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THE SPY & REGISTER.
SATURDAY MORNING, Augu 26, 1848
V. B. PAL.I.Ir.It is duly authorized to receive Bubscor
tions and advertibements for this paper. in the cities of
Philadelphia. New York, Baltimore, and Boston, and
E. W. Cana. Pliiladelplita.
JACOB M. Wzsrnsterzn. Lancaster city.
AVILLLS,St A. PEIRCE, Travelling Agent
CLOROX Pits= No. 151, Naimit Street. New York.
Vlrimasx TBCOLSON, S. E. Corner of Baltimore and
South streets, Baltimore,
azrir ..y of our subscribers, in town, should
not be served regularly with the " Spy," by our new
carrier, they will please call at the office.
Am TO THE Gov ration.—Gov. Johnston has ap.
pointed our worthy friend and fellow townsman,
Col.'Sam'l Shocb, uid to His Excellency.
Tim Muctrres of the reception meeting were
kindly furnished us by Mr. Brown, the Secretary ;
but having already prepared a hasty article, ex
cepting only the names, he will, we trust, excuse
the omission of the proceedings as written by him.
BARNDURNER PAPEII.---Our able contemporary,
the Pluenixville Pioneer is out for Van Buren and
Adams. Those who sympathise with the move.
merit, will, of course, cousider it their duty to help
sustain the Pioneer.
Nawa snow Inet.axo.—The intelligence from
Ireland is of so conflicting, a nature, and all the
accounts aro of such doubtful authenticity, that
we conclude to wait for the next steamer, rather
than fill our columns with what may, to-morrow,
prove to be without foundation.
That there has been a collision between the
British authorities and The Patriots, is well known;
but whether a few policemen routed the people, or
the people slew five or six thousand of the troops
is the question. Moth accounts have tellers and
receivers," and our readers can average it for them
selves as well as we could for them. One thing
only is certain, that whether successful or defeated,
the Irish have the warmest sympathies of our peo
ple; and the work of collecting means to assist
them, goes bravely on.. ',hose who intend to give
to the cause, should remember that their donations
will have double value, if promptly [laced in the
hands of the Irish Directory, New Yift.ls-eity.
".1 Mule 1101ISCIISC, 110,7
Is ,b , lkett by the wisest men."
True, but the Fancy Dress Ball at Saratoga must
have been rather a nauseating affair. We can fin
egine we see grave men and merry maidens, trans
formed into puppet-rigged clowns and rag baby
loaferesses, by the secondhand stage finery—tabby
velvet and glazed cambric, or, worse even, soiled
cheap muslin,—and flattering themselves that they
are the "very moving tpersonations" of kings,
queens, satyrs, sages, shepherdesses, and saints of
olden time. Togas, fitting for a representation of
John alive ;" state robes that might grace the
" , mock Duke" in the play, and petticoats displaying
entirely too much of the ankles, may do for strolling
Mayers who "support the legitimate drama" under
difficulties, in barns or store houses; hut for gentle
men, and especially for ladies, we can not but think
that it raibt-1- wtiten, trcely translated,
means running it into the ground. We have
THE WHIG CONVENTION winch assembled at Lan
caster on Wedneadsy last, nominated the following
Senalor—Joseph Eon ingmaclicr
Assembly—Jeremiah B. Stubbs, David G. Eshle
man, Joseph %V. Fisher, Joseph B. Hower, Daniel
Recorder—Henry 13. Bowman.
CM of the Orphans Court—Benjamin Kota
CZ'k of (tarter Sessions—David M. Martin
Gurrr Pracirn.--What is it? This question
bag been asked by thousands who have heard the
name. It is a gum, similar to that of Caouch
chouc or India Rubber, but susceptible of more va
ried uses. It is thicker and heavier. Hose and
gas piper, boot and shoe solcs,book hirjangs, canes,
buckets, bags, cloaks, costs, and various other or.
ticks are mado of it; and, altogether it may be
considered the most valuable vegetable gum ever
MARRIED UNDER THE. CASCADE.-Mr. JUDOS S.
Kimball, of Vermont, and Miss Clara Partridge, of
Massachusetts, two school teachers, were ui,ited in
wedlock under the rapids at Niagara falls, nne day
last week. Think of the torch of Hymen under a
liiirrttonter- Erts. Cizenar SOUTII.—.The statisti
cal reports of this denomination show the number
of members to be as follows: white, 334,859 ; col
ored, 127,240—t0ta1, 952,099; and the number of
Ministers, Itinerant, 1,400; local, 3,192—t0ta1,
I 7 The Peach trade between New Jersey and
the city of New York is now in full operation.
Jive steamboats are engaged in the business from
!',one point only—the lowa of Washington.
Mien Ton lext.*No was held in Utica on
4. Fridayevoning—ex-Mayor F. Hollister presiding,
the contributiona on Ilse 'pot amounted to 'MOO,
and arrangements were made to increase it.
acr A new novel by James Fennimore Cooper is
announced. It is cnti tied, " The Oa k -Opreing., nr
tho Bee Bunter, a talc of the We•t."
83 Gen. Lane of Indiana hat been appointed
Governor or Oregon, I ICC Shields who has declined
Dorrron CRAIGI. ono of the ohicet @Encore; in
the army, died at New Orleant. on the Ettit
How Doti. ?U WonLn Wa.r. Bc ! John Don
Reception of Lieut. T. D. Cochran.
On Saturday morning last, news reached this
place, that Lieut. T. D. Cochran would visit us du
ring the day, having obtained leave of absence
from his post at Fort McHenry, der that purpose.
A spontaneous assemblage of the citizens, at the
Town Hall, at 103 o'clock, was organized by the
election of R. Spear, Esq., President, Lieut. Welch,
Jno. L. Wright, G. G. Claiborne, J. Black, Vice
Presidents, and Win. Brown Secretary.
A committee of thirteen was then appointed to
meet our guest at Wrightsville, and escort him to
his home. The committee consisted of Col. Gos
sler, Col. Herr, Messrs. A. P. Moderwell,Jno.Barr,
Jos. Black, Jno. L. Wright, Geo. Wolf, J. J. Gault.
J. W. Fisher, A. R. Spangler, R. Mullison, Wm.
Matthiot, and J. H. Hunter.
A committee of thirty was also appointed to
make suitable arrangements for a more fitting and
general reception of Lieut.C. and his brave com
panions in arms, when they shall have been dia.
charged. The committee consisted of Col. Herr,
Messrs. J. 11. Hunter, Geo. Wolf, James Wright,
R. Spear, Esq., A. R. Spangler, A P. Moderwell, J.
W. Fisher; Wm. Patton, Jos. Black, J. J. Gault, J.
Barr, IL Mullison, IL Boyle, Thos. Collins, Nelson
Sutton, J. W. Wright, Col. Shinn, Jno. L. Wright,
John A. Hook, Sam'] Read, F. Bradley, M. Strein,
Esq, W,n. Brown, G. Brandt, Wm. Matthint, Col.
Gu.sler, C. M. Streit!, J. G. Iles., J W, Cottrell.
The authorities of the borough, the Mechanic's
Brass Band, and the citizens geoerally were invited
to participate in the hasty welcome, end the meet.
Mr. B. F. Griffith, the gentlemanly agent of the
B. & S. R. R. Co., furnished a separate car for the
committee; ernl at two o'clock, they were anxious.
ly awaiting the arrival of the Baltimore car at
They did not wait long; and we soon lied the
pleasure of taking by the hand one of the tritest
and warmest hearted of Pennsylvania's sons.
J. W. Fisher, Esq., on behalf of his fellow citi
zens, greeted Mr. Cochran with a very happy
speech, pledging him a hearty welcome to the
home of his boyhood, to which Lieut. Cochran re.
plied in a keling and modest manner, saying that
this public welcome he had not anticipated, and was
not prepared for, but was happy under any circum.
stances to greet the friends he saw about him.
His eye attested the truth of the few sentences he
Arriving at Columbia, three cheers were given
as Americans know how to give them, and as they
melted away, the Band took up the falling strains;
and the large concourse of citizens, under the es
cort of LIEU r. Tiros. WELstr, Marshal of the day,
moved through the principal streets, to the Town
Hall, in front of which, Col. Gosslcr, as the repre
sentative of the citizens., welcomed to his native
home, the soldier well tried, the man who in every
Position has maintained the honor of his native
Lieut. Cochran's reply was marked with the tin
selfishness that characterizes all his acts ; award
ing to the private soldiers the honor of performing
the work—and, he believed, performing it well,
while the officers wlin planned it, only shared the
dangers and the fatigues.
The prnersAinn thon moved thrntigh Mi..? and
Walnut St., to the residence ulthe venerable father
of our guest, Dr. It. E. Cochran, when the citizens
left Mtn to the scarcely warmer or more earnest
greetings of his family.
The kindly feelings with which Lieut. Cochran
was received, have a more abiding and holier ori•
gin than the honors usually paid to the returning
soldier. Every soldier who has returned from
Mexico, who; knew him there, tells the same story
of his forgetfulness of self, his attention to the coin.
fort of his men; and the anecdote with which our
readers are already acquainted, of his giving his
berth to a sick comrade, and taking a chance on
the deck, on his way down the river from Pittsburg,
is but a hint at the sacrifices he was always ready
to make for a brother soldier.
We feel assured that the reception our citizens
will give him and his brothers in arms, at the close
of their term of service, will be 'worthy of him, of
them, and of us.
The Reception Committee.
The committee of thirty to make arrangements
for the reception of Lient. Cochran and the men
under his command met at the Washington Hotel,
on Monday evening, and made the following ar.
A committee, consisting ofCols. Herr, Spangler,
and Gosslcr, was appointed to collect funds to de.
fray the expenses incident to the occasion. Said
committee was further instructed to invite Capt. W.
F. Small, of Phila., and Limits. Welch, Haldeman,
and Hambright, and al.° to procure a cannon, am
munition, and cannonier.
J. W. Fisher, A. P. Ikloderwell, and Wm. Mut
dila were appointed a committee to prepare rcgu
Cul. Philip Gos4er was elected orator or the
A committee of thirteen, as follows, were ap
pointed to meet Lieut. Cochran and his men on
their arrival at Wrightsville arid escort them into
town : J. J. Gault, J. Black, A. P. Moderwell, A. R.
Spangler, J. H. Hunter, Geo. Wolf, N. Sutton, Sam'l
Shoch,R, Mullison, J. A. Hook, Wm. Matthiot, J.
W. Cottrell, and J. W. Fisher.
DAN'''. HERR, President.
J. W. FasiEß, Secretary.
TIIE STABILITY or TILE UNION.—Gen. Cushing in
a recent speech at Newburyport, Mass., justly re
marked that ours was at the present moment the
only stable government in the world. "We have
seen," lie said," within the last few months the old
monarchies of Europe overthrown on the instant
by mere popular tumults, such as would be wholly
harmless in this country. In Paris, Vienna, Ber
lin, Milan, Naples,a mere mob has been able to de
stroy the old and apparently time-compacted insti
tutions of the greatest empires. What could a
popular tumult in New York effect against the
Constitution of the United States? Though it were
as numerous, as resolute, and as well-armed as the
socialists and communists of Paris, and should
maintain a four .lays' fight in the streets, it would
have no more affect on the integrity and stability
of the Union, than the blast of a winter's wind
against the mountain aide."
Tree ExrEcTED Consr.--Public attention has
been recently drawn to the anticipated return of the
great comet of 1264, 1556, after an absence from
our system of 292 years. This great comet made
its appearance on the sth of March, 1556, passed
its perhelion on the 21st of April, and was lost to
sight two days afterwards. It was first seen in the
sign of Libra; whence rushing with an immense
velocity, (it completed 70 deg. W, and 30 deg, N.
of its course within four days,) it touched the wing
of Virgo, passed below the knee of Bones, whence
it ascended to Andromeda, there to linger awhile,
and recede towards the northern Fish and vanish.
At first its heliocentric motion was retrograde—at
last direct. In the intermediate course it was most
swift, despatching 15 degrees daily. The nucleus
(or body) presented the aspect of a bright globe of
flame equivalent to a half moon, but the rays and
colors varied and interchanged like the flickering
of a flame agitated by the wind. The tail was
moderately long and much attenuated; at first pre
senting a martial aspect, but subsequently dissolv
ing into a pale and livid complexion ; the stream
of rays was denser near the head, and more rati
fied towards the extremity of the tail, which at
first pointed eastward, but as the comet mounted to
the north, the train look a southerly direction.
This comet has been conjectured to be identical
with that mighty one which startled Europe in the
year 1264, so particularly deseribLd by Palreologus,
Zuinger, Ca tvisius, Matthew Paris, and other dire- •
:Odors of that period, and should the approach of
this comet crown the other wonderful occurrences
of this eventful year, it will afford another astrn.
not»icul triumph; as the comet will then have
completed its twentieth revolution round the sun
since the creation of the world.
A DEN or COUNTERFEITERS.—The Boston Tray. ,
eller of the 15th inst., aye, a strange discovery was
accidentally made on Wednesday last, at an ancient
house in the town of Brighton, in the vicinity of the!
Worcester railroad, ut the "Cambridge Crossing," I
so called. As a Mr. Howard, the present occupant
of the house was at work in his cellar, the earth
partially gave way, and brought to light a room of
some twelve feet in depth, with plank sides and top.
The roof of this underground den was about four
feet below the surface, and was entered by a trap
door and a pair of steps. This much of the gen.
eral appearance of things was ascertained, and a
removal of the earth, which hes caved in, will,
without doubt, bring to light more particulars of
this curious affair. Mr. Howard was enabled, by
a partial breaking away of the planking, to hook
out several kegs from the room, one of which was
about half full of counterfeit American half dollars,
all of the date of 1833. Attached to the keg was
what is supposed to have been a machine for polish.
ing the coin. A sack, in which to dcpositc tools
was also got out.
The house has been visited by hundreds, since
the accidental dcvclopements. The room is, we
learn, to be thoroughly examined. Of course there
are a thousand rumors rife in the neighborhood as
to this wonderful discovery. The house, nearly a
century old, has long had the reputation (no doubt
purposely produced by the counterfeiters) of being
haunted. It was formerly inhabited by a mariner
named drown, whose ship foundered at sea, and all
on board perished. It is also stated that a black
man, a servant in the house, disappeared many
years ago, and is supposed to have been murdered.
TUE ALBANV FIRE.--The Argus of Monday
says it is possible that the amount of loss by the
late fire lias been somewhat exaggerated, but it
will not fall below a million and a half of dollars,
and may reach two millions. Of this large sum
probably from $600,000 to 9700,000 was protected
by insurance, all of which will be promptly paid.
Various improvements arc contemplated in re
building the burnt district, and meanwhile the suf.
ferers have selected other sites for the temporary
prosecution of their various vocations. Many lib
eral contributions in aid of the losers havn been
made as well in Albany as in New York and
COAL.—The Philadelphia Ledger, of yesterday,
says, the price of coal was never lower in this city
than at present. In consequence of the production
of the mines being greater than the demand there
is an overstock, and it is believed that the article
can be bought at prices below the cost of mining
and transportation. The consequence is that many
families have begun to lay in their winter stock,
and the retail orders are greater than ever known
at this season of the year. It therefore behooves
those who would buy cheaply to embrace the pre
sent opportunity, as the moment the pressure on the
market is relieved prices will go up.
1:13 The Pittsburg Gazette says, clouds of white
winged insects were to be seen flying over the
river on Thursday and Friday nights.—At the
spot where the Greenwood packet lands, in Man.
cheater, a glass lantern bad been placed on the
wharf boat, and the little creatures had gathered
about the light in millions until literally a bushel
might have been shoveled up in that place alone,
while around the furnaces of the boat, the lamps,
and all over the surface of the water, they lay dy.
ing in inconceivable quantities.
Tim WOMEN OF OREGON.—The following spirited
reply was given by the young ladies of the Willa,
mette Valley, Oregon, to an appeal from Captain
Maxon, that they would use their influence in
bringing volunteers into the field.
"In reply, we hereby, one and all of our own free
good will, solemnly pledge ourselves to comply with
that request; and to evince, on all suitable occa.
sions, our determination and contempt for nny and
all young men who can, but will not, take up arms
and march at once to the scat of war, to punish the
Indians who have not only murdered nur friends,
but have grossly murdered our sex. We never can,
and never will bestow our confidence upon a man
who has neither patriotism nor courage enough to
defend his country and the girls—such a one would
never have a sufficient sense of obligation to defend
and protect his wife.
" Do not be uneasy about your claims and your
rights in the valley ; while you are defending the
rights of your country, she is watching yours.
You must not be discouraged—fight on—be brave
—obey your officers—and never quit your posts till
the enemy is conquered; and when you return in
triumph to the valley, you shall find us ready to
rejoice with you. as we are now to sympathise with
you in your sufferings and dangers."—(Signed by
fifteen young ladies.]
STEAMBOATS IN 1810.--We are indebted to a
friend, says the N. American, for a copy of the
"New England Palladium," of the date of Tues
day, May 22, 1810,—a specimen of the daily press
which, as compared with the journals of our gene
ration, has an appearance of the most primitive an
tiquity, being printed on a. coarse dingy paper,
which would not pass muster now for white wrap.
png.paper. We judge that editors had an easy
berth in 1810, as we cannot find one single origi.
nol editorial article or paragraph in the whole pa.
pet, the columns being filled up with miscellanies,
mails, foreign news and advertisements.
Bnt it is not the contemptible appearance of this
old paper, illustrating the extraordinary progress
made by the newspaper press of the United States
within the term of the last thirty-eight years, which
we wished to make the subject of comment; but
rather an article which we find extracted into the
Palladium, from a London paper of that period, on
the subject. of " Steamboats," which is so far re
markable, as that the London editor, after a few
harmless flourishes about the priority of British in
volition, describes the successful adoption of steam
to river navigation as an " important discovery,''
"brought to perfection in America," which ought
to be introduced" from America into Europe," and
suggests the procuring, if possible, of " a plan and
description of these steamboats," which might be
made use of in British " navigable risers and ca.
• nals,"—also in lowing "ships out of the harbor,"
and, perhap.., "be of service, if the system of iron
railways be extended, by applying the same prin.
elides to the carriage travelling on thein,"—to say
nothing of certain military- availabilities, which
' the English writer also hints.
The following is the article,—which no one can
read without feeling how far, in the great improve.
merit of steam navigation, tine free reptile of the
United States, in 1810, was ahead of all' Europe,
and how freely, at that moment, the British press
admitted the fact, arid recommended an incitation
of the example:
Steamboat.—They claim in America the honor
of a most important discovery —" the art of navigat-
Mg a vessel, wish a keel of 160 feet lung, so as to
go by force of steam six miles an hour, without a
sail, and against wind and tide." The idea, how
ever, has often been particularly tried in England
and it is believed that the principal merit of the
discovery in question is owing to a native of Scot
land, born at the Calton hill, in Edinburg, where a
number of ingenious mechanics reside—the son of
one of whoin, after living at Glasgow as an Engi
neer, went some years ago to America, and having
a mechanical turn, completed, with the assistance
of un American gentleman, this important invention.
Steamboats, as they are called, are already estab
lished on the Hudson, where the tide runs at the
rate of six miles an hour ; and it is soon to be ex.
tended to the Ohio and the Missisippi. In the New
York Steamboat, there are four cabins, in which
they can dine and lodge 100 people, and they trav
el with the same case, and receive as much arid as
good accommodation, us can be obtained on the
best roads and in the best regulated runs in Europe.
The choicest wines are furnished and the strictest
order and decorum are kept up.—They can go
200 or 300 miles in all sorts of weather, within an
hour of the regulated time. As this discovery has
already been brought to such perfection in America,
it were to be wished that a plan and description of
these Steamboats could be obtained, for they might
be of use in our navigable rivers and canals, and on
' the Scotch and Irish Lakes; in particular they
eepectues which have been
made to navigation in Lushness, as a part of the
Caledonian Canal.—They might be the means of
taking ships out of a harbor, and would thus render
navigation more certain; and they might also beof
service, if the system of iron railways wcre eaten
dad, by applying the same principles to the carriage
travelling on them. Even in a military point of
view, advantage might be derived from the inveu.
lion; for it might enable our troops to attack places
which otherwise, owing to the wind and tide, they
could not approach. On the Ganges and large
rivers in the East, such boats might be of singular
utility.—lt is to be hoped that these hints will at
tract the attention of sonic individual who may
have it in his power to bring this important discov
ery from America to Europe.—London paper.
TR% SIERRA MADRE PROJECT.—TiIe New Or.
leans Crescent, of the 7th inst., notices the arrival
the day previous in that city, of Cul. IL L. Kinney,
of Texas, who, having been many years a trader
on the Mexican frontier, became at one time as a
Texan spy, prisoner in the dungeons of Monterey
and Matainoras, which he has had the pleasure
since to assist our arms in storming. The follow.
ing, from the crescent, purports to be disclosures as
to his future operations:
"He is now at the head of a bold enterprise—
that of freeing from Mexican misrule the Northern
Provinces —or, more properly speaking, that sec
tion of country lying between the Rio Grande del
Norte and the Sierra Madre. The many capitalists
who have engaged in this business, sought Col.
Kinney, as the bold and daring spirit to work out
the scheme of emancipation so much desired by
those who, having once tasted the sweets of liberty,
(though under an invader's banner,) are loth again
to submit themselves to the bad rule of their own
misnamed Republic. Col. K. has also advanced
for this object a large proportion of his own private
fortune, and has shipped, from Vera Cruz, already,
wagons, arms, ammunition, etc. In a day or two
we may give our readers some particulars on the
subject; and at the same time, tell who were the
projectors and originators of the republic of Sierra
Tire Thlrmaaarn.—TheLouisvilleJournal adverting
to a suit pending in the Court ofAppeals in Ken
tucky, and soon to be tried, of Morse et ally. 0 '
Reilly for an infringement of Morse's patent, says
that Professor Morse is expected at Louisville to
attend the trial. Thp Journal continues:
We have noticed a statement in some of the news.
papers charging Henry O'Reilly with a disposi.
Lion to do wilful injustice to the patentees of
Morse's instrument, but we do not believe that
Professor Morse himself ascribes any such disposi
tion to his generous and high minded opponent.
Without designing to say anything on the matters
in legal controversy between the parties in this
telegraphic suit, we think it due to truth to say
Lhat in our opinion Mr. O'Reilly has evinced no
disposition to do wrong to Professor Morse and his
assignees so far as his contract with them is con.
The amount of stock which Mr. 0' Reilly holds
in readiness to transfer to Professor Morse is no
ordinary fortune; it would renumerate the worthy
Professor far beyond what any other patentee has
ever obtained in this country. The contract calls
far one-fourth of the stock in the line fiom
delphia to St. Louis, and that amount, with the
dividends arising from it, has been faithfully se
cured to Professor Morse. We have heard the a.
mount estimated as equal in respect to the amount
of dividends on half a million of government stock.
We have reason to hope that this legal contro
versy will soon be brought to an issue, and the
public mind will be quieted whenever the courts
JORDAN AND DEAD SEA.
By the late Lieu. Molyneux of H. M. Ship Spartan.
On the 20th of August last, Lieut. Molyaeux
landed at Acre, taking with him three volunteer
seamen and an interpreter' ' and having hired cam
els, horses, and attendants , he started early the fol
lowing morning with the ships dingey,en route to
Tiberias. For the first two hours the road was ex
cellent. On nearing the village of Abilin its char
acter altered ; the country became hilly, and some
awkward passes were encountered. The village of
Tarim was reached the same night alter ton conse
cutive hours of travelling. On the following day
the party arrived at Tiberias,where they encamped
outside the walls of the town, and near the edge of
the lake. Immense herds ofcamels were seen teed
ing in different directios. From the hills overlook.
log Tiberias the prospect was magnifieent;—Dje
bet Sheikh, smothered in clouds, was distinctly seen
to the left, bearing N. N. E.; in front where the blue
waters of Tiberias, surrounded by fine ranges of
hills; and to the left Djebel Sheikh the white ruins
of Safed. On the 23d they embarked on the lake,
which is described as being of greater size then is
generally laid down;—from Tiberias to the eastern
shore not less than eight or nine miles, and from
the entrance of the Jordan on the north to its exit
I on the south end, eighteen miles; the latitude of the
northern extremity of the lake is 32 deg. 49. inin
0. sec., about miles to the south of the point usu
ally marked. The Jordan is described as shallow,
and crossed by numerous weirs, which gretly
structed the passage of the boat. In many places
it might have been crossed by stepping from stone
to stone without wetting the shoes; its waters are
muddy and full of fish ; its course tortuous in the
extreme, arid some waterfalls were found. Great
reluctance was manifested by the natives towards
the purposed decent of the river, and every possible
obstacle thrown in the way. The Sheikhs deman
ded in some eases exorbitant sums for permission
to pass through their provinces; and altercations
annoying and incessant, were generally termina
ted by u display of fire-arms, and the threat to shoot
them unless they allowed the party to proceed.
On the 3d of September Lieut. Mulyneux embarked
oti the Dead Sea. The breeze gradually freshened,
till there was quite enuugh sea fur the dingy: steer
ing about south by west large patches of white
frothy foam were several times passed; and as the
sea got up there was heard a most unusual noise,
something like breakers ahead. at 2 A. AI., on
the 4th, considering they must be approaching the
south end of the sea, they hauled to the wind and
stood over towards ie western mountains; and al
daylight were about five miles from the peninsula.
Front Raabe! Fcslik all to the north, nearly down
to the peninsula to the south, the mountains on the
western side rise, almost like a perpendicular wall,
to a height of 1,200 or 1,500 feet. The peninsula
is connected with the main land by a low neck, so
that at a distance it would be considered an island.
Having arrived at what was thought to be the
deepest water, soundings were obtained at 225
fathoms; the arming of the lead was clear with
sonic pieces of rock salt attached to it. Two other
casts of the lead were taken at different times: one
gave 178, the second 183 fathoms, with bluish
mud or clay. The water throughout the Dead Sea
is of a dirty, sandy color, resembling that of the
Jordan; it is extremely destructive to everything
that comes ill contact with it, particularly metals,
and produces a very unpleasant, greasy hitch when
allowed to remain un the skin; it has also a very ob
noxious smell. At noon on the sth they returned
to the tent whence they embarked,thoroughly done
up and thankful for having escaped. Every thing
and budy in the boat was covered with a nasty
shiny substance from the water; iron was coroded
and looked es ircovered with coal tar. A broad
strip of white foam running nearly north and south
throughout the whole length of the sea was observed,
not commencing where the Jordan empties itself,
but some miles to the westward; it appeared to
be constantly bubbling and in stsotion, and over
this, on both nights, was a white line of cloud far
above the surface. Having disembarked, the dingy
was secured upon the backs of two camels, and the
party proceedid to Jerusalem,— within the walls
of winch town entered the boat of a British ship of
war.—Lieut. Molyneaux returned by way of Jaffa ;
and died shortly after his return to the shib.—Lott.
STATISTICS OF THE WAIL.--The whole number
of Americans who were killed in the recent war,
including the war of the Rio Grande and that of
Vera Cruz, is estimated at 2,000 and the wounded
4,000. It is impossible to say how many of the
latter have died in consequence of their wounds,
but we should suppose not less than one-fourth,
say 1,000, making in all 3,000 deaths from battle.
This, however, bears but a small portion to the
number who have sur.k under disease.
We state under the authority of several persons
of rank, that on the left flank of the castle of Pc
rote, there are GOO American graves, all victims of
A still larger number perished at the Capiial—
the deaths there for a considerable time were one
thousand monthly, and we learn that at no time did
they tall below 300 to 4do.
The first Mississippi regiment that went out to
the Rio Grande, buried 135 on the banks of that
river before it ever went into battle, and finally
brought back less titan one-third of their number.
They suffered dreadfully at Buena Vista.
The first and second Pennsylvania regiments
recently returned, went out 1,600 strong (000
each) brought home nbobt GOO of their original
number—about 9.00 fell in battle, nearly 900 died,
and about 600 were discharged as unfit for duty
—how many of the latter have since died is of
The third and fourth Tennestee regiments, also
recently returned, lost 360 by death—neither of
these regiments have been in action.
Captain Naylor of Pennsylvania took down a
company of 104 men, he brought back eeventeen
Re entered the battle of Contreras with 23 men,
ho brought 18 out of it.
The most frightful instance of mortality, how
ever, that we have beard of, was in that gallant
corps, the Georgia Battalion, commanded by a
gallant and accomplished officer, Col. Seymour.
They were considered acclimated, and actually
suffered much less while in the lower country,
than when marched into the interior on the high
land. The battalion went to Mexico 419 strong;
about 2.20 actually died; a large number were dis
charged with broken-down, ruined constitutions;
and many of them have since gone to their graves;
and the battalion was reduced to thirty-four men
fit for duty! On one parade., when a certain com
pany was called, that had numbered upwards of
100 men, a single private answered to the call and
was its sole living representative! The captain,
the three lieutenants, the four sergeants, and the
four corporals, (every commissioned and non-cotn
missioned officer) were dead:
We have heard from the officers of other re
giments. details very similar to those we have
given above, which may be taken as about the
fair average losses of all the volunteer regiments.
The regulars did not suffer to the same extent.
Such is war! such are the results over which we
are called upon to rejoice !-11: 0. Bulletin.
We have been looking at a catalogue of" the
contents of the Stowe House," near Buckingham,
London, the sale of which commenced on the 15th
of August, and was to be continued each day there
after until the 30th of September—a period of
Thirty-seven days. Among the articles to be sold
are choice objects of art, which have been long col
lecting, extensive cellars of wine, some of which
are of the rarest kinds. A service of plate of more
than eight hundred pieces; the contents of the
State drawing rooms and dressing rooms, the State
bed chamber, of the armor rooms, where are stored
the relics of days long past—Co ats of Chain Mail,
Battle Axes, Helmets, Shields, Mat-lock Guns, and
Cannon, but also stacks of modern implements of
warfare, among which are numerous swords and
rifles, and two hundred muskets with bayonets,
But the articles of chief attraction, and those
which remain still accessible to collectors and men
of taste in this country, as the sale of them will
commence on the 12th of September, are found in
the Galleries of Paintings. Here are originals
from the pencils of the most celebrated Masters—
Salvator Rosa, Corregio, Claude Lorraine, N. Pons
sin, L. da Vinci, Murillo, Titian, Guido, (Adam
and Eve, &c.) Scarcely a painter of the Dutch
and other modern schools but has here a relic of
his greatness. Rembrandt, Reubens, Vernet, Cuyp,
Luysdale, Victour, Berghern, Van Dyck, C. Dolce,
Gainsborough—.are each represented again and
again, end the collection is especially rich in the
productions of Sir Joshua Reynolds. Stanfield's
well known painting of the Wreckers off Calais,
and the far more celebrated Chandoire Pfrtrait of
Shokspeare, with its whole history. But it would
be Impossible in a short notice to give a summary
of a catalogue of nearly three hundred pages.
This is one of those remarkable sales, occurring
only once in a long time, and which are interesting
to the whole world.—N. Y. Jour. Corn.
Tue Caivacit GRIEVANCE IN IRELAND.—That all
the complaints of English injustice towards Ireland
are not imaginary, the following statement of facts
made before the House of Commons will prove. It
is, however, to this precise griedance that, Lord
John Russel and Sir G. Grey have recently referred,
and for which in the name of the British govern.
ment they promise a remedy.
In round numbers the Irish people were 8,500,000
of whom 7,000,000 were admitted to be Roman
Catholics, 700,000 were of the Church of England,
700,000 Presbyterians, and 100,000 Wesleyans and
other dissenters. How were the clergy of those
bodies supported? The clergy of the 7,000,000,
amounting to 4000 in number, were supported by
the voluntary contributions of the people. The
Presbyterians of Ireland received a regium denim
of 36,0001., whilst the established clergy received
700,0001. a year. The clergy of 7,000,000 received
nothing; the clergy of the 700,000 received 700,.
0001, a year.
Unquestionablyit is a real grievance for Catholics
to be compelled to pay for the support of a religion
in which they do not believe— for a church, where
they do not worship. Mr. Reynolds, the member
of Parliament, who drew attention to time whole
state of facts, hoped, ho said, to see the time when
every man would pay his own clergymen as ho
paid his doctor. Some of the Church members of
Parliament were shocked at his heterodoxy, but is
it not the only true, safe, just, and honest system,
and the only way of bringing about a separation of
Church from State ?—N. Y. Express.
TILEATILICALS tN ENGLAND.--We extract the follow.
ing from the correspondence of the National Intel
ligencer. It shows that the British drama is in
anything but a flourishing condition:
'• Mr. Afacready is about revisiting the United
States, in search of that patronage which he cannot
find at home. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Keen have
only temporary engagements, and Mrs. Butler is
rarely heard olin London. The British theatre
has ceased to command the interest and respect of
the middle class of the community, which demands,
in the present age, something more rational and
moral, instead of the light trifling pieces, the exag
gerated low and broad humor, which now occupy
the stage to a degree that has driven all sensible
men from the theatre. Eliglish actors play entire..
ly to the taste and capacity of the gallery ; Italian
singers and French dancers exert themselves to
please the fashionable circle ; whilst the great mass
of the British public, between these extremes, seek
amusements and places of resort more in keeping
with their characters and tastes. The success of
Mr. Phelps with the legitimate drains, a good stock
company, and a moderately-sized house at saddler's
wells, justifies these opinions. A combination of
authors, actors, and wealthy patrons can alone re
susitatc the draina.'
WASIIINGToN NATIONAT. MONUMENT.—TI/C foun
dation of this great structure, the Washington In
telligencer says, is moving upward as rapidly as
the nature of such a work will admit. It is eighty
feet square, and of solid stone. The masonry is
said to be so far most skilfully and carefully exe
cuted, and promises to do great credit to all con
cerned in the erection of this magnificent memori
al o f the gratitude of the American people to the
illustrious Father of his Country.
A Moslem.. DEVOTEE.-M. Ole Bull, the cola
bratcd Norwegian violinist, is now working as a
journeyman in the manufactory of M. Youillume, a
Parisan musical instrument maker, in the hope of
being enabled to make a violin that shall equal the
tones of those made by the celebrated Stradivarus,
of Cremona; and for this purpose he has brought
from Norway wood more than 200 years old.
Retail Lumber Market.
COLUMBIA, Friday August 24, 1848.
Inferior Cull 13cMtda and Grub Plank, 3 8 00
Culling 11 00
2dCoin mon " 16 00
Ist Common " 22 00
Pannell 30 00
Hemlock " Scantling, 9 00
Pine Scantling, from 14 to 18 00
Plaster Lath, 2to 2 25
Shingles, 8 to 14 00
Columbia Retail Provision 11/Larket.
$5 00 a 5 50
95 a 1 00
62 a 65
40 a 43
28 a 30
8 a 10
121 a 14
12i a 15
10 a I2i
45 a SO
G a 8
5 a 64
PHILADELPHIA, AI. THAI 24,1848
Flour—ss 25 a 5 50 for good old stock Pcnna
and Western. and $5 311 1 for good fresh ground ;
2ye flour $3 81.1 a 3 871; Corn meal $2 75 a
Grain—Wheat $1 08 a 1 ]0 fdr good Penn;
Rye 70 a 71 for Penn ; Corn 58 as 9 fur yellow
Iron—Pcnna PigV3 a 27 per ton for Anthracite,
and $25 a3O for Forge and Foundry Metal. Bar
Iron ranges from $7O to 75, and'Blooms $55 to 70.
Lumber—The supplies arc increasing. Cargo
sales of Yellow Pine Boards at $l5 a 16 per M.;
Susquehanna ,$ll a 15; Hemlock Joists, $7 a 7 50;
Scantling $7 a 8.
Laths—Aro in fair demand, with sales of 150,-
000 Eastern at $1 20 a 1 25 per M.
BALTIMORE August, 24, 1848.
The flour market at the close was firm, after an
active demand at easier rates-.
sales at $5 In.
Sales of white wheat at 81 08 a 1 18, and red
wheat $1 00 a 1 05; oats 33 a 35.
Prrrssuito, August 23,1848
The flour market is firm, with good Eastern and
home demand. Sales at $4 184 a 4 25. Wheat
commands 80to 81 cents ; yellow corn 3i oats 19c
Rye is lower, and barley is heavy and inactive.