The Columbia spy. and literary register. (Columbia, Pa.) 1848-1848, October 14, 1848, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Y. B. PALXIII Is duly authorized tii.reeeive inbserip.
Mime and advertisements kw this paper. la the .eithts of
Philadelptla, New York, Bah:snore, and 8e." 2 . end
W. M pt there-foz.
Philadelphia. • .
.lacoa M. Wzrinmiissast. iotnemeer ear,
Velkusst A. Pstmcz, Travelling/Loaf.
Ozcataz Paid. No. 151, Nassau Street, New York.
Wriaksor ?souses. S. E. Corner of Baltimore and
Bomb meets, paltirnore,
'Tne" Iteremac. a very neat, spirited daily
'.has Made if appearance in Philadelphia. It adso
*toss the principles and the nominees of the Buffalo
minsentiost. Dr. Elder is the editor, and will no
Amin, make a good thing of it.,
Tem 13csunas Mats's At lIIANAC FOIL 1849.—Here
is a. work that printers will praise, for neatness,
concheatess, and as Abe medium of more interest
ing and useful information for Merchants, Menu
4itzhlechataics, and business men generally,
_than can be found elsqwhere in biz months reading.
We shall let our scissor, run riot in its rich pages,
fOr the benefit of our readers. It is compiled and
.published by V. B. Palmer, the indefatigable news
paper agent; and is funnaktedmt Ili cents, single
copy, $7 per bundrefi, and e 65 per thousand.
,117Tbe Election wentoffquietly in our borough,
and people seemed to onderstand that they were
'aimed in a duty that eeipiired no bluster or brow
beating, rickets were spilt to some extent, bat
without materially changing the rote for any can.
aids's. Oar. borough gate 47 majority for Long
.strtsth, and the county some 4300 for Johnston.
'e returns from the State are probably in the
hands of our readers, so that we shall forego their
.publication until we here them nfficially : they in.
diem a close election, With a probability of the
election of Gov. Johnston. Tremendous Whig
gains M the State.
17.3 - The 'Medical Intelligencer states, any. the
Boston Jonroal of Health, that. Imp a , Register of
the Society of Friends,or;Quakcrs;it appears as a
consequence of their temperance; that one•half of
those that are born, live to the age r'f fr.rty•seven
years ; whereas, says Dr. Frice, of the general papu.
lition of•Loctdonpone-half live only 234 years.—
• Aitdong the Quakers, one in 1.0 .arrives at 70 years
'of 'age; of the general population of Loudon, only
one in 40 Never did a more,powerful argument
support the practice of temperance and a virtuous
lETStays were first invented by a brutal butcher
of the thirteenth century, as a punishment' for his
wife. She was very loquaciuus;and finding nothing
would cure her, he put a pair of stays on her in
order to take away her breath, and so prevent her
talking. This cruel punishment was inflicted by
other husbands, till at last there was scarcely a wife
in all London who was not condemned to wear
stays. The punishinent 'became so universal at
Last, that the ladies, in their own defence, made a
fashion of it, and so it continued totho•present day.
Hora.—This predious jewel, Planted in the hu
man breast, is an evident token of the Divine favor
to his fallen children. - Were it not Tor hope, life
would become a burden, and deal helothed in dark
ness. In this life, it leads the . pour laborer on in
his wearisom toil fur a better heritage for his
ran; it sustains the merchant through all the shift
ing trials of trade ; it cheers the students of law,
of medicine, of divinity, in their pursuits; it sup
porta the mariner over miumainc wave and swelling
flood, when the storm and the , lightning arc over
and around him; it inspires the waiting wife and
mother to watch and pray for his safe return; it
leads the blushing maiden to the altar of love, and
inspires the prattling boy to deeds of juvenile
prowess. It is to the Christian an anchor to the
soul, sure and steadfast.
3:7"Poetry is the flower of literature; prose is the,
corn. potatoes, and meat ; satire is the aquafortis;
wit is the spice and pepper; love letters are the
honey and sager; letters containing remittances
are the apple dumplings.
A Mare AND AN EXAMPLAr......A Van Wormer,
a lawyer, at St. Charlee, Kane county, Illinois, was
recently tarred and feathered, and then ordered to
lerie the village, by a gang who charged him with
getting op useless lamming.
05^Accordian pianos of fine tone, beautiful finish,
and price not beyond $45, are now manufactured
in large number, at Buffalo. The manufacturer
it Weald cannot keep pace with the demand.
laThe longest day in Great Britain is 17 hours
'and 2minutes. In the United States it is only 14
LoUrs and 50 minutes. The shortest day to Great
Britain is 7 hours and 20 minutes, in the United
States it is 9 hours and 10'minutes.
lif-THlevii York city is now, second only to Lon
don and' Paris, of all the titled , 'tif Europe, L on.
don Has a Population of 2,000,000; Paris. 1,090,000 ;
7.llsiii York. over 500,000.
• 'Vie disturbances of the heart produced by wird.
der' odifortnnes affect the cutaneous m101111 . '4001
6 11110 a way as to cause the hair to turn wbiterin a
,fate boors. meet English medical ivork con.
4aliiinumerrotts exatiples of this fact.
• • 1.
„ r , Mather.” said w lad." is it wrong to break egg
osheakir •LCurtainly - not, my deer," replied the
instiOCtr;',"bitt What do you ask such silly questions
; 4 •Bewajose I hate just dropped the basket
w ith a g thongs In it," replied Abet - promising chip.
•API% Cincinnati; n third Jewish ',metope WIIII
cnoienrotall wish roloron pomp, Amid a
.52eivd , prAttendotar -
t ' litriPtartlr ri!ade are coming Tito me very repully
in Obis. PHI ere said to be earning forty per cent
pprsanum on theiroost.
la African Coffee, grown si Basta, Cove. the
~Iteisosyleania Colony, is welliog in Philadelphia an
- il<lf as twenty omit, a pound.
leersitri Pearde-.-We have beard of people
being haMilted by .. ".rs4 monkeys," tiut until the folk
lowing liete_dent eves in our midst, we
were prokwelly_knoiant upon -the. psychediites . ",
peculiarliiis of the genus Sulu, assimilating them
to the bateau race, is their posthumous fun.
Jack, every body's pet, in the upper portion of out
borough—having exhausted hi laughter.provoking
powers in the normal state known as animal life,
took it into his bead to "shuffle off this mortal i
coil," some months since; and was gathered to his
fathers 'with all due solemnity, by a sympathizing
Ijuvenile neighborhood, who having shrouded and
coned his defunct ape-ship, laid him gently down
to slecp,tuatii time should have denuded his hones,
and made him a fitting -subject tor anatomical ho
nors, and a demonstrative of simial osteology.
It happened that his master bad a " cotuin,"
who called one day lest week, and other topics
inning in interest, it was proposed to exhume poor
Tack, and ascertain bow the elements progressed
in the work of resolving him irate a lifonkey.atonty.
While they were digging far that purpose, a.
F colored friend of oars, celebrated for his polite
ness and respectable deportment, as well as his
' -
dread of snakes, chanced to pass, and curiosity led
him to inquire what was going on. Now it was
that the spirit of the dear (at any price) departed,
I t saved his mauler to reply "Why. I want to see if
there it anything in dreams: I have dreamed for
three nights in succession, that a dead child was
buried there"--ebocking down the spade with em
: pule to mark the spot. "Language Nile" du., to
describe the gravity of manner with which the
confederate jokers proceeded to investigate this
grave affair ; and the horror depicted upon the faces
of the delving dreamer, and daguerreotyped thence
upon those of his associates, when tire spade struck
with a dull funk upon the coffin lid. A few mo
ments: and the wooden jacket was torn from the
clay cold breast of the bony Jack. A glance was
enough, and he of the tawny cheek and dusky
brow, pronounced it "a nigger baby! sure."
A consultation was held, and it was at, first de.
: eided to keep the matter durk; but the "sober
second thought"' 'convinced all parties that it was
better to make it public—lest some future dreamer
should be induced to violate Jack's tomb, and perhaps
let out the secret which three were enough to keep.
As soon as this was concluded upon, Mercury might
have taken lessons in travelling from the frightened
identifier of the, defunct's , race. Five minutes
more, and' a magistrate and a coroner, might have
been seen," wending their way to the scene of the
„ murder most foal,” to inquire on behalf this corn.
monvrealtb, into the cause, that led to the death
and deposit of the bones aforesaid.' Of course the
whole affair came to light—and was made light of
by the worthy officers of .Ihe hits', who laughed at
the joke, and told it for others to laugh at.
Not only of patriots and great men can it be said,
"E'en in their ashen glow their former fires."
BRIEF HISTORY Or THE Navy.—The new work
lately published by authority, and compiled from
the records of the Navy Department, thus briefly
sums up the' casualties' among naval officers zinc*
the United States have had a Navy :
Died, 994
Killed in action, 52
Killed in duels, 21
Killed by accident, 7
Drowned, 67
Lost at sea, 87
Murdered, 6
Resigned, 1,635
Dismissed, 402
Cashiered, 51
Discharged under peace establishment, 277
Discharged, 3
Last appearance or unknown, 545
Deserted, 3
In service, • 1,505
It is gratifying to know that in so long a period,
only three desertions have occurred among nearly
six thousand officers, a proof of the high character
of our naval service.
RIMEDILS roe Frrs.—For alit of passion. Walk
out in the open air; you may speak your mind to
the winds without hurting any one, or proclaiming
yourself to be a simpleton.
For a fit of Idleness.—Count the ticking' of a
clock. Do this for one hour, and you will be glad
to pull off your coat the next and work like a hcrn.
Fat a fit of extravagance and folly.—Go lo the
work-house, or speak with the ragged and wretched
inmates of a jail, and you will be convinced—
Who makes his bed of brier and thorn,
Must be content to lie forlorn.
quence of the frequent collisions of Railway trains
on curves, a signal has been invented in England
which promises good results. It is worked by a
crank, which moves a wire on poles, like the elec.
trio telegraph, and operates at a distance of three
quarters of a mile. If a train approaches, the look.
out turns the crank, and a signal is made at the dig.
Lance mentioned, and there is time to stop before
any danger occurs.
MATRIMONIAL RrvAtair.—During the sale of the
Duke of Buckingham's • s raivables" not those
which his ancestor claimed from Richard the Third
of which his brother Clarence stood possessed—a
beautiful statue of ..Venus rising from the sea" was
hotly bid for by two rival agents, and brought much
more than its value. The report is that the agents
representimi Queen and Prince Albert who each wan.
ted to present it' to the other. This is 'a very pret.
ty story. hut the poor people will have to pay for
the painting.
The most imptitant" articles." that have been
agreed to in the newel:as titution of France, are
the granting a habeas corpus Amt. abolishing capi.
tat punishment for •Telitical lances, abolishing
slavery, and aeltnoirledging a universality of bola.
ation In political matters.
Stmarners poi patant was taken out
a short time ago in !England, foe an apart:hut
named a Caimans which is designed to supeecede
tight laming,thatpglp and,pangstons ruin. whereby
basun - and the feasts atedastraget
Mcarciiier 711»i; persecution
become a Eavoritepation with any httinan be.
in. the !naart annabledevOid or that feelingwiiich
elevates ea in the Opiniosi"of the gait and good.
To obviate at once the injuries :received from
persecution, is almost impossible; therefore, ...the
greater punishment is due to him or her who is
guilty of so disgraceful a deed.
We never deem ourselves foil of errors, bat are
sure to discover in others, especially those we envy.
a legion or diserePaneier, horrible in their nature,
indestructible only because we think al!, and inca
pable of being obliterated for want of a desire on
our panto ascertain if such an end can possibly
be accomplished.
Would that those whose faith in their own is
lasting and fifffl, could mete dot to others a like
portion of charity and esteem.
The too often expressed thoughts of our enemies
are the weapons that disturb our happiness and re.
pose: therefore, to calumniate a fellow.being mali
ciously or without a cause, is but to enrol ourselves
with the guilty wretch who purloins his master's
goods and wounds his best and truest friend.
But one of the most inhuman acts which a men
or woman who is intimately connected with anoth
er can perpetrate, is to circulate openly sayings
calculated to defeat or destroy their came and in
For, the moat contemptible whisper can deprive
' us of our reputation, in a moment, perhaps, when
peace and plenty are within • our sphere.' If• the
wicked in thought - and treacherous in 'deed would
canvass the future results of their iniquity, how
soon would envy depart from their bosoms, while
repentance would enter to fill up the vacancy crea
ted by a failing fur which we must render en ac
count to that Being who will one day summon us to
eternity, and front whom no one's works are secret
ed or hidden.
Bunn' or HANGS:M.—The New Orleans Daily
Chronicle says that last Tuesday the aentence•of
the law was privately carried into effect in the pal
' ice jail of tho Third Municipality. The culprit
(who committed a brutal assault on the person of a
little girl about nine years of age) exhibited up to
the last hour of his life the same sullen disposition
which he zssumed at the time of his arrest, and
which ho has maintained ever since, showing no
disposition to accept spiritual comfort or' consola
tion of any hind; his only anxiety appeared to be
centered in watching• an opportunity to escape.
We saw him as be lay in his manacles with hi■
eyes glaring wildly around, and when the e'xecu
fierier approached him to remove him to the yard
of the jail, he became furious, & not until a kind
hearted friend, who seemed to have some secret
control over him, came and soothed him, would he
let any of the officers approach him. He was at
length induced to go to the place of execution, and
it was only by stratagem that he was suspended
by the fatal noose, and so Lunglingly was it attach
ed that it slipped over his head, and he was than
despatched by shooting him through the head with a
ELECTIONEERING EXTRA.—Among the election.
cering expedients resorted to at the late election in
Paris, was the following ingenious proceeding:—
The agents of M. Delessert, one of the candidates
induced Mr. Green, who ascended in his celebrated
balloon from the Hippodrome., to lake up with him
some million. of hula bulletins, bearing the name
of M. Delcssert, as ballast. As he passed over the
department of the Seine ho let these descend in
showers from the clouds on the astonished and be
wildered citizens, who seemed to receive front
heaven this inspiration to vote for the son of the
exprelect of Police.
iliTSoap Stone Griddles are among the new things I
under the sun. The Buffalonians have commenced
the Buckwheat cake season with them, and brag
hugely about their superiority over all other kinds
of griddles. They have just been introduced into
the Buffalo market, and their alleged advantage
over all other articles of this kind is, that no grease
Is necessary in cak e•bu king, and as mutterer course.
the process not accompanied with that unpleasant
smell which attends baking on the iron griddle,
and which fills the house with smoke. The cakes
are as smooth as glass when baked,land to the eye
and palate are more acceptable titan by the present
mode.—Albany Eye. Jour.
Emutnano Etpt.—Theodore Parker, in a late
discourse, said that as much matter was printed in
Boston, alone, in fourteen days, as was written in
the whole world, during the fourteen centuries be.
fore the art of printing was discovered.
In view of this, who will deny that the develop
ment of men is progressing ?
113'Samuel Lawrence, the greatest wool purcha.
ser and manufacturer in the conntry, says; "The
business of wool growing in this country, is des.
tined to be of immense importanee,and I am Srm
in the belief that within 25 years, we shall produce
a greater quantity than any other nation; and - he
adds.there is not enough annually raised in this
country, by 10.000,000 lbs., to meat the demand of
the manufactures.
A MATHEMATICIAN . ' /DLL OF HOllOll, -..A grad.
nate of Cambridge gave another the lie, and chat
lenge followed. The mathematical tutor orthis
colledge, the late Mr. V-, heard of the dis
pute, and sent forth. youth, who told him be must
fight. `"Why?" said the mathematician. "He
gave me the lie." " Very well, let him prove it ;
if he proves it, you do lie; and if he does not prove
it, he lies. Why should you shoot one another ?
Let him prove it."
A Vxweamarx Vocaurn—Breham, now 75 years
of age, gang at a concert in Birmiegham, a short
time age. A paper of that town says: "We at.
tended, with misgivings es to the remit of to ex
traordinary an experiment; but the manner in
which he gave OM or two of his old favorite pima,
made our fears give way to wonder. His pathos
and autquitit declamation in Handel's recitative,
Deeper and Deeper still,' were truly thrilling; and
hie rendering of • The Death of Nelson,' irresisti
bly *ought up the, reminiscence of the palmy m us
of that gam asthma"
Weemitsit zetruectellite aretionstently
• Vs' •
ing complaints against the climate of this country?
which iiihe mouths or people„ss sensibility and
taste, appear to ea to be the mostinreasonable and
ungrateful lamentations In the world. Taken al.
togethei, the "skyey influences" in America seem
to us to be more delightful than in any land in
which we have ever sojourned. Dhats beet. our j
lot to gaze `upon the clouds of every degree of lon- I
gitude and latitude between the Black Sea and the
Atlantic, and between the Pyramids and the Krem
lin. We know the colors of the opening and the,
closing day in Persia, Egypt, Turkey and Italy.
We have gazed into the depths of the ethereal can
opy from amidst the sallies ofSpain and the moon-
tains of Switzerland. But we stoutly contend that
there is no spot upon European soil where the eye
may catch such splendors, or the bodily frame may
drink such inspiration from the air, as in this much
depreciated America of ours. To an invalid, we
grant, the changes are too sudden and too extreme
to be salutary: and a person in health here must
make it a part of his system of life - to have two
or three sets of clothing at hand, and he must
change his apparel just as regularly as the wind
does its course. But, under that condition, which
we take for granted as indispensable, we aver that
there is not iu the world a land in which those who
are susceptible of atmospheric impressions can par.
take such intense and rich enjoyment as this.
There are some persons who give no further at-
tention to the weather then to protect themselves
from its inclemencies: there are others who look
to the state of the outer scene as one of the princi
pal sources of their delight. To one who thus
knnws how to use the pleasures which life sets be
fore him, no finer feast of the senses throughout
the year can be offered than iv here spread
us. To one who like ourselves, is devoted to a
systematic banquetting upon the luxuries of heay.
en's breath—who is apician in his perception and
appropriation of the glorious and the delicious in
breeze and cloud and sky—it is impossible to con
ceive of a more animated variety of refreshing and
gladdening influences than are shed abroad in the
region where we live. The famed clear blue of
the Dalian sky is as monotonous as it is beautiful:
it cloys upon the eye and mind like the luscious
delicacy of Carlo Dulce: and after months of ad
miration, it grows, so oppressive in its unvarying
perfection, that an 'eager temper le" tempted to ex.
claim," Up, spirit of the storm !" and the warmest
panegyrist of cloudless expanses would feel it a re
lief to hail the approach of a genuine north.easter„
With us, every feeling and every taste that a man
may have within his nature is by turns addressed
and gratified by the inexhaustible range of impres.
aloes which the circle of our seasons brings out.
What can be more intoxicating in its exulting
power of joy than the sounding stream that pours
from the north-west a stream of purity and strength
and coolness? What more exquisite II:111'° ro
seate flush of morbid loveliness which its current
refracts to the declining sun' What can be more
fully charged with the serene and dainty softness
of Eden itself than the fresh but fitful breathings
which the south-west sends forth to woo the heav
en to the disclosure of the most sacred recesses of
its bosom of rapture-kindling beauty Under
what zone are the decorations of the eloudage so
varinue, so magnificent, so full of the vital glory of
spiritual interest ? The uncertainty in which we
always live aa to what" wind "a day" or night
"may bring forth," appears to us to add the pleas
antness of the case. From the sunset of to-day
you never can anticipate the character of to-mor
row's morning horizon: but speculation is left to
wander over the whole circle of possible atmos
pheres, and finally to be surprised by something
which it had not conjectured. If yea have a rainy
or dull state of things at any time, the chances are '
even that the next sunrise will be brilliant and hope
ful. In the season at which we now ere, what can
be more ravishing to the eye or the spirit than the
purged purity of the autumnal sky, lustrous whit
a roseate tint as lovely and delicate 'as the hues of
the pearl? And then what display even of tropical
splendors can rival the diamond blaze of our nights
in winter ? Taking the year throughout, we venture
to maintain that no where will the lover of natu
ral beauty find himself more bountifully furnished
with the choicest exhibitions- of the sky and air
than may be met with by one who never wanders
beyond these Atlantic shores.
The destruction of Messina is one of the most
heroic, desperate and bloody 'Wake that ever oc
curred in wars of independence. The Neapolitan
forces bombarded the city for five days, and on the
Sth and 6th of September attempted to carry it by
storm, but were repulsed, though the discharger
from the citadel, which has throughout been held
by the troops of Ferdinand, were incessant and
terrific., and were aided by the mortars and cannon
of the fleet, end the entrenchments without the
'Wills. On the '7th, with their city almost in ru
ins, the Messiness attempted to negotiate an ar.
mistice; but, faithful to the spirit of the people, the
leaders would not accept the conditions that the
Neapolitan Commander offered. On the Bth, the
final assault took place; the majority of the inhab
itants bad left the city the night before; only the
fighting men remained tofesist to the last moment.
The Sicilians held their positions most gallantly,
and retreated fighting. The Neapolitans entered
the city, which was little more thin a mess of ru
ins already. As its defenders withdrew from street
timitreet, indomitable in the midst of their battered
and smoking homes, they set fire to what was left
undestroyed. Their antagonists followed them
into a quarter of the city which bed' suffered the
least in the bombardment, when suddenly a Leigh.
ty explosion, like an earthquake, completed the
ruin, and buried in one destruction the remaining
edifices of 'Messina and thousands of the meseena.
ries of the tyrant. The city had been-conquered
but in its stead the oonquerent bold only a black.
seed and worthless mass of devastation.
Dv:Tam-rum or Massnat.—A Paris letter of
September 21, published in the N. Y. Tribune, ha■
the following account of the events which preceded
and attended the destruction 9f the city of Messi
In this straggle I grieve toasty that outrages
were committed by some of the defenders of
efty which should not have stained so heroic a re
sistfnes.7•Wrooght op to the Glummest fanatical
hatred of the assailents, a porticos of tb•Attose
Piiesat class of the population mutilated the bodies
of the fallen Neapolitans, carried their heads on
pike!, through the streets, and perpetrated other
hofrible excesses which at :cuch a moment the au
thorities were unable to prevent. But these Things,
it should be remembered. were not the work of the
people of Messina, but only of the worst part of
them, and can shadow but pot obscure the courage
persistence in spite of which they were vanquished.
The King of Naples may now be able to conquer
the whole of the Island, as he has in his posses-
I 'ion its main fortress, but he will conquer it only
by exterminating the inhabitants and devastating
their fields and villages. Conquer them he cannot.
Tax Essausn itittsrocazer.A good deal of ex
citement exists in England the respecting the
breaking up of the Duke of Buckingham's splen
did and princely palace at Stowe, and the sale un
der tl/n ruthless hammer of the auctioneer, and
harsh mandates of remorseless crediicrS, of its
magnificent contents. The mere catalogue of the
luta contains two hundred and seventy one.pages ;
more than sixty thousand ounces of goldend silver
plate, including fifty elaborate pieces of historic
value, the gills of royal personages and distinguish.
ed men, are on sale. The Duke of Buckingham
is the representative, not of one, but of many fam
ilies.. It is a mighty larreek,of ages that has been
accumulated in this palace, full of:historical, nation
al and political associations. The galfiriei of fam
ily portraits and collections of family memorials
Seem to connect all the great men, and all the great
achievements of modern Europe, With, the names
of Chandos,Temple, Cobbam, Nugent, and Green.
villa. Here is the victor's portion in the spoil of
celebrated sieges, the memento of historical friend.
ships, and the esteemed gifts of royalty or beauty.
In tile manuscript-room is the most extensive and
valuable collection 'of Irish documents anywhere
to be found. For the pictures, marbles, bronzes,
antique articles of vertu, curiosities, china, glass,
&c., we can only say that they extend tei five thou
sand items.
"It is not our 'purpose," says the Times, "to
speak of that which money has.collected, and may
collect again. Such things are only scattered fur a
fresh accession elsewhe u re, under new and more
favorable auspices. But the heirlooms. of many
great families, the records of many great events,
and memorials of many great persons, all spools.
neously collected into one great whole, is a singu
lar and most significant tact, the obliteration of
which we can only compare to the overthrow of a
nation ore throne." The Times goes on : "This
is a most deplorable, and we must now add, a most
disgraceful event.' These cOltimna Nave spared
neither people nor prince. Should we deal fairly if
we spared the destroyer of his
_house, the man
whose reckless Bourne has thrown to the ground a
pillar of the state, and struck a heavy blow at the
whole order to which he belongs The public
opinion of this country respects the House of Lords,
but not a degenerate aristocracy. It is apt to can.
vase and to censure noble names, because it meas.
urea their ill dads with their great responsibility.
The Duke of Buckingham has filled all miracle
with the painful presage of a wilder ruin. Such
events speak, in these days. When dynasties are
falling around, aristocracies have crumbled into
dust, disgrace acquires the force of injury, and
personal ruin is a public treason. For an event of
peace, we have known nothing ,more serious and
work by O.S. Fowler, on Physiology, after discuo_
sing the requisition for carbon in food, and arguing
that it could be obtained from the vegetable king.
dom quite as well as from meat, showed that nuts
contain it in large quantities, and urged their in
corporation into our diet, as follows :
Nuts, as generally eaten, are unwholesome, for
two reasons. They are often eaten between meals,
which we shall soon tee to be highly injurious, and
when the stomach is already overloaded. Second.,
ly, they contain a great amount of carbon, and
thus increase that superabundanee of it which is
one great cause of disease. Yet oaten with, and
as a part of food, they would undoubtedly prove
highly beneficial, as they are eminently nutritious
and palatable. The inhabitants of the South of
France, Savoy, and a part of Italy, live almost ex.
elusively on chestnuts during full and the early
part of winter, making them into bread and pod.
dings in place of flour. Nuts abound in vegetable
oil, and of course in carbon, and also in &tine
and fibrine—three of the most important elements
required for sustaining. life. Yet they should be
dried or cooked."
The following, from tho "Scientific American,"
shows that this suggestion has occurred to other
minds also:
"Here in our fair laud we have the chestnut—a
fruit natural to our soil and climate, but cultivated
by no onewith the same views and objects as the
apple or peach. Now the chestnut is a valuable
and nutritious article of food. The peasantry in
varions parts of Southern Europe enjoy a breakfast
of roasted chestnuts, although I must say they ore
larger and finer in those countries than we have
them here, and this is the reason that induced me
to write this letter, knowing the interest you take
in the progress of all• science. It is my opinion
that our chestnut may begreatly improved by pr op. ,
er culture—there is no doubt in my mind but the ,
Italian kind, which are the size of a small apple,
might be successfully cultivated in America. This
fruit is easily preserved and kept for a long time.
I trust that some of our cultivators will give this
subject their attention, and place the chestnut in
its proper position as ea article of
and a natural fruit of our clime. Yours, te. "
"Brooklyn, 1848." • "S. R. J."
07A series of observations, by means of the tele
graph line between Philadelphia and Cincinnati,
are about to be taken by Professor E. Otis Kendall
and Sears C. Walker, In connection with the coast
survey, so. is to ascertain the precise latitude and
longitude of Philadelphia and Cincinnati. The
wire of the Western line has been conducted Into
the Observatory at the Central High School, for this
purpose, and the experiment. are to be made . at
night, after the offices have closed for the transmis
sion of messages. The Philadelphia. and Cin
cinnati wires being connected at Pittsburg, those
distant cities will be placed in instantaneous con•
nection with each other. Professor Kendall super
intends the experiment at the Philadelphia
agues and Prollseser Walker at Cincinnati.
117.1ifeci, by uniting. under we leditisr,.nury,
virtue of the social law, acquire prodigious 'dun
tagin4o themselves, which singly they could tug
£19,000 hero been subscribed to build rather
Matliew a church:
gig ;sllarkets. ~
Columbia Retail Provision 'Market.
Flour, - •' , -
Wheat, '' ' ' - 1 - DT - it 1 - 20' -
Rye, • , 66 - a 69'
Corn, 45 a 50
Oats, 28 a 31.
Hams, 8 a 10
Dried Beef, • -12 i, a 14
Butter, 15 a 18.1-•
Eggs, 10 "ia: 12f
Potatoes, 40 . i 50
Beef, 6 a 8
Veal, . - ,5 a 61.
Retail Lumber Market.
Counsels, Friday 5ept.30,1848.
Inferior Cull Boards and Grub Plank, 3 8 00.
Culling 1100.
2d Common 4. 4 16 00
lst Common 4 4 22 00
Pannell 66 30 00
Hemlock " Scantling, 9 00
Pine Scantling. ' limp 14 to. 18 00
Plaster Lath. 2to 2.25
Shingles,' , 8 to 14 TO
PHILADELPHIA. Sept. 30, 1848.
Flour—ss 37 a 5 50 for good old stock Nona
end Western. and 85 75 for good fresh ground;
Rye flour 84 00 a 4 12 ; Corn meal 82 s77j•
3 00.
Grain—Wheat 81 10 a 1 20 for good Peon;
Rim 68 a 70 for Penn ; Corn 65 a 66 for yellow
Iron—PennaPigs23 a 27 per ton for Anthracite.
and 825 a3O for Forge and Foundry Metal. Bar
Iron ranges from $7O to 75, and Blooms 855 to 70.
Lumber—The supplies are increasing. Cargo
sales of Yellow Pine Boards at 815 a 16 per Ilt• '
Susquehanna,sll a 15; Hemlock Joists, $7 a 7 50;
Scantling 87a 8.
Laths—Ate in fair demand, with sales of 150,-
000 Eastern at $1 20 a 1 25 per M.
BALTIMORE Sept. 30, 1848
The flour market at the close was firm, after an
ACUTE! demand at easier rates; soles at $5 25.
Sales of white wheat at SI 16 a 1 20, and red
wheat $1 08 a I 11 ; oats 28 a 30.
A Valli:ale Ztentedy.—We like at all theca, to
give credit when credit is due, and if at:the same time we
can relieve the distressed, we are doubly gratified; we
therefore give the following voluntarrtesumony as to the
beneficial effects of Wistar's Balsam or‘Vild Cherry, by
the editor orate Columbia SoutlrCarolinisin, who appears
to have obtained great relief by its use.—(Old Dominion.
Wtursn's tiLLSANE Cr WILD Cuaaar.—We seldom re
sort to patent medicines, havingf, agreat respect for th e
skill of the regular profession, Out chance threw into our
way the above named medicine, immediately after the
close ofilte last session of the legislature, when our lungs
were almosi dried up by the highly ratified atmosphere of
our stove warmed state house. The Balsam immediately
relieved us of a most harrassing cough, which threatened
our health in a serious degree. We feel that we are in
debted to it for some fifteen pounds of animal weight—
which addition once felt cannot be forgotten,
Noi.e genuine unless signed I Burrs on the wrapper.
For sale by SETH W. FOWI.E, General Agent, 139,
Washington Street, Boston; Aslo,
For sale by R. Wu-Lusts, Front Street Columbia, Pa.
The Cause of the pressure upon the brain is a collec
tion of morbid humors in the blood, which not only de
range die circulation, but also by increasing the apparent
quantity of the vital fluid, cause a distention or swelling ,
of the blood vessels. a pressure upon the nerves which
lend to the brain, and headache, gtcldiness,alpitation of
the heart. insanity, apoplexy, sudden deat h, and other
dreadful reecho.
Wright's Inchon Vegetable Pills are always certain to
relieve pressure upon the brain; because they take out
of the circulation those very humors which are the cause
not only of all disordered motions of the blood, but of
every malady incident to man. They also aid and im
prove digestion, as well as purify the blood, and therefore
not only give health and vigor to the whole frame. but are
always certain to prevent any evil results from a pressure
upon the brain. _
ltzwang or Gouts - mom= .sgro latrrazzotcs.—Remem
bee. that the ortg,inal and only genuine Indian Vegetable
Pills have the wntten signature of Wizzrata WRIGHT on
the top label of each box.
ila'The genuine for sale by FRY & SPANGLER, who
arc the only authorized Agents for Columbia. Also, by
agents advertised in another column.
Principal Odice, iag, Race Street, ,Philadelphia.
Dr. Swaim CONPOC2CD SYDrr or WILD C 117311
AN bowman LETTER.
Read the following letter from Wm. Shaw, a respecta
ble Druggist in Wilmington, N. C. a gentlemen of un
doubted veracity, in whose word the most implicit confi
dence may be placed, another proof of the superiority of
DR. SWAYN6 . 3 CO:MI.01;ND !.. 6, 111UP Ow IrVIID CUEIIIIT, in
curing Coughs. Colds, CONVUNIPTION. Asthma; Bronchitis,
Liver Complaint, Spitting Blood, and all diseases of the
Lungs and Breast. • _
WILMINGTON, N. C.. Jail. 5, 1546.
DR. SWAYNE--Dasta Sat:—You will please send me
twelve dozen. or more, as you see fit. of your STROP or
AV= CHERRY. From sales to-day, I have but a hairdo
zen on hand ; the sales are rapidly increasing and will, I
have no doubt, continue to do so. An acquaintance of
mine called a few days ago to say be would give me a
certificate of its good effects. He is from the country,
and a minister in the 'Methodist Church. Shortly after
obtaining the agency, I prevailed upon him to try a bottle
though I doubted whether any benefit would be derived.
for lie, as well as myself, thought his case was confirmed
Consumption; in fact every symptom was indicative.—
Shortly after, he wrote to me to send him four or five bot
tles more. He came to town last week. I will quote his
own [language: "sir," said be, lam a new man, and I
consider it a duty I owe to the public, to tell- what Dr.
Swayne's Compound Syrup of 'Wild Cherry has done for
me." I will publish his certificate, and as be iggenerally
known all over our section, Lexpect good ; resnlts from it.
With every feeling of xespeet, yours trulyt,
Letters such aathe above are daily received from all
parts of the country, but we publish this as one of the many
proofs of its efficacy. Avoid all preparations purporting
to contain Wild Cherry. except that bearing the written
signature of Dr. Swayne, as they are most likely quite
destitute of the article front which they borrow a name.
The loriginaNtUl4olllllgemlike article is prepared by
DR. STA YNE, corner of Eighth and Race sts. Phila
delphia, and for stile by agents in all parts of the United
States, and some parts of Euro pe. Sold by WM. A. LEADER, Columbia, and Dr. A. H.
BARNITZ, York, Pa. ,Aug. 12,1848.—8 t.
Most Extraordinary Work•—The 3 ionied Wo
M. MAIIRICEAU, Professor of Diseases of Woman,
Sixth Edition. 18mo. pp. 150. Prise ei. 25,000 copies
cold in three months!
Years of suffering, orphysical and mental anguish to
many an affectionate wife, and pecunianry difficult, to
the husband, might have been spared by a timely posses
sion of this work. •
It is intended especially for the married, or those con
templating marriage. as at discloses important secrets
which should he known to them particularly.
Truly, knowledge is power. It is health, happinesi, af-
The revelations contained in its pages have proved a
blessing to thousands, as the innumerable letters to the
author will attest.
Here, also, every female—the wife, the mother, the one
either budding into womanhood or the onem the decline
of years in whom nature contemplates an important
change— can discover the cause, symptoms, and the most
efficient remedies. and most certain mode of cure, in every
complaint to which ber sex is subject.
Over ten thousand copies have been sent by mailwithis
three months, with perfect safety and certainty.
On the receipt of one Dollar, the " Married Woman's
Private Medical Companion" will be sent (mailed free) to
Drany part of the United States. All letters must be post-paid those containing a remittance) and addressed to
. A. M. Mauricean,Box 1494, New York City. Publish
ing office, 12D, Liberty-at., New-York.
The ' , Married Woman's Private Medical Compinlon"
is sold by Booksellers throughout the United States.
For sale at the Spy Office, Columbia, Pa
New-York, May 20, 1848 —4m
Philadelphia _
—Exotic:tax, 3d story, Rooms 25:3E—Dagnereotype Pae.
trans of all sizes, either singly aria family groups; pie.
ored or without colors, tiro taken every day, in any urea
dies. Copies of Daguerreotypes, Oil Paintings, Statuary,
ac s may also be procured. Ladies and Gentlemen are
nuparsted to,examine specimens.