Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, January 04, 1862, Image 1

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    V'XINNE ALL/8014 S. LIMN.
Editors and Proprietors.
DsLivigim IN Errals.or, Tip OVII 2.00
TWO DOLLARS, We WI 100 by mall seventy number
for ONe 1/01,14%, thirty-tithe übmbeni.
p lawn gentling us twatorr eubsonlbere,ppd upwarde,, will
thereby entitled to a paper witioot ohms°.
Den male should be promptohlittli betbre the year expires •
Send payinentl by,mati.
Direct in letters ' DAM irlilPitET CO"
INittebbigh, Pa.
Tor the PreehYterian Banner.
Diligenie and NOV
f t
" 'see whke Cain - fort of his life
Mr. Ilarriso• takes; said Joseph to his
father; he is:11110o at work. lie never
takes any time , 4O rest."
gl He sliteteet - night, don't " said
Mr. Armstrong.
y es ,.
suppose hedoes ; bit 'l'
never tialtAlurresting to the daytime."
"Re is a very strong man, and does not .
iteediriuch'rest during the day": -
" 1 *wild think he n would *it, to enjoy.
hintoot i iotrietimqs.".
14 X Presume he fiayth
ndie:enjoyment in
exertion.. A man who lovei hisivork, 'and ,
is diligent in it, finderpleastire init. 'There,
is.a great, deal more :etlltYinent fatnatl. in ex
ortionlhin there inirt rest." -,, ; •
The that, enjoyteent is ,found, in: rest
lather * :erettion,ls :a'comMon one,
but it is not at:all in aceerdince"With hu
man ezperiotide. The Most, active men—
voluntarily native, are thnmost 4ppy Men..
know that many an active man has looked
i'orward to al time of rest as the time of
enjoyment; but *hen that time of rest hae
ome, he has foUnd that heWat:less happy
than he was in the days:of exertion. tied
has so made the body and the mind, that
it finds its happiness in healthful, activity.
The same law hoids true with respect to
the religions lift. A life of retirement, -
ineditation and prayer is thought by many
to bring the greatest amount of "enjoyment.
:letirement, meditation and prayer are
pleasant; but when they forni the staple of
'de, the highest religions enjoyment is not
reached. To: this, activity to doing good
.!s necessary. :,:No man liveth 'unto himself.
letirement, resti..may conduce to peace,
I,nt diligence is necessary to delight. The
liligence of Edwards, of Martyn, :and of
:?ayson, contributed to their , intense me
enjoyment—their delight in sacred
•:hings.. •
Instead of seeking, for , enjoyment, di
rectly, let us: seek for diligence in duty.
Diligence lies in. the way to delight.
Painaseu—DzeiscustoN of WAL—TI3II CASINZT-43ENNOm
AND 111111 1 i$D—NorlIAL RUTNIX AND nvimuaNati FOR WORE
ma MaN= NAGOND 804001 d AND RAO 0014ZOTION—Wycwria
NED,wotmn—Taz OLD ONvnan—TD .Litzucta," tam FEZ
LONDON, Dec: 7 , 1861.
SPEcuai PRAYER is being offered in con
nexion with the Anglo-American crisis.
"To OUT knowledge," says the Record, of
Monday last, "'it was anticipated in some
of the metropolitan , churches, yesterday,
and we cannot doubt but that it, will awaken a
response in thousands of Christian hearts!'
Mitt Marsh had previously Addressed to
the Record, the following letter :
" Sir :—At this moment when a. war
with America is imminent, will you not
call upon the praying people of the land to
beseech of God yet to avert the curse of
war—a. double curse when it falls between
kindrea nations of kindred faith.
" I am, &0.,
o f Ppm Au'uoa OJP,THE MEMORI
It certainly is a special duty =and privi
lege at such a crisis, to repair to the throne
of Infinite Wisdom, to the Mercy Seat,
over whieji sits in his glory, the Govern
or of XationS., How many the 'true chil
dren of God are on either side of the At
lantic—how closely connected multitudes
of them are by! European birth place . and
Scottish,Ulstdirti English blood ! And
then how, if they share,
as both parties.
naturally do, more or less of the chafed
spirit of irritation which, as it were, fills
the air around them, how it tends to bring
both into a humble, contrite, forgiving, for
bearing condition of mind` and soul—when.
"debtors," to justice theMselves, and need
ing a free pardon from the' Great Absolver,
they say to "Our (common)_ Father which
art in heaven, forgive us our debts even as
we forgive our debtors !" May that spirit
reign and rule. -May it find enlarged and"
honest'utterancein that fresh New Year's
Concert for prayer which American mis
sionaries Were the first to propose. And
may the lanswer comea-rsuch as-,the real
friends , of -Evangelical Until and Protest
ant strength, would and ought most earn
estly to desire and long O."
The conviction prevails Imre that our
Government does. not wish a conflict, and
also that President Lincoln is of , the same
mind, and likely to disavow thallroceed
ings of an officer, who, it is now sler,..acted
without orders, and proceedings,
whether legal or illegal,, not only exasper
ates many, but also daniages , even the Fed
eralist cause both politically and in refer
ence to the tremendous home stiliggie in
whichthe United States,. by no fault of
their own, are involved. Thus evil is done
for example, in the sense that a loan could
not now be raised, if it were required, so
110 to arrest a drain of gold (ere long be
lieved to be coming,) tathis side from New
York. In like manner, the prohibition by
Royal' proclamation, of the departure from
the 'United Kingdom, of saltpetre, nitrate
of soda brimstone , arms of., all kinds, &a.,
of which .immense quantity had lately
been purchased or ordered, must be a loss
of no small amount to the cause of the
United States.' . . .
General Scot*. letter to the Paris•pa
pert., tends to increase hopes of a peaceful
settlement, as be clearly denies that any
order was previouslf given to Captain
Wilke to, stop English vessels, in search r.
for Udel and Masonf , kAt, all events he
is anxious to prevent a War. But the dif
ficulty is, that he calls that "a pretence,"
which our Law officers (lona& ~the law of
the question—namely;thothe, 2, l rent ought
to have been taken into port. .Alas, if it
be true what the Daily Telegrapk,:says of
the. issue of negotiations: " Those' who
know best, hope least; .and we may talk of;,
this coming conflict with: only too .01100,
1 la that our talking;, will , have been'
ffitown away," • I trust and hopathat,this
will prove au unwarranted foreboding.
at Edinburgh. Upwards of ninety persons
have perished by the sudden fall of one of
thorn old and lofty ,bouses of, the r itigh
Street, which have: arrested ,thaeya of ev
ery American visitor. What-great, his
toric stones and persdnages have been iden
tified with that ancient path*ay - or ;the
Soottisli t past. There stood and still, stoinTds
the house: of. John Knox, to Whose, upper
most story I
have penetrated ere the 'Free
Church purchased it, and placed. a churl%
by its 'side;nol-filfed with living
pars, a O
"and tho i oe of that" bleSsed'EVAit*"
gel" which Knox loved to proclaim.
Up that street: oft swept .Royal, proces
sions from Efotyrood Palace to the Castle,
and there were seen the dancing plumes,.
and the kelted bands of , the Pretender and
his followers, in his short-lived possession
of Edinburgh, in 1745, ~The strength,-of
these houses, with, theit; thick walls,-must:
have been great to have, endited so long..
But now a warning has been giveti by the
sudden and overwhelming, T op, and ”by
thobe 6astly, mangled; suffoexted
whose corpses, Seen by „Di. Ciut rie, furn,
ished the : great prop* with ►u awfully.
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Mi - A,33 , rfirr
VOL • PTO.` 16'
awakening appeal, soon after, to a crowded,
congregation, and a solemn call to her
" ready." Dr; Begg, who. ik;yhry ninth;
religiously, of a Tribune,,ofithe people s sad..
who as a Suet; making'
righteeni bnioralizing " both
is systeMi"Plevalent on Scottish farms and
pasture .grounds; has taken advantage of
the Edinburgh calamity, to lift up' his
voiee'in earnest protest on the over-eroved.
big of the population, and on the necessity
of providing the working classes with
proper dwellings.
such is a new development of the Ragged
School system. The Shon-blaok. Brigade
began with twenty-four boys, but its num
ber: for the year. ending February last, was
three hundred ~ancl thirty-one, and their
year's earnings were 44,447, , .from shoes
and hoots blanked: at id. eaoh pair on. Lon
don streets. The new movement will be-
gin with January, 186/ During the
month .or October last, no less than 7,850
bags of foreign rags were auctioned at Liv
erpool, alone. the rags in. London itself,
clippings, &c., must be immense. There
is a class of dealeis in them, who keep
" Marine Stores," so called, and where
short, weights are often used, and their
proprietors often tempt servants to rob
their masters. Now we shall have the fine
boys in, clean; dress and uniform, calling at
our doors for rags, ,hones, kitchen stuff,
waste paper, worn and broken metal, &c.
They will have covered trucks, scales,
weights, and receipt books, and, pay ready
moneyfor, their purchases. An adult su
perintendent, will, for the first few months,
accompanyeach party. A " Brigade Bank"
will be-established, and no boy will be
raised to the position of collector, and in
trusted Itith the money`' for the daily trad
ing payments, till Jut has at his credit in
this bank, a sum sufficient to'gUirantee the
amount orhis daily. dealings. Store rooms
will benbtained, where under skilled man-
agement the boys will.sort.and prepare the
stuff for sale. Could not this movement
be introduced with great advantage into
American towns and cities?
week the subject of a very able lecture be
forethe Young Men's Association, at ,Exe
ter Hall. The lecturer is an eminently
useful and Evangelical preacher in the Es
tablished Church, well versed in, or rather
deeply imbued with, peculiar views in the
ology, and wont' to address awakening or
edifying discourses' of rare excellence to a
very numerous and deeply attached congre
Lion in Solloway, Loudon., .The lecture—
although it lasted two hours—was long
but not lengthy, and' in the middle of it a
hymn was sung by the vast audience, to the
Swellina b diapasorr of the great organ. The
first part of the lecture gave a pictorial and
historically faithful sketch of the social and
moral conditionsof the 'people of, England in
the age when Wycliffe appeared, as well as.
in that immediately preceding. The baie
King John and the terrible Papal Inter
diet, by which the whole kingdom was put
under ban, the mass‘ left unsaid, and the
dying unannealed and unshriven ; the
°hunter and reign of Edward V.; the
wealth and luxury of the regular clergy;
the sudden rise of Abe Dominican Friars,.
their immediate popularity, and their sell
ing (in connexion with •preaching. at Fairs
and the exhibition of holy
,relics,) of
" pardons;" their greed and covetousness;
and then their denunciation. by Wycliffe,
his circulation in MS. of small tractates
among the people, showing that pardon
must come from God alone, and through
the merits of Jesus Christ; the spread of
the leaven. of Lollardy .specially WI the
midland counties, and also in Kent; the
danger of Luther from the.enraged bishops;
his appearance at old St. Paul's his pro
tection by great nobles espousinghis cause;
his parish labors at Lutter*orth, in Leices
tershire ; and, above all, his magnum opus,
the first translation of the Bible into
the English tongue—finally; "his death and
burial, and forty-four years afterwards, the
exhuming and burning of his bones by
Papal zealots~; " his ashes, as old Fuller
bath it, being " cast into the Swift, thence
into the Severa l thence into the Narrow
seas, and'so passing, like, his. own doctrine,
all round• the world."
Mr. Mackenzie. very strikingly pointed
-the indebtedness of the Englishuatiou
to Wycliffe, or rather to Him.whe has kin
died inn) light and usefulness this " Morn-,
iog Stare. of the Reformation." And. lie
closed with two solemn and weighty les
sons, a disceurse which was received with
great enthusiasm—the first; how much one
man -might do; and the-second, a voice of
personal,- monition to every youth present:.
".My son, , ,know thou the God of thy:t
&the; and serve, him with a perfect heart.
and a willing.mind ; if thou seek, him; he l
will be found of thee, but if thou forsake.
him, he will cait,thee, off forever!?
A visit to Lutterworth had been made by, ;
myself, in the discharge of,publie,duty, the
week preceding this lecture in, Exeter Hall.
This coupled with my, personal acquaint-,
acme with *Mr. Mackenzie, made me feel
ihe more deeply interested. Let me try to
take your readers with me to Litterworth.
- We` ave got to a railway station nearest to
'it . —nearly four miles ff o--en the midland
counties , railway. We must walk those
four miles. Well, let it be so. We are on
the broad highway, with almost as broad an
troddenmargin, quick set hedges on either
side, and far as the eye can see, green. fields,
Kilthough,,,tlevember ,is almost ,at its last
breath,) on which are herds of cattle and
ffeeks of Sheep. These are among the
, fittest 'pastures id all' England, and these
old ditches that divided them—just like
those at Kenilworth , and in the neighbor
hood—can be little changed since Wycliffe's
days. The associations are entirely agri
cultural ; and that front - a' small market
town,. in , the midst of such a peaceful,
bucolic legion, should.go forth an influence
that should awake to rage.the Tatican, and
almost convulse it with terror, _ and mt the
same time should draw forth (for,thebene
fit of millions unborn,) " from dusky se
, questration " the Scriptures .of Truth-7
this ,is hard to realize. Thus felt I, „too,
when J,atood once on the field of Waterloo,.
se site**, and nature in the, freshness of
sweet Su‘mer in its noon; so have I, felt
at „Newark, r , in Nottinhamshire, whence
Cromwell's cannon, planted on th ' ese green,
artificial mounds outside , the town,
drigen .out Charles 1., crambling ,the old
caitle about his, ears, and compelling him
to give himself 'up to the Scottish army . ,
but three miles away.
Such meditations bring us to Latter
worth;on the West' of a swelling 'upland,
and tctits old church Mies. to the left of
thelltighway, once, as in. Wycliffe's time,
mroWned with a spire,"'(Whose model' is
within the Church;) bui that taken away
by a lightning bolt, as if to say that ROM P S'
proud pretensions were -humbled to the
dust, where once she said, '" am a Lady
'forever— , * * I shall know'no sorrow."
Soon after we repairi- accompanied by a
,courteous Congregationalist pastor to the
church , itself...An old: woman custodian _of
,the keys is sought onti and. , while there -is
a little delay:in her,arrival, we survey: be
exterior of, the building.. .The nave; is
narrow, the, channel, still F more , so. The,
,achiteeture is, ,evidently: net, unique 7--, it. is.
of ..,different styles and centuries. , One por.
I tion., only, the nave, is, as old as the four
penal century, and beneath the low arch
fir that old doorway in the Southern `side,
ofttimes, it is believedi. Wycliffe had
stooped, going to and..fro in the discharge
of his priestly functions",--for he lived rand.
died nominally a pries! of Borne.
But now the door is opened; and we enter
the 'building. It is sadly disaPpointing as
to the' aspect of antiquity,' because the
high-backed pews of.sthe,' last• century are
everywherb except in tht. chancel .itself.
Here, however, are the nave and the old,
arches perfect—the voice_ of Wycliffe once
chanted "matins" or " even-song" here,
and better still, gave forth , utterances .of
truth which reached flowingly the hearts of
many whose dust has, been •resting,without
in the old churchyard, for well nigh five
hundred years: There are here also the
alleged relics of Wycliffe'a time---the' chair
at the side-of - the communion table,"-in
which he was wont tocsit ; the portrait in
the vestry, (or sacristy,) which was said to
have been taken from life, and the holy
vestment or " chasuble * " in which he used
'to minister at the altar.
As glibly as that well-remembered old'
'woman who showed me, at Warwick Castle
Lodge, the ":porridge pot"-of Guy, Earl
of Warwick, (in which. messes , were pre
pared fbr his, soldiers,) and who concluded
her, fee-prompted description by taking a
long crow-bar and sweeping it round the
edges of the porridge 'pot, causing it to ring
out in tones of, thunder ,the echoes of :..a
mighty past—so ,glinly talked in days past
the guide who led strangers through the
parish church at Latterwarth, and 'pointed
out the real and original relics of John
Wycliffe. But alas i l for. her. Her "occu
pation," if it is not "gone," is now shorn
sadly of its glories, and she can only now
take you into a corner of the sacristy, and
show you a very old oaken chest, clasped
with iron plates, (a real dry-as-dust box,
older, perhaps, than even ,Wyeliffe's time,)
in which she . thinks the great man
. once
kept his books.
But how is tins? Why, a famous Rug
by antiquarian, and a Member of an Eccle
sielogical Church Society, not long since
appeared at Lutterworth. Thoroughly
" up" in all architectural. styles, and as,
cognisant of the ages of arches and archi-,
traves of oriel windows and pillars as is pro
fessor Owen, of the ostecdogy of Magathe=
ria and other pre-mundane mattersythis cru
el and: relic-c/ast (excuse meceining a word.
for the nonce,) made out by, a demonstra
tion (in Lutterworth Town Hall,) convincing
even to the reluctant Ltitterworthians them
selves, that the " chair" was comparatively
modern; that the f‘ portrait "I.Waa but the
copy' of another, which ,itself 7 -presenting
Wycliffe, not• with the beardless, face and,
shaven crown of his age and priestly office,
but with the flowing ocks and long beard,
such as were worn two or -three-centuries
laterwas a make-believe, and an imposture.
And then—as to that robe of divers colors,
'which is now covered over by a glass deer—
why, it was proved that it,' could never have
been worn by, a priest of anyage at all. Sic
transit glarza—not of Wycliffe,butuf rel
ic-worship at Lutterworth. Wycliffe, how
ever, lives, in the voice of every shore of
that sounding sea which bore his ashes
around :the world; and lives in 011 r ONVII
English Bible, which speaks- truth _and
comfort in the-backwoods and she,alings of
American forests and prairies, amid the
pine woods of Canada, in the Australian
bush-fire, and, in the myriad homes of the
Anglo-Saxon ,race. Wycliffe is, dead,- yet
alive. Kings are dead and live not, for
" all flesh is grass, andxll the glory of man
as the flower of grass—the grass withereth,
the flower fadeth, BUT THE WORD OF oun
On the Northern wall of the church at
Lutterworth, are two cenotaphs—one in:
memory of Dr. Ryder, who was formerly
Rector'ef the parish, but who became Bishop
of Lichfield—holy, beloved, and long time
a great evangelical Light. and Witness for.
Christ and who "multurn jiebilis occidit -"
the other in honor of Wycliffe himself,
erected about twenty' ears,ago by the Rec
tor- Mr. Gurney, now the vigorous and;'ex
cellent incumbent of the parishof Maryle
bone, London. I cannot refrain from
recording, in your,columns„ this 'just and
loving tribute to the. illustrious Reformer
before the Reformation:
Sacred to - the memory of John •Wye
liffe, the: earliest: champion of ecclesiastical
reformation in _England. •;. He was born in.
Yorkshire A. D. 1324. In 1375 he was
presented to the Rectory, of Lutterworth,
where/he died' on the 31st December, 1384.
At. Oxford,.he acquired.:not only the 're
nown of. a consummate scholar, but the, far
*tore glorious title of the Evangelical Doe
tor. His whole :life was one 'impetuous
'struggle agairist the 'Corruptions and en
'croachments • of 'the +Papal> Court and- the
impostures, of its devoted auxiliaries, the
Mendicant Friars.. ,
" His labors in the cause of Scriptural
truth, were crowned by one 'remarkable
achievement--his translation; of the Bible
into the English tongue_ This mighty
work drew on him, indeed, the bitter ha
trecl of all who were making Anerchandise
of popular credulity .and ; ignorance. But
.he found an, abundant reward in the bles
sings of his countrymen, of every rank and
age, to Whom he unfolded the words of
eternal lifet
- "His mortal remains were interred near
this spot, but they were not allowed to ,rest
in peace. After a lapse of many years, his
bones were dragged from the grave and
consigned to the flemes;and his ashes were
cast into 'the . seaters . - , of the adjoioing
I am not aware that this. inscription has.
ever been published- in the 'United States,.
or even in England; probably it appears
in print the : first time in your columns. It
is painful for me to conclude this somewhat
lengthened, bar I trust not uninteresting
notice of Wycliffe, Lutterworth, by stating'
that the true old Gospel is not preached
now • in the parish, church. There are both
Rector and Curate; they are not High-
Churchmen and exchisivn; they are civil
and courteous, but ' the sheep look up and
are not fed." Life, light, and power, with
the Gospel of the grace of. God, are, alas!
P. S.—A terribly disastrous and de
strUctivre fire, involving the lois of life to a
considerable extent, has taken place at Ant
Thereis, great depression in, stocks, and
shares. 'Consols have fallen since the news
of the Trent affair, about four per vent.
This does not - alter' the state of political
feeling; `but indicates how very unsettled
Matters have heednie.• A Paragraph froin
the Paris - J"airie.puryerts to _give :the; gen
-erall bearing ofthei dispatch sent., by the.
British , Lord , Lyons,:it from
:whidbi", says the 3 1 intes'. money article of
this; day, " it would:appear that the Cabinet
have,k in a spirit: of conciliation, restrained
from .irequiring,
~an apology, contenting
themselves with Simply, insisting that the
wrongful, act should, be remedied, by the
atirrender ,of the persons improperly cap
, turgid. This," adds the a l bites, !imam. read:
with great i intereat." .
The same: article: hasu the _ following::
"Considerable , anziety.• prevails-, as ..tti the
period which Willibe allowed for mail com-,
tannication,yith Americat;lnibaap ota deer
;oration of war. This matter, however, has
been well provided for in a convention
concluded between the'two countries; dated
December 15th, 1848, *hen Mr. Polk was
President of the Unitid States, and Lori
Palmerston was at our :Foreign, office. By
this it is stipulated, that in ease of war
between the two natio*, Mail packets of -
the two services shall a`ontinue navigation,
without impediment or inolestation, until siz
weeks after a notificatiOn shcri I 'have beens
made on depart of eithervitheGovernments,.
(and the OthOr,) that the aervies
is to be discontinued; In which ease they
shall be permitted to return/radiant/under
special, protection, to thefr respective ports. ,
,The feelings suggested by the words of this
convention, and the possibility of a dirul.
lion and gulf of separation between:kindred ,
minds, sack as; would stv„, ultimately, eor-,,
respondence and, letters of all kinds,ure too ;
painful to dwell on. But I have
hopes that God, in his mercy, will rule it
otherwise, - • - • • ,
Mr. Bright says that tlte,Seisoaremboard
the Trent, was " and A hati," ,but
urges the nation to be 44 cairn,"anii strong
ly sippOrts the Union cause. Mr Cobden
calls for a' complete reikiork,n,a amen&
tnent .of internationalhause.
I Come 1 1'hee.
I come, 0 Lord, to . thett
In esa and 'grievous thoughts I hear thy call,
And I mutt-come,-or else front theta
' Deeper in misery. • •
I have not kept thy
And yet thou biddest me to taste thy love; '
Shaming my faithless heart that e'er could rove
From thee, 0 gracious Lord
• Shame wraps my heart around,,
Like morning gloom upon the mountaina spread ;
Indignant memory, avenger dread,
Deepenseaoh restless wound:.-
Yet I must come to Thee:
Thou hest the wads lof life• and, thou alone;
Thou sitest Upon the Mediator's throne; -
Wherashould a : sinnertee ?
Nor saint nor angel's WM
Could lift the burden from thisidaded 'breast:
Weary I come,. and thou ; wilt;give me t resk—r,:
Thou, wilt thy word fulfil.,
COMO tolhee, since 'all.
To faithis .poesible, in faith kaolin r
As blind, and daaf, and halt,, And; mOuted, And
ilafbra 'thy, fedi fall
Whom didst thou turn awayl
'From what distress was hid thy pitying face ,
What cold rehuke e'er checked the cry l'or grace;
Can /unheeded pray!
Saviour, O come to save? .
Speak but the word, thy servant shill be whole;
Turn, Lord, and look on me quicken my soul
Out of this living'grave.
Enter my opening heart; ,
Fill it with love and peace, and light from
heaven ;
Give me thyse/f, for all in thee is given ;
Come, never to depart.
—There are now in the Canton province
about 28 missionaries at fivn*six'stiitiont3';
10 in .Amoy, B , at Foochow, among:-.600,0 . 0 . 0.
inhabitants, making 18 in the Fnnkien
province ; 10 or 12 in the Chin-kiang,
province at 'Nino° ' 23 in the Kiang-sn
province at "Shanghai, 7 in that of `Shan
tung, 6 in Chi-li, 2 in Hoo-peh, and 1. at
Nankin; makingover,llo Protestant , mis-:
sionaries in seven or eight provinces of this
vast empire. When will the Christian
Church fully odeupy all its provinces with
the heralds Of the truth ?
It will interest our readers tuknow
Lahnay, the Karen convert who came. to
this city some-six years ago, left
sein" on Thursday, in the ship Premger,
Capt Dunbar. During his stay here he
has enjoyed excellent educational- advan-'
tages at Fairfax. andat Madison ILTniversity.
At the invitation of hie.own people. he
now rdturns to labor among them asa teach
er and preacher. He goes out unaer the
auspices of no society, and' his support 'on
the field. is pledged by the Karen Chris=
tians:, This is the of r ,t,
our missionary history, and the, prayers of
many will follow him to his native, land.
.Through the exertions of A. Locke;
Esq., of Watertown, who has acted'as his
guardian, an .excellent... outfit was, secured;
his expenses paid, and all; necessary, corn,.
forts provided for the journey , Watch-
man and Reflector.
IN EAST PRUSSIA a great change is in
progress in the organization of churches.
For a long time past, office-bearers have open .
been greatly deficient in qualifications and
character. At the present tiate,-hoirever;
every congregation ,is ,adeptiog,
the Presbyterian plan of having- a:beneh of -
Elders, and steps are taking to have only
.men of living faith; pure meials," and a
sincere and. intelligent attachment to the
Church, introduced into • this ,-ofriett, or sit"
in Church Courts. As soon as-the congrar:
. .
gallons generally have elected Buell Elders,,,,
Synods are being organized ; an 4, as, the
effort is making to have them etennosed of
the right kind of men, great resika are an
, ticipated-for the cause.of truth awl right-4
eous nes&
fully exhibited in the following incident.
taken from the Missionary Advocate
" As we were concluding ;breakfast this
morning, : a very respectably dressed ,elderly; ; .
C hinaman entered, and addressed-a, few
words to Dr. Legge on businem. As he ,
departed the Doctor remarked, theye
specimen of what the Gospel can do for a
Chinaman. • Twelve years ago' that man
was a miserable, tattered, .filtby opium-,
smoker, a cook, on small wages to a.colonial
policeman. In some way his attention was
called to Christianity, and he gradually
broke off opium. smoking,.-hecatna an at
tendant, at the London illissionary. Chapel,_;.
and finally applied ,for baptism. The pro,
bation was passed, and the time,set for, the
administration of the, sacred' ordinance ar.
rived.. the church was ,crowded, but the
candidate did not maka his appearanee,Ank
the services proceeded withont him. Near,
the end of the meeting he came in and ex,- ,
plained thacause of, his delay. Hs hrntal.2,'
master, had compelled cook e, late
dinner, anethus eninedlis detention. xis;
excuse wa&aceePtefly.aolilt; was baptized::
Temperancit and,inoderation„wi,tb.the,qoan-,, , ,
tenance 441.,thristien, , Extends , sit ,ones pn .
JiltrLAto prosperous oimg4wes;.a4 4l , 6
now owns a. flock AftY2 or 2.okw,t,t
whose milk is uset - ;t. 3 , foreigners wi the.,
colony for want .of, cow's and Whosat,
flesh is sold to the shipping in the harbor
Concluded. Dr, Legge, every now
and then he, brings ten. dollars as an
offering to the Lord.",
Buy. Jksizs..STiseats , Isot,hesti,sent, out
by• tgei: Miasion , ,COmmittee Free.
Church : of = Sootland,sto I examine , :the , Zara-.
besbcountry iroAfricn, and reportnpoil thei
eniedienityjOf ',establishing thero a Snot
tish Presbyterian blistion,
,Europe, which have already achieved such
great results for Germany and Scandinavia,
are rapidly spreading Eastward in Russ*
and Poland. ; ,They have;already three
hundred members among, the. Poles, and in
Russia proper - their cause is likewise pros
perous. Their 'success argues well for the
future of Protestantism in the powerful
Slavic race, which occupies the whole of
Eastern Europe and of Northern Asia, and
in which hitherto Protestantism has been
but very feebly represented.--/liethodist.
the missionary's wife that the cares and, la
hors incident to rude and rudely-furnished
quarters and scanty means of subsistence
fall most heavily. - In the quiet sPhere of
:her daily life, aWay.froM the sustaining ex
, eitearent of the world's. obeervation, and
the cheering yoke ofits sympathy, are
found' the most, exhausting endurance, the
most trying seem ces,the` noblest hero-,
ism: The birden that -geese's'. most crush
ingly.upon manya MissionarfoSpirit to-day,
is found, not ; in his anxiety. concerning- the
success of, his work,., though_.that may, be,
great s nor In th l ediscouragements that be-,
set his h, though they may' be laity,
but the 'faet that he is Compelled to•see
his best friend 'and -helper, the heart com
pardon. who, while yet in her .youthfril
freshness and bloom, left a home of abund
ante and luxury, to share - with him the ii
eissitudei and privations of missionary, life,
bending, bending, bending'graveward, while
arordsrof cheer and courage are still on her
lips, and he, for ; the lack of a few paltry
dollars, powerless to lighten,her toil, or to
do aught to avert the'blow that threatens to
darken his home, and east a - sad add brood
ing sharlownverall--the future of his earthly
lite. Scattered throughout the Western
field, Ave early-made, graves of wives .and
mothers, which commemorate desolated
missionary, homes. Their names have no
place in the recordi of earthly fame, but
they are written heaven, as the names of
those whose death, in the sight of the,Lord,
is preelous:---Honte Missionary:
"Keep to ,the right," as the; law directs,
ger such is the law. of ;the road;
Keep ea .the right, whoever expects
&calmly to carry life's load: '
Keep to the rightwith God,and themorld,
Nfir wander, .theughSollralluresi -
Keep t to the right,, nor )ever be hnrjed
Frew. what iry the .stitute is pies.
LWOW- FOREVEIL-71 . must, live,forever
--not this 'body, hut I. The body may be
consigned to the flames and reduced to
ashes; or it may-lie down - in the old faniily
burying-ground 'and moulder back to its
original dust with the dear ones who have
gone.before.. I must live. 1 must live,
when. the names or Alexander, Washing
ton, Wellington are forgotten. When the
memory of Waterloo, Solferino, and the re
bellion,of shall. have perished ; when
the morning stars. that sang together at
creation's birth shall have sung earth's re
%Mem,`l shall live. Nay, when those stars
themselves shall have been blotted out, I
shall only have4.egun,
,;.• :and I must
five forever, awl- ever . A fearful trust is
committed :to me, which can : never lay
Dounrin • ESE. OF RAIMENT.—"-If thou
ali take, thy, neighbor's raiment to pledge,_
thou shalt deliVer it unto him by that the
sun goeth dovin ; for that, is his covering
only, it is his' raimentfor his skin; wherein
shall he sleep _and it shall come to pass,,
when he crieth unto me, that I will hear;
for I am aracious:7—Exodus xxii.: 26 27.
. In all parts of Southern Africa'the skin
cloak is theiovering of males and females
by day, and that in which they sleep by
night. They 'have no other bed-clothes.
The Hottentot cloak,is composed of sheep's
skins, retaining the wool on the inside; in
which he sleeps, comfortably under a bush
or tree`wherever he goes. Deprive him of
that coveringi - and-he would'find himself
most nneomfortably..placed.„ , .It would be a
cruel act.- The natives:farther in the inte
rior have-=cloaks made from the hides of
oxen or eels, which they hive a method of
making soft and pliable and use exactly
for the samepur.poses as the ethers,inamely
,for clothing t and , for sleeping in.-- Camp
bell'a African Light.
ROWLAND HILL used to,say,o.See there
be no sermon without three Rs in it;:Ruin
by the fall, Righteousness by Christ, and
Regeneration by the Spirit.
llaste, traveller, haste I the night comes on,
And many a shining tour is gone;
The storm ii gathering in 'the`West;' , -
And thou:art der, frOm home `and• rest,—
Haste, traveller,. haste
Oh ! far from home thy footsteim stray,
Christ is the life, and Christ the way,
And Christ the light. Yon setting esin
ero , the moon is seareeTheguri ; .
.Haste r travOler, haste
HOW, A, CURATE ., 1%. ; RECTOR.--
Archbishop Whately, in his "Annotations
on Bacon's Essays, relatei the following
anecdote : " A curate of a 1:ondon parish,
of most exemplary conduct, *as accustom
ed to remonstrate very freely with any of
.his people whose life was not what,it should
have been. They wished, much to get rid
of him, but Could find-no pretext for com
plaint; either'to the Rector or the Bishop.
They therefore hit upon this cunning plan :
They drew• up and signed a memorial, to the
Bishop, setting ,fortli f the admirable, charac
tar of the entate,, lamenting that,. his emi
nent worth should not be rewarded, and
earnestly` recommending . him for prefer
ment. •Soon -after, this very .living quite
unexpectedly . betame, vacant, -whereupon
the Bishop,, considering how acceptable, as
well as deseriino• he appeared co be, pre
sented him to it, informing him of the me
morial. The good man thanked his people
with:tearful 'eyes,*rejoicing that they had
,taken in good part.his freedom of speech,'ad assuring them that he would continue
I t'll his life the course which - had won their
Wharf are the Nine ?
Our Lord once asked this question when
ho was oh the earth. He had" eleanseCten
lepers, and only one of them returned to ex ,
press his; gratitude !for the, mercy ahown
him. The, others luade, no:tetnrnt whatever
to the Soo ofrtGod, and ,• it, was,: this ,that.
made him -, , ask,. FA;Where xare; the nine -r
It shows. that he 4,expeots; some IltakentioAkt
gratituo.: froM- ,thalw he ffsvets, anaPleela
the basenessof aot when an refuse fo r
acknowledges their-, thankfulness. t And
Surely:its:is not too much fort him to, ex,
pect. Be; . makes .no charge for Itia
cies. He •setti-uo price on the -dewdrops or
the sunshine, nor on the , bread we 'eat, or
the raiment, we t weari-, nor for ,liealtle," home,
, 1 0,f t iandai—licx.for his life, his agooies,his
blood—r, inSrifor *iamb s oriveace, Ts, joy .in
th e Heit i Ghost, With him eveyythiti::
"-without money and without ?price." 9 But
wVist3 all ,his,:,gifts area free, he d?ps ‘ ask,
'tome return from thosO i lie ? has,hernendea„
WHOLE NO. 484.
He wants what every 'father asks of his
children, a loving heart and a life devoted to
his interests. But here iswhere we see the
baseness of men. How few are found ;to
return and give glory to God ? Yet where
is the man who• is under no obligations to
him ? Not merely for general blessings,
but-also and rather for special merciew. to
soul and body, and family, and success in
life ? , And. what promises have been made
to him in times of danger and trouble, on
condition of his deliverance ? His deliv
erance has come, and they were rescued ;
" But where are the nine'?" Oh!'it seems
to us, that question. must often be -asked hp
the Son of God, in these - our days. On
every Sabbath day, when the ahureh bell
_calls men to worship God, he enters the
sanctuary,' and, remembering how many
who haVe been favored; have heard -the
call, but are- away, he asks again, as of old,
"Where;are -the_ nine?".:,At- every com
munion season, he * comes down and calls the
roll, and then in amazement asks, " Were
not ten cleansed ?" " but where are the
nine ?" Every night when he giveth his
beloved. sleep, and rocks, the cradle , of the
earth, he hears voices of singing , and,
prayers coming up from altars at hearth:
stones, yet so few in number that again,µ
as of old, he asks, " Where are the *nine ?"
We pass around our papers and books for
the names and contributions of; all those
who are willing to aid the cause of . Christ
and in the world; after these lists are re
turned, they are scanned, by the eye of One
" who was rich, yet for .our sakes became
poor," and missing. the -names xof many
whom he has; delivered, he inquires again,;
a But where are the nine ?" ' And this is
not so much the language of inquiry, as it
is of astonishment and pain. To be
*minded in-the house of his friends, to be the men whom he has cleansed,
this is the hardest blow of all, and infin
itely worse than the idolatry of the heathen,
or the unbelief of the Jews.
But there cometh the day when that
question will be asked again. When the
sheep shall once be separated from the - goats,
and Christ shall compare the number of
those actually saved with the number he
favored with great blessings and opportuni
ties, he will once 'more ask, "Were - not
ten cleansed? 'But 'where are the nine?"
And there come :aback•: from the re
gion of the damned, the reply, "They :are
here 1"
Then, reader, " give glory to God, be
fore he cause darkuess."—Lutheran and
Too Much Talk--Too Little Prayer.
Have' .we not in, this caption indicated
the.great mistake, not: to , say the great. sin
—of the American, people? We ail talk;
we discuss; and speculate, and criticise, and
find fault, and " opinionate," as a friend of
ours has it, 'concerning the movements.and
aspects of public affairs; but we fear that
comparatively few really and humbly . , and
fervently pray over these matters, " spread
ing them out," - as good Hezekiah did his
case in time of trounle, " `before the Lord."
'Evens on the day of our National Past, your
decided conviction is that, there wee too lit
tle praying in proportion to the preaching.
A very large number of very good sermons
were delivered; probably many more than
were really needed; and- so the sermons
were talked about; and the war was. talked
about, and the Government was talked
about- and the secessionists were talked
about, and all things pertaining to our con
dition were talked about, with the very
breath that ought to have been spent in prayer
to,God. Is it not so :2. Jehovah says, "Be
still, and know that I am God;" ; but we
are hardly willing to be still long enough, to
know this as we ought to know it.
Physicians are accustomed to judge of
the state of the body by the tongue, and
somebody,has reinarked.. that philosophers
judge of the state of the mind by the same
means According to this method, it may
be fairly assumed that the mind of the great
majority is in a fevered condition, and need's
cooling and soothing . 'appliances. 'We
recommend ,a more thorough, trial , . of ~the
tranquilizing efficacy, of ,prayer. Thou
wilt keep him :in perfect peace • whose mind
is stayed on thee, because he trusteth tbee."
$o it is written. But we shall have little
of this quiet trust, and therefore little of
this, stayed and peaceful attitude , of.soul,
without more, prayer—a more, constant
habit of carrying our solicitudes to God,
and "pouring out our hearts before him,"
instead 'of ceaselessly and nervously talk
ing our thoughts to our fellow-mortals,
Who , are as ignorant and restless, as our
And certainly we should serve our
try better by less talk and more,prayer: , It
was >by solitary, wresthnk, importunate
prayer, that Jacob became Israel, with the
assurance. Divinely communicated, ..".As a
prince hest thou power with God and with
men; and'halt prevailed!' More of the
true ".seed of Jacob," more of Israel's
power to prevail with - God, is.our country's,
special need in this hoir of her < trial ,and
peril. While we seek to increase the
strength and efficiency of our army, and
navy, may the host of the praying ores
be multiplied, and the breath of 17fUtt talk
be largely exchanged for the breath of
prevailing supplication.--Christia.n Treas
It is too much the' custom for men of the
world; and those entertainingliberal ideas,
to sneer at religion, and make its' ministers'
the subject of their scorn. We take it to
be a sign of cowardice , to scoff at either
woman or a clergyman, for the sex of, the
one and the profession of the other pro
hibits a reply. - Whatever may be said of
individnal'eases," - there something in the
clerical profession which commands our re
epect,- and, especially; -when considering the
position theybave assumed in the progress
of the present rebellion. Throughout the,
loyal States the patriotism of the clergy
men has been extraordinary, and no engine
of 'public sentimentr''is more powerful and
patriotic than the , pulpit. Some of these
appeals are among the most splendid speci
mans of eloquence,,and their effect will go
far toward, uniting the national feeling, and
concentrating' the loYal energies of our
people.. • ; -
There is a general and a just+objection
in, the ,minds of the: people against, minis
terial interference with politics. This ob
jection is just, if those who make it only
preserve the proper distinetion. The ad
enco of ,partisaiship--=the }management of
party conventions ;:the intrigues and slams
of our,elections—can { onlypollate l lhe hely.
call 4, „pit there are times ,when, politics
rises' into Patriotion, when the , Country tie=
mzurderef lief 'people their utintile energy'
and , manage the .State
day-40-ttionow. it may be necessary to. sale:
the , State. In its management we may, ex
elude 'the ministers of God 7 -4n.its salva
tion we can exclude no , one.
- The-religious element enters largelyzinto
this war. We. have :regimen* as wtgid and
orthodox ter : the. cohorts - of-,the i ftretector..
In -- previiii i ng : literapnrefer.,..the nay, the
various ecelesuatical Societies have given
great ' iniount of time, and" money.. , In :the
hospitals-the hand of , kindness'is the hand
of dev,eteeKand:-the igeetiarllf
Religion and the War.
;-- ,
Publication Office
oextrr• BUILDENtta*
PIMADZLPICII, floma-Wrerr . Tra a IiONEM
A Square, (8 Hues or lees,) one insertion, 00 seats;
subsequent insertion, 40 cents ; each line bvontgl 5 ell
A Square por qoar,teri $4.00; each, linesolAjdo cad" 1 1
A Rotuonow mode - tolidiettooloity-the '
BUSINESS NUMBS of Tex lines or low, 10.00' sorb id.
ditionalliney 10 cents.' •
Ilioritrnoas aim Pommal.
the wounded and dying are soothed by a
sister of the •Holy, Church. In maintain
ing the discipline of the camp, the relig
ions influence is controlling, and many a
fierce spirit which resists the threats and
punishment of the officers in command,
will melt into tenderness at a simple prayer,
recalling other and more innocent days.
We, therefore, read of the exertions of
the ministerwith peculiar pleasure.. bet
these gentlemen go on in their good works
A man will fight! better who prays to God
.and keeps his powder dry. The Christian
soldier may be a fanatic or a bigot; bnt hp
has "a sense of his responsibility. -and a..
knowledge of his duties which belong to
the true soldier. ~'.Atone, all, he .has the : _
conscienceof this fight, and in -this fillet:-
lion we want- men who feel the principles
at stake,,and , appreciate .the .holy causelot
which they fight. —Press.
Do You, Reail
Did you ever _think of. the pleasure. to
be derived from reading ? To hold- com 7 .,
munion With the,minds, of, good men in all t _
past ages—the purest and nciblest, the most ,
intelligent' nd far-seeing-4s certainly very
pleasing. Sweet as honey to the tastd -aro
the glowing thoughts and emotions Istirred
by a good book; and.he who.knows how to
read has always at.. hand,. .when,.: among:
books, a ready means for deriving the
highest .enjoyment. He nay truly say,
«I steed not go abroad for joys,
Who have . a twit at home.".
Did you ever think-of the projit of good
reading_?_"- How much more select the
Choice of words, and the arrangement of
the style, than in ordinary conversation t"
and then , how much more rapidly can the,
mind take in •ideas from running-the eye
over the printed page,,than when it.must a.
await the slow utterance of the lagging.
tongue Here. is the choicest and most
varied information collected by the beat
men of-theft - ages, all -brought together and
preserved for-us, -how• profitable; therefore,
to read all this, and ,to• do ; at. ene's
leisure !
Besides, did you never think how a good
book to read, or, rather how reading di9rtin
ishes temptations i botipto evil thoughts and
to bad deeds ? ,om Dr. Watts sang: with
as much ,truth as,poetry, 'to say the, least.
.For Satan Ands some misohi'ef still .
For idle lunids to'do."
With' much greater force may it be said
of that game industrious gad-about, that he
finds some mischief- for idle minds , to
think. But reading, whileit employs the
mind, will drive away, all, or, at least, most
of those tendencies rto evil thought, and
keep ~the mind occupied thoroughly with
something good. And then, when you are
reading a good book,how will= that-business
drive, away evil associates, and so fill up
your own time, that you will find no oppor
tunity to engage in wieked or in unprofita
ble deeds. Add' together, then, the Plea
sures,• the profits, and the securitics.of read
ing, and tell us, young man, tell us, young
woman if it will not pay to form a habit of
reading Y It will not coat much money,
and will save`a great deal. flt will not cost
'much labor, and' will make that labor very
sweet. It will not demand a great deal of
time, and will make all time pass away
swiftly: and. agreeably. Learn to read,
then, and follow up the practice.
Joy and Praise.
What was-the spirit of the Gospel as it
existed in the experience of believers in
the apostolic age it was •preeminently a
glad and joyous spirit. They bad received
by faith a Gospel which-brought them glad
tidings of , great joy, and their daily walk
was in the fear of the Lord and in the com
forts of the Holy. Ghost.. A natural, and
with them, the habitual expression of this
-joy was praise. No' sooner was the Lord
parted from his disciples, and carried-up to
heaven, than they returned to Jerusalem
with• great joy, and were continually in
the temple praising and blessing God."
Praise was a part of the daily expression
::of that Pentecostal gladness with which
_thousands of new converts at Jerusalem re
ceived the rust great outpouring of the.
Spirit.... "And they did eat their meat with
gladness -and singleness of heart, praising
God?' At midnight, in the inner prison
-at Phillippi, two prisoners with their feet
fast in the'stoat, were overheard praying
and -singing praises-to God. The peace
which passeth all understanding kept their
hearts, and One.who never sleeps, and who
, has promised never to forsake them, was
near. Both they and their companions in
the faith were often in tribulation; but as
the-sufferings of.ehrist: abounded in them,
sotheir consolation also abounded by Christ.
They, knew, how to he abased, and how to
abound; how' to' be full, and how to be
hungry ; and in whatsoeverstate they were,
therewith• to .be content. Whether they
were. la favor -with -all the. people, .or were
led forth to. prison death, they went
out with joy, and were led fOrth with peace:
They knew not What a day would bring
forth; but they were careful for nothing,
casting all-their care on him who oared for
Incised be ,God I ,the joy which prison
walls and chains, and
.midnight darkness
could not extinguish, was not confined to
the apostolic age. ' The history of Chris
tianity, down- to the time of Constantine,
presents-the great • body of believers as be- •
ing : ,pervaded, to an extent• never since re ,
sliced, with the spirit of religions joy ex ,
pressed by praise. The, living spring of
gladness' which had been opened in their:
hearts poured itselrforth in exuberant ; ,
never-failing streams - of - sacred melody.
It sent these streams -winding and purling
along all the paths , of life; making them,
like the garden of the Lord, a perpetual'
delight: In their social gatherings, in their
homes, and in their daily private walks, the
early Christians lived and moved in an atw
mosphere of praise. Generally, no 802.3016
of household worship.was without it. The
reading of the Scriptures, prayer, and se,-
crolsong, besides opening and closing the
active labors of the day,.a,ccompanied: their
ordinary meals. Through a portion, at
least,. of the pertbd yrbich we are now eon.,
templating, ; ,the notes of • tuneful worship
might have " been 'beard ascendini from ,
their happy dwellings feur times in- siday.
And there.were -those .who, like w Psalmist, ,
rose at midnight -to l give thanlw-tn,. -.custom
which said, te-have originated in those,
persecuting days in which Christian as
seniblies' were compelled to seek the cover
of night for Safety. " Song's dedicated to
the praise‘of,God,'' says 'Jamieson, formed:
their Teatime in , privatel,;-and their fem.*
recreations ,at_ their,,,ftunily andr,triendly
Meetings.". When the %family , group dis
persed from the lirott hotuieholdaltiir, each
to his daily oectitiatint; their l'adites 'still
cheered themiu Jerome, writ,
iag.from 04 , 1 rural setinsmeo, which ; 4,
had .soughtvas, , s, "petteefitl rrt," attar ,4 4
stormy 'though
we 'Sre, we are all Psalms
Slime break the pervading st* bkass..=- - -The
plowman is .singing hallelujahs: while, ha
tutus his Arrow., Tho,,,reapex otolaces
toil with hyauns, s „TheiTineyArkdarser, >w
he >primes hits-vines,rihabto s omitipmg f rom
the Igraine Of - Pavid.- These are our songs,
andysach the iiiett* with , *hick oar lova it)
ideal•"---A"e4 dad Maks. .;