Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, May 06, 1863, Image 1

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Editor and Proprietor.
DT MAIL • $1.50
par r pro Douses, we will send by mall seventy numbers,
nd fL,r ONE DOLLAR, thlrty-throcuumbers.
Pastors sending us TWENTY subscribers and upwards, will
thereby entitled to a paper without charge.
Renewalsahouldbe prompt, a little before the year expires
fiend payments by safe hands, or by mail.
Direct all Idlers to
Pittsburgh, Pa.
[Se e ed ]
" Rejoicing in Tribulation."
When Bummer suns their radiance fling
O'er every bright and beauteous thing ;
When, strong, in faith, the evil day
Of pain and grief seems far away ;
When sorrow, soon as felt is gone,
And smooth the stream of life glides on;
When duty, cheerful, ohoeen free,
Brings her own prompt reward to thee;
'T is easy, den, my soul, to raise
The grateful song, of heavenly PRAISE.
But worn and languid, day and night,
To see' the same unchanging sight,
To feel the rising morn can bring
Nor health nor ease upon its wing,
Nor form of beauty can create,
The languid sense to renovate ;
To look within, and feel the mind
Full charged with bleSsings 'for mankind;
Then, gazing round this little room,
To whiSper, "This must balky &low ;,
Here mutt thou struggle ; here alone, .
Repress tired nature's rising moan;"
0 then, my soul, how hard to raise,
In such an hour, the song of PRAISHI.
To look on all this scene of tears,
Of doubts, of wishes, hopes and fears,
As some preluding strain that'tries
Our disoorde and our harmonies;
To think how'many It jarring string
The Masttir-hand in tune may bring ;
How, "finely touched," the soul of pride
Msy sink subdued and rectified;
How. taught its inmost self to know,
May bless the hand that - gave the blow,
Each root of bitternasi removed,
Each plant - of hattiettly grace improved;
Instructed thus, who would not raise .
To heaven his song of eheefful PRAM ?
To feel, declining day by `day,
Each harsher murmur die away, •
And secret springs of joy arise,
To lighten up the weary eyes
A hand invisible to feel, .
'Wounding, with kind design to heal,
In every bitter draught to think
Of Him who learned that cup to drink ;
Again and oft again to look
In rapture on that blessed Book,
Whose soothing words proclaim to thee
That 4$ as thy day thy strength shall be ;"
Then, with changed heart and steadfast mind,
High heaven before and earth behind,
Thy path of , pain again to tread .
Till eartlx•receives thy wearied head
-0 blessed,lot 1, who would not raise,
In life or death, the song of PRAM ?
The Revised Book of Discipline.
MESSus. Minolta :-1t was shown, if I
mistake not, in my former article, that the
terths " iall baptized persons," cannot be so
tortured as to include baptized adults, for
two very plain reasons: 1. Because the words
are'ininiediately explained to refer to those
who have not "come to years of discre
tion," And 2, because it is too plain to
admit of question, that all baptized adults
cannot be truly said to be " members of the
Church," i. e., they cannot (substituting
the language of our Larger Catechism,) be
said to be persons "professing faith in
Christ'and obedience to him." This phra
seolegy, it should also be observed, is not
mere descriptive periphrasis, but the very
definition which the Larger Catechism in
terchanges and substitutes for the phrase;
"members of the visible Church," in the
Shorter Catechism—they are found in the
same connexion; and refer to the same sub
ject, and in the same' precise aspect of, that
subject. it is true, the act of the Session
is comibonly required in order to admit
such'tirofeesing persons 'to 'a particular Con
gregation of the visible 'Church; but this
is simply the inauguration, or formal recog
nition of a character and fitness previously
existing.. The Order of the Church rightly
demands' that such inctitguratiois should
commonly precede the baptism of the
in in
fants blk& t Professors'engh even this
order-is not invariably Observed.
For the reasons just stated, therefore,
the "all baptized persons . " of the Revised
Discipline cannot, without the . greatest
inconsistency and'incoherency, be interpre
ted to include baptized adults. Let us
next inqiiire if the clause, "all baptized
persons,are members of • the Church,' will
admit the' sup Position that only infante, or
children , who• have not '" arrived at years
of distretion,"' are meant. This seems
really to be .the Meaning of "the Commit
tee of Revision," so far as the section ex
pounds itself,' but 'it does not remove, the
confusion Which reigns thieughout
1. Irthe Committee' meant only bap
tized infants, why not distinctly 'say so 7 .
Why use the terms "'baptized persons,"
which obviously include adilti? -Such
language,.to say the least, is certainly very
ill-adiipted to convey clear ideas on the
subjent, and ought to be revised wit of the
2. In what proper sense are baptizedin
fants "subject -to the discipline of the
Church," as the section immediately affirms?
" An offence, the proper object of discipline,
is anything . in the principles or practice of
a Alvah member which is contrary to the
Word of God." So says the " Revised
Discipline," Chap. 1, sec. 2. But what is
there in " the principles or practice" of
an infant, which can be seriously called an
" offence;" as thus defined. The question
answers itself. Of course it follows that
baptized infants are not " proper objects of
discipline .":—/‘ are not subject to the dis
cipline of the Church"-in direct contra
diction of section 4, under consideration.
"The ends of discipline," say the 'Commit
tee, " are the rebuke of offencesOhe 're;
moval Of scandal, the vindication of ' the,
honor , 2 of Christ, the promotion of the
purity and general edification of the'
Church, and . the spiritual good of 'the'
offenders' thenuieves."—Reoiseci Discipline;
chap. 1, sec'. 1: Which of these ends can
be attained by the discline of baptized'
infants? They_ commit offences,'
create no " Scandal" nor can their "
itiial cod. as offenders" be the object in
view! .
fi `Nor' does it relieve the atibjeet of
these ntrange incoherencies, to interpret
" all baptized
,persons " to mean, all adults
who' 'finis been baptized in infancy. For
here 'Meets us the difficulty before sug
gested hOWCan such example,
" baptized II iscin " of three score and ten
---the intelligibly described, in the same
sentence, as follows "and when they"
i. e., baptized adults of seventy—" have
arrived at years of dtibletiosi, they are
housia f p erform all did dity'fif 'Church
theinfitiri We — This heilitifigsiNantfocte
For the kreebiterian Bawler.
...11 . /ti..l)/ttr,iait'...
VOL. XI., NO. 34
interpreted of adults, neither can the sec
tion be understood of infante, for the rea
sons already stated.
Amid so much confusion of thought and
language, it may berhaps be presumptuous
to attempt to give body.and • form to the
views which the Committee did actually
intend to convey. We will offer our . icon
jecture, as follows :
" All baptized adults are meMbeabf the
Church, are under its care, and subject to
its government- and discipline. And such
persons as receive baptism in infancy, as
they are the offspring of those who pro
fess faith. in Christ , and..obedience to him,'
and so 4 born within the pale of . the visi,
I.ole ,Church, ',: are in. the- initiating • ordi
nanee recognized. as its members. And
when these have arrived at the years of
discretion, tiley are bound le . -perform. all
the duties," &c.
If this. expression: ••of: the intentions of
the Committee, should. Meet their eye,-I am
by 'no • means' sanguine that it
adopted as their: own:: Of one: thing, how
ever, - I am confident : 'there .would . be. Jess!
confusion of ideas to be detected in this•
guess-work of mine,. than • is plainly- dia
coverable in the original. It is presented,
not strictly as a matter of personal. prefer
ence, , but as, a clear expose of . What . the
'Committee "probably 'proposed to say: If
-have' at '• all approached . digit. - teat senti
,-menteiAt is . obvious-that both: `the - I
and the verbiage of their_ 4evision . grestly
I needs a new revisal.
It was my expectation, Messrs.' Editors,
to have finished my remarks in this paper,
but I fithithere are still one - or We impor
tant points in the article 'of 'the Revised
Discipline to which attention hei been
turned, which have not been noticed.' I
propose briefly to examine them in my
AClosing communication.
Editiburgh Revieited—lte Ever Fresh Attractions
Ile Peculiar Characteriiiica—Slate of Religion
Semi-Skepticiam--7Eatahliahed Church—. Visit to
a Mother s. Meeting—lntemperance and Reform—
City Missions—;Churches in Degraded Localities
—Their Influence—Old Indiana—Their Piety and
Activity—Elder-a' Districts—Oversight of Mem
bcra—Evageliatiq Agency for Scotland—Scene
at Free Assembly Hall—The FashiOnable Welly;
ion--Psdeford and Dr. B. Lee—Lee, - a Read
Prayer;:the Students, - and "Jenny Geddes"--
Palmerston Laughs at Lee—" Good Words and
Perils Ahead—Episcopacy . and Popery in Scot
lauct—PrOtestant Institute-Union Among Prea
' April 8,1868.
ONCE MORE I find myself in Edinburgh
—that rare union of the reminiscences of
hoar antiquity had of the art, architecture,
literature, and religious and political life,.
of the nineteenth Century. Nowhere----not
in London itself—were the illuminations
so striking and resplendent. The Castle,
and the rocks on which it sits enthroned,;,
Si. George's church, and its' doure girded
and gemmed with lights; Queen Street,
with its gardens; Calton Hill and Arthur i s.
Seat. And as one "leiter tiins`e4hde
sublime or beautiful, no matter 'how often
you visit Edinburgh—it'is aliays delight:
ful withits glorious prospect of the Frith
of Firth, the Barr Rock, the shores of Fife,
the Pentland Hills, and that, unchanged
old High street, so 'famous for ' its historic,
martyrdomsprocessions, ' martyrdos and tumults, its.
lofty houses,— its -ISaturday-- night crowds
,gathered out of the Wynds, and•-from the
Congate, with ever., .and anon—as r teazel
saw yesterday—a military show, in that fa-.
vorite national, and splendid cavalry
ment, known as the Scotch Greys, sweep-.
fug by in long and imposing defile. Therel
is not here the rush Of the Multitudinous,.
many-tongued throng of London, which in
itself is most impressive,: as one mingles
with or watches it as it.oweeris across Lon
don Bridge, surges ileng'„Cheapside, doin
Ludgate Hill, and flows -onward' to Temple
Bar and the Strand: Neither is there the
bustle of ,Glssgow, with its, four hundred
thousand 'inhabitants, its , thronged ex
change, it's endless warehouses, and entre
pots of native prodnetion—ss contrasted
with the one. hundred and -Sixty thousand
of Edinburgh, with its steadiness and re
pose, itsliterary and legal notabilities, its
Suprenre Courts of 'law, and its lewyers
and Lords of session, together with artists
of high repute and squarei of terraces and
suburban villas occupied mainly by per-'
sons not necessarily wealthy, but free from
badness cares, and of independent fortune.
From India comes back the soldier and the
civilian to enjoy his. pension, to educate
his family to live amid the " caller air,"
from Pentland snow-clad heights, bracing
him and his into lusty health, after the
weary monotony and relaxing, enervating
influence •of the lands of the East and the
(Althea of the sun. Here, too, settle wid
ows with small incomes, while their sons
go first to the school and then to the Uni
versity.. Here are a large class of purvey
ors of things edible and - things ornamental.
Here, along Princess street and on the
North Bridge, are seen' the beautiful Tar
tan fabrics,. the Highland dagger with its
belt resplendent With the Scottish Calgoun
diamond, as also at times one sees not only
fine, hardy, Highland boys in .kelts, but
sometimes a young geatleman in the full
Highland costume, bringing back the days
of Rob Roy MacGregor and the glories, of
the Gal
To trace old scenes rich in suggestive
ness, is th e business of a 'first-nik second
visit to. Edinburgh. To myself; Most of
these are now familiar. "And yet theybave
notiost their charms. Last year ;I entered
and described the contents and chambers of
John KIM'S house in the Canongate
terday I but looked up , and passed on ; and
yet the image of
_Knox was before' me as
'fresh as ever, coupled with the indelible
imprees on the national characfer, and 'on
the'past and present prominence of *Scot
land among the nations of the world- I —a
Reformation heremrought out; not by the
nobles - as in England, but moulded and
springing from the.people.,themselves, and
therefore thorough and decided.
The State of Religion in Edinburgh at
this' time,, is Worthy of notice, and'presents
both peculiar - features and marked tokens
of life :and - reality. There is still 'a very
considerable' remnant . ' of'Dfoderatism 'in
Edinburgh, approaching the border land of
skepticism." The Edinburgh Magi has
ceased to scoff - as - in the days its ;early
vigor; but :the 'sneering spirit ' thai
it then; has its 'exponents in living men
among lawyers and public writers.
In the Etitablished Church there'll life,
but it seems to tell - little on the masses of
the population. ' 'These are'. mainly influ
enced by the Free ant Unted Preebyte
rien ministers, .host id Whose, orgrega
--• 4 • aufiaentials
very many of whose members, both men
and women, are active in works of faith and
labors of love in their respective localities
and spheres. I have been conducted this
week by a Christian lady, to visit and ad
dress a " Mother's Meeting," which has
been founded by herself and one other la
dY, the widow of a minister, from out of
the mothers of one of the most poverty
stricken districts of old Edinburgh. When
I climbed a stone stair and had passed
along a dark passage, I, found a door open,
and a low-ceiled room crowded with
mothers. Some of them had their young
children with them. The City, Missionary
of the, district had helped to.oonveue them
for this qceasion—as it was an extra meet
ing—and some, of them bore tokefis and
traces of
,that hane of tinny an Edinburgh
'laborer's home—strong drink. Not . that
any "of them had been recently drinking,
but that:.'some of them had the iiittittcd,
dissipated, peculiar look of these, to Whom
w A iskey was Sad was the scene,
a few days before, when my hostess And
:Another lady entered the house Where, lay
a dead body, while , the survivors were,in a
state of intoxication. 'This Vice is being
-abated all over Scotland; as revenue titatia
tics show, the consumption of ardent spirits
tis very considerably less every, successive
,year, and habits • of providence and tem
perance are more. And: more developed.
There: are many total abstainers,
, : afi4' the
kcausedf-Temperance has among its leaders
very eminent persons, such, for example,
as Profhssor Mellar. At ! Abe M,others'
meetings, materials for • clothing having
been parchaied at low prices, are bought
- by 'the women and made' up—with 80131 1 e
-help from- the ladies—lfor themselves and
-their children. The -money thus spent is
part of the husband's, wages;_ and as in
London, so in Edinburgh, thrift, cleanli
mess and godliness are, in measure at least,
found together. The loving attentions; of
Christian - ladiesonelta and subdues the
hardened and the wayward, gives encour
agement to the weak,' consolation to the
Christian woman, here end - there discov
ered, and surrounded by inttltiplied trials
and `temptations.
As to Ragged Schools, Dr Guthrie has
still his . favoritenystem in full operation 'in
his "Original Ragged School, with 'its
calved, open Bible' over the door, and the
motto, " Search 'the Serip . ttires!
Missionary operations in Edinburgh are
still carried on, by the planting' of Chris
lime churches in' the Wane', the Congete,
at Fountain Bridge, and other localities
where there is a teeming and degraded
population. Many of these are resined,
raised up socially, and born again by,the
Holy Ghost, and are"lifted up into fellow
ship with God and his angels. And what
noble assistants Christian ministera find, in
Sabbath School teachers, in district visi
tors, and in' bands of godly,`earnest, active
elders, who each has his -district and visits
(g43es to see-and converse) every family and
every communicant, including the domes
tie'servants, within his allotted territory.
'Many of these elders are ".Old Indians,"
that is to say, officers of the civil and Mil
itary service in , . India, mostly Scottish
bornrwho have returned home after years
of service, and who having been :canna of
God in the East, revisit, their canntry, not
to spend the remainder of their lives in
luxury and iclf-indulgence; but in glorify
ing =God by the incessant distribution to
his cause, of a .stated., proportion ,or, their
income, and else, by active personal, evan
gelistic service.
A few:days ago I found assembled in "a
room in Edinburgh, a number of these re-
VFned,,,lndian .officers civil,
naval, medical—all men of God,
,and_ all
acting members of the Comniittne of a
newly-formed Association, whose objectia
to send forth-proved and emend lay-evan
gelists over thelengthiand,breadth,pf the
land. There ~is something peeuliarly
healthy, hearty, informal, nu-traditional,
vigorous, and:Manly, in 'the , piety of such
nien as these: Some of them have faced
the cannon's mouth and the serried hosts
of the foe; but they have stood also the
brunt of scoff and scowl and ridicule, and
they are fearless veterans pow, and ready
and equipped to do and dare for 'their Cap
tain - and Lord. Hence it is that they go
out of Edinburgh on evangelistic and re
vivaLvisits to various.towns land districts,
and after their ,addresses, kneel down at
the side of the anxious who remain behind
and travail birth till! Christ -be formed
in them. General A—, late-of the Royal
Artillery, and Oaptain o—, of the Royal
Navy, are thus also ever active and diligent
in - saving the seed of the kingdom.
Special Evangelical Agencies are also in
full operation in 'Edinburgh for at least
three-fourths of the year, but"mainly in the
Winter and Spring -mouths- This year
new efforts are being: made to do good- to
the masses, by churches being opened
on week-nights, and by devoted and s earnest
ministers night after night giving ad
drepees„ Thus, last week, Free St. George's
church was open, Dr. CandliSh himself
presiding and speaking at one of the meet
ings, and this week, at Fountain Bridge
church, similar services were -nightly held.
The. Free Church. Assembly, Hall is a
vast and, admirably commodious huilding.
It forms part of the noble block of build
ings property of the Free Church of Scot
land, standing in the 'Mound, and looking
on • the gardens beneath, aprlteward Prince's
street, Thither I. ; wended my way on-the
evening, of last Lord's 'day. I saw peeple
passing through a wide gateway,, crossing a
quadraeg . le, and then ascending, a broad
stone -staircase. Thee° were "all 'repairing
to the stated Sabbath evening gathering in
the 1341. The animating spirit of these
meetings is a man who is an assistant in a
china warehouse, at the -corner, of St.
David's street. He, is one of the . many
whom God has,raised,up, as leaders, : n con
nexion with the Religious Awakenings of
the last three years. He is : all gentleness,
modesty, and goodness ; ; and yet.with,these
are united burning Joie and unquenchable
thirst for souls,. an ardent zeal,.great ability
as. to business arrangements, vronderful
power, in ,prayer and the, eloquence. of lips
touched with ; holy-fire Irom-eff the altar.
L come, to-night, to see and share in the
scenes,; and eervices,,of the. season. The
venerahin,Captain of the,,Royal Navy ors
cupies a chair, frpnt. of a broadtable;
on either side and ; behindoit
,others like-
Minded, in - eluding two ministers ; while in
the area in front and the galleries around,
thereis a large congregation. . 4, psalm is
aung,.and a prayer—from a retired'mediell
officer of the India service is,offered'
Then 'come two addreasee: the Ant on the
worda; '‘iThen shalt sail his name Jesus,"
& 4 ; ,, the,other on th p ,sppitual lesgens of
i cetol2-
,1 • :=
don Awakenings, illustrative of the faith
fulness of God to his promise, that " they
who SOW in tears shall reap in joy." After
this, prayer aseends.afresh, and while the
greater part of the people depart, others
remain, either to be conversed with, or
themselves to seek the present salvation, of
the unconverted. Thus the capital of
Scotland has its salt, its leaven ? ever spread-
ing around a purifying, conservative in
fluence. God the Spirit is honored, and
he gives testimony to the hearts and con
sciences of many that Jesus is the Christ,
and,both mighty and willing to save.
Mr. - Brownlow North, Who, from failure
of health, was for some time silent, has re=
Burned his activities. I haye, traced his
footsteps at Glasgow 2 where =poi: good was.
lately achieved ;, and now •on each Thurs
day evening he is addreesieg,andienees in
Edinburgh. In private he often reverts to
his : former, godless life, and, to the Sover
eignty of the grace which He
aims at the conversion of Aouls, alWays and
evprewhere; and as a greatAi fr n j ketsaya,4)4q,
believee„and therefore +kaki', ,
A fatahionable ferin'of religion is begin
ning to show itself in ;00tland,
as a- matter Of course, Nylt,",h, a secret And
also a partially reyealed, renenciationef 'thet
old-fashioned Gospel. There,ishere 14Con
, greiationalist minister What. John Gwen
and .the Puritan of the manatee* century
Would have great difficulty, , ,supPosinithey
rose from the - dead,.owning.
• as - their
"bairn" and representative.
~.We have
also here, Dr. Robert Leti, j - of the, Estab
lished High - Cher and. a Prefessor of
Theology, who'
o is , considered by the-,Unita
rians as sufficiently " advenc.ed
for them to
~attend his ministry. - , He ; uses
Something like a modified' liturgy, in a
Family Prayer Book (by him) which, I
have`latelY - seen. I could see no inioca
tionwhatever to the Son and Holy.(;hoet.
This4entleinan. glories in bis'.freedeni : ---,
even - after Signing the ConfeaSiOn of Faith
= and his,. name was lately affixed 'to a
Meniorial, which (mainly; and eagerly got
up by, people who, hate the , old Scottish
Sabbath,) asked the Government to open
the, Edinburgh Rotinie IGardens on, the
Lord'A day. De. Lee despises, in the - spirit
of a High Churchmen, all "Dissenters,"
anddeniei their rightto call their pastors,
G/6'ryysilp,.,er -their houses, manses. tie
Ulainks'for himself and brethren of the Es,
tabiiihment, something like an apestOlie
and exclusive succession, and at the same
time is not Puseyistie soAritich, as'lsititifili
narian and. Moderate. . What 'a stininge
hybrid ! And what a scene witnessed;
last week, when Dr. Lee being called upon
to open with prayer a meeting of
- the Pro
fessors and students, at which - the - degree
of Dootor of Laws was conferred on 'Lord ,
Palmerston,. took out a book, and fronv nb
beganto,read out a ; written prayer I. The ;
spirit ; of " auld Scotland", could not e breek,
this t ; and Se there was a real. tumult,althongh not se riotous an issue'as' When
Jenny Geddes, when Archbishop taiid'S'
Dean began to . read ,the o Li.turgy .in
„, , St.
Giles' church, flow her stool at his head,.
exclainiieg, • " 'Wad ye say mass at - tni lug
Flu point of fact many students raised, the:
:cry , of "Jenny Geddes," when , Df. 'Leo'
began ‘to Jived his bit prayer "- from :the
- 1* was not yery seemly, but it was,
! very natural,under the circumstances. The,
:Ratablislim'ent is less and less the °Wadi
'!of' the - 'people and therefere; When' - mew
begin to take airs on themselves, and above.
all, to shew tendencies:which lead- thedaeo
pie ~tosuspeut that if Episcopacy,were, to
be -reestablished- in Scotland, they : would
mine in. for the loffielt , seats, it Wonder
that they are made to-know that the people
cannot vit• up. withlsnoh things. . 11l Dr._
'Lee was trying. to please Lord Palmerston
by ,hie liturgic performances, he made a,,
grand - mistake. , The sigueions - old . states
man knows too well' what Secitlandis, and
I am assured that,-instead oftbeiug sheekeda
.or ~ annoyedr b y.the .studente , ontbrealc,lte.,
. infinttely amused at it.
SOme people begin to fear that Cooil
IYorils, a ' periodical of vast'eireulation, has
a tendeney . tolard Negativism, and has' an
influence ' m shutting 'Out: front Christian
families the,. Christian Treasury,. the Pam-
Treasury,. and similar more spiritual
publications which were peculiarly adapted
for Sabbath reading. I fear that the ten
ilency thistway ;at the same time, I :be
lieve that the ,secular and the spiritual:file
moos are not incompatible, and that, this
periodical comes nearer than any ether to,
the i n te rweav i ng iff'theont with the . Other.
It is also to be remembered that Dr:-Guth
,rie, William Arnottp and Dr.: ijametr
with the editor -hiniselt, •Dr. N. Me
,Leod, all give excellent and orthodox Oneh
ing from time to time. But it seems
rather ' , perilous to -familiarize' our young
people' with the names- and. this
periodical, of men like ; Kingsley and, Stan
ley, of the " Broad" and "Negative".
Schiml of Theology, who, if erosely ques
tioned, would not own and acknowledge'
their tell reception of , the doctrine of a
real Substitution , be , the Cross ' or of: the
endless- punishment.,of, the . wicked.. The
Record is sounding the -
.trumpet of,
on these. perils. It ,does its ;work, too.
often, with an extreme of bitterness which
mars its effect. But Christiant 'need to be ,
put, on their gnard, and-editors too., For
"Facilis damsons Averni t.
Sad revocare giudam, hie labor, hoc opesAst."
Ameng the Chaplains of the Prince of
Wales, are Kingsley and Stanley. Prince
Albert, while firm. on the Rock, Christ,
and while, in his dying beat, 'he repeated
the hymn, " Rock: of ages cleft for me," is ,
to mental tenden'c'y; leaned to the anti-dog
matie and Arnolduehool.
weak, n4fe . obje;
.Tothe. disgrace of Arie
tocracy, its clergy nre . almost , ; allowed to
starve. Some of ifs ministers are Evangel
and their influence has so far,tri ,-,
umphed that the Liturgy of the Church ef'
England henceforth is to, be mad As the
rule: ,the Scottish CAW-mullion and semi-,
Papal office : as exception, and that only,
when the majority, of a, congregation (not
liltely everAOaccur) shall ask for ittii;retdn
tio r,,
At Aberdeen '1 found Puseyisto., affeet
ing its airs and ceremonies, and auertain'
class—the descendants of Montrone and
other persecutors ofthe Sens of the Covenant
—loting to have it so: Popery, too, is-spend
ing - a great deal of money on ecolesinstical.
edifices, schools and nueneries, and has :hat
" Sisters of Charity „ ih all thelarge towns:
I-kin:49Am. to. a vgyi limited ; ; extent the
very poorest Scotch; ,but. as to itn.psiryer
sion of the', nation, x baye , n o .lAara what
ever. Here,,irk-_Edinhargh,,,,X,,ktee, fast
approacifing,complitien "Protestant In
atitute ';‘), Oa' -etoirtifn6dieue
which students are to be specially trained
on the Popish controversy, and ready to do
battle with the myrmedons of Papal Rome.
Dr. Begg has been the moving spirit of
this erection; and the Rev. Dr. Wylie, one
of its most able and active supporters '
well as, in all probability, the Principal of
the new Institute.
.Union between the Free and U. P.
Churches, is being agitated by a certain
number of office-bearers of both sections;
but the consummation lit not likelyspeedily
to take pldce. it, is more probable thilt
there may be, first, a Union among Presby
terians in England. It is pretty certain
that, all tlieWagliskspeaking congregations
of . what Isere called " Welsh Calvinistic
Methodists,". but who solo call themselves
Welsh ~Presbyterians, will very soon be in
corporate&withilte Presbyterian synod - of
TAcr- Reformed, TresbY4rians are no
,where a ,nimerous body in They
both the hrothers Byrn
ington ; They are 'threatened with ill' par
tialuseteessietcor disrhptiob, - front , the fact
;that theimakirity.of,thir Reformed Synod
ATRAYojAf46l6"ll9clnilml)Prs of the °IMO
exercising the efeetive frajtellise,, and ~tak,-
ing the
~oath of allegianeele i tho 'queen
*hen bedeinine A. Min
ister at l'aililep!and some othe'rs;).ceOtiaid6r
this -as = : :.a Aleinors ; baokslidihg , lffoninothe
,Covetianted Reformation and are; likely, to
retire with their followers. ,J. P.
Guthrie has acceptedVikor
ftoe of a Vice-Presi4ept of Vnion.,an ,4
ttitadeiiration Society, and` haeall•etilt`'e;-
pressed sympathy nth ?theNorlieiti
States. • t • ' - ri
Unfeigned satisfaction_has been caused by
the seizure, at r ,LiFerpool, of , sgspeeted
Confederate gunboat, almost,ready for sea.
- When' the'annohneeent'Of 'this was made
'at a tiro-Northeiln meeting'' at 'Mafichestir;
the audience'rose to 'their feet and -cheered
vehemently. ::.I trust theremay r be evidenee
sufficient „to wairank the iieizure
CusteM-House, officers, .of other boats ,and
ships which are said to be for "TheErci'pe;-
'itir otChina," building on the- dlyde, ih
the Xersey. The Duke , of - Argyle - has. 'de
fended- the • F,ederale right to, wage civil
war ,from Scotland's, .antecedient struggles
anii.did himself honor by,his tone toward
In 4
North the Palmerston banquet, Ed?
14; fl ' • ;, ,
The Poles' still toiintinuel the stiuggle,
, invoke, the aka ;30,000 vOlunteersi
with arms and, artillery from the free na ,
bons,of Europe. I,ord Russell has strong
ly pleadedwith RUssia; the cause of Poland,
and the restoration'`of 'her' Constitutional
The United Presbyterian Church of Soot=
land, has Pulafished a Stateruent of Accounts
for A.8'62, including items, of lingo:ale as
"'Synod's. 'Prencrat," " Heine Mission,"
"-Gespel;Ministry," Chirch Extension,"
ffforeign: Mission," " London. Extension,"
".Liquidation ; ; of Debt,": ,";Scholarship,'
" Ministers' Libraries, " (oa which, rnarkit,
by Presbyterksnlayfrfends, were expended
.E9oo` last year); and Sirno4
1101liel"-tiotal £3B-,865'.‘
During the - „ present year, .;537 Vessels
have been wreeked ,ou out: ()pa*.
Lord Macaulay's Library isleing sold in
London this week.
The 'King ' - or - Prussia has ineuried'ape- eleerdtion . :hy the apparent readiness , te
deliver Up- Polish: refugees au& fugitives, , to
Russia almost to :Pertain. death. The
grown Prinep, is invoked by . English
pross, to :avert and" retelat againise - thiS
atrocity as 'he values his good name and
standing . + 4 -"`
A:daughter of. Dr., Chalmers died four
days ago, of small-pos. She.had.been for
years an invalid. She was, buried yester
day beside "h'ei father and imther;_ir the
Grange 'Cemetery.'
t - , For,the Piesbytertan 13amitir
-Endowment of Princeton i College.
N*w , .yonx, April 25, 1863,
DEAR Sin,:—You will doubtless be sur.
prised to, learn that the venerable' Celloge
of Nevi-Jersey,''' at Princeton, has never
been endowed with permanent''filida for
the , support of its officers: • It has , heetCso
distinguished in the Church and the t nation,
and its long line of Presidents, and Profen
sop, has included, so many Men of, eminent
genius; scholarship, and usefulness, that it
is generally supposed to be among the heat'
endinied colleges of the , land. Yet, in silL
the yearsiof its history, runningback,More
than koentury,,through, the period of, the
American'Revdlntion and - the vicissitudes
of its subsequent career; -with such men-at
its bead as Dickinson,Burr Jonathan Ed
wards, Samuel Davies,::-Samuel Finley,
Witherspoon, Stanhope. ; .. Smith, ,Ashbel
Green, and Carnahan ;it has relied for its
main` support on the tuition fees of its'stu-,
dente, and the charities its friendS:
Partielittempes haie been made at'various
times to _secure an adequate endowment,
end a few years ago a special effort was an
dertaken) which resulted in - securing sAel
erShips and donations to a considerable
bit - far below- the sum necessary
to place the institution• on in independent
bares. _ln the -mean, time the support, of
the Theological Seminary, at Princeton has
so largely absorbed the sympathies and
COntributions of the &niches; that the 'O6l
- baOnot received the share of attention
and fostering care to . which it-certainly'
may: lap a list and generous claim.
No other literary institution hea l given
better men :hi the country and to the
Church than Princeton College.' Before
thelßCVottitionit gradnated such civilians
as Richard Steckten,,Behjamin Rush,
liam4 Paterson, Tapping Reeve,
Ellsworth, Luther
,Martin ) Morgan, • Lewis,
itreckbolst LiVingsion, and JAMES
It hits Since trained such men as
Edward 'Livingston, John M. 'Berrien,
Mahlon Dickerson, Dr...Hosack, John Ser
geant, John ForsythET,hpodoreFrelinghuy
sen,,Bainuet L. Southard, and a host of
great men still living, The distinguished
men' that Princeton' College has given to
the. Christian ministry are too many to be
_recited, butAhe names of McWhorter,,Ten
pent, Blair _the, younger Jonathan, ;Ed
wards, Finley, Stanhope Smith,, Spring;
Bishops Hobart,, Meade, mep.Vaine,- and
j'ohnsi 'John Breckenridge, Albert B.
Dod, Japes W. and Addison Alexander,
and hundreds 'of others; will be held in
lasting remembrance by the Church they,
served and, adorned.
Under so
teSiorsi• the '.College set its standard of
tibliolaishit) highland in : every department
of,,claseical; mathematical, mental k moral,
s. and natural science, it has maintained.nnd
eevated,that s4nr tho i tresenktime'
n a day en ns iam yis assailed
WHOLE NO. 554.
its ancient strongholds, and science, " false
ly so-called," is pressed into the service of
infidelity, it is a cause for thankfulness
that sound Christian learning is the dis
tinctive feature and leading purpose of this
institution. And it has pleased God to set
upon it the seal of his Spirit in repeated re
vivals of religion, through which successive
generations of young men have gone forth
to be the faithful, strong, well-furnished
defenders- of our holy religion.
But the fact is no less true than painful,
that..this Pollege is now suffering for the
want of means to sustain its able and learn-
ed corps of instructors. The convulsions
of the Country have cut off Many student's
and many friends whose , funds have hither
to been among its principal means' of:sup
port. .It is, absolutely essential ; to the con
tinuance and: efficiency or these teachers in
their, chairs of instruction, es"well as to the
future prosperity and power of the College,
that , it•should be .raised. above the necessity
of constant dependence on precarious chari
ties, and be able, also to open. its doors
widelyand freely to all who would obtain
Chifstian educiiiiinihether' they are'
_I; 1..; r ,
Impressed deeply by these facts, , the
„flip.* of the College,iesiding ; in: the city
of New-York and vicinity recently-. held a
in'eiting; at which` earnest' addresses were
'inafile'by'the'Re,V:- Drs. Siliring," Skinner;
Rice and others, anal the undersigned were
appointe&ascommitted to take the peoiesa
rylsteps to secure an immediate endowment
fond of ,-
work like,this, the greatness' of' iihiCh
is otilf-e4balled by its importance, 'can be
accomplished .hy the warm ? active and per
severing energies of the graduates and
friends of the institution throughout the
&apse to ask 'the gradnateslotthind
an '" 7 :ALumnr PaevassoxstriP " bY thaeonl
tributiOn :$30,000. We make this - 41
peal : directly to them, in the;faith that love
and veneration for their Alma Mater : will
proMpt.`a ready,and liberal response.
Furthermore, we send the appeal feeler
gymen other friends. of' sound Chris=
tian,learning, asking them to present the
object -to; the churches, 'and- to individuals
whose enlightened minds will comprehend
the Value of the object, and whose means
will enablithein to"give liberally: In our
country' there are men toislet& God haS
given;large means, which they hold as his
stewards, who are
every, ob
ligation to the Church, to the interests, of
learning; and'ta the future 'prosperity of
this - country, to-bestoi , of their abundance
upon such an,object as this.
, By the organization of a committee .in
every 'church or community interested in
such an enterprise, We would confidently
hope to secure, in a'short ti'me, the roqiii
'Sad sum. - All the funds- raised will be
safely invested, so far as human care and
prudence can provide, will be made avails
able for the Object through all coming time.
Faith in that goed Providence, so sig
nally enjoyed in past - years; assures us
that funds inVested , for the support of this
Pell,ege will yield ,`a perpetual revenue of
usefulness for the honor of God, ,the
cation and extension of truth; and, the ad.
vancement of pure religion in the world.
We address this circular to you, dear sir,
to secure your personal assistance in the
great Fork,, asking you to act individually
orin Concert.with any others interested in
y t ent Whatever' funds you . may
be'able to give' or eolject,*hether the eon--
tribution•is email,. `or" arge; you will ideasb
to forward to, }lon. William .0. 'Alexander,
President of the-Equitable Lifelnstirance
Society, 92 Broadway, New-tork, Treasurer
of the Fund. . . .
indMitood that the subicriPtions
will not be binding nnlese the , whole amount
of $100,009 it subscribed.
Respectfully_ YoArs,
A. F. BAYLIS. *,
J: D. filclintarn,
General Agent.
Presbytery of Zanesvilik
The .Spring meeting. of this body; was,
helkin the church ' Washington, com
mencing Tuesday eVening, April, 14th,
and' 'closingon the following Thursday
night: '-.lll.neli impoirtant bilsipess was done,
with great harmony and dispatch.
Eighteen ministers and twenty - two Rub
tug Elders were ; present, besides an unusual
number ur corresponding members • and
Rev J: E. Alexander `was• dismissed to
the - 'Presbytery of New-Brunswick, and
Rev. D. S. Logan to that . 4 Western-11,e-
Rev. Samuel Mehaffey, of, the Presbytery
of St. Clairsville was elected Principal of
the Miller Academy, iice Rev. Alexander,
Revs. Samuel Wilson and J. R. Duncan,
with elders Matthew Scott and William
Monroe were appointed Oommissioners * to
the next General Aisembly.
The churches generally were reported as
being in .a most happy 'condition, finaneiiilly,
and-;our contributions-to the - Boards of our
Church and other F benevolent institutions
are in ittiv . 4 . nce of last year. - - ,
Six Calls were received and accepted at
this meeting, viz.: those from Muskingum.
and • Madison by Rev. A. R. Hamilton ;
those from ,dentoaville and ClaYstille, )by
Rev. M. R. Miller; that from Salem. ,Ger
man church, Newark, by Rev. R. Shills;
and thiCfroin Briatol, by Ret. C: O.' B.
Dunam. : .
, Our , Presbytery 'wilt- soon= be filled :up
with pastors., This, is significant of our
prosperity.. ; There are still some vacancies.
In regard thereto, the following paper was
"WHEREAS, 'There are within the bounds
of this Presbyeerynumerouskvacant-church
es and. „otber destitutions,some3 of which
greatly need ,the sp,ecial supervision" and
fostering garb of Presbytery, as well as ite
rail in securing the stated' ministrations of
the Gospel therefore, '
4f Resolved; Thatll - as Preabytery ap
point a standing Committee on Church En
tension, whose duty it shall-be to.aid such
elinrches and destitations, in the recees of
I Presbytery, in every suitable Firmer,' to
obtain 'the stated Means g,radellv eor.:
responding With =ministeis , seeking charges;
and i by.introduping them to snob churches
'f , lr
a_Resolle u d That standing rule in
For the .Pretthnerhei Btfoner.,,
Publication Office :
- -
A Square, (8 linen or less,) one imertion, 00 cents; each
subsequent insertion, 40 cents ; each line beyondsled, /3 eta
A Square per quarter, $4.00 ; each line additional, 38 cent
A REDUCTION made to advertisers by the year.
BUSINESS NOTICES of TEN lines or lees, $l.OO each - ad
ditional line, 10 cents.
. Peon/mum mon VITMMIEW
this Presbytery to send to each of our des
titutions, supplies for at least one Sabbath
each quarter, who shall makea report of
the condition, prospect, and wants thereof,
to Presbytery."
These were passed with great unanimity,
and Rev. L. B. W. Shryock, of New Con
cord, Ohio, is Chairman of the Cominittee
contemplated in the first resolution, with
whom ministers seeking fields of labor...wßl
hereafter correspond, and not with the
Clerk as 'heretofore.. -
The Rev. S. Wilson offered the following
important paper on Parsonages, which` was
adopted nem. con.., and the .following
tlemen were appOinted a Committee to car
ry its provisiOns into effect Revs., S.
Wilson, J. M. Platt, and Wm. E. 'Hunt,
with elders Jetties M'Creary and W., / 11.
"In vieur of the inconveniences and
losses to which ministers are often ,snb
jeeted by frequent and often unexpected
removals, and feilieg, its' we _do, that
establiihing of ' Parsontiges would in9gome
good‘degreO diminish these evils tOlninio
teirs; therefore, • -,,;
" Resolved, That this Presbytery appoint
a. Committee to take into, consisferation
this subject, and devise a course action
to be,taken by Presbytery, at iteuext, stated
Meeting, - in regard thereto!'
The following, was also passed, and 'the
attention of ministers'-is celled to the
same ;
Reiolvecl a That we recommend all the
Ministers under our care to read to their
eongregetieng, at least three every year, the
chapters innur te r " >The
Sanctification of the Lord's Day, . the
1‘ Assembling of the Congregation and their
behaviour during ; Divine Service," the
" Singing of 'Psalms and 'Hymns," and
especially `the 'chapter on " Secret and.
kimiiiy'Worafilpf and that they he :re
quested to • accompany t the reading with
such comments ; and exhortation as may to
them seem proper for the promotion of
good order in the honie of God, and the
edification of the people.
At this meeting, Mr. Thomas M.-Stelren‘
son was - ordained as"an Evangelist; and re
turned immediately AO the . army as a :Chap
ain, where he had-beeafor some time as ; a
Cap*. , Mr.. -H. ,C. -Fouke was ,licensed
to preach the Gespel,,,and Mr. James R.
Johnson, of COshoctori,, was 'taken under
oui care'as a canaidateoforthe ministry.
The pastoral, relation between Rev:LW.
Morris Grimes and M'Connellsville church,-
was dissolved. Mr: G. is now a chaplain
in the army.
Thus terminated one of the most'active
and harinonious meetings ever held"by this
growing and efficient Presbytery. The
impressions left- by. its- - Ohristian- bearing
and business-like deportment, -upon. the
citizens of, the town= and.mentbers of : ,the,
church of Washington, were most sahk
tary: 0 for the outpouring of the Spirit
upon'all our churches 1 '
W. M. F., Stated Clerk.
Presbyteif ofToledo.
At the sessions of _the Presbytery of To
ledo, which met in Shellsburg; lowa, tha
inst., the following items of brusineiii
were - -transacted.
Rev. Alexander Caldwell and Alder J.
W. B.,Yeliell were appoiuied delegates to
the General A.ssembly,
Robert B. Farrar was received 'from the
Presbytery of Washington .as a- :licentiate
under our care r and..hav,ing-passed_through
all the parts .oftria.l for ordinationxeqUired
bysoßr. Book, le.was ordained. as an..4vAn
A call was presented by , the united
churches of Vinton and -Big Grove fok the
ministerial-services' of Mr: - John S. , I)u.n=
log, a licentiate of .the• ,Presbyterry of
cago. ; The call was-retained by-Presbytery )
until r.Duning shoUld be dismissed to,
our care.
The folloWing' paper was patina with
reference to• the death.of Rev. John Steele :
gt Presbytery having ..been• informed. uf
the decease of our highly : esteemed :broth
er and Stated blerk, Rev. John Steele;
resolved, That while 'we feel ileeply
sensible of our greet' lasi as a PretibYteiy,
in the removal from US of .one so . devoted'
to,his ,Master's. cause, and se well qualified :
to labor therein,..we : recognise; the hand.of
God in this bereavement, and humbly bew
to his will.''
41 Resolved, Thit weleel solemnly called
upOn by this=afTlictiye providence, to hum
ble-ourselves = before God, and beseeching
him, for his quickening grace to double our.
diligence, that when the Master comes for
di we may have our work done, and be 'pre
pared for our reward. • The living exam
ple and sudden: and unexpected death of
Brother Steele, who ,died.,at Delaware,.
Ohio, on the 10th of September last, bids
us all work yhile the day -lasts, for the,
night co `meth when no man can work. '
1 ‘ Resolved, That a committee be apPoint-:
ed to collect the-oecessary-facts, and pre
pare a suitable memorial'Of the: life,dabors,
and death of Brother Steele and report
the same to the next stated meeting of
Presbytery:" '
The undersigned was appointed that corn=
mittee, and he hereby requests any person
haying in possession apy facts with refer
ence to Brother. Steele—such as the, date,
of his birth, the. time 'of his , conversion,
the place where he Obtained his education
for the ministry, the time of his licensor°
amLordination,,and; by what,Pxesbytery,:or
any, other facts of
. interest = it ,woold be:a
great favor to me ifsuch, an one wOuld.
communicate 'mob facts to me' at 'Toledo,
lowa. ' ° LUTHER' DODD, C.
.1 Parablr.'s- •
A certain man who was very much de-
formed, saluted i'Malibi; Saying,' "Penal
be•nnto thee." Thei Rabbi , did not4eturni
the salutation, but said, " Races, how ugly;
this pan is! perhaps all thy toar a enten are
as . deforpied thoa art." . The other re
plied, "I do not know, - biltgo thou and
say' to 'the workmail - that' inade • me, how
ugly is this vessel twhich :thou hist • maile.”,
Upeu,thisl the titabhi , 4ientonatedlrom:ll4
ass, knowing. "t!-Rt.sioned„andf
on his knees before - lhe man he halides
pisesl, and said unto him, " Forgive me,fi
beice'ch . thee." 5 'But the deforined- man
answered, "Scannot forgive theeantilthott
hast.been to the. workman: Oat formed the
and i sai44.,,,lteir ugly is ,veasel :which
thou hest made."—Talmud.
Tray eh u r at- Monmouth, : Illinois the
eharger. of -AO. R.O. Matthews, low been.
blessed:lT the hopeful .conversion of -over
Por the tiesbyteriaseltaitineir.:A