The Columbia spy. and literary register. (Columbia, Pa.) 1848-1848, August 19, 1848, Image 2

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    the most judicious training of each of her children
from infancy. She possessed much decision of
- character and never swerved from her purpose to
yield a too selfish desire of one of her offspring,
and they understood her character. But kindness
and love towered above everything else; and all
felt it and imbibed the same disposition. Having
lost her adviser, she made her children her confi
dentin's, and frequently asked advice of them, even
the youngest, of six years of age. This increased
their confidence in her; and likewise induced in
them habits of reflection, investigation and fore
sight, so that they manifested an independence of
mind and decision of character and judgment far
above most children of their ages.
To spend an evening with them and witness
their politeness toward one another, their obedi
ence, their love and tenderness, their order and de
corum in every respect, would so soothe, calm down
and mellow my feelings, that I would return to my
study refreshed, strengthened in my purpose to v.:A
always on the law of love, happy in soul and, pr e .
pared to enter again with vigor upon it:,
Why may not every family cira',c 'ea as lovely
as this ono? They would be .:,c) each member
would be actuated, in all th'.rit,rs only by love. The
jarring and contention to sdlen witnessed in fami.
lies, would all ceefle, should the law of kindness
become a rule Woich every one would obey ; and
every &mily then would be a little heaven.
SATURDAY MORNING, Augu. 19, 18,18
V. B. PALmEn. is duly authorired to ref rive subscrip..
tions and adt•crta,ements for this paper. iu the cities at
Philadelphia, New York, Baltimore, and Boston, mid
receipt therefor.
E. W. CARR, Philadelphia.
JAC.)II M. Wr-TrirArrrna. Lancaster tiny.
WitmAat A. PICRCE, Travelling Agent.
Canal Paarv, No. 1.51, Nas.rat Street. New York.
Tnz Ileuszn Fsstmv.—ily reference to our ad
vertising columns, it wi'.l sc an th a t this eel°.
brated musical troupe w give another concert to.
night at the Lyccut•.t Hall, instead of the Town
Our citizens r.lay prepare themselves for a rich
treat, such an rme as, perhaps, they have never had
before in CO um'ole. The Hansen] have not only,
by their e*.ce•Alent performances, elicited the ap
plause u r . _emperors, Kings, Princes,and men in
high Pl.aces, in those portions of the old World
leb'ere music is considered one of the very highest
ccomplishments, but of the most enlightened and
refined American audiences in our Atlantic cities
and fashionable watering places. We see come
highly complimentary notices of their perfbrman
ens in the various papers where they have visited.
Company have engaged the services of Edwrad F.
Gay, Esq., Engineer, to make surveys end exami
nations for a branch from their road, to Marietta
and this place. At the last session of the Legisla
ture, the Company obtained a supplement to their
charter, authorizing them to construct a branch
between Alountjoy and Portsmouth, extending to
Marietta and Columbia. Mr. Gay, we understand,
will be on the road in a few days, with on efficient
engineer corps, making the necessary surveys and
examinations preparatory to an early commence
ment of the work.
from the Pittsburg papers that the subscription of
20,000 shares of the stock of this Company by the
Commissioners of Allegheny county has been anal.
ly consummated . It is stipulated that this sub.
scription, together with the additional sum of one
million of dollars shall be expended in the construe.
lion of the road from Pittsburg eastwardly to the
Allegheny mountain. Other conditions, which
were also accepted, require that the terminus of the
road shall bo within the city of Pittsburg, and that
the Railroad Company shall pay 6 per cent. interest
on this subscription until the road is finished.
Oxsoorc—A bill for the organization of the ter.
rilory of Oregon, introduced eller the defeat of the
'"Compromise Bill," passed the house of Rcprc.
sentatives last. week, with a section embodying the
language of 1757, prohibiting slavery in that terri
tory. The Senate passed the bill with the Mis
souri Compromise attached. The House refused to
concur in the amendment, and on Sunday morning
the Senate, after an exciting and stormy session of
a day and a night, I eceded from its amendment, by
a vote of 29 to 25. The bill, therefore, with the
prohibitory elause,is TILE LAW OP "lIIE LAND.
Cattroasia.The following items are gleaned
from laic files of the San Francisco Star by the St.
Louis Republican a
A large emigration from China may soon be ex
pected there. Some of the "Celestials" had al.
ready made their appearance.
An immense mine of silver had been discovered
in the valley of Sin Jose, four miles from the town
of that name, by Mr. J. F. Recd. The vein is de
scribed as being three and a hall feet thick, hay
ing an uninterrupted run east for three miles, the
depth unknown.
OnecoN.—The following are the nominations
confirmed by the SCIVIiC as the officers of the new
Territory of Oregon:
Secretory—! intzing Pritcheite, of Penna.
Chief Justice.—William Bryant, of Indinno.
Associate Judge.—James Turncy, of Illinois.
District Judge.—Poter IL Burnett, of Oregon.
Attorney aeneral•—bane W. R. Bromley, of
New York.
31arshal.—Joseph L. Meek, of Oregon.
GOVERNOR or Onroots.—The President hna ap
pointed the bravo and talented Gcn. IAS. SHIELDS,
late a. Brigadier in the Volunteer service, Governor
of the new Territory of Oregon.
norros Citamorryrr.—We are obliged—since we
must hare your saying.—t o copy them at Fecond
hand. Why not e.t.
GRAHAM'S MAGAZINE fin September ie received,
and is embellished with two epiendni engraving!,
Fashion plate, Jlneic, &c.,
Goner's LADY'S Boorc.—The September number
or this worthy Magazine is received end is well
worth a quarter.
ri" Gen. SIETZLOS declines Um appointment of
Governor of Oregon.
33Congress adjourned on Monday, after a ties
lion of eight and a half month..
The Baltimore American, speaking of the pro
position by the Hudson's Bay Company to cede to
the United States all their possessions in Oregon,
says:—The important proposition said to be made
to our Government by the Hudson's Bay Eoln";:sny,
and the Puget's Sound Company is exci!:ing eonsid.
erable interest. They propose to 'led° to us a tract
of territory larger than the S
;ate of New York, for
the reported amount of ono million dollars. This
tract of country os.'„braces all the military ports on
the northern tar.k of the Columbia river, and its
session us, would forever prevent any collision be
-I.l.iis country and England in regard to points
'eft unsettled by the Ashburton treaty. A number
of distinguished Senators, among whom are Messrs.
Webster, Calhoun, and Benton, are said to be favor
able to the proposition.
By the treaty of 1846, certain possessions and
rights south of latitude 49° were guaranteed to the
above mentioned companies until transferred, on
proper conditions, to our Government; and it ap•
pears that Sir John Henry Pilley, the Governor of
the Hudson's Bay Co., and agent of the Puget's
Sound Co., represented to Lord Palmerston the cx.
pediency of the transfer of the territorial right,
property, and interests of the two Companies to the
U. S. Government, and that Lord Palmerston, read
ily embracing the project, instructed Mr. Cramplon,
the British Charge, to bring it before this Govern.
ment. His letter to Mr. Buchanan is very strong;
and Mr. Buchanan's communication to the Senate,
urging the acceptance of the propositions, presents
incontrovertible arguments in favor of it.
"Speaking of this subject, the Washington cor.
respondent of the New York Tribune has the fol.
lowing remarks, which will serve further to eluci.
date the matter:
The character of this property and the rights
conflicting with those of our own citizens, enjoined
by the Hudson's Bay Company, would seem to
have suggested to the President and Mr. Bectrarcas;
the policy and necessity of inserting late the Treaty
some clause requiring time extinguishment of the
title of these Companies to the privileges and pos
sessions they had previously claimed and main
tained in full.
The event justifies their sagacity. Such privi
leges in the hands of foreign chartered companies
have already excited the jealousy and ill.will of
our citizens settled in the Oregon Territory. This
111-will may burst out into acts of aggression, and
the two nations may be precipitated into a war, the
losses and calamities of width will bear no proper.
tion to the cuu.cs which provoked it. Fur, us Lime
population increases, this feeling of jealousy will
become more inveterate and uncontrolable.
The two nations are obliged to keep military
statiorni'and forces in the vicinity of these posses
sions to watch over the interests of their several
citizens. The British Government had withdrawn
a part of its troops on the ratification of the Treaty
—but latest accounts indicate to them, says Sir
George Simpson, but just arrived thence, the mecca.
sity of ordering others there.
Putting aside the political considerations that
seem strongly to urge the necessity of acquiring
to ourselves the exclusive navigation of the Colum.
bia river, and of those portions of the trade and
' territory now enjoyed by,British subjects—in a
commercial point of view, the arrangement for the
purchase of the titles and possessions of the Com
panies, at the mica proposed by them, viz: $1,000,.
000, would be most advantageous.
By the term "possessory rights" in the Treaty
of 1846, is meant,secording to the construction put
upon it by the Hudson's Bay Company, the right
to cultivate the soil, cut down and export the timber,
to carry on the fisheries, to trade for furs with the
natives, and all other rights enjoyed previously to
framing the Treaty—over, to an extent of country
as large as the State of New York.
These rights could be extinguished by an ar
rangement like the one proposed; and we should
acquire, moreover, the trading establishments,
twenty-five in number south of 48°, all the build.
ings erected for agricultural purposes, the flocks,
herds, &e., belonging to the Puget's Sound Compa.
ny, as well us the lands cultivated by the said Coin.
pany. Tho erection of necessary uuildings, fene.
mg, and bringing land into cultivation, the par.
chase and importation of cattle and sheep from
Europe and other parts of the world, have cost the
Companies nearly as much as they ask fur Our
whole possessions.
The reasons for entering into such on arrange.
ment seem so strong that I ant told there is little
or no opposition in the Senate. Senators from
every section of the country declare themselves in
its favor.
ent of the Literary World says:—The greatest
literary enterprise of the day is about to be coin.
menced by Mr. Henry Stevens, tho American agent
of the British Museum. He proposes to prepare a
work entitled the " Bibliographic'. Americana a
Bibliographical account of the sources of early
American History; comprising a description of
books relating to America, printed prior to the year
1700, and of all books printed in America front
1543 to 1700, together with notices of many of the
more important unpublished manuscripts." The
great expense which so vast an undertaking must
call for is to be defrayed by the subscriptions of
the principal literary institutions in this country
nod in Europe; and the work is to be published
under the direction of the Smithsonian Institution
let Washington, in the series of the Smithsonian
Contributions to knowledge. It will form one and
perhaps two volumes similar to the Narrative of
the Exploring Expedition, in quarto, and will be
characterized by the same elegance of mechanical
execution which characterized that. The inaterk,
als will be obtained (rain the principal public and
private libraries of the United States, Englund,
France, Germany, and several other European
kingdoms, end the descriptions of each book will
be unusually full and accurate. The name of the
owner of each book, or of the library in which it
may be found, will be given in connection with the
Mr. Stevens intends to employ quite a number
of persons upon the work and hopes to have it
ready fur the press in 1850. Ile will sail for Eng_
land in the course of the next month to commence
operations in the Library of the British Museum,
which contains the largest collection of books re
lating to America, in the world.
A Lieutenant in the British Navy has invented a
"peril indicator," to show when steamers or other
ships are running into shoal water. The apparatus
consists of two bars, which broject ten feet below
the keel of the vessel; and, as soon as these bars
touch the ground, they spring up on a level with
I the keel and ring a bell, which warns the engineer,
that he must reverse the engine and drive the ship
Advertising—•A Word to the Wise.
The Boston Chronotype era late date says—f., fn
conversation, yesterday, with a g en .: l :man of our
acquaintance, heassured •
l irat it was his firm be
lief that advertising irbe daily papers prevented
;pis utter in business. Flo stated that some
Tr.:nabs ago he was very much pressed for funds
to meet his payments, and what was vorso, his
business, instead of improving, was rather retroga.
I ding, so that his prospects for the future were any.
thing but flattering. tie had never advertised his
place at all, and by way of experiment, end as a
last resort, determined to appropriide a certain a.
mount for that purpose, and consequently commen
ced advertising in the most extensively circulated
dailies in the city, and our own among the rest.
To his great surprise, he soon found that new cus.
Comers appeared daily, and in a very short time he
was able to make his payments promptly, and his
business has continued to increase rapidly ever
The Pittsburg, Gazette copies the foregoing, and
remarks:—Remember this—the man whose busi
ness has a fair proportion of capital at its founda
tion, who never engages in uncertain speculation,
and who advertises judiciously and freely, never
fails! 'rho want of these requisites will endanger
his situation, but the want of advcrtisng is the
greater want of the three. A judicious man with
little or no capital, by a free use of advertising, may
prosper and create capital, while the man with capi.
its I, who neglects advertising, will find his business
gradually declining, and his capita diminishing
year by year. These statements are verified by
the experience of thousands. Fifty dollars a year
spent in advertising, is of more value to a business
man than three thousand dollars additional capital.
The question whether a man can lawfully take
for a second wife the sister of his deceased wile,
has been recently examined in England by a Royal
Commission—Lord Bishop of Litchfield, the Hon
orable James Stuart Wortley, M. P., Sir Stephen
Lushiegton, D. C. L., Mr. Anthony Richard Blake,
Sir Edward Vaughan Williams, and Mr. Andrew
Rutherford. The first report of these Commission
ers has been lately published, together with the ev
idence of the witnesses examined, and other appen.
dices.—The report itself occupies a apace of ten
pages. TLe result of their investigations into this
question, in reference to the different countries, is as
ibii l ws
Thecommissioners find, from their minute in.
vestigation of the laws of foreign countries, that
marriages of this kind are permitted," dispensa
tion or otherwise, in nearly all the continental
stales of Europe.
It appears that, in the Romish church,
they are
prohibited as matters of discipline, but that such
prohibition may he, and frequently is dispensed
with by the Pope, nr by some others acting under
his authority; the principle of this dispensation be.
ing that the prohibition has been imposed by the
church, and not by the law of God; and that, eon
sequently the church is as free to remove as it wile
to ordain the prohibition.
In Protestant countries such marriages are
likewise permitted, and solemnized by dispen
sation or license, under ecclesiastical or civil
In the United States of America alliances he.
tween a man and the Sister of a Rimier wife arc
not only deemed lawful, in n civil sense, but also in
Ia moral, religious, and Christian sense ; and, more•
ever, exceedingly praiseworthy. A great judicial
authority in that country, we allude to Judge Sto.
ry— declares, " Nothing is more common in the
States of America than second marriages of this
sort, and so far from being doubtful as to their
moral tendency, they aro among us, deemed the
very best sort of marriages. In nay whole life I
have never beard of the slightest suggestion against
them, founded on :moral or domestic considera.
Turning to the Greek church we find these mar
riages stigmatized as incestuous. and of course dis
ellowod as utterly unlawful. It seems, however,
that Ruch marriages are not illegal in Russia, if
the contracting parties be without the pale of the
Greek church.
The opinion prevalent among the Jews is favor.
able to these unions, and, so far from condemning
such connexions, the usual time prescribed for re
maing in a state of widowhood is abbreviated in
cases where there are children.
The various bodies of English Dissen Mrs do
not appear to hold any opinion based on the
assumption that these marriages are interdict.
ed by holy Writ, the solo authority which these
respectable classes of tile Christian community
The commissioners were naturally anxious to
ascertain the opinions of the clergy of the es. ,
tablished church in England on the two questions ,
of principle and expediency:—l. Whether the
marriage with the sister of the deceased wife is
prohibited by the Divine law; or 2. If not, wheth•
er it ought to he interdicted on any other ground.
The result of this inquiry was unsatisfactory.
The clergy RTC so divided in opinion on both queer.
Lions that it is impossible to put forth any judicial
dictum as the expression of the sentiments enter.
mined by so numerous, important, end authoritive
a body. The majority, especially in Ireland, ap.
pear to object to the marriages in question. but on
various grounds; and in Scotland, the opinion of
the Presbyterian ministers is decidedly averse to
After an examination of the question whether
statutes prevent such marriages the commission.
MI report.
These marriages will take place when a concur.
rule° of circumstances give rise to mutual attach
ment ; they arc not dependant on legislation. Wo
are not inclined to think that such attachments
and marriages would be extensively increased in
number were the law to permit them ; because, us
we have said, it was not the state of the law, pro.
hibitory or permissive, which has governed, or, as
we think, ever will effectually govern them.
of the Eastern Ghats, about midway between Bom
bay and Cape Comorin, rises the river Shirawati,
which falls into the Arabian Sea. The bed of the
river is one-fourth of a mile in direct breadth; but
the edge of the fall is elliptical. with n sweep of half
a mile. This body of water rushes at first, for
three hundred feet over a slope at an :Ingle of 45
deg. in a sheet of white foam, and is then precipi
tated to the depth of eight hundred and fifty more,
into a black abyss with a thundering noise. It has,
therefore, a depth of eleven hundred and fifty feet!
In the rainy season the river appears to be about
thirty feet in depth at the fall; in the dry season it
is lower nod is divided into three cascades ofvaried
beauty and astonishing grandeur. Join our fall of
the Genesee to that of the St Lawrence and then
treble the two united, and we have the distance of
the Shirawati cataract. While we allow to Niaga.
ra a vast superiority in balk, yet in respect to dig.
lanceof descent. it is but a mountain rill compared
with its Indian rival.—Rock. Democrat. •
The greatest competitor with the United States
for supplying the world with bread is Russia. It
is estimated on good authority that the quantity of
wheat annually exported from Russian ports, ave.
rages 20,000,000 of bushels.
Fs; tie Columbia Spy
Strung along " from pole to pole,"
High above the road and river,
Puzzling simple, honest soul•,
The intention to diskiver—
Miles of wire, a lengthened wonder
Like a dampened clothes-line stretched
Guiding in the captured thunder
From some distant climate fetched,
Till it cracks about the office
Like the Fourth of Independence
Warning Billy to turn off his
Battery, though it spoiled a sentence
Strange and wonderful invention,
Tying distant lands together
Till a sort of world's convention,
Independent of the weather,
Is in SCSSOII every where; and,
If you want to scud to town,
Lightning, goes upon the errand
Quick as you can write it down.
One might fill a dozen paper;
Failing to record the htdf
Of the super-nnthal caper,
Cut by Morse's Telegraph!
(7.1)e ).Dor Itbroab.
fly the arrival of the Steamer Acadia, we have
the following summary of news from Europe:
iRELANIL—The English government are adopting
the most energetic means to meet the impending
crisis. The Liverpool Times says that troops are
pouring into Ireland by thousands. Thirty thou.
sand troops are concentrating in and about Cork,
Limerick and Tipperary. This overwhelming
force has had the effect of exasperating instead of
intimidating the people to the extent anticipated.
The Habeas Corpus Act has been suspended.—
The suspension appears in the form of a royal
proclamation. The Queen's Special Messenger
arrived in Dublin on the 26th of July, with a copy
of the proclamation. IL was immediately des-'
patched to all parts of Ireland, and appears to have
excited a deep feeling of indignation.
The Castle has the appearance of a fortress.—
The Attorney General and Solicitor General are
constantly in attendance; and messages are nut
mentarily leaving, apparently on business of the
highest importance, judging front the celerity of
their movements.
Rewards of £5OO each have been offered for the
arrest of Smith O'Brien, Meagher, Dillon, and
Dabney. A report has reached Dublin that the
former gentleman had fled.
The London papers of the 29th ult., state that
the accounts received from the South of Ireland,
are of the most alarming character—that a rising
of the people and a struggle of the most sanguin
ary character, were no longer to be regarded as
events of the most improbable character.
Such was the state of feeling in the South of
Ireland, that government had issued orders for a
constabulary force of five thousand men to be ad.
ded to the counties of Waterford, Limerick, and
These men are to be drilled to the use of the
cutlass, pistol, and musket, as it was anticipated
that the coming insurrection would partake of the
character of a guerrilla war.
Smith O'Brien, 'Meagher, Dillon, and the other
leaders of the league, although under the han of
government, are far from being idle. They arc
still organizing and drilling the clubs, the orders
front the castle to the contrary notwithstanding.
In spite of the vigilance of the government,
Pikes, muskets ball and poWder, and other muni
tions of war, arc transported in all directions.
From the tone of some of the Dublin papers,
the great struggle esrmot Ito delayed many days
The Lord Lieutenant Inks at length taken a bold
and decisive stand. He has issued n proclamation;
in which ord era are given for thesuppression of the
ome of the English journals commenting on
this proclamation, are quite confident that not only
will the clubs be suppressed, but that the anticipa.
ted inrurrcction will be quelled without much din.
culty or effusion of blood.
On the 28th of July the office or the Dublin
Nation was seized by a large police force. All the
compositors, eleven in number, were arrested, and
after a hearing before a magistrate, committed to
The Government have determined on u congid
erable number of arrests, and it is stated that some
persons not heretofore openly connected with the
revolutionary movements, are to be taken up.
At this hour, half past four o'clock, the Attorney
and Solicitor Generals, Alto are still at the Castle,
have made their arrangments for the issue of war
rants this afternoon.
Mr. Smith O'Brien and other leaders, who are
now organizing clubs throughout the country, arc
to be taken into custody tonight, and if the at-
tempts to arrest them should not lead to an out.
break, they will be brought to Dublin tn.morrow.
The accounts from the South this morning arc
of a truly alarming character, 'rho confederate
leaders,says the official organ, are so insane as to
contemplate an immediate insurrection; indeed•
little short of actual outrage has already taken
The deepest anxiety and apprehension prevail
among the gentry and well disposed of all classes.
The military force has been greatly augmented.
ENGLAND. -At Liverpool, serious apprehensions
were entertained of an outbreak on the partof the
Twenty thousand special constables had been
sworn in, with a view of meeting any emergency.
The Chartist feeling appears to be principally
confined to the meridian of Liverpool, Manchester,
&c., although, of course, they have the sympathy
—active if necessary—of their brethren in the
South of England.
In the manufacturing districts there appears to
be great discontent in consequence of the depresed
state of trade.
A London correspondent describes the scene it
the House of Commons, growing out of Irish af.
fairs, as one of the most intensely interesting ever
The quiet resolute tone of Lord John Russell,
who spoke in his best style, was not more admire.
ble than the timely and judicious observations of
Sir Robert Peel, who cordially supported the Minis
In the North and Middle counties of Lionster the
feeling is bitter against England.
FRANCE—Paris is represented as being in a tran
quil state, and the capital assuming something like
its wonted appearance of life, gaiety and bustle.
In consequence of the deplorable accounts of suf.
fcring in several of the French West India. Islands,
it has been proposed in the National Assembly for
Government to advance three millions of franc, to
be divided among those Islands.
Government is sadly puzzled how to dispose of the
immense nuinder of prisoners taken during the re
cent insurrections.
DE HANK—The difficulties between Prussia and
Denmark, growing out of the dispute in relation to
the Duchies, it is believed will be amicably settled
before the termination of the armistice.
SPAIN—The Government has completely tri
umphed over the late Carlist drmonstation, although
we hear of further disturbances in the provinces.
The previous rumor in regard to the Queen being
enciente is generally credited, which will no doubt
be the means of bringing the English and Spanish
governments to the same good nuderstanding which
existed previous to the "double marriage."
RUSSIA.—Large masses of troops continue to
concentrate on the frontier, and of course rumor
is busy in regard to the designs of the Emperor,
The cholera continues its fearful ravages,
although it is believed that the epidemic is assuming
a milder type.
ITALY—The accounts from Italy are not of as
definite a character us previous advices had led us
to anticipate. There appears to be an a bscnse of
that decision which marked the first movements
of Charles Albert.
Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Pa
triot, says that the new French Minister, Citizen
Guillaume Tell Pouscin, was in the House of Re
presentatives on Monday, conversing with several
of the members, to whom he was introduced, with
most decided French animation.—This gentlemen,
says Potomac, was for a number of years en officer
in the U. S. Army, in the Topographical Corps, un
der Gen. Bertrand, his countryman, who planned
and superintended the erection of some of our forts.
Ho speaks the English language, of course, fluent
ly. "• Potomac" thus describes his personal ap
pearance:—He appears to be about 45 years of nge,
is rather under the medium height, spare in make,
lies a finely formed forehead, strongly marked with
numerous small muscles and veins, rather a short
convex or Roman nose. His complexion is dark,
his hair abundant, black, and fine, and free from
grey us a boy's. Ito wears a profusion of beard
all over the lower part of his face, as much as to
say, there is no shaving done here.
of health of New Orleans on the Ist inst., reported
sixteen cases of yellow fever during the week pre
vious, twelve of which were brought from Vera
Cruz. The Times says: " Tho whole number of
deaths in the week were 117 ; during the same pe.
rind last year, 172. It is a fact that will attract the
attention of the good people of the North, that only
31 children under ten years of age, have died du.
ring the week, and of these, there was but one
case of cholera infantum. The general health of
our city is highly gratifying, and not the least sign
of an epidemic has presented itself.
of the beneficial results of Odd Fellowship, the
Howard District Advocate states that Mr. Matthew
Talbott, who died at Ellicott's Mills last week, be
ing a member of Gratitude Lodge, No. 5, Baltimore,
was decently interred by the Lodge at that place,
and had every attention bestowed upon him during
his protracted illness. Gratitude Lodge has since,
in a trite spirit of charity, come forward and given
to his bereaved widow the handsome sum of 8400,
to enable her to educate and support her children.
LOUISA SAVAGE.—Yesterday, says the New York
Star, we paid a brief visit to this unfortunate wo.
man, who is now incarcerated in the Tomb;
charged with the murder of Pierre Bremond.
She remains most of the time in her cell, scarce
ly leaving it for air or exercise—her face is pale,
very pale, and she looks the picture of despair.
The wild and intense anguish she exhibited on first
being arrested, has given way to a settled calmness,
a deep and silent sorrow, which speaks in lan
guage louder than words of the canker-worm with.
in her bosom. Her look, as she said "the world
was nothing to her, now," was one that we will
never forget.—The once blooming cheek has faded
to an ashy paleness, and the quivering lip and
tearful eye tell plainly of the anguish and sorrow
wringing at her heart.
THE ALPHA AND OMEGA OF T/IE WAll.—it is a singe.
lar fact, that the two men who opened the late war,
in battle, were the same to whom the respective
Governments of the United States and Mexico dole.
gated the charge of concluding it, by a formal ex.
change of courtesies. In the battle of Palo Alto,
it was Duncan's battery, and that commanded by
Gen. Da Vega, which commenced hostilities by a
cannonading on each side.
On the morning of our evacuation of the capi
tal, Gen. De La Vega commanded the Mexican
battery that saluted our flag, and Duncan's battery
saluted the Mexican flag on its rising to float again
over the place.
A Suareancsess FIRE.—It is stated by the Lon.
don Times, of a late date, that a subterranean fire
is burning near Sheffield, England, which has been
in existence in that vicinity for a century past, and
which has, at various times, undermined the
ground. Portions of the Sheffield streets 'have
sunk years a go,exposing the fearful hallow beneath,
Houses have been rendered tin tenantable on account
of black and choke damp, and • cellars have been
closed for years. Water drawn up from wells
.!re is found perfectly hot. Many years ago
flames at times issued from fissures in the fields,
and a farm house being undermined was torn down.
Some years After, a. few cottages were erected upon,
i ts s it e , and th:ur are tumbling down, having been
Max WHO WANT FARMS.—A few days since a
wealthy German emigrant, Herr Rodenbetter, i t
rived in this city with his family of mut,
For over 20 years ha was a burgomaster in Rhein'
helm, but bein g compromised in some of the aet
olutionary movements ho was obliged to fly f
safety. A large portion of his wealth still remai,
in Germany, but he brings with him over 25:0%
in specie, which is to be expended in perchainn i
lands for a farm. Enjoying a high ether:icier n
Germany, he has been empowered to purchase inn
fur about 100 families who intend emigratin g da
ring the season. Ho loft the city for Altm l ,
though hie point of destimationlis Zanesville, Oini ;
[N. Y. Sun,
NOTICE.—The Whigs and friends of Taylor!'
more. and Middlesworth will meet at Ilia Town HallTli
evening at half-past seven o'clock, for the purpose
electing delegates to the County COllVelltloll.
13y order of the Executive Committee p
Liver Complaint is generally acompamed
pain in the right side. extending up to the top of the shot
der; variable appetite, occasionally a disordered slot
a ch, yellow tinge of the skin and eyes, and often a sive'.
lug over the region of the liver, together with many out
symptoms of a loaded and corrupt state of the blood
Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills will be found one
the very best medicines in the world for the cure of
diseases of the Liver; because they expel from the 4 , 2. '
those morbid humors which, when deposited upon this
portant organ, are the cause of every variety of Ls
Complaint. From three to six of the above named Ind] -
Vegetable Pills, taken every night on going to bed, vs
in a short time, give such manifest relief, that no sr..
mein or persuasion will be necessary to induce a ' , era
veranee in their use, until the liver is restored to a hest
thy action, and pain or distress of every kind is dove
from the body.
Wright's Indian Vegetable Pills also aid and improve
digestion, and purify-the blood; and therefore, not only
remove every vestige of the Liver complaint, but, at tie
same time, give new life and vigor to the whole frame
ber, that the original mid only genuine Indian Vegetal;
Pilis have the written signature of WiLt.Ltss WRIORT
Site top label of each box. •
a-The genuine for sale by FRY as SPANGLER, al;
are the only authorized Agents for Columbia. Also, LT
agents advertised in another column.
Principal Office, 169, Race Street, Philadelphia.
EAST 11114 TON, May 23d, 1847.
Mr. it, W. Fowle—Sir. 2 have seen so much of A
lane of -W flotsam of Wild Cherry" the t I fee
it my duty to add my testimony lu fie praise. My son
about 14 years of age, has for the last ten months bee•
enlisted with a severe cough. pains in the side antibody
and a gradual wanting, until tie was bet a mere ion.,
skeleton. I hail tbe the advice of three Phymiciana.bu
none of them could give him any relief, and gradually
yet nu rely he teemed to be stoking into the tomb. flap.
pen Mg accidentally to some of your "Free Almanac'e
we felt ne though the Balsam would help him, as note
was ordure cocoa that had her. Cured when they were an
had an he was. I therefore procured a bottle of Dr. Kid
der, the Agent in this place, and 11[40, he had used a'
of it he began to crow better, and by tmlig three haul.
Ins run pit woe all gone, and he in now enjoying for
Imailli.for seinen he Is solely indebted through tire bleu
ing of God to Winter's Balsam of Wild Cherry.
W Vii. D I XON.
Dr. Kidder nays the article has given universal sail.
faction to his customers.
None genuine. unless signed I. Burrs, on the avrapre:
For sale by SE 4 III W. FOWLS, General Agent,
Washington Street. Boston; Aslo,
For sale by R. WILLIAM:, Front Street Columbia, Ps
Dr. Swaync's Co:swot:se, SYRUP or WILD CItERRY
Head the %Wowing letter from Wm. Shaw, a respect.
We Druggist in Wilmington. N. C., a gentleman of tu
doubted veracity. in whose word the most implicit cool
(knee mny be placed, another proof of the superionn I
CDrillg Coughs, Colds, CON...UMW:I, Ittluttn. Bronchu.
Liver Conipinint. Spitting Blood, mid all diseases of tl
Lungs and Breast
Wit.mtNarcx, N.G., Jill). 5. 1546
DR. SWAYNE—DEnn Sin:—You will please send or
twelve dozen, or more, as you see fit, of your Smite or
WILD CHERRY. From sales to-day. I have but a Waldo
act, on hand • the sales arc rapidly increasing and will
Inn cc no doubt, continue to do so. An acquaintance o•
mine called n few days no to any he would give me a
ceitifiente of us good effects. Ile is from the couavy•
and n minister in the Methodist Church. Shortly after
°blaming the agency, I prevailed upon lanai to try a bett b •
though I doubted whether any benefit as mild be &runt.
Our he, as well as myself. thought Ink cum, was confirm , t
Con,uniption ; m fact every symptom wits indicative—
Shortly after. Inc wrote to into to scud him four or five bat
Iles more. lie came to town last week I will quote lan
own Intiguage • " Sir," said lie, "I um u new• man. and I
consider it n duty I owe to the public, to tell what Dr
swoyncte Compound Syrup of Wild Cherry hits dent ton
inc." I will publish his certificate, and as Inc is generally
known all over our section, I expect good results (tome
With every feeling of respect, yours truly,
Letters such as the above aro daily received from as
parts of the country. hut we publish Mises one of the nvol,
proofs of its efficacy. Avoid all preparations purporting
to contain Wild Cherry, except that hearing the written
signature of Dr. Swayito, as they arc most liktly glum
destitute of the article 11.0111 which they borrow a name
The (original and only) genuine article is prepared by
DR. SWAYNE, corner of Eighth and Race els., Phila•
dolphin, and for sole by agents in all parts of the t mud
States, and some parts of Europe.
Sold by E. A. LEADER, Columbia. and Dr. Ait
BARNITZ, York, Pa. ,Aug. 12, 124.3.—1 t
Most Extraordinary Worlr—The Married W'o
M. Professor of Diseases of Woman
Sixth Edition. 18mo. pp. 250. Prvie $l. 25.000 eepies
sold in thice months!
Years of suffering, of physical and mental angui-1
marry an affectionate wife. and peciminnry difficult!. 1
the husband. might have been spared by a timely posse
sion of - this moil,
It is iwended especially for the married, or those con•
templantig marriage. as it discloses important secrets
which should he known to them particularly.
Truly. knowledge IS power. It is health, happiness, ar.
The revelations contained in its pages have proved
blessing to thousands, as the innumerable letters to th
author %sill attest.
Here, also. every female—the wife, the mother, the on'
either budding into woninnhood or the one in the decline
of years in whom nature contemplates an important
change—can discover the cause. symptoms, and the most
efficient remedie, and most certain mode of cure, in ever)
compinint to which her sex is subject. _
- - - - -
Over ten thonsand copies have been sent by mad within
three months, with perfect safety and certainty.
On the receipt of one Dollar. the •) Married Woman'.
Private Medical Companion)) vi ill be scat (mailed freeltp
any part of the United States, All letters must be post-paid
(except those containing a remittance) land addressed is
Dr. A M. rtlauriceati, Box 1221, New York City. Publish
inc office, !Abe rty-st., New-York.
The )arried Woman's Private Medical Companion"
is sold by Booksellers throughout the Untied States.
!'or sale at the Spy Office, Columbia, Pa.
New-York : Alay 20 , I.S4S—lm
Please take Notiee.—We have been frequently'
annoyed by a soap vender in Philadelphia, named liner " .
who meanly copies our advertisements and applies the
same to his own use. Now, what principle can a mini
possess who will condescend to make use of sorb mean
arithi es to Hisao his success and make his articles s.ll
A man's composition or his stereotype matter, is as Irma
his property as his stock in business, or goods, wares and
chattels: then, another man meanly adopts such eom•
position or property for his own use, what better is he than
a rogue 'Yvlio will make illegal use of your goods? In
Intie Inimiliill of ours. which we wrap around our Chi.
nem: :lledicateit Soap, we have at the head of the bill a
small paragraph which rends thus:
la art evil hour the serpent entered Paradise, and
Reality lost its charm. But the Allwise gave man power
over all animal and vegetable matter. And the mysterb
ous secret of restonng unto woman her former pure. clear
and beautiful complexion, is combined in Midway's CI.:
ese Medicated Soap."
On looking over the Philadelphia Ledger on Monday.
the loth Oct., we were surprised to see our matter made
use of fur dressing up another man's article, and that man
our competitor in business, and for the public's approba
tion of our respective articles. We oiler to the public
Midway's Chinese Medicated Soap as a sure extermina
tor of the Cuticle. and a certain cure for all eruptions of
the skin. As in Toilet Soap, we candidly believe it to be
the most superior soap extant. As a Medicated Soap we
sincerely believe it to possess qualities which no other
soap possesses.
For the cure of salt rheum. ringworm. erysipelas, chap
ped, cracked and repulsive skin, we know it is certain in
its effects, and is superior to all others ever invented
Lastly, we never condescend to make use of other men's
composition to make our articles sell. We furthermore
warn this man, Jnles Hauol, not to infringe on our right..
or make use its any manner whatever of our stereotype
composition. With these few remarks we leave the pub
lic to judge the merits of our Chinese Medicated Soap. and
the merits of an article clothed in false colors to make
it sell.
Ladies and gentlemen, if you wish to get RadwityN
soap in all its purity, call on R. Wir.r.uars, and W' 1. A
LEADER, Columbia. and Zahm k. Jackson. in Lancaster.
Each cake, of the genuine, must be signed R. G.
way & R. G. RADIA,AT, 2 Courtland Si. N. l
• augl24B-101
Philadelphia Daguereotype E Etabliatunent
—ExceAxes, 3d Story, Rooms 23•27.—Dagnerecitype Por
trays of all sizes, either singly or in famil y group,. col
ored or without colors, are taken event day, in any wr 3 :
ther. Copies of Daguerreotypes, Oil Painungs,Statusll•
&c., may also be procured. Ladies and Gentlemen am
requested to examine. specimens.
5w1.53R.1 y W. & T LANGENDBI3I