeared, whether
by decay or the woodman's ax, he did
not know, and the spot where the gal
lant soldier sleeps can no longer be iden
tified. For forty years, said our infor
mant, the plow haB passed to and fro
over his grave, and for forty summers
lias the reaper gathered the harvest
above it, until now the fact that such a
grave exists 1b hardly known to the hon
est farmer who owns the soil, and drives
his shining share above the neglected
The story of Sergeant Champe's ro
mantic and daring adventure Is full of
Interest. H1b name was John Champe,
a native of Louden county, Virginia,
and a member of Henry Lee's cavalry,
known as the "Lee Legion." Lee In
his " Memoirs of the Revolution," de
scribes him as twenty-four years old,
rather above the common size, full of
bone and muscle, of tried courage, and
In 1780 the treason of Arnold created
the utmost consternation throughout
the colonies. This feeling was soon suc
ceeded by an intense desire to obtain
possession of the person of the traitor,
that he might be made to suffer the pen
alty of his perfidy. An offer to exchange
Andre for Arnold having been refused
by Sir Henry Clinton, Washington set
about devising some'means whereby the
great criminal could be captured and
properly punished. He had learned that
Arnold was stopping at a private house
in New York, that he was seemlDgly
apprehensive 6f no danger, and passed
to and fro without guard or attendance.
Hence he conceived the idea of intro
ducing a spy into the service, to seize
and bring him within the American
Having formed his plan, he sent for
Major Henry Lee, the commander of the
Lee Legion, the most brilliant cavalry
force of the army, and laid it before
him. Arnold had Just Issued his proc
lamation inviting desertion from the
patriot army, advising the deserters to
come to New York and join the Ameri
can Legion, which he had been commis
sioned to organize. Washington's sug
gustlon was that one of Lee's most reli
able men should feign desertion, Join
Arnold, and with the aid of the patriots
in New York city, seize and grig him,
and bring him into the American lines
before he could give the alarm. After
explulnlng the plan to Major Lee, Wash
ington asked if he knew any man in his
regiment whom he could implicitly
trust with the delicate mission. Lee in
stantly suggested Champe. He was
sent for, and the matter laid before him.
After some hesitation he consented, and
the instructions which were to be his
general guide, and which had already
been prepared by Washington, were read
over to him Beveral times, until be had
committed to memory their general im
port. He was furnished with lettera to
two persona in New York, who had pre
viously been acting in the confidence of
Washington. One of these was to a Mr.
Baldwin, who was promised one hun
dred guineas, five hundred acres of laud,
and three negroes, if the plan was suc
cessfully carried out.
It was important that the desertion
should have all the appearance of being
genuine, aud Champe had to assume all
the hazards a real deserter would have
experienced; the only indulgence he
could expect was that when hia depart
ure should be discovered Major Lee
would delay as much as possible. When
we consider the great alarm that existed
in the American lines by reason of the
recent treachery of a once trusted com
mander, and how carefully every ave
nue of communication with the enemy
was guarded, we can form some idea of
the danger the gallant soldier, had en
countered. It was arranged that Champe, should
take his flight the next night. Accord
ingly, about 11 o'clock, hequietly mount
ed his horse, took u small supply of mon
ey and his orderly book, and cautiously
leaving the camp, rode rapidly out in
the darkness. He wus soon met by one
of the pickets, and when challenged put
spur9 to his horse, and dashed swiftly
away In the direction' of the enemy's
lines. The fact was Immediately report
ed to the officer on duty,Captain Carnes,
and he hastened to Major Lee to ac
quaint him of the circumstance. Lee,
who had Just retired, suspected the of
fleer's errand, and desiring to give
Chan pe aa much time as possible, pre
tended great fatigue ani drowr.lneB,and
it was some time before Captain Carnes
could make him understand his busi
ness. When finally roused, ho scouted
the idea of any of bis command desert
ing, pointing out the fact that only once
during the war had such an event hap
pened, and Insisted that the picket had
mistaken a contryman for a deserter.
To determine thla fact, Captain Carnes
retired and had the whole command
"mustered," when Champe was missed.
This was reported to Lee, when he order
ed a detachment to prepare forimmedate
pursuit; but by various pretexts he de
layed the starting of the pursuing party
until Champe had an hour and thirty
minutes the start. He then gave orders
that if taken he was on no account to be
harmed, as he wished to make an exam
ple of him before the whole command.
When once commenced, the pursuit
was vigorous. The moon had now risen ,
the roud was tolerably clear, and the
troopers flew like the wind after the fu
gitive. Ills course was easily traced, as
several countrymen were met who had
passed him but a short time before.
They thus knew they were gaining up
on him, his horse Imving been lamed
when he first started and was now trav
elling with difficulty.
Ascending a hill at sunrise, they sud
denly saw the object of pursuit about
half a mile In advance. He discovered
his pursuers about the same time, and
despairing of reaching Paulus Hook,
now Jersey City.ln which were two Eng
lish sloops at anchor. When he reached
the bank his pursuers were but a few
yards behind, and their scattering shots
fell thickly around him. Springing
from his horse, and divesting himself of
his heaviest clothing, he plunged into
the stream, calling loudly to the men on
the British vessels for aid. A hundred
shots were fired at him, but a boat im
mediately put off from one of the near
est vessels, and he was picked up, and the
nextday forwarded to New York, with a
detailed account of his gallant and per
ilous achievement. Lee publicly ex
pressed himself chagrined at the escape,
but was at heart delighted that the plan
hod so far worked well.
On his arrival at New York, Champe
at once enlisted in Arnold's Legion,, and
became a diligent student of his habits
and movements. He ascertained that it
was Arnold's custom to return to his
quarters about midnight, and that previ
oub to retiring lie usually went into the
garden which joined the house on the
right. Running from the rear of the
garden out into the street was a dark al
ley, which fact was considered highly
favorable to the scheme.
As soon as he learned this, Champe
communicated to his two accomplices,
and arranged on a certain night the seiz
ure should be attempted by two of them,
while the third Bhould have a boat ' In
readiness at the river, only two blocks
distant, in order to convey him outside
the British lines.
Every thing promised success, and
Champe, In high spirits, wrote to Major
Lee, informing him that hesbould make
the attempt on the 5th of November, and
desired blm to have a strong force at Ho
boken to receive and safely conduct the
Champe and hla companion were to
conceal themselves in the shrubbery,
and when Arnold entered, which It was
expected he would do about midnight,
they were to seize, overpower, and gag
him before he could give the slightest
alarm. Then, taking him by each arm,
they were to hurry him from the garden
into the alley, thence by unfrequented
streets to the river,, aud on board the
boat, when the . difficulties would be
over. If observed or accosted, they were
to state that they were takinga drunken
soldier to the guard-house and thus allay
On the'nlght designated Major Lee,
with a strong detachment, arrived at
the appointed rendezvous in the woods
at Hoboken, and breathless with expec
tlon and anxiety, waited the Issue of the
bold adventure. Hour after hour passed
in painful euspense, and the dawn at
last came, but no tidings were received
from Champe. Major Lee was there
fore forced to conclude that they had
failed, and were perhaps prisoners await
ing certain death. With these unpleas
ant reflections he retraced hla ateps to
the American camp.
Nothing was heard from Champe or
his companion for nearly a week, when
a letter was received explaining the
cause of the failure. It seems that Ar
nold's American Legion, to which
Champe belonged, was unexpectedly
ordered to Virginia, and on the night
fixed upon for the capture, he found
himself on board a British transport in
the Hudson. ,
In all probability Arnold waa thus
6aved, for had he been taken he would
have perished on the Identical gallows
ou which the- unhappy Andre gave up
his young life; and such were the
completeness of the measures taken
for hla capture that a failure could
hardly have occurred.
Nothing more was heard of Champe
until the next spring, when Major Lee
was with his command in the Carolina,
when, one morning he suddenly made
hlB aptearance In camp.
His story was soon told. He had
waited long for an opportunity to escape
and had then traveled hundreds of miles
through Virginia, North and South Car
olina, meeting with perils and privations
at every turn, until he finally heard
that his old command was in his vicini
ty, when he hastened to Join them.
For fear that he might, in the viclssi
hides or war, fall Into the hands of the
British, when he certainly would have
been hung, he was discharged from ser
vice, with a munificent pecuniary re
ward for his daring enterprise.
When In 170S, Washington was again
appointed commander-in-chief of the
armies In expectation of a war with
France, he wrote to Major Lee to learn
Chnmpe'a residence, Intending to offer
him a captain's commission.
On inquiry it was found he had re
moved to Kentucky some years before,
and died In 1700. Of his lost resting
place we have spoken in the early part
of this sketch.
Anomalies of English Spelling.
ONE of the principal difficulties In
learning the English language is the
inexplicable manner in which most of
the words are spelled, the twenty-six
letters of the alphabet vying with each
other to represent the forty or forty-two
sounds of the lungunge in the most
bungling and disorderly manner.
Be the capacity of a child ever so
good, yet he must spend years in learn
ing these " curiosities of literature,"
while a foreigner can only master our
noble language by a vast expeuse of la
bor, patience and time.
The Protean nature of the vowel
sounds is familiar to all. A few amus
ing examples will show that the conso
nants are nearly as bad :
B makes a road broad, turns the ear
to bear, and Tom into a tomb.
C makes limb climb, hanged changed,
a lever clever, and transports a lover to
D turns a bear to beard, a crow to a
crowd and makes anger danger.
F turns lower legions to flower re
gions. O changes a son to a song and makes
one gone I
II changes eight into height.
K makes now know, and eyed keyed.
L transforms a pear into a pearl.
N turns a line into linen, a crow ton
crown and makes one none.
P metamorphoses lumber into plumber.
Q of Itself, hath no significance.
S turns even to seven, makes have
shave, and word a sword, a pear a spear,
makes slaughter of laughter, and .curi
ously changes having a hoe to shaving
a shoe I
T makes a bough, bought, turns here
there, alters one to tone, changes ether to
tether, and transforms the phrase "allow
his own," to "to tallow his town."
Wdoes well, e. g., hose are whose V
are becomes ware, on won, omen wo
men, so sow, vie view ; it makes an arm
warm, and turns a hat Into what t
Y turns fur to fury, a man to many,to
to toy, a rub to a ruby, ours to yours,
and prohpuder, a lad to a lady.
, A Lucky Gold Miner.
THE richest strike made In this coun
try for many years, and as rich per
haps aa waa ever made, we here have
the pleasure of recording. A. O. Bell,
commonly called "Pike" Bell, who,
with hia family, has lived for many
years on Ball Hill, a few miles north of
Auburn, as many know, is a dauntless
prospector. Though occasionally malt
ing a strike of some considerable import
ance in the past, has managed, like most
modern prospectors, to keep poor. Last
winter, la particular, he was in very
straitened circumstances, and, having
no money, and the merchants refusing
to credit him, he offered his only horse,
worth about $30, for $10, that he might
buy bread for his children, and falling
In hla efforts to sacrifice his horse, he
pawned a ring from his wife's finger to
obtain the necessaries of life. Day by
day he continued hia searches for the
glittering treasure, and whether the pas
sing day had revealed a color or not his
spirits were always jubilant, apparently
kept up by the hope that seemed never
to have deserted him of doing better
on the morrow. At lust the lucky day
came. ' s
It was about three weeks ago when,
hunting around over the hills, he struck
hia pick into a little mound which re
sembled somewhat In appearance an ant
hill, and to hla delight he unearthed
some pieces of decomposed quartz, at
tached to which were some colors of
gold. Encouraged at tills prospect, he
begau to sink hia new lead, and waa re
warded by finding more or less gold at
every stage of descent. Last Saturday
he had reached a depth of about thirty
feet, and had taken out in sinking that
fuf rock estimated to be worth about
$1,600.' The rock being extremely rot
ten, or what la called by quartz miners
decomposed, he had with little effort
pounded out in a mortar enough to pay
expenses as he progressed. He had
hired men to assist him in working
the mine, and on last Monday morning
they went to work as usual. The gouge
as we Would call it, as It la too rotten to
be propealy called a ledge, Was discover
ed by noon to have become suddenly
richer. In the afternoon chunks of al
most pure gold were taken out, and the
decomposed stuff that filled the Inter
stices between the rocks was so rich that
Pike began to wash It out in a pan.
From three pans full washed Monday
afternoon lie obtained gold estimated to
be worth between $4,000 and $5,000.
That evening he came Into town, and
giving us a hint of what he had got,
invited ub to go out and see it. On Tues
day afternoon, In company with Sherlfl
McCormlc, we visited the mine. We
found Bell with a pan of gold in his
hands worth from $1,000 to$l,600,whlch
he assured us all came from one pan of
dirt. "But," said he, " if you don't
believe it, I will wash another pan and
show you." We told him to wash. The
pan was sent down into the shaft and
soon returned filled with a mass of
niuddy, rocky stuff, that sparkled all
over with pieces of gold. This was
washed out and found to contain fully
aa much of the precious metal, If not
more, than the one he had Just finished
panning when we arrived. On Wed
nesday evening, Mr. Bell, (it is "Mr."
now it was Pike before) Informed us
that he had taken out $10,000 in three
pans that day ; that he had taken out,
all told, up to that time, between $30,000
and $35,000, and that he had an offer
and was about to sell for $20,000. When
asked his notion for selling, he said
he would get away with about $50,000
and that was money enough for him.
Placer (Cat.) Herald, June t.
A Yankee Trick.
Just before the Declaration of Inde
pendence, a Yankee pedlar started down
to New York to sell a lot of bowls and
dlshea he had made of maple. Jona
than traveled over the city asking every
body to buy hla wares, but no one was
disposed to purchase.
It happened that a British fleet waa
then lyiug in the harbor of New York,
and Jonathan struck upon a plan of
selling hla dishes. He got a naval unl-
r. i i 1 i i - , . .
luiLii, ujr noun, ur vy uioon ior History
doesn't tell where he got It) and strut
ted up town, one morning, asked a mer
chant if he had any nice wooden ware,
as the commodore wanted a lot for the
The merchat replied that he had none
on hand, but there waa some in town;
and if he would send in the afternoon
he would minnlv him with nlnanrp
1 l .1 - - - ;
" Very good," said our naval officers
"I will call." -
Jonathan now cut for home, by the
shortest route, and he had scarcely doffed
his borrowed plumage before down came
the merchant, who seeing that Jona
than had sold none of his wares, offered
to take the whole if he would deduct
fifteen per cent.; but Jonathan said he'd
be gol darned if he didn't take 'em home
before he'd take a cent less than hia first
The merchant finally paid him down
in gold hla price for the wooden Ware,
which laid on hia shelves for many a
long day thereafter ; and Jonathan trot
ted home in high glee at the success of
his manoeuvre, while the merchant
cursed British officers ever after.
An Indignant Subscriber.
A gentleman who came down from
Lexington on Saturday was asked how
times were in that section. He said :
" About all I have heard of lately la a
joke on an editor, who, going away, left
hla paper in charge of a minister. Dur
ing the minister's stay in hia sanctum
the following letter came from a moun
tain subscriber :
" You know well I paid my sub
scription to your paper the last time I
was in Lexington. If I get any more
such letters from you as I received last
week, I will come down to Lexington
and maul h 1 out of you !"
The minister answered :
" I have been trying to nfaul that thing
out of the editor for ten years past ; and
if you will really come down and maul
it out of him, then, my dear sir, I have
twenty members of my church I will
i also get you to operate on."
C2T The population of England in 1801
was 10,000,000. Of the United States,
4,500,000. To-day the population of
England is held at 27,000,000 and that of
the United States, 45,000,000. A more
striking example of comparative nation
al growth it would be hard te find. Our
population has increased ten-fold. That
of Great Britain two-and-aeven-teuths
in th rue-fourths of a century.