Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, September 07, 1864, Image 1
c=;; JAMES A lAAISON, DDITOI34I ROBE Ii T PATTERSON, JAMES ALLISON & CO., Proprietor% TERMS IN ADVANCE. BY 6;63, (Singly or lo Clubs,) DILIVISID 1111111111 oF THII Curie Pastore endlog ne UN subecribers and upwards, will oe thereby entitled to P. paper without obarge, and another 'Oa paper for t he second ten ; Renewals should be prompt, a little before the year expires. Direct all lettere to JAMES ALLISON & CO., PITTSBURGH, PA. Rev. Robert Johnston. Seldom are we called to record a more serious loss to. the Church, than in the death of this lamented brother. He died at his home—Peoria, Illinois—of dysen tery, August 19th, 1 o'clock P. M.—a eiekness which lacked but one day of being a fortnight, which he bore with exemplary patience, and which terminated in a most peaceful death. Brother Johnston was pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Peoria—that in which the Assembly of 1863 convened. For nine years did he sustain this relation, and between two and three hundred were added during his pastorate. Twice before had ho been settled—at Corinth, Ohio, and at Gettysburg, Pa. He was the third of four brothers—all sons of James'and Sarah Johnston; the former of whom lived to he eighty•seven, and the latter eighiy-fonr. The mother's death preceded this son's only four months. He was named for his uncle, Rev. Robert Johnston, late of Newcastle, Pa. He bad a younger brother in the ministry, Rev. M. E. Johnston, late pastor at Carlisle, Pa. This brother and he mar ried sisters; they studied together ' and were together, licensed by the 'Presbytery of Steubenville, at Carrollton, Ohio. Brother Johnston` leaves widow, and five children between the ages of feur'ancl fifteen. The widow was Miss Jane G. Waters, daughter of the late Rev. John Waters, of Galesburg, " 111. It is a fact worthy of record, that ,four Old School Presbyterian ministers married in that family, settled West, and have since all gone to their, heavenly home, save one, Rev. Wm. F. Adams, of Washington, 111. This esteemed minister of Jesus Clirist, the present Moderator of the Synod• of Illinois, was present at the melancholy decease we here record, Brother Johnston himself had been Moderator of that Synod, and was, at the time' of his death, Stated Clerk, both of Synod and Presbytery. He was an in fluential and leading member of both - these bodies, and the sad tidings which this pa per conveys will spread heartfelt grief throughout the Presbytery of Peoria and the Synod of Illinois. He was a man of attractive social qualities, which rendered him popular in his congregation and city; and always made him a odngenial compan ion with his brethren. He succeedcd Rev. Addison Coffey, at Peoria, and it is believed that only one Communion' season passed during his pas torate of nine years, without some accession to the church, either by letter or upon trffemiori. It.was his custom to have now members stand before the pulpit, and re ceive special counsel and exhortation; in which exercise, it is said, he was particu larly happy. As a preacher, Brother-Johnston was im pressive and instructive. No one in the Presbytery, or perhaps Synod, was oftener called' abroad to assist in special services or protraotad meetings. He usually carried a manuscript into the pulpit, but was so little confined to it, and, on the contrary, preached with so much freedom and ani mation, thai few would suspect he had any part of hison paper. Our (imaged friend made a profession of religion at theage of seventeen, at Wells ville, Ohio. He was a child of the Cove nant, and bad its seal placed upon hie head in infancy. He was a self-made man. Not until tweirity.five years of age did he take up the Latin Grammar; and he was sup ported threat& his educational career from the proceeds of a farm which he had bought with his own latter. His personal address was good, and rather commanding. Of full medium size and stature, be Carried the air and manners of a gentleman. His broad, fair countenance was so instinct with in tolligenCe and' benevolence, that he could hardly fail to strike you, in any circle or company. But after all, his humble l , earn est, and-sincere piety, was - his crowning ex cellence.- That was unquestioned, and produced its fruits of a correspondingly decided character, that gave him favor with God and man, and that will render him halltwedlo posterity. The subject ,of this sketch was born in Beaver C,ourity, Pa., Aug.' 2d, 1813. He graduated at Washington College, Pa.,in 1944, .and studied Theology at Alleghny Seminary. His- marriage occurred April 11th, 1948, between licensure and ordina tion. He was buried in Springda'e Cem etery, Sabbatha - fternoon, Aug. 21st, with an immense attendance , at -his funeral. Men of all classes in Peoria evinced the greatest interest in his siektiese, and la- . merited his death. 11ev. Robert Johnston was a man of, mark. It will be 'difficult 'to supply hie place at once, in his own particular ehureh, and in the position he held in the Church, generally, at the West. In these trying times he was bold`and outspoken for patri otism and freedom. Said a colored man in his town, of him, " If I were as good a man as he, I would give half the world." As to his deathbed experience: he talked faithfully, with his physicians; and, when they had abandoned his case as hope less' it was his cheerful remark : " Jesus will not forsake me." Previously, the Doctor had intimated his danger and sought to draw out his views with'respectto living or dying; his ouly reply. was, " Good is the will of the Lord, To his wife he quoted 'John iii : 16, repeating, over and over, " Whosoever believeth—that means me-4 do believe." "Him that oemeth, I will in no' wise cast out"--" I do come." At one time, be requested several brethren to "go and pray, privately, for one hour, that God would 'either raise me up,, or give me an abundant entrance into glory." Wed nesday night, when'he was supposed to b e . dyiug, he calle all his immediate family to his bed-side, 'kissed each one, and gave each one his parting counsel and blessing. To hie brother at a distance he sent the message, " to be less worldly minded—to think more of heaven and less of earth, lest they should make shipwreck of the faith." On one occasion'he said this: " I seem to see Brothers Marven, Marquis, [fib ben, and others, standing , at the side - of the door, ready to welmie me; . but Jesus is the principal attraction." Several came and sent messages to beloved friends in heaven. He nodded aysent, and answered, "I will see them, and tell them all about you." Said be would preach so different ly if ho bad his world to do over again— that faith seemed now so simple; that there are but three great points in preach ing—the atonement; the offer; the aocep tan eel To the writer of this tketoh, he said: "I am a groat, great sinner ; but He will not cast me. off, will he ?" lie requested me to pray with him : said, "tell the' Church it is awfully responsible work to preach the Gospel : remember the words I spake unto you while .I was yet with you, and all meet me in heaven." Tell sinners " they must have Christ, or perish." The last night of his life, be broke forth thus: " Lord Jesus, come take my spirit quickly; I have a groat deal to live for, but I am Toady to go." On the morning of his de cease, he called for songs, and these hymns were sung: 64 Rook Agel"; "'Come . , sing Co me of heaven"; and "The ; sliming shore.", His: . last request •for prayer was; -42.00 2.50 For thit Presbyterian Banner _14 16 1., Lti rts I trigel :n it 4.‘„ OL. XII. NO. 51. that he might have an easy death. When, to appearance, in the very article of death, a minister of Christ whispered in his ear, " Almost there." " Yes." " All bright yet?" "Yes." Spectators agree that they never witneased a more peaceful end. Henry, let, Aug. 25, 1861. W. Six Weeks in the Potomac Army ; HOW THE DICK MAN GOT WELL. No. X. Leaving the Rapidan—Battle of the TM derness—Hospital Retreat. •" Our bosoms we'll bare to the glorious strife, And our oath is recorded on high, To prevail in the cause thatis dearer than life, Or crushed in its ruins to die." -. lip and be stirring, quickly I Do you hear the orders ? No; what are they ? "Be ready to start in fifteen minutes." Short notice, this; what time is it? Two o'croek—and the fifteen minutes will not allow us to prepare breakfast. We can but take , some crackers and =eat as we go; here, put these in your pocket. Guess we might have made coffee. I see the ambulance drivers are at it—L•and Awe, a whole hour has passed since we were waked, and no *sign of starting yet I Mr. H. proposes that you ask those divers for some of their coffee. Do n't like to; think it probable that he will, however, rather than go without. You are right; here he comes, having secured the beverage himself, and offers us a part--take some. Willingly, for I feel in need of it. There, With a pint of hot toffee and two crackers, we feel prepared for the,march. Four o'clock but be patient, the ambu• lances are "pulling out,' and we are off at last. Bylind-by we will learn -that." be ready" differs, from " forward march" more widely than we had supposed. Five o'clock—and listen ! With the early morning the artillery opens—on 'our right, and but a few miles eastward. Eight o'clock—" Wilderness Tavern " " Mine Run"—and there on that rise be yond are Gen. Grant's headquarters ' indi cated by that flag; farther on, the battle is in progress. We have then reached " the front " and a battlefield at one and the same time. There is work for us now, and use for our stores. We must drive, up to the left hero, take position by our hospital, and, under direction of the surgeons, do all that we oan for the relief of these brave wounded as they are brought in from the field. In, position are we? Yes, and just where we .are needed The hospital wagons have not come up ; they probably got upon the wrong road two nights ago, as we did, only much farther; and the surgeons are in want of every thing. :We must issue largely Trom our stores— :must hand over • even a wall tent and camp kettles. How happy that we brought two of the former and so many of the latter. Darkness brings reflection; and how sad are these hospital scenes in which we have to-day mingled I Early in the afternoon the wounded are being brought 'in rapidly. Among : the first is brave Col. Bartlett,. previously mutilated by loss of his left leg in battle, now severely injured in - the head, and his hip joint badly wrenched, it seems, in the fall. How quickly the attendants relieve him of his- beautiful ".Palmer." How gentlemanly his appearance as he lies there upon the ground I How un complainingly he sutlers—and his coun tenance indicates that be does suffer. Soon the tents rare all full, and the space before them• is strewn with wounded men, as with the leavea of Autumn. Many wait, and wait long; before the busy surgeons 'can come to,their aid; and the while are without the least protection from the direct rays of the hot sun. One poor fellow has his cap over his niturned face. But while a few are nervously restless, none complain, most suffer quietly, and 'some even cheer fully. Torn fleet, unfilled bonis, pierced lungvelothes saturated and stiffened with blood, and pale faces begrimed with the dust•and smoke of battle, constantly greet our eyes. The 'ugliest looking case is that of 'a little Frenchman—put up like a bullet, and looking as if hucould be killed only by the hardest knocks. There is• a hole through his left cheek in the form of a triangle, the two side's of which are'prob ably each about one inch and a half long ; the piece of flesh 'thus cat still hangs on the outside by the base. His tongue is nearly, severed, and protrudes from his mouth. He is incapable of uttering artic ulate sounda—can call attention only by a pitiful moan, and by gestures , partially makes known his wants. And there he sits by the hour, without any attempt be ing made for his relief. The surgeons seem to consider his ease :hopeless. Late in 'the evening, however, we saw him seated O n_the operating table. One sUrgeon held his tongue in position by a little hookinaert , ed in the end, while another was fastening it 'together with stitches. They also fastened the trianglein its place, and the little fellow "looked likennother man." How he will [ manage•to get enough nourishment down to sustain life—or whether at all—remains Ito be seen But if - thereise any one who ' can "live it through," in such case, it is this little balite of a Frenchman. One of your." feeding cups," which you packed ,so carefully ate Washington, might be useful to him. JUst the thing, I should judge, and I packed them carefully because they are scarce. Our Oerarrission men have had a busy, afternoon tif it, and the surgeons scam to be not a little gratified with our work—will make one exception, however. Busily engaged washing wounds—our prin cipal .work- 7 -while caring for the body, we thought fit to drop a word for the soul, when, by one whom we took for a surgeon, we were promptly interrupted with, "We tont introtuee any relitgus converzatshun." If we had teased work in order to talk, at such an hour, he might have plead at least some show of reason for his repro.if. As it was, it savored more of' German infidelity than of the . Christian gentleman. This was our only rebuff, however. By dark, the wounded seemed to be gom erally oared for, and placed under shelter of some kind, did they not? Yes; but on a turn taken among the tents since nine o'clock, we found three, With the, ground for their bed, and but the sky for their covering. Returning to the wagon we procured two comforts, one of which we placed under, and the other over two of' them, and we are now waiting the return of a boy whom our Agent has sent over to the surgeons' tent to see if we can't get.something to make the other poor fel - low more comfortable—but what does all this mean I Agent suddenly orders aqui& retreat—says our right wing is - falling back, supposed to he pressed by Lee, that our hospital is in danger of being shelled, and that, gathering and packing our traps quickly as possible, we must leave with the van. Haste, boys I" "Heiter,skalter Why this mot' be a regular skedaddlel" For the Presbyterian Banner PITTSBURGH, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1864 WHOLE NO. 620. But how will our poor wounded stand such a bringing off as this ? Near midnight—on the Chancellorsville road—and now that wo are considered "out of harm's way " for the balance of the night, we are halted, and must " turn in " just as we did last night, part in the wagon and part on the, ground ; we have lost so much rest fOr successive nights and days, that we have been " tumbling over" on the wagon seat every few minutes for the last hour, and expect to sleep soundly anywhere—the rebels notwithstanding— and here we go under the wagon 'again ! " Pleasant dreams to you." C. A Remarkable Session, •Mxssxs. Eurrons the facts con tained in the following extract from a ser mon preached by the pastor of the O. S. Preshyter.ian church in Meadville, on occa sion of the death of a Ruling Elder—Mr. Augustus Bradley—of said church, seem to you worthy of heing so noted, will you please insert them in the Banner 7 V., " It is a remarkable providence of God, worthy of being here noticed, that the death of -Mr. Bradley, who was a Ruling lilder of this church for almost thirty years, is' the..first that has occurred among those who are; or have been, Ruling Elders of it for period of notless than thirty five years. , If I 'ani not -inikaken, the last previous death, of one who was ever a Ruling Elder of ,this church; was that ot one of the brothers Cotton, which must have - ocCurred nearly, if not quitei or more than, forty years ago. , " It is now within thrte months of a quarter of a. century since I was installed over this church as its pastor. The death of Mr. Bradley makes the first break, 'or change, in its' seisdon--conaisting of six Ruling Elders and the pastor—as it was at that time organized. There had been not a removal by death, nor by change of resi t dence, nor by addition to its number, until this lamented death has broken into our little body. It may be doubted whether• a parallel case can be found. It would be no easy matter to find another case in any de partment of life, where seven Aar sons have remained associated together sWa'any years without change by increase or diminution of number, especially when, as in this ease, at the beginning of that period the youngest one of them was twenty-four, and the eldest fifty-seven, years of age. " Another thing may be mentioned as making the whole matter more remarkable still. Twenty-six, years ago, before the di vision of this church, the . Session- num bered eight Ruling Elders. Of these, two united with those who organized the New School Presbyterian church in this town, and both are living, and are acting Ruling Elders in that church. " In the facts mentioned there is occa sion for deep gratitude to God. There is room, too, for solemn reflection. One death, my brethren of the SesSion, has oc curred in our little circle. How soon will the next occur? and the next? and the next ? It cannot be expected as probable that it will be very long before one and another will be summoned hence. 'The in terval was long between the deaths of Mr. Cotton and Mr. Bradley. According to the usual course of nature, those who re main may look that death atter death - will , . take , place among our number at com paratively brief intervals. . " Two weeks ago, the Rev. Mr. Van Liew, who was pastor of this church forty four veers ago, and by whom the present pastor was baptized and for whom 'earned, preached in this pulpit while on >a 'short visit to this, his former place of residence. His text- was, it And devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation over him."—Acts viii : 2. How almost prophetic of the death we now so greatly lament, was a portion of the very solemn remarks made in that dis course of the venerated and much loved minister of Christ. Let us, my brethren, strive so to live, that our deaths will be such as to leave hope and comfort on our account for surviving friends, and also will be felt to be so severe a loss to •the church that ' great lamentation ' will be made over us." For the Preibyterian Ranier. Pastoral Visitation MESSRS. EDITORS :—As the season of the year - most suitable for pastoral visita tion is again approaching, allow me, through the columns of the Banner, to Wet a few thotights upon this important subject. Do we, as `ministers, talk to our people their own firesides, about eternal things, we should? Do we sufficiently realize the vast amount of good Which might be accomplished in this way 7 ' Do we even realize the benefit which we ourselves would'derive 'from pastoral visita tion, in tile impulse which would .be given to our thoUghts in preparing for the pul pit? , I am persuaded that oftentimes the diffi culty we experience -in choosing a text would vanish, if we would go out among the people, and talk and pray with them about their souls' salvarfon. lam also con vinced, that the difficulty which we some times feel in writing upon a subject, would be overcome by coming in contact with our people. Bat while we, as ministers, would be benefited by pastoral visitation, the peo ple of our various charges would be still more benefited. Some errors- can be more successfully combated at the fireside than in the pulpit. Some troubled consciences can be more easily brought into contact with the truth in private than in public. Doctrines can be better.explain , A to some at home, than is the. sanctuary. Every minister can find out the truth of these re marks for himself, if he will faithfully at tend a pastoral visitation. : He will, per-. haps, meet with a man who believes that the "end justifies the means "—that the Christian, if he only means to do good -in the end, has a very wide margin to go upon. He thinks he may sell his rye to the distil ler, provided, he 'intends to give the pro ceeds to support the Gospel. Or, he may raffia at the Fair of the Sanitary Commis sion, provided he intends to give his ill gotten gain for the comfort of our brave. soldiers. Such an error the minister can often rebuke better at the man's own house than in the sanctuary; though it should be rebuked in both places. I Again, the minister needs to mingle with those who aro in. distress of mind, in order to give them proper counsel; yet, some are so diffident that they, cannot be brought to visit the minister—hence the necessity for him to visit them. Once more, some have difficulty in understand ing certain doctrines of the Bible, and yet have not anxiety enough about the matter to lead them to the-minister's house to inquire for themselves. Now such need to be visited by the minister, and to be en ccuraged to open their minds to him in or der that their difficulties may be removed. For the sake of the aged and infirm, pastoral visitation should be kept up by every, minister. - Such rejoice to see their pastor'o face and to hear his propels. For the Vrenbyterion !tanner. For, the sake of the young, every pastor should visit his flock. In no way can the pastor win the affection of the youth of the congregation better, than by treating them with kindness at their father's house. Their affection once gained, he wields a power by which he, may lead them to Christ. Once more, there. are those in every community who seldom or never enter the, house of God, and yet who may be influ enced to come to the 'sanctuary by a call from the minister. How blessed, to, look back and feel that a lend word spoken to such, or, a prayer offered in the house of such, has been the means of leading' them to the sanctuary, and'Sultimatelyltito the fold of Christ. Then -let it not be said of us, my brethren in the.ministry, that while we have " taught publicly," we, have .neg lected to teach "from - house to house." BEAU. CREEK. . plooted.)- . • Rest. When shall I be at rest ? my.trembling hears Grpws weary of its .purgien, sickening still With hope deferred. -''Oliti that it were Thy wilt , To loose my bonds, and tikledottemhere thenlarti 1 , • .1.., -* , A When shall Ibe at rest ? ~eye gr dim ow , With straining throng the gloom; Isoarce can see The way-maiks thati my Saviour made for Would it were morn, and I were safe with him When shall Ibe at rest? Hand over hand I grasp, and climb an ever steeper hill, A rougher path. Oh ! that it were thy will My tired feet might tread the Promised Land. Oh CAI I were at'rest l ,a thousand fears Come thronging o'er me lest I failat lakt. Would I were safe, all toil and dangers past, And. thine Ovin hind might wipe away my -tears.. Oh ! that I were at rest,,like some I love, Whose last, fond looks drew half my life away, Seeming to idea(' that either they might stay With ne on earth, or I with them above. But Why these murmurs? Thou didet never shrink • From any toil or-weariness for me, Not even;from that litst deep_agony; beneath my little;triali sink ? No, Lord, for whom .l aria iladeed at rest, One take of that - deep bliss will quite efface The sternest memo' `s of my earthly race, Save but to swell the senate of being blest. Then lay on me whatever 'cross I need To, bring me there. I know thou comet not be Unkind, unfaithful,`bt untrue to me I Shall I not toil for thee, Wheu thou for me didst bleed? ememil Far the Pretbytortan Banner Prayer. If Christians neglect one duty more than another, it is to pray. Oh, how little do we improve this our greatest privilege -I Perhaps twice ti day we repeat our formal round of Words, like a School-bOy's task, never looking. for an -answer. bh, fellow travelers to Eternity ! let ,us ever onward pray as for the life of our souls; pray without ceasing, and expect an answer; Our privilege is very great, yet how lit tle improved Christ prayed all, night on , a mountain; but a inn in these days -Would be considered a fanatjc, if not suspected of insanity, who_wouldiilkasal tain and spend a whole night, in prayer. Christians should pray more and most importunately, for the conversion of their unregenerate friends. Pray for them indi vidually, fervently, earnestly and continu ally; then God will answer. If this were universally done, how soon would the num ber of Christians be doubled. Ho* soon might the world be converted to God-I. The - followers ' - elf Christ, should everre member each • other at 'a, throne of grace. I would rather have the prayers of- a single Christian, than the richest legacy on earth. Let those whose eyes meet these lines, pray for me, their writer. Are the people of God acting well - their part in this our--great national struggle? The fourth year witnesses the ravages of an unparalleled war.• It has no equal on the pages of history. Two millions of men have already entered • the - field, 'and five hundred thousand' 'more are called. But' the =end is not yet. Onward !:and ever on ward I whirls the desolating tornado of civil war I the -sun of our political liber ties, staggers and falls back, threatening to set behind eternity ! Oh, Patriot Chris tian ! is it not high time to PRAY for your native land ! Ask the weeping millions of the - North; calmly survey the last resting place of five hundred thousand fallen brave; and then ask yourself, Is it not high 'time to put forth the poet's prayer, Oh God! 'my bleeding country save." Some may say we had a day of prayer not long ago. One day I Why not have a week? a month? The great trouble is, that as a nation we are not yet prepared for peace. If the rebellion this day was utterly orusbed, God would not have the glory; but it •would -be ascribed to our great generals, our brave veterans:, and in vulnerable ironclads. Then pray that we may be humbled and suitably prepared for a speedy, honorable and permanent peace. I am fully persuaded, if all the Christiana in America would make one united effort, and most earnestly beseech the Father of mercies to turn from us the scourge of war, the rebellion would not last a single. month. In thirty days the war would close, peace would be restored, and our army friends returning home. What a happy consum mation What Patriot or Christian would not hail it with joy ! Might not thus be • hastened that glorious and happy period, when the nations shall learn war no more ? That day may not be far distant. May it come quickly.. , • A. For the Presbyterian (tanner Allegheny Seminary in the North-west MESSRS. EDIT,ORS ; :—We had.. an unu sually interesting, ordination service at a, called meeting of the Presbytery of Win nebago, at Neenah, Wis., on the 19th of Auaus . Mr. A. A. Dinsmore was ordained as an Evaegelist. Rev. Joseph Vance presided and proposed the , questions to the candi date. Rev. Wm. M. Paxten;D.D., preach ed the'sermon and 'made the ordaining prayer, and Rev. -F. R. Wotring gave -the charge to the Evangelist. What gave peculiar interest to this neon- sloe was- the relation all the persons ,en gaged in the service, as well as the excel lent young brother ordained, sustained to the Theological Seminary at Allegheny: One being a profoe: or, and all the others recent Alumni of that institutini. To those who are familiar a.eh t re gioo, and the channels through wh ,:n we have usually obained our supplies of young ministers, there will be found something more than ordinarily suggestive in this statement. Allegheny is making a deciih.d ly aggressive movement in this direction. She has already gained a firm foot-hold in Winnebago Presbytery, where we have now five young men, recent gradu.,ts of that institution, all filling important positions and makinc , nearly one-half the active force of cur Presbytery ; and the prospect is, if things go on at this rfite a while longer we shall be completely Alleghenyized in this region. But it is surely some comfort to know - that the invaders come from no worse a region than Western Pennsylvania. National Pride and Punishment. If we should designate that peculiarity of our nation which, in its proper workings and under due restraints, has been the source of her energy, her independence and her progress, and which yet, in its exag geration and abuse, has become the source of rtzinens evils, and of ruin, we would say, it is' her spirit of self reliance. True self reliance, is, indeed, a noble trait, when it rests On the divine promise, and feels strong in, itself, because God, its refuge, is strong,. ,its feet are beautiful upon the monntains, beeauSe an the pathway marked, out by. Jehovah it is' fearlessly treading. A geneaal confidence in her own institu tions and in her own strength; a noble selgrespect which will not lower itself to so base a thing as crime, however tempting may be the lure; the movement of an' ardent heart which throbs - for something higher, better and. greater, these the ;life And ,glery.ef ti f youitg .State-i 1 • , r • lj -- `a aPirikivAhellinridonr.-1 That Causes all tiq.el;bs and. tlows •of naticina t , Keeps mankiiietvige- 13y - • 13ut'there-is , it natural result, and in the. present condition of human nature, if un-, restrained, an, almost. inevitable ree li rlt—of, continued, prosperity which may turn the itopiabies of the - national 'heart, originally so generous RD d eiralting, into 'sources 'of crime and 'dee:ruction. • Into this condition our, nation not only entered,-but had ad— vanced to an alarming degree., We were verging fast.toward a reckless and qr,rogant, trust in ourselves; a sentiment,' practically, that we were the source of our own bleas ings, that we would prosper at any rate, whether God favored us or not. No. land may safely teach her sons to say, '5 Our country, right or wrong." •This feeling tiinds to au atheistical presumption, a rush ing toward destiny, in which conscience and humanity are trampled beneath the All the annals of our race confirm the `l3iblical teaching, that nations, as such, are visited with the .chasteningS of Odd. Many 'epitomes of Universal- history have been written, but the 'records of all ble dead nations were perfectly epitomized long ago in a single sentence of the prophet: " The nation and kingdom that will not serve Thee, shall perish; yea, those 'nations shall he utterly destroyed." • There are , times in the life 'of a people when all hearts bleed with " wounds int medicable ;" when a whole land becomes a Bethel, filled whit the weepings of Michels, who refuse ta be comforted, for their chil dren. There are times, when, as in Nin eveh, the prince and the beggar are alike in sack-eloth and ashes; there are times when the hand upon the wall traces its awful characters so vividly, that the athe istical revellers themselves, in the midst of their banquet, are frozen by fear into ghastly muteness. God smiths the nations. Reverently would. 16 speak of His judg ments, for they are "a great 'deep." We would not put forth our hand to unveil - His secret counsel. But; as we would not assume the revelation of what He hides, - rettner uaLe Wemy 4U elide vilidu zit re veals ; and it ; is His de.claratiort,. that, as with individuals, so with nations, " will reconipense them according to their deeds, and according to the work of their loan hands." What mean these lurid clouds, which hangover us; the defacing of the fairc.st Works of nature and, of art, the letting loose the infernal passions of the vilest men, the unchaining of lust and murder to glut themselves at will ; -over large: portions of our land, theearth, lies neglected, : the plough share rusts in, the furrow, and is hidden by the weeds, the vines are un pruned, the hedges overgrown, the villages in ashes, the cattle, wantonly butchered, lying about the fields,, loading the air with noisome malaria? that mean, these widl ings from the stricken %order of our own State, where the hapless victims of atrool• ous cruelty gather weeping around the scarce extinguished embers of their own once happy. homes ? These are but the at tendants, upon the great central scenes of horror, where the blood of thousands swells the dread river of death which deluges the battle-field. 'These tell us, that an awful ouilt lies back of this awful sufierino. These teach us, that, not in the counsels of the wise nor the: strength of the brave, is our hope. Nothing but the fervent prayer or penitent hearts, forsaking sin, can avail, for this will move the Almighty arm, which alone can save us—Dr. O. P. Krauth. Select Sentences. See the .vanity of the world and the con , sunaptiort that is ripen all things; and love nothing but Christ.-- Wilcox. The world will be burnt up in the day of Christ's aprarance. And why should night-dreams, and day shadoWs, and water froth, and May-flowers, run away with your heart in the mean while? When we come to the water side, and set our foot in the boat and enter on, the river of death, we shall wonder at'our past folly Rather/od. Earth, earth, is what worldly men think they never, have enough of until death comes and stops their mouth .with a shov elful of earth .diacred out of their own grave Gurnall. As Abraham dealt 'by his concubine's children so cloth God by the Ishmaels of the world; he gives them portions, and sends them away ; but the inheritance le reserves for his Isaacs ; to them he gives all 'that he hath, yea, even himielf; and what can-we have tame ?—'Cole. Seeing men can not got the doctrine of GOU I B justice blotted, , dut of the Bible, yet it is suck an e.ye;soie to them that they strive to blot it out of- their minds; and they ruin themselves by presuming on his mercy, %tale they arc not careful to get a righteousness wherein they may, stand be fore his justice; but say in their hearts; the Lord will not do good, neither wit► he do evil. Often a horse on a journey has been so affrighted at a heap of hay on the wayside as with difficulty to proceed, but on being brought up to it, flocs it, instead, of an ob ject of terror, delicious and' nouriAing food. ft is precisely so With fearful be lievers, in respect of deagh.—Goodwin. There is much sweet and efficacious tereourse between Christ and his people in little time. Mary was distressed, and wept. Jesus said _Mary, and Mary said .Rabboni, and all'W4S WL/1.--/6. , Lysiroacbus, for extreme thirst, offered his kingdom to the - Genet -to quench it. His exclamation, when he had drunk; is wonderfully striking Ah 1 wretched Ine; who, for such a momentary gratification, have lost so great a kingdom ! Row ap. plicable this to the case of him, who, for the momentary pleasures of sin, parta with the kingdom of heaven: .Horne. He who seldom'thinks of heaven, is not likely to get thither; as the only way to hit the mark, is to keep the eye fixed tip on it.-16. Bees never work "singly, but always in companies, that they may assist each other. An useful hint to scholar's and Christians. Card Playing. Gail Hamiltoirreiminniends card playing as a wholesome amusement for young men. A. Washington correspondent of the'Spring field Republican, who writes like a man knowing whereof he affirms, makes a viger- OUEI iand earnest reply to Gail Hamilton, from which we clip the following extracts: "It' keeps them from dissipation." It may be; but ir also narrows +limn their capacity to due round of thought, and di verts themJearfully.from elevating reflec- tions and. tendencies. I put no stress upon the inducement to gambling, from indul gence in this game. ,ome i s crying evil is its greedy eating up of the precions hours which were given for worthier usage. My observation, large taught; tells me that .it is a deadly foe, amongst young men, to all ,spiritual tendencies. It is singularly absorbing in its' nature;, and there is no lor&of - ainiaditinni tb *Mei' they'hfiatniie sii. , .e - ilitttriti =firefly '114260i. TO. almost' every recreatio' nature has set:reitionable limits ~through weariness of;the flesh. Not so With card-playing. ,Its devotees_never" seem to growfired, never cry hold—enough. I see piing men here whose brows are broad enough.to work out for themselves a noble destiny, playing' whist every ,niglat with unwearied assiduity; -and when the. Sab h ath comes, I see them lounging about the hall' and piazza, yawning and listless •as a child without'its' playthirigs, I 'do not see that 'their 'observation;'.' or their "memory," or, their '.' reason," is strength ened by the process. On , the contrary; I see in their vapid, conversation, in their utter lack 0 reading, their indifference 'to passing events, their thorough ignoring of responsibility to. God, the dissipating and belittling effect of their constant and urt varied pastime. .- , I have all my days had a card playing community open to my observation, and • I ate yet to be' made to believe that a game which is the universal resort of the starved in soul • and intellect, which has never in any way linked with itself tender, elevat ing or beautiful associations, the terviducy of which' is undoubtedly to absorb the at tention frtim mere weighty matters, can, iecommend itself Ito the favor of Christ's disciples. The use of culture and genius may embellish, bUt can never dignify it. I have this moment ringing 'in my ears. the dying injunction of my father'ii early friend': " Keep - your , sons - from earls; over them I've rrourdered time and lost heaven."-- Watchman and Reflector. Prayer. Praye.r is the weary heart's desire, inre relief of care: , It is to plead with God 'his Word, And find deliverance there: It is to whisper every wish To him who'can fulfill : A beggar coming to a King, To ask whate er he with The weakest saint may thus o'ercome . - He prays-41s God a wall of fire Around the suppliant throws: Re .prays-and all his enemies Away - , like emoke are driven.: He .praye, and to the 'tainting one JEHOVAH:B strength is given. Is sin:the burden that lie feels, While struggling .to be free? Helpless he prays, and grace divine Gives "him the victory. IS holiness the prize he seeks? He can obtain it.there: For nothing is impossible To wrestling faith and prayer. The'Spirit teaches him to plead -The merits of the , Lamb : And feeblest prayer acceptance gains, When . perfumed with his name." Prayer, ushered by that precious. One, Eaters the court above, Whence shining heats the answers bear, Oa rapid wings of. love. Believers Should Not Fear to -Die.. Death, being : the punishment of sin, and, considered in its& if, a great calamity, is naturally an object of terror to mankind, and there are not a few who are all their lives in bondage to this feeling. But be lievets in ClariA, being justified through his blood, and, sanctified to God by the power of the Holy Ghost, should rise•above this fear, and meekly resign themselvas to a sentence which no oneis able to escape. On this, subject Robert , Bolton, a good practical writer of a former age, justly ob served 1. That there is scarcely aurinam who ha 3 not, at one time or another in the, curse of his life, suffered more pain. than 14 ordinarily felt by people when they :die, The pang of death, says the- excellent Mr. Ward is often less than that of the tooth oho. • 2. The covenant of God is of force With , his people when they lie in the dust of the earth. Ages after the fathers of the .He-. 1 brew tribes were dead, the Almighty said,.l " 1 am the God of Abraham, and the God'; of Isaac, and the God .of Jacob."—Matt.,. sail : 31, 32. • 3. in death' their union with Christ is continued; just as the personal union with the Divine and the human naturesremained in hird when his body lay in the grave. When dead, they are ‘‘ the dead in Christ," (1. Thess. •iv : 16:) and still "live together with him." (1. Thess. v : 10.) • 4. To them death is but a " sleep ;" a temporary state, and a state of rest. Ste. phen " fell asleep," (Acts vi: 60,) and all who like him, die in faith and love, "sleep in Yens." (1. Thesis. iv 14.) 5.' Christ has taken away the •sting of death, and thus deprived it, of its terror to all believers. He assumed the human nature, "that through death he might 4 destroy him that had the power of death, that is,• the devil;* and deliver them 'who. through fear of death were all their life time subject , to , bondage." (Heb. 14, 15.) 6 Death is hut, a sturdy porter, open ing the door of eternity and letting us into heaven •,• a soinewhe,t , rough passage to eter nal pleasures. 7. It is hut a departing out of this world, unto the Father in heaven. (Jelin xvi: 28 ) • • • 8. In the Old Te6tatnent it is called - a gathering of the people to their fathers. 9. Jacob made . little of it. co And Is rael said unto Joseph, Behold. I die!' " And when Jacob had made an end of commanding`his sons, he gathered' up his feet unto the bekatid yielded up the ghoit, and was gathered unto his people." (Gen. xlviii : 21., xlix : 33.) Let believers in Christ, then, as the:time of their disselution draws near, put ou ,a cheerful courage, end 'Meekly yield their immortal spirits into the hands of their Almighty and compassionate Saviour, -to whom they may confidently say: Me for,thine own thou lov'st to take In time and in eternity ; Thou never; never wilt forsake A helpless worm that trusts in thee THE PRESBYTERIAN BANNER. Publication Office SINGERLY'S BUILDINGS, 74 Timid) 9T.. Pirnuceari. PA 8311TH, BNGLIB,II 4 00, 23 Nowea-dra Sr., Emu., PA. ADVERTISEMENTS : r A rms.ar IN ADPANC.r. TBANSIENT ADVBET.LSZSIENT3, ll) Omni A laNclfor esohinaertion. A liberal reduction to those who adver Use largely. SPECIAL, NOTIOSIS, 13 Crams Ltsa. EDITOREA.I. NOTICES, or C113D3, on second page. 23 Clara A LINZ. OBITUARY- NOTICES; 15 , Own a Lia,. • Peculiar Ministers. " We want a,peouliar man at our place." Yes, and in the next town the people want a peculiar man, also. dThere is a growing demand everywhere for peculiar ministers. Even the older churches, that have h'ad the reputation of being staid, and not car ried about by every wind, have caught the idea. They haye found out that they must have a peculiar man for their young reo ple. And the tastes of the people have be come so various that it does require'a sin gular man to meet them all. But what is to be done with ministers who are not peculiar • men of common sense, sound judgment and sound learning; sober, prudent, pious men ; men who are able to teach others, and are suited to he wise counsellors; whose character and in fluence are unequivocal? We are aware that an eccentric man, who is given to say ing odd and strange things, is more amus ing and attractive to the young; and that common sense - and refined taste are not commodities that, secure great eclat in the world. But ought it not to be considered whether the influence of the former is equally salutary, and as_well suited to se cure the salvation of souls ? Doubtless :God ,1 has dltlled ninety-nine sober-minded men to preach the Gospel where he has called-:one peculiar man. If so, it is by their instrumentality in the main that the cause of Christ is to be carried on, and sin ners saved, peculiar ministers being the ex ception, and not the rule. Did not good sense and eminent faeces in ,things characterize our Saviour and the religion he taught, rather than oddity and eccentricity? Would not the churches of Christ have more dignity, and exert a more salutary and saving influence, by educating the young to pay _greater deference to tte ordinary and divinely appointed means ( f graec, than by attempting to gratify their desire for novelty and entertainment ? a des re which the more it is fed, the less is it satisfied. Though the young might be less highly pleased, would they not be more contented ? Though few were attracted by human means, would not more be drawn by the Spirit's power? We 'do not object to peculiar ministers in their places, but do protest against a growing depreciation of, and disconteiat with the ordinary ministry of the WOrd as God has appointed it; a depreciation and discontent which have been' greatly fostered by the novel reading and popular lecturing of- the day, and which ,are stully 'affecting the stability and spiritual usefulness of the churches.— Watchman and Reflector. Christian Humility. If the Lord saw fit to place you in a po sition most obscure, or to assign to you a service the most menial, not calculated to catch ' the eye or win the applause, but rather the oversight and the slight of your fellows, it would be one of the sweetest tests of the reality of your love to Him. When illortison—the Chinese missionary —the man of God who first gave the Bible tuChina in its verna.cular—offered himself. to the direotors of the London Missionary Society as a missionary to the heathen, his appearance was so Uncultivated and un promising, that, hesitating to accept him as a candidate, they int uireW_e_were w • • •i 4 - outwit in one of the missionary Schools " Gentlemen," was ..young Alorrison's noble reply, " while ,the temple of Christ is building, I. am wil ling to be a hewer of wood or a drawer of water. In a moment they decided that a man who so loved his Saviour, who was willing , to undertake any service for Christ, was the, fittest for the higher (Zee of a missionary to the heathen. They accepted *him as such, and the result proved that they were not mistaken in their judgment. If you love Christ, you will be willing to undertake wiy service your Lord and Mas ter may appoint you. Love will make drudgery for Jesus pleasant and welcome -Dr. 0. Winslow. Dr Backus's Conversion. In the life of Dr. Backus, of Somers, Conn., the following account of his couver. thou is given by himself. Having been for some time under serious impressioni, he says As .I was mowing alone in the field, Aug. 24, 1741, all my past life was opened plain ly before me, and I sa* clearly that it had , been 'filled up with sin. I went and sat down in the shade of a tree, where my prayers and tears, my longing and striving for a better heart, with all my doings, were set before me in such a light that I per ceived I could never make myself better, should- " I -live ever so long. Divine jusece appeared clear as condemnation, and I saw that God had ,a right to do with me as he would. My soul yielded all to his hands, fell at his feet, and was silent and calm be fore -him. And while I sat there I was elabled by Divine' light to see, the perfect righteousness of Christ, and the freeness and rietness of his grace, with such clear noes th t my soul Ras drawn firth to trust •in him for talvation, and I wondered that others did not also come. to Him who lad enough for all. The Word of God and the promis.:s of his grace appeared firmer than a rock, and .I was amtonished at my pre vious Unbelief. My heavy burden was gene, tormenting fears were fled, and my joy was unspeakable. Yet this change was so different from my former ideas of conversion, that for above two days I had no thought of hav ing expericrteed it. Then I beard a ser mon• read which gave the characters of the children of God, and I had an inward wit ness that those characters were wrought in me; such as a spirit of prayer, a hatred of sin, an overcoming of the world, love to the brethren, and love to enemies; and I conc'uded that. I then had the sealings of the-Spirit of God, that I wasa child of his. New ideate and dispositions were given me ; the'wersbiiand service of God and obedi ence to his will were the delight of my sant.' I found such happiness therein as I never had inall the vanities of the world. Special Preycr The Cumberland Presbyterian remarks that some ministers fall into the singular error that prayer on special occasions should be long ; longer than usual, at leee,, whilst in most instances the reverse is true, the circumstances calling for prayer fora specific object. The following illustration is from .a well-known work on " Prayer," by. Dr. Samuel killer.: ""I once knew a inember of one of our Presbyteries who, when called upon to make the ordaining prayer at the solemni ty of setting apart a minister to the sacred office, went back to the beginnint of time, traced the progress of civil and ecclesiasti ear society, alluded to the various plans of electing and ordaining the officers of the Church:all along down through the patri archal and ceremonial dispensations,.and at last, after tiring out every worshipper with the tediousness of his deduction, he came to the New Testament dispensation, and made about, one-quarter of his inordinately long prayer really adapted to the occasion on which he was called to officiate."