Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, September 14, 1864, Image 1

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Jp ti ; ES ALLISON & CO., Proprietors.
As 41A11.(8.1wiy or in eivbm t ) $2.01)
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Kowa ale dont id ha prompt, a Mau before the year a tpirte.
Diraer lettere to
Por the Presbyterian Bonner.
SIX Weeks le the Potomac Army;
No. XL
From the Wilderness" to Fredericksburg;
pains, nor tolls, nor trials heeding,
And in heaven's own time sueeeding,
God speed the right."
Up early ! How muoh sleep he've you
had ?
About four hours;. and the must mei%
OD before we breakfest.
Just as " the Captain" says.
What confusion—apparent at least—
along the road this morning! Wagons,
cattle, and men, seem to be all in " a t,tlx."
The slightly wounded who have left the
hospitals on foot, don't know whcie to go,
and eaoh is inquiring - for the whereabouts
of his hospital. But if, as report tends to
wake it, our army was rather,woxsted yes
terday, it is well that we are only in con
fusion—not in captivity. - •
Guess one of our eompc t iy'thinkiive are
about as good as oapturea—intimates that
we will probably be carried to Rietruntd.
He is evidently scared:' .
Sorry for him—,dop t see, any use in
troubling so much-- better take things
coolly. For our part, we feel disposed to
let Field Agent do the troubling•for whole
party, while we simply obey orders. ,
Well, you are taking it coolly—sound
asleep on a brush heap I Wake up, and
give account of yourself.
Only carrying out our theory. Agentis
off looking up our hospital—,our place, you
know, is in its train—and having nothing
special to do -here but wait, lie just .bent
two or three green bushes upon this little
pile of dry brush, you see, and coiled down
for a nap. Kept the wagon !‘ in sight,"
bowever—save when our eyes were shut_
Why did_yop,remain sty long under that
small pine tree up. there ?
Because we could. n't well help it. Our
nap over, we sat down there to write home.
In the meantime, a large drove of ermycat
tle came up in our rear. We supposed they
would keep to , right or left, but they &yid-,
od, " flanking " us on both Sides—and
closing up again in front, theY s kept us
camplely surrounded until the whole diove
had leisurely passed beyond.
But here comes your Agent.
And you hear his.orders. flelas found
our hospital in the rear, and bids us drive
back to it; so lot us be moving.
I do n't see bow' you can drive back much
farther in face of these dironging
mats which fill the road," and on double
quick are marching in the opposite three
tlon, What does it all mean?
It is said that Lee is retreating, and that
these are hosting to cut him off—" a fight
or a foot-race"—" on to Richmond !"
And what are we going to - do ?—proceed
to our hospital, or go with the tide ?
Neither, just new, because 'we can't.
Our agent directs, however, that as soon, as
wa can get a proper place in the train, we
shall turn and foll6w the army. rn the
mean time, we are to `go ,'across the road' to
that Commission tent there, and get some
thing to eat, as we may have to march all
the right thing"in the right place, that
tent is; good fir us just now, as well as:for
the sick and Wouivied r and we are not to
be carried to Richmond; but to join itt the"
It is now well on in the,night, and. Mr.,
B—, our Agent,. hai concluded that .our ;
company will not ,'keep abreast ; in the ,
" race " any longer,- but put up in this va
cant house, by. which we' have halted,. till
morning. Let IA light a;candle, go ist,and
reconnoitre • '
Here is a good room, in which we can
srread our blankets and leap nicely.
Yes; and beie's a bunch of long straw,
with which we can hruah,up the dusty floor
a little,
About ready to ",.turn in," are we-not
Yes ; the driver. has ,the horses unhar
nessed, I believe,hay, le- eut.for them, and
everything appears to be fixed for a good
night's rest for man and beast.
Eat who comes here claiming acquaint
ance with Mr. S----?
An army correspondent of the. New-York
Herald, to be; sure--,listen
" About to hunk down, are you?" ,"`Yes,
sir." "Do you think it quite safe to do
847" " I guess it is—don't you?" "
no manner of means I Our army will, have
pissedehis point, by about two o'clock., and,
in an hour after, the rebels will follow
in their wake." .
Sensation, isn't, it 1
Guess our agent is not quite satisfied to
take it as such, at any rate ;, hear him.
" Boys, we must roll our blankets, hitch
up, and move on, instead of resting here."
Unless we wigh, to be carried" . to
Richmond I Won't our driver be in a good
humor 7—but just unharnessed, for the
night as he supposed, and now must har
ness up again, and lose his sleep, which
last he particularly dislikes
At length we have daylight, and break.
fast 2
And facing toward Spottsylvania Court
Rome, it seems. What an immense 'camp
we have here.
A little farther in the, direetion of Spott
Bylvania--and here we have come npon a
cavalry hospital. -
And a sorry, sorry looking hospital it is
—an old dilapidated I , :g bowie, with its
floors and yard covered with abotlt one hun
dred wounded tnep—einne of thim badly,
and many with 1 4 giro% a hit of tent cloth to
sidell them from this hot ann.
There has beeu hard,fighting,hereabouts.
An officer back *hero we took breakfast,
said he had lost sixty men in six minutes,
and the ground about this hospital is said
to have been fought over, lour times.
But here come the ambulances
To take these poor fellovis to Fredericks
burg, we are told. OM to see them go
huh] such a place as this, but it will be. a
hard ride for them. We will Preeede thein,
in search of our corps again; but we must
first help them into the ambttlances.
Poor fellows 1-ons' t.hou of a leg, and
the other of an arm .)" both in the same am
Well, this does exceed ale the marching
or driving we have yet experienced I ,—.
making headway in the fa cA of ,army
train that seems endless, , while'its wagons
are sometimes three abreast, is no child's
Little by little, we are gaining, howcver.
There is nothing like waiting and working,
,patiently, , s '
At last we•hatte reedited the.Fredericks
'burg road I and more, with it, have found
the Ninth Army Carps ,again. While •the
tarps is passing, we,will have some refresh. ,
meet, and then take our place in the hos
pital train for the oity.
Darkness is upon us aga i n , and another
mght.maroh before us.
And what a weary way . for theSe p . ocri
fellows in the ambulances I We -wet "
gladly do more than, giveL them the Smoak
side tad' while ive with'
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VOL. XII. NO. 52
lumber over these broken remnants of what
was once a plank, road.
Three o'clock in the morning I and halt
ed at last- 7 a, little out of Fredericksburg.
And the teamsters are ordered to' "
hitch and feed," in the road, just as they
stand. We can but do the same.
Shall we get any sleep ?
. , ThOse who can, may.
You mean those who have played " squat
ter sovereignty," and " preempted' the
wagon ?
I do : and the balance of us may wait
and watch for the day. 'Will not have long
*to Watch; however.
`,,lsut poor G— ought to have sleep • he'
is not - fit to stand so much " grief," yet his.
`continued to march on, foot ,When he ought
to hive been in the'Wagon, and he is utter
ly exhausted.
All true but to . "kave been " in the
wagon is the onitway . te be in, and
he will lave to go sleepless as well, as we.
134 dome, take this water-bucket, and let
us sit by thit fire here, vihile we watch for
the moining.
Did you hear that one poor fellow died
in his a`mbulanee a little while a g o?'
You see those men with a lantern down
there below the road; they are digging, his
grave. Away-side burial—how atid 'and
lonely I But with the poor soldier, it is
"dust to dust" wherever he falls. .How
cruel it was,,that when wagons were found ‘
on the side .triGic io-night,. the. ambulances
,behind should 'be ordered ont,'upon the
broken planks.
It was 'cruel. I was, there at the time,
and as each ambulanie liegaii to jolt over
t‘litivieees, I could hear the poor wounded
fellovirs groan out with_pain.
And. before the move was made, we heard
some one say, " I will take the responsibil
ity." If he were a surgeon we pity, the,
sufferer& all the more, as it is probable that
this is not the . last they will eperience Of.
his , " tender mercies."
Daylight once-more-and glad of it. .I
So are we; and this 'makes two nights
in succession, in which we have not had
ten minutes' sleep—preceded, too, by eleo
'en,' in= which , we 'have probably averaged
but.. about four hours to each night. If
" the sickman " can stand' this, I guess he
will get " well ".when he gets a chance.
And with the early morning we enter
the little city of Fredericksburg, Va.—of
sad Memory, and now to be of sadder mem
ory still. This long line of ambulances,
with those thit shall follow, will make it
onngrand hospital for our brave wounded.
Here thousands will suffer; here hundreds
will die; and here they will be buried.
Flowers plucked from many a distant gar
den will here drop their faded leaves in
strange dust commingling". C.
For the Presbyterian Banner
All Hail, Maryland;
,ED/TORS think I have
not seen in your columns any notice; of the
acts and debates of 16 the Convention of the
State of Maryland for the formation' of a
new Constitution." A friend, who 'is a
Member of' the Convention, has. been send
ing me the , stenographer's report of their
proceedings, and. I have read them with
great' interest, especially• as that is my na
tive State. Permit me to direct attention
to, two particulars.
I. The Convention has idepted by a very
large majority , an article repudiating the
State Rights or S'ecession, doctrine, as fol-
Jews " The Constitution of the United
States and the laris made in pursuance
thereof being the supreme law of the land
every citizen of this State owes paramount
Olegutnee to the Galati t /don and. fovcrn-
rent o f the United
States,.and is not
bound by any law or Ordinance of this State
in contravention or subversion thereof'
This article did not pass , without a very
strenuous and. persistent opposition espe
eially to the clause, this State owes para.
*cunt Ole ance 'to the .Constitution and
Government of the United States" The
opponents of the article, however, with
scarce an exception, disavowed the right of
Secession, but discoursed largely npon
" State sovereignty,' "State rights,' &c.
The inconsistency manifested in
lowing their to their legiti;
mate conclusion, as South Carolina and
other . rebel States have done, Was very
clearly demonstrated.
2. But on'the question of the &nth,:
uance of slavery in Maryland, the discus
sion was stillmore animated' and .pretract
ed, and the vote on 'the Utter and haat de-
struction of the whole systeni was even
more decisive. The ."following is the arti
cle as adopted : 44 Hereafter, in this State,
there shall be neither slivery nor involun
tary 'servitude, except in punishment of
Client), whereof the party shall have been
duly cortirieted ; and all persons held to
service tir labor, 'as slaves, are hereby de
clared tree."
In reference to this action, it may be re
marked, that so. recently as 1850 a similar
Convention inserted in the Constitution of
the State' an article expressly forbidding
the Legislature to take any steps toward
the manumission of the slaves. Of course
the slaveholderwand their friends were tri
umphantly the majority; and the people
ratified their action. Compared- with the
act just quoted; it will appear that public
sentiment has greatly changed since the
year 1850.
Bow it has come to pass that in to short
a term public opinion has undergone so en
tire a revolution in regard' to slavery, may
be gathered from the speeches of the mem
bers. I have room for only two specimens.
Says one member
" The final argument that I shall urge
in favor of the abolition of slavery in
Maryland is that which has been repeatedly
used. in this debate. Slavery is the link
that connects us with the rebellion, and it
must be severed. Loss of property may
ensue; what matter iron:tense. loss of
property has ensued from this rebellion
throughout the whole of the State. I
make the charge, and, challenge refutation,
that slavery was the,eause of this rebellion;
that the rebellion is "to-day nothing more,
nothing less, than slavery fighting for
power; and that inasmuch as we sympathize
with, or, attempt to ,bolster up, or, defer the
obliteration of slavery in this State, by
just so much do we sympathize with,, bol
ster up, and defer the erushing out of the
rebellion.; and by.just BO much do we add
to the hardens of our already overburdened
country > struggling for life. Not far an
instant ~of time, not by a breath of my nos
will I now, or ever while God gives
lif'o, opproach or seem to approach by a
hair's breadth, toward even the imagined
commission of that damning deed,"
Another closes, an eloquent .
gument as follows
1 ' The conviction ho gone down into the
very"depths' of my soil that the great ene
my -of my country,• the enemy at whose
door I lay all the evils that have fallen
upon her, the enemy which has tried to
strike" her down from her proud place in
the van of nations; which has for the first
time draggled her proud,starry flag in the
mud and mire—that enemy, as God is my
holier:l , to be the institution ci
hrunan laveeryzr Right or, wrougj
it. Nay, sir, I take that back, and say
that I know it. And though I am the
`fiend and daily companion and associate of
the Slaveholder, I am as true and earnest a
hater of the system as breathes God's free
air this night. Many a day and many a
night have I followed the bloody history of
the times, and as I have done so I have
promised myself that if the dap should
ever come when I could strike that system
blow,when I could put the knife to its
heart, God helping , L would strike
strong and sure. The
~gentleman from
Anne Arundel quote& the'lines
The flesh will quiver when the pineerskear,
The blood will follow. where the knife is
t have marked for three long tbree
years, ,
long, dark, terrible' years, the quivering
flesh of my torn ancl' . bleeding country. I
'bevel:narked' =the flowing of the precious,
priceless blond which. slavery has drawn
from • veins that •ought
,to immortal.
And loving her as I do, watching her ago.
nice as I have watched Chem, r will never
:fOrgitre ' so help me heaven, that thing
'which has torn her flesh, her quivering
flesh, and drawn her precious, her priceless
blood I"
The final vote gave very nearly two
thirds of *thetonvention in faVor 'Of imme
diate emancipation. Of course the one
:third minority did-their best to.prevent it.
All the usual arguments in, defence of sla
very were adduced and reiterated at great
length, and often with a remarkable elo
quence worthy - of a better eaush. But all
in vain ! Slavery, thanks be to God,- is
doomed ,in Maryland... It is nearly certain
that the people of the State will .adopt the
new Constitution. The value of the slaves
is estiMitted by the speakers at from thirty
to eighty millions of dollars. Maryland
owes a vote 'of 'thanks to Jefferson Davis &
P. S.—Since preparing the foregoing, ~I.
have received, through the attentions of my
friend, the action of the Convention °tithe
question of excluding clergymen from the
Legislature. The old Constitution of
Maryland, it appears, had made this in
vidious distinction. This has been now
altered, so that ministers of the Gospel
may no longer • be disqualified for holding
%eats, in that body ; yeas 40, nays 10.
The debate on the subject was very inter-
esting, and presented some singular points.
For, example, a member from the city of
Baltimore, in dosing an eloqu'ent speech,
said :
‘,lt, is,an invidious -and odious distinc
iion,-extremely HO. Who are excluded,• by
your Constitution, from your Legislature ?
First, those holding certain civil and mill
tary offices. Now, although in some of its_
applications that isra hardship, still there
is some show td reason for it • because a
man appointed to a civil or military office
gives an implied pledge to the public that
he will devote his whole time, or so much
as is necessary, to the faithful discharge of
his duties. And to accept another office
might be incompatible with the proper dis
charge of those duties, and he would be
holding,''tiro offices, and receiving two
emoluments at the same time. Who else
are excluded ? Negroes and convicted fet
ens; no one else.
"Mr. DAN - Tx - G.—And women.
Mr. STOoKBRIDGE.—Women have cer
tain •legal rights, but no.political privileges.
But all men in the State are admissible in
your Legislature, Degrees, convicted felons,
and ministers of the Gospel, excepted. A
pretty row, certainly. I say this is a: dis
grace to our legislation, and an outrage
upon the common sense of the community;
and I hope it will be stricken out of our
BELFAST, August, IS, 1864.
I iIAvE happily escaped, by being ' 4 Oilt
of town," a fierce and eontinuou4 asFault of
Summer heat in. London, unrelieved by
even a, shower for weeks together. The
Southern and Eastern counties of England
have been suffering from severe drought,
and while I; at Oban in, the Highlands, at
Greenock and Glasgow on the Clyde, saw
the clouds buret in blessing on valley, hill
and gardens, all around the metropolis, the
grass was burnt ip, - the cattle pined, and
the city itself became so hot ler that
could get away, that iast week every
ing plaee on the, Southern const—ilerne
Bay, Dover, Folksiown, Ilastinge, Brigh
ton, Ramsgate, and Margate—were crowd
ed,to excess.
At last came the precious rain, "the
sound bf abundance of rain," on town and
Suburb, on Park and Crystal Palace gar
den, on the hills 'of Surrey„on the "hop•
fields, wheat, and other cereals of beautiful
and historic Kent, and the wealds of fruit
ful Essex. It was a great relief, this rain;
prayer had been offered. There had gone
up from many lips and hearts a cry
".From dewless hill and thirsty plain,
lied of the harvest send us rain,"
and the answer came in plenteous effusion.
It if; worthy =of notice, that from the
prevalence of southwesterly winds the east
ern- and southern. coaste and counties of
England and of Scotland, also-have-much
drier climate than- have the western shores
and districts of Ireland and Britain. Lon
doners also are taught by Admiral Fitzroy,
our illustrious Weather•chronicler, to ex
pect storm and rain two days after they
have begun to spend their force in Ireland.
Here ata Belfast is a basin, as it were,
never quite dry—save in exceptional years,
such as the Revivalyear of 1859;when, for
months -together,.there was not a drop of, and old and young could remain—as
they di&temain—from dewy eve till near
the hour of midnight, under the starlit,
cloudless skies, listening with eager delight
to the Word of Life, ever and anon filling
the ear of night with songs of praise, which
found a final and jubilant utterance as they
reluctantly parted at the eross-roads at mid
night, and wended their way to their re
spective homes. .
The Cove Hill with Lough-Neagh to its
west, the Lough ofßelfast and the Atlan
tic sweeping along the coasts of Donegal,
Derry and Antrim, all combine to condense
and precipitate the vapors in the form of
rain. Belfast has its full. share generally,
and this year, hitherto has not been left un
visited. As 1 write, the heavens are bright;
the air is warm and balmy, the sea (at Ban
gor, County Down,) calm as an infant in
slumber, and the Scotch coast distinctly re
vealed—the." fatherland •" of those Presby
terian settlers and immigrants in Ulster,
who'2so years ago began that colonization
of the Northern counties perfected by the de
feat of the rebellious Irish ohiefs t .which has
made Evangelical Presbytery so powerful
in this land, and which, besides its contri
butions of.the . " Scotch Irish" element to
that rare . and wondrous composite, the
American nation, has made, the barren
places teem with plenty, and causes Belfast
and the counties around commercially to
flourish with a wondrous and ever-advano--
lug prosperity.
American visitors to these regions were,
always frequent in the Summer time, and
even now, when war is raging on your side
of the Atlantic, they are, not wanting.
Thus .1 1 rnet,Iast.weeit, at a minister's table,,
an T Aincripan' clergyrgan anillt worthy* sit 4
zen, both from Ohio. At Coleraine also I
saw the Rev. Dr. Macaulay, of New-York,
under another minister's roof; and both
there, and previouslY at Belfast, lending
friendly pulpit help. , .
THE LINEN TRADE of Ulster has, as the
result of the dearness 'of cotton, received a
revival within the last few years, which far
transcends its most pa my days in the olden
time. The demand' for — fine and cower
linens is unparalleled From every e,Ontinen-;
tal country, as well as from India an&J the
East. America and therWest have also made
large demands. Every, kind of,other busi-,
ness thrives by reason
,of the prosperity of
the staple`trade of'Ulsier. The hana 1
'weavers residing on thhir Small farins, each
of which in itself ;is quite inadequate to
support .a family, are, able, with .the help of
the little girl or boy who " winds, the.
bobbins," and the elder ions and daughters
who have looms of their eiva, to earn rt"conv,
fortable subsistence. In point 'of - fact the
food stanaord of the Itlish4ophlation:gen
erally is, wonderfully elevated as contrasted
with the period belong the, ..,Pamine . of
1846-47. Emigration to America and the,
colonies, as well as ininiigratioreinto-Eng
land and Scotland, hafe thinned the labor -'1
; t,
market; " Poor Pat" ' etl'. - to. geti- :but
a day and his," mate" ' ,ths, A - iirmer's 4k . .. ft
hie); but now he coi:ls-6'cl. per ,day,..
and in harvest season a larger sum.' His
Wife and children also ale employed' in'
weeding and, other farm-work, and his. eab
in accommodation as well as food, ere much ) .
improved, as is his
,clothing, also. , Yot
that pauperism is quite gone; eertainli
not, not that you never!see a 'Wandering
" Gaberlunzeo' "- man or woman with gar
ments_patched and repatelted, and of all the ,
colors of the rainbow. Verily„ snob.: a fig ,
ure to one who has lived long in, England
is a study; And as moss of these beggars
haie a light heart, a tviinkliiiiiye, 'and - - i
droll saying ready, as well as a ” blessin 1 '
on " your Reverence," or any other straw,.
ger that places even a penny in the palm
of the hand, and as there is :no argent
hunger or distress, evident, you : can, smile
while you study the eon" cal figure before
you, even 'while` you'are'ulloted at the sane'.
time with ".The Lord reward you," " The
heavens be your bed,' 1." May - you < niter;
know want or. sorrow I",. The eloquence of
the Irish beggars has not quite died out,',
and it is very importunate and 'demenstra-, -
rive at the Lakes of Millerney. But by
reason of Workhouses a - IPoor Lawer-and
the death of its origin . professors, tylio,;-
used to gather in troopsvound t/i,e - Mall,-
coach on its arrival in he various towns
thrOugh which it tFasiedt i ind by a nc'ver- - mixture of 'fan, WhinVeg,
wheedling, and sometimes (if you were ob
stinate) satire
,and scolding, obtain a Ke
eariours pittance—from, these and other
causes the present mendicant elequenee of
Ireland is far inferior to the "good ould '
T HAD the pleasure th 4,. week of attend
ing a meeting of the Misaitin Board of the
Irish General AssemblA- in the town of.
Coleraine,- where assembled,:the; minis
ters and elders c nt.usted with the Athena e-
Mint of the various Schemes of the Church.
A most valuable Preabyterian "pastor, the
Rev. 'James Canning,' a Christian gentle
!llan, and an exclllent renal e 'had, two
months before been audgjenly called away
by death. Roman CathoWeS and Episcopa
lians, in ev„iy possible way, showed their
profound grief at his removal, and his
fatherless ehildren,Tor their dead father's
sake, have received innumerable 'expres
sions of tender sympathy.
At: the• Mission Board were present most
of the leading ministers of, the Irish As
sembly. Rome Mission business,
on the interests, of weak congregations,in .
the North, together with Mission stations
in the South and West, Jewish Continental,
and Colonial and Foreign. Missions, all re
ceive attention at these gatherings. Ile
portsare given, in, grants are, made,,coun
ad is taken, and a vigorous supervision is
maintained. It was Very gratifying to
hear, through Dr. Morgan, the convener of
the Foreign Mission Cornwittee, - that 'in'
Guyzerat, at one station, thirteen persons
had been recently baptiza, Dr. Denham,
at the request, of the Moderator, offered up,
special thanksgivinga for the mercy - thus
vouchsafed, cauplbd with supplication of
still more abundant . blessinge both oil the
Gentile*and , the Jew. ' - • =
The standard of ministerial income has,
risen wonderfully all over Ulster, and, has_
not attained its culmination. Manses also
are twine. provided more numerously, and
church debts are beingpaid off. The effects
of the Revival largely remain and are ap
parent, in devotional habits, personal. piety,
Sabbath observance, the service of song,
skilfully and unitedly given, the love of the
written Word and preached Gospel, family
worship .conducted with fervor and regu
larity, and a great increase of religious.
reading. The Colportage Society and the
Sabbath School Society, in connexion -with
the Irish Preshrterians, have achieved a
vast amount of good. Every year their
position becomes more consolidated, and
their prospects of usefulness are inereas
ingly bright:
AMONG recent deaths in London -is' that
'of George Offor, well and widely' known as
one of the most successful collectors of the
earliest English editions of Wycliffe's and.
Tyndal's translations of the Scriptures in to
English, and especially as an editor of the
works' of John Bunyan, as well as the wri
ter of a memoir. of the life of the great.
Allegorist and Bremer. I had once the
privilege of visiting him at his house, at
Hackney, London, and of being conducted
over the rooms which contained his literary
treasures. His father had been a Biblio
pole in Paternoster Row, and dealt chiefly
in old.and rare books. His son inherited
his business and his predilections. He
was rich enough to retire from bookselling
many years before his death, and he car
ried with him into retirement a passim to
accumulate precibus memorials and rem
iniscences of the past. He possessed some
of the finest folio editions of Tyndal inex
istence ; and as to Bunyan, he had institu
ted and carried out such a minute search,
both in town and country, fn London book
stores and on stalls oil the streets that he
has published nobler and fuller editions -of
Banyan's Works than ever were seen Wore.
In his library I found. several editions of
the Pilgrim's Progress, published in Bun
yin's lifetinie, and all in excellent preser
vation: They were of duodecimo size;
clearly printed and well bound, Each copy
had prefixed to it a wood-engraving, rep
resenting Banyan asleep on a grasgy bank,
his head, resting on his hated.., The face
and figu,re were evidently drawn from life.
A fine formed head; covered With thick,
bushy black locks, the forehead broad and
ample, the arch of -the eyebrows very
marked, the cheeks full and without beard,
a moustache on the upper lip, and the
Thole face at once comely and expressive;
the dress was that of a Puritan, with
doublet and hose, and a broad linen collar
over the upper robe. Such was the co, -
tour of John Bunyan, as thus presented
by a e.etemporary limner, In the back
ground are seen the City of Destruction, and
Christian fleeing frond its open gates, while
wife, children and neighbors all in. vain
urge him to remain.
There were also shown to me by Mr. Offor,
the scales and weights which Bunyan, when a
" brazier" and tinker,
used for. weighing
metals and coins, in his wanderings over
the country. Still more interesting, were
his pen k o fe,. with its corkscrew and other
appendages, and also, in excellent preser
vation,. a cumber> of quill pens: which had
been used by him. in the composition of his
Ere" I left Mr.' Offor's house he Showed
me a small panaphlet`bad been dis
covered in Liverpool, after the ouppooed
"complete " .edi Lion ,of bist'woiks had been
pf the. authenticity, of ,the
fresh letters . and pamphlets discovered,
there were very satisfactory proofs, as well
do 'of those relies which I have just men
tioned: -; • - • ' •
Mr.- Offor was a fituespecimen of a coute
teens English gentleman, of the old school.
He was reclining* on a couch, when I en
tered his house at the twilight hoUr of a
Winter day, and he immediately arid With
great enthusiasm, began to show me ,ha
treasures., He was , a .Magistrate of the
County of Middleeex. He loved liberty
yea much as Milton,. did, and th
was a or
`otigh NondoliforlitglietidinitSUßliallea
Clectredieglas = elite db*iiiralite Scrip
ture' `and as inimical to popular liberty.
OL'or= had ;lived to
_,a geed old age, but
his mind was,. vigorous to the last ; It
would ',be melancholy if his collcdtion of
hiiiiks'and other* antiquarian' reliCs were to
he'dispersed by a pribiie sale. -They-ought
to: beepurchaSed.hy-the Directors of -a _Pub
lic Museuni,,,and be carefully preserved for
public inspection.
A Mr. Daniel of Islington, whosninime
diate relatives I know well, hiving laielY
died, his rare -old library heti been Fold for
enormous prices- r eespeetally - his, Editions
of Shakespeare's plays, published in the
fife time of the Bard of Avon. One print
ed `'dopyp of Hamlel, Published •at
: the be
giiAing of the Sixteenth OcriturY brought
a price _almost -fabulous, attleast.l7oo ster
ling. It .is,,,the „rarity ; coupled-, with. the
intrinsic precjoustiess,of such publications,
aswell As oi, those .collections of ancient
pictures;, engravings, vases, ca inet 8, an
firtieles , of veirtu generally,' which iri Lon
don eales-attractethe. s.ttendatice• of the n' o
bie and,the wealthy as;well as of booksel
lers and picture dealera and +Ahem who, in'
. partS of the metropolis are eon-
Biantly'relenishing their'stores. , The love
of Art, and autiquarian tastes, alWays -de
velop themselves -with eadvancing eivilizs
tiunn end, refuleinente; An, astonishing im
pulse also was given to Art and A.rchitee
trire , i - :by the fate Prince Consort. The
Great Exhibition of .1851 was of his sug
gestionrand was an era in the- history of
progress all over the kingdom. The-Ex
hibition at Manehester in 1856, and Inter
ned:oriel Exhibition' of 1862, in' Linden,
was afresh and ..mighty itimuius. Wood
Engraving also has 'reached a high position;
and,the`first, of, our artists; inoluding il
lair, Tenniel, Harrison Weir,,,and many
others; throne,: this form of illustration,
have crowned our Christmas-books and our
periodieial 'literature with ate - ariistie beau
ty and, fulness 'which: half: a -generation
back was, not dreamt
, • .
We have hed recent Exhibitions at the"
AgricultUral Ball, Islington; of dogs - Of ev
ery -breed aid Itieetfroto itrit : ""Merabeedf
the Humane Society" (as illuistrated
Landseer's famous piptere , representing a
Newfoundland dog who had, often rescued
Children fivm drowning) .down through the
ranks'' Of ' , sleuth lactuCada, 'mastiffs,- spotted
carriage dogs, and - Spaniels, to the tiny
" King Charles," the Scotch "Dandle Din
meal! the, lady'speodle, and last and best,
in iny opinion, the f Skye
Terrier, 't beautiful with ugliness."
:But amore unique Exhibition has-been
held this seek,. namely, of donkies. The
poor, despised and ill-used ass is really com
ing iuto favor. There are prizes annually
given in London to costeimenge,rs and Oth
era who produce their donkies- at a stated
time, in a - sleek and comfortable condition,
The Prince cif Wales .hirmelf was an ex
hibitor at the Islington donkey show, and
carried off a prize. The aspect of the don
kies exhibited by persons in humble life,
showed that there is an increasing tender-
D ess 'toward this hitheito pariah class of
the brute creation. J.W.
P.S.—A splendid spectacle, three, even
ings since, .was presented in the Western
sky, in, the conjunction_. of the moon and
the planet Jupiter. Ilonged for a fresh
telescopic view, such "as '"I once enjoyed of
the satellites of Jupiter. From the light
of the . planet from -behind the moon, the
latter was revealed with extraordinary dis
tinctness and beauty, hanging as it were,
in the etheriaLexpanse.
The admirers of the-late Daniel O'Con.
net have , laid the foundation stone of a
monument to his.memory in Dublin.
Headed by the Lord Mayor 50 000 or
60,000 men marched in procession through
the, streets, with banners, embleras, bands
of music, &a.
The. Orange men of the North complain
that they are forbidden to use, or are pun
ished, with, imprisonment if they use scarfs,
ribbons, and flags, while these were virtu
ally, licensed in Dublin. As 'I write, Bel
fastis agitated by party riots and deeds of
violence, •
A statue of King William 111. is likely
to be, erected in this town. The place
where he landed, before marching to the
Boyne, a little below Carrickfergus, is not
marked by any memorial.
Earl Carlisle has resignefL the office of
Lord Lieutenant of. Ireland, in covet quence
of the failure of his health. Hie .sucees
sor is not officially announced. Lord Wode
house, who has had some experience in
statesmanship and is able, is'spoken of as
the coming man.
For the Presbyterian Banner
More About the Ark
MESSRS EDITORS the Bonner of
August 31st, " Enquirer's " inquiry about
the time -.the Ark was building, deserves.
notice. '
It was a "hundred and twenty years from
the time the Lord said, "My' Spirit shall
not always strive with man," until the
flood came. This was a plain warning of
what was coming on the world for its wick
, is no evfdenne that the
Lord eoinmanded Noah to commend() build
ing the ark at that time. But there is
proof, it seems to, me, that Noah was not :a
hundred years building the, Ark. By ref
erenee to
. Genesis vi 10,..he may see that
Noah's" sons were born before the command
to build the ark was given'; we do not
know , hOw long, tut osrtainly sometime be
By turning to thelOth.vrer_
ni. se of the 11,th
chapter Of e' Genesis, w see that She Was
only a hundred years, old, two years after
the 'flood.: The good lasted'one year. This,
with the two years after the.tiod, shows
that Shero was only. ninet,j-seven years of
age then the fl9od cattle, eon y:t he was
born before the ark was be..:un. It 'took
,years, doubtless, to build the Ark,
which:was a standing sermon to the people
that. t.the .was And Noah
-fain prAtatAlgOtte, 411. kb, ,all
and God waited while the Ark was prepar
ing, but it was not 120 years, though a
plain warning had been given that long be
fore. The ark was, therefore, less that
ninety-seven years in building. J.H.P.
, . Christian Vigilante.
" what I say unto you, I say nuto all, watch."—Sr. MARK
Art thou .n life's delightful morning
With all its charming visions gay ?
Does pleasure, deok'd in fair adorning,
'Seek to entice thifeel'astray
Watch ! lest her Oren- song allure thee ;
Oh.guard thy youthful footsteps well ! •
Her wretched victims all assure, thee, -
She leads her votaries down to hell: ,
While- friendship's tender lies are twining
Around thy, young and bunyant breast— '
Ere life's dim day-star, fast deolinink, -,.•
Shall sink forever. inAlie West—. .`
Watch! that typti . isdorn's pearl disouver,;-.
And' wlien froin all beloW thou . part,
That shall remain, and be forever
'The tali'elliii i a tii plieer'thy heart.
Hear'st thou, in &earns, Fame's trumpet sound
post seek her garlands of , ren?Wri ? t •
Ah, see the victor's brow surrounding,
Her laurels 'prov&a, thorny crown '
While, on to fame, Ambition's•wading'
Through scenes, of slaughter, seas,of blood,.','
.See -,see, times &units' all , s,reladings ,
Watelt t l Lhat: they ittretlre itt ggonti god.
- • ..
Watch'! lest temptation's garroutiding-
Involve, thee, in some fatal snare ;+
Perhaps thy soul, it deeply wounding.
May ;lou d with sorrow and d,ep,pair.
Nov far thy:folt the foe is Waiting,
And hell'wontd. triumph in thy shame;
Watch oh, let not thy're abiding;
DisFithor the Nedeemer's,uame.
Watch i when thy, skies are, all unclouded—
'Tie' God alone-can joy impart; '
Adversity,'-in darknisa shrend'ed,
147ay no* be aiming'at thy - heart.
Whew one faint fif.y . 'alone is gleaming.
Through sullen clouds that o'er. thee_roll,
Watch .1 ,and ere long will.hope be beaming;
And . siniling Peace shall soothe thy soul.
Watch! tt) its - olose thy life is diuwirige , '
And thou art;passing to the•toinb.; .'
Immortal light for thee is dawning,
'T ie beaming throuala this gathering gloom.
Yon Beacon on the holy mountain
Mimes for thee the awful vale. `
Thy watehings o'er, rest by you - Fountain,—
Whose living waters never fail.
Cross Creek .Tritioge. . J. bf: B.
Rcligious Tete!kings ill 'the South:*
The following, from The.,Southern .eres
loierian, w¢ll .giye -our. readers, sorae idea , of
the kind , ,of Aeachini. people. of, the
SOoth get, and the source of their ..batrajl
of the North: Truly, , the Rebellion is
founded and fed-on : ' - ,
"For this thing,is dope"-2. CRu..oxg-
CIiES 11: 4. • , •
At the death .Of King Solomon, Israel
had attained the zenith of national glory.
The arts' and sciences had been cultivated
to a degree hitherto unknown, stimulated
by the revelation of Divine Wisdom for
the construction of the Temple, that won
er of the world of art. Silver had been
made in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar
trees as sycamore trees of the low plains,
for abinidance: Peaceful and prosperous
at home, respeeted abroad, the resort of
,Potentates who brought up to it
their glory and honor, this nation, even Is
rael, is .that of whom ' the Psalmist ex
ql4l4k# giaßyis peokle qua iLin
such'a case; yea, happy is that people whose
(.rod is the - Lord." ,
Seldom has a- reign begun under more
favorable auspices and with fairer prospects
than did Rehoboarn's.- Now a: cloud ap
pears in the horizoo, not larger, than a
man'i - lrand, which Might be dispelled by
the - gentlest breeze, but which gathering in
blackness, soon overSpteads the sky. 13y
seceding to the reaSonable' request of Is ; -
rael for relief from the excessive bOrdens
formerly imposed,. Rehoboam wont& have
made them his faithful servants forever.
But no. Hearkening to the counsel of his
youthful and lash advisers, he ref Uses their
petition„ and 'lsrael withdraws from the
ednfederatiorf of tribes, notwithstanding
the brightest assurance of the continuation
of national prosperity, as a union, " for the
cause wes of God."-2. Chronicles x : 15.
Thus was excited a war, he'nn the, very
qought of the nature_ of which, The mind
recoils with horror. Sister States are ar
rayed in mortal strife The tenderest re
lationships are to be ruthlessly sundered,
and the hand of brother is'to be imbued in,
his brother's blood. •
Never in the history of the world has
there arisen a war so dire I Serely,,it was
a fit occasion for the interposition of the
Almighty : " Ye shall not go up nor fight
against your brethren ; return every man
to his own house; for this thing is done of
me. And they obeyed the word of the
Lord and returned." In like manner had
the'United States reached the acme of its
prosperity' ; ; the sails of its merchant ves
sels whitened every sea; it was universally
respected and feared, as one of the. greatest
Powers of the earth. The same Fable cloud
—servitude—has poured forth upon thili
devoted land the elements of dissolution.
The Almighty, in his providence, had made,
the South the custodian of a race which
has been under his curse since the days of
Hain, their sinful progenitor. Brought, in
times long past, from their native wilds,
where the savage beasts of the forest were
almost upon an equality with them, to this
Southern laud, they have here been edu
cated for heaven, and multitudes are now
among the redeemed, and still is this peo
ple being trained for eternal glory.
The African explorer, well known to our
.Ro,gionary Board, ha., testified that the
poorest slave of the most indifferent South
ern'thaster, is a 'prince compared with the
most favored African in his native State;
and"that were he the arbiter, every African ?
were the advantage of each individual con
sulted, would be subjected io the control of
even an irreligious Southern. Master; so
terrible is the negro's native condition,
so inestimable are - even the temporal bles
sings here accruing. For thirty years has
the North endeavored to remove tbe blanks
from a condition assigned them by an all
wise, benevolent Providence. Persinerit
and perverse have been their efforts to rev
elution* our Social system, and thus de
prive the negro of the appointed blessings
God has interposed. He has separated, the
sectiot,s. ls it not in orderlhat the South
shall continue unconstrained in its Chris
tian mission, ai the educator of the black
race for time eternity?and . How else may
we account, humanly speaking, for this
separation and internecine war of brethren,
wbich it has been: reserve(' for oe-enlight
enment and Christianity of the nineteenth
century to behold ?' Would that our ene
mies, before plunging into this strife; ab
hortent to human nature- itself, had obeyed
the word of God, proclaimed Unto and felt
by the very instincts of than : " Ye shall
not go up nor fight agaiinst your brethren.
Return every man to his 'house; for this
thing-is done of
Would that it might have, been inscribed'
Upon the page of history for the instruc
tion, of all future. generations : " and they
obeyed the words of the Lord and•returned"
This view of .- the object of the secession
of the South; 'inspires unfaltering -eorifi
deriee,in the final milk &Hoak tipTumpit,of
@vaYlern, arms: .Thum.lPAY4P:,exPli*Pell
Publication Offi.ce :
BINGEIILY'S BUILDINGS -74 , Tiocio Se." Pirreautaa. Pe.
$331.11.1, AINGLISII a CO., 2. Noarku.srA Se., 10u.tha., Pe.
each trobrtion. A Liberal redaction co Chow who &dyer
tiAr largely. •
EDIT) [AL N'OCEOIII3. or o.l.LtOd. .ou eraanti page. 2
the continued success of a numerically in;
ferior and isolated section, against a mighty
foe to whom an open world furnishes all the
arts and appliances of warfare. Because
" the cause is of God," it must, eventually,
succeed. In this must be our main confi
dence; though we may also be encouraged
in that all history testifies that a people
united in the determination to be free can
never be conquered! Christian patriots of
the,South, be firm and courageous. Fear
no . evil, for. God is with us. Worthy of
imitation was the unfaltering confidence of
one who, laboring alone to further a right
eous cause; was ridiculed and contemned,
-"Tell me not," nobly and triumphantly he
replied; "-tell me• not I am in a hopeless
minority ; : one, with God, is a majority!"
He who doeth his will among the inbabi
tante Of; the'earth, as well as in the army
bf 'heaven, in his own good time,
break the bow and cut the spear in sunder.
He will burn .chariot in the fire, and
exalt us to be a nation. In the meantime
let 126 be still and know that he is God.
This scourge of war is the purifying fire,
purging away national and individual pol
lution. Jle is chastening his people in to.-
ken of his lode; and how great must that
.love be, if it is proportioned to the severity
of his chastisement ! We shall come forth
from "die furnace a• nation of pure gold.-
- Let,us then enter our chambers, at d
shut our doors about us, and hide ourselves
as it were, for a little moment, until the in
dignation be p:ast.
There, as though all depended upon God,
let us pray tor our country. Then let us
labor for the: final triumph as though all
depended upon ourselves. 'Strictly let us
obey the Divine command, "When the
host goeth forth against, thine enemies,
then keep thee from every .wicked thing."
—Deut. ssiii r 9. Especially is it our
bounden duty to discharge every obiiga
.tion :moral and religious, to promote the
welfare of our coli?red population, and thus
shail we, in this war, be laborers together
with God.; Then shall 'peace be - .upon Is
rael : then will the Almighty out off the
chariot from Ephraim and the horse from
,Jerusalem,and the battle-bow shall be cut
off, and he shall speak peace unto the hea
then ; and the glad time shall be hastened
dominion shall be from sea even
to sea; and.from the river even to the ends
of, the earth.
How To , AturoNTSEL.:--We must consult
the ;gentlest manner and softest seasons;
for advice nat t isp not fall like a violentstorm,
bearing doWit, and making these to droop
whom' it iirmeant• to cherish and refresh.
It •mitst• - descend as dew upon the tender
herb, or like melting flakes of snow; the
softer it Jells, the longer it dwells upon
and deeper it ,sinks into the mind. If
there are few who have the humility to re
ceive advice as they ()tight, it is often be
cause there are as few who have the dis
cretiOn to convey it in a
.proper vehicle,
and to
,qualgy, the harshness and bitterness
of reproof, against which corrupt nature is
apt to revolt, "by an artful mixture of sweet
and - pleasant ingredients. To probe the
wound to the bottom, with all the boldness
and resolution of ty,good spit:Ulml .surgeon,
and l yet with all the delicacy and tender
iapis of a friend,. regnires.a vemdexterons
and masterly liana. An affable deportment
and a complacency of behaviour will disarm
the_ most obstinate. Whereas, if, instead
of pointing OU,t , their • mistake, we break
out . into unseemly sallies of passion, we
Cease to ]lave' an infloence over them, or
rather create a feeling antagonistic to the
adVice we wish to give them.
person being invited to go on an excursion
for pleasure on .the; holy Sabbath„replied,
" I shontd like an excursion very well; but
I have but one Sabbath in the week,. and
can't Spare tb4:" This expresses an im
portant truth 'in an impressive manners
When we have but one day:in the week ex
einsiv,ely devoted to the concerns of eter
nity, while six Are devoted to the affairs of
time, Can we spare that one day for pleas
ure?' It is the best day of the seven. It
is worth more than all the rest. If rightly
employed, it will bring us a high return.
What we can earn in six, days is perishable;
but the fruits of a well spent Sabbath will
endure iorever. The Sabbath, when prop
erly spent; is the day for the highest kind
of employment, or rather enjoyment. If,
therefore, you would, seek- mere earthly
pleasure, you can better afford to take any
other lay in the week •for it, than to take
the holy Sabbath.
TuE CLOSING SCENE, —Let all remem
ber that the closing scene of death must
sooner or later be realized. Your friends
shall stand round your dying bed, in the
heart-sinking stillness of anxious suspense,
gazing through tears of affectionate an
guish on your changing countenance, and
watching for that breath that shall part
you from them forever. 0, that when that
breath shall be drawn by you with the soft.:
ness that leaves attending relations uncer
tain whether it has passed your lips, or
shall be heaved aloud with the l strongest
convulsive gasping% of violent dissolution,
yott 'inay possess in your departure the
blessed hope of the Gospel—that when you
are laid in the mansions of silence, it may
be said over you with • truth by surviving
friends, sorrowful, yet rejoicing, " Blessed
are the dead which die in the Lord ; that
they may rest from their labors, and their
works do follow them."
THE PEACE of Goo.—Were the sky al
ways without a cloud, and the ocean with
out a rlpple, the believer would not know
well the God with whom he has to doi
for alas! we know how prone the heart is
to mistake the peace or circumstances for
the peace of God. When everything is
going on smoothly and pleasantly, our
property safe, our, business prosperous, our
children and servants carrying themselves
agreeably, our residence comfortable, our
health excellent, everything in short, just
to our mind, how:apt we are to mistake the
peace that reposes upon such circumstan
,ces, for,,the peace *hid'. flows from the re
alized, presence of Christ. The Lord knows
this, antf therefore he - comes in, in ono way
Of another, and stirs up the nest; that is,
if we.are found
,nestling in circumstances,
instead of himaolf.
required to jerusalem to offer sacii
fiees.for, our, sins,: nor to be cleansed there
froni 'our defilements;- neither would it be
accepted of is cif swe possessed the whole
world:and were to offer all we had there on
I Tewish altars. ~ We are Only invited to go
to_Jesns and,to that fountain opened for
bin and uncleanness. in the house of David;
and.there we may resort whenever we feel
the need of pardon, regeneration or sancti
iT 3tEl A bard thing to maintain a sound
understanding, a tender conscience, a live
ly, grabioui; heavenly frame of spirit, and
an upright, life amid contention, as to keep
your candle lighted' in the greatest storms.
CartlST died beeatue God was merciful,
not to ; render .se, but:, to make a chan
nel, tlkrougkffi'llisii : a *cam of salvation
PaiettlficlT ,to guilty. sinners.