Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, August 23, 1862, Image 1

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    REV. DAVID M'KINNEY,
Hditor and Proprietor.
TENNIS I,N ADVANCE.
SUBSCItIrTIONS $1.50
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For Two DOLLARS, WO will Seild by mall seventy number
nd elr ONE DOLLAR, thirty-three numbers,
, aitore sending as TWENTY subecribera and upwards, will
thereby entitled to a papetwithout charge.
Renewalsehould be prompt, a tittle before the ye:marlins
send payments by sole hands, or by mail.
Direct all letters to •
REV,. DAVID M'XINNEY,
On the llntivity.
Welcome weloome, happy morn,
Heaven's predicted hour,
When, to . reseue man forlorn,
Ood displayed - his pgwer. • ,
Jesus, universal. King, •
Whom celestial orders sing,
Visits earth, the spoils to wia
irYronithe conquerors, Death and Sin.
80, "'He comes," as seen of old
By prophetic spirit,
Willits the ancient seers foretold
And the saints inherit.
Jesus, God's eternal Son,
Puts the hurnan'natlire on,
Bears our dreadtuLeurse alone,
To exalt us.to , his throne.
Eastern sages from afar,
Undismayed by , danger,
.Gladly mark the orient star—
Seek the loving stranger;
View the God revealed in olay,
All his infant charms survey,
Prostrate adoration pay,
While they splendid gifts display.
Shepherds now their Hooke surround—
Guard their fleecy numbers,
While the night diffuses round
Cahn and peaceful slumbers.
Lo, the heavenly herald bright
Borne on pinions swift as light,
Bursts upon their ravished sight,
While they tremble with affright.
Soon the ethereal plains resound
God's eternal favor.
Shepherds, hear the applauding sound;
Haste to view the Saviour ;
While cherubic armies vie,
Shouting In the distant sky,
" Glory be to Gotthloat High."
In harmodious melody.
Rise,' believers! eatek the flame;
Feel the, sacred fire ;
loin to sing, the Saviour's name,
Swell the chorus higher,
Jesus will ytiur souls defend,
Be your own eternal Friend,
And a flaming oonvoy. send,
When your mortal conflicts end.
Then your happy soulet shall prove
All the great salvation,
Crownettwith pure seraphio love,
Filled with 'consolation.
Prostrate on your.faoes fall.
Godie•eternal•lo*e extol,
Shout the Lamb who died for all
While eternal ages roll.
Prom' a Missionary in China.
NINCIPO, 011114 A, Mity 28t,h0 862
Eth." 4 ...0R PAZEBYTERIAN BANNER: Dear
Sir—Perhaps your readers might be inter
ested in a brief statement of affairs at this
port. If you think so, you are at liberty
to make mich us?Ais -you may; see fit of the
followini facts
.
I can assure you, that since mrsarrival
here we- have been living pretty fast. The
first half year or so the French and 'Eng
lish did their work up at Pekin, during
which time we.had comparative quiet, sub
pia, however, to ineipient panics. That
Job donei we had comparative, freedom - from
suddtto frights' for' six moths; *hen the
cry 'a the EA°ls are coming," sounded and
reechoed throughout this whole Province,
earryin e F with, it the entire population.- A
panic in China is indescribably fearful.
These continued at intervals until the fall
Ningpo, Dec. 9th; 1.861.
The Tai-:pings are. a bloody set. Still
theythave exhibited a good degree of honor
in their dealings with foreigners. They
have kept- their promiies better than could
have reasonably been expected. They are,
however, great tyrants—seem to have very
little idea of any punishment, except death.
As to destruction, they are well-nigh per.
feet in-the art; but have not the least totioh
of building ;up.
To the keeping of their promises, how
ever, there , was one exception, and that
exception proved fatal to their interests
here. They promised the &reign Powers,
previous to their coming to Ningpo, that
they would not pass over to the side of the
river on which the foreign settlement is
located. This promise they kept until the
city Wolin their possession, when they so
interpreteil the'agreement as to mean that
they were no to come over during the tak
ing of the dity; > that as the city had fallen
into their hands, 'together with the sur
rounding country, the North bank of the
river, was theirs at a matter of course. The
Chiefs, however, consented to refer the
matter to 'Naen-king.- The answer came
two or three weeks previous to the 20th
inst. Previous to giving their-answer;
either intentionally or by chance, soma
shots were fired over the men-of-war lying
in the river between the foreign settlement
and the city,. For this the Senior naval
officer demanded- and received an apology.
The messenger who brought the reply from
Naen-king to the foreign. Powers, came into
the city, with great, pomp, and in their dis
play the Tai-pings again fired over the mei;
of-war, and'killed some Chinamen on this
side of the river.
Three or four days after this the English ,
and,,Frenoh:received a large reinforcement,
so that they had, all: told ) , ars vessels, three
of-them gunboats. The " Allies" then de
manded of the " Tai-ping Chiefs," that in
asmuch as they either could not or wo u ld I
not restrain their men from firing across the
river, they must take all , the large guns'off
the wall which pointed toward the settlement,
.a4o}lso those , from the new forts which
they were °Obstructing in the Birks of the
river, which bore on the' iihipping; that if
the firing of, small arms Was,repeated, they
would put &shell as near as -possible to the
place from which the gutitwas 4red, not as
an set of hostility, but by* ,way of punish
ing the inOividual offender.. In answer,
the Chietal! assured the 44, All ie that
the lame guns-and the forts were , not in
tended for them, but for the Imperialists
who weres , 44pected up the river J. they
could nof°fenlove the guns--Ilist they
would not ittiiiVetthe first or second:At:lt, but
that in case of in Itttiek they wouldlefend
themselves; that they had positive. (lidera
from Nsen-king to take charge of;.ifie
North- bank of the river ; that they did not
wish to quarrel with'foreigners, but ifitbeY'
(the Allies) sought•a•quarrel, to comd w oii,
and it would be seen which was the cock
and which was the Sera, The,." Allies"
sent a second dispatch, stating hat if the.,
guns were removed as requested', 'theti"
would see to it that' the Imperialists shodl&
not ayproneh the:city from this, side Ill:t
-out giving` there (the,.relielo 7 itug ticitteem
VOL. X.. NQ.' 49.
Pittsburgh,.Pa,
but that the safety of the foreign commu
nity demanded their removal. The remo
val of'the guns was given as an teltimattent.
It was hautily rejected.
A few days after this, Chin-hai, the city
at the mouth of the Ningpo river, was
taken by the Imperialists. The next day
the Senior naval officer of the English
forces here sent word "to "the' °hie% that
Chin-hai had fallen; that the Imperialists
had re-taken the country on the North
batik of the river, as high as opposite the
city of Ningpo,. add - that i tudy would sue
tain the Imperialistsiin'holding the terri
tory they had re-taken;. that had they lis
toned- to their , former, propositions, they
would not have.permitted an attack from
this side, but as they had rejected them;
-they (the Alies) would not interfere 'to
-prevent it; an& that even in their own de
fence the Tai-pings must not fire across
their ships; that if they did, they in turn
would fire into the ' city. The Chiefs
thanked the Allies for their information,
but assured them•' that they would return
the' fire. if attacked from the settlement
side; at• whatever risk, and thought 'they
.would be able to defend themselves.
The attack was arranged for Saturday,
10th of May, at 5 o'clock A. M, but the
Imperial war junks did not seem to relish
getting into close. quarters, with a strong
tide forcing them into immediate contact
with their enemies for six hours. They
preferred to wait until near , high-water,
when, if they got into whet place, they
could have a chance to slip away. The at=
-tack was made at a little before 10 A. M.,
by two .Imperial gunboats, which only fired
one round each and retired. The Tai
pings-returned the fire, some of their shots
passing over the bows of H. N:• steam-ship
Encountre, anchored opposite to our houses,
between us and the city. She immediately
opened ' a: broadside , on the batteries' oppo
site, and at this signal the other five ves
sels soon came into actions A fierce can
nonading was kept up until 2 M.; when
there was quite a lull, 'while preparations
were being made to land a storming party
The party landed under _cover of a house
near the wall, at about P.. M. Within
the city were said to be — tWenty thonsind
fighting men. The scalineparty consiated
of about one hundred and . fifty English and
French, and about as many Chinese: By
means of a brass piece,' (12 -pounder,)
which accompanied the scaling party, and
constant booming from 'the gunboats, the
top of the wall opposite' the house was
knocked away. From a lookout on the top
of the house-the marines'cleared the wall,
and the ladders, only fenrin number; being
planted, the party, heeded by Capt. Dew,
the senior officer, ascended and cleared the
wall;' and iii less than two holm the firing
ceased' entirely. • The s roUte was coniplete,
and the city in tie hands 'of the English
and French. On the part of the Allies
there were three killed'and about twenty
Wounded, three of 'whoni have since died.
We remained in our houses during the
day. Several cannon halts Whizzed past,
and one gingal lit in our yard. None of
the missionaries or foreign residents were
injured. The native Christians are all safe.
lam inclined - to 'thinkAhe bombardment
did not take )place any too soon, as the Tai
pings more than once had meditated a night
attack on the foreign 'Settlement. Had
they remained long enough to carry out
their deeign, it must haveprovedllisastrous
to'life and property on this side.
Such is the political) atniosphere in which
we have been , living for thelint) sir inontl4,
for one did not feel much leis secure during
the bombardment than during the last few
months.
In-the wide-. of - uncertainty 'and'eonten
tion we are not'without dneouragement in
oiir"liork. In almost - 6bry 'communion
some one or more sits , down for the first
time at the table of the Lord.
Betides; the hundreds4ho'have'li6enres
cued from the Tai-pingS;sand-kept in food
and found in a place td'Stay for months,
through the efforts of missionaries and the
liberality of foreign merchants, places us
in a position which foreigners lave never
had befdre. These things limit given indu
bitable.proofs to the Chinetie that foreign
ers do not wish to injure, but to do them
good. The effect we hope has been great
for good. The leaven- is , at work. The
power of a risen Saviour yet be meg.;
nified`throughout
Yours truly, 'D. D. GREEN.
Ma. EDIToR :—I was' highly pleased with
a portion of an article in the Areto-ror,k
Observer of July 10th, under the Caption
of " NOT YET HUMBLED," and yet I
was not at all pleased-with another portion
of it.,_ I aur afraid that MS not only too,
true' ktiat 'we, as a nation, are "Not ;36 9 t,
Humbled," but that it is equally true that
we are Not yet educated. I think it is
now evident to every one, that; if this,
Government of ours which every true and
intelligent man loves and desirea - to sustain,
is to be preserved—is to overcome and
overthrow the rebellion that' is' attempting
to divide and destroy it, , the loyal people;'
everywhere throughout our land, must
stand together as one man, in supporting{
the constituted authorities of our Govern
.
ment .
'all the measures—not inconsistent
with the rules of civilized warfare—deem
eknecessary to accomplish this desirable
end,:. We must-pray to the God Of-battles
for aid—we must acknowledge all our, sins
as a•peoplerand in addition, we must use
all the means placed within, our reach if we
expect to `succeed. . ,Not only ' so, but we
must be very careful not to encourage nor
comfort our enemy by word or deed---by
making him believe that there are real di
visions amongst" ourselves=that the Ad
ministration has 'not the Cordial support of
the Northern people,,; and thAlherefore all
the Rebellion has to-do-in order to succeed
finally, is to persevere 4° protract the
struggle.
The - article referred to in the Observer,
is well timed and -true, until near the-foot
of the first column; and-if the editor had
stopped' when 'he 'got through With'the re
marks that' "appropriately belonged 'to the
heading of the article, he would. hive done
his duty ;. but I think , this long eherished
love of the " peculiar-institution," led him
away from his .dubjeetf tend induced him,
unwittingly, perhaps,-to: cripple and weak
en the Governuieht.' The objectionable
portion of that iditorialii the following.:`
"'We have prayed that the war might be
speedily closed ) , but we-have .had no faith
to-believe that it willhweloaddi so long as
it is.,prosecnted With any other object than
the - defence the Cot, Motion as it 4, and
tbs. : Aston, avit,
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ZEES
For the - Fretsbyterlan BiitnOr.
Not Yet Edootted.
" With any other design in view, -the
War is a horid crime against God and the
human'race. If our. rulers or our people
have 'lost sight of the first principles on
which the nation sprang to arms and are
now determining to make the war an in
strument of their party purpose's, to do
with it what could not be done by the peo
ple under the Constitution without it, then
let our rulers and our people repent of this
their sin-and their folly if they desire the
help of God Almighty in this war.
"In the solemn pause that now marks
the history of 'this bloody year, it is well
to lay these teachings to heart. By all the
innocent blood that has• been poured out
on the battle field, by the dying groans of
our children and brethren slain in defence
(as they thought,) of the Gbvertlinent of
their fathers.
New, Mr.
.Editor, I - hive several objec=
tions to urge against a widely circulated
and influential religious newspaper giving
utterance to so much unfounded and empty
political clap-trap, and. which, when used
by partizan politicians, is intended to ininu
lead and gull the unthinking so awl° se:
cure some political and partizan object.
What does the foregeing extract teach ?
Why, it asserts about as strongly as can
he, that the war has been, and is now,
Prosecuted 'for some other purpose than
the suppression of the Rebellien and the
restoration of the Union. I would like to
know from the Observer, or " any other
man," when, where, or how the Govern
ment or any number of individuals have
ever proposed to prosecute the' war for the
accomplishment of any other purposethan
the suppression of the Rebellion. I am
aware there is a difference of opinion as
to the means to be used to accomplish the
end in view. Rut the Observer - makes the
brOadi and almoskunquilified assertion'that
such has been the character of means
adopted to carry on the war, and says that
although he has prayed for a speedy close
of the war, he has had no faith to belieVe
it will he closed's° long as it - is proieclited
with any , other'object than the defence - of
the" Constitution as it is and the Union-as
it was." If my memory serves me, the
Observer, about eighteen months ago, fa
vored the Crittenden . Resolution-, which
proposed' an attercitionrof the Conetitutinn.
If so, how does . it 'name that he, as well-as
the lea.ding membere-of a once great 'patty,
Who also werl'e favorable -to 'sn•aitetatinienf
the Constitution; bit *hose motto' now is,
"the Union as it wds.,- and the Constitution
as it is,">*dre-now so zealous that =not a let
ter of the' Constitution shall be ' touched
even to save the spirit'ef it? " With any
other design in -view;' the war is a , horrid
crime against God and-the hlitrein rice."
Now, whitdona. the Observer 'man by . the
above? In the' first place he' aatiiiies 6,
false premise, and thendraws, as . a matter
of course, a wrong conclusion. In other
words, he assumes that the Government is
prosecnting the war - to abolishslavery, and'
then says th.atis a " crimeagainst God an&
the human race." Now every sensibleand
honest mair certainly knows• that the Gov
ernment thus far has been prosecuting the.
war so as to do as little harm to slavery as
possible, in order to'let the South see that
thele wawa() disposition to meddle uri'n'e='
cessarily'with their ".peculiar institution:"
In the very face: of this remarkable :eare ,
which the Government has taken of
very 'in all its operations ever since the
rebellion broke out,' the Observer tells our
own people and the Rebels, too--Lbecause
they get to , see all 'these things--that-:we'''
have been waging a war against slavery,
and hence it is wicked, and God will be
against us until we repent of this sin.
Thus, he assumes thakwe are trying to ac-'
complish by the war, what we. could not
under the Constitution 'without it--thatis
the destruction of slavery.
Again he says, "by' all the innocent
blood that haSbeen poured out on the bat
tle field, by the + sdying groans "of our , chil
dren and• brethren slain in defencu(as , they
thought) of the; Government," •&c:
Now whath the plain inference which
our'soldierg would draw limn the above?
Does not the l phrase` included in brae etc;
teach' that 'the Government has obtained
their services' under Alm pretences=—that
they are made the instruments - of carrying
out party purposes instead of defending the
Government, and therefore they would be
morally right in' mutinying and refusing to
submit to this perversion of their services.
I scarcely think the Observer intends to
teach such terrible things, and yet I knoir
the extract I have gnoted lute had the ten
deney to strengthen - and coinfort those - in
our , midst who have - been asserting that
thistis an Abolition war, and that the -Gov
ernment shall not be sustained by either
men or money, until it shall give such evi
dence as they demand, that the 'status of
Slavery in 'the Government shall renfain
the same after therehellion is suppieseed,
that it was before. the war began. The •
tendency of all such sentiments is to create
division among ourselves, and strengthen
and encourage 'our -inemiei: If We don't
quit. such a- course .the 'war Will he pro
tracted---our noble- Goiernment; which is
now loaded down by obstacles• and .ditheni
ties mountain high, will crumble and : fall
to rise no more. I believe it is beyond the
poWer of `mortal' man'-to preserve the status `
of Slavery in the Goverement 'as it :Wine beL
fore the rebels undertbok'qo. destroy the.
Union for the avowed-purpose of extending
and perpetuating They destruction' 'of
that institution must be credited , to the
rebels themselves—altheughlhey meankit
italic). The very course , they haie takes
tot. perpetuate if, Will -belleei; after this'
whole affair istwoutid to have 'been
necessary to destroy it. Just as Joseph's
brethren's course-toward him, to thwart the
realization of his dreams, afterwards ap
peared to' have been" neeisssary , to bring
them aboutriso•with the sleVeholder'm re=
hellion. God ceases - the wrath' of Mail to
praise him, and restrains theresidue there
of.
.
We are not yet educated, or else we
would-see the improptieiy;undel the
trabrdtnary oirmiraetanced that surrouttihis
as a' natiou, ,, of Utteringoin , any wayeentit:
ments that are not simply untrue ; -but
which must do a vast amount of, injury by
prolonging the War, and consequently rb
quiring AU' increalied sacrifice of treasure
and blood':- Thqr6N.'
Haw td ILav Pair SomebtidY in
one of"our cachet* gea; suggests the follosit'
ing ," way to make a poarpastor
1. Be-very careless and irregular' in at.
tending church. Never , go; except zwhen
you.can manufacture no good etensi i to!stay
at , home.. ' - ' •
2. When at ohuraiwtiibittleYN et)ftifitW
PITTSBURGIL SATURDAY, AUG UST 23, 1862. WHOLE NO. 517.
staring about. , Do nut Jiaten f ,to the . t3er-
3. When you go heMe couiplain of the
sermon as light and chaffy, or dry and un
interesting.
4. Treat your pastor, with. cold sand un
invitinrcivility, and then complain of him'
because he does not visit you. Neglect to
pray for, a blessing upon bun and his la
bors, and then complain of him because the
church does not prosper.
6. Be always finding . 'faith with' yoUr
pastor, and yet regretthat'he is not more
popular with the - people,.
7. Bi 3 Very lukeWarnt
ed, and yet CoMplain - of laith for want - of
zeal.
8 Nagled, to provide for his ned'eßgarY
wants; and theft' oornpitiln aline because '
he wants' hia salary. D all ilidAe.
and you Will near
pastor.
" Is the wait of peace Our onlYiniaindie?
No; in such' a time,-even the Gabf peace'
pro'clai'ms,' by his providence, 'To arinsq'
Then the sword is, as it were, eioneeereted
to God; and the art of 'Wer becomes a'pa'rt'
of our religion: Blessed is the `. brave':sol
dier ; blessed is the deft:ail. bilthis`-`chitn
try, and the' deStreyer bf its 'enemies."
So preached the Rev. Samuel Davies, of
Hanover Presbytery, Virginia, known as
President of the College of New-Jersey,
and admired, justly, by the
• Rev. Dr. Plum-
Or, as one of the greatest and best men that,
the Presbyterian Church has, ever had. He
preached it at a reerniting station in 1758,
to aid in the raising'of a company of volun
ieers. And he appeals to;men to bnlist,
a style thatishews -him not to have`.been so
sensitive; as some, are: now, about , the mix
ing of patriotisin with religion. "I • seri
ously,". he says, make the pioposal to you,
not only as the subject of. thubest of Kings,
(George II.,) and a friend., to your' emmtry,
but as a servant of the,most high God ; for,
I am fully persuaded; What I am recom
mending is his will; ; and disobedience to
it may exakse you to his curse Again,;
" O. for thlr all-rtrevailinefeieh of 'Dent*
thenes''oratdry-44ut 'Wish, that'
I may( correct , it----0 for:- the influence df
the Lord of armies, the God of betties, the
author of true courage and every herpic
virtue, to :fire you into iiitriOtienir soldiers
this moment l" - •
• :
NOV; surely we laire as goon?. Govern
ment-as that of Geergelhe'SeCond;•to
tend for; and as bad an etieniy•as the
French, ;and Indians to contend - against;
and ministers of the • Gospel not only have
the right, but are under obligation; to hon
or and aid their country Means in
their power:' The trink'of identifying - party'
politica with_patriotism•was ", played out&
by the demagogues before it was taken ,up, •
by the preaehers of dubious loyalty. If a
sheriff were resisted by a laWleas mob vin
the execution of a processi i ihe
lika any other 'good citizen, wiitild , The eft=
pectedle approve and-aid, if: need be; the--
action of the office. The contest . going: on
in our country an affair. of this sort pre
cisely. The magniinde,Of the affair does
not alter - its - natark. WhateVerideaS - We
have about the — Wars of tidtion with nation,'
no one can doubt thelawfdlnees add uced's- •
sity of supporting; government by the ad
ministration of laws.. But, combinations of,
wicked law-breakers, numbering tens and
hundreds of thousands, haireasSakiltedniir
Government With force and'aiiiis;
dealared informal terms their determirla-r?
tion to break it up. Already they have;
occasioned immense expenditures , of money,
and the loss of many thousands . of liVes.
Force must be met with'foree, and arms"
with arms. "The' Only alternative is the
loss of free gni7driFtheiat;'''tli - edala'riffae of
rights, and the endangering, if not the de
struction; of all: our ` interests. And in
view of the magnitude of this insurrection,
and its relatiOns - to human freedeiil and the
welfire of 'mankind; What "iiitriot;')Vrha l t" -
friend rof humanity; what - Ohriatian; - eau' ,
hesitate "to throw all his, strength , and in
thence on the side of his country Aho
is willingto encourage, even lip a criminal
sympathy, the destroyers of snob
timid as Otiri? If Vie'shoidd by
unforeseen and irredistiblacidattiity,it *ajar
an affliction to be mourned over inanguish,,
even though tears might be unavailing.
Should we lose them, after manful defence,,
after exhaiistitig all our inane bf iiiteaerira;* -
don, vre should, at 'least haVaburgaiiidntaL
tions blended-wit,h the "approving 'voice of
a good conscience. But if they are wrested:
from us by the boastful impodence of .a
thrice inferior power, aided by the trans
parent`hypodriay oftretiolleinualynipithii•f
era, the loss will •be -aggiavated - byPthe-:
conscious debasement of submission to ruin
at the hands of atrocious traitors.
This is nota war of nation , with nation.
It is a sectional insurrection of a part for
the overtlirdiv of the' Whole. - It is &mai- -
centiry and unsatiipiilous atfellipt " - to
jugate the: inany -, to the arbitrary will 'of t
the few. It is an 'ambitious and desperate •
- effort of pampered aristocrats to usurp and
subvert the free, Popular government. of..
the ciiiintiy. And our armiesiie tintleyed
on laWfut 'call' of Provided - de and'o
ernment, as'his institution, to prevent -We
stupendous iniquity and disaster. Our
brave people are facing danger, to secure ,
safety; are bearing hardships 418 the price
of eager:ire
whole. And every man, niiniatera
as others; Is bound'-to aid iwtheloly.WOrk;
Law-breakers must be punished, that ,peace
able citizens may enjoy life, l berty, and
the ptirsnit'ef haPpitiess: Rebellion must
be criishedP - to preserve free gtiVeinnienty
Usurpers' and , despots' must be destrOyed, •to'
secure the rights of freenien. These be-•
nevolent ends,, our noble army and navy
are destined to accomplish: True devo
tion followirtheit with its praYers, and Ye;
joicesin their'snotese,nand
-sufferings, 'And i the .ininititer. of tpeactria
in the direct line of lis - duty God : and,to
,man, when, in the present crisis, he says, like .
MOSES ) to the people around him; " Shall
your brethrengo to tilt'
here-?— , Numb. xxiii 6= - -.tir, roused- by
the imminent peril; he uses'the energetic
style of YEREMIAH, ‘,Oursed, be he that,
doeth the work ,Of the" Laid negligently;
and'eurged be" he .that 'lteePeth' back' his
'sword'from
For the Presbyterian Fanner
War Bermous:,
There are but few minister Lin our loyal
,and free Strtesmhose voices, have not, been
raised in, behalf of our ,bleeding country,
and fesiiivhdie muddy 'notions of religion
and . politicighaveeioldded` l her'imperibg
itit#AOttfteliMirmlftoAo"
EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENCE.
Popish Demotatralion Dubliii-Thc Catholic
Univereity-Archbishop Hughes and his Sermon
EditeUtion versus' Biyoti-y—Crime in
Ireland- 1 - Who is.the Abettor ?—.lfra. Oliphanea
Life of Irving—paulta and Nerds—Death of
the 'Aiehbialtop of Armagh-:'Like and Unlike—
Laud, Bfraffordi and Presbyterianism in Iriland
Who is to be the New Archbishop—Three emi
nent London Minister's Departed—Dr. Bethune--
Dead'upontheßield !"—The "Sleepr of God's
"Beloved"—Comfort for ,the Survioors=Post
,
8'6144
LONDOIc , ,TuIy 28, 1862
THE ROMISH BISHOPS IN IRELAND,
after having in 'vain employed deputations
to Lord Palmerston, to endeavor to wheedle
and coax hini to grant a, charter to their
newilnivetiity it Dublin hive been mak--
ing, on 'thelrit'day'of th ? e_present week, a
politiecil: demonstrition in the seine -direc
tion. , Assembling all the:" Trades Knionq,
Eraternitiy„ l „bringing into the
lost of hicust-Priests, sunimoning Roman
Cathelic and TOwneouricillorig et
h,Oc 9eitts iymie, they 'firat held a: public
service at Marlborough Street chapel; when
Dr. Hughes, of New-York, preached a ser-,
mon in
_which which he contrasted, the hedge
, schools of toyhooa's days, fifty years
ago, with the progress of education since.
:fle — fOrgcit; hoViever, to tell 'Or' 'recognize
how the , Protestant minority in - Ireland had
been the great stimulators of popular. en—
lightenmeet,and ,how, moreover, that Na,
tional System Or Education which was in
augurated bP'Englieh u iitatearnen More than
thirty' Yroafericgo; 'and steadily • maintained
by them, even since, against fierce zealots ins
.the,Establishment on the
,one hand, and
'Dr. McHale and his co-prelates on the
'other, had been the special source of the
spread of knowledge in the country: *Nci
what Hughes - anthill - his - Tarty - wanted was
to show that' theit•lought ;to' be a State
endowed 'University, which roust be eFelu
sive' into the hiretie may not come
vrh'ele tiler - dig to be ne neniMingling of "gen
erous- an& ungenerous youth, 'as' at> the:
Queen's Qollege;and as in measure also, at
Trinity . gollege, Dublin. Monasticism
mast direct the Univeraity ; , its stUdents, if
they are to helearned ‘ or sCieritific, must at
all events try their very best to realise
Medimvalisni,:.and to drink >in the Spirit
of a past Which never can be revived, as
well as to imbibe that intolerant bigotry
which has stained with the blood of earth's
noblest and the hands, Of the Mother
of Abominations; which
":Not all the-wafers of the Bea ineerxiadine"
dan-ever wash out.
-*After-maisland :the sermon,
nous processiorr wasnrranged, an& went in ,
lengthened' , acid - torttious - defile to a subur= .
ban field, where :the new " Catholiii , •thei;
versity": <is<-to !raise' its towers to heaven.
As a, 'politica - demonstration, 'this was la
failureas 'long 'at least as Palnierstoti is
Premier; and , Sir Robert Peel'is Secretary
foe - Ireland. It Will be a„,deep‘ diSgrace. if.
L~id`"Defb ands D'israeli coining into
offictsj-4-as• they!' may do ' within twelve
inotiths-the PopiSh faction should be
bribed and lied to - the chariot wheels nf
Toryisth; by the concession of a charter.'
Onuttirelielarid'iti rardpaiLt several
didtriets, but, Ito't in Proteetant counties.
Ribbeiiisin i , "the'Very ven'o'm'' and virus' of
whiehlih hatred' o and externeinetion of the
heretic; liahreS you knew lifted its
head once more in County ? Limerick, and
in)L'ongrdia . . also': In the latter county,
Mr: Thiebatilt;'hFrench'landed`propriefor,
was 'indfdefed. in open day. A taitrwas
'tried for the `crime and begnitted; and re
ceiVed 'by' the P8611111,' , as' an hero ;',and
'nod
what is 'Only to be'fourid `parilleled
Tlit(gSl tliecroWd lit; a 'bonfire on` the. Very
spot 'Whefe Thiebaillt bud 'Perished;-
datiCeor witlckaiageley around it ! One
conviction has been obtained—thee'of the'
ratirdefei-"of a - Mr.' FitSgefald ; hut as a
writer'puts it,. althOugh
seven pritlgte' gni fourteen Sisters of Mercy
attended hint: prison;` and tried to' pre , "
pare hint fOr''death;• they could - not soften
his heart." B'prd - fig ^on the' scaffold
with 4 -kind' ..ofenthusissm.und he' died
:not owningor lamenting his crime, or, ex
prelsing
,pity for the widowed wife and
tatherless children of his victim, but beast-,
ing that lie l haelnot turned " stag" or in
Tomer' on any • other' redlhanded
Such crime"is not' possible where the Bible
:and the Gospel purify_ public opinion, and
educate the public, conscience • thl_ guilt
'and sha m e be/ong to Rome. Where she
'hiS`Stipteiiie Sway, there thnpeasantri will
shield' the' Mureteeet, and • have'no tearia for.
thnmangled borpse , of the murdered.
' • A "LIFE ' . OI' , .EI4WARD IRVING," the ,
assistant o'f' Phaliners at St, John's, G 4. 87
H gnw, and afterwards minister of t!p.e ,
Scotch 'Church, Regent ,
Square,' has'
'been - vitittereliyMrs':Olitiliaiit; and his'
ened'gider al' interest-land-admiration.. " No
more enthralling or pathetic story is to be
found than in these volumes—nothing
more fitted, in ,its various interest, to stir,
to soothe; td 'ele.Vate, which We taktf);, with'
Pbet,lnbe'the , function of
lel 'noble and woith3r literature, abres!of late
been laid before the world" The4lasgow
...118 ., rning Journal, Thiel). thus ~pronounces
"on' the hook, hast
he following in reference
'to the theory that Irving was latterly iligah'e:
Irving inliiiTiernrilthelt s filiiiiitiOns, be
lieving inntieoniniculouts " giftsi?- refer-:
ently and awfully listening to balderdash as the
'authetitiii iffeereinie of lliellefrGlitist!, ie iderely
a naturaidevelopment, undei.special concurring
influettiftta e of the , boy whput . we found at Annan,
patting of his own grave. choice six miles to,
chUfeh ii,'Sulidity,` ' aniit A l little bind' of Pli
trittrait !aide*" and iftlirwlidi t : as a lad,' at
liaddinkll6l4 9 "
" some of his singular opinions-about the high
destinies of . the human race in heaven ;" nor can
It with any twouracy, be alleged that , he ,wes
earie'at one p eriod more than at another ~?drs.
Olinhait for - tiii moat part; and perhapti'Wisely;
has'obrtfitied herself 'to an exhibition of the man
as he appeared id the , verioue , stagee of his Ca
reer withot4 attempting much in the may of ex
positiop. or elueidation•of these in their relation
to each' &het' end' their b'earing upon the un
happy consummation. Not anywhere eitiber 7
raising herself with theory, she supplies us with
'a succestnoti of distinct 'and,' lively images;
, Irving is largely permitted to reveal himself, in
her pages, .threugh the medium of a serie s, of
lettere and i .journale, almost 'in:4mi in the 'aim
intiint*,' and ' transpaienby with' which
they reflect:the very 'heertjand inmost nature 'of
the man ;• and nothing is more striking than the
unity.,
r and self-consistency
,of the character
Itirmtchout.,and to the very end. What, looked
at from. Without, we may alloWably epeek" of as
aberksitovein Irving, may be seen with consider
able;cleartitisi ha the light Of these documents,
• exhibit the - process 'of hie inner naturc,
to assume ; ' the form of, logical development.
The phenomena, strange 'as they appear, are. in
a certain' sense explioable if we merely assuMe
the'onneuirmige'of - in ecstatic piety, and an
•dentandirregitler imagination, with an ambition;
'inordinate in its 'aims; but,• always pure, holy,
'and unkelfish—a general Unsettled, unhealthy,
sand Wild
state of the religious world, and
the Wild etiniulni of a 'sudden:, an
,4
sittinVlW°A.taiiiMr trtiqattiM
last influence 'must be largely taken ihto
account'; but, as we already intimated, we
utterly deny, that its effect Upon Irving was
of the vulgar kind, which it is frequently
assumed to have been. It is plain that the - sort
of furor he produced, and the idolatry with
which.he was regarded by a special circle of ad
tabors, in no long time infected IrVing' with' an
exaggerated estimate of his own importance;
but he took this unhappy infection,, not as, a
meaner man' Might have done, but after his own
grand mintier. A certaineelf-consequenee, rather
let us term it, a particular stately form of self-,
respect, based upon what was, after all, a „lust
consciousness of power, is from the' first. to be
traced in Irving. The, peculiar style of his
writings, in its pomp and, elaboration of struc
ture, modelled specially after that of . his early
favorite, Hooker, whoseaystem of balanced har
monies has not been quite , equalled by, any, sub
seqUent master of these'reore scientific forms of
English prose, in another man might have seemed
artificial and affected, but is felt, as adopted by.
:living, to have quite a physiognomieal
Oliphant, likh aArue vromitt, will
admit no fault in her hero and -therefore
deals severely with the London Presbyteryy,
for their putting Irving on his trial at
their bar; in reference to his teaching Of
the 'doetiines' and -his recognition of the
false and fanatical " gift• of Tongues,"
But what else could a Presbytery do ?
They, were firmlyconvinced that it was a
mischievous delusion and his teachings
about the " pecoability " of Christ's' hu ,
manityri was a 'heresy moat alarming. It
is impossible, however, to think- on - Irving
without reverence , and affection., There
was in him the mens divinior ,of" true
genius—his very appea.rance was at once
coninianding and strangely faieinating : his
parted, flowing locks; his partial, Whit
field-like obliquity of vision ; his majestic
reading—say of
. the 100th or the 46th
Fsalm ; his rolling periods ; his soletrin
objnitation of a Wicked'and cainal genera
tion ; 'his 'progikostie,ations of a retributive
future, charged with judicial tempest =
who that remembers seeing and hearing the
man, (as I did once, arid that when his in.
telleet' began to totter on its thrOile,) but
must ilkid'iriing as One of the 'most re:
markable'men of 'modern 'times -? '
ToCrOlt Thatisrourt; ArehbiSho of Ar
magh, has just passed away,tfull‘of years
and honors. Never was there a More,be
loved,. and , venerated prelate, in Ireland,
since the days Of the illustrious Uglier.
He was either wholly, or half a Puritan,
as was 'Usher, bat if he had lived 'in the
days oft Laud, rat Lambeth, and- of Earl:
Strafford, who, as Lord Lieutenant
,of Ire
land, ,cruelly expelled the early Presbyte
rian ministers from the Northern ,Parialtes
of Ireland, he would not bard 'eridorisedt
the savagery of these tiro vile oppressors,
whose day of retribution &Om' an indigk.
naut Parliament and Commonwealth came
on Tower, Hill, London, in, the irtexorable
fOrnis 'of the headsman and the bleak:
Doetor Beresfoird; I have seen ere now—
he was a Prince of the,,Chureli;E it the
nobility of his personal bearing, ;in the
rare union of dignity andpaildness r and in
the simplicity and purity „of unconscious
rank and influence--never haectto'oppress
his clergy;' or to vex •and' derionnee--as' his
predecessor' Stewart, and the' bigotted.Dr.r
Meat, .Bishop of Down and Connor had
done—the Presbyterians, of ,Ulster. His
chosen and favorite Chaplain at.Arniagh,
lived on the most ft:ieridly terms with the
Presbyterian miniitterii, 'and' there' was no
narrow coercion or exclusion of Presbyte
rian servants, because „that on the Lord's
day they preferred the forms of Worship
and service, adopted 'by 'the Chnrch of
their fathers. Dr. Beresfordfalso 'was' not
a violent partizan; of: the' enforced reading
of the Bible by Roman Catholics,,as re
quire(' of, all who attended the:, schools, of
the Church' EducationSoCiety. - In recent'
year's; backed by Jeseph Napier, the FEX.Y.
Lord Chancellor of Ireland, he adiised his
.clergy, when they were linable to raise suf
.ficient local funds to take advantage:of the,
help of the National Board.
Lord Palmerston will' find it a 'difficult'
.task to fill the see of Armagh. Doethr
Whately,'Archbish of Dublin, is a Whig,
And an Arnoldite. His family also are
most earnest Evangelicals ; but he is a
•man by himself; he dislikes the EVangeli
'Alliance, 'takes rio!part in Bible atm;
lation, - does not: encourage' as a rule' the
clergy who are -the hope of ,Ireland, be 7
cause they preach with fervor and „fullness,
the old Pauline Gospel. DOctor . Singer,
'Bishop of Meath, is the man' whe,,Of the'
clergymen' free from' S tate-pittonage; d
: have the suffrages of the -best' Of them.
After all, Lord.Carlisle's sympathies will be.
with Evangelism and the policy inangur
ated' by Sir Robert Peel—lTltramentarte
'and Protestant; and recently adopted=--iii
the wisest thing possible; politieally'speak=
Ling. The. Protestants' of the- Church of
Ireland; to do them justice, deprepate and
detest any coquetting by Derby and D'ls
reeli with 'the Pope's' Parlianiebtaryinyr-
I }lnedons, and their lack of sympatilyxivith
the cause of Liberal and free :Italy. ; Dr.
Beresfard MS in his ,89th year. ,
Three eminent Landon . Di§genting,m t n,
ater's' haVe lately'diedi one of a
`dear and' venerated -friend of inine,!.Dr:
John: LiefehildOninister of the, Congrega=
tional church at ,Craven Chapel—a pap,
who, for nearly half a century was a burn
ing and shining light, and who. both as a
pastbi and a pratielier; was a modet,_aridet=
eniplar. Doctor'`Liefehild had,' fee' soine
years :before his death, been living , in re=
tirement and yet almost to the last he was
actively engaged in, compiling what may he.
called Memoirs of his own nines. They
- --"tihen edited an l' to be %
racy and-full 'of interegtl giving glimpse§
of theinterior :of 'London religious life for
:forty years, eminently suggestive. Doctor
Campbell, editor of The British Stawilard,
speaks of the MS. in terrakif r glegn i g`adt .
nitration. ' •
The second alfalfa:my - ripe' atilliteadyttilro
has gone-to. his eternal , rostra/as 4 the.eftef.:
George Clayton, ; long. !hasty, sf the , ,,T.nds t
pen4ent Chapel at Walwofth r ioodon i He
was the sOn n o't `ii very
predec Essen'. • Of Rev.' Tlibinie BilineKBf tile r
Weierhhouse Chapel; CiiirJa-of• wheib
markable Bicentenary:Commemoration:Sett.
mon, in egnu . e4on with . his, predecessors,_
back io the days of the 4c ',
riStr l,j,ected," .. l_gave.
an a.bilfsia 'Some Months ago. .' Clay:
ton 'was' a' ate`inliorify - of iiiisl9'Weeii
Rowland of Burry'. ChaperMattliewr
of the 'Moorfield Taberoaole, and;
Doctor Alexander Wangh, of ,Welle
brother
. .J . ohie Clayton, who, anr
vivierbiter,iiner *ll6' 'Oigl4-three yeare
eld, he Vat the .possessor' of 'wealth assa
tereaeherle• was, (as hie - : brother: also) very
inatrrtstite,an_d impressive. .
delightful to think of the song li no faithful,
witnesieiVe.cglit,6ll4tNii
ind s tuPertife bEanslittfenrWirwiWoh
I=Mllll=l=
hE PRESBYTERIAN BANNER:
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REV. DAVID. MyKINNEV,
PROPRICTOR £l9 PD 181 M,
London has 'Mau blessed ever since the
Reformation. Many, very many families,
and individuals, coming up to the metrop
olis from cold, dead • parishes in rural dis
tricts, and settling there •for business pur
poses, have-Imre discovered "treasure hid
in the field," more precious than rubies,
gold or silver, and this, through the faith
ful and powerfully pre.ached Word of Life.
Merchants and men of business, too, who
are believers, and who•need special succors
under their multiplied and pressing en
gagements and cares, have always had the
privilege of being fed on the finest of the
Wheat, and led into abundant pastures.-
tiuch men were Liefchild, Clayton, and
very many more who rest from theiflabors
and their works do follow them.; such
Men are an unusually large number of min
isters and pastors who still labor in this vat'
field.
The third' ministerAitely.:.deceieed,. was
John Burnet, of-Acottish - blood and birth.
His native town;' as T iseeitained 'When
lately in That city, so beautiful in its river,
its " Juches," and in its surrounding hills
and mountains, including lovely Dunkeld,
once seen never to be forgotten, and close
at hand the bill and its trees, of which the
weird women spoke to Macbeth when they
said`:
" Fear not, till Bernam wood
Do come to Dunsinane."
Mr. Burnet was originally a soldier in
the British 'army, but by indomitable en
ergy, and something more than self-respect,'
(self-esteem,) the possessor of superior men-.
tal powers, a mind clear and fond of ratio-.
cination, and strong convictions as to
coe'tr"overted topics, he became first noted'
at Cork, in Ireland, and was afterwards
translated 'to South London. Here, for
thirty, years, he ,was,no Congregational pas
tor. He was very strong as a " voluntary"
in opPosition to Church Establishment&
He has also distinguished himself as a
Lecturer ' and instructively didactic as a
pastor. In public, and with persons not
knewing him intimately, he was somewhat
stern,in aspect; but he was greatly beloved
by his flock and intimate friends': It would
not'be consistent with the designs of the
Infinitely and Only Wise, the Church's
King and Head, that all is public serv
ants should be, as it were, of the same type
and mould. The best ages of the Church
have been Marked by striking varieties, if
not startling, contrasts. It was thus
, 0 among
the Apostles themselves—what a difference
between the Joving John and the bluff,
outspoken. Peter; ; and how different was
Paul frdni' both. So was it in regard to
the' Reformers; the Puritans of England as
well as-the Puritan Fathers of New-Eng
land,; isit in London at this hour; so
is it among yourselves in the United States.
Depend upon it, there is a deep-lying
brotherhood between the good, which the
irritationd'ef a war-period and mutual mis
understandings'(Which will and must be
cleared away ere long,) may seem to have
buried deep, to be seen no more. But it is
not so—the family of God is one—the min
isters, of Christ are in the one service.
Surely,,therefore, when any of them dies,
the survivors ought to feel even as the sur
vivors felt in that famous regiment in the
Thirty Yeats' War, Who kept on the mus
ter-roll did. names ' of the officers or men
who hid fallen, so that each day when the
roll was called, at the mention of each
slain mares name, the whole regiment sur
viving might hear the solemnizing, yet
rousing, quickening response, ¶'Vead upon
the" field r 'Tis thus I myself have felt
in hearing of the death, at Florence, of
your- excellent Dr. Bethune—the
grandson of " Mrs. Isabella Graham "
whose Memoirs, have been read by multi
tudes of God' t s people, and whose name and
labors,in &ew-York were familiar to myself
since childhood. Therefore let us not for
get the dead; neither let us, the living,
" fall out by the way," nor yet cease to toil
on; till the signal comes for rest 'and
sleep:" And thus I quote from Eliza
beth Barret Browning, 'words ' Which may
not' only comfort the survivors of faithful
fellowAabbieri;.bialsome also--fathers and
mothers, sisters and brothers,- who have
lost their 'bravest and best in the battle
strife, 'but who mourn with a mitigated
woe; because they have reason to believe
that the grave of the patriot soldier is that
alinof a soldier of 'Christ; who first 'of all
had enlisted'under the banner of 'the Uross,
' and had waged relentless war against Satan,
' the world, and Himself:
Of all the thoughts of God'that are
Bourn inward into Soule afar— .
Along the Psalmist's music deep ;
Now tell me, if there any is,
For gift or grace, Surpassing
giVith his beloved skep ?'
es What. would we give to our beloved?
, - 'The hero's leart , tO be uninoved,
' ;; The.po,sCs star-tuned harp to sweep,
The patriot's voice to teach and rouse,
"The mthilticlili j erown to light the browi?
'Re giveth his beloved sleep.'
•• •
" For me, wiy.heart that,erst.did 40,
Moht like a tired Child', liei'shiair,
That.eees through tears the mummer's leap,
Would nowweanevision cl ose,
•
• Would•child:lkke op His love reposh,
Who 'giveth his beloved sleep.'
"And friends, dear friends, when'it shill be,
That this lor breath is gone from me.
) And round my bier ye come to weep,
Let one, 'most leiring of . you all;
Say tear mast• o'er her fall;
• 'Be giveth his beloved sleep.' "
lasi improved, but
`it is not §ottled, and weeie likely to haie
"a latj and insufficient harvest.'
The_ Queen and her childreen have gone
.back, for entiirmth's sojourn, to Balmoral
in the 'Highlands: Her married daughter,
with her worthy husband, have received an
en thtiiiistin reafition. at Dar hittidt, his rii4
tive plaeet
The International Exhibition has a daily
at naanee (Op.shilling days) f about
t ''OeersiilAces of resort are thionged;
and etre'iti:thimselveti i sped-
Annie, as to the motley-44 1 rIbbltiiiidtttotea'
"visit' re: . . •
There have -beep . topreiinoendiary fires in
F ; ~nseia .. .Poland it . to i have a separate a4i
minideraiion, and is to wear a pike less
"Imp. , :
. 1 ' la Holland, the union of Church and
rlttateibo. far,-at • least, as •tenciporal eontrol'
e,:aver,Ate chnrch is concerned; is dissolved.
a pifterlnly, 14?, the Ministries of Pro
testiidaid worship - were to be
suppressed. :There will be grants to a car
tain number of Pastorates of each denomi.. l
, Lnation, but the State 'will no longer talt4
..,eognizance' of tlieir internal condition,
„This will . secire,to or:tve . 01iur,ohi t sieptiie
eligio&Uv i tjand n'honor to the cowl
try of "•iiaft" .! of -Orange.
J. W.