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PITtikURGO I BITURin, OCTOBER 19, 1861.
gag- Having purchased for 'our office the "Right" to use
44ccntentaost and Dispatch Patent, all, or nearly all,
f osir subscribers now have their papers addressed to them
regularly braVingu/arty unique machine, which fasans
qe the white margin a small colored "address stamp," or
label, whereon appears their name plainly printed ; fonoweit
by Ahe 4a4e up to which they have paid for their papers—this
'befits aurhorisid by an Act of angress. The date will
Vutays be advanced on the receipt of subscription numey,
on exact accordance with the amount so received, and thus
be an ever-ready and valid receipt; securing to everyone,
ODA at ali times, a perfect knowledge of his newspaper ac
e hunt , that ' f any error is made he eon immediately de.
itmOt it and have, it corrected-41 boon alike valuable - to the
publisher and subscriber, as it must terminate all painful
usininaerstandings between them respecting accounts, and
;has tend to . perpetuate their, important mdationship. •
*, Those in arrears will please remit.
The old postage stamps are still received
offices where new stamps have not been
16nrished. But none are taken in Pitts
itorgh, , Here the new stamps only are
.either, given out or• received. Renee per
sons sending payment to us will please to
Acrid only the , new stamps ; and send none
.but three. cent stamps. The old stamps are
utterly f itscless.here ; and the five and ten
cent, and larger stamps,'we turn into money
with f great difficulty.
Bla;reville Female Seminary.—This is the
only Female Seminary in the Synod of
Pittsburgh. The attendance, as shown by
the Catalogue of 1861, is eighty-three.
Licensed Venders.—A money problem rel
ative to the sale of intoxicating liquors, in
Allegheny county, is published in our News
columns. It is intended for individual
thought, rather than for an answer in the
Our Government merits the ardent affcc.
tion9nd cordial support of every Christian.
It furnishes Us a peaceful and quiet home,
where selves, wives, children, property, are
all safe. We lie down and rise up, and go
out and come in, and know not fear. God
bless the Government, and grant that the
Rebellion may be speedily repressed, and
the whole land enjoy peace.,
A CHRISTIAN SENTIMENT.
The Evangelical Alliance, composed of
the representatives of Christian Churches
frOm all parts of Europe, and from North
America, at its late meeting in Geneva,
Switzerland, unanimously adopted the fol
lowing declaration of sentiment with regard
to our civil war, and its cause:
" The Conference of Christians of all
countries assembled at Geneva testifies to its
brethren of the United States the lively sym
pathy which it feels for them in the terrible
crisis which desolates their country. The
members of this assembly desire to pray
frvently that these deplorable events may
be turned to the advancement of the inter
ests of Humanity, of Liberty, and of the
Kingdom of God. Convinced that the ex
istence of Slavery is the. cause of the war,
the Conference prays to the Lord to incline
the heart of' his children in America to
bring about, by wise and Christian meas
ures, the suppression of this institution,
which is as contrary to the Gospel as 'it is
to the peace, progress, and prosperity of
that great nation. And, since our brethren
of' the United States have set apart the
26th inst., as a day of solemn hnmiliation
and prayer, the Conference invites Chris
tians of different countries to unite on that
day before the throne of grace to pray with
their brethren in regard to the present
trial, remembering that if one member suf
fer, all the others suffer with it."
ATTACK UN DR. GURLEY.
We copy from the Pittsburgh Gazette,
.of the.9th inst., as follows :
"In his last-clay sermon at Washington, the Be,.
Wm. 11.*CHA5NING, Unitarian, gave it as his sol
emn opinion that the reason why the Almighty
has brought this war upon us is, that some of the .
Northern States heat abolished capital punishment.
." The New-York Tribune remarks that it
is not impossible some clergyman may have
talked thus absurdly, but Mr. CHANNING
•who is himself opposed to capital punish
ment,•acid is by no means a fool, never im
agined anything of the sort. The Tribine
is right. Though it has been copied from
.journal to journal, the above foolish para.
graph has only this foundation—that it
ascribes to Mr. CHANNING the foolishness
bf Dr.• GURLEY, who edified a highly dis
tinguished auditory, including the Presi
'dent himself, with this surprising doctrinal
discovery, as was stated in more than one
or two Washington reports at the time.
" The distinguished author of so original
and curious a view of the war ought not to
be so soon forgotten, or to be in danger of
losing the laurels he is fairly entitled to
wear. Mcire especially as Mr. CHANNING
on that day took a very diverse view from
that of the learned Dr. GURLEY—a view
so el:Simon-place, so vulgar, so common
sense even, that we are ashamed almost to
." Mr. CHARRING was so like other people
and so little like Dr. GURLEY, that, he lost
every chance he had of being ingenious,
original and profound in his view, as Dr.
GURLEY was, and merely thrilled the hearts
of his hearers by eloquently interpreting
and enforcing the now almost -universally
popular conviction that SLAVERY IS TAE
CAUSE OF THE WAR."
Sentiments like these are in character
with ~ the retigiones opinions of the New-York
Tribune) but that such a commendation of
Unitarianism, and such ajling at evangel
ical orthodoxy, should be copied into the
Gazette, is, to us, astonishing. Dr. GURLEY
is a Presbyterian, and one of the most
godly and eminent ministers in our Church.
He is doubtless opposed to the abolition of
capital punishment; for God has said,
" Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man
shall his blood be shed." And again,
speaking of the good magistrate : "He
beareth not the sword in vain." Dr. Gua-
LEY, being a minister of God's Word, and
bound by its teachings, doubtless both be
lieves and preaches according to these quo
tatioos ; but that he ever uttered the bare,
bald sentiment , above attributed to him, is.
not to be believed for a moment.
The war is upon the land on account of
our sins. One of those sins is, sympathy
with crime and a shielding of criminals.
Another is the cruet oppression of the
blacks, four inilliona. of whom are denied
some` of the most precious rights which
God has allotted to man. Other iniquities,
also, great and terrible, have abounded ;
Mid no sober,- calm, intelligent Christian
minister, as Dr. GURLEY certainly is,
would, single out;one of tbem, and. especially
.one which, as specified, is found in but a
few of the States, as' f' the reason why the
Almighty has brought this war upon us."
It is by such misrepresentations, false
hoods, and flings, that infidelity now strives
to winits way against Evangelism. Parents
should:guard against its Introduction into
.irhe poisonmay do its
41e 1 01y„ work in . 4e
,inuthful` *mind in
sidinuili and unobieived or 'before an
.antilio—tig,:eitrttt!e.elettiYo l 7 tidtainistoted.
THE SYNOD OF PITTSBURGH.
This being the Synod to which we owe
special allegiance, and in which we have
just passed a few days of delightful Chris
tian fellowship, we will give to it a portion
of an editorial'eolurnn.
The meeting was held last week, at the
beautiful town of. Kittanning., on the Alle
gheny River, forty-five miles above Pitts
burgh. Kittanning is the capital of Arm
strong County, and the present terminus of
the Allegheny Valley Railroad. The road
is intended to pass up the'valley till it shall
reach the Oil regions, and thence till it
shall "intersect the Eric and Philadelphia
road, and the roads of New-York.
The attendance at Synod, of both minis
ters and elders, was large. Much im
portant business was transacted, with the
greatest harmony. There were no Appeals
nor Complaints, to . give annoyance and
consume time. We shall briefly notice a
few of the subjects which occupied the at
tention- of the brethren. The Minutes
we 'shall probably give to our readers, next .
The Endowment of the Fourth Profes
sorship in the Western Theological Sem
inary, drags rather heavily. About two
thirds of the quota of this Synod has been
collected and paid to the Treasurer. A-few
congregation's are paying interest annually
on their allotment, till they may find it
practicable to pay the • principal. Other
congregations have done nothing. A few,
we fear, are not only among the tardy, but
are utterly reluctant. Efforts were ordered
to ascertain who these are, and the amount
likely to be deficient, when a new call will
be made upon the willing. Thus it always
is, to some extent. The " liberal," and ,
those of " a ready mind," have to supply
what is " lacking" on the part of their
tardy brethren. The Endowment should
be completed. The institution is eminently
worthy. Our Synod, supplying as it does a
very large number of young men for the min
istry, not only to meet its own wants, but
also for other fields, has a deep interest in
furnishing them with the very best means
of education-; that they may speedily re
ceive calls to churches, and-become distin
guished for usefulness.
The subject of Chaplaincies came up on
Memorials of the Synods of Baltimore and
North Carolina, laid over from last -year.
The peculiar matter presented in the Memo=
rials elicited but little interest. But the
importance of having good men to fill the
office, both in the .army and navy, and of
having them well supplied with -reli
gious books, tracts, and newspapers, for
gratuitous distribution, was dwelt upon
,w s ith much feelin,4. What an interesting
congregation does a regiment of a thousand
men constitute ! How great the need of
religious influence, and how important that
the spiritual instructor shall be truly a man
of God, wise, laborious, earnest !
Colportage received a share of the Syn
od's attention. Our'Boarcl has made some
progress, but it comes immensely short of
a full and proper occupation of the field it is
expected to cultivate. But, with only a
little over three hundred dollars contribu
ted by the churches, what can the Board
do ! From the tone of feeling manifested
in Synod, we hope for better things in the .
future. EVERY onunew should contribute.
The cause of Domestic Missions was
brought before Synod, by a letter froni Dr..
JANEwAY, the present Secretary. ' The
Synod's response was most cordial. The
paper adopted, we place in another column.
An incident painful to the religions
mind occurred, or rathar, was likely to oc
cur, but which terminated happily. A
full regiment of volunteers, under the com
mand of Col. SIRWELL, had been encamped
for some weeks at Kittanning. This regi
ment bad been attached to Gen. NEGLEY'S
Brigade, and orders came, on Friday direct
ing the men to move to Pittsburgh on Sab
bath morning. The Synod. immediately
appointed a large Committee of its. most
venerated members, to wait on the officers,
with a request that the movement'might be
deferred till Monday. They were most
kindly received, and measures were prompt
ly adopted, to have the order countermand
ed. The troops were thus permitted to
enjoy a quiet Sabbath. Many of them at
tended pUblic worship. Some of them
participated in the Communion; and. on
Monday, all joyously set out for Pittsburgh
and a Western field. They have the earnest
prayers of the Synod, and we trust they
will enjoy the Divine protection and bles
sing, shielding them in the battle-field, and
saving them from- the still more fearful
dangers of the camp.
- On the State of the Country, Synod
adopted resolutions, such as become a
Christian people, in a time, when a wicked
conspiracy and an extensive rebellion
threaten tlie dismemberment of' the Union,
and the overthrow one of the best govern
ments with which God has ever blessed a
people. Our ministers and elders are
thorough supporters of the Union, the
Government, the Constitution, .and the
The Counnunion, on the Sabbath, was
largly attended. It was good to be there.
The Lord was present, and the blessings he
bestowed will cause the solemnity to be had
in long remembrance.
WASHINGTON CITY, Oct. 12, 1861.
This city is now, as it has been for
months, the object of great interest in our
national affairs. Notwithstanding the suc
cesses of our arms in Western Virginia,
our reverses in Missouri, and the porten
tous condition of things in Kentucky, the
"Federal City," as our- fathers termed it,
is still the place to which • all eyes are
turned. It was this upon which the lead
ers of the great rebellion had set their
hearts; to seize it was their highest ambi
tion, and to effect this every nerve was
strained, and all military skill applied. Also
the disaster at Buil Run teas to be re
trieved. Our national reputatiorodetnanded
this. Moreover, the stronghold of the en
emy is at Manassas. The Confederacy
stakes its all on this point. The opera
tions in other places have mostly been in
the guerrilla style of warfare, receiving but
little attention from,the traitor authorities
at Richmond. And here are congregated
the flower of the loyal young men of the
Norti-=.-fbr them millions of lovino• hearts
, at lume,yearn,for them prayers ascend from
hundreds cif thousanchrorhousehohls.
Therefore, it Was with no ordinary emo
tions that we approached once more the
Capital of our Nation. At Baltimore, evi
dences of the care, vigor, and discipline of
General Dix are every where apparent.
The insulting demeanor toward Union men
so common in July, is nir hlnger seen.
Even aristocratic ladies, whose hearts are
filled with t` e rankest -secession proclivi
ties, are much more cautious in their ex
pressions than a short time ago. And the
preparations made for the accommodation
of the military, for-the suppression of any
insurrection that might possibly break
forth, and for defence against anyinvader, ,
are on a large scale, proving that treason
and rebelion can no longer rule in the Mon
umental City. . .
A short distance above Bladensburg, we
passed the 24th 'Massachusetts Regiment,
commanded by Senator HENRY WILSON.
The men were remarkably fine looking, and
splendidly equipped.. This regiment has
been gotten up regardless of: expense, and
is considered the " crack " regiment of 'the
Old Bay State. But the Colonel had been
lionizing in New-York, Philadelphia, and
Baltimore so long, that the men had be
come completely exhausted from long march
es, want of rest, and irregular meals, and
were discontented and, disaffected. This
will pass away in a short time, and this reg
intent will in due time do geed service.
Wonderful is the change that has taken
place in and around Washington since the
advent of Gen. MCCLxLLAN. The hotels
are no longer filled with officers, nor are the
streets crowded with drunken and swearing
soldiers. Hardly an, officer: can be-seen,
except 'these connected with the War or
Navy Departments, and no soldiers at all
are straggling along the streets and ave
nues. Every where the greatest order and
Just at this time the most intense anx
iety prevails. The forces under Generals
SMITH and-WCALL have crossed the Chain
Bridge; (constructed entirely of wood,) and
are advanced some five or six miles on
the Leesburg turnpike; the, camp equip
ments and rations are being rapidly for
warded; and the troops are employed most
actively in preparing their camps. To obtain
a " pass" to this new and advanced post
is the desire of many, but the acquisition
of only a few; among whom were we, for
sundry-reasons. The road we found lined
with hundreds of
. army wagons, and our
progress was slow, owing to the frequent
delays. At length we passed the bridge,
and were again on the " sacred soil"- of
Old Virginia, and standing on the very
ground from which the rebel pickets had
been driven. But everywhere were the
indications of the care with which the ad
vance had been made. The timber had
been felled, the underbrush had la”.n burnt,
and on the various eminences cannon
yawned upon us. When the camps were
reached, a most beautiful and exciting
scene presented itself. There lay thirty
one regiments, with all the parapher
nalia of war, on an undulating plateau.
The strictest watchfulness prevailed every
where, every precaution being taken to
prevent surprise. The patrol composing
the advance pickets was the Pennsylvania
Eighth, under command of Lieut. Col.
OLIPHANT, of Uniontown. When the .
tents were lighted up at 8 o'clock, the
bright moon shining,' the sparkling stars
looking down urn us, the splendid band
in the distance playing the Marsellaise, and
the hum of more than thirty-one thousand
voices in the regimental camps, made a
thrilling scene, never to he forgotten. The
advance is composed mainly of the Penn
sylvania Reserves and the Vermont Regi
The surrounding country is very beau
tifbl, in a fair state of cultivation, and
flne mansions of the old Virginia aris
tocracy are seen here and there. But the
inhabitants fled with one accord at the
approach of our troops. The troops had
gene out 'late 'in the afternoon, and laid
in the woods 'all night, and their sudden
uprising in the morning caused a perfect
panic. Beds were left unmade, breakfasts
uncooked, doors unlocked, and everything
in perfect disorder. These people were all
Secessionists, and supposing that the 'day of
vengeance had at length come, they were
seized with a panic that nothing could re
strain. More' anon. A.
"OUR HOLY. FATHER, THE POPE."
There have appeared, in France, within
the last two years, a number of pamphlets,
and sundry newspaper articles, on the sub
ject of the Pope, of great power and keen
ness. We re-produce from the Christian
World, one of he latter as we find it there
translated into English. It has also been
translated into Italian, and extensively cir
culated. The revolution in Italy has given
a large degree of freedom to the press.
The article is thus:
•I. It is always the same story ! In the
street, the same as at home, in the papers,
and in conversations, at the church, and at
the shop, we hear of nothing but discus
sions relating to our 'Holy Father, the
All this clamor at length wearies us.
What has he done, then, this poor, old, good
man ? Some folly without doubt. Let
him consider the matter, it is his affair.
If he has, as they say, failed, to fulfill
his word to his people; if he made them
beautiful promises, and has never kept any
of' them; if he has completely wearied out
the patience of his followers, then it seems
to me that it is the duty of the people to say
to him : " Holy Father, a thousand pardons,
if we leave you, for we, greatly prefer to
have forli temporal.rtiler, a worthy, honest
king, a man.that keeps his word." -
What is to be done if, as they say, this
Holy Father curses modern civilization,
and imagines to hiniself that liberty I's
made for him alone ? One may shrug his
shoulders; it would be the best of replies.
•If be assumes obstinacy, for dignity, the
non possumus for greatness of soul, Castel
fidardo for a glorious battle-field, the carry
ing off of the Mortara boy and Bluth for
acts of heroic virtue—the infallibility, of
the Holy Fatherappears to me, truly, to be
a little in the wrong.
If, as .4hey say, the Holy- Father is
destined to fall, headforemost, from the
height of his temporal power, it will only.be
on, account of the want of his own equilibrium,
because he ought to have thought it was
worth the trouble to give a solid, base to
his existence by meriting the affections of
his subjects. Let him, reflect on this now-!
2: If the Holy Father; following . the.
footsteps of. Christ, had shown.,us. by-his
conduct, -that he is the first disciple 'of a
Mastei full !'iif - gOdne* and l6ve; Win
stead of ieniindingl- Of.AO: l !RoAce of
Saint' Pefeil' - and the "patrimony of _the.
Church," speak to .us of aihea,v
enly kingdom, of treasures 1 faith, t ind of
morality; occupied himself ailittre
less with flaming canons, and a little more
with spiritual arms with which he would
teach us to overcome injustice, idleness,
and debauchery; if,-following the example
ofrthe Saviour„'he drove out sellers and
buyers frOM the Temple,-so that the whole
edifice should only contain works of purity,
charity, muil.piety; in ti" word, if he should
only give us for :our whole.law, the Holy
Scriptures: oh ! then we. would receive
hiw with delight, and thousands of voices
would cry Out :," Welcome to the wished
for Pontiff "Live for ever, the Holy
But inie encloses himself in his now
posthumous character, if he refuse to take
a sin g le step` to place himself on a level
with the present age, and in harmony with
him who is 'Master of all the ages, then we
have. no choice but to do without him.
LetAbis , lalarm no one ! His fall Cannot
injure us, inasmuch as he has not been able
to save us.
His name was never found on the lips - of
Jesus Christ, neither on those of his Apos
tles. The first Christians were able to do
without him, and they did not find them
selves:any the worse for it. In fact, Ite.en- -
tered the Church with his tiara emblazon
ed with jewels, with his cortege of haughty
prelates, offering his foot to be kissed by all
those who approached his throne. He came
dictating, laws,to the kipgs and emperors, of
the earth, claiMing for himself alone uni
versal .supremacy ! He came with his
mouth full :Of invectives against his ene
mies, and ageinit those who would not sub
mit to his arbitrary decrees! He came
taking' away children froth their mothers,
forbidding the clergy to marry, and scat
tering abroad disorder in the Church of
God ! He clime crying, "To Arms! To .
Arms !" andAhly, have we not again heard
the echoes of his warlike cries, " Come to
my help, Zoo:ayes ! to the“rescue La Mori
ciere, Europe' charge in my name I " And
how can he•call himself'the representative
of a gentle- , and humble Jesus, of him
Whose kingdom was not of this world, and
who of all crowns only accepted one of
thorns ? And how dare he claim the name
of him - who came not to be served but to
serve, who had not where to lay 'his head,
who followers had only the poor,
the impotent, and the sick, who in fine,
came only to bless and save us ? ,
Row does he compare himself with him
who blessed the little children and gave
them hack to their mothers; to him who
declared that marriage is honorable for all
men, and, who, also said: " Put thy sword
into the scabbard, for all those who draw
the sword shall perish by it!" Jesus
Christ also sayA fel his disciples: "Ye know
that the 'princes_of the earth and also the
governors.eiercise authority over them, but
it' shall not be thus with you, be ye not
called master, for Christ alone is your , mas
ter, and ye are all brethren."
Let us then be -in no wise anxious about
what shall become of the Holy Father!
Let us recognize Jesus Christ as our only
master. Yes ! Jesus Christ who gives to
God alone the title of Holy Father, and
who said to his disciples : " Call no man on
earth your father, for one alone is your
Father, which is in heaven.'
Yes, Jesus Christ who presents himself
to us as Master, as Pontiff, as Intercessor,
and as Saviour; Jesus Christ, in a word,
be who died, but now ]iveth forever, and
who has promised one only representative,
one only Vicar, until he returns in person,
the Holy Spirit whom he gives for a guide
and a consoler to all those who put their
trust in him.
In conclusion, let us leave to those to
whom it belongs the care of regulating the
affairs of Rome Let us not worry our
selves in the least about the Pope ! Let us
take for our guide the Holy Scriptures, and
for our only master, .Jesus Christ.
This Board is laboring hard to recover
from its depression. And it is labering
in hope. If his commenced the reduction
or its 'debt to Nits missionaries, and hope
lights up the heart of its members.
Dr. JANEWAY, the Corresponding Sec
retary, addressed a letter to the Synod of
Pittsburgh, setting forth the Board's ur
gent need. The Synod adopted the fol
lowing paper in response:
Domestic missionaries are the Church's
agents in preaching the Gospel to the poor.
Our enterprise in this line is one of the
distinctive evidences that we are a true
Church. It is, in our ease, by no means
as strong and brilliant as it should be.
But we have it. And we seek its increase.
We have been employing more than six
hundred' en in the work ; and we contem
plate large, additions. There is room.
There are ails,. many, loud, and earnest
This Synod' would not be deaf to them.
We would not have our Church Board be
deaf. Neither would we have it so feeble,
that it shall be obliged to hear, and not
A combination of circumstances, which
we need not now rehearse, has' crippled
the Board. It has become indebted to its
laborers, beyond its ability to pay. It bi
borrowed fifteen thousand dollars, to corn
.pensate them in part; but it still owes
them fourteen 'thousand. As remedial
means, .it has reduced appropriations' to
its missionaries twenty-five per cent. It
has arranged with its bank creditors to ex
tend the time of payment of its borrow
ings. It has relieved itself of the' burden
of a seeohd Secretary, and of travelling
Superintendents. It has established a sys
tem of strict economy, so far as seems to be
consistent with full efficiency. But still, it
needs a large, increase of means. It must
still incur pbligations for labor, because the
work may not cease. it must repay its
borrowed money, and stop the interest. It
must restore to its missionaries their former
salaries. And it must employ still more
laborers ' to occupy the ever .extending
fields. And for the accomplishing of all
this, it is . dependent upon the liberality' and
promptiiude of the churches. It has, of
itself, no money ; and no means of making
money. It-is a recipient—the depository
of the churches—the distributor of . the
bounty of God's children----the executor of
the, will of, Christ's people. It but puts to
use the means with which it is furnished.
The experience of the Board for the last
two and's. half years, in which the-embar
rassments have occurred, is not without
benefits. Its conductors have learned wis
Confidence in the Executive is indispen
sable tollie efficient carrying on of an en
terprise. Where there is confidence in a
Government it can, raise money. Confi
'dence in a General will induce men to flock
to his standard. And confidence in the
Board of Domestic Missions will bring all
needed means into its treasury. Our
Church has wealth enough , to supply all
present' wants; and we trust that she has
also the grace of giving, susceptible of be-,
‘ aderate,ly excited. Her two hundred
thousandporninurticarits--our brethren in the
South being 'not counted—can readily both
pay off present debts and sustain her mis
sionaries, if only they have confidence in
the Board-and its officers: And this confi
dence is new'ithesited.. The action of the
last General Assembly was decisive toward
the establishing of the principles of action
of which ;this Synod approves'. The Sec
retary is 11, wofking'man ; a man'ef
' and earnestly devoted'to thecause of mis
sions. ',PRri,sidpfing the change of action in
the Assembly, and the changes -in the
Board officers, and ,the benefits of
experience, the reasons are ample for an as
surance, that all funds entrusted to the
Board will be used economically, and that
the work of Domestic Missions will be
prosecuted 'whiely and efficiently. There
Resolved, That the Board of Domestic
Missions be commended to the rich, speedy,
repeated, and continued liberality of our
KEEPING CLOSE TO. GOD.
A-child was with its father in the midst
of a great crowd. The child was fright
ened by the noise and confusion around
him. "Keep dose to me," said the father,
extending his hand, "and you need not be
• 'We are in a world of confusion and Alan
ger,.but, if we keep close to God, we need
not be afraid—we shall be safe.
We shall be safe 'from• evil thoughts.
They are very dangerous. They corrupt
the soul ere it is aware: Many a man has
been ruined by evil thoughts. They have
gradually obtained place in and power over
his mind, till the result has been. open and
When we are close to God, evil thoughts
do not enter our minds, or if they do, are
immediately banished. A holy influence
spreads over our minds which keeps evil
thoughts far away.
We shall be safe from delusive thoughts.
We are led astray by error. False views of
life, false views of men, lead us to do many
unwise acts. A great deal of defective
practice is owing to defective views. The
pleasures of the world appear real, and
men follow them. Eternal things seem dis
tant and distasteful, and men neglect theni.
Occasionally temporal things are seen as
temporal, and they lose their power over
- When we are close to God, we are in an
atmosphere of truth. We see things as
they are: The vanity of earthly joys ap
pears. We see the truth, and oan act in
accordance with it. No man looks with
either admiration or desire upon the pleas
ures of sin, when he is near to God.
We shall he safe from the assaults of
Satan. He will 'make no continued as
saults upon those who are standing close by
the Holy One.
Those who aro earnestly engaged in the
pursuit of helloes, know that Satan is to be
feared. When a man is indifferent to the
assaults "ofSatan, it is a proof that he . is far
from God. Those who are near to God and
desire to remain so, will fear the assaults
and devices of Satan. They need not, for
lie is safe who is close to God.
At all times, and under all circumstances,
let us keep close to God. He holds out his
hand to us. He will never repel us, how
ever great our guilt, if we really desire to
keep close to him.
Mr. JOHN H. SHERRARD was ordained and
installed pastor of the churches of
Bethesda, Middle Creek, and Oak Grove,
at a late meeting of the Presbytery of
Clarion. - •
Rev. M. M. TRAVIS' Post Office. address is
changed from Lee to Athens, Ohio.
Rev. M. JONES, of Cedar Presbytery,
lowa, has been elected Principal of the
Glade Run Academy
and will take charge early next session.
Rev. D. R. CA.AIPBELL, pastor of the church
of the Two Ridges, Ohio, has received a
unanimous call to' the church of St.
The Presbytery of Cedar
Met in Marion, September 24th, and was
opened with a sermon by Rev. F.'A. Shear
er. Rev.. S. Meo. Anderson Vas chosen
Moderator, and Rev. D. H. Mitchell, Tem
porary Clerk. Rev. F. A. Shearer was re
teived from the Presbytery of Palmyra,
and a call from the church of Princeton,
put into his hands. Rev. J. S. Fullerton
was also received from the Presbytery of
Toledo: The pastoral relation between
Rev. John M. Jones and the church of
IVaizott was dissolved, and Mr. Jones was
dismissed to the Presbytery of Saltsburg.
Rev. Jaeob Kolb was dismissed to the
Presbytery of Dane.
Rev. J. D. Mason resigned the office of
Historical Secretary, and Rev. S. MeG.
Anderson was elected in his place. Messrs.
Van Yliet, Pentzer, Smith, and Kemper
were appointed ea Committee to organize a
German church, at. Buffalo.
Rev. H. I. Coe being heard in behalf of
our Boards, the following resolutions were
WHEREAS, The necessities of the va
rious Boards of our Church in these times
of National trouble and pecuniary disaster,
are such as- to demand the most earnest
sympathy of all our ministers and churches,
and to make it imperative upon our Pres
byteries to exercise a more careful super
vision over the various benevolent enter
prises within their bounds; and whereas,
we have reason to believe that the sum of
five cents a week from every member of
our Church in the North, will furnish am
ple means to our Boards, therefore,
Resolved, That as office-bearers in the
house of God, •we do hereby solemnly
pledge ourselves to use our . influence with
our people, to secure at least-that sum from
every member of our respective churches.
Resolved, That every minister in the
Presbytery be enjoined to preach on. the
subject of Systematic Beneficence„in every
church he serves, before the 15th of No-,
vember next, and on the subject of Minis
terial Support, before the 15th of Decem
ber next, and on both these subjects yearly
thereafter, until otherwise directed by Pres
Resolved, In view of the special necessi
ties of the Boards of Domestic Missions
and Church Extension ; this Presbytery will
hereafter recommend no church to these
Boards for aid until that church has been
visited by some member of the Presbyterial
Committee of Missions or Church Exten
sion, and its wants thoroughly examined;
and will in no case renew a recommenda
tion for aid to any church Which does not
annually contribute to the six regular ob
jects presented by the General Assembly in
its plan for sinaultaneous collections, record
ed on rage 349 of the, Minutes for 1861.
Resolved, That our churches be directed
as far as possible to conform to the plan for
simultaneous collections referred to before_
I?esolved, That the Stated Clerk be di
rected to furnish, this action of. Presbytery
to all our churches immediately, and that a
report of what has been done in conformity
thereto, be required of every minister and
every, church at each Spring meeting of
The following supplies were appointed :
Walcott and Blue Grass—Walcott : Ma
' son, third Sabbath of. October. Walcott
and' Blue Grass : Waters, second Sabbath
of November. Walcott : Belden,' last Sab..
bath of November. Walcott and Blue
Grass: Middlemas, fifth Sabbath of De
ceraber. Walcott: Onrotliers, third Sah-'
bath January. Walcott and Blue Grass,:
-,Pentzer, fourth Sabbath, of February.
Walcott: Waters, third Sabbath of March.
7 Sabbath of 'Oet
He I.as accepted,
For the Preebyterian Banner,.
tober ; Winters, second Sabbath of Novem
ber; Fullerton, first, Sabbath of January
Marshall, second:Kibbath of February.
Inc Witt—Shearer' first Sabbath of No
vember; Boag, first Sabbath of December.
The following is the assessment for Com
missioners' Fund : - -
Muscatine, $7; Davenport, 7; , ToWs
City, 4; Marion, 2; Tipton, '2; -Cedar
Rapids, 2; Mechanicsville, 2 ; Red
2; Summit, 2; Long Grove, 2;
1.60; Blue Grass, 1.50; Cedar Valley, 1:-
50; Fairview, 1.5 i; Unity, 1.50 ; Wilton,
1.50; Herman, 1.50; Sugar Creek, i. 50;
Princeton, 1.50 ; Le Claire, 1 ; De Witt,
1 ; Muscatine, Ger., 1 ; Mt. Vernon, 1;
Linn Grove, 1.50; Springville, 1; S olon, 1.
Rev. R. Boag is to preach at the next
meeting on "The Future State of the Im
Adjourned to meet in Tipton, the . first
Tuesday of April, at, 7 •
L. BB P. M.
ELDVN, S. C.
Correspondence of the Banner.
NEW Yous, Octo ber
. our mi
a p u ro d v b e l d ess condition airs, e
to feel sad to see a coma
ly gratifying to everybody. I
et it i
try so prosperous and happy
details six months since, now distracted by
war, and portions of it passing through eon_
the horrors of a fierce and desolating
filet. Look at Virginia! Six months ago,
peace, security, andprosperity, everywhere
T a l F tress at
The great av or
Norfolk, and the _National Armory at Her
per's Ferry, were
giving occupation to hu
dreds of industrious men, and thousan.d w
connected with their 'operations. No
they are irreparably , destroyed, and black-
ened views only show where they once ex: 7
isted. The Naval Academy at Ati.:
and the Bal
napolis has disappeared,
timore and. Ohio Railroad, such a source
of wealth to Virginia, has been par
tially ruined, and millions of dollars could
not replace its bridges, rails,
tives. Portions •of the State have been
utterly destroyed by the contending armies,
and her capital, Richmond, is, in the con
dition of a beleagured city. Distress, af
fliction and desolation is wide-spread, and
even her" most zealous secession leaders
must stand dismayed at the
_ruin and disas
ters they Ave inflicted upOn the " sacred
soil." But what have they gained ? Have
they received any fresh guarantees, is their
desired non-intercourse profitable, and are
their slaves any more secure? Let the
Large bodies of troops continue to pour
through and this city for the Potomac,
and yet a naval expedition is fitting out
here which will soon produce a sensation
somewhere South. The harbor is -black
with huge war-steamers and gun-boats; not
less than eighteen, exclusive of some heavy
frigates, were counted yesterday, off the
Battery. That this enormous fleet is
destined for powerful execution somewhere,
no one presumes to question- In connexion
with' it, Christian men are making efforts to
improve the moral and spiritual condition
of the soldiers and sailors, that while
are serving their country, they themselves
shall not be neglected.
It is gratifying to find the Tract Society,
in Nassau Street, is still laboring with great
success in this work. From recent intelli
gence, it is ascertained they have supplied
more than one hundred and fifty regiments
with 'a vast amount'of their valuable pubs
lications. Since April, they have ex
pended about one thousand dollars a month
in this work of gratuitous distribution ; and
in addition to over four million pages of
tracts, handbills and periodicals they have
circulated, the troops have received one
thousand of the Soldier's Camp and Sol
dier's Pocket Libraries, each . containing
twenty-four volumes: The various testi
monials to their great value, and the warmth
with which they are received, from chap
lains in the Army and Navy, leads the offi
cers of the New-York Tract iSociety
earnestly to solicit more aid. The requests
for their books and publications are'earnest
from every quarter, but unless the Christian'
public come to their relief, they will be
compelled to curtail their labors.
The Christian principle of " loving your
enemies and doing good to - those -that hate
you," is being exercised toward the prison
ers taken at Fort Hatteras, and now con
fined on Governor's Island, in this harbor.
They are almost destitute of clothes, and
are feeble and sickly; but thishas prompted
the benevolent to get them clothing, and
administer to all their necessities. The
New-York Tract Society has sent them
large quantities of - their publications, and
Christian men are striving for their spirit
ual and temporal good. We must ever re
member they are our countrymen, though
misguided and misled to revolt against the
best Government upon which the light of
the sun, vier sbone. Many of them are
Northern men, or with relations among us
by ties of affection or by marriage. Of
course, the more friendly they are cared for,
the more thoroughly will the Southern'
people be conviced that their confidence has
been abused, and they have been grossly
outraged by the representation of the de
signs and purposes of the North. Every
section of the country is suffering from
this most infamous and baae rebellion ; but
it is certain the rebel States, cut off from
the outer world, their products unsaleable,
and their most necessary wants not to be
supplied, are vastly the greatestsufferers.
In the North, we have free communication
with the world, and our manufacturers, and
mechanics, and merchants are beginning to
find new fields of industry,d
an ample ern
ployment: The exportsof
out cotton, are even milliOns, of dollars larcrer
in extent than last year, whenthe•
was going forward in abundance. May our
spiritual proSperity exceed even our tem
poral ! THOMAS:
Perhaps the most hopeful sign that has
recently appeared in the - theological firma
ment of New-England, is the establishment
of The Boston Review. Two or three years
since, an effort was made to start a Quarter
ly which should represent the better theol
ogy of New-England. Its basis, however,
was too indefinite; and after uniting, with
the New School brethren of New-York, it,
passed entirely into the hands of the latter,'
and, under the title of the American Theo
logical Review, is now the organ of New
School - Presbyterianism, as held . by the
Union Seminary, N. Y. Within the pres
ent year the lass pretending, but not less
spirited Boston Review has appeared. It
made its appearance quietly, and under the
charge, as we understand, of a few of the
younger ministers of .New-England. It is
issued once in two months ?rem 114 Wash
ington Street,- Bostm. As some - of thl
Congregational papers have been greatly
exercised by the supposed denominational
spirit of some of your New-England corres
pondence, we propose to stand aside and let
your readers hear this Congregational wit
ness in regard to the religious and theological
state of this section. Let it be remembered..
that in the courage that does, not hesitate to
expose and combat these errors, there is
hope. The Boston Review has borne itself
nobly thus , far. We open:its numbers
almost at random and if hints are found
profitable for other quarters, let...them not
be despised. In the May number is an ar
ticle on " Doctrinal Preaching, from which
we quote the, following
"When a people will not tolerate the
very elements of the, Gosp.el; and its cen
tral and, lifesiving doctrines, and - when a
preacher will not elabotate and'present
them, what can the yalpit'offerlt must
'offer - whit -so -inany' ,NeV-Enilaildvare
For tlio Prosbytialan Banner
offering every Sabbath-day—sacred l it.
tore; the fine arts; conVentional 1 40 , z1 :,
set forth in a mosaic of the poets ; th e
tical sciences; Garibaldi and s o ,
ism ; domestic, social, and political ref,i„.
and lyceum lectures with a text.
The tax-payers and treasurer are not
to discover that those sermons
least of doctrine, are usually p rea „} L „.
the fullest pews. They learn that t i„.
duction of the creed is the enlargeiwp.
the congregation. - It, will swell it
grows into the Broad Church,' " Li "
come so large that it cannot worship J ILL. ,
house of God. * * * Many pr o f4„i t ,,,
love the truth, have theories of
not acceptable, yet inoffensive to the ~
ral heart. They would cast aside u ir,
forms and phrases, because associated 1 ,
ancient and traditional prejudices,"
In the first ,a.rticle of the July euo,
the writer says . : " Doctrinal labor i n ~
Church and pulpit and Sabbath s c h or , i
at a discount. Sitting at 'the feet o r:,
fathers is unprogressive and unmanly ;
ing a definite creed is an antiquated noz ,
the use of precise phrases that gener!:
have accurately defined, and a long pr „ .
sion of saints hallowed, is servile; a tv,-
istic theology is mainly of service to
by, &c. * * What shall be done with
doctrines? Appear and pretend to p r ,:
,them while their, substance is ()w i z: ,
This is the policy of some. They
the language of 'diplomacy, and to the ,-
biguities of State papers. * *s„
that we have in some pulpits atone t ,...
without vicariousness; total depravity c
out any thing offensive to God; the
creation without any direct and instal:ll w
ous and Divine crea duo ° = efficiency ;
as God's acceptance of volunteers under
Captain of our. salya,tion ; future poo l s
meta as the 'unfeFiunate results of an
jured constitution,, and everlasting T ..
ishment as a continuance of unfort un .
results, till a- second, or third, or rl
remote probation, .has restored all of,e,
One writer, who.understands his subj e
has been giving a scorching analysi s
Henry Ward Beechees teachings. He sat.
"There is an impression in the commun . ..
that Mr. Beecher <has nothing fix.cd
settled in theology,'= that he speaks at
dom, aad is-therefore " not to be he
to strict account." The reviewer justly- sat ,
if this be so, then he is " a most an , „
religious' teacher." But he declares
impression - to" be " altogether without f u ,
'dation." " Mr. BeCcher's 'theologieal
elusions are well considered, and deliberat.
pronounced. He means all that he sae.
and a good deal more, insinany instant,
than he seems to mean with all his frau,
ne,ss, &O. * * * We say= this with heel
andl beg. our. readcrs • to mark it;
his sympathies: and antipathies, his pi.
Billed preference of his brother Chapin.
[a Universalist preacher,] to the ' vinege.
faced evangelicals; his incessant warfare ir
on doctrines and creeds, and church orgal..
zation and the written Word of God;
fraternization with Theodore Parker, at:
his sounding eulogy of the man—all this',
with us simply , a matter of course."
The Reviewer gives extensive extra..
from Beecher's Sermons, which confirm I
positions and make us doubt whether 31:
Beecher ever knew what the Gospel v;.•
Is it not a fearful fact that such a in: :
should be the most popular preacher in tIL
Congregatienal body ?
I append,, as a curiosity, an epitome
the author himself; of a new treatise, ir.
New-England, on the Person of Christ.
withhold the name both of author an.
book, as it has yet attracted no attention.
and May beat be allowed to die. The au.
thor was some twenty years, I think, work.
ing out his theory, and, as every theologia:
will see, has only brought up the old Apol
linarian heresy of Deity taking the place
the human soul in Christ;,„
"‘ Christ was God himself; clothed
a human ornnization, presenting by
unalterable raw the nature and.attribute=
only of man. soul was Deity, and !In ,
merely associated with Deity; it was IV:
the human nature tlf - God, distinct from hi
Divibity, but God as a human soul; Jeb
vab manifesting himself personally, as mat
in the fullest sense; this depending nr.
the organization through which he acte:i
To this . podsr, the identity of the Sem:
Person was confined. Thus we have
God man ; heing both God and man, 31;
not complex:: he was God, exhibiting
human hature, or man possesing a Divine
one. His own Divine attributes were in
abeyance„4hile by the Holy Ghost, the
actor through him, lie was filled with the
fullness of the Godhead.' Thus the Word
was made flesh;' Jehovah was Jesus."
Filiki Zollitoffer.—This Congressman_
General is becoming quite notorious. I 1
was but seventeen years of age in 15 . ..).9.
when, after two months' service settin.:
type, he took upon himself the management
e t a newspaper in Paris,. Tenn. In 183 i
he .- : edited and . published the Columbian
Observer. 1n , 1835-7 he was State Printer.
In 1842 he edited the Nashville Bann(
On three occasions, from '1843 to 1847, lb
was elected State Controller. In 1849 lie
was in- the 'State Senate. In 1850 he Iva
contractor for - . building the suspension
bridge at Nashville. In 1851-2 he again
edited the Bawler, since which time he has
been in Congress.
In. John J. Crittenden, in spite of hi•
advanced age, is the first private in tt-
Frankfort Horne Guard, and has declare:
his' intention to go into camp and reniaii
in service until every rebel is driven from
the soil of Kentucky.
The resolution of the Kentucky Legi'i
lature, giving the •cornn3and of the State
Guard to Thos. L. Critt&iden, a gallant
son of the old ex Senator, has completes; ;
broken up that organization, into whia
the traitor, -SiMon Bolivar: Buckner, an
G - overnor kagofftn, had infused the learLa
Ex - Gbyeruor•Wyckliffe, of Kentucky, Ex-
Postmaster-General, &c.i 'is loyal to the
heares:core, but has.a son in. the rebel ai
rily. 'That so❑ attempted to apply the
torch ; .to his , uwn father's 'house in Bard
town, but Gen. Andirson sent a regimen
to the rescue:, The Ex-Governor is a trip
ple, but spoke thus on a recent occasion. o f
the force of, which his ; - son was a proml
If I had another lea, and the jOY al
men of Bardstown would join me and stant :
by . Me to,
,the last, e4her our , bones sh ot; ! , .
moulder on the' spot now tainted by
rebel force near Bardstown, or every mitt , '
of them should ere .morning's dawn see'
a traitor's death."
The English journals are very ceinPli
mentary to ;'a young American artist, )ir .
'Kuntze, now residing in London, who 1L
just finielied - wfme Statue of America.
We are assured on good authority, Fr
the new-York Post, that no persa"'Y'
could induce Garibaldi to quit his rock
the' Mediterranean. laSt fall a
,guishe.d -English barrister and liberal ‘ l ':
that a sojourn in England on his part wig',
ea4Yrein, and suggested to the Gesel
rouse British quart - x . 3l6am and promote th,
interests of Italian freedom, at the StlW
time placing his establishment in Lowla
at .Garibaldi'S service. Last, Spring. k"' -
ever, the General wrote to him as foll° .
" AE! , 109,g ,as 'Venetia groans under EL
Austrian Ynice;'and,Eam e withers hene: .,
the, temporal power 'of.the Pop Ie my
is but . half accomplished, and remain 3 '
Capiera, ready for
Baler, it is said, eTETI'
mollf deposits theTaniount of his pay in t
treasurt, on. a-00510 ofthe- 7:30 notes%