Newspaper Page Text
THE SPY & REGISTER.
SATURDAY MORNING, Sept. 16, 1848
V. B. PAL ara is duly authorized to receive subscrip
tions and advertisements for thin paper, in the ernes of
Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore, and Bolton, and
P. V. Cats, Philadelphia.
Jacoll .111: WESTIIASSVER, Lancaster eny.
Wu -LLCM A. Paincs, Twinelling Agent.
Gsosteta PstArr, No. Bit, Nassau Sweet, New York.
tAlwass Tirousote, R. Cower of Baltimore and
South streets, Baltimore,
irr If any of our subscribers, in town, should
not be served regularly with the "Spy," by our new
carrier, they will please call at the office.
The members ofthe "Columbia Senate," and all
persons wishing to become members are requested
to meet in the second story of the Town MIL on
Monday evening next, September 18th.
Tim CAMPAIGN OPENED IN COLUMBIA.—We ha d
thought that the elections this fall would pass off
quietly in these parts, but from present appearances
it would seem as though we were to have our full
share of excitement.
Oa 'Wednesday evening last the Whigs of our
borough, and a delegation from Wrightsville, had a
meeting in the Market Mime, which was the first
with any show of enthusiasm in the present cam
paign. The announcement that Thaddeus Stevens,
Esq., was to address the meeting, drew quite a largo
and respectable audience. Whigs, Democarts, Free
Soilera, and a goodly number of the fair sex of our
/borough were in attendence. After the organiza
tion or the meeting, Mr. Stevens was introduced,
hilt owing to a EMIT cold arid hoarseness was un
able to speak over a few minutes, when he intro
duced N. Ellmaker, Esq., of Lancaster, who ad
dressed the meeting at some length on the Tarif
and Slavery questions; which appear to be the
principal questions in the present Presidential con
test. After Mr. Ellmaker took his neat, the lion.
James Cooper, the present Attorney General of the
State, was introduced and addressed the meeting
in his usual good humored and happy style.
Mr. Dickey, of Lancaster, was called out, but
declined making a set speech, and the meeting ad
THE AUIIURNIAN.-A beautiful little sheet, with
the abovejitle, and the motto
riches from little toe-corns grow,"
or something of that kind ; edited and published by
Andrew Shuman, has reached us, It is as pretty
as it is little—and we wish it a rapid increase of
Gomay's Lanv's Boot: for October is received. It
contains 72 pages of reading matter, which is as
much as is contained in an ordinary sized novel,
and 24 pages more than any other magazine-35
contributors and 2.5 engravings.
Tux Yount's Cneincr,elegant, useful and cheap
is received. D. A. Woodworth, New York, 31
Foor copies for $3
CARCO OF ORCOANS.—The ship Finland, from
Liverpool, which arrived at New York on Friday,
bad on 'hoard thirty.fivc orphan children, entirely
destitute of means ! They were placed on board by
mato persons unknown.
SAD Dermuocncs.—Lcticrs have been received
by the steamer Hibernia, announcing the death of
Mr. Y. H. Weed, of Boston, at Singapore, and of
Lieut.. Dale, of N. York, rat ached to the Dead Sea
TEMPEIIANCE.—There are now eighty divisions
of the Sons of Temperance in Georgia. Last On.
tuber there were but seventeen. Several thousand
new members have been added to the organization
in that State.
liVivrwnaci, Ho !—The Green Bay Advocate
says:—Every steamer that mislies our wharves
brings crowds in search of a home and lends, and
every stage is crowded with passengers in search o
some kind of a place for the transaction of business.
S%oKE.—It hag been ascertained that the an•
nual cost to the British Government, by firing
salutes, is £.18,2.50, or nearly fifty dollars per day.
ID"A letter from Berlin asserts that the Bank of
England has offered to the Pruesian Government a
loan of $10,000,000 (.C1,500,000 sterling) at the
rate of 5 per cent, but which has been declined.
11-4 l'ho Copper Ore from Cliff Mine, Lake Supe
rior, is being smelted at Pittsburg, Pa. It yield ,
from eighty to ninety per cent pure copper, in eddi
lion to a small quantity of silver.
rrnie new naanufacturing city of Manchester,
N. IL, has now a population of 13,000, whore only
twelve years ago there were hut two houses.
D - Vi German thcart re is being erected in Cincin
nati. The German population in that city is up
wards of 20,000.
.✓'The Florida Everglades arc about to be drain
ed, so ns to bring one million of acres of fine land
II?Tho New Orleans Bulletin gives a flattering
account of the prospects of the Cotton crop in
Louisiana. The corn harvest is also said to be
rrThe New York Ikard of Health, undcr date
of Saturday noon, reports three new eases of yel
low fever at Staten Island, and three deaths.
ErNeither of the present candidates for Geyer.
nor intends to give up his present office in hope of
11:TOue hundred and thirty-four deaths occurred
in Philadelphia last week. Of consumption 1.5;
cholera infantnm 16, dec. Adults 50—children 84.
113*General Caleb Cashing is the Democratic
candidate for Governor in MaiistirlinveUx.
It would be amusing, if it were not dangerous,
to witness the Northern and Southern aspects of the
great political stars—suns, their votaries would call
them—which are at present shedding their light
upon this benighted people. As in the physical
world, so in the politica I, the medium through which
the rays are seen, Modify, wonderfully modify the
light which reaches us. Indeed, not to speak ir
reverently, their radiance is so refracted, so reflect
ed, so every way distorted, that it is rather darkness
than light—or ignisfatuus-like, a gleam
"That leads to bewilder, and dazzles to
We have before us Southern and Northern \Vhig
and Democratic newspapers, from which we glean
the following facts :—That Gen. Taylor is a friend
and an opponent, besides being perfectlyindifferent,
to every measure upon which the North and South
are divided ; and
That Gen. Casa is directly opposed to Gen. Tay
lor in every thing; while
Martin Van Buren is tri-angularly antipodeal to
These are facts of absorbing interest to the
friends of the different candidates ; and may of
course be depended up, as we have them in print.
From several sources, we clip the following
items, in support of what we have written; and
we in all seriousness inquire, What shall we be
lieve ; what reject—or must we, lemonade fashion,
Fruin a call for a Taylor and Fillmore alerting
• Let every friend of good government—every
friend of Peace, and opponent of schemes of Con.
quest—every advocate of Free Soil and American
Indnstry—every opponent of the One Man Vcto
Power—every one who desires to sec the policy of
the earlier Presidents restored, and the government
brought back to old-fashioned republican simpli
city—let all come to this glorious gathering!"
From the Southern Ti ibune, published near the
residence of Gen. Taylor.:
"Millard Fillmore has distinctly disavowed the
slightest wish or desire to interfere with the qucs.
lion of Slavery in the United States.
" Keep it also before the people, Thal Lewis Cass
proclaimed in his place in the Senate, that he
would have voted for the Wilmot Proviso, had it
been brought forward during the session of 1816.
" Keep it before the people, That the Democratic
papers dare not inform their readers that Milliard
Fillmore voted in favor of the first of the Atherton
resolutions, which declares that Congress has no
jurisdiction over the question of Slavery in the
Keep it also before the people, That Gen. Cass
has proclaimed the monstrous opinion that the
question of Slavery in the newly acquired Cerrito•
ry must besettled by the people thereof; thus giv.
ing to the Indians, Mestizoes, and Zamboes, and
other colored inhabitants of such territory the right
I and power to exclude citizens of the South from
establishing themselves with their property on the
From the Lancaster Examiner and MI odd :
Gen. Cass himself says :—" The Wilmot Provi
so will not pass the Senate. It would be death to
the \Vat—death to all hopes of getting an acre of
territory—death to the administration, and death to
the Democratic party."
From the Louisville Democrat :
tt Van Buren is satisfied with the purity and ex•
cellence of the Buffaloes—talks of the encroach
ments of the South, and goes strong for free dirt.
He will not veto a bill abolishing slavery in the
District of Columbia now, as he promised to do
once, if it should pass Congress. He bad retired
forever from public life, with a resolution to stay
there unalterable—like General Taylor's resolutions.
Now tic does not come forward himself—not he ;
his friends have literally dragged him out, and out
he'll stay. If elected lie will deport himself like
a good boy—stick to the constitution like General
Taylor, no doubt. The IVhig party now have two
candidates, both great men in their way; and their
supporters are men of the most shocking purity
we ever did hear of.
From the -N, Y. Evening Post :
THE DRAMA.—AcT IsT. SCENE IsT.
Place, United States.—Time, 1848.—Audience,
the people of the United States.
FREELIOI/ Vs. SLAVERY.
Martin Van Buret - 1.-1 am in favor of prohibit.
ing by law, the introduction of slavery into tcrrito.
ry now tree.
Lewis Cass.—l will veto any law prohibiting
slavery in territories now free.
Gen. Taylor.—l says nothing on that subject. I
keeps mum. The Yankees guess I'm for freedom.
The slave.holders reckon I'm for slavery; but as
I have myself only 300 slaves, I let them reckon
But we might fill the Spy with contradictory re.
porta, from papers advocating the same candi.
dates, in different sections. Would that some pa.
per with a circulation like that of the Ledger,
would take up and expose these shameful tricks of
the demagogue vote.seekers ; and would that some
man whom the whole people should know, would
offer himself as a candidate. Tthen would a vote like
that which elected our Washington, tell to the
knaves and libellers who rule and direct the politi.
cal manoeuvres of this counyry, that the people
aro always right—always to be trusted."
In one of the rooms of the Smithsonian Inati
lute is to be erected the philosophical machinery
presented to the Institution by Dr. Hare, of Phila
delphia, and worth 8.15,000. The chemical lecture
room, above has a groined ceiling, is heavily rib
bed, and with foliage at the intersections of the
ribs. The cloister has pillars, heavily capped with
every variety of foliage. The window glass, in
the shape of the diamond, fine crown, was imported
from England. The inner doors are of Georgia
pine, varnished ; the outer arc bronzefi, ornament.
ed with Norman hinges and shields. The west
wing, which is nearly completed, is highly orna
mented, bat of a heavier and more substantial struc
ture than the east. The most distinguished fea
tura Is the aspic, a semicircular projection, with
vaulted roof and pillars.
Faom FORT Cumns.—The St. Louis Republican
of the Ist inst., publishes the following news from
the upper Missouri :—From Fort Childs, on the
Upper Missouri, we have information to within a
few dap. The battalion of troops there were in
good health, although the small pox had prevailed
among them to a limited extent. Of five cases, one
was fatal—William Turner, of "Company E," bar.
ing died from this cause. The storehouses and
officers' quarters were nearly completed, but as the
troops were anxiously expecting their discharge
from the army, they had almost ceased to labor
upon the works. Captain Van Vlict, U. S. Quar
termaster, was making every exertgin to have the
buildings completed at an early day. The location
i s sa id not to be a very favorable one.
Address of Col. Confer at the Reception of Lient.
Cochran and hits Men.
I am honored by your fellow citizens, brave vol.
unteers, with the pleasing duty of welcoming you
to your homes again, from the fields on which you
have covered yourselves with so much glory and
imperishable renown—have done so much honor
to the good old State of Pennsylvania, and to your
country. We witnessed your departure from
among us, for the scat of Air; and many a sin
cere and ardent wish was expressed, many a heart
felt prayer was offered up, that the " God of Bat
tles" would watch over and protect you :---and
while we in all sincerity lament—deeply lament—
the loss of those of your brave companions in
arms, who perished on the field of battle, we may
rejoice to know that they were not found wanting
—that they proved themselves " good men and
true," and that they fell battling fur the sake and
in honor of their country. It may not be in our
power to mark the spot on which they fell, nor
erect monuments of marble to perpetuate their
memories, but their names are deeply engraven up
on our hearts, and will adorn the brightest pages
of their nation's history. Your disinterested patri
otism—the privations you have endured—the toils
and hardships you have undergone, cannot but
awaken ''within our breasts the liveliest sense of
gratitude and profound admiration ; and the reports
of the glorious battles in which you were engaged,
will be to Pennsylvania, to our gallant little bor.
'ought, our own Columbia, a source of the highest
and most enduring pride.
I may allude at this time to one of those
heroic spirits who was among the first to
lay down his life in the contest—en old friend
and' school mate. We all knew and loved
our friend—the lamented and heroic Cochran,
who is no more. Ile was noble, he was brave, he
was generous, he was the very Roelof chivalry, and
honor. We deplore his premature death : we con.
dole and sympathize with his relations: and we
will remember and endeavor to emulate his virtues.
The monument within view—that massive column
which surmounts his grave, tells sileutly and im
pressively, the passers-by of his memorable death,
at. the bead of his gallant command and against
vindictive and overpowering numbers, on the
blood stained field of Reseca de la Patina. While
we grieve his loss, we have reason to rejoice that
he died so nobly: and also that he has found so
worthy a successor in his stalwart brother, who more
fortunate, though not less daring, is now with us
and amongst us.
With no less feelings of pride can we speak of
that Waterloo defeat, Baena Vista, in which Co.
lumbia was so nobly represented by one of her gal.
lant sons, now with us, and who exhibits evidence of
not having left that glorious field without wounds
and scars—honorable scars.
As near and familiar to us arc the cities and
towns and mountains and forts from the port ' ,
of Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico, as those
of our own free land. Who can forget the
bombardment of Vera Cruz— the rapid and
successful passage of the National Bridge—the
storming, of the heights of Cerro Gordo, and the
triumphant entrance of the magnificent city of
Puebla !—Contreras, Choral:lose°, and El Moliuodel
Rey! the sealing of the walls of the once int.
pregnatlo Chapultepec, and the breaking the gates
of San Cosine—and last, the battle of Mexico.
Under our republican form of government, every
man in the cause of his country, feels an equal
responsibility. To the private soldier, then, are
we under as many obligations, and do we feel as
deeply indebted, as to the field General. If they
plan, it is the private who carries the plan into ex
ecution. The war with Mexico has fairly tested
the Volunteer system—the reselt of which has been
to increase eßefidence at home, and command awe
and respect abroad. It has carried terror to the
hearts of Emperors, Kings, and Princes, and we
may rely upon it, they will be wary before they
will quarrel with us.
The heroes of the Revolution received their re.
ward: and you, too, will receive yours, if not in
some substantial manner, at least in the good opin
ion of your friends, year neighbors and your coun
try. " Glory is the reward of such patriotism as
you have displayed : and those who deserve it—as
you most eminently do—acorn all meaner views."
The real price of your services is immortality :
and posterity will pay it."
Allow me again to bid you welcome, a hearty
welcome—to tender you the hospitalities of this,
your native town ; and after this meeting shall
have dispersed—tell, if your well known modesty
will permit—to your friends, the story of your suf
ferings—of the scenes of joy and sorrow through
which you have passed—of the thoughts of home
which you experienced while far away: and let the
eyes of beauty and loveliness shine a heartier wel
come than words will enable me to express.
Lieut, Cochran's Reply.
Friends and Fellow-townsmen : --How much
gratification it gives me to meet you once again,
I have not language to 'express. With me, on
this occasion, you perceive the remnant of the gal
lant band of soldiers who, some eighteen months
ago, left their homes to fight the battles of their
country far away in the sunny South against a
strange people and in an inhospitable climate.
They arc men of very few words; but they are
men of deeds, and what they do they do, and do it
well.—They have desired me to express in a few
sentences the deep sense of gratitude which they
will ever entertain for the manner in which they
have been received at their homes, by those who
know them best and who seem, by this demonstra
tion, to have appreciated their services. If there is
anything to repay us for our toils and sufferings, it
is such a reception as the warm hearts and kind
spirits of the people of this beautiful town have
this day given us. We have come home, worn and
wearied by the fatigues of the most extraordinary
campaign which the page of history records; but
we come home feeling that we have been fortunate
participants in it, and that, from the manner in
which you have received us, that we must have
done our whole duty—for who but the people can
best judge of that fact? Bdrwe are not all here
who went away—the bullets of the enemy and the
diseases incident to the climate of Mexico, and
which almost decimated the army, have fearfully
thinned our ranks, and some of the best of our lit.
tle band are now sleeping the " sleep which knows i
no waking" in the "land of sun and flowers," I
thousands of miles from those whom they loved eel
well. The bones of hundreds and thousands of 1 '
our gallant American soldiers are bleaching on the
sandy shores of Vera. Cruz—are whitening the
hill tops of Cerro Gordo, and are scattered broad.
cast throughout the valley of Mexico and along the
national Road; and on the other line—the north
ern line of invasion—the dead are also there. The
battlefield and the hospital have made fearful
havoc among the brave and gallant spirits who
rushed to the standard of their country, when she
called. Those who have died on the red battle.
ground, amid the roar of artillery—the rattle of
the musketry, and the cheer of victory, are as im
mortal as history can make their honored names;
but, oh ! those who died of disease—in the loath.
some hospitals—of untold sufferings—have no
monuments of glory erected to their names.
When they were scorched with fever or racked
with pain, no kind mother, devoted sister, affect
ionate father, or attentive brother had they to
smooth their pathway. to the grave. They died
in the arms of their brother soldiers, who—a baud
of brothers as we were—took all care of them. I
have seen such attentions to the wants of their
sick brethren by the bravo soldiers, and such friend.
ships formed, as must have made the very angels
rejoice. Those who died of sickness in that far
ce land deserve to boVansed with those who died
on the battle field, or who have once more come to
"They did not full in eager strife
Upon a well.fought field—
Not from the red wound poured their life,
Where cowering focmon yield.
The Arch-angels' pall was slowly cast
Above each pallid brow,
Dot firm and steadfast to the last,
They sleep securely now."
Nearly one year ago we entered the ancient city of
the Aztecs. On the naorningof the 14th ofSeptem.
her, scarcely six thousand of us took from the boast.
ing Mexicans their beautiful city, and marched in
to their main Plaza. In the language of the brave
old General who accomplished the work—the chi
valrous Scott—: "Thank God for the victory and
glory to that gallant little army." Such an army,
—old regulars, new regulars, and volunteers—al
low me to say, the world never saw. A braver set
of men never aboulderd arms, I verily believe, and,
take them as they were (some bad spirits among
them, of course,) the world " never will look upon
their like again." Through the fields and forts of
Contreras, Churubusco, Moline del Rey, Chapofte
pee, and the gates of San Cosme, and St. Belin,
we fought our way to the City, and to an honora
ble peace. But all who went to that war helped to
conquer the city. The glory does not belong solely
to us, who were in the battles of the basin of Mex
ico. They commenced, who fought at Palo Alto,
to take the city ; and Monterey, and Buena Vista,
and Cerro Gordo, and all the rent, paved the way
for us to the "Halls of the Montezuma s." We
were fortunate who were at the "heel of the hunt,"
and who. were in at the death," but yet all who
went to that sunny land, in the far-off South, de
serve to be considered as the second conquerors of
Mexico. The dead, also, are among those conquer.
ors, and although the green chappural waves above
their heads, and the wild flowers perfume the at.
mosphere, and the gay birds sing their matin
and their noonday songs, and warble their vesper
roundelays above their much regretted graves,
the world will honor them as heroes and the pages
of history gain lustre from their glorious names.
I have nothing more to add. It will afford me
pleasure to converse with you all on this most
fruitful theme, and we shall—and we all will—
be ever ready to do an, Allow me to assure you,
sir, that the beautiful language with which you
have greeted us has sunk deep in our heart; and
that with the gratitude we feel for all the kindness
of our friends you will ever be associated.
BROOKLYN IN Runvs.—Brooklyn has been visited
by a terrible fire which has laid in ruins the oldest
and most contra! part of the city. The space burnt
covers an area of some fifteen acres, upon which
stood over two hundeed dwellings and stores.
The fire, which was occasioned by the explosion
of a spirit lamp, broke out about eleven o'clock on
Saturday night, in a store near the junction of Hen
ry and Fulton streets.
There being little or no water at hand, the flames
swept South and East, crossing 111iddah„ Cranberry
and Orange streets, on both sides of Henry, and
burning out eight squares to Washington street,
leaving a block of eight houses on the corner of
Pineapple and Henry, and a portion of the houses
petween Orange and Sands streets on the East, so
that there was no staying theall devouring clement
till it had reached the wider streets of Pineapple
and Washington, which mark its blackened boun
daries. The flames raged with the greatest fury
until 8 o'clock on Snnday morning, when they
were finally extinguished by blowing up several
houses on Concord street.
Among the most valuable buildings are three
churches, Universalist. corner of Fulton and Pine
apple streets, Mr. Thayer, pastor; the Baptist
church, corner of Nassau and Liberty, and the
Methodist E. Church, in Sands street, the oldest
Methodist church in Brooklyn, of which nothing
but the bare walls remain.
The value of property destroyed is variously es
timated at from one to two millions of dollars.
The crowd on the Fulton Ferry Bridge • was so
great that it gave way, and many were precipitated
into the warer. One fireman was drowned, and
others were severely injured. Edward Crowley,
of Company M, was run over and instantly killed.
The Post Once with part of Saturday's mail,
was destroyed. A Mr. Kirley and a child were
killed by a wall falling upon them. Anotheo child
had his legs awfully crushed by an engine running
Tug Parrrtcroa. Ummuct.t.s.—The novelty of the
"protector" consists chiefly in the adoption of a
screw handle, which when removed from the stick
literally locks up the umbrella and renders it use.
less. The principle of appropriation hitherto so
liberally indulged is thus entirely prevented, for all
that the real owner has to do to secure his proper
ty is to pocket the small handle. The invention
is one of unusual interest.
GLOOM' Pfunrseza.—A letter in the Washing- I
tonginion, dated London, Ailing 18th, and said to
be from a gentleman who is a close observer, has
the following gloomy forebodings:—" The spirit of
discontent and rebellion is wide-spread and deep:
yet confined, I think, to the lowest class of the pop
ulation. In Ireland, law and order still rule—but
with martial hands. All parties agree that some
thing is wanting; and Parliament is about ballad
journ &session remarkable for having done nothing,
when more was demanded of it than the oldest
remember among preceding sessions for fifty years.
\I have no doubt the demonstrations of the rabble
hold the middle classes in check, otherwise there
would be different results. The immediate future
looks dark and threatening. Serious distress exists
all over the land. The potato blight is again an.
nounced ; great solicitude is felt for the grain crop,
as we have had thirty days' rain. The cholera is
approaching with firm and rapid strides, and is ex
pected before winter. All these facts paralyze
speculation, and intimidate merchants and manu
facturcrs, and winter is but three months off:"
FIRE IN POTTSVILLE.—The most destructive fire
that ever visited this flourishing town, occurred on
the night and morning of the 10th and 11th inst.
Thilocality comprises the neighborhood of Rail
Road and Centre streets, Ca/lowhi.l/ and Market
streets, and the loss estimated at 8100,000. The
sufferers are: Daniel Aurange,Geo. Mason, Pat
rick Fogarty, Patrick Curry, Thomas Howard,
Fox & Brother, F. Fpting, W. 11.11111, Foster &
Daley, Joseph Weaver, T. Pollock, Mr. Mill, F. W.
Nagle, Mr. Leib, Mr. Cochran, Mr. Hotfinan, Thom
as Foster, Glenn & Stine, and numerous small
frames. It is supposed to be Ike work of an incen
WALL Srrurer.—A writer in the tribune is ser
ving up " New York in slices." Among his de.
scriptions is one of Wall street, the great money
centre of the Union, the appearance of which,
after three o'clock, he thus describes:—"But hark
The clock strikes three. As if by magic, the bus.
tle and confusion which but now ran through the
street, ceases, arid the whole neighborhood rapidly
subsides into the calm of Sabbath. Stillness re-as.
sorts her empire. Wall street is locked up and
gone home for the day. The omnibuses in Broad
way expand with their double fares—many even
mount the step, preferring the chance of being
thrown off, or rubbed oiragainst a cab, or splashed
deplorably :and the whole living scene disa ppears—
leaving nothing but the gray stone walls and ir.
regular pavements, and innumerable tin signs, of
all that which was so lately noisy and lively Wa!l
Horton vo AN AMERLCXN AUTHOIL.—We under.
stand, says the New York Couricr, the Prussian
Minister nt Washington, Baron GEROLT, ban lately
received from the King of Prussia the g oad me.
dal of science," which he has by command of the
King forwarded to Mr. Downing, of Newburgh,
the well known Itortietilttirot writer, as a mark of
the estimation in which his works on Pomology,
Landscape Gardening and Architecture are held
in Germany. Mr. Downing's work on Fruit
Trees has reached the ninth edition in this coun
try, and is about to be translated and republished in
Germany. His work on Landscape Gardening had
lately been pronounced by Professor Lindley, of
London, superior on the whole to ony European
treatise on the subject,-on admission front an Err
glish critic of high reputation not a little gratifih
ing to American taste.
THE GRAPH IN TEICAB.--The Lavaca Herald
mentions that Captain Hutch engrafted a species
of the "English grape" on a vigorous vine of the
Mustang kind, and such was the life and vigor in.
fused into the young graft. by the parent stem, that
in the course of une season it entirely covered a
large oak tree, around whose trunk the wild vile
had been accustomed to cling for support. The
young vine bore the first season, remarks the Her
ald, at the lowest calculation, 600 bunches of
NEW SPARK ARRESTER,—Mr. James Cunning•
ham, of Cannontiburg, Penn., has lately secured
a patent for a very novel mode of destroying and
arresting sparks that issue from the smoke pipes
of locomotives and steamboats or other engines.
The sparks are forced through a perpetual shower
in a perforated spray trough, by a double fan or
blower. The water is supplied by a cistern to a
revolving bucket operated by a wheel.
INTERRSTING FACTS.-A bell rung under the wit.
ter returns a tone as distinct as Wrung in the air.
Stop one car with the finger. and press the
other to the end of a long slick ur piece of deal
wood, and if a watch be hcid at the other end of
the wood, ticking will be heard, be the wood or
stick ever so long.
Tic a poker on the middle of a strip of flannel
two or three feet long, and press your thumbs or
fingers into your ears, while you swing the poker
against an iron fender, and you will hear a sound
like that of a heavy church bell,
These experiments prove that water, wood and
flannel are good conductors of Round, for the bound
of the bell, the watch, awl the fender pass through
the water, and along the deal, end flannel to the
It must be observed, that a body in the act of
sounding is in a state of vibration, which it coin.
municates to the surrounding air—the undula
tion■ of the sound affect the car, and excite in
us the sense of sound. Sound of all kinds, it is as
certained, travels at the rate of 1.5 miles in a.
minute; the softest whisper travels as fast as the
most tremenduous thunder. The knowledge of
this fact has been applied to the measurement of
Suppose a ship in distress fire a gun, the light of
which is seen on shore, or by another vessel, 20
seconds before a report is heard, it is known to be
at a distance of twenty times 1142 feet, or Mae
more than four and a half miles.
Again if I see a vivid flash of ligbining. and in
two seconds hear a tremenduoas clap of thunder. I
know that the thunder cloud is not more than 760
yards from the place where I ani.. and I should in.
stantly retire from an exposed situation.
General Scott publishes an order, in which he
assumes command of the Eastern Divisioit of the
Army, lately assigned to him by General Orders
Nu. 49. His Head Quarters will be at New York.
General Gaines is assigned to the command of De
partments Nos. 3 and 4, Head Quarters, Baltimore;
and General Wool to command of Departments 1
and 2, Head garters, Albany.
ACQUITTAL. Or L01:118A BRIZOND.—The trial of
this woman for murdering Pierre D. Dremottd, at
his business office in Nassau street, in July, restated
in her acquittal last night. Little additional eat.
dance to that published at the time of the murder
was given.—The Court seems to have charged fa
vorably to the prisoner, who, it was proved was
married to the deceased, letters addressed by him
to her in that character, and the marriage certificate,
being produced in Court—N. Y. Coln. Ado.
Retail Lumber Target.
COLUMBIA, Friday 5ept.:15,1848.
In feria Cull Boards and Grub Plank, 8 8 00
Culling .. 11 00
2d Common " • 16 00
let Common " 22 00
Pannell iS 30 00
Hemlock " Scantling, 9 00
Pine Scantling, from 14 to 18 00
Plaster Lath, 2to 225
Shingles, ' - gtol4 GO
Columbia Retail Provision ildarbet.
Flour, $5 00 a 5 50
Wheel,l 10 a 1 20
Rye, 66 a 69
Corn, 44 a 46
Oats, 28 a 31
Hams, 8 a 10
Dried Beef, . 121 a 14
Butter, 15 a 184
Eggs, 10 a 121
Potatoes, 35 a 37
Beef, G a 8
Veal, 5 a •64
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 15, 1848
Flour—ss 75 a 5 87 for good old stock Pcnna
end Western, and $6 00 for good fresh ground;
Rye !lour $3 87h a 4 00 ; Corn meal $2 75 a
Groin—Wheat $1 20 a 1 23 for good Penn;
Rye 70 a 71 for Penn ; Corn 68 a 70 fur yellow
Iron—Penns Pigs 23 a 27 per ton for Anthracite,
and $25 a3O for Forge and Foundry Metal. Bar
?ran ranges from $7O to 75, and Blooms $55 to 70.
Lumber—The supplies are increasing. Cargo
sales of Yellow Pine Boards at $l5 a 16 per M.;
Susquehanna ,$ll a 15; Hemlock Joists, $7 a 7 all
Scantling $7 a 8.
Laths—Are in fair demand, with sales of 150,-
000 Eastern at $1 20 a 1 25 par hI. -
BALTIMORE Sept. 15,1848
The floor market at the close was firm, after an
active demand at easier rates; sales at $5 50.
Sales of white wheat at $1 16 a 1 19, and red
wheat $1 10 a 1 12; oats 33 a 35.
Prrresuia, Sept. 35,1848
The flour market is firm, with good Eastern and
home demand. Sales at $4 62} a 4 75. Wheat
commands 75 to 80 cents; yellow corn 31; oats 19c.
Rye is lower, and barley is heavy and inactive.
DAD DREATII, a disagreeable taste in the mouth
and many other unpleasant symptoms, ate always the
result of indigestion. When the food, instead of being
properly dissolved, remains In the stomach until It be
comes inn manner petrified, a deleterious fluid, called
Septic Acid, is generated In the stomach% which, mixing
with the tluld of the mouth, is certain nor only to giveht
lia.ll breath, but Is also the trite cause oP wasting of the
gums, a deposit of tartar, and decayed teeth.
Wright's Indian Vegetable Pine nor only cleanse the
stomach and bowelstif all bilious and putrid humors, and
panty the blood, but they also restore• the digestive or
gans to a healthy toile; and are thereltire certain to rev.
move a bad breath, and prevent a premature decay of the
BEWARE OF COCNTRIIFIEITS A:CD Imr:Axmxs.--Ilemeni
her. that the original and cruPy genuine Indian 'Vegetable
Pills have the written signature of WILLIAM WRIGHT on
the top label of each box.
117 - The gezetune fur sale by PRY & SPANGLER, who
are the only ainhothed Agents for Col bin. Also, by
agents nilvestised iu another column.
Principal Office, lila, Race Street, Philadelphia.
.—Mr. Seth - W. Porde,—
A Voice from Vermont
Dear Sir r—l hereby oertify that one year ago lain June,
I was violently attacked with a cold and cough, with a
lame side and staunch, and was not free from a cough
during that sunnier, In December following my cough
Increased tone alarming extent.sn that during that w in
ler 1 lest about thirty-five pouralsof flesh, and physicians
With wham I advised, could give me too relief. It was
thought by all that I should never recover. As my good
(brume would hare it, in March following, after suffer
ing exceedingly through the winter. I heard of the bene
ficial elff.cts of Winter's Unlearn of Wild Cherry, by way
of a friend who bad received the greatest benefit by the
min of the article, arid was induced by Ylm to make n
trial of it myself, and no words cart express my obliga
tions to that friend far thus recommending this snide to
hie , ari d at th e critical moment, he did, for I had not LE
ken but one bottle , before I was completely cured, and
from !hat day to this have not been troubled w ith a cough.
I can cheerfully recommend it to all.as being a remedy
of great value, hoping ethers may be induced to try It,
and thin become convinced of its merits, and perhaps
saved front the fatal grasp of consumption.
renahr like, Orange Go., Vt.. Not. 25, 1845.
For sale by SI Vll W. FOWLS, General Agent, 1.38,
Washington Street. Boston; Ash?,
Fot sale by R. WmuAtts, Front Street Columbia, Pa
Dr. Swaynes Coatroinn. SYRUP OP WILD CHERRY
AN IMPORTANT LETTER
Read the following letter from Wm. Shaw, a respecta
ble Druggist in Wilmington, N. C., a gentleman of un
doubted veracity, itt whose word the moat implicit confi
dence may he placed, another proof of the superiority of
Dn. SWAYYE'H CDMPOUND SIRUP OF WILD CHERRY. in
curing Coughs. Colds, Commatertos. Asthma, Bronchitis,
Liver Complaint, Spitting Blood, and all diseases of the
Lungs and Breast.
Wzmnxirrox, N. C., Jan. 5, 1846.
DR. SWAYNE—DEAR Sin:—You will please send me
twelve dozen, or more, as you see fit, of your Sync,. or
WILD Camay. From sides to-day. I have but a half do
zen on band ; the safes are rapidly increasing and will, I
have no doubt, continue to do so. An acquaintance of
mine called a few days ago to say he would give me a
certificate of its good effects. Ile is from the country,
and a ininister in the Methodist Church. Shortly after
obtaining the agency, I prevailed upon him to try n bottle
though 1 doubted whether any benefit would be derived.
for he, as well as myself, thought his ease was confirmed
l'7.olisuiiiption; in fact every symptom was indicative.—
Shortly after, he wrote to me to send him four or five bot
tles more. De came to town last week. I will quote his
own language: " Sir," said lie, "1 ant a new man, and I
consider it n duty I owe to the public, to tell what Dr.
Swayne's Compound Syrup of Wild Cherry bus done for
me." I will publish his certificate. and as he as generally
known rill over nor unction, I expect good results from it.
With every feeling of respect, yours truly.
Letters such as the above are tinily received from all
pans of the country, but we publish this as one of the many
proofs of its efficacy. Avoid all preparations purposing
to contain Wild Cherry. except that bearing the written
signature of Dr. Swayne, as they arc most likely quite
destitute of the article from which they borrow a name.
The lmiginnl and only) genuine article is prepared by
SIVA YNF, corner or Eighth arid line° its.. Phila
delphia. and for sale by agents in all parts of the United
States, and some parts of Europe.
Sold by AVM. A. LEADER, Columbia. and Dr. A. 11.
lIARNYI Z, York. Pn. Aug. 12, 1248.—5 t.
Most Extraordinary Work•—The Married Wo
man's PRIVATE MEDICAL COMPANION, by Dr. A.
M. MAURICEAU, Professor of Diseases of Woman,
Sixth Rwlition. lamo. PP. 250. Price SI. WOW copies
sold in three months!
Years of suffering, of physical and mental anguish to
many an affeetionnte wile, and pecunimiry difficulty to
the hushand, might have been spared by a timely posses
sion of this work.
It is intended especially for the married, or those con
templating marriage, as it discloses important secrets
which should be known to then, particularly.
Truly, knowledge is power. It as health, happiness, sc.
The revelations contained in its pagrs have proved
blessing to thousands, as the innumerable letters to the
author will attest.
Here, also, every female—the wife. the mother, the one
either budding into womanhood or the one in the decline
of years in whom nature contemplates an important
change— can discover the cause,, symptoms, and the most
efficient remedies, and most certain mode of cure, in every
complaint to which her sex is subject.
COPIES WILL 23E SENT BY MAIL FREE OF
POSTAGE TO THE PURCHASER_
Over ten thonsand copies have been sent by mail within.
three months, with perfect safety and certainty.
On the receipt of one Dollar, the ' Married Woman's
Private Medical Companion" will be sent (mailed free) to
any part of the United States. All letters must be post-paid
except those containing_a remittance) and addressed to.
. A. M. Mainiceau, 1524, New York City. Publish
ing office. 129, Liberty-at., New-York. ; -
The Marned Woman's Private Medical Companion"
is sold by Booksellers throughout the United States.
For sale at the Spy Office Colombia, Ps.
New• York. May 20, 11.44.41 m