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IStrect all lettere toi, DAVID WILII4NET & 00.,
For the Presbyterian Balmer
huts- we too many llinisters?
navel alreadi expressed the conviction,
that we have nut too many. And I add,
that we have only a very small proportion
of ministers who are not, capable of, being
u'seft i ii in` the work to which they are , called.
Th'it .we'haVe too ninny unemployed' in the
Pfisto4, l 4tee, is plain enough. , But this
doe`" arise from any defect in our Pres
byt4ittl'system' which, while it gives to the
people the right of choosing, imposes also
the obligation of supporting, thiir own min-, 1
*cis. The apparent Fedundancy of min-
}Mars springs , froni Itidelinquency in, the
administration of out , system or rather,
front a deviation froiNit: To ;how thiS, is
the design of the - pfeieuf article, which I
submit, with tiipizio4lto the reader's eon
The great delinqnbnoy of our Church,
whence this, and ;some other grave evils.
spring ,ii With tine Presbyteries, in not fel
fillitig- their obligations to the unsettled
ministers,,tior to the vacant congregations.
Presbyteries are bound, as the idea of over
sight evidently implies, to see that the
licentiates, and ministers under their, care
he employed in their proper work, and that
congregations have as full a supply as poi-
Bible of the ordinandes :of religion. This
obligation is ;to be met, by a regular scheme;
of appointments and sup plies , to ministers
without charge and t vacant churches:.
But,' for the want of this simple seheme,
the Church presents the anomalous and
alarming statistical fact of nine hundred
churches without ministers, and half as
many ministers without churches. , Hence
we hear the inquiry, Have we not too , many,
ministers? And on the same ground, we
might start the 'question, Have we not too
many churches? I unhesitatingly answer
both= in, the negative, while,l., sorrowfully
admit , the facts which suggest them, and,
the plausibility; of the suggestion. But I
attribute 'these facts' to a different cause—
thedelinqtainoy of Presbyteries. •
A considerable amount of =lndependency
and a small initiative of Diooesanism have
flowed 'into the Church, and have narily,
carried away with their currents, and pert.'
ly covered with their debris; the: whoIOL ,I
same 'provisidne of our Presbyterianism.;
To these two intrusions may, be traced the,
results which, having long disheartened
many faithful ministers in their unwilling
inaction, are. , hovi; suggesting the sad and
harmful question which stands at the head
of this article. And; as the question is not
one of mere stitioultition:,' but one of deep
and 'Practical importance; it becomes the
Church to contdmplate the 'evil seriously,
and to apply the remedy to Lb!, proper
point. 'lt f is,nugatory to-offer an impracti
cable expedient:on an erroneous hypothesis,
when the real evil;is ,admittedp-and legiti
mate relief lies within our reach.
As at, present generally managed, the
settlement of ministers is effeeted, except
in its bare forms, almost without the coun
sel, aid, or„ oversight of the .Presbytery.
The youngiliceatiateior the unsettled min
ister Must seek a place for himself. The
vacant ;church must seek, its:pm! pastor.'
The ingenuous young preacher, inexpert
firmed and timid, discouraged lsy want of
knovitedge of the Church, and disquafffied 7
in a.itheasure,, for facing the world, 'by Aix
or sever ` yearst ;ohnost 'monolith,' seclusion
in colleges.. and -seminaries, is stunned by
the difficulties that meet him at the thres
hold of the ,ministry., Whither, shall he
direct his litaidsl How Shad he solicit;the
privilege. `jiff:preaching, as 'al eindidate, in
such vacant.therehes as be happens te•hear
of; when half a , seore of competitors aresoli
citing thelikune favor ? The . Presbyterial
provision' is needed here, toAppoint ; the
young niatkfte;the vacant churches' of itti
own charge, if it have:Say ;, orio commend
him to :sores: other Presbytery, if it live
not. : And .where shallt:the:.ohurches4ookP
for ministers whew they tufted l them, &nut:
to , their own Presbytery; that hthe- over l
sight of them ? No sunray bein ' .furnished: ir
from that quarter, they . are le ' to casual:
imosers.by,i'or to such asTrivite iendship
or interest Inlay recommendii Thel:Presby=
. i ts , ,
tery not meeting oblightions to either
party, they:have no alternative. but either
to remain as- they;arei or to make , the best
arrangement they: can <; with each other:;
This is' the Congregationalism that I have
Halide& to. Things left in this loose
disorder; it , is not , suittrising that many
ministers are without= oftarge—enough to
give the. appearance of excess, while, in re
ality, there is 'fidgreat deficieney.
The difficulties , that, like an abatis, em
barrass the :licentiate's approach;to the pas
torate, are ;formidable ; enough, where the
Presbytery fails in- its; duty. But he has
softie advantages from , ?another quarter;
that is, from the' modified Diocesanistn,
which the dereliction'- otiPreilbyteries has
'devolved on our Theological Faculties.
This ;is; almost a. necessity, under the air
ounistanced ; and its spontetteousidevelop
meet - eau; hardly ;be a matter of surprise.
The secluded student, drawing near to. the
close of his preparatory course, looks: out
anxiously into the field : it is large land
needy, but where shall be his scene :of
operations for its improvement 2; The
ilethytery under whose 'care he is, nom=
inalli,ohao given him license to preach the
Godpetf but points him to no place. This
right and ditty have been surrendered to.
the Congregational liberty of choke. But
the Professor, interested in him and in the
Church, is able to counsel and direct him.
And this he .etin'• , do the more effectively,
because the churches have got into the way
of looking to the Seminaries for their sup
ply of ministers., This is unavoidable,
when the oversight,nd care of the Pres
byteries do not furn ish them. And so,
Congregationalism 'i/e&B into Episcopacy,
while Presbytery stands) passive between
them; and the Professofelhaveiforced upon
them the functions of Presbyteries, viz.,
the oversight of miniatsrs,iritlibut ehaige
and Of vacant congregititni. 0 Jf! ,
, . n ,
:''These unsought and t. preanyteat di
cesan powers are, of course, Chiefly opti '-
tiveity the case of preaohers jtist • leaving
the'Sentinaries, and do not reachlo a sec
ond settleinent. Hence a large proportion
of the ministers without charge pare' not-li
centiates, hut•lhose who have -tattoo been
settled, whoni time and dieter:Cell:have
iilaced beyond' the range of the operation
f that system Which has, in a' 'Measure,
uperseded the . Presbyterian system. And
u 'Oen sf this, the.remark of a Professor
its ~be. t . in accordance withrfacts ;lie. sold:
here, is , no difficultyin our.studenteiget
ing ,settlements; but it is', very hard for
ne to plitain a call, who hoe been i settled
efore . an d is, now without charge. And
t is s (MA, jelso, that :Dr. hedge ' s St4te
ent, t it all the students froM AlleAely,
. , .
. . .
. . .
. _ ..
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~ .. n ..........,.: ,
...„... •• :
. . ... .
t . _
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. . . , ....
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VOL ~.X.NO. 28.
and nearly all from Princeton, were settled
in the ministry within a few months, does
not meet .the exigences of his argument.
I take it 'for granted, of cQurse, that he
does not intend to intimate that the minis-,
tars of from two o twenty years' expe
rience, who are ` thout charge, are less
qualified for the•wo k than those fresh.from
the-Seminar „ , ieH. he fact,,at any rate,, re
,that we h ve a large number of
Ministers without, charge; ' and if ,only a
snuill pr portion ,l of these are licentiates,
it only confirms my 'hypothesis, 'that the
Presbyteries de not exereiseAheir preroga
tives and fulfill their obligations as well as
the Faculties do ',hose which Presbyteries
have &Volved ugn'thens:
To secure fields of labor the unsettled
ministers must. look 'out for themselves:
This brings them under the .congregational
the Seminary, preachers are urn
der the Episcopal-the 'Presbytery being
relieved . of -ita functione
,equally by both.'
And here.; the gg art andimystery," for such
it appears to be, of candidating, is brought.
into ; requisition. This,- it is true, is no
part of our Presbyterial, system, but we
haVe 'made" it a necessity:, by the disuse of
our` systein. MattyledP its repellant chai
acterso much, that theyare, at the same time;
kept at af distance from it and from settle,
ments.,, Arid, hence, it does but little to re r
lieVe the Church from that apparent redun 7
daticy of ministers, which threatens to em-:
barrass our Education! Board. The supply,
of ministers 'is constantly going on, under
the blessing of God upon the wise and be
nignant plans which our General Assembly
has adopted; and if our Presbyteries would
do their duty to unsettled ministers and va
cant Congregations, Our Church would
speedily' be relieved from the occasion of
sorrow , within and. of. reproach without.
We would cease to present the anomalous as
pect;f three or four hundred unemployed
ministers anti eight or nine,hundred vacant
congregations, If Presbyteries took the over
sightvand supply of churches into their own
hands, we should not be obliged to blush at
the unseemly spectacle of a dozen or a score
of ebinpeting applidants for a single church.
Addits to' the destitutioni, whether in mew,
sOttlements or in large Cities, no means for
their supply is more convenient or avails
blo than the Presbytery, Qur system,
thei•efore, is not only capable of supplying
thenecessities of the poor' in cities,'but
is beautifully adapted to it. Individual en
terimise and salfdenial, encouraged andfdi
rected by Presbytery, can Always be found
in large cities, ready- to labox,. for the poor.
And the aid of weelthycongregations and
individuals is seldom inVoked in vain; in
behalf of such labor, whew it has the ap.-
proval and advocacy of - the Presbytery,
whose oversight embraces the field. ,„
Having exhausted my space rather than
my argument, I must eose these artieles.
I must say in closingstbat I desire to do
good aJd not harm by them; I want to honor
and 'not repro.ach Presbyteries ; I would see
all ministers occupied and not idle, and all
churches 'furnished with ordinances, and
not destitute. Ar return to the good Pres
byterian order-would, I think, accomplish
all: these objects and , free. us from the 'se
rious, evils that are felt to he imininent, and
from greater,ones , :involved in their legiti
mate train. ' ' *, 3.F. M.
Mn. EDITOR :—I, propose to \ submit,
through ,your, columns, few facts , and fig
ures, under the above general heading.
Statistics r lowever dry to the mass. of read
ers, are; after all, the 'isiost.reliableliource
of knowledge„ They are ,simply. an -ex
hibit of the moral, 'social', : financial, or re
ligions• condition of any body or organiza
tion,. We cannot arrive atthe true condi
tioni of any country, church, or • organization
of any kind, except through , its statistics.
These reveal the facts on, which all theories
Land reforms, must be"based. Hence the
importance of publications like our , Some
rind. Foreign, Record, With' its monthly ex
hibit 'of tho' work tOr'6 ' done by , the
Chnrch, aid how theqllitirO,h '.is 'actually
doing the work. . ,
This ;same Home and- Foreign.. Record,
1 by the way, has,been
.thc, object of an !an
nual attack in our General Assembly, as, a
dry, uninteresting .putdication, and; the
subject nf perennial, complaint by ,the,:ueo
ple, on the same general grounds. I know
not the reason of this, ,unless it be thikit
is• the pen of the statistician, rather than ; the
novelist, that is employed on its pages,.. I
have thought, sometimeS, the work is, un
popular because, through ,its dry c,olumns
of figures, it tells the truth, and sometimes
very ugly truth. People see themselves i 4
these, figures as they do not like toilen
themselves, and so push, the, mirror aside,
palling it .a . .horrible thing . just as, ugly
people avoid their * glass, blaming, their ug
liness on it. Its columns , eertsinly do not
tell a ,fiattering4 tale as to. the zeal of ,t,he
Church in carrying out the great commis
_Edon ; " Go preach the , ,Gospel, to every
creature." Allow. me to submit some facts
gleaned from its columns, together with
the Annual Report of Ihe r fieneral Assent
.bly for the year 1861. ' ,
I will take, for a specimen, a.;Synod 10,
opted in the heart of Presbyterianism, comy
}posed Of ,a thriving population of, farmere,
* merchants, , and mechanics-, Grier i Presby,-
tery, I find,,reporting'3,34s,members, con
tributed' tnDomestic Missions ; - 474; to
Foreign Missions, , $638; . 0 the. Board of
Education, $301; to the Board of. Pabli.
cation, $B5 ; to Church Extension, $1.20;
and to , the Fund for Disabled Ministers,
s2B—in all "$1,446. This ) sum= 1446
- divided imOng''B,34s people, gives to each,
as the sum:. of his , or her; contribution
during the yeariferty4wo cents and a fraC
-1 tion. Divided among the Boards, it gives
Ito Foreign Missions, eighteen cents ; to
' Domestic. Missions, eight,: ants ; to Edu
cation, nine cents;. to Ch rah Xxtension,
three cents ; to Publicatio and. Fund • for
Disabled Ministers tOge, er, about five
cents. These are the 'ft res. Now it is
respectfully submitted to the judgment of
the people, whether this ds indeed, , a flat
tering testimonial. 0 the monhment
, . ,
whieh stands over this l'eharity,'? could, it
'he truthfully written, f " She hat,done
Whit' she *could ?" Cifuld:not thelse - 3,345
peopleothaire done more? Could they , not
have dollars in the Report equal
thektown,numbers, and not have . felt the
effort ? - 1
0 but, says one, yap. forget that' this is
only one deplartinent i'of our Beneficence.
You overlook entirelyiour contributions :to
sustain the Gospel a, home, to build .and
repair our own chn ches,%to. keep :o,p: } our
Sabbath Schools to the Bible cause, and 1
* Colonization, and a that; add that-* ii,
For the Piesbitenati Banner
PITTSBURGH, SATURDA Y, M ARCH
and the figures will, show more to our
credit. I will. The .result is this—for.
the Presbytery 1 have taken as it spec-,
imen—s3.os from each church member
for all religious uses ; the Boards,. pas
tors' salaries, and Miscellaneous objects
—everything l Out of our. annual income
of $6OO, or 6900,,,er $l2OO, we expended
$3 on the kingdom oft God. and its progress
in the world.
make no comment.' I have given a
fair exhibit of the contributions; for , re.
ligious uses, Qt !a Presbytery Which- is,
probably, a fair sample of, the, ,average
ability of the Church. If these facts and
figures shall provoke inquiry, or stimulate
liberality,' the object of the Writer will be
Por the Presbyter*n,Bataker
An' Interegting Scene.
DR. MCKRTNEY:—Lear know
it will give you pleasure to, hear how I
spent the Sabbath, March 9th, in the _63th
Regiment Col. Alex. 'Hays near Vort,
As, you are well aware,,there has been
for some time quite a revival of religion
going on; a most inieresting, soul-stirring
state of things exist, among them. God is
certainly largely blessing them. Never
did I see men so deeply in earnest.
In the morning at 11 o'clock, Dr. Marks.
preached in, the tent-church, to as,many
filled the two tents; at the close he said
that as it was likely.the regiment. would
move soon . , he, would hold a Communion'
that night, and invited, any 'persons wish
ing to join, to meet, him.
At 2 P. M. we 'held a most solemn and
touching prayer-meeting. The prayers of
the soldiers were very ardent and to the
purpose. I conversed with Mani: deax
young men in their tents and alone who
readily acknowledaed their need of salve,-
At night the tents - were crowded to ex
cess. And as the evening was pleasant, the
ends of the tents were opened and an eager
Crowd pressed around. A small rude table
was used ; common , bread, wine made of
grape jelly and water, and two glasses-were
placed in the centre. Our tents Ifere
lighted by three candles,. swung from the
centre. Familiar: ords•were well sung.- . A
few introductory:remarks and a prayer, then
eight stalwart soldiers kneeled around the
table. -and were baptized.; the bread- , and
wine were then, passed ato communicants;
even outside the tents all eager -to obey the
command, "This do, biz remembrance ,;of
me."' Everybody was 'weeping; twenty
nine; joined on profession ; , •the- whole
,now being one hundred and eighty
eight. We had sweet singing while Elder
Daub - , ( Captain,) and myself distributed
the-. Sacramental elements. s Surely God was
there. And it was wellimalculated to re
mind us of that dark night in which it;was
instituted. It was a most -solemn,iinpres
sive scene, and one never to be forgotten;
we closed it by all audibly uniting in say
ing the LordTs- Prayer,. and parted , n ever, all
to meet until we meet:at:the marriage-feast
The soldiers , areobligedto put out lights
and ,fetire at tap :of the .drum, but.a ,few of
us< spent an - hour yet ith devotion, singing
and ,conversation in Captain , D.'s tent. , it
was a good meeting. To-witness the men's
peep emotion at any reference to their families
in prayer, and then to hear them say, we can
die without fear and.leave the loved ones
with,Grod—con tent, so our gloriou.s ilac , is sus
tained—gave confidence in the success of our
country's . cause.
I stepped into tent in 4hich werelve
young men, Sabbath.morning. ,Three were
reading their- Testaments; had a pointed
conversation with them, found they had
all been well trained at home; all knew
what was their duty;`three of them joined
the glorious army to-night. Another, fine,
well-trained, young stra,nger, had been halt
ing and hesitating, though greatly exercised
for some time; four of his mess had joined,
the ;fifth having died' suddenly. He said
every letter from hisgood father and moth
er urged and entreated him to seek:religion,
but he doubted hia fitness. Be was that
night baptized and cnminuned, and after
-Ward told Dr. Marks tow happy and thank
ful he felt. His load Was all gone He
intends to be a preacher. On Monday
morning, among the first persons I saw was
is' stalwart man coming opt of the Dr.'s cabin
weeping. **He grasped:my hand and said
he was so:happy., The Dr. has written to
me since, that the goad work is still increas
ing. May it go on until every dear soldier
in 'our army shall become' a good soldier Of
the Cross. •
For Alm RreotryteritT )4n1113r.
liossip at Mrs. Climb's Tea-Party.
," Our minister must spend more time
ambng the people, if the church is to pros
per," said' Mrs. Jones, as She handed her
Cup to be replenished ; "'old` Father EasY,
you remember, used to visit us every:week
nearly, and his talks did:us mere good - than
his sermons. "Yes, indeed,". - replied - Mrs.
Crumb ;' " preachers were:- different then,
but now, ,they get a big salary, and stay at
home, and the church". suffers. We never
have any more”stormin' revivals , like' we
use to ; ',and then you know-- there is so
much pride in the church now; I . think
Mr. Parsons ought to , preach aboutat ;. we
must return to the. old landmarks, , or , the
young .folks <will all.ibe spiled." ",Preach
about 41 Not he,' ~.-said' Mrs.
" while -he- wears,his 'broadcloth, and;-his
wife comes to meetin' in her hoops
Should n't wonder if the reason he stays, at
home so much is,:that he thinks himself
above other folks,. No wonder the church
is goin' to ruin.'" "We must :have these
things attended to Mrs.. Jones.; it id our
duty to the church—yes; our duty to. God.
Mr. Parsons is a good man,. but he, musk do
Aifferent, or we must have a nelir preacher:"
"'Suppose, then, we see Bir. P., and" tell
him the whole tronble," said` Mother Geed
man, who had beehlistening Silently to the
above gossip,. " an& probably he will,; do
different." " For my part,f said .;.Mrs.
Crumb, " I do n't„think„so. It might set
Mr. P,., against us; hell better talk. to
others about it, ;and see.what they think ;.let
the majority rule." "'But ought we to talk
Of our pastor's failings 'before 'the-world;
would it not cripple his influence • and in
lure the church?" Let ns be straight
fofward, and go to hini at Orice."o.'-'"; For
my part," said Mrs. Jones, "when I , have
anythiugagainst a body, I make.no -bones
of tollin Mr. P. is,p, goo man- 7 3es,
, . .
I may adfl,,a pious man, and gives us rush,
instructive `sermons, but , he''do n't visit, and
is proud'—at least she is." 'No !wOrider-the
church is cold; like , priest, like people."
"'Ladies, these are ,hard thought& and
.Words when applied to our pastor," said
Mr. (:loodman, entering the do,or unob
served by, the busy talkers; " either'Air.
P. is very touch out of the way, or Satan
is trying to cripple his twirk , ; in-either
case,„he needs, our-prayers: r : Let us now,
. for him." They, knee,led: The old•
elder poured forth his fervent cries for
God's =blessing on'their pastor, and on his
labors 'among them, 'at d for -'eharity and
cooperation on ,the part of the More
fervent supplicOops , neveT aseended
heaven. When' they. arose Mrs. Jones
was observed to draw her band across her
eyes, to - wipe-away the tears, , for 'she was a_
woman of 'deep feeling, anktli
but one of.the " little.ones."' ," Now," , said
the elder, " I feel better prepared to talk on •
such important matters. .What is the
'tiouble, Mrs. Crunib'V' "0 ! nothing'
mich;" She replied'; "we Till-love - Mr'. P.,'
but we do think he ought to•viiit 'us more,o'
bring his .wife with him, and stay longer at
a time. He. do n't get i arothi,dlwiee4 year,
unless we are sick, and. the only stays an ,
hour or se. He -ought to l it
eome three 'Or
four times 'a'year, and spend&alf a.day, and
make visits that are visits!' ," Thatwetild
be rve.ry profitable," replied. the .elder, if,
he ,could do it. But can ,he r.‘ =.That is the
" Addie, bring your slate'and nie a
q 4 Sestion." What is it, undle ?" said'the
little girl, who had been .ii . stening atten
tively. -"Yesterday; Mr. -showed,.lne
hie visiting list for bothl' ohtirefies. It
contained vlittle over one hundred families.
,he visits , a family a day, ,, ',1147,,,10ng will
it, ake hitn, to go round?" One'hundred
days, or over. "But youi. ma says he.
should do 'this three times 'Wyear, at lea St.
How long would:this take 44 -Jiistethree
hundred days,. or a littleTiover." " Of.
course he:would not visit •*the Sahbatli
how many. Wear days would he tben,have,
tohimself, free• •t," "
just none at all," said Addle.;:' Mrs. Crumb
here dropped her head, ii3dAseemed .
sorbed' in thought,. " Biti*Addieiwyeur
mother. thinks he ought ti:mbritig,his wife,
and spend, the afternoon, he sloes' this,,
including gettingthe hOrse , readY, putting
hirii away, going, coming,''W':,. how much'
of the day •-would 'be- , "14t4 3 But if-`he
makes:visits," continue& Mr Goodman, " hei
must receive visits insetup ; and in addi
tion, a minister has .often i ,mneh strange
company. How much that 'Would he now
have'?" None at, all, that I `ean see,"
said Addie. '" Then you .know that lir.
P. has a -great many funeral `Sermona .A 0
,preach, anct that takes
,up, time." T " But
not half as, much aspreparing them, " added old mother Goodman. ' '' Arid then
the' regular . ' Sabbath discourses require'
much timei; and hard labor: , 'Oar-pastor
do n't feed ats milk and water, you know.
One,would think such sermons themselves
would. occupy all his time. Mrs: Jones
did you ever write a sermon,? Try arm
day. Well, then . the piaYer-nientinf on
Wednesday evening, and the Sewing So-
ciety on Thumday, afternoon are ;not to be
neglected by the. minister, to, say, nothing
of his letter-writing, and I suppose he, doee
more of that - than allot-id . together. , He
reheit read - the 'newspapers, too, for our pus=
tor must be' posted ins the Matters` of the
day. Besides he has to study other,thin t ,a , s;
for the ,present ; , age, demands much: of a
minister. in the way , of scholarship. Not
being able to hire help, he has considerable
work to do about the house: And' thn
minister; like another man; needs. some
time for recreation—to get his,:breath,z—so
to ' speak—to talk to.. his wife, and chil
" Now," said Addle, for the . light Was'
fast breaking in upon her' niiicl; to the
gratification of> the olcLelder ' " tiguess uuri
minister aint to blame. 0 ! Mr.:-Goodinan,;
I love our. pastor." " But the church, needs,
reviving," added . Mrs. Jones. Yes we
alieftys need reviving," replied Mr.' Good:
man ; "'but surely there' is teething Ts,ttr . tief
ularly discouraging in the chureh-now:1 Wel,
have, no storming, revivals," ,after I which ; .,
alas I too many, return,' like the, sow, to the,,,
mire;' but the church is gradually:grow
lag.' The Sabbath School is flourishing,
the attendance at. church is as gbod as ever;-
though many have removed from theineigh
bonne ; and the people are growing
telligent, and indoctrinated in Scripture,,
under Mr. P.'s preaching. Prayer-Meet
ings 'are held all through the congregation,'
and the young men have kist started one- ,
of their own, • The ladies have a.veryin
teresting meeting at, the parsonage, Tues..
day afternoon, for prayer. Yon ought to ,
go up sometime, Mrs Jones. Yes, we I
have reason to thank. God for'our present t
prosperity. - is
A long.. pause:-followed. I,Mis. Crumb I
had till now forgotten. to offer-Mr. G00d,,,
man a,,chair: A warm apology was offered,,
together with a cup of cold tea.
Thai rniglit` two new faces' were at
prayer-Meeting, and on their'return homeyo
one a hispered to -, the otheri Mrs.periznibi/:
we must .pray, more for our pastor. Here.;
liestherwhole trouble:" " Yes, replied the
other, " I feel we have wronged him`; but
I was ignorant of the value of a minister's'
time; 0 !that bleaSed old , elder Gooduiat;
how could-the church. exist without lim4",`
True enough ,The eldef.s.,pray,er was an,,,
sireted. The beam, fell from, their own eye,,
and the mote disappeared from their pas;'
tor's. HOLE THE WALL.
American Festival in Freemasiiit's
sembly—,•The Speakers—The, U. S. 'Consul in
London, (mid the' ( Causes 'of the CieillWalailhe
ClergYmen from:Northamptonshire and the. Wash=
ing ton „Family--Eart„ Spencer's • Letter—Tenden
cy of the lestioal-2-The Albert Monument- 2 21e
'Queen arid'her. Daughter—A Bundle of Facts--
Longevity Statistics---A7,tirish Election.
LONDON, March 1, 1862
THE ANIZBIOA.NS 1 , 1.1 LONDONIave held',
a festival- it Freeinaibn's Hall, ConlineMora-
tive of the birthday of GeorgelVashington..
The occasion was full of, interest,.and: as I ,
had =the privilege of being present, I,shall
give. your readers my, notes, and„impres
sions in connexion.
"The Americans here have for some years'
celebrated the 'Fourth of July, but as far
as I know, this is the , first timo , that.they,
have forma4 and specially done l hpnor to..
the birth.day of the illustrious Father of
his country. The idea Was Once:bind only'.
&few days before the Feitival,.ind therej ,
fore its success'was all the`-mere gratifying. ,
The Magnificent ~ l arge room of the , Fren,,,
mason's , Hall, was beautifully decorated.
A.t the top, and behind the chair were sus- '
pended in loving proximity the stripes and
stars, - and the Union Jack, while higher'
than either was a , painting , presenting the
calm, meek, nelf-abnegating' ,, face , ' of ,the
great,Patript,himself. The Chair was-oo-
cupied by D .. Melkeine, the Bishop of '
Ohio. Iha long associated his name with
his able wori s in opposition to Tractarian
ism and Pri stism, and his noble stand for
Apostolie s' l lilicify and truth. His ap
pearance was ;.most' pleasing—benignant,
venerahle and ,good, looked the teen; an
almost.,Qua er-like repose about. his face,
and serenity looking forth from his eyes.
When he sp ke, it 'was in vicar mellifluous
Ninths, and •with "singular propriety did he
preface .the m
uccesve sentiments—" The
Memory ofashington," " President,Lin
coin," ":Fier Majesty, the Queen of, Eng
land" and ‘f Out', CoMitry." Dr. McIll:
vame made special reference to the visit of
the , Prince of Wales to-tbe United States,
to thelactrtha he had been :his guest, and.
I stated that ha ing had ,frequent opportu
nities of obse ving 'him closely, he said:
"I . - Was exceedingly :impressed with the
very great jud mentl will xiot:say pro
priety, it, is net sufficiently strong term=
with which he reecived therespects of adobe
variety . of daises in the United - Statee.
, T I
am , peratiaded: that. the';very spontaneous;
earnest, and affectionate veneration that
wiaPitid;Ahrough hitn,,to his honored Mo
ther, still continues:with the same ardor,
in the 'breasts of some' Americans. I'am
satisfied that nothing'has impaired' it, and
1 - do,not believe that any thing will ever
occur tO. iinpair it. Americans; therefore,
telaim, to take the, next place to Englishmen
in sympathising` with ,the present sorrows
of that Reyal house, and to express their
deepest;and Most affectionate sympathy, in
the afffi s ction of the Queen." These sen
timents were. loudly responded to.
Mr. Adams, the Ambassador, in speak
ing to " the
„Memory of Washington,"
evinced just ,discrinainition both as to an
alysia of 'chit:tie* and jin the choice selec
tion Of ; hie words. Indeed nothing could
be better. or more worthy of the theme.
The t Ode written by Mrs. Dr. MacGowan,
was received with great ,enthusiasm, when
it was ; . read from the chair. Its two first
stanzas ran, finis : \ ,
"Honored name—revered instory,
Father of his Countrys glory ;
Echo of the patriot's'heaft;
'E'en when e,alled witlqife to part,
watcherord--brothers, On !
Shout the narae,of;Vfaihington I
"What, though Treason stalks ouriand,
Woe and death go' hand' in hand,-
Mothers wail and orphans moan?
Os then brOthers—freemen, On!
Shout the name of. Witahington !" '
' The last, stanza, — Was the 'best of all, be
cause of the'sentinient 'conveyed,:
.% 64 Burst-thele'tters of op:pressiori,
Let our land M,truth.be free ;
And no longer Slavery's curse
Blast the land " of Liberty ;
On to Victory,"-brothers, On!
Shout the name of :Washington!"
Mr. George Thompson bore emphatic
testimony to the feelings of 'the great 'Ili&
dluclatis, and also 'the working classes of
the English: people' in the manufacturing
districts. The-followin , cr,are his words :
,Withreprd to the sympathy of the people,
Of this' country' with the North, I assert
that so far as the industrious. classes•are con
garnet., in all the meetings I i have held, and in
private intercourse with them,T have scarcely
biter diseovered,lwhen- the truth has:been fairly
'placed:before them, any. d,ifference with the .peo 7
pie of the North now engaged in this fierce con
flict. (Hear, hear.) It anything would have
tried the loyaltY of the 'people to:their prineiples
in ; regard- to, !freedom, it is, the recent adversity
that has come upon our manufacturing districts
throdih' the suspension, and, in 'fact, the entire
stoppage of 'one of the 'greatest branches of man
ufacture in this country.' Yet from the various
meetings which I have attended in-Manchester and
its naighborb.ood,-I ani able here to declare that
there** greatest and most noble spirit of self
anionget the working classes of this coun
trf. : (Loud Cheers.) ' Again and again I.have
put the question pointedly and 'in fthe plainest
and:directest terms, " Will.you hamper the Gov
ernment of the United. States, and paralyse the
people_ of the North, or at least' distract their at
tention and engage;them in two wars at the same
. time by 'a prepipinue recognition of these seceded
States, or by attempting to break the blockade of
the Southern , ports '. The, reply has. always
been the same—" No." (Cheers.) There is not
a eentithent, the'Tinglish :mind at this time
more powerful;•and more universal L than the sen
timent of entire non-interference in the present
state of affairs. (Hear, hear.)
He concluded thus :
- Iveliture to ex.prods a hope that as' events are
now .shaPip.g• themselves; and compelling states 7
mento attend to them rather than control them,
not 'onlythat• your' Union maybe restored, and
certain of vont.. stare“which- are now eelipsed,
may. reappear more resplendent than ever,
that - vihen that happy -day arrives, you may not
only rejoice in the reestablishment of .the Union,,
at present severed by traitorous hands, and of
your Unrivalled. Constitution, but that in the-pro
gress and issue •of this ,great war-you may secure
also, impartial % and nnisersal liberty.: (Loud
che.ora.) Of ; the. success of -the. North I have no
fear-I 'never had any fear. (Rear, hear.) I
vied have had none unless I had, lost all faith
intintimiii , Progiess; and "all belief in an overrul-
inglProvidence. I know thatthe citytotßoston,
:oonld ,buy,np •North Carolina ;; and all her
staves,,and that. New-York could buy up Vir
ginia„ and hake thirty millions Sterling to spare.
I linew'the blighting influence of slavery in the
Smith butl see in the North a display- of virtue
and: a .determination that.their country shall be
regenerated, and .I cannot doubt the issue of this
neatest. cflear, hear. )You may s hive te'sirtig 7
gle for a while, but the time is coining when in
the language of one of - our poets—
' , Jae some tall Off that istui its awful form,
Swells from.the-vale and , midwai meets:the Storm;
Though round its breast, the gathering clouds are spread,
' Ste'nutf inahhine'sattleit on ita head."
but:the smell. Of the occasion was that
the 'Hon. Preetnin H. Morse, (Consul
at the port. of., .bondert,) and I say this be
causeit brought out with a convincing clear;
ness, for,Whielt I could not personally express
my :'thinks . mth_c"-lapeaker, the real causes
of secession of the tenth; T h la-,
nation Was needed in this country, and is
sure, to tell 'on all ',candid Minds. He
proved' that in the original Constitution
there was, n 6 Provision which established
the right ,of Seceision. "No State could
dissever itsellY' 'He traced the grEtdual
rise of the Seuthern slave-power, until it
got the control of the Government. " - Ite
supporters got up , the Mexican war, went
to Cuba, reversed in the .Dred
Stott case all. the 'decisions >of all the
law! courts, trampled,' .on the Missouri
Compromise, and tried to take slavery
into Kansas. At last they came up
With the proposal that slavery shoeld be
put.inte the' Constitution as a principle of
Government,' They 'said, that unless' sla
very was, recognized in4llterritories, South
, of the Missouri line, now in the. Union,
and, hereafter, to be acquired, by =tend
nient of the Constitution, and that, by
another amendment the :United Stites
should bind themselves for ever to protect
slavery, like other property, they would'ge
04 of the Union. ''Theit came the :Come
mittee of Thirty-three, of which" Mr;
Adanis and - himself had been' meMberS:
,7to grievance With the Southern
tiAnhers of that Committee that the North
WHOLE NO. 496.
had enacted a high' tariff : it was slavery,
slavery, and nothing 'but slavery. "'What
would have been said of us, if we had yielded
to their propositions, and allowed that in
famous institution, which was neither, in
the common law, nor in the . civil law, to be
perpetuated .? Then ~came the ,bombard
meat of. Sumpter, and the stealing 'of the
property of the Government for two•whole
years by Floyd, the-Secretary of War,-wlio
appointed his own tools :over the various
,the end' , the North was
almost disamed. Mr. Morse concluded as
Many people were impatient with the Govern
ment 'of the 'United States.. But, what could they
401 , They, had to create .an army and 31#37-
It took England and France, with all their prep
arations, months to makeisoldiere fit to go into the
field, and should xtot•some time be alloWed.to the
United States' to make soldiers of the five hun
dred thousand - or six' hundred thousand' Milt Who
hadruslied, forward to defend the Union ? There
were men sweeping the camp as,common soldiers
wini Were vvOrth half of dollars in their
own:right. . They were-hair - ready; and they had
begun, to make prep4ss down ,South. These
were Union men ready `to' join them in the South
whenever they could appear on Southern soil:
Mention had been made of England having given
twenty Milliena'cif money to get rid of Slavery ;
but let them consider the stierifibes 'which the
North was making. • (Cheers.) It seemed
the North had wanted this very thingto stir it up
against the - evil which was 'growing' up in its
midst: The: people, 'of. the North had found. out
that slavery had destroyed every country where
it,had obtained, and that it would destroy there
also, if they did not throw--it out,. (Cheeri.)
They were, beginning to realize that, and was it
to be supposed that they would ever turn back?
They had waited. patiently, and Veen trampled
,for years. They had , suffered almost ev i
erything,' and was it to *be suppoSed that, now
they were fully roused, and. understood the cause
of all their troubles, they. would patiently give it
up, patiently sink back to the old feeling
Slivery ;_ oh, let it go on . Never,,,uever
(Great cheering.)"" They were there in the old
Mother country, and at' n American meeting, on
the birth-day of Washington, and he would ven
ture, to predict that :before-another birthday of
Washington rolled round, the Union would' be
one and • inseparable, and that only one Lag
would be acknowledged by thirty-three States.
(Loud and continued cheering.)
Mr. Cyrus W. Field spoke in kindly
terms about the Prince . of Wales, and his
visit, to New-York. He gave specimeni of
the• salutations addressed to, him in writing
by the , children of the Institution for Deaf
Mutes, where he visited. .He predicted
the restoration and preservation of the
Union, and added: We will, 'at
earliest practical moment that we can le
*may do so, remove from its the °Teat curse
which has brought all this trouble upon
A considerable number of American
ladies were present at the festival 'among
others the daughter of the Bishop of
An' Episcopal clergyman came expressly
from Northamptonshire to the festival,'" in
order, as the Rector of the parish, to
give most interesting information as to• the
Washington family, which for several gen
erations had lived and died, there, pre
viously`to the'emigration of the immediate
ancestors of George Washington to- Amer
ica. He indicated how the family had been
cherished in theirf adversity,,by the, noble
family of Spencer. The present Earl
Spencer is a man of like spirit, and at the
Festival a pleasing letter was read_
him, referring to his travels 'in the United
States, his great regard for the 'Oeople, and
his earnest desire for their peace and pros
Altogether, this Commemorative banquet
was a great success, and 'it gave high
minded, patriotic Americans, a happy op
portunity to stimulate the rising sympathy
of. the English people with the Northern
cause. That sympathy,will complete,, if
an anti-slavery policy is fully, endorsed and
THE MONUMENT TO PRINCE ALBERT iS
to be erected on the site of the Exhibition
of 1851. The Queen has suggested its
nature, namely, an obelisk, surrounded; at
the base by statuary-=the work of the
best sculptors of all nations. The Queen
has.also asked, as, it were, pertnission, to
join the cation in the erectineof the mon
ument. A letter to the Lord Mayor, dic
tated-by her, has awakened- deep emotion
".;Who has -
a dearer interest than the Queen
in, the well-being h and happiness of the.
people ? Ana - if xt has pleased God to
make her reign so 'far happy and prosper
ous, to whom, under Divine Providence, is
this so much owing, as to her beloved hits=
band—in all matters of doubt anddiffteulty,
her, wise counsellor, her unfailing guide and
" No one can know, as the Queen; knowe,
how. his every thought'was devoted ; tor the;
country,; how his only aim was to improve,
the conditiprof.the people, and to promote
their best interests. Indeed, his, untiring,
exertions in fdrtherance off - these objecti
tended, in all probability; to shorten' his
" Surely, then, it will not -be , ont of;
place that„following the movement of, her
people, the 'Quieen should be allowed to
consider"hoi She may best take part With'
theni,- in doing honor. to'her beloved Prince,
so that the- pro Posed methiment may;lie
recorded to future ages. as raimd by4the,
Queen and the people of a grateful country,
to the memory of its 'benefactor?'
The subscriptions for thiS'lffernorial arei
floWing .in daily. Lord , Derby takes the
deepest interest in it. f, Measures, are being
taken..to relieve in
,part the Queen's official
inns,- in `signing military and ether com
missions, &e: Her daughter, the Prince:psi'
ha,s Iduffered 'in health , from long'
watching, eel well,: as g‘.waiting omher wid
owed -mother , Stle has beer! .at the lions%
of the Belgian Ambassador, (in London,)
for change, and is now the guest of the
State phYsician; James Clarke!' Her,
health is nearly rastablished. She is uni
versally reipected and beloved.
A FEW FACTS, stated Without comment;
may be interesting.
The,Met,hodists have paid off, within the
last ten years, nearly 00,000 of chapel
debts They are - doing, g ood work - at
Ablershott and Ipswich among soldiers. -
Sir S. Peto, who'-is a -Baptiste and
who,:as, a lay patron, has the-right of pre ,
seutation the,Bectory of Oult i on, con,
felted• the, vacant living on the, man. who
had endeared himself, as curate, to_ the par
Religions liberty is outraged in Italylby
persecutions of Gavasii, Ribette and others,
for preaching. , ,
General Alexander (from tondon)
has visited Madrid, Spain, to intercede'
with the Governm e'nti: for 'MatamOres and
other=-Bible readers, whO haveobeen 'con.
demned to the, G r aileys. Be received, a
courteous reception .from MurAhal,,O:Dou r
nel; It ift hoped .by t,he Antes, that
. Publication Office
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DAVID- APKINNEY- a:CM •
PROPRINTOIIB AND PostasaasS.
erosity will be extended to the prisonerst.
IA united , Central CammitteeL has been
formed to.communicate with; all sections of
Eyangeli cal , Nonconformists in reference to
the Bicentary of 1862.
It is intended to have a public course
of lectures, and- also -to erect a Hall, in
wbielt, the Congregttional Library -may.be
kept, and public business be transacted:
The Congregational Bicentenary Fund iS
rapidlyinereasing—amoun king to $2O/3,000
—independent of a subscription for chapels
The twenty-fifth meeting of the promo. ,
ters of the Midnight Meeting movement,
was lately held in London"—was names.
ously attended by the class sought to res
cue, and was addressed by the. Rev. Dr.
Weir. Six hundred: and thirty-eight, in
town and country, have been rescued.
loins Napoleon is a HomeoPathic, and
wishes a Chair established. The Faculty
oppose the proposition.
Salivetti, one of the Triumvirs :;of Rome
in 1849, is dead.
Mr: C. W. GOodWin, author of " Mosaic
Cosmogony," " Essays and Reviews," is
to be the new editor of the Literary Gag.
The, total number; of Jews in the world,
is reconed, by the jewish Intelligencer, as
amounting to between ten and twelve mil-
Doctor Reid, an eminent London Con
gregational i minister, and a still more ern
inent philanthropist, in connexion with
Orphan and Deaf and Dumb Asylums, has
died, in his ,75th year.
£2;000'($10,000) hasheen voted by the
British and! Foreign 'Bible Society, to the
Americani Bible Society.
Four fresh missionaries for India have
offered themselves to the Free Church
The Annual Treat has been given to the
boys• of - the eight London Shoeblack Brig
ades,; They numbered 462 boys, and their
total earnings, in 1861 was £4,665.
The Bishop of Ripon has delivered one
of a series of lectures to the young of a
large London house `of business, on the In
spiration, of the Bible. The nature of its
contents, and their unity also—although
composed -by different writers, at different
times and in various countries—together
with the fUlfillinea . of Prophecy; the real
of Scripture miracles ; the preservation
of tho,l3iblethroughso many ages; the his
tory of the Jews themselves ; the adapts. :
tion of the Book to all minds; and lastly,
the itidiViduhl experience'of believers, were
all impressively set 'forth:
An eagle, .I:od:thirty-two years, lately
died .at Duff Castle, in ,13auffshire.
A minister at Dundee was lately so much
annoyed by coughing in church, that he
first - Made. an appeal; then, when the
coughing was resumed, sat down ; and then
resuming and closing his discourse, ()Merv
in his; peroration—in enunciating hin
drances to the perfecting of the church—
" an ill bred congreg,ation."
" The new Catholic University at Dublin
is about to be erected in the Northern su
The Cork Reporter rebukes and remon
strates with Dr. Cullen for his denunciation
of 'the' Queen's 'Colleges; and tells him,
that' as the Catholic laity pay no heed to
him; he is seriously injuring the church.
LONGEVITY IS more common in country
places than in towns; but the latter,
through the extreme care taken of late as
to sanatory measures, keeps pace with the
former. London, as I have often said, is
one of the healthiest places in the world.
We have dismal accounts of the want of
drainage,, and the otherwise unpleasant
and unhealthy coodition of the Capital of
Prussia. Vienna has been, flooded, and the
population suffer in consequence. Here,
in -England, there have been some remark
able-instances,of old age. For examples :
on the 20th February were recorded the
deaths of four ladies and two gentlemen,
whose united,ages amount to 689 years,
giving au average,of 89 years. and 6 months
for-each,; ~the youngest, a:woman, being,B2,
and the,oldest,nlso,ofthe eame r sex, having
reached the age of 103. years. Again, on
the 25th February, was mentioned the
death of another lady aged 103 years, leav
ing three sons, aged, 75, 77, and 79, 24
grand-children, 51 , great grand-children,
and 2 greatiFreat grand-children. Some
years since died an old lady—well known
to me—dri her 97th year, who had the most
vivid' recollection of George 111., Queen
Charlotte, and their family. It was quite
picturesque to hear her describe the "Prince
ofWales, ' (the future George IV.) and the
.I);iike' of York, as they rode gout on horse
back. One could almost see the cavalcade
of princes and courtiers sweep by.
A CONTESTED' ELECTION is coming on
in County Longford, Ireland. One of its
members having, , accepted a subordinate
office under Government, was obliged by
law to:appeal afresh to the electors. There
upon , the• priests met in ; conclave, and
leagued= , themselves, to oppose Col. White.
They have set up as their candidate, Major
O'Reilly, the, man who fought in Italy for
the Pope, and who ,was taken prisoner
along.with the'debris 'of the Irish Brigade.
'O'Reilly is the popular candidate. His
address ; for the. bigoted -papists points to "a
Government,hostile, to your
• religion, to its
venerable Head, and its dearest interests."
He declares that if elected he will oppose,
is Parlisnient " the system of sacrilegious
iniasion.and robbery pursued.by Piedmont,
which has ; receiv,ed theisanetion of English
ministers ".--that he will demand " free
Catholic educaqon, the radical reform of
the NatiOnalAyatem' and the . recognition
,of 'one University." shall advocate de
liverance from!" the monster grievance of
an alien Church Establishment, perma
nency of tenure for land-holders, extension
of the suffrage and the ballet, and a reform
of the Peer Law, and Grand Jury' Laws.
The Conservatives, to their credit, are
opposing the Papal nominee. Popular fan
aticism is roused to the utmost, and the
issue of the election is doubtful.
Your •PirVAlid's , Part.—A- Virginia cir
cuit preacher gives the following illustra
tion of faith that. would remove moun
tains," which he heard from the lips of a
negro preacher, who* was holding *forth to
his congregation . upon the subject of obey
ing the commands of the Almighty :
.!'lire,dr,erie' be said, in his :broken way,
"whavbe,r.de poi' God tell me, to do in
dis blessed bOol6,"'holding 'up at the same
old'imd evidently mita-read Bible
—aP.dafrin. gwine to'do. If I see in it
dat must jump troof a stone wall4= I'm
gwing tojtunp troa, it belongs
at it longs; to me."