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REV. DAVID M'KINNEY,
'"Man goeth forth unto his work, and to his
labgr, until the evening."—Ps. Cite : 23.
The stream is calmest when it nears the tide,
And flowers are sweetest at the eventide,
And birds most plume' at close of day,
And saints divNeet when they plias sway. •
Morning is lovely, but a holier charm
Lies foldAlietre in Evening's robe of balm;
And weak" man must ever love her best,
For Morning calls to toil, but. Night brings rest
She comes from Heaven, atid on her wings doth
A holy fragrance, like the breath of prayer;
Footsteps of . angels follow in her trace,
To shut the weary eyes of Day in peace.
All things are hushed before her, as she thrown
O'er earth and sky her mantle of repose ;
There is a oalia;`a beauty, and n power,
That Morning knows not,.in the Evening hour.
4, Until the evening" we must weep and toil,
Plough life's stern furrows, dig the weedy soil,
Tread with sad feet our rough and thorny way,
And bear the heat and burden of the day.
Oh I when our sun is setting, may we glide,
Like Summer evening, , down the golden tide;
And leave behind us, as we pass away,
Sweet, starry twilight round our sleeping olay:1
Our Country Calls,
The following eloquent Address was de
livered from the stand at the late Mass
Meeting in Allegheny City, by Rev. SAM
UEL J. WnsoN, D.D. Dr. WILSON favored
us with a copy at our earnest request, for
tified by the request .of others. It is the
heart's utterance of the Patriot and Chris
FELLOWCITIZENS :-I am a minister of
the Gospel. I am no politician. If I
looked upon this struggle as a mere politi
cal issue, I should not be here; but I con
sider. it as high above mere party politics
as the heavens are higher than the earth.
My allegiance is first to my God, next to
Is this issue worth all that it is costing
us in blood and treasure, I solemnly be
lieve it is.
In the balance over against the interests
at stake, money is lighter than a moth
eaten feather; Let debt come. Out of
the vital energy of your sinewy arms,
Farmers and Mechanics, you will pay it.
Let every acre in our farms, and every
stone and brick in our houses be mortgaged.
We will pay the debt, or we will bear it
without a murmur, and when we die we
will roll it over on our children who will
be worse than craven if they do not assume
it cheerfully and bear it bravely.
To estimate this issue in dollars and
cents, would be as monstrous as it would
be to barter away a mother's love for husks
that the swine do eat, or as it would. be to
trade and traffic in the affections of a wife
or of a daughter. Gold is trash, silver is
dirt, real estate is dung, when once thrown
into the scales against an undiVided C 0147 1-
try, an unsullied national honor, an un
stained and an untorn national flag.
But is it worth the blood, the tears, the
agony,, the maimed bodies, the broken
hearts that it is costing us ?
Yes! and u thousand times more thrice
told. There are worse things than death,
or bloodshed, or war. Cowardice is . worse.
Dishonor is infinitely worse. Let blood
flow until it reaches- the throat-latches of
the- horses, rather. , than have one star ,
plucked from the galaxy of States—rather
than have one,inch of American soil alien
ated from the Constitutiondwhieh our fa,
there gave us.
Let no man "lay to his soul the flatter
ing unction," that khere can ever be two
peaceful.republios on this continent. In
the language -of Holy writ, Say ye not a
Confederacy. , We had better fight it oat
now than have incessant and interminable
war hereafter. Secession consummated is
the infernal Pandora. 13= from which will
.issue'all imaginable and monstrous politi
cal evils for us and for our children, and
for the world. Let one rod of American
soil - be wrested by 'force from the jurisdic
tion of the United States, and we may as
well tear:our flag to ribbons and sell it for
-rags. We may as well take the parobment
on which the Constitution is written, and
make lighting:papers 'of it. That proud
banner would then no longer float on every
sea and on every: shore, the unchallenged
emblem of republicanism triuraphant ; but
it would be jeered aiby every 'despot and
aristocrat on earth as the tattered! despica
ble symbol of the utter -,failure of popular
The hour we fail in this struggle, the
sun goes back fifteen degrees; on the 'dial.
Men of renusylvania ! shall it be so? "
No! over the-smoking blood ofltippey and.
of Black, swear to-day that it shall mover
be as long as there is in Alleghenroounty
a man to ram home a cartridge, fix "a bay
onet or pull a trigger.
if it must be so, let this land be deluged
with blood. Oat of that red and clotted
ocean, civil liberty will arise regenerated.
and purified and resplendent as Minerva
leaped in full .panoply ...from the brain of
There is no election left us in this mato
tar. The bloody issue has-been forced up- ,
on us, and we 'must meet it manfully, or
lie down like whining spaniels at the feet
of a treason-dyed aristooracy. Are ye
ready for-that, ye sons-of Benjamin Frank
We gall` Heaven to witness that the loyal
peoplili..44 this country desired not blood.
To a man they were for peace. While you- ,
were going, on with your,. farming, your,
merchandise and your meehanie arts, per
jured traitors were• secretly plotting the-de
struction of the beat Government on earth.
The conduct was so atrocious that you
would nett—lon could not believe it.
While you mere at home quietly pursuing
your peaoeful callings, these perjured
traitors were, rifling our arsenals,; drilling
soldiers and '..fiven training their galls ,on
the fiag,staff,:of Sumpter. Still yowooald
not oredit the novelty.
At last came- the consummation of-the
blackest villainy, perfidy and treason,. in
the records of all time.. Men who all their
lives had-been dandled and fondled by the
most indulgent Gevernraent in the world,
deliberately shot down the Stars and Stripes
shouting and 'oheering as they fell. The
heroic Anderson and his gallant band left
the hot and smothering walls of Sumpter,,
carrying with them their colors riddled
with rebel shot. Then you and I, and all
of us startte frOln-Olir
VOL. X., NO. 47.
Pennsylvanians ! will ye ever sleep more
until that outraged flag shall float again on
Sumpter, and over every nook and corner
from which treason, for a time, has
The leaders of the rebellion have, of
late, a very pious horror of blood-shed.
But we all know perfectly well that there
was scarcely any other word in their vocab
ulary but .blood until the spirit of the
North awoke. Their horror of war and
their let-us-alone policy were developed si
multaneously by the 44 uprising of a Great
People." - Mrs. Jeff. DeviS had engaged a
cookfor the White House. Virigfall was to
have been dashing up Chestnut Street,
Philadelphia, on Ills prancing charger, last
Jane one year-ago.
Their meekness of spirit was induced by
the determination and the sublime battle
cry of the united North : and if ever that
meekness of Spirit is to return to them, it
will be through the same determination and,
the same battle-cry.
In the sight of high heaven we protest
that the loyal people of this nation are not
responsible for this bloodshed. Upon the
heads and souls of the febels' will cling.
with damning tenacity every drop of blood
shod in this struggle. They would have it
so, and now that the issue is fairly made,
let us not' shrink from meeting it. We
must meet blood with blood—steel with
Never did a Government bear so much
from impertinent traitors as this Govern
meet' bore. The sword of retribution slept ,
to long, but now that it has leaped'
from its scabbard, never- let it again be
sheathed until the very odor of treason is
purged from the land.
Witlt you, FelloW-Oitizens, rests the set
tlement of this contest. Let the people rise
in theirimajesty and will it, and in less ,
than six .months treason will be crushed
into the earth so deep, that the trumpet of.
the last judgment w 11 not awaken it.
0! that we could feel our responsibility!'
0 t that..we could, for once;: get to the, top
of ,our high privileges!
Never have such responsibilities been
rolled upon a nation as those that rest upon
us in this crisis- '
and the priiilege is equal
to the resposibility. But one'such oppor
tunity has occurred in the history of the.
world as that which is now offered to us.
To you, Fellow-citizens, are committed
the interests df civil liberty and the desti
nies of popular government throughout the
world and for all time. Dare you prove re
creant to the high trust? It may be that this
generation it is to be made, a vicarious sac
rifice for posterity. No higher honor could .
be put upon it. Let the slorifice be made.
The eyes of the world are 'Upon us. The
fate of unborn millions is involved in onr
conduct. Never did such incentives spur
a nation to action. It we falter—if we,
balk—then henceforth let " Ichabod—the
glory is departed "—be written on thefore
head of every man-child Vern in the North.
There is no use in disguising the fact: a
perilous, a momentous crisis is upon us.
The hour is bie , b with the fate of the Re
public. "It is high time to awake out of
sleep." The rebels tat in awful earnest.
Their leaders are fighting 'With halters
about •their necks, and of 'course they will
fight desperately. They will scruple at no
means. The life of a murlsill is nothing
to them. They will slaUghter their men
like sheep for the shambles Action,
prompt, resistless action, is' the demon& of
the hour. This we must 'have, or all is
lost. Let no man lay his.head on his pil
low to-night, until his name is on the roll
of his country's defenders, or until he hai
rendered to his conscience a good reason
why his name should not= be there. Don't
wait, o , cure your • hay or 'bind your oats.
Your; country is more to !you. than meat.
andthat country may be ruined beyond re
demption before your harveSt is gathered
into your barns.
Men of the North ! awake ! arise I
arouse The reveille of liberty is beating !
tip ! up ! and to arms - Rally to the
" Stay not for questions while-freedom , stands
Wait not till boner lies wrapped in his pall ;
Brief the lips' parting be, swift the hands
4 Off for the wars,' is enough , for them all."
The issue is clearly, sharply defined.
We must achieve by force the permanence
of this Government, or go to our graVes
dishonored, and bequeath to our children
and our children's children a heritage of
taunts and sneers. We must accept the
alternative. Alleghenians! what say you?
Shall your country cry to you for help, and
cry in vain? What is a man's convenience,
what a Mart's life, in a contest,likc this!
, g In the God of battles trust !
Die we may, and die we must;.
But 0 I where can dust to dust
Be consigned so well, •
As where heaven-ifs dews shall shed
On the martyred patriot's bed?"
Fall in , I fall - in !, ry,)brsare - Pennsylva
nians! To the rescue ofit*old.ftag 1 Lib
erty on her beaded knead with stream
ing eyes implores your Take a solemn
vow today that your life shall be at the
service of your country until our :eagles
Shall again sweep in triumph.over every
acre of American soil. Never had brave
men so, ,Many incentives to heroic. deeds.
Treason,* to be punished, blood is to be
avenged, - wrongs are to be righted,.,a coun
try* to be saved. Strike ! then
Strike till the last armed foe expires;
Strike! for your.nitara and lour fires;
Strike ! for the green graves Of your sires,
`hod "and your native land.
Strike/ for tyrants fall in every foe ;
STRIKE 1. for Liberty's in every blow;
Fonivs.un ! let us do or .die."
For the Prespyterian Benner:,
MY DEAR G ask anirnpossi—
bility : I cannot, and no other man can,
give you a good reason for the backward.
ness of many of our people in the exercises
of social worship. I could live reasons,
but not glod ones—not such as will satisfy
an enlightened conscience.. The fact is,
alas! too plain : if you ask
of the Church to lead in prayer r in one of
your social'meetings, they hewn:le'
. - tan distressedw so •that • theyr,cau ,
hardly get words to. decline, much basalt°
comply. It is , not so on any other °wa
gon ; they can speak• freely, intelligently,
agreeably; can give an opinion of the last
book they have read; can narate little his
tories; can rally a friend, or enliven a com
pany with humor. But when invited, or
even when 'attempting, to pray, there is
often an ,embarrassment that produceshesi
tench and stammering, and reiteration,
that quite suprises one. Some members of
~ge tb praxeak elitting, With the,
understanding. that they are not Ito be
" called upon " to lead. Indeed, I have
often heard the effort and the exercise
called the " taking up-of the cross." Why
it should be so designated, and why pe,r
sons accustomed to pray at all should , be so
exceedingly agitated in leading the devo
tions of a social circle, is not, .I confess,
I will not deny, since you affirm it, though
I still doubt its correctness, that the, Meth
odists are in advance of us in this respect.
I can by no means. admit, that. Presbyteri
ans are inferior tothem in intelligence or
piety; or that they fall - behind' them in the
capabilities of connected thought and ex
pression. Early custom, I imagine, has a
good deal to.do with the state. of things r in
.both denominations: Our •custran is, not•
to call upon young members' of the church'
to lead the devotions of the prayer-meeting.
The elders, or some of the more-aged,aml
prominent members, are called to perform
this duty. Others- are-accustomett-to at
tend, week by week and year after year;
and being never &Skid. to 'lead, their capa
bility for doing it in an edifying, manner is
not known to-others or to themselves. - By
the omission too, they , are prevented from
acquiring the facility and-.the a habit; and, ,
worse than that, perhaps their feeling of
obligation to do it may be impaired. Hence
it happens that many members. Of the
Church, otundoubted piety, and enjoying
regularly the social exercises of the prayer
meeting, have never been heard to utter
one devotional sentence, or been •known to
rise in the midst of their brethren and say,
Let us pray. This is my way of account
ing for the delinquency to which you refer.
It does not, however, excuse the delin
quents. All members of the Church should
be able to pray audibly and acceptably in
, the social prayer-Meeting. And they would
be so, if they were properly encouraged in
the exercise when they first join the Church.
The ministers and* elders are at fault, in
'some considerable measure, with regard to
this real and lamentable delinquency. I
have known one church—there may be
many more—in which every male Member
would lead the devotions of a company'of
worshippers, whenever invited to do so,
and would.* it in a heceming and edifying
manner. ; The. facts connected with this
case, confir&hry theory concerning our ad
mitted shortcoming. ' The pastor and Ses
sion of that, church inculcated the duty
explicitly on the members of the church;
and informed applicants for admission
that it would be expected of them to as•
sist, in this way, in the prayer-meetingS,
as well as to pray in theil• families. They
were accordingly invited' in their turn
with others, the habit was• soon and pleas
antly established, and there was no taking
up of the cross in this, any more that in
any other otees of the Christian life.
The difficulty that some, more than
others, feel in giving utterance to their de
sires and feelings in prayer, arises, in some
measure, from mistaken .impressions with
regard to the nature of the exercise. Elo
quent expressions and rhetorical beauties
are not at all necessary in prayer, to make
it acCeptable to God or useful to ourselves
or to•others. The simple, earnest outpour
ing of the heart's desires, gratitude and
adorations to God, is the real prayer.
see ,no valid objection to a person's
thinking over, beforehand, what confessions
of sin he is to make, what' petitions he is
to present, what thanksgivings he is to
offer. I would recommend him to do so;
not in studied forms or words, but in,
the thoughts and feelings of devotion. Let
him consider that he is speaking to God
and not to men. Let him devoutly study
the Scripture expressions .of prayer,-and im
bibe their simplicity„ . their earnestness, : ,
their spirit. Let him pray much in secret,
and in an audible utterance, for the ear
tryeth words. I would not iffilse him 'to
take any man's prayers as his `model; or to
adopt any fixe'd.forna of words; or to aim at
eloquence or beauty in his utterances. ; The
Scripture prayers and expressions of devo
tion are''` simple, direct, varied and brief.
In prayers of this sort, it is not diffiCillt for
a Christian to lead, and it is easy and de
lightful, to him, to follow. J.F.M.
For the Presbyterian Thinner
LAURETTE, July 14,-1862
Ma. EDITOR :—Though I am separated
from you by a distance of nearly 2,000
miles, and situated away upon the top of
the Rocky M'untains, in the midst of 'a
scenery grand and sublime, , yet when I be
gm to write - • for the Banner, the recollec
tions of home and the _past rush upon me
To think of happy seasons enjoyed in
Old Slippery Rock, and other congrega
tions, is still refreshing.
have been here over two months, and
of all the sights in the world; the Rocky
blountains present one of the most. grand.
Their length, width, height, variegated
surface, deep ravines, craggy cliffs, snow,
clad, towering peaks and lofty heights, all
tend to fill the reflecting mind with rever
ence and awe. They now abound - with
most beautiful flowers. The fragrant flow
er ;„ the tall, slender pine; ; the green grass.;'
the rippling stream and gushing fountain,
all combine to attract and deeply interest
the admirer of beauty and nature. They
are . fall of • a great variety-of me tals,'. espe=
daily gold and silver. They are divided
into ,Rangear-first; the Black Hills; then
two or three Snowy Ranges. To contem
plate their vastness, age, origin and stabil
ity, tends to impress inert' with hiaown in;
significance and the greatness of God:.
Then they abound with such romantic,
beautiful scenery.. . The wisdom, •goodness
majesty and power of , God shines,. forth
.froin every peak, gulch, cliff,' brook and
fountain. Yon eair See beauty; sublimity
and-Deity spread outalloverthem. They
spea.k•volumes of 'Divinity. ,A.nd if the
half-fledged Theologian will come out and
see them, and study them thoroughly, he
will' learn a very profitable lesson. To See
theta- is worth' a' trip across= a continent.
And not only does the exterior of themzfill
theßeye vvith .beantyi"and, r the alind,witht
wonder, but. inwardly they contain a world
of beauty and curiosity, exhibited in crys
tals., quartr,Aninerals and precious stones:
The anew ; the rank,greenziass • and the..
fresh, fragrant, most beautiful -fower, all.
on -the same square rod, forma striking,
contrast, and an interesting sight. Many,
places we canpluck fine flowers with one
hand, and make snow-balls with the other.
I have seen beautiful flowers growing right
up through the-snow. If you, Mr. Editor,
or a citizen of New-York, could only get
..intb a liallnun anal Vta.tetirtb, itte 40p .df:
PITTSBURGE SATURDAY, AUGUST 9, 1862 WHOLE NO. 515.
Pike's Peak, and view the beauty, grandeur
and sublimity of the scenery all around, you
would be filled with wonder and surprige.
I like the Rocky Mountains, and never tire
In these mountains we labor under great
disadvantages for the want of churches.
Last Fall they built log-hearts here, set
them on fire and worshipped by the light. ,
in the open night air. Large crowds as- ',
sembled round to -hear. This iwatill a eus- I
torn in places. But now we" have .rather
comfortable houses to worship in at this
place. Last Sabbath we transformed a
lately vacated gambling and • drinking Sa
loon into a place of worship; =idlest night
we had far the largest congregation. I - have
ever -seen in this place. We hads a very
good,• attendance when we first °kiw i here,
nearly three months ago, but it was about
twice as large last evening. Our meeting
broke up the Sabi ith evening auction. At
the hour appointed we sounded , the trump - et,
and the auctioneer rang his bell loud .arid
long,bnt on finding nobody carire,lie and
his customers all,came to, chure Thank
God, this is as it should be. Th An:se6
we got ahead of the devil once, e' milidi
Rocky . Mountains. We' had to4rcarry in
several More.seats,and after all tere com
fortably seated,., we preached. a *mon to .
the young men on-" Sowing and Bieapine
—text: "Whatsoever a man - -4eth, that
shall he slim reap." The ;peel tol
etnn and interesting, and I trill de.
When we thus see saloons beet ;es
of prayer and filled with, atten J TS,
we desire to "thank God an, nir
age." The Lord grant that Tay
upon the topof the back-bone
right beneath the shade of loft, lgY
peaks, we may boon• enjoy. a .te, re
freshing!' . •
Yours truly, It 84 , 13.
P. S.—July 18.—The rainy hasse!isoti , ,
set in, and we usually have showers every
afternoon. Day before yesterday 'we had a
heavy storm of hail 'and snow. The green
grass up, the gulch is now white wl . th.stiow.
The weather is , cool and pleasant.,iNights
quite cool and very good for sleeping,. 'The
air is very light, making it difficult 'to walk
up hill, 'sing or speak with ease, like we
can in the valley:
Our town still improving, and mining
prospects are encouraging. The whack-e-,
to-whack of the ponderous stamps, crushing
the flinty quartz, (from which is obtained
the much sought for precious .metal;)' are .
heard day and , night-. r
Edinburgh Re-visited--The Old and the Neu , Impres
sions and , Scenea 2 -ITite Ragged School . 'Matching
Rigiment--Scripturat Education and indus,try--
Visit to the Training School for he
, Grange Cmdory—The Illustrious Dead---Ohal
mers, Mackintosh, Cunningham, Miller, Agnew—
An Pastor and a Pilgrim's "'Burying
Place" Roinieh, GraiPPs." Times' " Dorris=
pendent and ,Slavery--Abolition—State of. Feel-,
ing—The Weather—American Farmers and Sup
plies for England-Religious Mo'vetrienti in Edin
burgh—Public .Morals--Antagonis.—Ditivitur t e :
—Dr. Fianna' s -New Volume.
FROM " Aim) RaFam," from Edin
burgh, whiali Walter Scott, born here,
might well call " harm own romantic toWn;"
seated •in the room of a publishing, hoime
which looks out upon the High Street, up
and down which—the ten-storied houses on
either side tenanted by myriad on-lookers--
many a Reyal and military procession has
passed, including. that , of " Prince Char
lie," after the battle of Preston Pans,- and
earlier still, the Queen Regent of Scotland •
land Mary her, beautiful d,a,ughter—here it
is that'l begin, - at 144; My_present letter._
And - surely there is no capital' in Europe,
no eity . in allthe world, to be compared for
one moment :to metropOlis of Scotland.
'Here 'historic .
spots with their memories';
stir the blood--:4he Castle on the' Rock,
Grey Friars Church-yard, where the Lords
of the Congregation signed the ,first dov-,
enact; some of them with their own blood,
the veins opened for the purpose ; the
'graves of the martyr's ihere, the Grass'
Market, where perished so many martyrs
for " Christ's crown and covenant," in the'
dark days of the second - James—the seene •
of the Porteous Riots'; the Canongate,'
Holyrood; Mary's Chapel, the Queen's - bed:
room and .anteehanaber, penetrated by the'
conspirators, and Rezzio's blood :still (ap
parently) staining the polished floor onthe
outer landing—all these, with the glo
nous view of mountain, '. tower" and
town, of the Frith of Forth, of' Inch'
Keep Isle; of the' shores of Fife, of the
battle-fields of Purkie and Preston Pans;
Southward. But now' bring the eye to rest
on the city once more; the spire of St..
'church, from whose Southern
door poured forth the noble hand of the -
Disruption,' headed by Wel& and Chal
mers, on that never-to-be-forgOtten May-day
in 1843—which spectacle, it is„said, wit
nessed by Lord Robertson, the 't' Moderate"
Elder and Judge, and by Lord 'Jeffrey, of
Edinburgh Review and literary' fame drew
from the' cold,'worldly heart of the' first,
the exclamation,'" Fools! focils!" and from
the other the burst of . tearful adtairation
and the cry, " Thank God, for old Scot
land; no other country could furnish such..
a sight! of Calton Hill and its monu
went; or. Prince's Street and the gardens'
in the hollow beneath; of the Royal Insti
.tution and National Gallery; of • churches
and spires, not forgetting that on the High
Street, . where Jenny' .Geddes threw - the
stool at the head of Laud's deputy; au'
Episcopal Dean; 'with the 'words,'" Wad ye
isay mass at my lug ?" of the' Moline en.
I :which grandly rise the towers' of the' Free
Church' College, , .. with 'the' Free High
church 'itself at the Sonthern Side, inoorl
'Porated with , the building . ; of the'Estae;
"lisped Assembly Hall,'graceful in'its spire,
.beautiful in its architecture, but as to
..acoustios, the worst possible - in its interior'
arrang,ementb—of these, cannotspeak
On entering Edinburgh, a few days ,ago;
I felt. something - of that exhiletatiori and
admiration which sopowerfully affected - illy
mind, 'When; as strident, I caught' the
first =sight of .itEr'spiree - and 'Cantle in the
distance, anialsci, , when there; at' nightfall
I looked, out from the windows of Prineees
'Street hotel at the lofty hnusee of the old
.town, in , dark and grand - relief againet 'the
,Western 'heavens. One Bight last Saturday
arrested me. It was not the' march 'of
kilted Highlanders, nor of Edinburgh Vol
unteers, but of (I cannot'say a " Ragged
Regiment,") seventy boys ,of the Original
Ragged Schools of Edinburgh, fed, clothed,
educated in the Holy Scriptures without
work above the School and Refuge door
way—a protest against the Roman Bishop
Gißiers and his Biberal" supporters, who
would shut out the unadulterated Bible.
Fine little' fellows theY are! ruddy and
strong, and all saved, humanly speaking,
from destruction, and, as former wild Arabs
of the city, made a blessina instead of a
curse to the country. Shoemakers, tailors,
carpentera, are here trained up.
In addition to this, there are Industrial
Schools about two miles East of Edinburgh,
at Marionville House, where about fifty,
- who otherwise Would have been graduates
in crime, are admirably cared for and edu
*ed. The following tables are inter
TABLE SHOWING THIS OCCUPATIONS OF. THOSE WHO
Bookbinder - . 1
confectioner - '. 1
darfy . forward 9 I
Dot4eatio Beiwants .;
ATote.—The number sent. out to situations since
the commencement of the Instittition is now 604.
ORARAOTNII. OR . PARENTS. - .
4 Boys. Girls. Infants. Total.
Mbthers- 42 • 22 22 88
Motherless, with druilken•
fathers 10 l4 9• > _33
BOth . parents worthiess`..:32* 29 44 105
Believed to be children of - •
thieves 12 ,8 10 ; 30
Who haii?..been 7 5 30
, Who have been in 1 - . 5
7' I Vi r tlet r 'haVe been . '
Wito were' homeless, and
- litd,ged .....88 26 'lO •74
.Fathers ,detitiried ...16 15 2O . 51
Pirtads , iroili 'dead . 6 1 -- 7
phildten knw's; , n to be
Lodged in consequence of
irorthlessness of parents. 33 12
There are also girls' schools elsewhere,
training them for service, instructing them
in washinc , cooking;:&c.
I was present on: the .Annual &amine
tion day.; two clergymen , were , there: The
Governor mainly 'conducted. the proceed
ings; and• the aspect of the boys , was the
most cheering possible. The Matron is
the only female in the establishment. The
fa& keepitin admirable order. There is
a division of.labor--cook,lbousekeeper, &c.;
and outside is auctble garden of nearly five
acresorielding large supplies of vegetables
and. fruit; as 'the' - result of industry.
these boys are intended for gardeners.;
prizes are given to those who excel, and a
master gardener, who was inspecting their
plots ; told me that he had taken one of the
'boys as an apprentice, and that he gave
A PILGRIMAGE 'to the Grange Cemetery
on the Southern side of the well known
meadows' ) of:Edinburgh, was made by
me on Monday. morniog. It is indeed hal
fow*, ground. Here repoie the ashes nit
that illuitriciuS dead. The green' turf
alone covers - them ; ihe flowers of Spring
and Summer : . breathe their fragrance
over them. Along the great Northern
Wall stand a range, of granite monuments;
beneath in sucee,ssion, lie the great and
crodd: Not a word of eulog,y; their names
are .their memorial to all time. Thus it
is with the tombs of Hugh Miller, "Died
24th December, 1856, Aged 54 years ;" so
that for Thomas Chalmers— " Born Au
gust 17th, 1780; Died May 31, 1847."
On the other side of the gravel-walk lies
" The - Earnest Student,' (.indicated in his
Bi ography.by, Dr. NormanMeLeod,) "John
Mackintosh, bord 9th . January 1822 • died
at Camstatt in Germany, 11th March, 1857,
.and bfiried at his earnest request, near the
`grave of Chalmers; Ilia revered instructor.
An iexamPle .to the .believers, in conversa
Principal Cunningham .sleeps very near
to the grave just mentioned, side by side
also with - a mother who' lived to be 88 years
old; While he, her - sbn, great- in intellect
and in stature too, fell the victim of .over
work and anxiety, at 56 or •57. The soft,
green turf alone covers him at present ;
by `and by, not over him, but shadowing
"the head of his grave, will rise a granite
stone; with''subliroe siniplicity.telling: his
namwand age. Aught elseor more would
be an.impertinence and mistake.
Two other graves I must not pass:by—
firsV, that of Sir Andrew Agnew, the
- charepion of the Sabbath - cause in the
British' Parliament, beatin'ethe cross there.
for the cause, with more than Knightly
valor, and braving, ridicul", which, to a.
sensative—apiriti is. worse- than la= drawn
sword; here he sleeps , lsweetly, and over
his head on the granite column, in the
wall, are his name '& - di age, and the-sugges
tive' words, " REMEMBER: THE SABBATH
PAX; TO. KEEP , SOLY!!'
The second tomb is „that of Graham
Spiers, Advocate and Sheriff, the friend of
Chalmers, an earnest - gider, whose rneind
ry is, and' will 'Always be; associated- with ,
&arising tide .'of. Evangelism . in the Na
tional Church, and with-Disruption Times,
a polished- Christian ,gentleman,; courteous
and mild, yet nobly , firm and true—" to
God and 'his own conscience clear."
July 8, 1862
Bat 'I have yet, another to' mention; it
is the' tomb ,of young, American min ister‘,
who came - to: Europe ,and Edinburgh, in
search of health, and here received the
sudden summons to die, and departed,
calmly smiling, surrounded by some Scot
tishfriends newiformedlo the homeabove.
Very touching d t is to read' the inscription
" Rev. I. Calvin McNal ; born Feb. 22d;
1823, in North ,Oaroline, 'United States ;-
died January 19th, 1858. 4 I am a strait
geri - sejourner with you ;- give melt
posseseion — cif a , burying , place with you.
There-areisome graves evidentlylof Ro
man Catholies, with ,=crosses above, and in
one case with a French " immortelle "
wreath hung upon the cross. One of them
seems," from the inicription, to be the grave
of a iiiother:Abbeswof.an Edinburgh Con-
A.o.La Memoire de notre , TMere,
:Row.:l3arront, M.orte VII., ;Dec., 1857."
`‘‘ I know that my ; Redeemer liveth," is the
inscription on one 'Lowish tomb. There
uo - triice of liatiolatry on any tomb, and
THE Ahotrrioir cm' SLAVEiii" i n the
District of ColUmbiaosuggests the -follow
incr lefiections. to the Times' . corresponden:t
at Washington, June 20
The: abolition 'of ~slavery in the District of
Columbia was until Tuesday last the greatest
vietorYaohieved 'by'-the Federal Power. It was
an aot that, ifbrougbt forward ,and supported by,
the titrvisrnment before ,the 'war, wakittlaife-firsd
HAVE GOT EMPLOYMENT,
Brouilit' forward.. 9
Tobacconists 6 .
Ty pefounders 4
19 8 2• .29
the Southern heart to any extremity of opposi
tion, and been the signal of secession.- On
Tuesday a still greater victory was won in the
halls of Congress, when the House of Represen
tatives passed the bill which had previously re
ceived the sanction of the 'Senate, prohibiting
" slavery and involuntary servitude " in all the
Territories now belonging or hereafter to be an
nexed to the United. States. The measure only
awaits the signature of Mr. Lincoln, which it
will have received long before these words are
read in Europe, to become the irrevocable law of
the Union. It is in acts like these that the
North Shows its real power, and if it could only
be persuaded to let the South go, and establish
its independence after its own fashion, on the
plea that different sentiments from those of the
North are so deeply rooted into the framework of
Southern society, theological, political, commer
cial, and social, as to be utterly ineradicable by
any possible amount of physical coercion that
can be employed against it, either now or here
after, the North might stand proudly forth before
the world, free of. the South and 'slavery to
gether—the noblest- commonwealth under the
Thiti correspondent is understood . to be
Doctor Mackay; a ScOttiSh literateur of
considerable eaanence, who sonic years
ago travelled-Over the whole.of the United
States, and wrote a book very kindly in,its
tone. Right or wrong, he expresses to
ward the close of his remarks the cotiiic
tion—which without bitterness—prevails
over the United Kingdom. Do not judge
this as unkind ; it is not meant to be so by
multitudes who have nothing in common
`with Toryism and the haters o democracy.
As to "'intervention," and consequent war,
the first has been abjured by our statesmen,
and the second might gratify any feeling
of resentment, but ,it would end in woe to
both countries. God forbid that ever there
should be bloodshed from a collision with
America. I cannot believe that President
Lincoln thinks of such a thing, and ail
Good men here, would deprecate it, on the
highest ;Moral, social, and religious grounds.
As I trust, a real lover of peace and right
eaulmess, I write this much ; and whether
all your readers agree with me or not, do
not, let one of them suppose thatl would ,
wish -to see the obliteration of .one star
from the glorious national banner—only
let'Fre.edom's sons not give up for any
reason Freedom's cause and claims. God
bless and prosper the United States of
The havoc in American households, by
reason of war, hardships and disease, deeply
affects our hearts, and you must forgive us
if we do not look at matters so much in a
political aspect, as with the yearning'sympa:.
thies of humanity.* Need there is.on both
sides of the Atlantic for fervent prayer for
such an issue,speedy, certain, permanent", as
shall be: glorifying to God, and shall bear
the - ealtirretrospect of calmer times.
TIELE 'WEATaza has assumed "rather an
alarming; aspect. We have had really
no Summer as yet. American farmers , will
probably find a large market for their pro.
duce next year in. Great Britain. As it is,
we have received immense supplies of pro
visions-; and if English gold, of which there
is ale:mat a plethora; in London, crossing
the Atlantic lightens the burdens of agri
culturists and:merchants on the other side,
it will be.trulygratifyinc,
RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS in lildinbargh
are, for the Present, almost suspended, in
emisequenee of' ministers and their congre
gations going out for 'their Summar holi
day. But reviewing the twelve mouths,
there has been much real Revival work going
on here. There is one scene of' its inflo
ence—Carruber's Close—packed with a
population of the lowest order, where many
trophies have been won to Christ. Chris-
tianr ladies also gather •together Alothers'
Classes, with tokens of, blessing. The
massed of the poor who fill the great High
Street on Saturday nights, and who swarm
in the Congate, 'are godless and wicked. I
am grieved to say that the Social Evil is
very rampant---in Aberdeen City, especial
ly, it is so. Not that " the former times
were better than these;" in Knox's days
there was "the rascal multitude," and, alas
it iS so in measure still: But then, there
is , the large leavening that was compary
tively wanting then; and God's real, chil
dren, and God ' s working servants, are more
, numerous than ever they were before.
Proofs of this I' hope hereafter to give.
Meanwhile I maymention that in Scotland;
in its Capital and elsewhere, are many
pious lawyers, retired military officers, and
landed proprietors not forgetting such
noblemen as Lordi Aberdeen and Kintore
—who haVe within a limited period been
brought to Christ, and are earnestly labor
ing. for him. Immense multitaides were
lately gathered in•the lawn of the Dutchess
Of Gordon, at Huntly, Aberdeenshire; and
the Divine presence (as in former Summer
gathering',) was manifest. Here in Edin
burgh; the upper' classes have been faith
'fully dealt =with and powerfully wrought
upon -'by men ortheir own class—especially
by Brownlow`No thin Drawing,-room meet
bags, during 'the past Winter. Satan is
busy; but Christ is mightier, and his cause
and-truth must and shall prevail.
LITERATURE' in Scotland is still prized
and cultivated. 'Book-shops 'abOund in
every large town; . and Edinburgh, on
old book-stalls as well as On' the shelves of
its publisher's, is still proving itself to he
the' "'Modern Athens. 'Not that there
are men now living and moving here—each
a bright particular 'star in himself, 'and
forthing, when combined, a glorious con-'
stellation—as in the' days of the living Sir
Waltei Scott and' his son-in . -law Lockhart,
and of Professor Wilson, Lard'Jeffrey, and
Dr. Hanna, the biographer and'
son-in.law of Dr. Ot almers, has lately pub
lished a work 'on' " The Last Day of our'
Lord's .Pas.sion," giving a continuous nar
ative, with didactic clearness and solemnly
pictorial beauty; of the sufferings on the
Cross. In this work he prominently pre
sents' and advocates the - opinion, first ex
pressed some' ten years ago by Dr: •Stroud;
*We appreciate the sympathy of kind friends,
in the day of our distress ; but' we cannot,'" for
give," in the sense' of approving' of, the utter
ance of a wish that ur troubles shall issue in a
severance of the Union: ' Smite years ago, Ire
lonewished •to secede ; but though-it thew aou'
tained a free ,population beyond ,that of ' the,
present Southern COnfederaCy, and is separated
frouPEngland by aLinia ' yet - England 'Would not
permit!the sw7esSion. It called it rebellion, and
put it down by the sword. And much less would
Englind permit' Scotland or Wales to Secede.. It
will not permit even Gattadti to -secede, though'
three thousand, miles distant, the broad ocean
intervening. Why' hen'Should'Englishmen urge
us to permit the South to secede ; though not di
vided from us by ocean, or sea, or strait, or
river, or Mountain ? It reqtiiies seine 'p tierce
-in us to bear with Our truttsatlantie'coimins.
Our correspondent breathes ale right spirit when
he says lie would not wish to see one starilditerated
from Our glortaus banner. If Etironeans .wish us
,apd 'our children to be their frinnthso thtsyntintl,St
THE PRESBYTERIAN BANNER
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REV. DAVID DURINICEY,
PROPRIETOR' AND PUBLISHES.
a London physician, that there was an
actual physical rupture of the heart in
the ease of the Messiah, as the result of his
mental agony, or of the Burden he bore as
the Divine Victim, and that, literally, his
heart " was broken "—as by the Psalmist
was predicted. I find difference of opinion
on , this subject; it is a subject to be very
'reverentially treated, and it is so treated
-by Dr. Hanna. But it is questionable
whether he has settled the question, and to
apply literally and physically the words,
" Reproach bath liroken thy heart," seems
to me totally untenable. J.W.
Per the Presbyterian Banner.
MR. Eorrax:—This is a world of ex
tremes. Sotnetimes extremes meet. They
met in the origination of the present un
holy war. The bloodiest page in the
world's history is being written in fraternal
blood. While the Vaudnis are filled with
sublime' thoughts, viewing the Alpine
heights which, surround them, one born on
prairie soil knoiis nothing of these emo
tions. Neither' one has any just concep
tion of the other extreme in nature.
It is as difficult to give a correct idea of
a prairie to .:a person who never saw one, as
that of the variegated tints of the rainbow,
to one born blind. The enchantment of a
Sutianer's sunset on one of our beautiful
lakel, may give 'a faint conception of a
prairie view. The one is "rocked in the
cradle of the stilly deep," while the other
is on terra firma, surroundecl , with magnifi
cence on every , hand.' It would repay any
one an hundredfold to visit Illinois at the
present time, and spend a few weeks in a
buggy, behind two spirited horses. But
little of the beauty and excellence of the
country can be seen from the railroad cars
or river steamers.. From the window of
the writer, the'eye looks out over an exten
sive,. undulating plain, dotted with white
farm houses, until enchantment is lost in the
view. Far away to the Southwest as the
eye can reach, where the heavens and the
earth seem - to meet, an extensive forest
forms the vertex of a parabola. This is
the Southwest point of the Grand Prairie,
which extends in a Northeast direction,
with little interruption by groves, about
one hundred and ninety-five miles. It is
irregular in its breadth. The widest point
is said to be thirty-five miles. It is fringed
on either side with heavy groves, affording
sufficient timber to the countless myriads
who will soon find a home on its broad
Through the centre, leUgthwise, runs the
Central Railroad, connecting Chicago with
Cabo. Infidelity' must be. deep in the
heart, and ignorance heavy on the mind, if
the Wand rif ;God is not seen in the incep
tion and completion of the Central Rail
road of Illinois. Although this—one of
the great enterprises of the age—was
begun from mercenary -motives, (otherwise
the- untold wealth of these vast prairies
would, have lain undeveloped for ages to
~a s they have for ages past,) the
Directors of this road—be it stated to their
Credit—have hid a godly minister' em
ployed, at a good salary, to organize Sab
bath Schools along the whole extent of the
road. This was as far as they could go, in
-planting the Gospel, to avoid the charge of
Three miles from the South point on the
Central Railroad, on this Grand Prairie,
Mattoon is located. It is here the Terre
Haute, Alton and St. Louis road crosses the
Eastern Illinois Central. Mattoon has city
corporate privileges. years since, it
was - put- on paper, extending along one rail
road two miles, and along the other one
mile. This makes its corporate limits two
miles long, and one mile wide. From the
centre, at the railroad crossing, it was
making rapid strides in all directions, when
partially arrested' by the breaking 'out of
this winked. rebellion. It ;contains near•
two thousand inhabitants, according to the
city census taken a few months ago.
Two passenger trains on both roads run
each way every day except Sabbath, and
Tour freight trains.- This makes eight
passenger, and sixteen -freight trains every
day and night. The freight trains have
from• sixteen to , forty-four cars • each. There
is more freight business at this place than
any other on the whole road from Chicago
to Cairo. It is 'l72k miles from Mattoon
to Chicago, and 193 f miles to Cairo, on the
Central Road, and 69 miles to Terre Haute,
and 130. miles' to ,•St. lonia, on• the Terre
Haute, Alton and St. touis Road.
Mattoon has sent the greater part of a
regiment to the army—some of whom now
lie in the cemetery, having fallen at the
taking ot Ft. Donelson—among whom, are
forty-five commissioned officers now in the
field, two Colonels, two Majors, and two
Chaplains. The . beautiful enclosed Fair
Grounds, comprising eighty acres is desig
nated as a camp of instruction for the mar
shalling hosts, of thirteen counties of the ,
State; under 'the President's fast call.
Already they are beginning to come in)
'The very best men are proffering them
selves as *willing sacrifice on their country's
altar, with the firm purpose that the plow
shall stand in the furrow, and' the goods
lie 'on the shelves, until the Stars and
Stripes—the emblem of civil government---
shall4ave unmolested over= every State.
Mr. Banner, if these"liasty "sketches
meet your approbation, as ••I know they will
interestvvery many of• your great family of
reatiers, who want` to knew something of
this part oflllinois ' the character and re
ligious . prospects of the place will 'be no
ticed. - M.
Goebelit Project' n g' littlxpeditint-Agatisr.
Rome.' l4 -It-ia-stitted that the ItaliaUgovern
ment had' discovered' a plot, the object'of
which is the • expulsion of the Pope from
Rome: Garibaldi was accused of being
the leader of the conspiracy',' and English
einisSaries, with considerable sums of
money; were running all over Italy, in or
der to procure recruits for the expedition,
which said to be.'countenanced by the
first-families of Italy It was believed-by
the leaders of itheiplot that the'Pre,nich'garz
risen of =Rome- Which is now reduced to
about seven thousand men, would be' g lad
to leave - the city, and woubil notlifford any,
Truth,—Passing in the minds of all
men; , theie are but two trails of thought'
which 1-can 'hold weNninence. Of the,
earth, earthy, pertainjug to the devil. Or
or heay,en>, heavenlY, Rertainini to God.
Reader, ihittie,;:do your Ilmitighte 'nuistl,7