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Xi oak sThlicts.
7 - fi
as.a ' AWu • ; A , - AB ICATEVIy,- OF
TRAVEL, EXPLORATION., AND A EVEN TORE. By
Marla John Anderson, author of ."Lake
Ngami." With numerous Illustrations and A
Map of Southern Africa. Pp. 414. New-
York : Harper 4. Bros. Pittsburgh : Robert S.
e cork pu 'Bated some five
years ago, on " Lake Ngami," is well remem
bered; and natwilktendiimbitlie more recent
works of Livingstone, Barth, and Chaillu, there
is still aplace for the one now before us. Mr.
Atudersha.s 7 inadi aequainted With
South Africa, and in this volume gives special at
tention to the wild beaks which inhabit that re
markak!eyegion in such great multitudes, such Fa
rietietiao.l qt,so intah!beauty. 'Many of hislunt
ing excursions are particularly interestinond ex
citing. Along with these things there is also
much information concerning African commerce,
ethnology, geological formations, and African
languages. Altogether it is a book that will am
pl re ay perusal and study.
T : 'T TRAVEIA — OF IDA PFtIFFER
Immusivn OF A VD3I,T TO MADAGASCAR. With
an Autobiographical Memoir of the Author.
TranslateVATAß. tW. puieketz,,, Pp. 281.
New-York — Harper .4- Brothers. Pittsburgh :
Robert S. Davis. 1861.
Madame Pfeiffer was one of the most adven
turilusqlnd•suesliful travellers of mddern times.
This volume gives an account of her life, her
last travels in Europe, end'her visit to the Island
of Maagircar a -It will attract-and -inlitruot
very many readirs.
I s igg(sl4ll thVIPE. A Series of Pamihar . Es
istrfri."l3i timothy Tncomb, author of "Letters
- lab .Yomig," Gold Foil'," etc. Pp. 844.
vyNevntl'ork : Charles Scribner. Pittsburgh:
1344r,t ,S., Davis. 1861
The announcement of a new book by " Tim
. enough of itself to secure a
largeenle. The public is always willing and
aurjous,tn.read,hira, or, hear him. In this vol
hnwhe treat,s,.,in,his own familiar way, of a few
°t i the anore„prominent questions that engage in
aograater,„or less degree the attention of every
thaugktfuill Pah, : and; woman. In 'this way he
discourses of Moods,and-Frames of .Mind; The
Rights of Women; American Public Education;
Rural Life ; Repose ; Men of One Idea; Un
necessary Burdens; The Food of Life; and many
other sultpatari. 4141 1 * -tar "Unnecessary
Burdens," is a ern. Our readers will find this
the most agreeable and entertaining work that
Tiniothy Titcoinb has yet brought forth; and we
know this is saying a great deal. it is brought
out in Seribner's usual handsome style.
COMMENTARY ON THE EPISTLES TO THE
SEVEN CHURCHES OF ASIA. REVELATION,
n: 3. ;My!, Vehard aevisi,T Trench, D.D.,
Dean tirWtirmineter. 312. 'New-York:
.•:, Charles Rcribner. Pittsburgh.: Hobert B. Davis.
We gave an account of the character of this
work, previous to its,republication in this coun
try. To the recoionieridation then given we can
Teo*: that this work of the learned
Trenchovill,be, a most valuable. addition, to the
library of every,minister. and every scholar. s.
The Epistles to the Seven Churches in Asia;
are studies of themselves worthy the attention of
all who labor in word and doctrine. Dean
Trench, as is usual with him, has brought
out the:retsulp of the , -.most careful - and critical
investigations, within a small compass, and in a
Let every one entrusted with the care of souls,
who would keep his own heart in proper tone and
guard, his, flock _against the insidious attacks of
error , mtits'manifold 'fortes, sh:l'4 l d:de short, but
able and suggestive commentary.
We notice that Mr. Scribner, with that liber
ality which has always distinguished him, allows
the author to share in the profits.
`THOUGHTS ON HOLY SCRIPTURE. By
Francis., Bacon, lord Chtmeellor of England.
Compiled by John G. Hall, pastor of the Re
formed Dutch Clitireh; Fort Plain, New York:
Pp. 390. New York: Robert Carter 4- Broth
ers. Pittsburgh: Robert S. Davis. 1362.
Bacon was, not only, a great lawyer and states
man, and a profound philosopher, but also a
careful and laborious student of the Bible. It
was his habit to write out his thoughts on partic
ular passages. Sometimes this was done formal
ly, but mostly in.an incidental way. The conse
quence is, that - aetn; weighty remarks are
mattered' all through his numerous writings, and
in this way are not easily accessible. Mr. Hall
has done a good work in selecting and arranging
these so happily. There is an index stating the
passage commented on, and also the different
papers of the father of modern philosophy, from
71(*ch ; the extracts have been taken. The book
is one that every lover of Ike Bible and-admirer
of Bacon will delight to have. The Messrs. Car
ter have brought it out: in 't very handsome form.
THE NORTH BRITISH REVIEW, for No
valeable number. The articles are:
Pas.cal, as a ,Christian Philosopher ; What As
Money:?-Plato. and Christianity;:Spain; Poets
and Poetry of Young Ireland; Edinund Burke--
His Life and Genius.; Scottish Humor.; Comets;
Mr. Mill on Representative Government.
The papers on Pascal and Burke are remark
ablY,fine.` Vl4 ;11tr0;44 Bkiish Thi;eskect 41.
Leonard f seott 4- co. 79 Fulton Street New-York •
at $8 per annum; or in connexion with the Lon
don, Edinburgh, and Westminster Reviews, and
Blackwood, for $lO per annum.
Henry Miner, of Fifth Street, is the agent for
^ THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY—Henry Miner,
of Fifth'Street, sends us the January number of
thiiimpular Magazine. The contents are—Meth
ods of Stuilylit Natural History ; Agnes 'of Sor
rento ; The Tine Heroine ; Jefferson and Slav
ery ; A Story of To:day ; James Fonnimore
• Cooper ; Per Tenebras Sumina ; Love and Skates;
'Light Literaturey Pilgrimage to ~Old Boston;
Premont's Hundred Days,* Missouri, etc.
tot t t oung.
..,„,„...„ : -, 1-
The ; 'A. Story for Boys,
AbouVahundred years ago, there lived
•in ;of.Oxford, England, a boy
7)7400 name 'ivaO'fl'orge•
poor, so much so tnaf he was compelled to
clean the boots of the students at the Uni
versity, to obtain money with which to buy
fief:motile - ries ,of. life. His ~countenance
Vie Wild ordinary appearinee. His` eye
was keeniand , piercing ; his forehead noble
and lofty; and every feature of his face
was perfectly developed. By his easy and
polite manners, his obliging disposition,
*aim and generous nature, he soon
won the confutence and esteem of many of
tbosompon whom:the .waited. The poverty
of Clothing served'better to show the rich
•nesibor a mind, which needed only cultiva
tion to make it one ofi the brightest in the
whole country. The students of the Uni
versity geing 'such noble lqualities in the
lowly andlistEnilhuniblelißiint-blaok, deter
.rnine4to,etjtmate,him ;,4ind many of, them
dovoteilinotiittleshare of their time to that
purpose. They found him ready, willing,
-and studious. He lost' na moment ot
t ilkierrt3sions timed butappliedthimeelf dil
igently, persey,eme&to 14 studies, and
soon became an equal, if not a superior, to
-50 Me of hieTinstrunters.
4 0- A v v i c e in Inept very rapid; so
, at that numbers were unable to
recognise . 4 tyn i gifted'and talented young
'man the once poor and needy boot-black.
About thialiime.lbere was .a •great change
'ibile.7o,,'England. There ,arose
sect, which • the peculiar' , liabitsk of its
, nriltirers their e 'et obserYaiien of the
I:reidtie g of
wolii) utt i i tstit i t oggrii
*lei P c ' crlW3 ' ;
With • 70,YR eigivillifteOgetacon
.11 AN 11MaILI /4:.i , :.?
- .0:01 i 4
ablest and most consistent members. The
youths'who once sought his company, now
treated him with sneering contempt.
Those who once considered him a young
man of extraordinary abilities, then thought -
him a recl,cless,fanatic, and avoided his so
ciety as they would that of a worthless
drunk - ard•. All this rdid not move him.
He was as firm as a rock. Nothing could
change him. Like Moses, he preferred, a
life,of Christian consistency to the enjoy
ment of sin for a season. His unchanging
conduct won for 'him many warm and ar
dent admirers, and numbers who formerly
branded him as a fanatic became his best
friends. I have not time, children, to say
more concerning the character of this in
teresting young man. It will be sufficient
to add, that he soon became one of the
most pious and talented preachers in Eng
land, and such numbers flocked to hear him
that the largest house in London could not
- Ile preached in the open fields to thou-.
sands upon thousands;_ and the great
amount of good which he did, eternity
shall tell. Dear boys, do note mind the
sneers- or- your bompanions. Do your duty,
let the consequences be what they may.
Be industrious, energetic. Don't mind
difficulties. They only make your arm
stronger, your heart braver. If this poor
boy, could arise from the lowly position of
a boot-black to that of one of the most
pious and eloquent preachers England ever
produced, cannot you go and " do likewise?"
You have;no idea whatlyou can de till -you
try. (Engrg coMbitied.Wik earnest prayer,
will..ne.COmplisli - ttitWst ', cult takik.
Boys, iv4ld yen' likelto O know-thexnutile
of the. =boy irh6 "Dlueked the Theots:Of the
students,: at Oxford Uniyersity ? It is
George iWhitefield:— Claristitin Treacle*.
44 How sweet it it, my child, •
Tolive by ; simple ,faith;.
Just to believe that God *ill , do
m itaietly as'he.saitli."
"Does faith mean to believe
. Thif - --
Exactly as he says, mamma,
Just as I know that you
" Will give me what I ask,
Because you love me well,
And listen patiently to hear
Whatever I may tell?"
"Yes, you may trust in G-od,
Just as you trust in me;
Believe, dear child, he loves you well,
And will your. Father be: -
To pray in faith, my child,
Is humbly to believe
That what you ask.•in Jesus' name'
You surely shall. receive.'
" Go with your simple, wants,
And: tell him all" you need
Go put your trust in Christ alone-;
Such faith is sweet indeed."
Willie, the Runaway,
One moonlight night, when all the house
was still, Willie Nichols rose softly from
his bed. He dressed himself:quietly that
he might not disturb his sister, or his lit:
tle brother Bennie, who slept with him.
Through the window of the attic room the
moon-beams shone softly, and they threw
their beautifnl light on Fannie's pale face,
and on Bennie's curlinghair. They showed
Willie the seams and cracks in the old wall,
the trunk which his father had carried with
him on his voyage years age, and the little
Bible on the stand. Precious little 13ilsle !
His Sabbath School teacher had given it to
him as a-token of love, long before Willie
had thought of ever being a runaway. Out
of the window the same moonlight was fall
ing softly on the old mulberry tree in the
little garden, and making fantastic shadows
of its leaves and branches upon the ground.
It fell, too, upon the Squire's white house;
standing so proudly among the old stately
trees, and upon the long, winding road that
led to Farmer Benson's.
Willie stood trembling and irresolute, as
he gazed upon the still world outside. For
a moment his good angel whispered : "Stay,
Willie ! Do not leave your widowed moth
er and her little ones, and your dear home."
But a whisper on the other side was louder
still ; and saying, "I can never go to Farm
er Benson's, the boy dressed himself, tied
Up his few things, and his Bible among
them. Then, with a last, fond look at
brother and sister, he stole out of the room
and down the stairs. At his mother's door
he paused, and put his hand upon the latch,
but he did not venture to go in. His
mother might awake, and Willie did not
dare to meet her tender gaze, and ask a
blessing upon his purpose.
Willie's mother was poor. Her husband's
ship ha&been wrecked on a distant coast;
and he had gone down with, it. A hard
struggle had Mrs. Nichols to procure food
and fire for her little ones, though many of
her neighbors were kind, and would have
helped her if they could. But they were'
poor themselves and could give but kind
wishes and a day's work, now and then, to
by * various Japans,
se4lV, 'waShilii, - nnorsing the sick, addi
fact,:)eVerthing that it Voman'trieadihands
could ..do , :ashe had . ..made both eAIOO meet,
until: het' tiiree eldest `children =wee;:;
endighto help her: Robert aiiil4lVlattie
we're learning trades, and Willie was to tee
bound )out' ea a farmer. ' '
'The little' felldw had objected. to thls';
but his Mother deemed it-best for him and
the arrangements'had been completed to
her own satisfaction and that of Mr. -Ben
sot:P.-.lViliie Nichols'could find- no' fault
with the.farmer, who was a*Tileasa.tit;.getatil
*ith ar. kind word-for — every one; but
begenged.tio go to sea:L The -sea; s rrith 'its
wideness-taiiii "trasttieSii 4a.§ , the' 'stibfect'Att .
his , thoughts; "daratid ' , 410,10h0w
free)'. thought=" ujuilst Al3ailbr'43
„But,lnobbc,4.- ~horror ::the ocean, ever since the 'letters eame3tbalr-tedil
her, of .the : wr ilt eck af. the „flyi,,n - Her
boys bad' off eeard: her re m ark that-, no
son of hers should be a sailor.” Willie
bad sometimes spoken of his wish; but his
mother had said that if he loved her, he
would not mention the sea in her hearing.
And so it was that Willie became a run
away. _Pawn the stairs, through the, little.
garden, out on the highway. The world,
before him ! Cold, desolate, ; bitter world,
that has tempted and disappointed so many !
Home behind him, sweet home, with its
hallowed memories ! Home, with its morn
nig and evening altar of prayer its chaime'd
circle of loving ones, its recollections g
mother's kiss. Poor little wanderer !
my boy, pause before you, like him, step',
out from tlie, sweet refuge of yew early
home, into the storms and tempests of life.
Willie's home was near a seaport town.
Before noon of the next day, he was on the
deck of a ship bound for the South Pacific.
When again.the moon shone on, the water,
-his native land was fading away in the dis
Willie did not find a sailor's life, so - free
as he. expected. There were hard. words
and hard blows to bear. There was coarser
fare%than he had been-used - to. There-was
clirating up ethe rigging , ,When4the waves
were lashedlay-storms, and theiship rolled
at their will. Many an hour of - pain and
homesickucsa came to Willie, and,,some
times his . little -hammock was wet -with
tears. Still, it:was not sohard fin. him as
for many others. His, prompt obedience
and cheerful - industry, his fearlessnessin.d
agility, made him a favorite on board; and
1," I.V. YEr t -.I -14
there was not a man on the vessel who
- would not have risked life 4 and liinb to sive
the little fellow had he been in danger.
Eighteen months, wen by.
~ , They had
touched here and there at "different ports,
and now and then they had'spoken a vessel
bound homeward, or perhaps bound still
further away than they were,themselves.
One day the second Mate, who was , stand
ing on deck, said suddenly to the boy—
" Willie, where did you come' from ?"
"From Lime, sir, near N—."
" Did you run away ?"
A tear gathered in Willie's eye, and his
head dropped. No need of an answer.
" Have you a father and a mother ?"
"A. mother at home, but my father is
"Does your mother know where you are,
"No," said. Willie; `"`l wouldn't let her
know for the world. It would break her
" Far worse to her to be in suspense.
Twenty thousand miles from home,
your mother not 'know of it ! No, Will,!.
the first vessel we speak must carry a letter
to your mOther. Remember, my boy!"'Willie promised, and began, in his leis
ure moments, a letter.
A few days afterward, they were'ehasing
a whale. This is very dangerous sport, for
the huge creature, when wounded, strikes
deadly blows with his tail, and often, cap
sizes boats, or breaks them to pieces. The
boat which held' Willie and four or five of
the sailors had the bottom knocked but of
it by a blow of the monster's tail. Pale,
and dreadfully - bruised, the 'boy was lifted
up the ship's side, and laid in, his ham
That night the...mate watched by him till
twelve o'clock: He had fallen into Ugen
tle sleep, saying he would be all right in
the morning. Bidding two of 'the men to
watch if he wanted anything, the kind
mate, who had alwaysheen his friend, left
him, that he might himself seek repose.
Morning came. In its first gray light
the mate returned to Willie's 'bed. The
watchers, overcome by weariness ,had fallen
asleep. q• Willie, how do you feel ?" But
Willie did not answer.
"He must be asleep," said his, friend,
surprised that no reply was given. ;, He
laid his hand on the; boy's forehead. It
was cold as, marble. He lifted the little
hand. It fell pulseless and cold from. his
grasp. Willie was dead. :
Alone, all alone, in the drear dead Of
night, without a mother's soft caress, or a
,whisper, the little runaway
boy had been
_called to die—alone, in, the
swinging ship, on the wide, wide sea. And,
next hay, is the sailors Stood around in a
solemn, silent circle, they brought the little
white form on deck. 4.t was sowed up in
the hammock, with only the face left un
covered, that all might see, for the.last
time, the beautiful features and the brown,
waivy hair. The captain read the burrial
service; and then the canvas was sowed up,
the weight put in at the feet, that it might
sink more quickly to its ocean grave, and
the body of Willie ..Nichols was let .down
into the waves. And, as the ship went
faster and faster on its Way, the little sail
or-boy's form sank deeper to the bottom of
the sea, there to rest until the resurrection.
The unfinished letter '
and a curl of the
brown hair, were placed in Willie's Bible,
and sent.home to his mother. But she had
gone before; and we can but hope that
little Willie had been led to repent and be
lieve in Jesus, and so he had met his dear
mother in the heavenly home.
I heard the story of, litttle Willie Nich
ols from the gentleman who, years before,
had sent the account of his death to the old
home in Lime.
—Banner of the Covenant.
A Time to Dance.
"Indeed, I don't see why you should be
so opposed. The most religious people at
tend our balls, and even the Bible says there
is a. time to dance."' -
From the tone in which Isabel finished
her sentence, it is plain she thought the
last argument conclusive. But her friends
only smiled, as she quietly said, "The Bible
also says there is -°`a time to kill..'"
"Well, and so there is," was the smart
rejoinder. "'The night our
,house was at
tacked by thieves, papa seized his pistols,
and if the fellows hadn't TIM, be would,
have shot them."
" Yet .I don't think your papa would take
life except under, necessity. He would not
go out, and in cool blood shoot or stab one
of his neighbors, excusing himself under
the plea that the Bible ;affirms there is a
time ter kill.'" 4 -
Of course not !"
" No, neither do I strip, my shoulders and
bosom, and with a man's arm around my
waist, frisk about a ball-room through the
dead hours of the night,'when all nature is
asleep, because the Good Book Bays there is
a time to dance "
"But'we have accountsof dancing,iu dif
ferent places through the Bible."
"Yes;• will you please to relate some
them, and. their atteu,ding circumstances
"I really do not 'remember the particu
"I feared so; for they who study God's
Word until mind and memory become im
bued with its holy teachings, never draw
incorrect inferences from it; and by the
same ; rule, a hearty Christian is never an
" Oh, :Miss Dunbar !”
" I don't speak censoriously, dear ; I
speak in all charity when 1 say so. They
who drink of the river of life; who walk in
the light of God's countenance, do not seek
enjoyment in the midnight dance. But to
return to the Bible. The Orientals were a
demonstrative people, and habitually made,
an outward display of their feelings. Their
rent their 'clothes; and tore their hair, and
cut their flesh in sorrow; and they clapped
their hands, shouted aloud, and danced
when rejoicing. So in "every place where
dancing, is mentioned in Scripture, it is re
corded as an exPlession .ok Joy. - Miriam,
followed by,the, women of Israel, went out
singing, with tinthrels and with dances,'
when Pharaoh . and his thosta were over;
thrown in the:Red Sea. Jefihtha's
ter went out to meet herlather ' with tim
brels and with dances,' when he;came home
after the conquest of the Ammonites; and
when David returned from. the slaughter of
the Philistines, the women of Israel went
out to meet him and King Saul, with sing: -
ing,- and dancing, with tabrets, with joy,
and with instruments of music.' The men
also manilested their joy in this way.
They danced around the golden calf in the
wilderness; and King David ' danced be ;
fore the Lord with all his might,' wh'en;
bringing up the ark to Zion. Such weFe
the occ,asions, and such the manner' of (lan
cing during the- .'Testament', ages. „ In
and after our Savionr's time, it was not
practiced at all ; and the only dance men
tioned in New Testament history is- the one,
witch cost the' saintly head of John the
There was a long pause. - Isabel had re
ceived light, and her Clear mind opened to
Miss ,Dunhar,Was -, a 4411834 y; hut her
religion never obtruded its ',sentiments on
others, and it was only'on her being urgently
entreated by - her young friend to' accompany
'her to f a ball,, , that she was :led into - the
above exposition. •:.
Isabel Temple, placed by;circumstances
in q, eirAle; shared its pleasures,
honestly believing. them to be -"harmless.
Thbse-who-arguedibatheir favor inaintaiil
- thdifinViceieli the :ground that they ,
L:r t "'Nei)
were sanctioned by Scripture. Her relig
ious advantagesAve,re t hut,f4, :her acquaint
ance with the Bible lattperficial ; and she
now, for the first time, had the privilege of
conversing with one who had read the Sa
cred Book with a studious and a prayerful
Isabel had a taste for i-nowledge, and
prided herself somewhat upon. her attain
ments ; but here was,a prA l igh of learning ,
upon which shelad never entered, and of
the vast literary store which the Bible con
tained ,she was entirely ignorant. • Yet she
had dared to quote from the grand old
Book, to call it to her aid in corroboration
of her crude arguments. Oh, how simple
she felt at that moment; Isabel Temple,
the brilliant, suddenly discoVered she knew
That day she commenced the study of the
Scriptures, with the earnest desire to know
for- herself the Divine mind upon every
point connected with her immortal inter
ests. 4nd, oh what a mine she opened!
what 'treasures.. she found what beauty,
what wealth, what sweetness !• what sublim
ity surrounded- the simple truth • How the
fair student's mind enlarged: her judgment
strengthened ;, her tastes and views became
rarified and exalted, ler character. elOvated !
In the school: of wisdom she sounded the
depth 'of theological lore ; without any
• other teacher than -thelaspired Word, she
disoovered the glorious plan' of
tion, her soul in its renovating in
fluence, and:rapidly " grew in"grace, and in
the knowledge of our Lord, and Saviour
Jesus Christ:" . ,
Just three montbs_ from the day when
the conversation with. which we opened
took place, Miee Dunbarreceived . an' invi
tatinn to be present at the public baptism
of Isabel,'; and' when . thcv met, the latter
clasped the neck of her friend with a loving
kiss, joyfully exclaiming: • •
"Oh I. Pm' - glad T ever knew you. My
heart is bounding with happiness. Oh I I
know.,the meaning of the sentence, a time
to dance"---Sheetali, in 'ari.stian Intelli
• A Lesson in Itself Sublime. •
A lesson in itself sublime.
A lesson worth enshrining •
Is this: "I take no note of time
Sayewhen the sun is , shining, ,
These motto words a-dial bore,
'And wisdom never preaches
To hunian heartt abetter lore'
Than this short, sentence , teaches:
As life is sometimes bright and fair,
' And sometimes dark and lonely - ;
Let.us forget its toil and care,
,And note its bright hours only.,
There is no grove on earth's broad chart,
But has some bird to cheer it:
So home sings on in everyheart,
Although we may not hear it.
And if to,day the heavy wind
Of• sorrow is oppressing,
Perchance to-morrow's sun will bring
The weary heart a blessing,
For life is sometimes bright and fair,
And sometimes dark and lonely;
Then let's forget its toil and care,
And note its bright hours only.
We bid the joyous moments haste,
' And then forget their glitter;
We take the eup of life and taste
No portionAtt the bitter ; '
But we should teach our hearts , to deem
Its sweetest drops and strongest;
And pleasant hours should ever seem
To linger round us longest;
As life is sometimes, bright and fair,
And sometimes dark and lonely.;
Let us forget its toil and care,
And note its bright hours only.
The darkest shadows of the night -
Are justbefore the morning;
Then letin wait the coming light
All bodeless phantoms scorning;
And while We're passing on the tide
'Of time's fast ebbing river,
Let's pluck the,blossOms by its side,
And bless the gracious Giver—
As life is Sometimes bright and fair,
And sometimes dark and, lonely;
We shouldAforgct its pain and care,
And rioteltS bright hours only.
Luthei's Calling.as a Translator . of the Scrip.:
The author's best vindication of his vo
cation to a certain work must, in the na
ture of the case, be. the work itself. The
fact of success seems to dispense with the
necessity of any argument in advance as to
his fitness for the labor on which be en-'
tered. We need no a priori proof that
.Milton had a vocation as a poet, or Bacon
es .a philosopher, or Gerhard as .a theolo.,
gian. rTo argue it;-is to argue in the sun
light the question of, the Sun's adaptation
for shining.. We havespoken
translation of the Bible. That translation
is itself the invineible proof of his voca
tion to the 'work of'preparing it; It shines
its own' evidence into „the eyes of 'every
one who epens it.
Nevertheless, it is not without historical
interest, little as it is necessary logically,oto
look at the evidence,of Luther's fitness for
the Work. Some of the facts which natu
rally attract our attention here are the fol
• I, Luther was well educated as a hvg.
He went to school in Mansfield until he
reached his fourteenth year; thence he
went. to • Magdeburg.; four years he spent
at Eisenach under :the tuition of a teacher
of whom Melanchthon testifies that in the
grammatical branches, the very ones which
were so largelY to become useful to Luther
as a translator, he had no superior. Here
he finished his school-days proper, already
as a boy, by his great proficiencies, giving
'indications of extraordinary'talents and in
dustry„ Melanchthon says of him at this
.era.: " As ho had greafgenius;and a strong,
predisposition to eloquence, he speedily
surpassed the other-youths in the fullness
and richness of his speech and , of his wri
ting, alike in prose and verse." Even as •a
boy he was already parked, out as a trans
Wore- 4..rfr i
11. Luther received a thorough Colle
giate' education. In 1501 he repaired to
the Oelleg,e at Erfurt, where he was metric
ulate.d..during the presidency of .Truttvet
ter, whom he laved and venerated as a maxi
and 'a 'teacher, and where he faithfully
used all the advantages which surrounded
111. Luther-ione,"ct deiroted student .of 007
Hebrew qnd Greek In
„150.5, after_ his eh=
trance intii the 'cloister ; Luther .devote l dt
himself, with that earnestness which mark
ed all he did, td' tht , study' of Hebrew and
and Greek. He ha.d , ,skiliful teachers in
both languages. As professor and preach
er in Wittenberg; he continued both stud
ies with great ardor. In Hebrew, Luther
regarded the illustrious Reuchlin, the Gen
senius of that day, as his teacher,compen
sating for the want 9r his oral instruction
by thorough use .of his Writings. But.
'Luther was not of the race of seiolistswho
Ithink that becanse, books can do muck.
they can do everything. ,knew, the
value of the living, teache. obtaina
more thorough mastery.- .of Hebrew, -h'e
availed himself of the 'instruction of, his
learned colleague, A.nrogallus; the -Profes
sor of the oriental languages .at Witten
berg. When he was at-Rome, in 1.510,the
took lessons iu Hebrew fvm [the erudite
Rabbin Elias Levita. Lhther was. master,,
oc.oll t 3f.91 qt'AP.Oire, l ) l
orhis time,as hiscoteniteraries i and lea.;9-
ed inon of later aate, among them, Seiliger,,
have acknowledged. „
fir , „st.paSter in Greek was Eras-
ArOigh his Writings. His preeep-
tor, both by the book and the lip, was Me
lan c,hthon . These were the greatest, Qreek
scholars of the age. Luther happily styles,'
Melarichthon, " most Grecian."
IV. With, genius, the internal ,mental
requisite, and learning, the means by Which
that genius could alone be brought to bear
on the work of translation', 'Luther united
piety. His soul was in affinity with the
spirit of the Bible. 'He Was a regenerate
man. Abe Wette may produce a transla
tion, which the man of taste admires, but
he cannot translate for the people. We.
would not give a poem to a mathematician ,
for translation, whatever might be his' ge-'
nius;, still less would we give the words of
the Spirit to the hand of a translator who
had not the "mind of the Spirit." Lu
ther, 'the man of faith, of fervent prayer,
the man who was .as lowly toward God as
he was inflexible toward men,.Luther was.
called to that work of translation in which
generations of the past have found a guide
to heaven, and . for which millions of onr
race, in generations yet to come, will rise
up and pronounce himblessed. . --Luthercot
and Missionary. .
'This` term as applied to horses, is gen
erally intended to convey not only the state
ment of their age being past, marks in
the 'mouth,•but also the common impression
that - comparatiVely they are of little value,
if past, eight or nine 'years. Now, if we
rightly understand it, the horse has not at-,
tamed his full growth and perfection of
bodily frame, until he has passed his
seventh year; anduntil growth is attained,he
is just as unfitted for extreme hardiabexaM,
a ; man before. arriving at full manhood. In,
this country the practice of putting horses•
to work at two or three years, usually re
sults in their becoming broken down -by
• •. .
over-driving, or ever-straining, before they
have attained .firmness df musele,'and ca
pability of enduring labor. Thus it is that
horses are Often, with us, rendered compar
atively valueless before they have in truth
arrived at an
,age of full' powers and endur
ance.We ha,ve owned a number of hors . *
and. whenever we have had one thst had
not been injured before arriving at maturity,
*ehave found bim imire - dapable of perforin
ing regular, labor at from ten to fifteen, than
those of four.to seven' years. In our opin-,
ion, therefore, judging from observation,
we consider the horse in his prime at from
nine to thirteen years of age, always re
.I:umbering that previous to his having at
tained his growth, say, at seven years,•he
has not been over-driven,: strained, or other
wise injured by reason of high' stimulating
food or ahuse.--Ohio Farmer. •
Value of Hay as Compared with other Elk-
•' Several=Yrench and German cheinists es=
timate the relative value of several kinds
of food for milob: cows according to the fol
towing table : That one hundred pounds; of
good' hay are worth two hundred pounds of
potatoes; four hundred and , sity pounds
of beet-root with the, leaves; three hundred
and fifty pounds of Siberian, cabbage; two
hundred and fifty pounds of beet-root with : .
out' the leaves; two hundred and fifty,
pounds of carrots; eighty pounds or kay,,
clover, Spanish tretbil or vetchesr fifty
pounds of oil-cake, or colza; two hundred
and' fifty pounds of pea=straw and vetches ;
three hundred pounds of barley or oat
straw; four hundred pounds of rye or
wheat-straw ; twenty-five pounds of peas,
beans ,or vetch-seed; fifty pounds of oafs;.
and five hundred pounds of green trefoil,
Spanish trefoil, or vetches.
to Make Dairy-Farming Pay. ,
A paragraph or two from an article on
this subject, in the American Stock Jour
nal, will interest, and we hope, profit our
For the last dozen years there has 'been
rierhaps, no' branch of. industry,that has
uniformly yielded to the husbandman .bet
ter or surer profits than a judiciously man
aged dairy. Nothing produced upon the
farms of this. country meets with a more
ready sale than, milk, butter, and, cheese,
especially when pure, of, good quality,• and
well put up. Calves and pork, incidental
to a well-conducted dairy, also sell readily
for cash and remunerative prices.
To make the most, that can be made out
of a dairy, great care, coupled-with a good
degree of knowledge and skill,. is required.
Cows should be kept in perfectly healthy
condition, and fed upon the kind of food
adapted to the production of the largest
quantities of milk or butter. Another im
portant thing is, that• cows should have good
dry yards, with comfortable sheds in. Slim
mer; and warm, well-ventilated sheds in
Winter, and always plenty of the purest ,
water. When all of these conditions' are
complied with, dairy-farming cannot but be
Then, again, when butter and cheese are
made for' the 'Market, it must be, well and
neatly put up, in order to command the
highest price. I't costs no more to make p a
hundred >pourid6l6f ;butter Ilea the finest
quality than; it does to prOduee a very infe
rior article, while there is from fifty to a
hundred per cent difference in their value
when brought to market. The best-article
always meets with a ready sale, and reflects
credit upon the maker and vender, while
the other •is a „drug at any price, and may
well occasion a blush of •shame upon the.
face of him .whoanakes or sells-,it.
Preparing the Ground for Orchards. -
•Wherever grounds intended for orchards
and fruit gardens; on soils that need more
or less enriching, has not been prepared 'a
year or so in advance, it Will lie advanta
geous to do so in Autumn for Spring plant.:
ing. If the Manure is mixed with the soil
now; its fertilizing parts•become diffused by
dissolving befbre Spring, in a better ,inan
ner than :they could •be artificially mixed
'j ust before the trees are planted.
To Pack Beef and Pork.
Select for salting that partof the
tab has the fewest large blood -vessels,, and
not attempt pack it until entirely free'
from animal heat. Renniving as much of
the 'bone:as possible, padk the piecesclose
in the beef-barrel, and.p lace „on them a
weight sufficient to sink, them,- For, one
hundred pounds of beef, dissolve five quarts
a.ood` coarse salt, and five ounces pure salt
petre, in two pails of soft water; oil, and
skim well, and while boiling, pour it.over
the beef, covering it closely. If the meat
is not entirely covered, make morebrine, as
soon as possible, and pour it on hot, as . at
first. This is my Winter mode. The meat
will be fit to boil. g in twenty-four .hours,,bo t
will not keep sweet longer than the first of
April. In the Summer, -I often corn a lit
say twenty pounds;L for- immediate use.
,prcpare ,dried, beef ia ..thesamuruanner,
using for this , purpose limns; and in
that, intpuded„,far Slimmer use, allow ten
quarts of salt to one hundred. pounds. It
is of no use to add Salt. after the first corn
in g. I once lost a half-barrel in that ,way;
the full quantity of salt must be ,put ,
- the same time.
In packing pork, remove the leati meat
to be used for sausages; it is hard'and al
most worthless when salted. Take' out the
bone;leiiing only the clear side pork'. Out,
t this in strips about six inches wide. OeYer
the bottom of the barrel ~with a layer- of
thuud salt i ''One and a half inches thickn4
in.` the pork edgewise, cromfding it as com
pactly possible, anal cover"witi; a , layer of
salt like the.first, and so on until-the:whole
is packed. Enough .space should be left at
the top of the bakrel to' Bellow four to.six
inches of brine above the meat:
is packed, lay a heavy Weight `:up
pour over it a brine madeof
thsa t oft water
iv ig ar g
salt, as strong as'possible, is,-n
all the salt the water will dissolve. The
brine should always cover thepork at least
four inches deep.—American
Food for Cows after Calving. .
'lt is • customary with many farmers to
feed cows, immediately after calving, with
warm slops --a of bran or meal and
warm water, well salted; and ithetter di
is commenced at once, in order to get:i et s
much milk as possible. This is objecte ve
by some as , contrary to :mature,
likely to induce caked-bag and milk-fever;
also, that the' cow should have rest and
quiet. It is an error to suppose" that task
ing the stomach, after the fatigue of, partu
rition, can be otherwise than hurtful. A
drink of water and a little dry hay is
enough for the first day, and she. Should;
have nothing better than the best, hay for'
three or four days—until all inflammatory
symptoms are past. Se says the Rural
We learn from the i3oston Cu/avatar,
that Mr. Bobert tang, of, the ,Bridge of
Weir, V. S., read an intere'sting essay on
" Black-leg," on the 13th inst., at the West
of. Scotland Veterinary Medical Associa
tion, in Glasgow As a cure for that cora
plaint,,he recommends, for yearlings,, one
dram of potassi'o-tartrate of antimony, and
two, of nitrate, to be given every fortnight
to the young' animals, beginning about the
month of July or August. The dose is
doubled for two year,olds. This has been
successful. When disease appears in a
stock, he has all those not affected bled and
purged, with excellent effect. He moder
ates the diet, and turns the best thrivinc ,
animals from the 'over-luxuriant to the
barer pasture. • '
A correipondenfof the. New Hampshire
journal of AgriCultzta'a says:
In passing through our farming 'towns,
the observant'traveller will be Often 'pain
fully iinpressed'ivith the untidy a-pied - ranee
Of the farmer's premises. Bleak, barren,
and urisig . littly; with hardlY a 'tree, shiub, or
flower to indicate the presence of civilized
human beinks, who' would wonder, if such
were to be his dwelling,place, at the anx
iety of the farmer to sell opt,". and try
his fortunes in some more lucrative busi
ness ? Contentment' in such a place, would
prove him somethinc , more or legs than
Leek-jaw in;the prse.
- English= papers report a late case of lock
jaw in a horse, which was cured' by eight
ounces of chloroform.' The animal - , lay
prostrate under the effects of the meacino
for nearly four hours, when they passed;Off,
and the malady went, with them.
JOHN A.' RENSHAW,
Family Grocer ' and • Tea Dealer,
Takee pleasure in announcing to his 'friends and custom'
that he'hos 'recently removed to the new and spacious" w'
- Corner of Liberty and Hand Streets,
(A few doors above his old stand,)
And having largely increased his stack by recent petrol!
now offers to the public the most extensive and complete
sortment to be found in this city, of
CHpICE FAMILY GROCERIES,
Eoreign and Domestic Fruits, Teas, Spices„-Pickles ana
Sauces, Preserved Fruits in great variety,•Fish,'Hame,'Dried
Beef, &0., ,besides assortment of Domestic Housekeeping
articles; thus constituting aHousekeeper'sEmporimn,,where
most all articles that are useful necessary for the FititHF
all may be purchased at reasonable:prices.
• - .Wir• WHOLESALE AND
Catalogues iOntidning an extended list 'of mg' steet fur
nished by mail, if desired.
JOHN A. RENSHAW,
ap7-ly Cor: Liberty mid Hand Sts.. Pittsburgh.
It O. ,() p, NG • •
. (Late BATES & JorMeozi,)
Sole illamifacturer and Dealer in the following three distinct
kinds of Roofing ' • - • •
'lst/Shim lamtie CeinenqFelt and Canvas Roofing.
2d. Improved Felt, Cement and Gravel Roofing.
3d. PatentEngliskitsphaltive Felt Roofing.' •-
'Ail, ".Fire 'atid - Wciter Proof, 'and WariOnted.
Roofing. Material far eale, with printed instructions for
acing. . . .
*47 Mee at Bates & Johnson's old stand,
15 Smithfield Meet, Pittsburgh. Pa..
N. B.—This GUM CEMENT is unequalled as a paint for,
Metal Roofs, lasting twice - as long; and cheapeithan common
paint; also as a paintto prevent dampness in Brick Walls. •
WE.INVITE T EATTENTION OF
the public to the PHILADELFUIA.
Housekeepino' Dry Goods Store.
where may be found a large assortment of all Vitas of Dry
Goods, required furnishing a liaise, thus' saving th '
trouble usually experienced in hunting such articles;; in va
rious places. 1 . In consequence q of our giving our, attention to
this kind of stock, to the exclusion of Areas and fancy goods,
we can guarantee our 'rites and stYles tobe the - Atost faiVra
-• • •
IN LINEN GOODS, •
we are able to giVeperfectsatisfaction .being tbe . .Oldsst Es.•
tablishcci Linen ,Store in the,city,•and_having -been for ..more
than twenty yeakregular importers from some or t - :best manufacturers in Ireland. We,Mier, also; alarge stock of '
of the best qualities to be obtained, and ,atthe,very lowest
prices. Also, Blankets , Sheetirtga, Tickings, Damask'
Table Cloths,- and Napkins, Towellings, Diapers, Rackabacks,
Table and Piano Covers, 'Damasks and ldbreans, Lane,and
Rodin Curtains, Dimities„ Furniture • Chintzes, Window
Shadings; &c., &c. 4011.1 4 i V. COWELL & SON,,
•S. W. corner of "CiVestinit dad Seventh Sta.,' '
SPRING STYLES FOR • '
In great'variety ; embracing in ptrt, a large and well se
lected stock of Fancy French and English
- CASSIMERES AND COATINCS ,
Together. with ,as tine an assortment of Black and Colored
CLOTHS AND TESTINGS, as the manufactories 'of Europe
can produce, which are adapted to the wants of gentlemen of
taste, who appreciate style and quality in clothing.
SAMUEL DRAY. & SON
marl Ctly No. 10 Fifth St_ 04th+hrtrah.
- - -
T R A
This valuable and popular Medicine has universally received
the most favorable recommendations of the. Medicat.-
Profession and the Public-. as the most OD.'
cient and agreeable' " '
It may be used with the hest effeof in,
• BILIOUS AND FEBRILE DISEASES,'
COSTIVENESS, SICK HEADACHE, NAUSEA. •
LOSS OF 'APPETITE,' INDIGESTION, ACIDITY • 7
OF TIIE STOMACH, TORPIDITY OF THE ;LIVER,
GOUT, RHEUMATIC AFFECTIONS, GRAVEL, 'PILES,'
•'ANO ALL COMPLAINTS wgae,E S•
A. Gentle r sad Cooling Aperient or, Purgative is
It is particularly adapted to the wants of Travelers by-Sea'
and Land, Residents in 'Hot Climates, Persons of Bedentery'
habits, Invalids end, Convalescents; Captains of, Yessrds and.
Planters will filed it a valuable addition to their Medicine
It is in the form of a Powder, carefully , pnoup
keep in any climate, and ,inerely,..requires water
' • "poured iipen it to produce a delightfill
• • ' effervescent heVerage. .
Numerous. testimonials from professional am) *her gen-,
Heinen of the highest standing throughoutthe country, and
its steadily increasing popularity far wisirMsef yam, staling
ly.guarantee its efficacy and valuable , chanimer K and -corns,
mend it to the favorable notice of an iittellifient public•
CORDIAL ELMER OF TURKEY RkupAnB.l
This heantiful preparation from the TRUE M
RHUBARB . , has the approval, and sanction 'of many 0
best Physicians awe valuable and favorite* l.
Family '• • f.-rf
And is p'referabl ' e to any other toxin in ,vidiich' Rhubarb
adminhteredielthir foriAdulte or Children, it being
• blued in A:manner to makeit at once palatable -;to,,
the butte and efficient in its operation
T A RRANT'S" '
ROVEjj: ELABLe )411t.''
FOR INO LINEN, ItltißtlN„ sax, ttt i jiiiki hie n'
provedrby;many years' experience, to be. the ,best,rmost per
manentand reliable preparation ever offerer.; -to the. Ptiblic.
The Superiority of this article is acknowledged by all and;
purchasers and , dealerii will And it to their interest to give it:
it preference Ayer alLsimilar preparations,
Manufactured, only by -
No . JOHN' A. - TARRANT - di CO., DrOgglitis,
278f ereetivrich St.,rdoh Varian St.; PretrlYork.
And for; mile mendir,
CORNEA OP Flier AND Blielti S:TIIEETB P iTvaEuaaa, P
Manufacturers of ...
TAftLS,',TOF.N . a 4 d all otbei• app aratu s
' • '-' 0ct194 9 - 4*-
A rfltSLaBi3 CURE;
in k its siXth Redid for 4+4 ori el:inn
Send for Oirenier, to
~ ~ :. ~ c
nri 11N_Y" GO RIGHT TO Tlj
STOP :YOUR COUGH !
PURIFY YOUR BREATH
STRENGTHEN YOUR VOICE!
30` AL 314 J l]. - XM IT 4&-'ft
V . Agatedgr
GOOD, FOR CLERGYMEN;
. - •
GOOD FOR LECTURERS;
GOOD FOR PUBLIC SPEAKERS,
GOOD' FOR SINGERS,
GOOD FOR CONSUMPTIVES
diti - litimekcArit
+ rubel tot ,.. lolo ,, tetweterkto
tt i tn i r WPC ‘l4llll. 444 M 41 1 04
LADIES " ARE DELIGHTED WTI(
AI..I)IN : :6'S -
THROAT,c,,O H NF;CTiONS.
PXGDREN CRY FOR
TtlitaAt , CONFtOttotsls,
They relieve a Cough instantly'.
They clear the Tiiroit.ATJ''
t and vonto to the yoke.
Ti . k ,V[e v e , qFP. l %h h .
They impaxt a `
,dehcioua eroile..to`tha breath.
They are delightful to ihe'tiisfe.
They acre made of simple herbs and cannot harm
I advise every one who has a Cough, or a Snaky Voice
diiitatif,ot , the iiiir;,„t, to go
a package of Throat Conipetiona ; they - Will. relieve you
histarrtly f swig yue.will agree with me that; " they go right
to the spot,". . :yon will Bnd them magi asekul and pleasant
while tr!9",eirtng .or attending Rubio:if) meet*ge, few stmina
your COugh or: all4ing your tbiret. If you try one package
.840, in saying # 1 4,7F,1tt vriti A
eTer afterwards consider
timp.indlepeneatoir, ;ion willfraa them at the Drugghda
9 1 . 1 4 Dealer" in
.APACE 'TWENTY , fIifE CENTS.
hty ffigitature !treat each Tacker; Ail others are counter
Package will be cent prep:o, on re
-14A(1 1 1058,,
•F:2", . 1..,.
- 48 - AEDAIL ,'STILEET,