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THE SPY & REGISTER
SATURDAY MORNING, April 1, 1848
V. E. PALMER IS duly authorised to fCCCIVP ctthacnp
twos and advertisements for this paper, the eines 01
Philadelphia. New York, Baltimore. and 230,10 n.
E. I.V. CARR, Philadelphia.
JACOB M. WESTHAFFPER. Lancaster city
WILLIAM A. PIERCR, Travelling Agent
The office of the Columbia Spy has been re
moved to the building lately occupied by Mr. Raub,
on Front street.
The canal is now in good order from Columbia
to Pittsburg. One or two breaches occurred last
week near Hollidaysburg, which were immediately
Lnusen.—Our wharves are beginning to be lined
with lumber, which, we understand, commands a
good price this season, owing to its scarcity, con
sequent upon the unfavorablcnes of the past winter
for getting the raw material" to the mills.
The Legislature has agreed to adjourn on the
11th of April—making 99 days of the Session.
LANGPF.LOT, the supposed murderer of Mrs. Rade
macher, in Philadelphia, has been committed to take
his trial at the April term. Circumstances arc re; y
much against him.
A WARNING TO CALLITIIUMPIANS —We observe
by the papers that Isaac Barker, of Tiverton, who
was indicted for shooting Samuel Negus, has been
acquitted, notwithstanding it was proven that he
wounded seven persons at the first fire. The party
had gone to the house orßarker on the night of his
wedding, and serenaded him with tin horns, and
This mode of annoying citizens who have just
committed matrimony, might as well be dispensed
with for ell the benefit it accomplishes, and we ;
take the liberty of saying that if it should he here.
after discontinued in Columbia, the peace and corn.
fort of our marrying folks will be hest consulted.
It should be the duty of all to suppress it ; and if
parents and masters would properly attend to those
juveniles they have in charge, this kind of sport
would no longer be tolerated. We should be sorry
to record any instance of redress like that of liar
ker, but when persons are wantonly engaged in an
outrage upon the feelings of others, it is impossible
to tell what the result may be. The best tray of
avoiding evil or misfortune, is in the first place to
avoid the cause of it.
Those of our readers who are interested in the
sciences of Phrenology and Physiology, are re
ferred to the list of books published by Fowlers &
Wells, New York, which may be found in another
column; and those who are not particularly inter
csted in the knowlege of themselves, cannot fail to
become so by reading the books in question. They
are written in a popular style, and are well worthy
.the attention of every lover of science and reform.
larretes LIVING AGE.—This week commences
a new volume of this sterling periodical, and now
is a good time to subscribe. It is the best work of
ita kind published in the county. Terms $6 a year
in advance. E. Littell & Co., Boston.
THE HOME JOURNAL.—Messrs. Morris & Wallis
announces the immediate publication, in the Home
Journal, of another beautiful American Novel, from
a distinguished pen. The highest order of litera
ture graces the columns of this paper, and its ty.
pography is faultless.
TUE LIFE AND PUBLIC SERVICES OF HENRY CLAY.
—Grecly & McElrath have just published a volume
with the above title, from the pen of Epes Sargent,
Esq., in*hich the events are brought down to the
year 1848. The frontispiece Is a fine Rotel en
graving of Henry Cloy. Price 25 ceiit.
THE CITY ITEM.—Friend Fit; you flatter. Ildp.
to exchange " diamonds" for gems like the City
Item, however : jewels aro our weakness.
THE COLUMBIA SPY.—Tlii4 handsome little paper
has passed into the competent hands of our friend
WESTBROOK, who will make it sparkle like a dia.
mond of the first water.
Tue UNION MAGAZINE for April Is' is on nur table.
A humorous Mezzotint of" The Lost Glove," a fine
line engraving, entitled •' Memory," and a superb
fashion plate, are its principal embellishmenst. Its
literary attractions arc undirninislwd . J. 133 yard
Taylor, Mrs. Child, Mrs. Sigourucy, Mrs. E. C.
Embury, S. IL llopkins, and other eminent writers
are among its contributors. Edited by Mrs C. M.
Dr. Coolidge has been convicted of the 'murder
of Mr. Mathews, and sentenced to he hung in one
year, should the Governor of Maine see fit to i,sue
a warrant at the end of that time. lie protested
his innocence,before receiving his sentence, and de
clared that ho should leave behind him a writing,
proving where the true guilt lay. The hope which
had buoyed him up, during his tri 41, forsook him
alter his conviction, and lie is represented by the
Boston Chrunotype, as unlikely to live until the ex.
piration of the period allowed him by law. The evi
dence on which he was convicted, was that of a
strident named Thorn, who was perjured either be
fore the coroner's jury, or on the trial.
COUNTERFEITS.—ChauIaque County Bonk,
Jamestown, N. Y.-2.'s letter A. Vignette, female
with Caft arm resting on a shield. Impression pale,
and execution raiscrable.
Erie Ltigsk, Erie, Pa.—Ps. Purport to be notes
payable es demand.
2's. This beak has never issued notes under s's,
except Relief notes.—Birk Rep.
Dwastos or Lasort.—According to the following
estimate of the divisiov of the occupations of men
in the United States, it seems that there are three
ands half times more men engaged in agricultural
than in all other pursuits.
Who is guilty of tho following 7 What dose of
medicine does a man take when his daughter is
naughty 7 Don't you know 7 Why, he takes an
_elixir 7 rile takes and he licks her.)
For theColumbla Spy
Mn. EDITUR.—As your sheet is chiefly devo
ted to literature, a few remarks on education will
doubtless find admittance into its columns. This
is, indeed, a subject that should ever be kept before
the eyes of the public, as there in, perhaps, nothing
of mere importance to man and which has a more
direct bearing on his happiness, than the cultivation
of the mental faculties and the aegoi.ition of sub.
stantial knowledge. It is this that makes man
truly a rational being. It is, emphatically, the
foundation of all success and happiness. It is the
only essential distinction between man and man ;
the first and most essential clement of power; the
germ of all prosperity; the means of all enjoy
ment. To the attainment of this primary good, an
earnest, dilligcnt, persevering application of the
mental faculties is requisite. This, indeed, is the
only effectual mean, of making the mind powerful
in itself. Mere accumulation of knowledge is not
the thing most desirable. It is strength of mind—
discipline more than acquisition.
The faculties of the mind bear a close analogy
to the powers of the physical frame. It is a law in
the animal economy that the action and power of
an organ are commensurate, to a great extent, with
the demand made upon it. When a muscle, for in
stance, is called into frequent use, its fibres increase
in thickness and become capable of exerting a
greater force. It is only on condition of continual
exercise that the muscular system can acquire
strength, firmness, and endurance. The arm of ;
the blacksmith, who exercises daily at the until, is
firm and energetic. It is in vain to nourish the ;
body with most luxurious food. Sickness will.bc
produced not health, weakness not strength, unless
there goes with it powerful action, continual emir.
cisc. Thus it is with the brain, the organ of the
mind. The brain, being an organised part, is sub
ject, as far as regards exercise, to the same laws as
1 the other organs of the body. If it be duly exer
cised the mind will acquire readiness and strength.
Mere desultory and miscellaneous reading, such as
novels, romances and other trash, is more apt to
be pernicious than useful. It is morn likely to en.
era ate than strengthen the mind. It must be sill.
died to attain strength of mind. The intellect can
only become powerful and vigorous on condition'
of frequent thought and meditation. The mind
thus disciplined grasps, with firm and tenacious
hold, any new subject presented to it, which is, in
deed, the only true test of a sound education.—
Such a mind is able to make ui a solid judgment,
to decide with promptness and to act with energy.
Since, then,the cultivation of the mind is the thing
most desirable and not the mere treasuring up of
facts in the memory, the question, what arc the ,
means best adopted to develop and invigorate the
mental activities 1 naturally suggests itself. In '
answer to this, I remark, that the studies most to
be relied upon in an academiweducation arc Mathe
matics and Metaphysics. These are calculated to
give strength and vigor to the mind by accustom
ing it to dwell for a long time on one subject, to
grasp and retain a mere abstraction. They pro
duce habits of accurate thinking and rapid educa
tion, habits invaluable to a man of any business or
profession. If a knowledge of these be at all desi
rable, it can only be acquired by hard study and
perseverance. hence their efficacy in the cultiva
tion and strengthening of the mind. The study of
languages, too, deserves our noticc,espccially that of
ancient languages, the perfection of which arc in
every respect unrivalled. By studying a language
we enrich our own mind; for, every word entbo-
dies a thought, and every thought received in our.
selves is like u spark, that kindles a new flame.
It may, however, be studied to exercise our think
ing, which , indeed, is the chief object of its study
in our colleges; as, there is, perhaps no science
that will teach us better to think correctly, and
logically. For Grammar contains the categories
of thinking, it is full of rules and laws, all of which
arc those of reason. Studying grammar we study
the logic of understanding in its simplest form."—
lii translating, there must ben close application ot
the mind, its energies must be called into action,
and then it acquires strength and the power of
concentrating itself upon any soh', et. The natu
ral sciences, though nut so well calculated to cul
tivate the mind, are indispensable to a thorough
education. A knowledge of them ts, indeed, of far
more utility, in a practical point of view, than that
of either :Netaphysics or Languages. lint, as the
cultivation of the mind is the foundation of a sound
education, these studies, together with that of Ma
thematics, are requisite to the laying or this foun
dation. Parents who wish their sons to become in.
tellectual and strong,.minded men, will most likely
realize their wish by rutting them to the study of
Languages and Mathematics. When the mind is
once properly cultivated and disciplined, knowledge
is easily and rapidly acquired. Rooks of the most
profonnd authors may there be re,d with pleasure
A FRIEND or EDLICkTION
WASTF:D.—One hundred and seventy-five young
men of all shapes and sizes, from the tall grareill
dandy, with hair rnongh upon his upper lip to stuff
n cushion, down to the beardless up start. The ob
ject is to form a Gaping. Corps, to be in attendance
at the Church door on each Sabbath before the
commencement of Divine of divine service, to stare
at the females as they enter, and make delicate and
gentlemanly remarks on their persona and dress,
All who wish to enlist in the above corps will ap.
pear at the various church doors next Sabbath
morning where they will be duly inspected, and
their names, personal appearance, &c. reels.
tercd in a. book kept for that purpose, and published
in a newspaper. To prevent a general rush, it will
be well to state that none wilt be et - dieted who pos
sesses more than ordinary intellectual capacities.—
Mr. Editor :-1 clip the above from the Phila
delphia North American of this day, and bandit to
you for publication, thinking that probably Colum
bia can furnish a large delegation if not the full
number required for the Coping Corps. I feel.
quite confident that out of those who crowd the yes.
tibule, and form in line, facing inwards, so beauti
fully, on the pavement of the Methodist Church
every Sabbath evening one hundred and seventy
five at least may be found, who will not he rejected
if the closing qualification of the advertisement is
strictly adhered to. Seriously, dear sir, Ido hope
that those possessing intellectual capacities suffi-
cleat to entitle them to the respect of their friends,
will desist from this most abominable practice.—
From those who do not claim this merit it is use
less to expect better conduct. A. LADY.
HYDRAULIC TELEGRAPII.—We lately inspected a
new species of telegraph, produced from the action
of water, patented by Mr. Jowett, which appears to
us very simple-and ingenious, and is likely to ex
cite some attention, both from it its own merits and
from the interest which is taken in this means of
communication at present. The idea of using wa
ter as a medium by which to communicate from
place to place arose from its well-known incom.
pressibility, and we find Mr. Jowett quoting, in his
prospectus, from Dr. Lardner, the following pas
sage, which conveys the leading feature of his in
vention :—Liring Age.
A pressure excited on the liquid at one end of
the tube will be communicated to any surface in
contact with the liquid at the other end, whether
the tube between the two extremities be straight,
curved or angular, or whether it pass upwards,
downwards, or in an oblique or horizontal direction.
it may be carried through the walls of a building,
through the course of a river, under,over, or around
any obstruction or impediment, or, in fact, accord
to any course or direction whatsoever. If a
tube, filled with water, extended from London to
York, a pressure excited on the liquid at the ex-
tremity in London would be instantaneously trans
mitted to the extremity at York." There is per.
h a ps, n limit to this doctrine, where curves and un- I
data lions are to be overcome, and also from the cu.
lICSIVO power of the particles of water to that I ,
with which they are in contact. The model row
exhibiting consists of a small tube with a piston
and indicator at each end. An upright plate con
tains the letters of the alphabet, the first letter be
ing at the top of the plate at one station, and at the
bottom of the plate at the other. As the one pis
ton descends, the other, from the pressure of the
water, ascends in exact proportion, each indicator
pointing to the same letter. In the model, as we
have stated, the plates containing the letters are
placed upright; but it will be easily seen that a
horizontal dial can also ht. used, by means of a rack
upon the piston and toothed pinion to guide the
indicating hand. This dial may contain two or
more circles, into which contracted sentences on ,
any number of sobjects can be inserted, the indi
cator being shortened so as to meet each circle.
It' it were wanted to communicate any intelligence
upon railways, as an example suppose the contract
ed sentences relating to this subject were in the in
ner circle, the first intimation would be to shorten
the indicator, so that its point would exactly touch
the words which are to be communicated. If a
line of pipes were laid down from any given dis
, lance, each intermediate station would he commit.
nicated by means of branch pipes. To each piston
a bell is attached, and the first motion would sound
this, putting every one on the qui rice. If the ,
communication were intended for the first station,
the bell would strike one, and so on for the others.
Withouflpassing any atrong opinion as to the incr.
its of this ins ntion, we must say that its ex
extreme simplicity struck us as an advantage of
great importance. The difficulties which may at
first sight strike the observer, such as getting over
heights above the level of the stations, are what
upon consideration it will be seen can be got over
by local appliances. 'Perhaps the most serious
would arise from the fact that the pipes will re
quire to be placed under ground so far as to keep
them from atmospheric influence, for in the event
of any breakage taking place, it would be difficult
indeed to tell the precise locality of the accident.
111 the case of wires as used at present, any dam.
age they may sustain is easily found out, and can
be as easily remedied; but in the case of under.
ground pipes filled with water, unless indeed, this
agent be in sufficient body to force itself to the sur
face, we do not see how an accident can occur
without causing conch labor and cost. The iaven•
for claims fur his plan over the present electric tel
egraph greater economy in construction to the ex
tent of two•thirds, no expense whatever after the
first outlay, and the impossibility of any physical
impediment interfering with its working. The
plan, whether generally adopted or not, is certainly
well worthy of attention, and no one can examine
the model without bring struck with the principle
which it so beautifully illustrates.—/'ost.
Psetsts:g Mrt.svon.—Thc adage is a true one,
that "man proposes and God disposes," as thu fol
lowing fact will show King Louis Philippe, (that
was) under the pretence of ill-health, gave out his
intention some time ago of going to Pan the corn.
ing spring. The voyage tens to lead to two ends.
To leave, during his absence, the provisional regen
cy to the Due de Nemours, not to accustom hint to
the management of State affairs, but to give him
an Lnteeedent as a tole. " Toeu at my death,"
thought the King, " the regency will be allowed to
ht:n naturally." And Louis Philippe was to con
duct the young Duchess de Montpeosier to Mad
rid, to he confined. The child being then Spanish
born, no obstacle could have been thrown against
it inheriting the Spanish throne. And this was the
bum total of the patriotism of the Citizen King,
sacrificing the interest of his country to the well.
being ul his family. his insatiable ambition lee-
eller! him lew, and—sic 1101118 ii glwia mundi, bat
let him crime umnng us, ;Ind he will be a CITIZEN
A placard posted on the Boulevard, ran thus
'• Was lost yesterday, a little English dog of Span.
iel rice, color white and brown, tail long, from the
angle of the fanbourg St. Dennis to the rue Royale."
f;ood !" muttered a gamin posted before the pla•
eat d, " if it lies that length fur a particular sign, I
am stare of pocketing the honest reward."
The Prince Royal of Monaco being in the Toil
!cries, and in gloomy mood, was asked by a lady
the cause of his prc.occupation. "My father and
I," replied the Prince," are in a painful predica
ment. Oar subjects must be given a constitution
similar to that of France." " What hinders your
father and you from gising it to them 1" "Oh, no
thing. It is the easiest thing to give them a multi
tution,liut only think, if there must be in Monaco a
Chamber of Deputies, a reigning king, ministers,
and officers—every 0110 will be busy, whilst I will
remain alone to male the roam of the people ?"
The lady, meeting the Prince a few days alter, said
to him:—" Well. Prince, I would advise you and
your father to give a constitution to your people
otherwise they will lase one, and then you would
not be the whole mass of the people, but a cipher,
which position would be a base one indeed." "Be
tween the coke of the people and divine right one
may well hesitate," said the Prince. Between the
voice and the wif/ of the people, ething Louis
Phillippe did not hesitate, and you will be wise to
take warning, for truly nor populi is ear del.—
..The people ! the people!" thought the Prince,
their will is a mighty engine !"
The Victims, of the Sanderbund.—A short lime
ago a well dres sed man put up at a hotel of a small
frontier town. Rumor becomes at once busy that
he is the son of General Sonnomburg, his costume,
manners, and conversation confirm this opinion.
Immediately the priests, mayors and notaries pay
him a visit; lie expresses to them his sympathy for
the Sonderbond. "I am going to Paris," said ha,
"I will see then the King and Guizot, and at the
hood of 200,000 French I return to overthrow the
radicals; only, am I have been disposed by the
Bernesc, and as the propertTof my father is under
sequestration, I am in want of money." All club
to raise money. The son of Gen. Sonnembcrg re
ceives 1,000 francs, and the following night disap.
pealed, without settling with the landlord. It is
almost useless to add that lie was a eherahier de In.
ductrie--a sharper.—North American and United
ALPHONSE 'DE LAMARTINEL- ,— The ladViCea by the
Caledonia make this statesman-poet the life and
soul of the great movement by which France
promises to be made a Repnblic, in the most liberal
sense. A correspondent of the New York Her
ald says that Lamartine is fifty-five years old; but
we suspect he is at least ten years older. One
authority says he was born on the 21st October,
1780, at Macon, on the Seine—which would make
him nearly sixty-eight. The first recollection he
had of his father was that of a prisoner during the
French Revolution. Lamartine has been a hard
student, and has travelled considerably—having
been absent on a tour through the Iloly Land thir
teen months. He travelled in great state and with
much splendor. His literary compositions have
made him an enduring fume, and his last work on
the Girondins," has acquired an immense popu
larity and circulation in this country. He has oc
cupied several diplomatic positions, atid has been
for many years a liberal member of the Chamber
I of Deputies.
As a parliamentarian he occupies a very high
position. Nobody doubts his integrity—the purity
of his motives—the generosity of his soul—not
withstanding many believe he is more a transcen
dentalist than a statesman. Although a man of
immense wealth, his whole heart is with the pee
pl.. Ilk speeches in the Chamber, of which he
has been a member for years, have always been on
the democratic side; and it is recorded of him that
he spoke in a drenching rain for several hours at
one of those great assemblages which led to this
powerful revolution, of which he is now claimed
to be the head. Being a poet, his imagination is
lively and happy: he lies a capacious and reten
tive memory: a manner never disconcerted by in
terruption: a perfect self•possession: a rare felicity
in the expression of hie ideas: a power of pointed
reply : abundance of imagery : a fine voice, and
j an elegant and rather aristocratic bearing—noble
gestures—tall person—blue eyes—prominent fore
head, &c. All these are striking advantages to a
speaker, and especially to a lender in such a revo.
lution as the present, and of such a people as the
A recent French writer, who does not like La.
marline's politico, after a harsh criticism of his
public acts, says : •' By instinct or sentiment, be is
generous, charitable, devoted to the people, ready
at all times to do whatever is useful, elevated and
rational; independent and courageous in his opin.
ions, sometimes on the border of being a radical.
He cannot hate liberty; for his is a noble soul."
His speeches in the French Chamber on free trade,
in favor of the freedom of the press, against the
death punishment, and for extended suffrage, are
pronounced to he master efforts by thoseswelio have
It seems to us that this is the picture of a great
statesman—a genuine republican—a high.souled
and disinterested patriot. France has many, very
many, great minds in her cabinet of intellectual
jewels; but none of them outshines the lofty intel.
feet and intrepid integrity of Alphonse de Lamar_
tine. These are the men that made her Free.—
May they keep her so :—Pennsylvanian.
AT ArCUSTA, MAINE, When Dr. Coolidge wan
naked if he had any thing to say why sentence of
death should not Ire pronounced upon him for the
murder of which he had bccn committed, he re.
"The verdict is against an innocent man. I
I thank God there is a court higher than this—a
tribunal before which we must all appear, where
witnesses cannot swear falsely. I had much ra
ther be in my own situation than in the situation
of him who may be now within the sound of city
voice. I shall leave after me something in writing
which will show the public where the guilt is. I
' bid, both my friends, and my enemies, an affection.
ate farewell. I tun ready for mylsentence."
Mr. Evans now rose and requested the court to
suspend sentence until lie could have time to in
' quire into the nature of some newly discovered tes
timony, which might place a different aspect upon
the terrible tragedy. The court granted this 41.
dulgence, and adjourned till the next morning, at
which time sentence was pronounced upon the
prisoner, as the Lvidence discovered would not pro
' heady have changed the verdict.
The great multitude attending the trial caused a
great scramble for seats, especially for those near
; the witness' stand, where the proceedings could be
heard and understood. When the doors of the
house were opened, the multitude would rush up
the aisles at full speed, with lurid yells, some with
hats off and coats streaming behind to secure their
seats—a most disgraceful scene on such an occa
sion. There was also some scuffling, ton, we be
lieve, among the ladies (7) in the galleries to se
cure the best seats.
GRAVITATION OF TIM Ei.t:crarcFl.utn.—Mr. Lake,
of the Royal Laboratory, Portsmouth, has commit•
nica fed to the lancet the singular experiment,
which appears to show that the electric agent is
really fluid; and that when collected so us not to
evert its powers of attraction and repulsion, it o
beys the laws of gravitation like carbonic acid and
other gases, The electric fluid was received in a
Leyden jar, insulated on a glass plate. At the
lower part of the jar was a crack on the side, of a
star-like form, and from around this the metalic
coating was removed. On charging the jar, it was
observed that the electric fluid soon began to flow
out in a stream from the lower opening; and, on
continuing the working of the machine, it flowed
over the lips of the jar, descending in a faint luini.
nnus conical stream, (visible only in the dark,) un
til it reached the level of the outside coating, over
which it became gradually diffused, forming, as it
were, a frill, or collar. When the jar was a little
inclinea on one side, there was a perceptible differ
ence in the time of its escape over the higher and
lower part of the lip, front the latter part of which
it began to flow first. On discontinuing the work
ing of the machinc,thefluid first ceased to flow at the
lip of tie jar, and then at the lower aperture. On re
newing the operation, it firstre.nppeared at the lower
aperture, and afterwards at the mouth. This very
' ingenious experiment appears toestahlishe the fact,
• that the electric fluid is material, and is influenced,
under certain circumstances, by the laws of gravi
tation. Mr. Lake proposes for it the name of py
' rogen; but this is inconvenient, because it is ;area
' dy applied to certain chemical products.—Medical
DAGUERREOTYPE DiSCOVERT..-1t is well known
that the edge of the sharpest and most polished lan
cet, looks as blunt as the back of a case knife, and
as jagged as a saw, in viewing it through a mi
croscope. The finest paintinolius viewed becomes
rough and uneven, and is entirely destitute of
beauty of coloring or outline. It is not so with the
photographic art. A professional gentleman of
this city, a few days since, applied a microscope to
a. daguerreotype miniature, and to his surprise it be
came a life like "bust" or cost, with the natural col
oring of the hair, the eyes, and the dress, with the
natural expression of countenance. The bust will
appear as of plaster, of granite, or of Parian marble,
according. to the purity of the glass set over the pic
ture. To test this discovery, take a microscope—
s watch-maker's eye glass for instance—apply it to
the eye, and in a proper light, range it at the true
focal distance from the picture, and you have a view
that is truly wonderful. It may be used to detect
any imperfections of the picture not perceptible to
the naked eye.
Some one at the State House the other day, har
ing very warmly expressed himself in respect to
the numerous accidents on railroads in this coun
try, caused by the walking of persons on the track,
and remarking that same very stringent provision
ought tribe made against the practice—that in Eng
land the penalty for walking upon the railroad
track was 110---a wag standing by, quietly re
marked—' Pooh! is that all? the penalty in this
country is drath r
Mr. Allen, of the United States Senate, uttered For the Columbia Spy.
in debate, a few slays since, what he called a great I BINGHAM'S LINE AHEAD AGAIN !—lt will be seen
truth, and he rightly so designated it. These are from this notice that Bingham's Line has had the
his words:—" A great truth has been established first Boats in from Hollidaysburg and first goods
within the last forty days. It is this, that armed through from Pittsburg this Spring. They are a
men are no longer a guaranty of the security of pushing set of fellows them Bingham Line chaps
despotism. Standing armies have become power-land will be ahead. Art OBSERVER.
less before the people—for they juin with them in '
Columbia, March 30th, 1848.
reducing thrones to ashes. A hundred thousand
bayonets are impotent before the sacred hymn of
liberty chauuted by the unarmed people. This is
the great truth of the age; more important than
all the results of steam and electricity, great as they
were. This truth was by far the moat important
discovery of the times."
The New York Express says of Bennet the crick
eter, who went out in the Cambria devo
tion to cricket partakes in its intensity, of the ro
mantic, if not, indeed, of the marvellous and mirac
ulous. He has been known to get up in the night,
awake, and practice; and to get up, too, in the
night, asleep, and take a spell at bowling, with any
convenient, or inconvenient missile, he might find
at hand; and the habitue of Hoboken may have of
ten seen him putting up and knocking down his
own stumps, in the hollow below the entrance to the
Elysian Fields, all alone with his bat. He has
gone to England, partly on a business errand, and
partly (says a Sunday paper N to finish his education
by a little bat practice. It is his intention, when
he returns, to challange any man in the United
Staten to play him.
FREE Tn ANSLATIONS.—A Pa risian author has
translated Shakapear's line: "Out, brief candle,"
into French thus: "Get out you short candle I"
That is'nt as bad as the translation of an exclama
tion of Milton's by a Frenchman, who rendered
" Hail horrors—hail, thus : " How d'ye do, horrors
—how d'ye do 7" Nnr vet as a compositor in this
city, who put there two lines of Bryant's apostro
phy to Truth,
Truth crush'd to earth shall rise again,
The eternal years of God arc hers.'
given him in manuscript, into type thus fitshion,
"Truth mash'd to earth shall rise again,
The eternal eats of 7'od are hots l"
A 'Risme AmonT.—lt is intended, says the Globe,
to found a bishopric sutnewhere in the Chinese
seas. Britannia has long had a patent for ruling
the waves temporally; but now, it seems we arc to
reduce them under spiritual domination. A part
of the ocean is to be converted into an episcopal see.
Already we have a floating church on the Thames;
but we are now going to give the Chinese a float
ing bishop. We do not know what to say to this
project. A bishop cannot be created on shore in
these times without raising a violent storm ; and
we arc waranted in in anticipating the greatest
danger to shipping from the tempest which will be
excited by the establishment of a prelate on the
Im.ton or TUE SUN. -Mr. Becquerel has announc
ed to the Academy of Sciences, ut Paris, that he
has ascertained that the image of the Sun with its
colors may he obtained on! a plate of silver properly
prepared. The preparation consiststs in submiting
cautiously the plate to the action of chlorine. A
fine photographic image of the sun, in which the
orange, yellow, green, and blue are dilqinely mark
ed, is then obtained.
It has been computed that the land of the globe
wo old be equal to the support of fifteen times the
number of its present inhabitants, or might sustain
a population of fifteen thousand millions.
All the fallowing articles whirl) hare obtained un
bounded pcipnlarlty. are sold by W. A. Leader. the only
ncent fnr the nefilinteli articles in Columbia. and by Janie-
Smith. Lancaster. and John J (Aria rt. Marietta. eau.
ann.—Ray only of the above persons as air other,. are
AN UNEVCALLED rignsenv, And an Alinanec far ISIS
Gratis —lst—For Colds and Feverish feelings. and pre.-
rentinr Fevers 2ml—For Asthma. Liver complaint and
Hiltons affections. 3rd —For Din rrlicea, Indigestion and
Lass of Appetite. Ath—For Costiveness in females and
males. sth—F~+r Stomach affections. Dyspepsia and Pries.
The Great Pointl are, it is not lead to take, never given
pain and never !cares one Costive!
For all those things It is warranted enequalled, and nil
who do not find It so may mars the bottle and get thus
money._ _ _ _ _ _ .
This medicine is 1,0.\ - 171SET'S 017 F:47 WESTERN'
P.9.V.ICEA. Fuller deacroption ui an Alma
nac for 154% grans.
Balm of Columbia Tonic—To the Bald and G rey—
If prat wish a rich luxuriant hand of hair, free from dart
droll' and scurf. do not (.111 to procure the genuine Balm
of Colombia. In cases of b ildness It will more than ex
ceed your expectations. Many who have loot their hair
far twenty yearn have had it restored to its original per
fection by the use of this balm. Age, state or condition
appears to he nn obstacle at hat ever—it also rouses the
Mini to flow of ith which the delicate hair tube in filled, by
which means thousands (whose hair was as grey as the
Asiatic enale) had had their hair restored to its natural
color by the use of this invaluable remedy. In till cases
of fever it inn be found the most pleasant wash that
ran lie used. A few applicatione only are necessary to
keep the hair from fallwg ciii, It strengthens the rants
and never falls to inipart a Itch glossy appearame, and
as a perfume for the toilet it to unequalled—it holds three
time. as much as other miscalled hair restoratia eo and is
more effectual The genuine manufactured roily by Com
, stork & Co., 21. Cour:land street, New York.
Conners Moors!, Pact Esirarter—lt is now conceded
by medical men that Canners .Ifsztral Pam Extractor,
! not nu flamed by Ccnstml. Co.. Si, Cottrtland at., Xetr
' York, Is the greatest wonder of the 111111 century. Its
effects are truly R. All pains are removed from
lourn•, scalds, &c. ,and all external sores in a few initiates
after its implication, healing the seine on the most deli
cate skin, leaving no rear. It is equally benefirial in all
koide of Inflammatory diseases. such as sore IS ipplets and ,
Eyes, Sprains, Rheumatism, White hwellitic aid Ulcers, '
Bruises, Clitlblams Erysipelas,Biles,'eirx Bolorenti. &c.
e might add as proof to all we say the names of many
eminent iihyslcians who use it In their practice, and lion
deeds (Mine clergy who praise it In their people. Kind'
parent keep it constantly on hand. in cases of accident
by fire life may he lost without It, hat by its use all burns
are subject to its control, sinless the vitals are deotroved
Caution—Remember nod ask for Connel's -Ilaffirol Pain
Extractor. manufactured by Cosostoek Co.,..The York I
and take no other.
Deafness Cured—Dr. .111..Voir's .9ccoustie Oil—Those'
den Mimi old age and from tufam y often receliVe their
hearing in a most miraculous manner by the use of this
nil. It Lan the effect to restore the tension and bring into
the na 'Oral action °film parts so as to rsstore the hearing
when loot or unpaired. This will be done in all case, of
' recent deafness, and many of long standing. All deaf
persons should use this nil. Conastork 4' Co. 21 Court
land ot. arc the wholesalers. Price $1 per flask.
Piles, Sores kr— The Centime Ray's Liniment lo an ar
' ticle more justly celebrated as a cure for the above, than
anv or all others. Its cores are almost innumernble. and
it Is only necessary to let those who know the unicle and
used it with ench great success that it is to be had trite
and genuine of Comstock Courtland street. Xete
j York, sole proprietors.
1 Dr. Sphon's Jack Headache Remedy—Why will you tourer
' with ilia diatressing complaint la lima remedy so uthand
that will not fail to cure yin 1 This rrmedy will effect
ually destroy arty attack of hendache, either nervous or
bilious. It tins cured ca.es of twenty years' standing.
.1/other's Relsef—lndian Discoocry—A II expecting to be
come mothers nod anxious to avoid the Pal , Distress
and Dangers of child-hearing, are earnestly entretat d to
calm their fear.., allay their nervousness and soothe il.e.r
nay by the tine °Ghia most extraordinary vegetable pro
duction. TM'ae who will candidly observe its einem
I must approve of It in their henna—every kind and erne
tionate husband will feel it his most solemn duty to alto
vlate the distress ht. wife is expiated to, by a safe an
certain method which is the nee of this mother'. relish.
I Further partici:lam in pamphlets intended for the female
eve, are to he had gratis where this humane cordial is to
be found. The Mother's Relief in prepared only by the
now aisle proprietors, Comstock & Co. 2I Courtland at.
For Wervis—Aeltastock*• Farmifahre will eradicate and
rnre children and adult's who have worm... Caution—
Beware of al/ unless the name is spelled Kohnetock, the
old Dutch name of the inventor. Price 25 cents per bot
tle. It cannot injure the child should there be no i
Worms, bill it Will do good. BOORS.
Expectorant Syrup Hare roue Cough—D. net neglect
It—thousands have met a premature death for the want Aell,/ SCIEOOL & MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS,
orm.„tio„ to common Cold. Have yriti a cought Rev. comprising all the S chool Books in common
Dr. Bartholomew's Expectorant Syrup a safe medical wt use, and a large v ariety of valuable mitt
prescription, containing no poisonous drugs, and used in cellaneous Books. in various and elegant styles of binds
an extensive practice for several years, will most prsi- ing and typography.
lively give relief, and save you from that most awful SCHOOL BOORS:
di Pulmonary Consumption. which usually sweeps ' GRAMMARS: Kirkharri's and Smith's.
into the grove hundreds of the young, the old, the lovely I Gti,ostiscsies, Do. Primary ; Morse's.
and the gay. HISTORIES: Willard's abrg'd U. S.; Hale's Do.
To the flail and Lame. Comstock** Nerve and Bone Comly's Spelle r—Bonsalr. Edition; Elementary Spiels
Liniment and Indian Vegetable Elixir is the moat effect- lers Angell', Select Render; Do Nos. 2 &4. Comity's
ual cure for Rheumatiam. contracted cords or muscles, Primers; English Readers; School Bibles and Testa
and is warranted to cure sup case of Rheumatism or ments. Toy Books Primers, Copy Books. Cypheringdo ;
Slates and Penedo, Pens, Paper and Ink, kc., Ik.c.
All the above articles are sold by W. A. Leader, the
Columbia. and by Ihanss Boors, a great vancty, embracing every thing
only agent for the genuine articles in from a Pass Book to a Ledger, inclusive.
James dmitit. Lancaster, and John J. Libhart, Marietta. Please examine, before purchasing elsewhere.
Caution. —Buy only of the abovapersoas as all others G. G. CLAIBORNE,
are counterfeit. tiov6'47.6ai Columbia, April I, lE46.—tf Post Master.
or S de Wi redT a not i i n ol g ; o o f f th t e lke blEd e , a i d s o li N k vi e ng7t e o rl el ib u r p r t d eal]
stagnant humors which, when floating in the general mass
of the circulation. are the cause of headache, giddiness.
palpitation of the heart. and many other unpleasant symp
toms, and ,A hen thrown upon the various parts of the body,
are the cause of every malady incident to man. The In
dian Vegetable Pills are always certain to remove head
ache, giddiness, and every complaint, because they com
pletely rid the body of all morbid humors, and everything
that is opposed to health.
\C rights Indian Vegetable Pills also aid and improve
digestion, and therefore give health and vigor to the
..hold frame, as well as drive digestion of every kind
from the body.
Bzwsut OF CouNTEnrrirs AND Imrrs•novs.—Remem
licr. that the original and only genuine Indian Vegetable
Pills have the wntten signature of Wtmasm Wrucnrr on
' the top label of each bor.
EU - The genuine for sale by FRY & SPANGLER, who
are the only authorized Agenst for Columbia. Also,
agents advertised in another column.
Principal Office, 109, Race Street, Philadelphia.
Testimony of Aft Doctors in favor of Wis%
tar's Ealsam of wild CherrT.—Thift certifies that
have recommended the INC Ot Dr . .1 IST AIVS BALSAM
OF WILD CHERRY for diseases of the Lungs, for two
years pnst. and many bottles to my knostiedgehave been
used by my patients, all with beneficial results. In two
rams, where it was thought confirmed consumption had
taken piece, the Wild Cherry- effected a cure.
E. BOYDEN, Physician at Exeter Corner,
Exeter, Me.. Sept. 30. L+•ls. •
Dr. Bradford Knapp. of Crown point, N. V., in a letter
dated August 3, ISA 5, hays: "In the course of my practice
in this vicinity I have tested in some good degree the good
qualities of I.Vistar's Balsam of Wild Cherry in Pulmo
nary Complaints, and I now wish to procure a supply of
Dr. A. 11. filuenair. of Tarboro, North Carolina, ...Ref
us under date of Feb. 14. 1.1::47, that he has aged Dr. (s
-tarls Ilnlsnm of Wild Cherry in his practice the last eigh
teen months. and consider it the best preparation of the
kind he ever &my, awl knows of none so deserving the
Dr. Wm. A. Slum, of Washington, N. C., writes, under
date of May 1.1, , 411, ns follows :
I have heard of many eases of decided beneficial
f•cts from its use. especially in Asthma and chronic
cough of emummilie character. I have used the Wild
Cherry n great deal in practice, and with marked good
results in those mines of great nervous mobility, and irri
tability, to it hie), plithisical pm:ems are subject. The
eonthination of these principles in Wistar's Balsam of
I'd Cherry In ingenious and judicious.
Medicid inert are justly distrustful of Patent Medicines
In general, but candor must discriminate between mitre
geous humbugs nail nostrums, and those medicines which
have proved salutary. and in many well attested cases
Dr. lloirman. Huntingdon, Pa.. cured it child of Asthma
with it, otter lie declared be could do no more with Ins
medicine. mud the child must die.
1)r. Freleigh. of Saugernes, N. V.. snys he cured Lis ex.
Complaint of four years standing, that M. until not yield to
the 11•41211 remedies.
Abralintn :skillionn, M.. D. of Boundlirook, N. J., nays
it is the best methente fur Consumption, in every stage.
thnt lie bas ever known. We might refer you to hundreds
of enses, had we room, that would convince all, of its
Editor , . lawyers. clergy men, and almost every class
have at last found nut that W banes Balsam of %Vild Chfir
ry is what "it is recenimended to be,' the very best med
icine to be found. It cures or relics es all affections of
the Lungs when nothing else st ilt.
For sale by IL Wm-isms, Front Street Columbia. Pu.
RadsvaT's Chickpea Medicated Soap.—ra
trounced by thousands of ntilividuals throughout the United
States nod Conodas, giving the most flattering satisfac
tion to all alto have used it. Chemists have wondered at
its mysterious infects. antimony of them have endeavored
to discover the secret of ns wonderful combination of
effieor totes balms and extracts. which render it so speed!.
and efficacious in the removal of Pimples, Blotches, Pits.
titles. 'Fetter. transforming as by magic, dark. sallow, yel
low. and unhealthy slims. to sod, smooth, fair. purr, and
healthy complexions. For the flat, of Chapped Flesh,
Bough. Crark..l. and Diseolored Skin. Salt Rheum. Bing
%Vortn. Erysetrlns, scurvy. and Sore Ilead.ll.lDWArfs
cIONIESE MEDICATED SOAP may truly be called an
iIICS I / 1 11111,11, IrenSIITC. EXerreI , PCTICtS of the Cuticle err
speedily removed and cured—the cutieular vessels are
insiontly cleansed of all impurities—the bands, neck and
tare. pleura.•. a beautiful, clean. Sweet mud healshy ap
FOR SIIAVIVL gentlemen will find this Soap a great
drsulerattim. it prexlnees a rieli cream lather. softens the
!ward. and render', the skin smooth and pliable. For
Cleaning Teeth, Iliadwsn's Soap is superior to paste or
powsh.r. at makes the teeth white and beautiful, sweetens
the breath and pretests the gums from scurf. As a gene
ral Toilet Soap, It 1. superior to nen eh and English Soaps,
it is entirely free from irritarnig ingredients—it is purely
balsamic null soothing to she skin-
Each cake, tr. the genuine. must be awed R. G. Mid
way J. & R. G. RADWAY, at Crustland St., N.Y.
Sold iirColundsm by It Wixtasins. lapll9-Im.
A Pitystrisx's Tcs - rianosni.—Testimony is now receiv
ed from all quarters of the (3.:*.bsr- The t;allossing letters
are presented with n view of more fully showing the
opinions of Plissieinns in relation to the medical value of
DR. SWAYNE'S COMPOUND SYSUP OF WILD'
Swsysc. Dear Sir t (raving used your Com
pound Syrup of Wild Cherry, extensively in my practice,
I was requested by your [igen), Dr. Crutcher, to express
my opinion in writing. of its properties as n remedial
agent. I most cheerfully comply, as I teel by so doing, I
will discharge a debt I owe to the community at large:
and Physicians in particular. As much al I detest quack
remedies and patent Nostnrtns, I was induced Item a fail
ure of the most potent elpectornuns, recommended in our
°lnterim medicas in 'nine cnses of diseased lungs, to try
your prepurntion of Prunus Virginia, or Wild Cherry
It is sufficient to stay that! wits so much pleased with the
result of that. and subsequent trials, that I now prescribe
it in preference to till other remedies where an expector
ant is indicated. In the much dreaded Pneumonia or Die
ease of lit,' Lune, lit the alarming form in which it
pears in r regard it as an invaluable remedy/a
the treatment orthat dl-rose who know me I
hits e said enough, but as this may be seen by persons out
of the vicinity of Prankffirt, I will briefly add, that I have
been engaged in an eon e procure of my profession of
12 }tors. and um n Regular Graduate of Transylvanin,
and this is the first Pment Medwine I ever thought enough,
of to express an opinion iu vs thing
J. 11. ELLISON, M. D.
Franklin County, Ey.
rIiANKFOUT. Ey.. Jan. 7, D 147.
The above certificate is from one of our Physicians
living a few miles front here, lie IS doing a very good
nrnellee. and is considered a good Physician, and stands
lair ; lie is. us he say s, az...gni/a graduate.
DR. W. 1,. CRUTCIIER,
Druggist and Apothecary.
la - Since the harmluction of ivy article to the public,.
there have' a number of unprincipled individuals got up
Nostrums which they assert contain Wild Cherry, some
me called “Ilalsams.' "Hitters," and even Syrup of Wild
Cherry. but mine is the original rind only genllnle prema
ralloll ever Introdueed to the public, which can be proved
by the public Records of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl•
rani!, The only safeguards ngainst imposition is to sea
thnt my signature Is On enell untie,
Jautur y. 7. I'l7.
DR. 11. SWAYNE,
Corner of Eighth and Rare streets. Phila.
Preparril only by DR. SW.AI NE, N. W. corner of
Eighth and Rare street., Philadelphia. and for sale by
respectable Druggit.ts in neatly all the principal towns in
the rimed State,.
Sold by ‘CAI. A. LEADER, Columbia, and Dr. A. H.
BARNITZ, Ibrl,, Pn, March 4, 1E48.-lin.
( - )N Monday, April 3rd, 1519, in the Borough of
ki Col lint, at the Washington Rotel, the following
I ORE WAGON. G BRAT:GUT HORSES, G SETS OF
11011 SI: GEARS. I s 1)1)1.1:, I CUrIING BOX.
Sale to continence at, o'clock. and terms made known
Pllll.ll , GOSSLER.
Assignee of George Wisr.
TO his former business. The subscriber, grate
ful." for the liberal patronage that he has heretofore
enjoyed, would announce flint he has just returned from
the city, with nn extensive assortmont of
ROOKS, STATIONERY. PERFUMERY. AND
selected with great cnre, especially for this market.
lie would respectfully rcque.t a continuance of public
favor. G. G. CLAIBORNE.
Columbia, April 1, 154 .—tf