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REV. DAVID M'KINNEY,
I Love Thee
I love thee I love thee! my Father, my God;
Though this heart has so often refused thy
Thy mercy still followed wherever I trod,
Thy grace and thy love have brought peace to
I love thee! I love thee! my Saviour, my Friend;
If thy love S and forgiveness now give me such
How sweet an eternity, Saviour, to spend
In singing thy praise without any alloy 1
I love thee I I love thee blest Spirit of Truth ;
My Counsellor, Comforter, Mentor, and Guide;
Thou halt brought me to God in the Spring-time
And with me through life thou wilt ever abide.
I love thee!. I love thee ! my Saviour, my God;
I love thee, blest Spirit—three persons in one;
And thy love, like a sunbeam, illumines the road
That leads to the mansions where sin is un
known. M. L. S.
PROCEETINGS OF THE SYNOD OF
New BRIGHTON, PA., Sept. 26, 1862.
The Synod of Allegheny met according to ad
journment, in the Presbyterian church, and was
opened with a sermon by the Moderator, on Col.
15—" And having spoiled principalities and
powers, he made a show of them openly, tri
umphing over them in it." After which Synod
was constituted with prayer.
The following members were present:
Jno. V. Reynolds,D.D., C. Byles, M.D.,
Samuel J. M. Eaton, 3. id. Carnahan,
John W. M'Cune, 3. W. Scott.
James M. Shields,
John R. Findlay, •
John R. Hamilton,
John D. Howey,
A. C. Junkin,
James H. Spelman,
John G. Condit,
James W. Dickey.
PRESBYTERY OF BEAVER,
Robert Dilworth, D.D., Robert M. Martin,
Absalom M'Cready, Nathaniel Moore,
William Nesbit, Robert Thompson,
John W. Johnston, Isaac Winans, M.D.,
David Waggoner, Wm. Phillips,
Benj. C. Critohlow, Jos. H. Cunningham,
Cyrus C. Riggs, D.D., Thomas Miles,
Robert Dickson, Joseph Reed,
Henry Webber, J. W. Johnston,
David C. Reed, Thomas Boyd, M.D.,
Joseph S. Grimes,
Andrew W. Boyd,
William M. Taylor.
PRESBYTERY OF ALLEGHENY.
John Coulter, Richard Allen,
Loyal Young, D.D., Wm. Maxwell,
R. B. Walker, John C, MoNeese,
W. G. Taylo . p, Patrick Davidson,
Ephraim Ogden, Wm. Bighorn,
William F. Kean, Samuel Leeson,
J. F. Boyd, Hugh Miller,
David Hall, F. M. Edmundson,
Samuel Williams, Craig B. Wilson.
3. R. Coulter,
PRESBYTERY Or ALLEGHENY CITY.
Nathaniel Todd, Robert Davis,
David Elliott, D.D., James Park, Jr.,
J. F. MoLaren, D.D., T. H. Nevin,
William Annan, Philip Morgan,
A. Williams, D.D., John H. Whistler,
L. R. MoAboy, D.D., John Brown,
James Allison, J. C. Lewis.
David A. Cunningham,
Elliot E. Swift,
M. L. Wortman,
John M. Smith,
The following members were absent:
Presbytery of Erie—Wm. M. Blackburn, Lem
uel G. Olmstead, John H. Sargent.
Presbytery of Beaver—George N. Johnston,
Wm. T. McAdam.
Presbytery of Allegheny—John Munson, James
!clutter, J. V. Miller, W. W. M'Kinney.
Presbytery of Allegheny City—E. P. Swift,
.D. L. L. Conrad, E. S. Blake, John Davis, W.
MoLaren, D. E. Nevin.
Rev. L. R. McAboy, D.D., was elected Mod
Revs. M. A. Parkinson, R. S. Morton, and
-cue Wishart, of the Synod of Wheeling;
'eh D. M'Kinney, D.D., John Kerr, John M.
Ith, and S. C. Jennings, D.D., of the Synod
,tsburgh ; Rev. D. S. Logan, of the Synod of
.io ; and Rev. Wm. Reeves, -of the Methodist
)testant Church, being present, were invited
sit as Corresponding Members.
Adjourned to meet to•morrow morning at 9
'clock, Concluded with prayer.
FRIDAY MORNING, 9 o'cLoox.
Synod met, and spent the allotted half hour in
3v. Henry Webber was elected Temporary
The Minutes of the last meeting of Synod were
the Moderator announced the following Com
BILLS AND OVERTURES.—Ministers—R , B.
iker, D. Elliott, D. D., John V. Reynolds, D.
H. kebber. Eldera—Theo. H. Nevin, Robt.
'tin, James Park, Jr.
!DONAL Costsarren.--Afinisters—Loyal Young,
D., James M. Shields, C. C. Riggs, D. D., J.
MiLaren, D. D. Elders—R. Davis, J. M. Car
'Al Joseph Reed.
RECORDS OF PRESBYTERY OF' ERIE—. Minis
•Dsvid C. Reed, J. D. Howey. Elder—Wil-
TORDS.OF PRESBYTERY or BEAVER—MaiIs-
Milliam Annan, John Coulter. Elder—
.CORDS Ow THE PRESBYTERY OF ALLEGHENY.
kniBtera—John W. Johnston, John Brown.
%locums OF THE PRESBYTERY OF ALLEGHENY
—Ministers—John R. Coulter, David Hall.
r DEVOTIONAL EXERCISES. —Ministers—Benj.
iritchlow, Robert Dickson. Elder— lsaac
TOE NARRATIVE OF TRE STATE OF RELIGION
isters—Jamea Allison, A. Williams, D. D
-James Park, Jr.
THE MINUTES OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
ti4lers—Robert , Dilworth, D. D., A. ltrereo,-
1 REASONS OP ABSENCE PROM PREVIOUS
tNGs.—Miniaters — M. L. Wortman, D. A.
Ingham, J. M. Smith. Elders—C. Byles,
J. C, Lewis.
LEAVE or ABSENCE FROM THIS MEETING.-
7S-D. Waggoner, J. H. Spellman, J. F.
Elders—Joseph H. Cunningham, Robert
'nod then proceeded to fix the hour, and
of its next meeting. It was resolved to
in the first Presbyterian Church, in Alle-
Ly City, Pa., on the fourth Thursday of Sep
3r, 1868, at 7* o'clock P. M.
lolverl, That a Committee of three be ap
ed, memorializing the President of the Erni
itates to appoint a day of humiliation and
^, in view of the situation of our country.
Loyal Young, D. 'D., Rev. John R. Find
oad Elder T. li. Nevin, were appointed this
matter of Chweeti Eitteusiori was then
up, and reports' 'freer" the" Stated
le • •
All 1 4
~..44„,. tom, ~ 4. ,,-, -
:: ,-;.„ z AI
VOL. XI., NO. 4.
Clerks of Presbyteries were heard on this sub
Presbyterial Records were called for and
placed in the hands of committees for examina
Statistical Reports were also called for, read,
and placed in the hands of the Stated Clerk.
A collection of twenty-five.oents was taken up
from each member, to replenish the Contingent
Fund of Synod.
The Committee on Devotional Exercises pre
sented the following partial Report, which was
accepted and adopted :
That from 3,1 o'clock until 6, this afternoon, be
spent in devotional exercises ; that the Narrative
of the State of Religion be read ; and that Rev.
Robert Taylor preach this evening at 7 o'clock.
The Board of Colportage presented its Annual
Report, which was read, and is as follows:
The Board of Colportage of the Synods of
Pittsburgh. and Allegheny respectfully submit
their Annual Report, with the following state
ment of the condition and business of the Board
from September Ist, 1861, to September let,
1862, as follows, viz::
5,400 vols. on hand, valued at... 42,241.53 gross
Less 25 per cent di5c0unt.......... NO 38
Amount of debts from Ledger... 2,129.39
Furniture,. Carpet, &c., &c 200.00
Cash on hand 471.54
Amount of our indebtedness....
Capital Stock $3,713.96
Sales from Sept. 1, 1861, to Sept.
1, 1862 ... 3;775
Profit on Sales 710
Expenses of the Room 664
Contributions from Churches..... 832.96
Paid Colporteurs and Donations.. 774.00
C olporteurs employed occasionally, eight.
On this statement of the Board's affairs, we
make a very few remarks, merely to show that
our sales have this year exceeded that of last
year something over five hundred dollars. Con
tributions from churches
. have increased over the
former year, five hundred and fifteen dollars,
($515) ; profits on sales, fifty-six dollars, ($56).
Since the first of September there has been
paid on our indebtedness the sum of four hun
dred dollars, ($400,) leaving only a balance of
three hundred and sixty - eight dollars and twelve
cents ($368.12) against us.
In concluding this Report, the Board acknowl
edge their great obligations to the churches for
increased contributions, which has enabled them
to supply our army in many sections of the
country with religious reading to the amount of
seven hundred and seventy-four dollars ($774).
One hundred and seventy-two dollars ($172) of
the above mentioned sum, in religious books and
tracts, were distributed in the month of August,
1862, to fourteen companies at Camp Howe,
which were composed of volunteers from within
the bounds of our two Synods, and which books
were received with great thankfulness by both
officers and men.
The term for which the following members of
the Board were cleated, expires with this meet
ing: Rev. Messrs. L. L. Conrad, Wm. F. Kean,
and E. E. Swift; with elders James Schoen
maker, B. R. Bradford, and Wm. Campbell.
JAMES CAROTHERS, President.
F. G. Bailey, Treasurer, in account with the Board
of Co 'portage, from Sept. 1, 1861, to Sept. 1,
1861. Sept. 1. To balance cash on
hands $ 828.94
1862. Sept. 1. To amount rec'd from
ohs., individuals, &o. 1,427.90
" To amount of sales.... 3,209.18
1862. Sept. 1. By purchases of books,
freights, postage, &c. 3,844.48
it By rent of R00m5..... 250.00
if " " Librarian's Salary. 400.00
61 " " Cash on hands.— 471.54
Pittsburgh, Sept. 1, 1862.
Having examined the above account, with the
books and vouchers, I find it to he correct.
The Report was then referred to a Committee
consisting of Bev. J. M. Smith, Rev. Samuel
Williams, and elder J. C. Lewis.
A Circular was rend from the Board of Educa
tion, which was referred to the Committee on
Bills and Overtures.
The subject.of the endowment of the Fourth
Professorship in the Western Theological Semi
nary was then taken up, and a Committee con
sisting of Rev. James Allison, Rev. J. It. Coulter,
and Elder Robert Davis, was appointed to hear
reports in writing on to-morrow morning, from
the members of the Synod, on this subject.
The Committee appointed to consider the mat . -
ter of memorializing the President of the United
States to recommend a day of humiliation and
prayer, presented a report, pending the discus
sion of which, Synod adjourned until 2 o'clock
this afternoon. Adjourned with prayer.
FRIDAY AFTERNOON, 2 O'CLOCK
Synod met, and was opened with prayer.
The subject under discussion at the adjourn
ment was resumed, and after further discussion
the report of the committee was adopted, and is
The Committee appointed to prepare a Minute
memorializing the President of the United States
to appoint a day of humiliittion and prayer in
view of the state of the country, would submit
To Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States:
RESPECTED Sin:—The Synod of Allegheny, an
ecclesiastical body connected with the Presbyte
rian Church of the United States, embracing the
North-western part of the State of Pennsylvania,
would, with great deference, request you as the
Executive head of this great nation, to appoint
the first Thursday of November, or some other
day, as a day of humiliation, and prayer to God,
on account of the state of our beloved land. The
ministers and ohurahes in our bounds highly ap
preciated your appointment of a day of prayer
about a year since, and gladly observed the day
as such. God is the God of nations. As such
he raises up, and casts down ; gives success and
allows reverses. Those nations and individuals
who have felt and acknowledged their depend
ence on him, and in prayer prostrated them
selves before him, have met with his favor.
Those who have neglected to acknowledge him,
have felt his displeasure. That success may
crown our arms, that peace may be restored by
the suppression of the rebellion, and that you
may still be directed in your solemn, and respon
sible, and arduous , duties, is our our earnest
September 26, 1862.
Resolved, That the first Thursday of November
next be appointed by this Synod, as a day of
humiliation and prayer, in view of the distracted
state of our country, unless the civil authorities
appoint some other day; in which case the same
day be adopted by the churches of the Synod,
which may be appointed by the civil authorities.
Resolved, That other ecclesiastical bodies be
requested to unite with us in recommending this
The hour for devotional exercises having ar
rived, Synod spent one hour and a half in sing
ing and prayer, including the reading of the
Narrative on the State of Religion, at the close of
which exercises it was accepted and adopted, and
is as follows :
It is perhaps proper to state, in explanation
of Its meager display of facts that this Narra
tive represents but about half the churches of
the Synod:* Narratives have been received from
but two of the Presbyteries--Allegheny and
Beaver ;..and, comparing,these,. it shall be
found that theivare - nOt the messengers of glad
tidings that they have been in years past, it will
be no more than might have been expected.
The times have changed since we heard read
the Narratives of 1857, 1858, 1859, and even
1860 and 1861. We have fallen upon evil days.
The interests of religion suffer with the interests
of a suffering nation. The Church sits bleeding
tinder the - broken shield of a bleeding country.
The harp of song must, therefore, lie silent
while we weep for the Church and the fair land
which the Lord has given us. With little mete-
rial for history, it may be permitted us to in
dulge a little in reminiscences. Indeed the re
collection is almost forced upon us, of the time
when the Church of this Synod was beautiful in
the eyes of the Redeemer,her cheeks comely
with rows of jewels, and her neck with chains
of gold, when he made her borders of gold with
studs of silver. Warm in our hearts yet are
memories of the day when he stood behind our
walls and looked forth at our windows, showing
himself through the lattices. Then our figtree
put forth green figs, and our vines with their
tender grapes, gave a goodly smell. Not soon
will the churches of this Synod forget those hal
cyon days—the days of sowing and reaping
—when the feet of the reaper with his bright
sickle, followed close on the heels of the sower,
as he scattered the good seed joyfully and in
faith. It is the contrast that forces the remi
niscence. Now the sower sows in sadness, the
reaper hangs up his rusted blade, and those who
come to our figtree seeking fruit thereon, go
away disappointed, seeing the yellow leaves.
For " the voice of the turtle" we have the voice
of war. The horsemen lift up both the bright
sword and the glittering spear, and there is a
multitude of slain. The daughter of Zion sits
weeping at the head of the streets, for the slain
of her people and for the house of our God
brought to desolation, and for the din and 'the
crashing noise so different from the whispers of
peace from the lips of her Beloved, when he sat
in his banqueting house and his banner over her
Row sad the contrast between this year of
grace, 1862, and those golden years, 1857-8-9 I
The Lord has a controversy with his people, and
we will humble ourselves before him until " the
remnant of Jacob shall be in the midst of many
people as a dew from the Lord, as the showers
upon the grass, that tarrieth not for man, nor
waiteth for the sons of man." And patriots
thbugh we be, and smart under every blow which
our country receives, still, as Christians it is for
the house of the Lord our God in the land, that
we mourn. The Church bleeds at every blow,
and sits like a widow weeping for the loss of her
beautiful children, and that so few are, born into
the kingdom to take the place of those' who have
It was for the Ark of God that good old Eli's
heart trembled in Israel's wars. It was not the
news that the Philistines fought, and that Israel
fled, that there fell of her footmen 80,000 ; nor
even that his two sons, Hophni and Phinehas,
were dead, that pierced the heart of the old Pa
triarch. It was when the messenger made men
tion of the Ark of God being taken, he fell from
his seat backward by the side of the gate and
died. It was when that fact was announced
that "all the city cried out." And it is for . the
Church of God the Christian patriot trembles in
this terrible struggle , which is before us—the
Church at once the bulwark and the glory'of our
One of the fresbyterial Narratives speaks-of
little else than the war and its disastrous effects.
Among these are—lst. "A want of spirituality
in the Church, by which the Saviour is robbed
of his glory, and the Church of her legitimate
enjoyment and prosperity, by which the world is
lulled to sleep, and led to neglect the great sal
vation." 2d. "An increase of intemperance,
manifesting itself among the youthful members
of the Church, and necessarily leading to the
exercise of discipline, and also among those to
whom the Church looks for increase in members
and strength." 3d. "Profane swearing greatly
on the increase the youth in our towns and vil
lages so tainted with this vice, that their com
mon conversation is intermingled with the pro
fane oath." 4th. " Sabbath profanation to such
an extent as to cause apprehension and alarm
for the continued sanctity of God's holy day."
Such are some of the evils, traced by .one of the
Presbyteries to this " most unnatural and wick
ed rebellion, by which the attention of the
Church and the world has been directed from
But there is a beautiful obverse to this pie-
Lure, and we are glad to present it. Amid the
very smoke and din of battle, we have had the
presence of the Prince of Peace. He has
walked among the, candlesticks. He has come
into his garden, and fed among the lilies.
Gratefully do we record the . fact that. a number
of our churches have enjoyed seasons of reviv
ing, and that sinners—not two or three, but in
some instances by scores—have found peace in
believing. On the churches of Newcastle and
Slippery Rock, and Westfield, in the Presbytery
of Beaver, and on the church of Tarentum, in
the Presbytery of Allegheny, the Spirit has been
poured out. In less than three months, 71 per
sons were received into the communion of the
church of Tarentum. In other places, also, some
mercy drops have fallen to refresh the thirsty
hill of Zion. Unconverted men have met their
pastor on the street, and'asked him to visit them.
Others have come three or four miles to ask
what they must do to be saved. Converts have
been received from ungodly families where re
ligion was totally neglected, if not openly wick
ed—all showing that' the Lord has not forsaken
With singular unanimity the pastors in one of
our Presbyteries speak of precious communion
seasons. The hearts of God's people melted and
flowed together. Not for four years, say some,
have we seen so muoh tenderness at our com
munions. The wilder the storm raged without,
the more it would seem did Christians enjoy the
" heaven and peace within." In the same Pres
bytery, the pastors speak, hopefully of the good
attendance on the means of grace. Some say it
has been better during the past year than ever
before. Passing events, though of the most ab
sorbing and thrilling interest, have not kept the
people away from the sanctuary. Prayer-meet•
lags have been kept up in most of the churches
from which we have received any report, and
been generally well attended. The Master has
met with his disciples in the humble school
house or the private room, and they have felt
that it was good to be there. Where these meet
ings have declined in interest, the reason as
-signed is most of all interesting—the absence of
the praying young men in the army ; a sign of
promise for our national cause, and a beautiful
tribute to the patriotism of Christian young men.
We cannot but hope for the cause which is de
fended by the strong arm-of praying young men.
The training of the children and youth : in
Sabbath Schools and Bible Classes, seems to
I have been attended to with unabated zeal and in
creasing confidence in the promise of a blessing
on such labors.
JOHN D. IVIToRt).
Systematic Benevolence, too, even in their)
" troublous times," has not been suffered to de
cline. The events of the past year have fully
proven, we think, that the liberality of God's
people is a fountain which needs only to •be
fully opened, once freely to flow. Multiplying
the objects of Christian . charity has not dimin
ished, but rather increased the amount of those
charities. Perhaps a comparison of the statis
tics of the churches within our bounds, for the
year just, closed, with the statistics for previous
years, would reveal the fact that. during the past
year more churches have contributed more mon
ey and to more objects than ever before. This
foot, moreover, shows that although Christians,
these days, may not be feeling as much, or ereo g
ing as much as in other days, they are not doing
any less. The great command of the Saviour,
resting on the bosom of the entire .Church, is,
" Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations ;" and
if we are to take his own standard of love to him,
keeping his commandments, Christians of these
are not behind" Christians of any other
times, in their devotion to- the Master and his
And even the war has been the occasion of
good in the hands of Him who is head over all
things to the Church. The sons, and brothers,
and husbands, and fathers on the battle-field,
have been almost equalled by the sisters and
daughters, wives and mothers, around the mercy
seat at home. A whole congregation has been
seen melted to tears at the simple request to re
member the soldier in prayer. While the army
fights, the people pray. - And although we' do
not see an answer to our prayers as we wish to
see, yet we are learning' 'humility and submis
sion, patience and perseverance-rgraces,lyhich t
are themselves beautiful in the eyes of the lie=
PITTSBURGH, SATURDAY, OCT OBER 11, 1862.
deemer, and essential to the completeness of
Christian character. Thus "glory in tribu
lation, also," and count it'ailjoy when we fall
into divers trials." We are spitting in the deep
shadow of the evening, but otith calm faith in
the promise that at evening time it shall be light.
We are not cast down. The: storm is heavy up
on us, but the Master of the storm is asleep in
the boat. When he wakes, we shall have sweet
cram and abundance of peace forever.
The Church cannot be shaven, nor her founda
tions be moved; therefore " our faith shall nev
er yield to fear." " The Lord of Hosts is with
us, and the God of Jacob is „our refuge."
Synod took a recess until :7 o'clock P. M.
FRIDAY EVENING, 7 O'CLOCK.
Synod met and heard aisermon from Rev.
Robert Taylor, on Amos iv :'3.l—" Ye were as a
firebrand, plucked out of the burning." After
which the regular business was resumed.
The Committee on the RePort of the Board of
Colportage presented the follAying Report, which
was accepted and adopted :
The Committee on the RepOrt of the Board' of
Colportage of the Synods :of Pittsburgh and
Allegheny, respectfully submit the following
The Committee have examined the Report,
and as far as th . ey are able)9 judge from the
statement it contains, this Beard lias done a good
work during the past year, aniborke thatis worthy
the attention of the Synods and churChes. Al
though the capital employed is comparatively
small, it appears to have been used to good ad
vantage. The Report exhibits a considerable
advance on the sales of the fOrmer year, and a
general increase of prosperity. and usefulness.
We therefore recommend the adoption, of the
Report, and that this Board be earnestly recoil
, mended by the Synod to the: Confidence and an
increased liberality of the churches..
The following persons were elected members
of the Board of Colportage to serve for three
years: Revs. L. L. Conrad, Wm. F. Kean, and
E. E. Swift ; with elders Jathes Schoonmaker,
B. R. Bradford, and Wm. Campbell.
The Committee appointed to examine the Rec
ords of the Presbyteries of Erie, Beaver, Alle
gheny, and Allegheny City reported, - recom
mending their approval.
The Committee on the Minutes of the Genera
AssemblY reported that there was nothing in
said Minutes requiring the, Particular notice:. of
Synod. The Report was accePted, and the Com
Synod was duly informed of the appointment
of Mr. T.ll. Nevin as Receiving Agent for the
Boards of the Church, with the exception of that
of Foreign Missions, of which Mr. H. Childs is
still Receiving Agent.
Rev. J. V. Reynolds, D. D D, C. Reed, Rev.
Loyal Young, D. D., Rev. E. E. Swift, and Elder
T. H. Nevin were apPointed committee, to re
port at the next meeting of Synod in regard to
the expediency of taking measures to secure the
change of the name of this Synod ; or of one, or
both the Presbyteries of Allegheny, and Alle
gheny City ; or, of the name of the Synod and one
of the said Presbyteries.
Adjourned to meet to-morrow morning of 9
o'clock. Concluded with prayer.
SATURDAY MORNING, 9 o'cLocir.
Synod met and spent the allotted half hour in
On motion of Rev. Dr. Elliott,
Bolved, That in view of the continuance of
an organized resistance of a pLtition of the peo
ple of these. United States tO the
stituted authorities of the nation, this Synod do
hereby express their earnest sympathy with arid
cordial support of the national Government, and
do call upbn the people under their pastoral care
to unite with them, in their respective families
and closets, as well as in the public assembly, in
offering up daily prayers to Almighty God,
through Jesus Christ, for his blessing .upon all
the just and lawful measures which have been
or may hereafter be employed by the Govern
ment, for the speedy suppression of this unright
eous rebellion, and for the relief of oppressed
and suffering humanity,, and the restoration of
peace to our bleeding country.
The Committee on Bills and Overtures report
ed as follows :
Overture No. 1. A memorial purporting 'to be
from. the Session of the church of Mount Vernon,
asking Synod to answer certain questions. The
committee recommend the'followin'g answer, 'viz.
Synod not being sufficiently informed, as to the
facts in the case, 9lecline answering the ques
tions'in these. In the judgment of Synod, it is
for the better edification of the Church, that par
ticular oases should.be tried on their own merit,
and that eases of grievance' sHould be brought
before the higher courts, in the
. manner pre
scribed by our Book of Discipline.
2. In reference to the paper put into the hand's
of the Committee, from Rev. Dr. Chester; asking
Synod. to take action requiring the Presbyteries
to report annually what they hade done in be
half of the different Boards of the Church, the
Committee recommend the adoption of the fol
lowing resolution :
Resolved, That it be enjoined upon the Pres
byteries, respectively, to take measures for the
securing of an annual contribution to each .of
our Boards , from all the churches under their
care that at each Spring meeting, every pastor,
and the Session of every vacant church, shall
be called upon to report what they have done on
this behalf, and in case of delinquency, unless a
sufficient reason be assigned, the disapprobation
of the Presbytery shall be stated and recorded ;
and that at each meeting , of Synod, the Presby
teries shall be called upon to answer for their
The Committee on the Western Theological
Seminary reported. The Report was recommit
ted, and Rev. R E. Swift, with elders T. 11.
Nevin and James Park, Jr., added to the Com-
The Committee on' receiving reasons for ab - -
sence frotn the last' - meeting of Synod, reported
that they had received sufficient reasons for ab
senoe from Rev. W. G. Taylor, Rev. C. C. Riggs,
D.D., Rev. J. F. McLaren, D,D., Rev. Nathaniel
Todd, Rev. John 8.. Hamilton, Rev. M. L. Wort
man, and Rev. J. V. Reynolds, D.D. This Re
port was accepted.
The Committee on' leave of absence from the
present meeting, reported that they had' granted.
such leave to elders , Samuel Lesson, John
Brown, and. C. Byles, M.D., from the remaining
sessions of Synod.
The Committee on the Western Theological
Seminary reported, recommending that Synod
readopt the last three resolutions found on page
294 of the Minutes, being a part of the action of
last Year, in regard to this subject; and that'the
above resolutions be re-published with our pro
The re:saint - ions are as follows:
Resolved, That the scheme, still unaceom
plished, of the endowment of the' Fourth Pro=
fessorship, already undertaken, demands early
and constant attention.
Resolved, That the Presbyteries be directed to
appoint a Committee, whose duty it shall be to
call up this subject, to see what progress is be
ing made, at least once in every six months.
Resolved, That the Synod will make a call upon
its members at their next meeting, to ascertain
the fidelity of the pastors, elders, and churches,
in this matter.
The following resolution was adopted:
Resolved, That the thanks of this Synod be re
-turned to pastor and Session of this church, for
the use of their church edifice, and to the
- church and community for their kindness and
hospitality to its Members.•
Synod adjourned to meet at Allegheny City,
on the fourth Thursday of September, 1863; at
7i o'clock P. M.
Concluded - With singing, prayer, and Apostolic
4, • ,
The Cotton Brokers at Liverpool--Substitutes for
-CottonLinen Trade of Ulster—The Harvest—
Small Pox Among Sheep—The Wealth of the
Farming Interest—The Prince of Wales and the
Queen's " Demand"— Vegetarians at the Crystal
Palace—Their Theory Reviewed TeMperance
Reformation—Alcohol and Its Effects—Distribu
tion of New Testaments Among Foreign Jews—
Scenes at the Bible Stand—Scientific Balooning—
Its Perils and Discoveries—Garibaldis Leiter.
LONDON, Sept. 13, 1862
THE COTTON at Liverpool is thought to
be larger in quantity than previously sup
posed, because the Stock-brokers have re
fused to take stock of the quantity in their
possession. This has led to a fall in price,
but not to any important sales. Mean
while invention is busy. A London Mer
chant, who xgives his name in confidence,
but who will, not publish . it at present,
writes to the Times, to declare that he has
made a discovery of material out of which
he can manufacture a perfect equiValent for
cotton, which can be indefinitely multiplied,
and also be sold at a very low rate. This
gentleman's bona fide sincerity is endorsed
by - the money article of . te Times He
asks no patent right;' no , will he delay"
the publication of his secret. All he asks
is, that a competent number of- persons shall
test his discovery, and if it is approved, he
will at once make it known. Other invent
ors seem equally :busy, and cotton or its
equivalent is promised at 6d per lb.
Lord John Manners has, at an agricul
tural meeting, been urging the enlarged
manufacture of woolen goods, .and asks
why should the people of England be so
largely dependent on cotton. Linen also
is being made of thin and comparatively
cheap manufacture, which will not only be
a substitute for cotton, but would prove
much more durable. As to the linen man
ufacture and yarn spinning trade of the.
North of Ireland, after long and disastrous
depression-it has rallied in a way that is
- alike surprising and gratifying. .
THE WEATHER. has on the whole, been
good, and in the late districts of the Uni
ted Kingdom, the benefit therefrom is
great. We shall be under an average bar-,
' vest, somewhat, but by no means so much
more so as was at first apprehended. But
amid general congratulations as to farni
produce, and the hop fields in Kent, Surry,
&c., there has come an epidemic of
small pox among large flocks of sheep in
Wiltshire and elsewhere. Inoculation is
being extensively tried, and it is more than
probable that the disease will not become
general. But great loss has been incurred
by some farmers, and there has been much
anxiety as to the future. Never were the
flocks so numerous in this country ; and
the prices paid for sheep and lambs during
the last few years, have been extraordinary.
English farmers at 'the time of the aboli
tion of the Corn Laws (by Sir Robert
Peel, in 1846,) cried out that they were
ruined. But ever since the Irish famine,
the farming interest in England, Scotland,
and Ireland, has taken a start in advance,
and in herds, flocks, and beautiful, well
cultivated, - well-drained, and produetiVe
lands, they have attained a position of
wealth quite unparalleled.
POLITICIANS are quiet—taking their
holiday, meeting with tenants and depend
ants in a friendly way, or like Lord Derby
at Preston, trying to alleviate by cheering
words and patriotic effort, the distress (ever
increasing) in Lancashire. Lord John
Russel is with the Queen at Berlin, and
from thence (after that the young people
have met at Brussels, and been making up
a match, "at their own sweet will," talk
ing in alcoves, riding out to the field of
Waterloo, &c.—King Leopold the wise and
wary, and the young Scandinavian Prin
cess' father and mother smiling approval,)
Her Majesty has addressed to Prince Chris
tian (father of the future bride,) a formal
" demand," on her son's, behalf, for the
band of their daughter. The marriage is
to take place next Spring. Meanwhile the
Prince will be in England for his birth
day in November. The Queen had wished
it otherwise, but she yields her almost mor
bid &cal o m of -grief to the wishes of the
nation, and so his majority will be public
SODIAL ADVANCEMENT is attempted to
be promoted in various ways. Some seek
it by urging the claims of. Vegetarianism
as a system of dietics which would, accord-,
ing to its advocates,, greatly prolong
human life. The adherents of these views
are comparatively few, nevertheless they
are resolute, and when occasion offers; out
spoken. Thus the 16th annual meeting of
Vegetarian Society, was held at the Crys
tal Palace last week. First, there was a
feast, which abjured all flesh as well as
fowl, and which consisted of tea and coffee,
rolls and butter, apples, pears, plums, and
lettuces. Some members even scrupled to
indulge in tea and coffee, because they are
stimulating beverages, and confined their
libations to simple water. About one
hundred persons were present; including
both sexes and all ages.
Of all nations in the world, the least
likely to adopt Vegetarian views is the
British people. In, truth. the, climate, as
well as the great physical power required
for almost universal activity and energy,
warrants and demands animal food: Al
though excess here is necessarily mischiev
ous, and " overloading" is as much con
demned by medical, men as are " the riot
ous eaters of flesh," by apostolic authority;
yet the facts of the case are not such as to
sustain the Vegetarian theory. Man has
teeth given him for " tearing" in common
with other carnivorous animals. With
abundance of air and exercise, a moderate
quantity of flesh, and that not spoiled by
foreign cookery, and all kinds of sauces;
which are very mischievous, is needed by,
and useful to, the mass:
The distinction here between gluttony
and moderation is evident to all, except
the vegetarian. Some medical men here,
as Well as elsewhere, advocate the system;
and practice it in their own proper persons.
Thus at Islington, a neighbor of mine for
some years was a surgeon, who was a veg
etarian. He was certainly in good health,-
as far as freedom from . pain and sickness,
and: activity also, were concerned. But
his' aspect was anything but a temptation to
copy his example—the pallor of his cheek
and"the attenuation of his figure suggest
ing a living mummy—if that were possi
ble—rather than a healthy man. Not thit
there are not lacking examples of the op
posite to this; but it is a wise old maxim
in logie—exceptio eonfirmat regulam."
. Another and more practical form of so
cial elevation is developed by the Temper
anee Reformers. They was a larcre- Bath 7
mini 'of iiieseisst week, in the metropolis.
WHOLE NO. 524.
The effect of intemperance i n n the produc
tion of crime, and the cost - of police, pris
ons prosecutions, was indicated by Mr.
Backhouse Sunderland, in the Social and
Sanitary Lecture of the Conference. He
said that our police force cost the country
more than a million and a half sterling,
one half of which would be saved but for
drink. In 1861, 82,196 persons were
charged with drunkenness and disorderly
conduct, and 10,827 with infraction of li
censes, in England and Wales. He had
repeatedly known cargo ships lost, through
the intemperance of their crews.
A controversy as to alcohol—whether in
any case it is " food," or simply and only
1 " a poison "—is now waged. Thus, Dr.
M'Culloch, of Dumfries, said that " they
must lay the foundation of their charge on
the fact that alcohol serves no useful pur
pose in medical economy, and is positively
injurious in a physical point of view." On
the other hand, two articles have appeared
in the Cornhill Magazine ,
arguing that to
a certain extent alcohol is " food," and
useful. The medical profession differ.
They-constantly—as, \ay class—:exhibit"
gifianThantain fevers, chiileraic'atia&S,
but this, of course, has nothing to do with
the case of persons in health. As to the
effects of drinking on the working classes,'
while they are becoming more sober and
more saving every day, and are also avail
ing themselves largely of the new Post
Office Savings' Banks, yet the mischief
wrought socially, morally, and physically,
is truly lamentable. The Rev. R. Dawson,
(at the Convention of last week,) gave it
as his estimate that temperance habits
would have left the Lancashire operatives
£10,000,000 to fall back upon in the pres
ent distress. Mr. Harding, Secretary of
the Society for the Protection of Women,
said that drinking and female immorality
lived, and must die, together.
These gatherings in and around the
metropolis, in this Autumn season, have
suited the convenience of their respective
friends and sympathizers, who at the same
time embraced the opportunity of visiting
the International Exhibition.
THE DISTRIBUTION of the Holy Scrip
tures in seven different languages, at the
Bible Depot, which stands in the Cromwell
Road, nearly opposite (Southward) to the
Eastern end of the Exhibition, has gone
on for several months with remarkable suc
cess. One of the compartments of this
Bible stand is filled with New Testaments,
Epistles, and Gospels—all intended as gifts
for Jews of different countries who come
to London this year in- numbers. All
these sacred writings are printed in Hebrew,
as is also, the Book of Psalms. Over this
department is placed, by the British and
Foreign Bible Society, a young missionary,
himself of' the seed of Abraham, and a
beautiful specimen of a frank, earnest, sin
cere, warm-hearted, and .genuine Jewish
convert. He has lately favored me with
information as to the results of his labors
during the Summer; a summary of which,
am persuaded, will gratify many of your
readers,- and I trust also - stir up to the
prayer of faith for the salvation of Israel.
" I am sure," says Mr. S—g, " you
would be highly gratified to hear the fa
vorable expressions which drop from - the
lips, yea, .I may say from the heart of many
a Jew, as regards the Messiah. The class
I have mostly to do with, are the aristoc
racy of Germany, Rfissia, Poland, Hun
gary, France, and a good many English
Jews of beta the higher and lower classes.
There are only comparatively few who have
refused to accept portions of Scripture.
Out of the 1,100 Jews who Caine to the
Bible stand since it was opened only 20
refused to accept either the New Testament
or portions thereof, and even they did not
refuse to take the book because they be
lieved it to contain errors, but because, as
they said, their fathers never read it, nor
their grandfathers either,' and therefore
they said, 'we do not seek to be wiser
than they.' With the exception of these
twenty, all the others accepted the New
Testament, and wished me much success'."
Up to the first of the present month of
September, 300 New Testaments, (com
plete,) 200 Hebrew Psalters, and above
2,000 single Gospels and Epistles, and sev
eral thousand Scripture cards, (containing
the very marrow of the Gospel, have been
distributed from the Hebrew Department.
Over this are written in Hebrew the words,
"Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and
thou shalt he saved, both thou and thine
house:" This, with the word " Israel," in
Hebrew, on a shield-like panel below, at
tracts the attention of Jews passing by in
the crowd to or from the Exhibition, and
so they come over to Mr. S. and ask what
it means. Then come opportunities for
conversation, argument, appeal: Another
remarkable result is that foreign Jews who
came to London in the early part of the
Summer, having taken home with them the
precious words of our Lord Jesus Christ,
led others—their friends and neighbors—
when they also came over, to seek for the
I Word of Life.
"I have bad several foreign Jews at the
stand, who told me that in their own coun
tries they had heard of this place, and had
seen little books amongst their co-religion
ists, who brought them home and spoke of
the kindness of' the English poeple." (The
Jews in Popish countries are not accus
tomed to kindness.) " They therefore de
termined, when they came to England, to
call at the place and ask for. some copies of
the books also."
But others manifest a spirit of real, seri
ous, and earnest inquiry. This applies
very fully to a large number of English
Jews in London at this. time. " One Jew,
in particular, who received a New Testa
ment, came back in the course, of three
days, with a smiling countenae cc, and said :
' Sir, do you remember giving me a book
three days ago?' ' Yes, I do.' ' Well,' said
he, I would not sell it for five shillings.'
'I am very glad,' I replied, that you value
it so highly;' but how is it, that you think
the book so valuable?' Why, I- have
been reading it, and my wife and two
'daughters read it, too; and we were quite
struck with the 'beautiful things in it, and
with the good and holy teachings of .Jesus.
A Christian man, who is my landlord; ex
plained the book to me so nicely, and now
I am fully convinced of the truth of Chris
tianity, and desire to be baptized, with my
houset * *
"An , Austrian Jew was riding on an
omnibus, and as it was passing the stand,
he was arrested by the Hebrew Scripture
over head, and leaving . the omnibus, he
came to me and asked : Is .this the place
where they give away New Testaments ?'
•Tie hp.a , s e enone copytliereof in' the hinds
of one of' his countrymen, who had got it
TOE PRESBYTERIAN BANNER,
GAZETTE BUILDINGS7B4 FIFTH Sr,, PITTSBURGH, PA.
PHILADELPHIA, SOUTH-WEST COIL OP 71 . 8. AND CHESTDII7t
Ti.;I:SIS IN ADVANCE
A Square, (8 lines or 'elm) one insertion, 60 cents; each
subsequent insertion, 40 cents; each line beyond eight, 6 ate
A Square per quarter, $4.00; each line additional, 33 cents
A REDUCTION made to advertiser's by the year.
' BUSINESS NOTICES of Tea lines or less, WOO each , uf
ditional line, 10 cents.
REV. DAVID 11 9 KINNEYI •
PROMMTON AND PIINLI6IIIII.
from me, and said he: I asked him for
it; but he declared that he would not part
with it at any price.' I handed him a
copy of the Testament, with the words,
' Search the Scriptures,' &e., whereupon a
most interesting conversation ensued, last
ing an hour and a half. The advent of
the Messiah was discussed. The man was
a highly learned Jew. The Scripture tes
timonies as to the time of Christ's appear
ance, were most satisfactory to him. But
one difficulty remained, namely, Was Jesus
of Nazareth the promised Messiah? I
opened and placed in his hands the 53d
chapter of Isaiah. The intense interest
with which hs perused it was beyond de
scription ; and at last he exclaimed,.'Ep
ery word coincides with the history given
in the New Testament of the sufferings of
Christ. It is marvellous. I never thought
about this before.'"
Many other cases could be given if space
permitted. But there is a great stir among
the Jews—much seriousness and docility,
and some conversions both among rich and
poor Jews in London.
It is sad to think that the . Christianity,
so-called, of the Romish and Greek Church
es—by its idolatrous exaltation of statues
or pictures—has been a great stumbling
block to the poor Jew. When therefore
people of this nation come to a Protestant
country, and when reading the New Testa
ment, they find no sanction given to idola
try, their prejudices are largely removed.
Thus, when the young missionary lately
took some foreign Jews to Protestant places
of worship, "they were highly delighted
with the services. They exclaimed, in a
most emphatic tone : If such were the
Christianity of our country, the Jews
would form a different opinion about Christ
and his religion than they do' now."
A BALLOON ASCENT, for scientific pur
poses, was made this week from the grounds
of the Crystal Palace, by Messrs. Glaisher
and Cox well, who, after the perils they met
and survived, may be classed among heroes as
well as savans. I was a witness to the ascent
of the balloon, but in a few minutes it en
tered a thick cloud, and disappeared. The
aeronauts cut through a dense mass of
moisture two thousand feet in thickness,
after which the scene changed; and pass
ing into the clear blue vault of a liquid
sky, they saw the landscape of clouds be
neath them. So swiftly do they ascend,
that a photograph of the scene (for which
all the materials were ready) is impossible.
Soon they reach a fearful altitude. Pigeons
are thrown out, but from the rarity of the
air they cannot fly, and drop like paper.
Soon one of the explorers became faint and
unconscious, and for ten whole minutes Mr.
Colwell ascends alone, or rather with his
companion insensible before his eyes, in a
region of six miles distant from the earth
But the peril was urgent. Both would
soon have perished of cold and from the
" difficult air," not, as the poet sings, of
" the iced mountain top," but of that upper
world to which we attach such glowing
ideas of warmth, sunshine, glory and splen
dor. A few minutes more the car would
have been passng out toward worlds un
known with two dead bodies, never to re
turn to earth again. Mr. Coxwell's hands
were black and powerless, and only with
his teeth was he able to oose the valve
sufficiently to cause a descent. Gradually
Mr. Glaisher recovered. These two daring
aerial navigators have gone up several times,
and their observations and notes are highly
It is now ascertained that beyond five
miles man could not safely ascend, auu even
there, Winter reigns. " They have fur
nished," says a public writer;
:" one more
striking and impressive-scene to the history
of science. They have shown what enthu
siasm science can inspire, and what courage
it can give. It' the man, as the poet says,
bad need of a triple steel . about his breast,
" who first launched a boat into the sea, cer.
tainly .thoSe had no less need of it who - first
floated in the ,air six miles above the sur
face of the earth."
GARIBALDI, it no* appears, hearing of
the advance of the Italian troops, sought
to prevent any combat with Pallavicini's
army. When he was taken on board ship
—notwithstanding his wounds—he wrote
or dictated a statement as follows : They
thirsted for blood, and I wished to spare
it." The reference is here to Cialdini, La
Marmora, and above all to Ratazzi, the
Prime Minister at Turin, who is almost the
creature of the. FreneheErnperor. He goes
on to say, thereforn: " kot,_the poor sol
dier who obeyed, but the men, of the clique
who cannot forgive the revolution, for being
the revolution—it is that which. disturbs
their Conservative digestion—and-for hav
ing contributed to the reestablishment of
our. Italian family. Yes, they thirsted for
blood; I perceived it with sorrow, and
endeavored in consequence, to the utmost,
to prevent that of our assailants being shed.
I ran to the front of our line, crying out
to them not to fire, and from the centre to',
the left not a trigger was pulled. It was
not thus on the attacking side." Then he
tells how the troops in front "poured a fire
upon himself, and struck him down with
two wounds." lie goes on to say : "If
had not been wounded at the outset, and if
my peoplehad not received the order, under
all circumstances, to avoid any collision
whatever with the regular troops, the con
test with men of the same race would have
been terrible. However far better as it is,
whatever may be the result of my wounds,
whatever fate the Government prepares for
me, I hafe the consciousness of having done
my duty, and the sacrifice - of my life is -a
very little thing, if it has cotributed to
save that of a great number of my fellow..
countrymen".- His deep-seated humanity,
and his love for. Italy and Italians, comes
out strongly here. The gentle reproach of
Victor Emmanuel, with which he eon:-
eludes, is indeed a to vogue
Monarch must. feel to the very-depths of
his soul : "-I hoped nothing good from the,
Government of Ratazzi. But, why should
I not have h,opedfor less rigor on, the pail
of the Xing, 'having altered in nothing, the
old programme 7` What afflicts 4ne most is
the fatal distrust• which contributes not a
little to the incompletion of national unity."
He then concludes, in his own noble way,
in terms which elicit from every honest
reader both pity and admiration : "How
ever 'it may be, t once- again present to
Italy a serene front, assured.of having:done
my duty. Once more my unimportant
and the, more precious, ones, i. e.,"—the
young men with him. J.W.-
P..5. 7 ---The Archbishop of flanterlittry
is and'and' buried. Bishop. of Lon..
don, it is rumored; will'inidethiuo'