Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, September 07, 1864, Image 4

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    lirtsiVt Xtealnitg.
Maggie, the Covenanter.
Nearly a hundred years ago, there stood
on the south shore of the Bay of Cromer
ty, a mill; and close by, the miller's
cottage. The miller, "Johnie o' the shore,"
lived in the cottage alone with his sister ;
attending to his mill for business, and wri
ting verses for recreation; and when he
died, and the mill was torn down and re
built in another place, " Maggie of the
shore ". remained in the little cottage by
herself. •
" She was as poor," says one, " as. it is
possible for a contented person to become ;"
for great gain, you know, comes with con
tentment and godliness, and Maggie had
both. She was as neat, as clean, as hospi
table as could be; and the inside of her poor
;cottage had even a sort of tasteful arrange
ment. You might think that she would be
afraid to live there alone--but no; she was
never afraid. Even though she believed in
ghosts and witches and a great many such
things, as people did in those old times
•°""th - caused her eiuse no fear. " I have been
taught," she said, " that G-od is nearer to
than ,any other spirit can be; and so
have learned not to be afraid." The wild
est storm that came howling among the
&Ss ; the loudest thunder of the waves
upon the beach,never disturbed her. And
it was worth while to take a long walk to
Maggie's cottage, for she could talk won
derfully about those heavenly things that
kept her in peace.
A gentleman came from Cremarty one
day, at noon and in the pleasure of her
words 'and *moiety he sat talking till even
ing. Then as he got up to go away, Maggie
hesitated a little, but asked -him if he
would not eat with her. "It was the feast
of the promise," she :said— " 'Thy bread
shall be given thee, and thy water shall be
sure ;' ", for all she had to set before him
was a pitcher of water and half a cake of
bread. Yet Maggie said perhaps it was
better for her to be poorer than she used
to be : for now when she had finished one
meal, she could not forget that the Lord
.hini pledged himself to give her the next.
. Maggie was a real old Covenanter, and
% thought that no new thing should be
brought into the " kirk" service, and no
thought of the world's business into the
kirk itself. To her feeling it was the high
est desecration to read even an Act of Par
liament in church; for both " the gold, and
the.temple that sanctifieth the gold," were
eacrei in her eyes. What she would have
thought to see concerts and lectures and
speeches permitted in the house of God, I
cannot even guess. But one Sabbath, it
chanced that her own favorite minister
came down from the pulpit after his ser
mon and began to read " ct " concern
ing some merely public business. Perhaps
if she had esteemed the minister less, Mag
gie would have been quiet; but as it was,
she jumped up, caught the paper from his
hand, and tramped it under her feet. Of
course the town authorities would not per
mit such doings, and Maggie was sent to
prison for three days ; but as all the best
people in the country, as 'well as the minis
ter himself, came there to visit her, I fancy
they did not think Maggie's zeal was much
out of the way.
Maggie lived to be very, very old. One
day a friend on a journey called in to see
her. The little cottage, and her own dress,
were as neat and in order as possible, but
Maggie looked pale.
"Are you unwell, Maggie ?" said her
"Perhaps I am not quite well," she an
swered, "but I shall be very soon. You
must take breakfast with me."
The gentleman did not refuse, for well
he knew what a charm it was to, sit at Mag
gie's table; but this morning she did not
talk much, nor eat. When the meal was
over, she put away what was left, saying:
"God has been so good to me ! There
has been no one but himself to provide for
me, but I have never wanted a meal since
my brother died. Are you coming back
this way, sir, this evening ?"
And her friend said, " Yes."
"Then stop Mid see . me," said Maggie.
"'I am not well'now, but I feel—yes, I am
sure—that you will find me quite well
then. Will you come 7"
Her friend promised, and went away.
It was already twilight when_ he came
back, ' and lifting the latch of Maggie's
door, he went in. The fire was dying out
on the hearth, the room was le ery silent.
Maggie sat by the window that looked out
to the west, and the last evening light
shone on her calm face, which was looking
up, and showed the peace and joy that rest
ed there. Before her lay au open Bible.
"I am come, Maggie," said her friend.
But Maggie did not speak. " I have come
back," he repeated—but Maggie was gone
—gone to see Him, " whom not having
seen, she loved."
" Say ye unto the righteous , ::it shall be
Well with him !"--Little American.
Sorrow and Consolation.
What lack the valleys and mountains
That once were green and gay?
What lack the babbling fountains?
Their voice is sad to-day.
Only the sound of a voice
Tender, and sweet, and low,
That made the earth, rejoice
A year ago.
What lack the tender flowers
A shadow is on the sun.
What lack the merry hours'
That I long that they were done ?
Only two smiling eyes
That told of joy and mirth;
They are shining in the skies,
I mourn on earth!
Speaking. but Onee.-11 Story for Boys.
Two gentlemen were riding together in
a. hack, the other day, when the name of a
young lawyer of good talents and promise
was, mentioned, upon which the elderly
gentleman said : "That is one of my boys."
" Yes," was the reply, " I have understood
The elderly gentleman resumed: "Some
twenty years ago, I was visiting my broth
er in Worcester County, and just as I was
about returning ,home, he said to me
'Dinh you want a boy?' " Yes, ' I said,
'lf I can get a good one.' I ell,' said
my brother, 'l've got one, if there ever
NM one. I've got a boy that does n't need
speaking to but once.'
"I took the boy; and after he had been
with me three months attending school I
asked him how he should like to come and
live with me. lie said he should like it
well. asked him if any one had any
claim upon him—for he was an orphan.
He replied 'No.'
Finding afterwards that a gentleman
in 'Worcester County pretended to have
such a claim, I told the boy that he had
better go and see him, and have it all set
tled. He went, and matters were all ar
ringed, and husoon returned to live with
if cone day, at the examination of the
school in our district, the Committee came
to me with the inquiry, What I was going
to do with that boy ?' Oh,'-said sup
pose he, will learn .:some trade! He
obghtn't do That,' said 'the Committee.
' He'll nok l be. - contented. He loves his
books; too well.'
"I"hese few .woi set me to thinking,
and I finally said to { Johnnie : Would n't
you like, to fit for eollegel If you would,
Twill Vein' You!. Jillinnie said he would
Hke'lt:i , errmuch, but - he had no Means,
after being fitted, to take him through.
Well,' said I, 'lf you do not wish to
study, you had better learn some trade.'
Johnnie selected a trade, and I found him
a good master in L---, with whom he
served his time.
" Finding that he kept at his books at
the close of his apprenticeship, I said to
his master,' If you will take hold with me,
we will send that boy through College.'
My proposition was agreed to. After a
year or two in the High School, Johnnie
was admitted to College, and, in due time,
graduated, with credit to himself and his
friends, and I am not ashamed to call him
my boy."
Boys, I have written these few lines so
that this fact may not be lost; that at least
one boy has become an educated, highly re
spected and promising young lawyer, be
cause he was known as a boy who did n't
need speaking to but 'once ! Will you try
and be like him ?-Congregationalist.
A young popish Canadia.n, named Carlos,
became a Protestant, and wished to get an
education. A few ladies offered to bear
his expenses while he went to school a year
—each to keep him a certain number of
weeks in her own family. One of these,
who was deeply interested in him ' was the
wife of a poor laboring man; hut she would
not be denied the, privilege of aiding in the
work. At first; Carlos objected to accept
i3g her Lberality, saying, " You, like my
solf, are poor; and my Master asks not so
great things of you. - When the worthy
woman insisted on bearing her share of the
burden he replied, " when next I come to
your 'Luse, go
_you to the well and draw
water, and give. to me. one cup. I will
drink it, and be no more thirsty, and God,
my Father will say to 'you, That is all I
ask of you, my child?" But *hen she
would not be denied, Carlos took his little
earpet-hag and went thither. The eve
nings at that time were very lovely—al
most as light as day; but he, whose wont
it was to be first and last at the social
prayer-meeting, was missing there through
the whole month. One day his pastor,
meeting him, asked him why he had nei
ther been to his house, nor yet to the con
ference meeting. "0, sir," replied Carlos,
"my heart every day with you; every
night with God's children ; but when my
school time out, I have work to do; work
to make myself happy, and to please my
Father in heaven."
" Work I what do you find to do, Carlos Y"
asked the gentleman.
" 0, sir," be replied, "I go to Mrs. L's
house. She work very hard for her many
children—cook, wash, sew, take care of
baby, and every thing. Her husband, too,
lift great stones,
and make wall and cellar,
and get money to buy bread for wife and
children—not for great strong boy like Me.
Then I look at him and say to myself,
Shame Carlos, with strong arm, to eat
this children's bread 1' I look at the
river, and see it full of driftwood come
down for miles, and belong to nobody; no
when school out I go to river with long
pole and hook, and I draw in slab and
broken board. I pile it up till Saturday
come, and then I take wheelbarrow and
wheel it all into wood-house. Now three
cords of Summer wood there; and I can
*at my bread and it not choke me.
would give bread to poor man's child, but
not eat up the bread his father earns.—Sto
riet for the Little Ones.
I speculate much on the existence of un
married and never-to-be-married women,'
now-a-days; and I have already got to the
point of considering that there is no more
respectable character on this earth than an
unmarried woman, who makes' her way
through life quietly, perseveringly, without
support of husband or brother; and having
attained the age of forty-five or upwards,
retains in her possession a well-regulated
mind, a disposition to enjoy simple pleas
ures, and fortitude to support inevitable
pains, sympathy with the sufferings of oth
ers, and willingness to relievE want as far
as her means extend.---Charlotte Bronte.
A brief Sketch of the fate .Madame de
Lamartine has just been published in
Paris, which tells the world something of
her domestic life. It appears that she
copied with her own hand all of M. de
Lamartine's works, except "'Les Giron
dens." All of the "coy" supplied to the
printer is in her hand; she kept the, poet's
own manuseripts as a precious treasure,
which she knew potterity would value as
highly as she did. He wrote the poem
"Jocelyn" in a large album which he used
for an account book. The obverse face of
the leaves contained the accounts of the
laborers in his vineyards, the revel's° was
covered with poetry. After the poem was
completed, and negotiations with a pub
' lisher were carried to a successful issue,
Lamartine, pointing to the album as he
mounted his horse to make one of-his usual
long excursions, asked his wife to send it
to the printer. She opened it, and, seeing
at first nothing but the accounts of the la
borers in the vineyard, thought there must
be some mistake. She examined further,
'and found the reverse of every leaf con
tained " Jocelyn." She laughed, -took the
album to her secretary, and resolutely set
,work to copy the poem. M. de Lamar
tine thought his work in the publisher's
hands till a week afterward, when, as they
were sitting clown to breakfast, she gave
hint the album and the unblotted manu
script of "Jocelyn." The poet was so
deeply touched that he took a pen and
wrote the three dedicatory strophes to
Maria Anna Eliza., which are to be found
on the first page of that work She copied
all of M. de Lamartine's correspondence.
She leaves a great many letters scattered
in the hands of friends, which M. Dar
gaud, it is said, is collecting with a view to
publication. They - are represented as
written with great talent.
A still greater service was performed, by
the wife of Sir William Napier in the com
position of his great work on the " History
of the Peninsular War." In the " Life"
of Sir William, recently published in Lon
don, we find an interesting allusion to her
admirable zeal and ability : " When the
immense mass of King Joseph's corres
pondence taken at Vittoria was placed in
my hands, I was dismayed at finding it to
be a huge collection of letters, without or
der, and in three languages, one of which
I did not understand. Many, also, were in
very crabbed and illegible characters, espe
cially those of Joseph's own writing, which
is nearly as difficult to read as Napoleon's.
The most important documents were in ci
pher, and there was no key. Despairing of
any profitable examination of these valuable
materials, the thought crossed me of giving
up the work, when my wife undertook,
first, to arrange the letters by dates and
subjects, next to make a table of reference,
translating and epitomizing the contents of
each ; and this, without neglecting for an
instant the care and education of a very
large family, she effected in such a simple
and comprehensive manner, that 'it was easy
to ascertain the contents of any letter, and
lay hands on the original document in a
few moments. She also undertook to de;
cipher the secret correspondence, and not
only succeeded,, but formed- a key to the
whole, deteeting even the nulls and stops,.
—Miss Proctor.
Commendable Example.
Enmarried Women,
1,1 istellant,oits.
Ladies with Literary Husbands.
and so accurately, that when, in course of
time, the orLinal key was placed in my
hands, there was nothing to learn. Hav
ing mentioned this to the Duke of Wel
lington, he seemed at first incredulous, ob
serving that I must mean .that she had
made out the contents of some letters.
Several persons had done this for him, he
said, but none had ever made out the nulls
or formed a key, adding, 'l' would have
given £20,000 to any person who would
have done that for me in the Peninsula.'"
The °loads are returning after the rain,
All the long morning they steadily sweep
From the blue North-west, cfer the upper main,
In a peaceful flight to their Eastern sleep.
With sails that the codt wind fills or furls,
And shadows that darken the billowy grass,
Freighted with amber or piled with pearls,
Fleets of fair argosies rise and pass.
The earth smiles back to the.smiling throng
From greening patiture and blooming field,
For the earth that had sickened with thirst so
Has been touched by the hand of the Rain, and•
The old man. sits !neath the tall elm-trees,
And watches the pageant with dreamy eye;
While his white locks stir to the same cool
That scatters the silver along the skies.
The old man's eyelids are wet with tears—
Tears of sweet pleasure and sweeter pain=
For his thoughts are driving hack over the years
In beautiful clouds after life's long rain.
Sorrows that:drowned all the springs of hie life,
Trials that crushed him with pitiless beat,
Storms of temptation and tempests of strife,
Float o'er his memory tranquil and•sweet.
And the old man's spirit, made soft aml bright
I3y the long, long rain that had bent him. low,
Sees a vision of angels on wings of .white,
In the trooping clouds as they come and go.
The conquests of Russia within the last
sixty years are equal to to all that she pos
sessed in Europe before that period; her
acquisitions from Sweden are as large as
all that remains of that kingdom; the ter
ritory taken from the Tartars is equal in
extent to Turkey in Europe, with Greece,
Italy, and Spain; the portion of Turkey in
Europe annexed to Russia is as extensive
as Prussia without the Rhenish provinces;
her conquests in Asiatic Turkey comprise
as much territory, as is contained in all the
smaller German States; from Persia she
has taken a country as large as England;
and her portion of Poland is equal to the
whole of the empire of A.ustria.
On examining the composition of her
population, it will be found to consist of
2,000,000 of Caucasian tribes; 4,000,000
of Cossacks, Kirghs, and Georgians; 5,-
000,000 of Turks, Mon g ols, and Tartars;
6,000,000 Swedes, Finlanders, and Urn
liana; 20,000,000 Muscovites of the Greek
Church; and 23,000,000 Poles of either
the Catholic or Russian national reli
gions: in all, 60,000,000. The popu
lation of Poland forms two fifths of the
whole number, and is contained on one
eighth of the entire territory. These dif
ferent populations have, during the last
century, been Undergoing a 'denationaliza
tion which, we repeat, if it could be real
ized, would be one of the most considera
ble conquests ever made by any nation.
The above refers to the past. Sup
posing, for the future, that Russia would
be satisfied with completing the union of,
the &lave populations, which she has par
tinily conquered, with the Tartari nations,'
of which she possesses a portion, and the
population of the Greek Church, the pro
tection of which on the Danube and in the
Ottoman empire she claims, her increase
would be as follows : In addition to the
60,000,000 souls above enumerated, she
would have the. Belays populations of the
Austrian empire, 15,000,000; the Have
populations of Prussia, 2,000,000; the
Roumain and Servian nations of the Greek
Church, 7,000,000; and, lastly, the peoples
of Turkish and Tartar origin and others,
20,000,000. The whole would form a pop
ulation of more than 100,000,000 inhab
itants, which she would, hold at her dispo
sal, supposing, we repeat, that she should
think fit to limit herself to completing the
conquests commenced—that is toeay, those
•of the &lave, Greek and Tartar elements.
France, in 1853, by throwing herself
between Nicholas L and the pretended•
gf dying man," who still lives, efficaciously
delayed the completion of the conquest of
the Greek and Tartar nations. By:these
preient events in Poland, the Sclave ele
'trent is, however, more and more compro
mised. Let Russia succeed in amalgama
ting the 23,000,000 Poles above mentioned,'
and there is no doubt that the Selave popu
lations of Austria and Prussia will soon be
united, to the victorious race, which will
employ against them a religious- propa
gandism and the sword, as has been done
in Poland.— Siecle.
Peaches—Where Grown, How Sent to Market,
One of The Tribune reporters has been
among the peach men, and visiting all the
railroad depots and steamboats bringing
peaches to New York and Jersey City op
posite, also most of the large Wholesale
dealers and receivers of the fruit. He has
collected many statistics and items_ of inter
est and value to those living outside of that
city, and who have faint conceptions of
the magnitude of the trade. They would.
receive considerable enlightenment by
visiting Jersey City about noon any day
except Sunday, and witnesing the ar
rival of the Delaware peach train of
twenty to thirty cars, completely filled
with peaches, each ear containing about
five hundred baskets or their equivalent in
crates. We will here remark that the'peach
crop of Maryland, Delaware and New Jersey
is larger than at any former year since 1857,
ranch the largest portion of which is sent
to the New York market, though large
quantities are sold •in Philadelphia,and
smaller amounts in Baltimore and Vash
About 44,500 baskets are now coming to
New York daily, viz: 13,500 by the Dela,:
ware peach train over the New, Jersey It
R. Transportation Co.'s road, landing at
Jersey City
,(15,500 on one day); 10,000
by Adams' Express and the Milhton train,
landing at the same place; 17,000 over the
Camden and Amboy road, landing at Pier
1 North River, New York; 1,500 by the
Raritan and Delaware Bay R. R. (some
days 2,500); 1,000 by the Keyport steam
er; 500 by the. Morris and Essex R. R.
landing at Hoboken op?osite the cur t and
just beginning to br tug peaches from that
section of N. J.; New Jersey Central R. R.
and sundry steamers from the Jersey shores
1,000 baskets. The majority of those al
ready sent in were from Delaware, where
the yield is not only very large, but 'th.;
fruit also of very fine quality. About one
-half the crop of that State is now in, and
South Jersey is sending freely while those
from the Central portion of the State are
just beginning to arrive. The Jersey yield
is generally good, though the drought ma
terially lessened the crop in some localities.
The railroads passing through the peach
regions run special trains during the fruit
season, made up wholly of peaches. Freight
cars, and in some cases cattle cars, are fitted
up with shelves for carrying four tiers of
baskets, and they are pressed in so closely
that there is butvery little'motion to them.
Th'e baskets are generally uncovereil,
though , a few have- cloth covers tied on.
Some extensive growers use slat-orates in
stead of baskets ; a portion Of them holding
Returning Clouds,
Conquests of Russia,
Quantity; etc.
two peach ba4kets, or one bushel each, with
a partition througn the middle to relieve
the pressure, others holding a single basket
of fruit. These crates are very convenient
for reshipping the peaches further North,
and are gaining favor among dealers. A
ear can be packed full of crates without
reference to shelves, the fruit can be in
spected from all sidles, and pilfering boys
who throng about the trains upon their ar
rival cannot purloin the peaches.
As already remarked, the railroad com
panies drop these cars along the route,
where growers fill them, and at the appoint
ed time, generally late in the afternoon or
at night, they are picked up and taken to
the city, intending to reach there early in
the morning. There is a great deal of com
plaint regarding transportation this season.
The crop is so large, and the railroad so
taxed with passengers and freight, that
thousands of baskets are not unfrequently
left behind to rot, or they are subsequently
sent forward in a damaged condition. Be
sides this, the trains have been seriously
detained bf late, especially on the •Philadel
phia and Wilmington, and Camden and
Amboy line, cars due at four o'clock in the
morning, being frequently detained until
one or two o'clock in the afternoon, when
the fruit cannot be sold until the next day,
and when peaches once begin to soften they
Feather Beds.
The sanitary effects of the various mate
rials usel for beds is a subject which has
been too little considered. The old-estab
lished institution, the feather bed, has its
cemforts,>and,,with those who have beea
long accustomed to it, it has become an
actual necessity. In the Anglo-Saxon days
warm beds were a desideratum in every
well-arranged household'; and since then,
through the Modimval Ages up to the
present time, beds, bedsteads, and bed
furniture have been matters of importance
in'connection with every household. The
unwholesome curtains have -now nearly
gone out of use—a change in, fashion
which is conducive to health; with those
of the rising generation, the feather bed is
decidedly going out of favor; and, gener
ally, the medical profession do not speak
in its praise, and before long it is likely
that feather beds will be .disused in the
holpitals. By some good housewives the
cases of the feather beds are changed, at
the least, once a year; the feathers, which'
have massed together in lumps, are sepa
rated, aired, and then placed in a clean
covering. This is a wholesome methsi,
but it is by no means an uncommon custom
to leave the feathers in the same ease un
opened for- many years together—a prac
tice which is very reprehensible. Besides
the ill effects which may arise in this way,
there is now an opinion strongly expressed
that very soft and yielding couches are not
good for health or proper muscular devel-.
opment, and are, therefore, improper for
use in schools, and places in which the
youth of both sexes are reared. Up to the
end of his life the Duke of Wellington
slept on a hard, narrow mattress; and
others might be mentioned who have lived
to an advanced <age who repudiated soft
A variety of materials is used for
. the
stung of beds. There are the sweetly
scented heather beds in - Highland cottages,
which, when carefully and frequently re
newed, afford a pleasant resting-place-for
the weary traveler. In some parts various
species of the fern are employed for the
same purpose. In some of the English
regimens the soldiers fill the bed-ticks
with clean dry straw; this, when neatly
put in regular layers, is said to make a com
fortable and wholesome bed. The straw is
changed once in a fortnight; and what has
been put aside from the barrack-room can
be used in the cavalry stables. Horse-hair
and spring mattresses have, in many in
stances, been substituted for feather beds,
and some have carried the liking of hard
beds to such a degree as to sleep on fiat
boards; thiS, however, will not generally
come up to the idea we have of a bed of
As regards beds, in a sanitary point of
view, there can be no doubt that the use of
feathers in excessive quantities is not bene
ficial to health, and that the materials used
for stuffing should be frequently 'changed.
—London Builder.
Boston in 1781.
Some of our readers may be interested in
reading a description of Boston eighty
years ago, as it appeared to the Abbe Robin,
a chaplain in Count Rochambeau's army.
He was a genuine Frenchman, having no
sympathy with the earnest religious views
of, New-England:
In the roadstead, studded with pleasant
islands, we saw, over the trees on the 'west,.
the housesrisin. b amphitheatre like, and
formin t ,c , along the hill.sides a semicircle of
nearly-half a league; this was the town of
Boston. •
The high, regular buildings, intermin
gled with steeples, appeared to us more
like a long established town of the conti
nent than that of a recent Colony. The
view of its interior did not dissipate the.
opinion which was formed at first sight.
A flue mole or pier projects into the harbor'
about two thousand feet, and shops and:
warehouses line its entire length. It oem
municates at right angles with the princi
pal street of the town, which is long and'
wide, curving round toward the water; on
this street are many fine houses of two and
three stories. The appearance of the
buildings seems strange to European eyes;'
being built entirely of woo 3, they have not:
the dull and heavy appearance which be
longs to those of our continental cities;
they are regular and well-lighted, with'
frames well joined, and the outside covered
with slight, thinly-planed boards, over
lapping each other somewhat like the tiles"
upon our roofs. The exterior is generally
painted of a grayish color, which gives an
agreeable aspect to the view.
The furniture is simple; sometimes of
costly wood, after the English fashion; the
rich covering their floors with woollen ear-,
pets or rude mattings, and others with fine '
The 'town contains about six thousand
houses, or nearly thirty thousand inhabitant s ;
with nineteen churches of all denominations.
Some of the churches are very fine espe
cially those of the Presbyterian and Epts
copal societies. They are generally oblong,
ornamented with galleries and furnished
with pews throughout, so that the- poor as
well as the rich may hear the Gospel *ith
much comfort.
The Sabbath is here observed with much
rigor. All kinds of business, however im
portant, cease; and even the zno3t, innocent
pleasures are not allowed The town, so
full of life and bustle, during the week
days, becomes silent like a desert, on that
day. If one walks the streets, he scarcely
meets a person; and if perchance he does,
he will hardly dare to stop and speak.
A countryman of mine, stopping at the
same inn with me, took it into his head
one Sunday to play a little upon his
flute; but- the neighborhood became so
incensed that our landlord was obliged
to acquaint him with their.uneasiness.
If you enter a house, you will generally
find each member of the household en
gaged in reading the Bible, and it is a very
interesting and touching sight, to see a
parent, surrounded• by his family, reading
and explaining the sublime truths of the
sacred volume.
If you enter a temple of worship, you
find a perfect stillness reigns, and an order
and behavior which are not`found generally
in our Catholie ohurehes. -
The singing of the psalms is slow and
soleinn, and the words of the hymn being
in their native tongue, serves to increase
the interest and engage the attention of the
worshippers. The churches are without
ornament of any kind; nothing there
speaks to the mind or heart; nothing to re
call to man why he comes there, or what
shall be his hope of the future. Sculpture
and painting trace no sacred events there,
'to remind him of his duties or awaken his
The Income . Tax in England,—A parlia
mentary paper shows that the number of
persons assessed under schedule D (trades
and professions) in Great Britain increased
in the year ending April 5, 1863, from
285,459 to 493,468; the amount paid from
£3,222,033 to £3,376,405; the incomes on
which the tax was charged from X89,013,-
493 to X 93,322,864. The number of per
sons with less than £lOO a year had
l in
c cased from 18,761 to 18 4 790;. between
£lOO and £l5O, frpta 135,262 to 139,297;
and so on till the highest class, those with
incomes of £50,000 a. year and upwards,
who were 67 in 1862 and 80 in 1863. In
Ireland the number of persons charged had
fallen off from 17,602 to 17,438; the
amount paid from' £168,132 to £167,834 ;
.and the incomes assessed from £4,677,568
to Z 4,673,743. The number paying on
incomes of less than £lOO a year had di
,from 1 . 264 to 1,224, but the
number with £50,000 a year and upwards
had risen from two to three.
t r arm t liiarbtut
For the Presbyterian Banner.
Those Pestiferous Ants--An Infallible Rex
MESSRS- EDITORS have noticed with
interest the various remedies against the
encroachments of Ants, proposed in the
Banner—all of which, I perceive, were
given - as certain cures, for the evil. Wheth
er the " afflicted housekeeper " has found
in any of them the much desired relief,
has not yet appeared. With your permis
sion I propose laying before your readers—
especially the "'afflicted one "—the follow
ing remedy, the efficiency of which I am
sure every one will admit, at first glance, to
be all that it claims to be.
Some years since, the house which we
occupied was most intolerably infested with
ants--so much so that nothing could be
placed beyond their reach. My wife one
day, on my return home, said she had
thought of a plan which" might prove ef
fectual, and asked for four tin cups. The
cups were procured, filled with water, and
put one under each table leg. Upon the
table were placed all the articles of pro
vision on which the ants were moat prone
to prey. This was enough—the thing was
accomplished—and we had no more trouble
with the ants. The little army of red reb
els might deploy, make feint attacks and
finally rush forward in a general charge,
but when they arrived at the impassable
water gulf, it was all fg no go "—and no
-6trategy could possibly gratify their de
sires. _
Let the " aftlicted..housekeeper" try this
plan, and my word for it, she will find it
of more real value than all the other rem
edies which have been or may be propOsed
for her relief.
The same plan is also equally effective
in guarding against the encroachments of
roaches. Also in the APiary, to prevent
the ants from entering the bee-hives, which
they have often been known to do, to the
great detriment of the apiarist, even so far
as to drive every bee from the hive.
N. 13.—1 t might be proper to remark,
that in a location where ants are likely to
be troublesome in the future, a table of
proper shape and size might be prepared
for the pantry, and a nest of drawers or
shelves placed thereon, and permanently
fastened down upon its top by means of
nails or screws, in and upon which every
article the ants delight to prey upon, might
be placed, with the utmost security.
The Grape.
The culture of the grape vine and the
manufacture of the delicious wine which is
already extensively known throughout this
country, and even in some parts of Europe,
have been carried to a high degree of perfec
tion in California.
The number of grape vines in California
in 1861 was 10,592,688, of which Los An
gelos had 2,570,000 and Sonoma 1,701,661.
All European varieties of the grape, as
also those ofthe Atlantic States, grow well
in this state. This fact is significant of the
wonderful adaptation of its climate and soil
fo the culture of the grape, and indicates
- that California will become the 'greatest
wine country of the world. Mr; Hittell,
in summing up its sirPeriority, says
"California vineyards produce ordinarily
twice as much as the vineyards of illy other
grape district, if general report be true.
The grape crop never fails, as it does in
every other country._ Vineyards in every
other country require , more labor ) for here
the vine is not trained to a stake, but
stands alone."
Lessons from the Drottth.
in reviewing : his own, agricultural expe
rience the writer is confident that he has
learned more salutary lessons from dronths,
'and cold wet spells, from mistakes and
blunders of his own and of others, than
from the greatest success. So not only
may these dry seasons be productive of
good in destroying insect life, and favora
bly changing the character of the soil, to
a certain eitent, giving aopportunities to
drain, etc., but we may all take lessons• in
deep plowing and working of the soil. Not
one single really deeply worked' field or
plot of ground have we seen which was
suffering at all fria'm drouth. , The earn
_stands, dark green, strong and thrifty, next
to, fields of poor, little, yellow, shrivelled,
earley-leaved specimens, which do not now
look as if they would return the seed.
`Grain, clover, and fields of other crops
look abed the same. Well enriched soil,
underdrained and plowed 10 inches deep
Will stand almost any droutla.
About Bread.
Molly Greenfield writes to the American
•Agriculturist. Many farmers' wives make
milk or salt rising bread, and if well made
it is excellent; but it is not always as con
venient to make in summer as hop-yeast
bread. Hop-yeast may be kept some time
in a eciol cellar, and is very handy for bis
cuit, rolls, cake, and rusk as well as for
bread. One is not obliged to keep a fire
half a day for the "emptyings" to rice,
with the risk of failure from earelesst
in allowing them to become , too eons. or
scalded. Here is a reccipt.for yeast which
is good, something nearly like which I
- found in an agricultural paper a good while
ago. Steep a handful of hops in a large
basin of water, mix with the hop water
three or.four good sized potatoes boiled and
-mashed; also a table spoonful of flour, half
a tablespoonful of salt, and half a teacap of
sugar. When cool, add a cup of brewer's
yeast. Domestic yeast and molasses may
be used instead of brewer's yeast and sugar.
If you wish moist bread, pour boiling water
on half or Vlore of your , flour, when you
sponge your bread. But about Grabain
bread—do you , ever make that? If
made it is :truly- excellent;and wholesome.
Here are two. good 'ways`preparing it.
1. Mix wheat meal with sweet milk, roll
about a- of an inch thick, and bake in a
quick oven. 2. Mix the meal with licit
buttermilk or thin sour cream, use soda and
salt, drop on buttered tins in, small cakes,
and bake quickly.
Shelter for Sheep at Pasture.—We find
a suggestion in one of our exchanLea
and uncredited, in which there is wis
dom., It seems it has been the practice of
Solomon Green, of Massachusetts, to give
his sheep the shelter of small dark build
ings put in their pastures, and into which
they may go at pleasure. The result is
that during the heat of the day they retire
into them and remain till about 4 o'clock
iv the evening. The houses - are small and
on runners so that by shifting them often
the land is thoroughly and evenly manur
ed. This is a good idea for breeders of
valuable sheep, who think no labor lost
which contributes to their welfare.
To Boil a Ilailt.—Soak, according 'to its
age, twelve to twenty-four hours. Have it
more than covered with cold" water, and let
it simmer two or three hours, and then boil
an hour and a half. or -two hours; skim it
carefully. ,When done, take it up and skin
it neatly; dress it with cloves and spots of
pepper laid on accurately. You may cut
writing or tissue paper in fringe, and twist
around the shank bone if you like. It
should be cut past the centre, nearest the
hock, in very thin slices.
To Polish Patent Leather about Carriages,
ete.—W. C. Hart, Orange Co., N. Y., writes
to the American Agriculturist as fellows
" The dash' and bodies of wagons covered
with patent leather,- and parts 'of harness
of the same, as blinders, saddle, ete., may
be polished •by taking sweet oil• and apply
ing it with a soft piece of muslin; after
well oiling let it remain for a few hours,
then take a piece of muslin that is soft and
pliable, and polish by rubbing. It will
look as well as new, and 'well repay the
"I take pleasure in recommending it as every is ay
Editor Now.-York independent.
"I confess myself delighted with your Sewing Machine
Editor New• York Christian Advocate.
"I have used Grover & Baker for two years. Garments
have been worn out without the giving of a stitch."
Rev. GEO. WHIPPLE, New-York.
"For several months we hive need Grover lit Baker's Sew
ing Machine, and with pleasure testify to its beautiful and
elastic sowing, and its simplicity."
GEO. P. MOILRIS, Bditor Home Journal.
"hly family leas teen most eaccessml. In Ite we from the
first. It in a family blessing." JAS. POLLOCK,.
Ea-Governor of Penosylvanla
Office, No. 18 FIFTH STREET, Pittsburgh.
Tho Board of eolportage respectfully invite their friend&
to call at their Rooms, awl examine their large assortment
of religious books, among which are the following new
The Prophet of Piro. By McDuff $1.50.
Bible Illu.trations. By Rev. IL Newton 1.35
The Sabbath. By Gi 1.25
The Syroptthy of Christ with Man ' 1.25
The Imitation of Christ. By Kemple - 1.25
The Post of Honor. By the author of " Doing and
Suffering," - 1.00
The Improvement of Time. By P05ter....... . . .......... . 1.00
,Sermons by Res. Robertson 1.00
Thi Old Flag..„ 1.00
Pfitty Stsel. By the author of “Irlsh Amy,"
Hand Summers, the Sightless
Anna; or, A Daughter at Home
To G i , n d Starr's Legacy ; or, Trust in a Covenant-keeping
Rana - a Sabbath Schools
Hart on Prayer
The True Penitent Portrayed. By 8.0. Nine 5...........
Heavenly Hymns for Heavy Heart 5.......„
The Coins of the Bible
Bible Lessons on Palestine
Binte to Patients in Hospitals
All,the Issues of the Board of Publication ands large sup-
ply of Sabbath School boas, always on hand.
eb 5-6
PENN STREET, Pittsburgh, attends to branches
of. the Denial prnfAssierri.
'ASSETS, ',TWAY IST, isst.. • $11;000,000
OVER 5,000,000
References in Pittsburgh :
No. 37 Fifth 3treet, Pittsburgh.
jyl3. '
The wide demand for our CABINET ORGANS has in
duced dealers in some cases to advertise quite different in
struments as CABINET ORGANS, and in others to repre
[ 'sent to purcbaeera that Eiartrioniums and other reed organs
are the same thing. Tins is NOT mos. The excellences of
which have given them their high reputation, arise not
merely from the superiority of their workmanship,lint also,
in large measure from 1188.ENTIAL DIFFESENOM3 IN CONSTRUO
170N, which being patented. By ye, cannot be imitated by
other makers. Prom these arise their better quality-and
volume of tone, and capacity far expression. Every CABI
NET GROAN has upon its name board in full, the words,
When a dealer represents any other instrument as a Cold
inet Organ, it is usually a mere attempt to sell 'in inferior
instrument on which he can make's larger profit.
Prices of
595 to PM Warerooms: No. 214 Washington Street, Bos
ton, MASON & HAMLIN. No. 7 Mercer Street, New-York,'
MASON BROTHERS. No: 81 Wood Street, .Pittsburgh,
'Nos. 07,19, 40, 41 and 42 Penn Street,
Areprepared to manufacture, to order on abort notice, and
on the most favorable tonne,
All Kinds of Steam Engines.
d having just completed a Sret-class FOUNDRY, are ready
to fill all order. , for CASTINGS of any she or pattern.
No. 144 Fourth St, Pittsburgh, 'Pa.
Jai- Pensions, Bounties, Back Pay and BoldMrs' Claims
or all kinds, promptly collected, IY6-A
IRO 11013 SE.
Our stock will be found the most complete in the city
embracing all-the newest styles of TRIMMINGS in
Chenille, Silk, Gimps; Bead and Bugle Trimmings;
Bead and Rosette Buttons; Hosiery, Gloves;
Pine Embroideries; White Goods;
Bonnet and Trimming Ribbons;
Scotch Plaid Velvet and Silkßibbons;
troop Skirts, Balmoral Skirts ;
Morocco Belts ; Silk and Scotch Plaid Belt
-Lace Ifandkorchiefk; Ribbons;
Point Lace Collars; Valencia. Collars;
Maltese Collars and Cuffs; Lace Sleeves;
Ladies' and Gents' Furnishing Goods,
sidered the best Pianoi , „r. the moil] 1..
, and
warranted for eight years. As - the relatire
%nab° Pianos, we would refer to the ten:neat.,
in our possession from Thalberg, str,„if
Satter, and IL Vieuptempe. A call is respectfulh
before purchasing . elsewhere. Persos at a
please send for a circular. For sale atriactory
HAINES BROS. PIANOS are the best Piewe
try at the price. GROVESTEEN CO.'s piA N ,,. esti l .
octave rosewood, fully warranted, for Vim x Ap Ailsli •
MAVEN'S Parlor Gem PIANOS for f 221.
MELODEONS, the best made. Prices from $5 5
CHARLOTTB BLUME, 48 Fifth St., pltt s b ur ; i :
nov2s-A Sole Agent for above I.___eltrererrtt,
Corner of Liberty and Hand Shutt,
Pittsburgh, Pa,
Would incite the attention of the public to his tate4,.
and varied assortment of
TEAS. Sugar-Cured Hams, Dried Seer, Fish, G4en Fri.
and Doinestio Erato, Sickles and Sauces, Hay ku . 12. !"
Fresh Fruits and Vegebibles, &0., besides a large sterCZEll'
Snell as Wood and Willow Were, Japanned
HOtteekeeping Hardware, An., • Ti r , w. ro,
Air, elm& carferdly packed and delivered free of
for cartage at any of the Railroad Depots or
Landings. Catalogues containing an extended llet g
sent by mail if desired, and all orders from a dietanc e
receive our prompt and'caretal attention.
L ilt_si 411 4D z lei AL Ali
This Bank hes been authorized and is now preparel t re
calve Subscriptions to the
This Ito to, issued under authority of an act f f Congreat
approved March 3,1864, provides for the issue of Two lira
tired Millions of Rollers ($800,000,000) United State. Boor,
redeemable after ten years, and payable forty years it.
date, IN COIN, dated March 1,1864; bearing interest at tie
rate of 5 PER CENT. per Annum IN COIN, paytd,i,
semi-annually on all Bonds over $lOO, and on Benue of tie.)
and less, annually.
Subscribers wig receive either Registered or (10,,p q ,
Bonds, as they may prefer.
Registered Bonds will be issued of the denomination s or
fifty dollars, ($80,) one bnndrrd dollars, file hut,
dred dollars, ($500,) one thousand dollars, (E1,4)09,1 5 ,„
thousand dollars, ($5,000,) and ten Moment] &So..
($10,000); and Coupon Bonds of the denominates of lift:
dollars; ($50,) one hundred dollars, ($100,)
tars, ($500,) and one thousand dollars, 01,0004
KRAMER, Cashier.
. .
Best Sustained College in the Stec,
Twenty Teachers. Superb buildinge t to which •mprari.
manta have just been Made at a cent of $2.0,000. theiir•
passed facilities in the Ornamental branches. Thoroogl sin
extensive course of study.
4850.00 per term (14 weeks) pays all expense s In Ole
boarding department, except washing and fuel. N at t rlc
will continence August 30th. Send to President Pore de g
for a Catalogue. M. SIMPSON, Pres't Trustees.
Spring and Summer
For Sale et the NEW SOOT AND SEM MUSS or
il t4 Market Street, 2d door from Third,
Farrar's Silence hi Theology $l.OO
Religions Catlett of Conscience
The Young Parson I
Pletning's Vmatalitry of Philosophy. Edited by C. P.
Krantb, D.D
Bible Illustrations
Dr. Seise' Last Tunes, and Great Cons
Do. Parable of the Ten Virgins.
Theluck on the Gospel of
Do. • Do. Sermon on the Mount
:Pairbairres Efermeneulical Manua1...........
Winer's Grammar of the New Testament....
Colon on add% Sovereignty
Ife'pe for the Pulpit •
Pulpit Themes
Harts'e Cnurch History. 2 vols..—
Hengstenherg on Ecclesiastea '
'DQcllvaino'e Evidences of Christianity
Luther on Galatians
Saluauchere Popular Theology.
Al) our Publications, can be had of Booksellers ge
erally, or will be sent by mail, poatage paid, upon receipt°
prices ailvertSkeil, by the Publishera,
2t North Sixth Street,
81131162 M. ReMAIMSR
M 9 .I4AStER & • GAZZAIII, s- s AT LAW,
98. Grant . Street, Pittsburgh.
Soldiers Claims .tor Pewdona, Bounty and Back Pay
pktimptly copected. ap27-a
litilt'VtioXig3ll34' tie com-,
Hata, Caps, and Sttaw GoOda'
111 Wood -6-1-reet, Pittsbur
. .
are now on hand for 6pr114 eslea t 'is large and tompittes
'aeadatnnint.ofTGonde na can be found in any of she
consiatin.g of
Silk, and Wool Hats,
of every style and quality; CAPS of every quality awl latet
fashions; Palm Leaf, Straw, Leghorn, and Panama HATS
Straw, and Silk SONNETS, etc etc. Persons wilhieg t
pnrchaseeither by Wholesale or liken, win Cad it to 0.4:
N .Ew Baoßs
- The Presbyterian Board of Publication,
' piled for the Board of Publication. 12mo. pp. 216. Pike
65 cents.
A collection of poetry from various sources, and contain
ing many gems.
Expoeiticu of the Pifty-first Psalm To which is added
THE DOCTRINE OF REPENTANCE.', as declared in Act+ tacit:
30. By E. C. Wines, D.A., nutter of "A Treatise on lie
generation." " Adam and Christ," An. Small 12mo, pp
-119. Price 50 cents.
A lucid and impreseixe exhibition of repentance, prisent^
ed in the simple and interesting form of expositions.
Th-luas Scott, ILD., author of a •' Commentary on the
Bible," Ac. 32m0, pp. 22. - Price 2 ants-
By James Ross Snowden, A.M. lihno, pp. 72. Price IA
and 25 cents.
The author of this work. Colonel Snowden, was for naitlY
years Director of the DniWd States Mint, and perfectly
familiar with the sabject upon which ho writes.
Breed, D.D. 18mo, pp. 132. Price 20 cents.
A valuable Question Book for the Me of Bible Classes.
Please address orders to
46 and 48 St. Clair St
Photographs with Landscape and
my 84
No. 31 South Third
11iresz1(Pellaarf elm CIIiSTNIIT 871
Rave far Sal
air Ant:lnds of Loather in the
the highest market price will La t
exchange for }hues. Leather et
on commhaion.
Tama tier Miaow made
to Gs
821' Chestnut "Street, Philadelphia.
Brudnees Correspondent
Cartes de Visettes.
Adapted to the
. .
. I.L.
« 2.a0