Newspaper Page Text
she 1)1.'12. of the . great eenmil space, ,
`a man, deaf anti 'dumb, shut dead Lord
Thooke, the Papiietatentary Creneral. But
this cIA not .p ,, erveut a successful siege of
eatlie :141, qud the elovated grounds ,
,0,01 mlwre, the, Cav, , l'emi. had
lt ho high. Church
histurik.nsletty - 41itit Crornwelrs soldiers used
to 'Etta at - .daily through the Cathedral,
and' amazingly enjoyed the echo of the
.yells of the pursuing hounds.
These titles are passed ; nought but a
fresh civilvar could bring up England to
that blood heat fervor that enabled the Long
'or - Ramp Parliament to order the taking
of the head of the Cathedral. At present
'it is it uder:zoing.extraordinary repairs and I
renewal.., 'The, carved figures and carved
•w00e1...w0rk77-allexecUted by English hands
marvellous. Nestmonththe - build-
.ing:isitti.,be.reopened for pUblie worship,
, ani.:the 'Bishop of Oxford is to preach the
'seron._ Lichfield, like ,_most Cathedral
\tains is.socanoleet, in .the spiritual sense
ot.. the term. If Evangelism .is found in
each places, it generally speaks with
baled breath and ,whispering
And, alas! in a ,large number or . rural 'par
ishes, the. Gospel of the Refurmation is not
heard by the. people. .
PITTSBURGH, SITURDIY; OCTOBESI.6, 1861.
K4l - braving ,purchaseil for our office the " Right" to use
/tick's Accountant and Dispatch Patent, all, or nearly all,
or.our subscribers now have their papers addressed to Viem
regularly by a singularly unique machine, iohich fastens
rinsthe iehgtensarynn a sesta eolored Waddrees Stang)," or
tube!, zu heremz appears Moir name p/ainly pr'inted. frUnw ed
by the date tip to which they leavepaidfor their paper,—this
bring 'crethoristel /by an Act of Congress. The d2te will
always be advanced on the receipt of subscription money,
in crest accordance with the amount JO received, and thzu
be an ever-ready and valid receipt; securing to every on
and `at alt tiasseN a perfect knowledge of his newifiaper ae
ccaut,tito that . if airy error is made he can immediately de.
it'and hart it corrcceesTL--n boon alike cal:gable to - th.
publisher and isubscrtiher, as it musete,rminale all painful
wieunderstandings between them respecting accounts, and
chiAs tend to perpetuate their important relationship.
.S 4 These in arrears will please remit.
, Syned of lientoky.---Teis Synod met at
Harrodsburg, October 9th. From the
Herald we learn that there wiis a great de
gree of unanimity, or rather perhaps, of
Peaceful diVersity of sentiment. Dr. R.
.J. BRECKIORIDGE was Chairman of a Com
mittee on the Minutes of the' Assembly.
We have received a defective copy of the
Herald, and cannot hence give the Com-
Mittee's Report. It seems, from the Edi
toes remarks, to have disapproved of the
Assembly's action, but to urge peaceful ac;
quiescence. Unity is pressed upon the
Synod. Vidtent ministers can pullup stak es
And remove to those with whom they affil
iate. But -the churches must remain on
the soil; and as the war must end, it will
bewisein 'Christians so to conduct them
selves that they may, after it is over, abide
together, in peace..
I CHRISTIAN OFFICER.
We are happy in the thought that a
number of the officers 'in our armies•are
Christians, and some such occupy high posi
tions. Among other pleasing evidences of
this, we [rote the following:
Gen. ANDERSON, the 'true Christian hero,
on hiS arrival at Willard's Hotel, in Wash
ington, ou Wednesday evening, was *ailed
'on .by the Philadelphia committee, and
. p . re
seated with the elegant sword voted him by
the city of niiladelpbia. The sword cost
bus, thousand dollars. A btief presentation
speech was made by THEODORE CUTLER,
to ,which Gen. AbiDt.RSON responded briefly
tice, Truth and Loyalty. The war we are
engaged in is holy and just, and although
the clouds are dark, I have no fear for the
a^esalt. I believe that we, as a nation, as
well as individuals, have sinned in our
areatness the past few years. We - have
forgotten God. We have been blessed by
Almighty God beyond any of the nations.
;tad have taken to ourselves the credit, and
he is now leading us back to himself through
humiliation and troubles."
POSTAGE STAMPS, AND SHALL NOTES.
The old wile of. postage stamps have
now become utterly useless" to us. Please
do not send them.
Denominations larger than three• cents
are of but little value to us. We can use
but a few of them, arid our Post Master
will not exchange them. Please do not
Three cent stamps we use to a large ex
tent,' but they are accumulating, and we
have much trouble in disposing of the sur
plus: Send these only for change,,under a
One cent stamps we can use, both on
'letters and papers, .and as these are not
`abundant we can use all that are likely to
The time was when our Post Master
would take stamps off our hands, but that
time is past. Hence our requests.
Small Notes, of sound banks in Penn
sylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, New
!Jersey, New-York, and the New-Eugland
States, we can use. Please send us these,
when gold Is not convenient, for sums un
der ftve dollars.
TIfE INDIANS ANDIIM , WAIL
Bome•or•the Indian tribes hold to their
allegiance 'to the United , States; others
• jcan . the rebellion. Among
,the latter are
tl!e.C.herokees. This is the most civilized
and most powerful of them. Unhappily
they are 'sla.v.eholders, and this enables the
ie))els to practise upon their fears. Jortx
Ross, their principal Chief, resisted for a
long time. But ,he, has yielded. He thus
-addresses Gen. MGCULLOUGFI
At a mass meeting of -about four thou
-sand Cherokees at 'Tahlequa, on the 21st
inst., the Cherokees, .with marked unanim
ity, declared their adherence to the Con
-federate States, and . 'have given their au.
,thorities power to negotiate an alliance with
- them. In view'of this action,
of 'mounted men *ill be immediately rais
es,'--and placed under command of Col.
JoaN DREW, to meet arty emergency that
Raving espoused the cause of the Con
federal States ' welope to render efficient
service in the protracted war which now
threatens the country, and to .be treated
with a liberality and confidence becoming
the Confederate States.
I lia - Vb — the honor be, sir, very respect
-4;41y, yorir..humble servant
Signed, JOHN Ross, '
.T . 'rifrkeipel Chief of the Cherokee Nation.
.phis will add brith cruelty and bitterness
Ato Ote war. Our people will not tamely
bear the , tomahawk:: and scalping-knife.
Pfir he y strongly tempted to retaliate
.ortteity, and possibly may employ In
• .clinns also. This is easily practicable, at a
dart •-Joss eapePflo than would sustain an
equal number of white men. The effect on
themselves, wi,U be a tendency
a 4 .tiheir extermination.'They have been
413,ptdAylvastiag,, and tlys o movetwhiartnot,
B ALT INURE, Oct. 16, 1861.
Our last left us with the Pennsylvania
Re' , erve, wider General McCALL, on Fri
day ev,iiiittg. 9 o'clock nu. the saute
evening it was our privilege to conduct the
everting worship of the Pittsburgh Rifles,
commanded -by. Capt. SMITH, formerly a
popular Conductor on the Pittsburgh, Fort
Wayne and Chicago Railroad. This noble
company belongs to the Pennsylvania 9th,
under Col. JACKSON, SO well known by those
who have been accustomed to pass over the
PenusylVania Railroad. Almostthe entire
company was present. The hymn..cum
" Al . l hail the power of Jesua' name,"
was sung to the tune's° intimately associa
ted with the words, and which .is so well
known in 'al l ,the 'churches. After :this, - a
part of the 103 d Psalm was read and'prayer
eared,' atilid the greatest apparent devo
tion. To have beheld that scene would
have comforted many anxious hearts whose
loved ones are in the ranks of that com
pany. From the time of going into camp
until now, it has been the custom of the
company to have morning and evening wor
ship. This fact is highly creditable to both
Officers and men. And in passing through
the different regiments thiS evening, we
heard' the voice' of prayer and praise in
many tents. As a matter of course, there
were tents from which sounds of a widely,
different character proceeded, but these were
fewer than might be expected, when we
consider the heterogeneouS character of, the
elements composing an. The strict
discipline of the camp
restraint on opm vulgarity and profanity ;
white in this division, and also in the en
tire army'on the lower Potomac opposite
Washington, it is almost impossible to ob
tain intoxicating liquors. A, close watch
is kept on wagoners, sutlers, and even vis•
ii . ..orscsome of whom in time past have been
accustomed to convey by “ealth,liquors to
But ut near the hour of midnight we
must leave for Washington. The hour is an
uo -easonahle one ; sentries must be passed;
the road is covered' with . wagons, and
thronged with the soldiers who bad been
left, behind to guard the baggage and eainp
equ'pments when the advance was made;
a id the clouds threaten a heavy rain. TWo
ladies are with us; one has a- son in' the
Pittsburgh Rifles, and each .has a son in
the Sewickley Rifles of the 28th Pennsyl
varCa regiment, under (Jul. GEARY, near
Harper's Ferry. And these are young
men from, our congregation and neighbor
hood to whom we must 'preach on the Sab
bath. And in order Co make the connexion
with the train-on the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad for Harper's Ferry, we must, leave
Washington at 6 o'clock on Saturday morn
ing. We are now twelve miles from that
point; the ni & bt is very dark; the heart of
the kind sutler who had agreed to take us in,
has almost failed, but ardour leaps over
all obstacles, and we start on a dreary, but
exciting journey. Sentinels are every
where; the creak of the heavy army wagim
is heard at almost. every step, ; ;' the -loud
voices of the wagon masters resound all
hal 'guarded at Tent - tally Town, ever and
non break upon the ear. When we reach
L•ngley, the Headquarters of Gen. Mc-
C LL, it-is nearly 10 o'clock, but the vete
ran Gineral is still up and busy at work,
.quietly smoking his cigar. He is a man of
medium he'ght and build, of easy and gen
tle address, but evidently of great firmness
and decision. His experience as a soldier
has been large, and his ability is said to be
of a very high order.
. Scarcely do we receive the General's
parting salutation, before those dark clouds
that have been collectingfor hours begin to
pour out their floods to'an extent not often
.au passed. But we journey on safely and
seen:C . ly, receiving nothing but the kindest
and most considerate attentions from senti
n tls, teamsters, and soldiers, while the rain
falls in torrents, and .the, streams roar.
Only those-who have taken such .<a ride , at
such. a time, and under such circumstances,
cart,fully appreciate its character. At 3
o'clock, A. iT , we reach Willard's, and
leave our generous sutler,' Mr. - 11A.wHalgs,
of Beaver County, Pa., whose attention and
kindness we can never forget.
At half past four we are' called.; have
breakfastzt five; and leave tbe station at
six. -After, Waiting an hour and a half at
the Relay House, seven miles from
more, we take the train for Knoxville, foitr
tid'es below Harper's Ferry., Whit a
change bee come over the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad ! The long passenger trains
are seen no more; and the heavy burden
trains have disappeared. One, train each
way does the-passenger business between
- Baltimore and` Harperrs Ferry, and , the
army snpplies.the greater' part of the , tray-,
el. Even thiS train..runs so irregularly
that it is more a joke than any : thing else,
except to those who are compelled. to travel
by it. At Monocacy a Wisconsiu Regi-
meat keep watch, and from that on to
Harper's Ferry there is a continuous line
of pickets. -The Point of Rocks where .
the Rebels destroyed- the bridge across-the
Potomac, laSt Spring; is Col. GEARY's
head quarters. -His line of pickets 'ex
tends some fifteen miles, employing six
companies, while eight companies are, in
camp, ready for any active duty that may
Le called for. - Another-company is about
completed in Philadelphia, and the artil
lery company is drilling at Washington.
So that the entire regiment will consist of
sixteen companies, including a fine battery
furnished ny CuARLES KNAPP, Esq., of
Pittsburgh. Military .men' consider this
one of the very finest regiments in the
service. At the Point of, Rocks, the
strictest surveillance is observed. No
-one can , leave the ears without being ques
tioned by the officer of the day; nor can
any paisengers riropoed, farther unless they
'answer the inquiries-in a way satisfactory
to that- personage,.who is" required to ex
ercise the utinbSt'fidelity in the Most gen
' At Knoxville, we ''reach the quarters of
company G of this regiment, and meet
such a reeeption as can only be given to a
pastor by young men of his charge. Our
lady - companions ;An to' iabrace their sons,
and we take up our abOdi with the, officers.
The general °nod appearince, 'of the com-
PRESBYTERIAN BANNER: 7 -SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1861.
ta in has gained thirty pounds n weight;
the fist lieutenant cannot button his coat
closely ; •nd the second is in 'very nearly
the same predicament. Several of the
men have pined from ten to fifteen pounds,
and but two sick are Pound - on the list.
The next dad is:the holy Sabbath, and:- the
officers seek to avoid every. thing, as, far,
as possible, that would, interfere with the
sacred character of the day. But two niMa
are left on each picket,t that as. many as
possible may have the oPpOrtuhity of list
ening- to the , preaching of the gospel.
And at' eleven o'clocliz, with a drum fora
reading desk, we preach •to .the -conapany
and a goodly number . of citizens, on the
parade ground. And.it Is high .tinie , that
these young men should' hear the - gospel
preached, for,. from the middle, of : July-until
. period' of three mrofiths, they: have
heard but orin.sernion - . The Chaplain Of
the regiment had lingered behind for seven'
Weeks, and when he did arrive, the compa
nies on picket duty received but-little of
his . attention,. though . ' he:', i 4 said be a
man of ability and evang,clical_spirit.
In the afternoon we ge up to Sandy
Hook, cross the river to Harper's Ferry,
and preach to the Wisconsin and Massa
chusetts companies: that have taken posses=
sion of-that point.. But what a scene of
desolation is presented. Here is-.the little_
building in:which JOHN' BRCPWN undertook
to defend hiinselff: here are' the ruins of
the immense Government works, Hares
Rifle factory, Lc. The machinery : not de.
strayed by the fire has been all removed,
and the furniture has.fipan taken from the
houses occupied by the officers. and super.
intendant; all this has' been 'done, by the
rebels. Most of the inhabitants have fled - ,
and 'desolation prevails all aroUnd.' Just
as the religious services are about to s COM
mence; the pickets on the hill 'begin to - fire;
and a report is.speedily brought that some
fifty of the enemy:lllre entered an old 'mill
and some deserted houses about a'mile and
a half distant from the spot where we
stand. There is apprehension lest a' suffi
cient number might ,collect to, force our
pickets; during ,the: night, and a Rhode
Island battery.is sent out to dislodge them
and destroy the buildings: About the
Conclusion of`the services the cannon begin
to fire in quick succession, and soon the
Work of demolition is complete. This was
undoubtedly whatinilitary,men would term
a work of necessity; for the collection of
a large number of men in 'hit place dur
ing the evening mig,ht have - been fatal to
the few hundred loyal troops already acrosS
the river at that point, before the dawn of
the Morning'. Upon our ,return to rlinox r
vine, we- preached to the same military
company, in connexion with,. a large.au
dience in the village church.
The arrival of the Paym4ster, on Mon
day, was the signal for great. rejoicing.
Many of the men sent a large share of
their earnings to families and friencli• at
The people of this locality, are not re
markably distinguiShe,d.,fer Uoiou send
meet. There was a time when considerable
loyalty was manifested,; but this gradually
disapp'ea.red under the malign influence of
the State right theory. However, there are
o t e re4nort er
the Federal Government if there is no
escape from it, but.would not be reluctant
to welcome ~-TEITERSON DAVIS to the soil
of Maryland; 'and not a'few a e bitter Sd
olsionists, only held in cheek by the Vigi
lance and firmness of the 'United States
troops. Yet all of them are kind and hos
pitable to our soldiars,,,although the small,
traders tax them most :unmercifully for
everything they purchase, and the prices
demanded for the sheep•and hogs -that dis
appear so mysteriously „along all , picket
lines are sometimes startling to- the poor
A fine agricultural th'e begin
ning of the famed Cumberland' Valley; lies
between this and Frederick, where the'
bogus - Secession Legislature 5_ adjourned so!
summarily, a short; time ago, and from which
its. members ;t00k.., an involuntary, trip to
Fort Lafayette. . - A.
This is one of the tioble = enterprises of
our day, which: is very, d.efectively patron--
ized. The interest professed in the welfare
of the people of color in our country, is
very-great; but. the 'actual. beneficence ex
tended to them, is very `small: We have
much to say about the unnaturalness and
inhumanity of slavery, and profess an in
tense loathing of - the system, as well we
may, but what do we for the real freedom
and true elevtition ofthexace which suffers?
Oar Statela ws, protective of their li herties ;
and the occasional• uprisings and mobs in
defiance of law, 'to preyent , the recapture
of the escaped; and' the "`underground
railroad" system, spiriting thein away from
their masters, all come immensely short of
making them real freemen. Excluded from
the social •e,i'rcle; and'. from official'station ;
and from the bearing Of arms, and from the
use of ti e.elective franchise, their nominal
freedom ,is condition of. degradation.
They. cannot rise amongst us. Out :feelings
utterly revolt at the thought of amalgama
tion. The thing 'canna be. Hence, with
us, they must, continue to be an inferior
race. And whether in slavery or freedom,
in either North' or South; they are doomed
to degradation. Their only rational pros
pect of elevation is din an exodus from our
Co ists. Abolitionists, emancipation ists, an ti
slavery men, politicians, benefactors, Chris
tians----all friends of social freedom and
human well-being ; should keep steadily in
view this all-important truth'; and, in al)
their planning for making free our numer
ous colored population, they should regard
it as indispensable that a suitable, place
shall be 'provided for them, and that they I
shall be safely transplanted. This is a hard
problem in the general'question of emend
pat;ion; but it' is One which whit - be.inet
and solved. ,The, condition of the race
must be bettered, in any change we allow
ourselves to contemplate; and not only
slightly improved, but`' so altered and so
founded and'arranged that real' liberty, so
cial, political, and religious, may be secured.
The American Colonization Society has
<been experimenting for-some forty years,
and now furnishes real data leading 'to' a
solution of the problim It .,
h on the
Western coast of Africa, e q .:flourishing col-
The, colonists ?proper :number:a few
tifou3atid-eiiiigitift4 from theArnitedt Slate-
These hayez%cetvedamong them many re
captured;.andlthenciuneducated and unciv
ilized, Africens. They have also adniitted
to citizenship about four times their num
ber of natives, who are receiving instruc
tion and"cbtifo„rming to the, rules, of well
'regulated They have a regular Be
,publican government, with the Christian
religion, literature, art, agriculture, and
,The possess about ve bun
dyed miles of sea coast, and extend .twenty
to fifty miles,iuto the country.
In Liberia‘wo have a beginning of what
We want. There 'is there true freedom:
There is equality and, fraternity. All the
powers•of a burn= mind may there expand,
every nohle„principle may there grow, ev
ery right.may,,be enjoyed. And the expe
riment has proVed the susceptibility rif the
African r4Ce. e They have not yet devel
op ed powers Aqual to those of the Cauca
sianSi s and possibly they never will rise to
Our level •,,' hut they have shown themselves
capable of self T governmen't; after but'a-Coro
paratively brief pupilage. They have law,
order and safety. They.have a home,-per
sonal rights, littnily rights, and the right
of property.-"'Tlie man owns himself: His
wile is his. ; 11Th children he can protect
The fruits of his toil he can enjoy.
mind he may' ultivate: Ails offspring are
free. - • ..
But we are wandering from our first
thought:, We took up oar, pen to speak of
the Pennsylvania Colonization Society%
This is a branch of the American Society
The annual meeting was held, last week, in
Philadelphia. ,A beard of officers was
electedL—inostly those fornierly in the same
stations. JOHN P. Ononn, Esq., is Presi
dent, and , Wat. , COPPINGEZ, Treasurer.
- The fo . lloWing sketch of the Society and
report we condense froth'the Inquirer :
" The PennsYliania Colonization Society
was instituted in Philadelphia October 23
1826, .and incorporated January 6,,1830.
The cause Whichit endeavors to promote is
one emphatically interesting to our own
country. Liberia exhibits, an importance,
and promise eClual to the predictions of its
disinterested friends., It, opens before every
freeroan of . ctilor a field for honorable en
terprise, political pri : vilegea and social .en
joyments. offers ; to the American
statesman a feasible method of securing
permanent prosperity, to, our land, and .to
he Christian of imparting to the teeming
millions .of. A'.frita, his perfect and sublime
" Thirty-three of the colored
ofPennsyliania emigrated. to Liberia since
the last report, vis., seventeen from 'Alle-,
gheny County, one frem;DauPhin County,
one, from :Lancaster ,CoMitY, foUr frOm
Philadelphia, and ten, from Washington
" Since the last annual meeting, there
has been, received the sum ,ef $5,344.66.
Nine, life metubers.were constituted, making
the whole number at this date, tour hundred
and forty-,six. The . number, of, voluntary
" Fourth of July ",collections were twenty
five, realizing $327.18.
" The packet Mary Caroline Stevens
started from Baltimore on her ninth voyage
for WeSterri Africa, November ,1860,
With fiiil cargo, eleven:.,cabin passengers
and eighty emigrante. The barque Ed
tauq, of the colored firm of jOlllsl,BON,,
TITRI;IN VIINBAR, sailed - from New-Ynrk,
,24th, with seven - passengers, aided
by the New-York State. Colpnization So
cietY. „The 'distUrbed condition of Public
affairs, and the Jack of business; and
justifying the regular .trip of the tit mot,
Stevens .31ay„lst and she has since been
engaged by charter-parties.
" The last report mentioned the capture
by our naval cruisers of five slavers, and
the landing in Liberia, by order of the
Government of thc United States. of their
surviving freight:Ltwenty-three hqadred
and seventy-six souls. To theses must be
added the seizUre, • off, the
,Congo River, of
three more, .slave ships, and the
from them, atllonro '
via of, twenty-three,
hubdred and' eleven liberated Africana.
These make a total of this, class, received
by the Liberians within a period of less
than nine Mondis—Aniust 21, 1860, to
Nay 8, 1861—of four thousand four hun
dred and eighty-seven re-captives I The
authorities of Liberia have, with commend
able zeal, taken the charge of this large
and sudden addition to its population.
They hate'placed -some. in• the families of
such citizens as were deemed competent to
their eire, and established others oil public
farms, with inStrUctions to, train ,them in
the customs of civilized and Christian
Late intelligence represents them , as gener
ally in - a 'course of rapid assimilation to
Amer:Me-Liberian habits: They go to:their
schoolS,..crowd their churches, adopt their
dress, and speak knglish.
" It has been computed that our Govern
ment has•disburSed $200,000,000 within
the lait:thirty years to help the Indiana of
this country. rt; has rescued seieral.thou
sand Africans from slave-ships, and re
moved them to and provided for them,• for
one year after arrival, in that
the fathers and supporters of our institu
tion founded on the Western shores of'
their native land. If Congress applies
means to remove and settle the Aborigines
of our own andtif a .dista.ut continent,' can
it not, whenever the proper time arrives;
as,' • QonitititionallY Pursue a like course for
the Colored race in our Midst ? Viewed
from every point of observation, as au in
centive. for the settlement of our people of
color, to enhance the value of our commer
cial and to strengthen and en
arge of colored men, the sub
ject; of; African colonization is worthy the
serious; consideration of our .rulers, =State
clot:ofitiktion front Liberia is decidly en
couragipg. Health, peace, and plenty con
' tinue, and considerable increase of enter
prise. and industry- is. manifest. The 02i*
ports are rapidly augmenting to Europe,
because our Government has omitted its re
cognit as a nation, and to, form °miner.
cial relations with its authorites. As a
consequence its shipping and commodities
are burdened in American ports. Else
where they are freely and heartily wel
.comed. President BENSON and. Vice-
President WARNER were reelected by very
decided majorities at the biennial election,
held in May."
It is a great shame ' that the 'United
States have never acknowledged the Libe
rian Republic, and a loss to both them and
us that me have no commercial treaty. It
:is. to be hoped that one good result of the
present 'unhappy war, will be , the awaken
of our 'country. to a sense of its,,duty
toward 'Africa: and the Aflicans, as-a Tor
trim or - the common mass of hninanity ; a
portion with which we have, providen
tially, become so connected as to involve us
in peculiar respoosibilities.
TEE NELERGLAND CHURCHES IN FORMER
A "Traveller" in New-Eng,land writes
to the•Oineinnati Presbyter.
" The early irraetice of' the 'Church was
to have two ministers in ,one clinch Thus
t;ive read ; thai on. the organization ..of the
Salem church, Mr. SKELTON - chosen
pastor and- Mi.:illiciediktif 'l4 , Qtreii of
:Ipswre . NATHANIEL ROGERS was.
pastor and Mr. tIcHN NORTON li,to tea Cher;
'• and a:is-church continued to have a pastor
and teacher for one hundred and ten'years.
HOOKER, and <SToNE were pastor and
teacher at one time of Newtown, (Cam
bridge,) WILsoN and COTTON, pastor and
teacher of Boston.
"There were alSo Riding Elders in the
early churches of New-England. At the
organization of the Salem church, Mr.
11011011 TON was elected Ruling Elder, 140 i
as . for the circumstances of' admission into
the church, they left it very much unto,the
discretion and faithfulness of their elders.'
The church of 'lpswich retained elders for
ninety-three years. They had commonly
two at a time, who had their
.seat in the
pulpit during '`Divine service. TIDDIVAS
FAIINCE was the last Ruling Elder' in the
Plynt , uth church, born in 1646, died in
1746. The order - of church services in
1641 is -giVen as follows: 4 The pastor be
gins with prayer,and the teacher reads and
expounds a chapter. After this one of the
Ruling Elders would give out a psahn. lie
would reads sicgle line, and such as could
sing rose in,different parts , of: the. house and
sung it; then another line was sung, and
so on.' The Cambridge Platform, chap: 7,
says: When a minister preacheth abroad,
in another congregation, the Ruling Elder
-of the place, after, the psalm is sung, says
`publicly—lf this present brother hath
any word of exhortation for the people at
this time in the name of and, let him say
This is the title of a Discourse preached
before • the Synod of Northern Indiana, by
Itcv. 301 IN M.*LOWRIE,'D.D., October 10th",
and published bj request It is founded on
the words of PAUL to TITUS, (Titus ill':
1,) "Put Ote4/1, 2:16 'mind tabs subject to prin:-
4iCq powers, to obey ma,gistrates?'
Minister's,' when preaching_the'Word, are
- within the sphere of their- duty.; and we
rejoice to. find' our brethren faithful in this.
Such texts as that, here presented are, just
- now, " A." Word in season.."' Providence
calls for their selection, and their faithful
exposition Ad application. The minister
who, at Suet/ a time, would be terrified into
silence by the cry of politics, is unworthy
of his, people, and faithless to his Lordund
Waster. „We wish no One to go farther
than the, Ilply Spirit, in the written Ilrf.‘rd,
has given lira a text. And no one..shonld
strain at text, nor unduly' magnify civil
affairs, even in their religious ispeets, nor
cherish any but a Gospel spirit; but within
these bounds let every one speak freely.
And we are pleased to find that our'
T b tministersld !
patriotic res y ellen an e
.are admstomed to avoid all bitterness, ex
travagance; and 'mere sectionalism. They
look at the whole country. They sustain:
government as being not. State nor
tional, but general. • They ask that a con
spiriey May be put down, a rebellion slip
pressed, the country preserVed; and the
h6le people; North, , South, East,. and
West, enjoy their equal and constitutional
rights. They would have war waged only
- upon those who take up arias against the;
Government. They would 'invoke punish
ment upon those alone who are actually in
volved in guilt. They teach as Christian&
5.:43 the action of the General Assembly,
and of, our' Sylods, and Presbyteries, and
4,he sermons published, and our religious
To this general fidelity in expounding
Christian spirit, the sermon of Dr. LOWRIE
is not an exception. He calmly and firm-;
ly, under the injunction of the text, says
"It is the cluty.of the ~Christian ministry
to remind,their, hearers' that they• are not
only Christians, but citizens and- patriots;'
and that the -SeriPtires clearly and often.
enjoin the carefnl discharge of civil
tions; and that obedience to lawful rulers
is obedience to God himself." He shows
that the Church
,the proper interpreter
of the moral law. Her sphere embraces:all
the moral obligations of men. Her power
- or reproving an evil, i'mplies necessarily the
power of . investigating the nature of that
evil, and also the fact' of its existence.
Men may not trample upon God's law, and
then shelter themselves under 'the prhteit
of political opinions. God's law reaches to
the whole Of hunian actions', iri their moral
aSpect. If, then, Secession is a breach of
'Covenant, if it involves Perjury, if it is
real :Ilisloyalty, and if it leads to -robbery
and bloodshed, it is a violation of the moral
law, and Gnd's ministers, in expounding
andapplying that law, are so to, teach and
warn the people.
The sermon well vindicates the late
General Assembly against its accusers. and
ably sustains the Government of the coun
try. it also with great propriety affirms,
that _',there is no need for the ire guent dis
cession of such in the pulpit. These
are not tne chief duties, of the Christian
ministry. Let us ever keep in mind that
our chief calling is to instruct men in
spiritualAings—to aim at saving souls."
I CORRECT SENTIMENT RELATIVE TO THE
Rev. Dr. Loan, of Chicago, thus spoke,
in his Fast-day sermon :
I know there have been , crintinations and
recriminations between individuals, and
parties, and sections, and my soul has
grieved over them in secret and, in,public.
I know, too, that some States have attempt
ed to 'el/4de their obligations to the Consti
tution in the matter of fUgitive slaves, and
I have fdt that, to that, exte,nt, they brought
our common- emmtry into' 'peril, and them
selves under dishonor.' ...I. And yet they
have not been alone in sinning. It, would
be, indeed, a difficult thing to adjust the
exact proportion of . guilt,belonging to the
different, sections, and determine -which has
been most in the wrong. We have all been
too much so. But all this : is aside from
the real. question. That, relates to the Na
tional Government. What has been, its po
sition and course? How has it'borne itself
toward all the people, and all the States ?
Wisely t kindly, and impartially from, the
beginning until now. Or, if at any , time it
has inclined, or seemed to incline sec
tionally, it has ijot been toward
and the people - ifile remain Our
brethren iu ifinkagainst us cannot point to
a'single - biereise of its power' ot'perreetly
Cohstithtional V-at reait thitil their attitude
and desperate attempts brought mc'those
public exigencies which made it impera
tive-to exercise the War power, the -exer
eise of which power;` itt such .exigencies,
the Constitution itself contemplates.- 'No ;
• in this - thing,‘, our - :Government-stands: on
~high, above impeachment; and not only so,
but its patienee,, forbearance, clemency,
were annteieg. ' The history of. civilized
Governments, the world , over and tim e
;through, furnishes no other 3 uch .example.
It looked on, and saw,its authority defied,
its, soldierihetrayek,ita its;, and, arsenals
assailed and plundered,- its -ships ,seized,.
tisarkl 3 i . 6ktriil9 WinkrliShbea4;l4ladjle eVaitikic
strangely .waited, as if, like some tender
and yearning father, it could not bear to
strike; and in the' hope that its guilty chil
dren would at length see their niadness
and crime, and repent. But this almost
sublime forbearance was construed as imbe
cility or cowardice. Instead of allaying
animosity, it gave hope arid courge, .co
treason. Insult ,untile rose hig,her
and still higher, they dared to - fire
upon a. National ship,
rit on mission ,of
ercy,,and,to bombard „a National fo.rtress,
holding a mere handful of brave, but starv
ing, men. And, as , if ,all this" were not
enough, at that very juncture' there Went
the cry, - R
," ally; yr'e
armed.batt4lions I . and on,, on to Washing
ton and the Capitol!"
My brethren, those audacious acts inau
gurated war. - By those acts ou r
ment;gailty of no crime —nay, profniindly
desirous of peace-=was compelled to cePt
war. The only alternative 'was disliViinr
and ruin. It rose, therefOne; sadly; bit
solutely, to put down - this* 'gigantic -con
spiracy. Humanity, patriotism, religion.
demanded it, and, with the blessing of God;
whieh,we may so rightfully invoke, it, will be
done. And when it is dope, oh, how will
the loyal thousands'of the South rejoice in
their deliverance) and even those who have
been deceived and betrayed into rebellion,
,return to an allecrianee
,puier and firmer
than before; and. "all of us,. with grateful
and glad hearts, give thanks tosGod. for Cnir
again united and redeemed country !
THE BIBLICAL lIBPERTORT.
The October number' of the Reieitory
maintains fully the usual
_character of .that'
Journal. Its contents Are: 1. , Dr. HICKOK.'S
New and Revised Edition of Rational:
Psychologyi' IL American Nationality ;
Some_Late Developments of Ameriein
ItatiolialiOm'; IV A. Tractibal 'Vieir of
Infant Baptism V. Tan der Palm; VI:
Natural Grounds of Civil , Authority.
Short Notices. Literary Intelligence—
The.firat; article is' . a philosophical refu
tation of 'a very absurd idea Which "Dr.
HICKOK; of Union' College, endeavors , to
present, nder the appellation' of 'Rational
Psychology. The article on , American
NatiOnality is able and lucid; and brinos
to notice sundry,mattere belonging to the .
inception of 'our National beingiwhich are
highly important. In this . day of the
-pleading of State rights and State sover
eignty,as a covert for treaSon, andis a jus
tification of rebellion, the-public should be
"taught vastly more than what is' usually
known of our history during the . period of
our passage froth the conditiorrof Colonists
-to that of a nation, under, a,.constitution'
and a general government. The Repertoiy
does a good' service in the discussion of
seine of our great National questions.
, 1 1 1 k-ATTENDANCE AT PRESBYTERY.
Absences from ,the meetings of Presby.-1'
tery—especially , in cities—mare very
mon: - The Presbytery of Rochester City,
or its attending' members, -oTieied with this
Sin, unanintousip as is said, passed the 'fol-,
lowing preamble and resolution
' IVIEREAS, Many mersberS'of thisTreS
bytery seem indifferent in regard to their
attendance upon its sessions.; and .;.•
Whereas,, It is the imperative duty of all
members to attend faithfully upon, the
meetings of Presbytery; therefere, - ,
Resolved, That hereafter every "member:
of Presbytery who nay find' it impossible'
to attend .upon its meetiri,gs,,:shall be -re
quired to send a written excuse for his
'absence- andin ease of -'continued neglect,
shall call the delinquent to gave an account ,
for his nfglect. ; ' ,
The first part of thisleeolntionis `good,
but the means of enfordeinent, as 'prOviided
in, the latter part, may prove very, ineffi
nient. All Presbyteries prefess to, .require
delinquents •“to give: artlaceount - of their
neglect; but the voteiS so unifornily; "sus-` ,
tain," whatever excuse or reason !env' be'
offered, 'that the a account'' amounts to,
but very little. If. .any:one.could, discover
an effeettal means of inducing membersof
Presbytery, both ministers Land 'elders, to
attend all meetings of - the body, proinpily,
heartily, an d in •the right spirit,he would
be a benefactor. ..+ .
Synod of taltimon.—Thio•Synod is
posed of the Presbyteries of Carlisle,
Baltimore Winchester Lewes and Pot&
mac. By a general consent it seems that
there' is to be no Synodical meeting• this
Fan. 'The seat of war embraces a large
portion of the territory. Hence the red
resentation of the people would be but
Mr. PHILIP H. MOWRY was ordained by
.the Presbytery. of Philadelphia, on , the
Bth_ inst., and. installed in the. Fourth
Mr. E. R. VAN EmAN,Aate of Ten Mile,
Pa., is about to settle in charge, of Ot
towa and , Rockville. churches, Ohio.
His Post Office Ottowa, Putnam
Rev. Mr. Woounmat was received from
the New,School,Preabyterian church, by
the Presbytery, of. Zanesville, its lasi,
Rev : EL,S. Futrign'ioN, South , Salem Ohio,
has two sena . ,' Rev. G. FlitiOdiY and
Rev. A.'F:FifiLEitTorr, whiff aie chap=
lains „int.the..army. ,
For the irehii*ein 'Bammr.
Presbytery of Carlisle. :
This body held its Let, regulay,meeting
in , Mechanicsburg, .an was opened, ; by a
sermon from Rev. 'D. Grier. --
By both- the ministers and', eldership it
was well attended • twenty-two of the for
, mer and fifteen of the latter having been
it was one • of those meetings; the very
retnembranee of which gives pleasUre ; the
spirit, Which binds
..together the members of
the Redeemer's flockwith the strong cords
'of brotherly love, apparently; pervading all.
Rev. Wm. Y. Brown -(received at our
meeting from the' l'iesbyteryof Omaha,)
was certified' to the Presbytery of the • Po=
Mr. John Wh'erry'was licensed-to preach
thet EVerlastino. 'Gospel. 7 , •
Bev R A.'. Brown recipes:Wl and obtain
ed a dissolution of the pastoral;relation
:oxistingibetween hinband the:congregtion
•Hagerstown, and' w as - appointed to eon
tregal x ,inue there as Stated;Stipplynntil our.nex.t
ineeting. T h einstallatie n of l'4v.
'Beattie. over :the* Jiraynesbeic
branch • of his, charge, ,• was - reported. A
call from , the Church , at Petershurg for-Rev. '
-R,. Agne'W`;',(preienteeat`the last ineet
big) 'was returned with .'..redsons for 4leclina-
The churches of. Pitershur; andAana
gyan had leave to supPly'their u n
til;'neict rekular nteetirik'' Supplies were
granted to Will ililfsjiiitt far- every fOUrth
SAbbatli, theAn' eitt
Abu ,RSktfiricy t‘liee-titkiaxletAi
was recommended to care of Presbytery t,1..
Newcastle. Presbytery on motion enj o i n _
ea upon all the ministers and Session,
within its' bounds to. afford an opporm.
nity, to their congregations to contribut e to .
all the Roardsrot the Church, and app o i nt .
ed. a Colmittee to see to the accomplish_
went` of this object; especially in vacant
Iwas on Motion
earnestly recommend e d
to alPtheefturches under care of this P re ,.
bytery; that they observe the , first week ct.
January, as a week of special prayer, fur
the outpouring of the Spirit and con,„_
gen of the world. A Committee was nl „
pointed to visit the churches of this P re ,
byteryrind britig before them the intereq s
or the )Idard of Education.
,action in reference
the Thind for-Disabledifinisters, in accord.
anee 4ith I directions of. last General
An adjourned meeting of Presbyter,
was appointed to be held in the church J r
Silver Spting,-on-third Tuesday of Nore m ,
ber, at 11 o'clook, When (D. V.) the ordi
nation 'and installation of Mr., Dinsmore
will take place: ;Carlisle was , selected as
the place'of next.,stated meeting; Rev. s_
J. Nichols to preach the opening sermon.
The following Report of the Committie
to whom were referred the Minutes of last
Generay-Assembly., was received and unani.
-monsly adopted: • .
In connexion with ,the appointment of 4
day of prayer, in July last, in view of the
distracted state of country, the Assent_bly passed.- resolution elpressive of th e
loyalty an ikattaehment of the Presbyteria n
Church tOttheq(ational Government, hand.
ed down, tto us`, from our fathers, in the
mercy of God ; which resolution the Co n .
mittee- would recommend the Presbytery
most heartily to endorse.-.'
The Assembly decided, as bad already
been done in 1846, that the action of the
Assembly of 1816,.1n reference to the sub.
jeet of. Slavery is nit.reseinded, but is still
in force.' A.
, „ ;:i .
The following paper on the conduct o f
our Commiesionersiiii`the last General A,..
sembly, aria on the 'State of our Country.
"Presbyte , ry having heard the reports of
the Commissioners in the last. General A,
sembly, and . especially the explanatory
statements.-Of-Drs.,,,Stockton and Alriei
respecting their vategaon the several paper,
before that -body,' iialtegard to the state oi'
the country; (the fay,iConrinissioners beinz,
absent' jillitt thes4l votes were given;;
deenrit"due tothe importance of the sub
, ject involved, and to the public attention
which it has excited, to place on record
the following minute, mix.:—The Presby
tery having the fullest confidence in de
integrity and fidelity, as well as patrioti , m
of their. CcniiiiisiOnera, -,,, and not being able
at the time' 'of 'their nppdiflttrient, to fore
see in 'what ~ aspects, ourpresent national
troubles„rnight eorne;befere the , As - sembly,
declined to,givejthem any instructions on
the subjects r;; ~ _ ~:. ~
" Not, onlitdcieS our cenfidence in these
brethren ;remain unabated, but we are : - .41
to learn:hetik-from the recordi of the As
sembly and from the explanations now
made, that their action in the:premises wa , ,
. incy,Sigu,", tioi, - in fact, expressive =.).:
disloyaltYle theN atinal Government, bu:
, was ,prompW IV:sympathy with the em
barrassments of loyal brethren at, the
South, and was intended, according r,
their own judgment, to further the inter
est of the Ifni - chi; -bYlireserving, as far a,
possible; the integrity of the Presbyterian
ClintelL , V7 . They , have also declared their
unqualified approbation ;of the views ex
pressed iti the resolutions adopted by the
Assembly, And, their readiness to vote for
them as,.lC - latitemeat o f the sentiments or
thistßiesbyteryl-- till:a-sale question. there
d'incy 'ottlie-Said' mains ;,
e o s f te the the A Ze l l:
blyi - itill;manner. *and form, and in the
f e e ir t n i. z onli dta ,,i ti t c h e ou t t i be c n om e mi xis ss ti i n on g e . rs In n d th if i - ,
questih r if, ll- the • ! Presbytery have not the
stighluit . lpurpise to impugn their motives.
noriteVdis - pet al;
e their wisdom nor to sa
tow' artirreproaches which may have hec e ;
i zs v t in ur
the active_part taken :by _many
I I a ca n u d se ln le e ;, l) ard s w e i f ek e e n d r Church, rebellion,
in Gai.land, demanded, after the example
of the,P,athers in thetimes of :the R -, l ie
tion a cleard i• -declaratione‘° 11-
~, ,,i, an e.x.p lett of t'' ,,
political - morality`
and Christi duty' "
~ an alit
from me be
m rs o the Church to the State
as the just "
. „counterpart of : the protection ~,'
tied by the civil ant ' ho
~ , ous rights andf,.interests
, e t,
~.r t s
riii,.We. cannot vita,.
hold . 4, , , ,A tp e r ni e b ss iy i. ,. . „. o , f;,-4ie.:,
4 i lia c . obi ; 'the`',
tßesotoccl, That without amendment,
resolutionswec"doffiaelYiepaCree and approv,
SPrinz, an d - offered by the - Rev. Pr.
'finally 111 1 0 1ite4 by the .'
sembry. - • " -
,:on the stibjectof
.., the' records of rii
sembly almost '. . inlay' hrwhich the A,
be .8611 in. full, to: t-h- approve ti.
. ,unanimonril a 1
tion of 148,, ~ • 17 1 -mare the v
;Thatesolvedl Presbyteria n Church T..
- ; thelate orders of Maj , 7
f:,the-!'lrei ” "PressSivineveartYil,
-the-Ohristian, Sab a b n a ' t f h ":tie
rib, sin ;common
..witit_ •- t tsrmoSt cheering
e, twhole relii , ',-
community, and we hail
the 'efforts now in' , it together ty , -'.
temperance, • ga:-„abirPisri,i° suppress i'':
_kindre,sl vices, in--thent-; profaneness,
greatest ee uc good.: Re solved, T ' h -
t, true to t as h . e P p r a " s I t
i s h
:b t Presbyterian Ch h.
nd elate- our inn
af, , , c ,. : ee
Church;: , we prole
q G ualified
-Constittiti on ,,
and our obligation to ow
utmost of our power, t''
of" ,the: laws. Government of
to t d :
-taro tg - the very
the Union, and the author::
" ~R,esoked, That nne c asiog and earn , - -- :
;prayer fbr, the blessings of God upon
distracted ,eountry, and, upon the teen
,arms for its defence, and upon our rule::
be urged upon all our ministers and peui,-
in order to the restoration of peace by t
firwestabliskiinent of our institutions.
The folloviin paper was placed on i t s r
record s Of the ' Presbytery, at the re'l"'
of-the Ministerial COminissioners,
undersigned leg' leave that 1 1.
fell Owing declaration - of the views wh. ,
abtuated'theit course in - the last rneetilq ,
the General ''. 4, 3Sertibly, may he entered
the Ilef:.ords of -PreSbytery,'siz.:
Ist: That ail the opening of the (Tans:-
Asseintly; 'we; along with a majority
;that'body jidged,it inexpedient tbr 05;
tion to betake n on the state of the con'
try, action might lead to a dis 7r:
_Church, and a perm /new V
utenibermeneel-the .raderal Union.
"141;.1,Afterttlie subject had been int
duced.,and 'discussed, we judged it to
proper' that ''Aisembly should Fa-`
Tesolgtion siistaininc• the Federal Gt , vl- ,
:merit, _and 'condemning
fullest andritiOst unequivocal manner.
tlrermore we - judged it prope r that the 1_
'Bii:ifttld pass a resolution esT.n
xng their syttipathy With out brethren 1 9
4 4e. Sizmik, mho are, : loyal, not only to
Churehr but also to the Federal GQ Vu. '
menttj ;else, their strong desire that -,
such should continue in the communi''
tli Pil i.4 . 4 .4 Yfet : jan'fehurch--that the it
xl,f; , tie , Chllregm;ght aid to
,Vhesintegrity, oftthe , Federal Union - T. ;
4see wishod-tha- Gfteral Aseembly to t"-