Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, October 05, 1861, Image 1

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    .3. ALLISON
M'KINNEY & Co.
itors and Proprietors.
MS IN ADVANVE.
CRIPTIONS 0.40
•
!N EITHSEI 01 TUN etTiliS 200
ans, wo will send by, mall aerenty number
na,xa, thirty-three numbers.
1g us TWENTY aubecribera and upisarda, will
led to a paper without charge.
Id be prompt, a little before the year expired
by safe hands. or by mail.
ire to DAVID M'ILINNET & CO..
~ Pittsburgh, Pa.
For the Presbyterian Banner
Merton Presbytery.
,sbytery of Marion held its Fall
Marysville, Union County,
,ning Tuesday evening, Septem
'he meeting was unusually plea-
Limon ious.
E. Thompson was installed on
pastor of Marysville chureli,
In the following day be was in
;tor of the church 'Of Milford
c3ro. T. has entered favorably
Asarit and promising field of
al interest was manifested th the
)1 contributions to all, our Boards;
lbers all pledged themselves before
give all the members of their
and Sabbath Schools an opportu
contribute to the funds of each of
irds, at the time specified by the
Assembly.
following overture was; sent up to
pry
: "In what case would it be
with the Christian character and
(es, for the Presbyterian Church,
their official organs, to give their
of worship to be occupied for re
services by the Universalist denom
?" Answer : " This matter 'must
to the discretion of the Trustees and
of each church." _
Commissioners to the last General
)1y being absent, and failing to ren
port, it was not deemed prudent to
y action with reference to their vote
the Assembly's resolutions " on the
the country," (Dr..Spring's reso
) but Presbytery approved the As
's action, there being but three die
votes—two ministers and one elder.
SUPPLIES.
ian, New Winchester, 'Waynesburg
Blayney, one Sabbath in each place,
•etion.
m—Mr. McLane, one Sabbath, at
,usky—Mr. Haber, one Sabbath, at
on.
jury--Mr. Van Daman, one Sabbath,
Talon.
cola—Mr. Wolcott, one Sabbath, at
H. B. kaY •
Temporary` Clerk.
EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENCE ' .
!NEL, CONFERENCE—ITS ANTECEDENTS AND AT-
M:IS—PREPARATIONS AND WELCOME—.THE CHATEAU ,
:HE BARONESS Dir, •Suci•—MADAME DE SEUL, HIE
;R, AND HER SON—RATIONALIST OPPOSITION TO THE
NCE—TFIE FIRST SADDATH—THE OPENING CONFERENCE
SAIIDATII QUESTION Duipmaisis---THE SABBATH' AND
t 1 IN GENEVA—ENGLISH. MEETING—ENCOURAGEMENTS
lOLOGICAL SCHOOL AND 114 PROFESSORS—CONTINENTAL
LITT—ISRAEL PITIED, AND PRAYED FOR.
GENEVA, September:s, 1861.
GENERAL CONFERENCE of Evan-
Christians of all countries- , —for the
me at Geneva, but the fourth of sim
ttherings—is now meeting daily in
Cathedral' church. Truly, it is a
, fact in the history of religious life
•ogress. It vividly recalls the ha
led words of Calvin, writing to
. tr three centuries ago, when he said
, would " willingly cross ten seas" if
ild tend to effect a closer union of
'angelical and Reformed Churches.
not only reoallshis words, but in mess
;d representatively at least, it is the
lion, in his own adopted city, where
tched, taught, wrote and swayed the
of a more than kingly power—of
ha,. so evidently longed ,for. Two
tefore the Conference opened, five
' names of Christians from various
~ desiring to take part, were in
; ) on the eve of its opening, the
7 of flames was about one thousand.
mations were, made by .. „ the ,;Chris
of Geneva , indicating at. once, •wis
seal, and ratern / al affection. Chris-•
ipitality stood ready to. throw open
chambers', for 'the reception of the
and the sisters who might desire
The wealthy Christians in
and its suburbs responded at, once
invitation itf the local Committee,
ins their mansions have been filled
trnished with guests,'"who, even in a
.
7 ii
i land, and eaking imperfectly a
1 tongue, findhat they are at home,
at the baptis of the One Spirit,
entasonry of e true brotherhood,
Amon to all be avers.
course it was o f possible to accom
.e at private h see the number of
irs who were c ming, to a city com
'ely small. 11 teas ' And lodgings,
ire, are crowds These., establish
are admirably onducted, and the
from the window or some,of them—
ing the Beruese ps; as well,,as
blue rushing of th arrows ichone,”
,e placid waters of ake Lenion:mir
a sky of spotless re--are'indeed
icent. ,
your corresponden , however, WiS
i the privilege of s T
sting of the Confe i
chateau, beautiful i
• the lake, and pre 1
rz:nificeut mountain ra h
bin its historic associr 1
from Geneva, on t i
At stretches across i t
land to Berne, its c I :
of Coppet, on,, the b 1
On the heights abo
in a beautiful park
. (castle) whence J. disp t
Phis is one of the reside c
;e and the wealthy in
origitials, so to speak, (
. There is the large g, •
is open courts and quadr 1
us of flowers at one side i
which oonducts"you to t
All around is the•qual :
,g surmounted by the steep t
Stone stairs take you to tb , i,
-s. along which ripen a s * i
i, spacious and lofty, with i I
:s, a bed, chairs, and writin
centre, (a drawing-room an , :1
in one,) with the old open I
the burning of wood (in the ',*l
on the hearth of stone.
mistress of this castle.is Ma' a
•oness De Steel. She is hers:
Swiss family. Her husband,t
was the son of the celebrated w t
De Stael, and here, as a' y• i
.• first literary achievements ' t
This was the residence of her c e
father, M. Neckar, a banker if
who become the fintince.minis , r
[s XV., and whose name is idei -
ever with the period immediat , , ,
, t to the first French Revolutio
the original portraits of Necks
of Madame De Steel, his daughter
laron, her brother and the young 1
of my hostess, who lost his pro
and companionship thirty-three
, after one year's marriage. He
of the few Christian noblemen . of
Among the daughters of the kaut
, he could not find one who sympa
with his views and feelings. He
end found, in an old Swiss family,
the Christjan and the wife. But
ief period the Baron was snatched
only child by the marriage died'
ever since, his widow has cher
ctr wealth, her influence, and her
:siding one= half the , year, ,at
the other half at her chateau,
VOL. X. NO 3
the cause of Him whom 'sbe lovei. She
was the intimate friend •of the late - pious,
Duchess of .Orleans, and wee with her When i
she died, in London, about, two years ago.,
Opposition to the proposed. Conference
at Geneva, was'not "wanting, `and that from ,
two quarters. ' I hair° before and a number
of the pamphlets willpeti in attack and de-.
fence , have beep rubliskedeandmagerly•reed.
I have not time nor space to .analyse.them.
The opponents Are, first, the Arian and So-
einian members of the Genevese Ronsis
tory (Presbytery,) and secondly, thOse lew,i
who hold high Lutheran and Conservative
views, similar , to those,. of the. late Doctor
Stahl, of Berlin. As to • the. latter, his
death occurred about a month - ago, and as
Sir Culling Eardle.y, tells,me, his last pub
lie act was to deliver a Philippic against
the Alliance i as . associating itself with
Liberalism and the Revolution, and as
sympathising (as Sir Culling had subscrib
ed to the funds for Garibaldi's expeditions)
with the Italian onset on the Grand Dukes
and Austria. Prussian Puieyism found its
exponent in Dr. Stahl, although be was clear
er and more Scriptural in his doctrines than
the Oxford• Tractarians. But he and his
party attached a high degree of honor to
the Christian ministry, almost making it a
Priesthood, and sacramental grace was with
them a prominent artiele of faith. Hence
I read here a pamphlet which declares
that the Alliance meeting is not to be
countenanced, because its basis virtually
shuts out the Church of Rome, the Greek
Church and the Oriental Church, who all
hold the Cardinal verities of the faith,
even tbouirltniiire,d.with.error., It also re
iterates Stahl's deprecation of Sir Culling
Eardley i s approval of Garibaldi's move
ments.
The =status quo of despotism in Italy,
this party OU-religionists would preserve
under the extreme Conservatism, which is
horrified at change, and,. which makes es
tablished governments, AS qupti, lawful, and
therefore tO be preseried'add'not destroyed.
The chief opposition, however, at Gene
va, has been from the minority of the Con
sistor
y, who find their exponents in several
writers, who declaim, just as Dr. Mont
gomery and' the Arians, of Ulster used to
do when ,Dr. Cooke threw '.out the old blue
banner of' :Orthodoxy, against creeds and
confeisions, aga.inst " specidative" doctrines
such as the Trinity; anti:the Alliance is
thus charged with making itself exclu
sive. It is butu repetition ,of.the dishon
est plausibilities which abuse Abet sacred
word " Charity!' ,
These preliminary discussions have done
immense good' to the cause Of Evangelia'm.
Baffled and beaten back, Rationalism finds ,
itself growing weaker every; day, and the
presence of so many earnest men, who
rally around the old doctrines of Calvin
and the, Reformation, may assuredly be re
garded as the precursor of farther and
more extended ;triumphs , of the truth in
Geneva and all-over Switzerland.
The Sabbath, September ist, strictly
speaking, was not included period
assigned to the Conference. Nevertheless,
the first Lord's day of this month, will
ever be memorable, to those Christians who
had come to Geneva. For it was, indeed,
a practical commentary on the words. of
the old creed, " I believe in the Corrimun
iow of the saints." What a spectacle pre
sented itself. At the Church of 'the Om
toire for example was' an immense congre
gation, and the Lord's. Supper, after the
Presbyterian form was afterwards'celebrated.
" I never,', said one.who was present," seen
in all my life '
so many , communicants:""
These included a, late•body of young peo
ple who, for the first time, after long in
struction, confessed Christ: But besides
these were the best Christians-in Geneva, and
along : with them, Christians from Germany,'
France, England, and other countries.
You might have seen, at ,the table, seated
fraternally side by side, Episcopal clergy
men and ministers of Foreign or English
congregations, who abjure prelacy as such ;
and at the English Church, where I was,
not only was there the fervent union in
praise and in Liturgical prayer (as read
and led by a most godly, and excellent cler
gyman who in his sermon hailed with joy
the advent of the Conferenee,) but at the
Communion table were to be ,seen' Episco
palians, Presbyterians and.,othera, all ex
pressing their love to t a common- Lord and.
Redeemer. It was t indeed most refreshing,
and delightful. Ones! own native tongue,
made the vehicle of prayer, or preaching,
when in _
%Oa, doubly sweet;
and thus at the English Church all - hearts
were drawn together, and ..God was :assur
edly there. 4 •
In the evening, a united prayer-uteeting,
was held; Pastor Bare of Geneva, Vice
President of the Foreign Branch Of the
Alliance presiding. Prayers` were offered
by Swedish, German, English, and French
ministers. , Dr. Baird spoke briefly con
cerning America, and immediately after,
prayer was offered on its behalf. The sing
ing of the French hymns was beautiful.
The opening sessions of the Conference
Were held on Monday, when the Presi
dent, M. De Naville—an eminent lay
man of Geneva, and the leader of
;That may' be called' the Free Church'
party`-=delivered a powerful opening ad
dress. He ; was followed by , Sir Cul-1
ling Eardley, Doctor Baird, and the repre
sentatives and *legates of other branches
of the AllianCe.
In - the afternoon of the same day, Pro
fessor Gondet opened the proceedings, lin'
theold Cathedral, which had been granted
for the. Conference by the Cons tort' of the
National Church.) The the for this
meeting was, " The Lord's Day, and the
best means for promoting its sanctification.."
The , second speaker , was Pastor Conlin, of
Gen' a; the third, Doctor Andrew Thomp
son, -of Edinburgh,. the. fourth, Pasteur,
Panchand, of Brussels. - He gave a melan
choly account of the violation-of the Sab
bath in Belgium—the day being divided
between labor and pleasure. The last ,
speaker , -on this question was Pasteur De
mote, of Geneva, who lamented , that, in.
Geneva, 'Sabbath desecration was .increas
ing: I must say, however, that the open
violation -of the d'ay is not as great as I
have we it in London—especially as re:-
Sobriety
gards drunkenness:here is the
rule:: •
Eurning,.durtpg
rice, at a sub
its site over
nting beyond,
ge, aod more-
ions. About
line of Ail
le valleys of
vital; is the
tks of Lake
the village,
stands the,
oh this la
ces of the
\,
itzerland,
e seen in
iway, the,
gle, with
\near the
he Park
^uvular
ndsofty
various
\ I
"es of
lihhed
table
deep
)lll*-
`intdr
of
he
I.er,
Popery by immigration from the corm•
try, and because of the , demands of trade
and ma,nufactures— increases rapidly its
numbers and, influence in. Geneva, and yer
haps ere long will be able to claim a major
ity 'Of the population. Nevertheless, the
restoration of Calvin's doctrine to the Na
tionab pulpit and heart increases also—and
this, coupled with, the, manifestation of the
Holy Ghost and his life on the hearts of
thuyaring, and the blessed influence of a
Young Zien's Christian Association—gives
reasorrifor courage.
This also,is a place, where;pinisters , are
ftaiped aright for. evangelistic work. DII
- is still vigorous; so also are Gans
en and La, Harpe. The English Episco
aliens:lie:ire life among them, andthe Free
church and Independents aye blessed of
rd. - I ; was;pained this morning, on going
:o the new, Popish. Cathedral, to _see the
Aii?..ihe.4o;:wl , Priest, with his - back to
peofkle,, at, his mummery ,at the great
Women only, or mainly, were pres-,
Theis on a back bench, sits an ;Old
;errata', (precisely of thejrish Papist
'I. • NW IF
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PITTSPURGII, 'BATURPAY; ,
type,),dirty in person and garments busy
with his prayers and beads, and the very
emblem of Ignorance and debasemenL
Here wines a Swiss Mothcr, with her little
girl. 'The mother dips the tip Of her finger
into the holy Water, then wets'with it the:
front of the forehead of the child. The'
little, girl thereupon, simultaneously with
the, mother ,touches forehead , chin, and
each side of the breast with the wet fino•er.
crossing herself. The priests walk the
streets ~ i n long rolYes, just as they do in
Faris, !But religious liberty, .free pregs,
an open Bible and a living Gospel— T all en
oouraxed v by , yvan g elti, Conference—
iie`nicire-diari a match tor all their wiles..
The social condition of the masses was,
On the 3d 'instant, specially -before the
Conference. There were iwo Special meet
ings, the first at the Cathedral from - ,8 to
10 A. M.,,where the, orators were Professor
St. Hilaird and the 'Rev.John , Bost; tbe
secondlfrom .10 A. M. to 12:30 P. M., .at
the Oratoire, where Dr. Guthrie, 'Baptist
Noel,`and Dr. Davis, of the Tract Society,
were the speakers. The same evening, Dr.
Guthrie preached to a large audicnce.
Yepterday the condition of Continental
countries as to skepticism, and infidelity was
considered, in the morning, and the state
and daims of the Jews in the afternoon.
This day—being the National Fast—the
churches are open for public worship, and
the Conference stands adjourned till to-mor
row. But the English have meetings
themselves, and Mr. Hersehell, of London,
specially convened : "a meeting, at which
special addresses and prayers were made
and offered, in' connexion With the salva- 4
tion of the Jews. With one exception, all
those who
_prayed and spoke on this °ma-
Sion, were,Jews--converts to Christianity,
and missionaries for Jesus. The illustrious
Dr. .Cappadose "spoke with amazing, elo
quence. J.W.
The Celestial Body.
BY REV. JOBN S. C. ABBOTT.
Almost every doctrine of revelation is
confirmed by some remarkable analogy in
the system of Nature. The insect, after
lying entombed for weeks, perhaps for
months, its chrysalis rnansoleum, hears
some resurrection voice which calls it from
its burial: It bursts`its cerements, and ex-
pending its beanteous wings, painted with
every rainbow- -hue launches. into the air,
rejoicing in the
_sunbeams, and sipping
nectar from every flower. This emerging
of the 'butterlly from the temporary grave
of the worm,'as
" flies, arlswims, a fiowerin liquid air."
seems to be 'the ilhiStration, the scenic ex
hibition which Nature gives of the doc
trine .of ,the final resurrection. Paul at,
,
tempts to give some faint .coneeption of
that " celestial body ",we are to receive, at
o.
the resurreetion,„by comparing t it with the
graceful, fruitful stalk which-rises from the
burial of the kernel of grain. The dry
and shriVeled. -grain is the,germ from
whence ,the beautiful blade emerges. Thus
does , Paul present the whole vegetable
world, the uprising of the plant or tree
from the buried 'seed', as illustrative of the
resurrection of the body from the grave.
The majestic oak, monarch of the fields,
whose branches are the harp-strings pn
which the tempest, plays its a,nthems,ris
but the resurrection of, the buried acorn.
The apple-tree, in - its 'June morning blot*
"most gorgeous Of earth's bouquets, wlioie
liagranee fills:sthe 'tar, and in- the warm
bosom of whose flowers ten thousand bees
murmur their joy, is but the resurrection
of 'a dull,. dead seed.
Parnell, in his beautiful poem, "The
Ifeimit," endeavors to describe the imagined
. oltange of a•mortal to an angel :
" His youthful face grew more serenely sweet;
His robe turned white, and flowedabout his feet.
Fair rounds of, radiant points invest.his hair;
edestial odors breathe through purpled air';
Aad wings, whose colors glittered in the• , day.
Wide, at. his back, their gradual plumes display,
But silence fiere the beauteous angel broke;
The•vOice of. music Tavished as he spoke."
This poetical concepti6n, beautiful' as it
is, but feebly delineates ,the reality of that
joyful chance to 'take place when this cor
ruptible shall put on incorruption, and this
Mortal shall pilfoii immortality. The same
body that is buried is to be raised, but in a
condition very different from that in which
it formerly existed. How great the con-'
trast between the kernel of wheat which is
'sown.', mid the beautitul stalk, waving in
golden ripeness in the. Autumnal 'breeze!
The seed of -an elm is wafted by the wind
into the meadow. It germinates and, rises
from its, burial. Half a century passes
away, and them stands the lordly, trek
proud monarch of the fields. Noble oxen,
broivse beneath its Shade, and birds of. Va
ried song and plumage rear their young
and warble their anthems within its wide
spreading branches.. ,
Let their corporeal elements which com
pose these mortal bodies he dispersed as
widely as they rnay, and-let them enter into
any other combinations which -God May
choose, where is the philosopher -so auda
don* as to assert that these, elements, by
their dispersion, lose their vitality, and can
not, by the power of God, be re-collected
and re-combined! Let the imagination'ex
haust= itself in the contemplation of the
dispersion of these corporeal • atoms, still
nothing can he Wore easy than for the Di
vine wisdom and:power to protect every par
ticle and're-unite them in a resurrection
body, incorruptible, powerful, and glorious.
And he who.fornied these bodies from the
dust of ,the eartltwith bone and sinew, and
agile limb, and 'glowing blood, and throb
bing, heart; and sparkling , eye, can surely,
tram these bodies, censtruct'others, in any
'degree of perfection and grandeur, refined
'from' every ingredient . nf grossness--and
He who , 'has seen the . cradle, of the . but
terfly in the tomb of 64,W:et:pillar, who
'has thus be.held. emerging from the grave'of
the •worni, 'the • most beautiful of insects,
combining, in its delicate yet gorgeous
loveliness, the meat exquisite tints,of the
lily and the rose, he who has seen and ad
mired, this fair creation, and remembers
that it is but the , resurrection of one of the
most loathsome of insects, will be slow to
deny that from these bodies there may
emerge from the tomb the form of an arch
angel, 'winged for an eternal flight'; and
adorned with grace, and beauty, and gran
deur., •which shall- B,dd . titer:lotions even to
that world where &ambito fly, and seraphim
sing. • -
.‘ Yet wert thou once a woria, a thing that crept.
On the bare earth, then wrought a tomb and'ale;fit.
And such is man; soon from his cell of clay
To •burst, a'seraph in the blaze of day." . .
it'is Worthy'of liote , that the angels-who
have'occaSionallyippeared upon earth-have
always-appeared in,the perfection Ofliumarr
forms. With a resurrection body' thus
f
fashioned, our Saviour 13cended. There is
no corideivable form . 1 , beltittrwhich sur
paises: that of then man frame. This
renders it not improbable that the present
organiiire, in its general litieamentsi maybe
reviVed !beyond thez,brave. Butlthe restir
re.ction''body, though retaining the Trak:ht.
'order of , structure, may as far'-surpass , ' , the
Medician Wens or the Itytliian-Apollo, as
those world-renowned' statuei - excel' - the
'moat; dwarfed :and revolted lormsrto be
4'9 1 0 , 0 ,i l 4Atbet 1 9,YP 1 1. 3 , (4*
.Hottentots;. ( 1 . ES'
-quimaux
It is also worthy , of remark that there
may be a very strong resemblance between
two Tereons, one s of whom may -he- very
beautiful, and =the' other may 'posiess fem..
tures coarse and repulsive. Thui-it is' not
improbable that; in the -future world, we
shill see beaming from the countedinee - of
angels radiant with celestial beafityrthe
lineaments of loved ones on earth, -Who
have left impressions upon the letir't ntiter
to be effaced. The 'an g el - mother shall
there smile again upon lar 'child With die
same smile, but now celestialized, :with
which she enkindled the bye of her babe
when -in its cradle. In 'correspondence
with these views, Dr.; Dwight says: -
'" It is, think, -sufficiently evident that
inankind' wi 11 , kn ow each other in the fliture
world, and that their bodies willbe so far
the same as to become-the menus ot this
knowledge."-I-L:Covregationalist.
(Selected.]
jubilate Om, .. •
My heart mounts up in song to thee,
For thy greatdove2,atd onra of ~me';
Nor tie alone, but - ill that
Thine equal love, threommonilare.
need, I ask, no gift, no grace,
.Nol freely tihared'hy , all,my , rneet
My heart mounts up in song Co Tiieii;
For all . thy( ceaseless love' to itte.
Thanks foithe dear delights o sense,,
For higher thoughts, that calve thence,
~
For every power that moves e, mind—
Attraction to the good and Obi.
Repulsion from the bad and 'Weld ;
The impress, of the grand.and,Told.,l
Idy.heart mpunts . up Beng t -to Thee,
For all these gifts of love to me.
`The world is fair, and life:is Vest
Alike in labor and in rest ;
And each harsh tone of care and pain
`Prompts and inspires some nobler strain.
Law grows to Love, in thine employ,
And Duty ripens into Joy .
My heart mounts up in song t t e.Thee,
For all thy,wondrous love to me.
Life's daily lesson learned, itataik '
Complete, what better Can Task? .
The future, I amsure,'iniist prove
Bright, as to-day with tiiy dear ;
And still, if 'here, or farther
Rejoicing in each dul) dene„
My heart shall mount ln'songto Thee,
Unceasing as thy love to me.
Social Value of the , Chureh.
Tkongl religion coneeinS . itselfpriMarily
with man's individual rplation, to Grcid, it is
intended to affect himlin all relations.
As man is a social being, provision has
been made for 'a social development .of
For this end the 'aural was insti
tuted. ,Christians are united together in a
household of faith; in order that each one
may concern hiinaelf, not With 'big own
spiritual advanceinent alone, but with the
welfare of his fellow,ntembers. And the
representations of Scripture uniformly im
ply, that this is something to be (tone by
all in their personal capacity, not merely
by their procurement.. It is not; enough
that A shall minister to the edification of
B, by doing his shire for the suPport of a
pastor, to look after the welfare of both.
The Apostolic exhortation is, " Look not
every man on his own ,things, but every
Man dish on-the thin of others:"
But this can never be done fully, accord
ing to the evident sense of Scriptural teach
ing, through those official and formal Met
hods, to which too many in our churehes
restrict their manifestations 'of fellowihip.
General exhortations and conferences, in
liteetings appointed for the purpose,. are
very well. They have their use and value.
But the pledge of brotherly love, surely, is
not fUlfilled in these ways. Relief is Very
properly extended to the poor of a church
by the agency of its deacons. But those
poor ought to be something more than pen
sioners on the church treasury. Their broth
ers and sisters in Christ have:duties to them
which cannot be done by deputy. All the
members : of the body are intimately related,
so that every one is necessary to every other
one. All attempts to do good, whether 'to
men's souls or bodies, will be truly benefi
cial in proportion as they express , geniiine
love for them, and . a hearty interest their
welfare. Let it be seen, or,even suspected,
that you are conferrini; a benefit merely as
a duty, and youi labbrisr 'thrown away.
Benefteence at arms'flerith, , Or at the length
of a pair of tongs, is unprondsing.
A defective sense of the social value of
the Church tends to narrow its efficiency
for good in every direction. It was foinided
`as a society, in order that its'inembers
might; promote• each other's growth, and..
'also their several usefulness. to them that
are without. But if its, social
,function is
neglected or repressed; if it exists mainly
on parier, or in certain routine aeknOWledg
mutts; the Church becomeSpractiaallY non
existent. - Union with it is mainly.assum
ing a certain relationship tn the minister—.
to be preached to, and to be visited by him,
and to receiveilie - ordinanges which ne ad
nainisters. Indeed', we have sometimes'
asked ourselves what practical difference
there is between an Independent and a
Presbyterian or an Episcopal ChnrCh, in
respect to the manner If . life it promotes.
We can see that the theory of mutual dove
nant is strikingly different - from' that'• of
admissiOn' to .sealing ordinances," by-mere
clerical and official authority. ,13ut , when
we inquire what practical differenee the the
ory makes in the development of Social re
ligious life, it-is not always.eisy ta disc:l)V
-er it. -
A more complete recognition and, devel r
opulent of .social religien—or rether, , of
religious .society—is to be desired .fth the
sake of `society at large, hi order that the '
religinn of Christ inay do it is adaPted
to do .for human welfare: The sin, from
which. it is the work, of Christ , to , ,redeem
us, has depraved not only the individual
man, but society. The spirit and the usa
ges of society are vitiated by depraVity, and
tend reciprocally to corrupt all its members.
The purest , community on earth falls far
short of the perfection it is capable ofreach
ing. The aim• of the Gospel will not be
aceomplished, until • a social as well as an
individual regeneration has been, experi
enced.. For this consummation the earth
'still , waits. A church of Christ is organ
ized. to be the inbdel and' the nucleus of
such' a holy commonwealth,• and itsimeinbers
.should habitually keep in view, their-;high
calling, in all the comprehensiveness of its
purpose. ,
And as the Chufch is deSignetrto exeni
plxfy"the beauty Of a regeiiiiia tea
, earthly , state, so - is it a ;preparation= for
, heaven. Heaven is icperfect society.: .iEv
.
(try, thing that.causes pain, grief, pr. fear, Is
excluded. We cannot conceive of : one of
its inhabitants treating another with
loot or indifference: Perfect hive; the Most
disinterested , regard for each other-'s bappi
ness, isq. essential to the -idea of heaven.
,But t we are direpted to pray-for, the coming
Kingdom, God's kingdo, and for the ;king of his
. p
will:en' earth is it is donein heaven. di&
we offer that'prayer with complete snieerity
it; we are not doing what we can `tor realize
.now ,the same: social blessings, , f ,tycrhere
'else .can,we hope to be more neeessfal, than
thatearthly seeiety . ato which airezkliith
..T...
BEE
OCT OBER 5, 1861.
ered the'heirs of heaven'?'And how ,cati
we be'fitted for that holy plae,e, so long BB'
we 7 neglectto`cultivate qualities absolutely
essential to the perfection and joy of its in
habitants ? The Examitier.
The Sinn, Sealing, Ills Own Fate.
It is a well-M . om law of the human
constihttion, that' practical habits
grow Stronger by reiieated acts, passive im
pressions. by the '•addie process, are weak
ened. Thug;`' the' sight of suffering is, at
at first, exceedingly painful, and this sym
pathetic pain prompts us to exert, ourselves
in order to relieve the sufferer. Now we
find, in: proportion as the . 'habits of acting
in obedience' to our impressions become
fixed; -the impressions themselves become
fainter and fainter. Hence physicians and
nurse's will do a• great• deal more for \ the.,
sick than 'surrounding friends, although
they may norfeet for them .half so much.
Now; in 'anew these' impressions to be re
peated, and thus gradindlY weakened, with
out acquiring` the 'practical habits which.
they were meant to produce, Is fatal to the
charaCter: It is, aeandther has well ex
pressed it, to " hint 'Up 'the kindling with
eut starting 4 the fire:" This explains' the
eatre-geing and Wovel-•
reading, where 'passive impressions are re
peatedlyawakened by imaginary scene's of
distre's's, but no opportunity is afforded to
act as'these impressions would dictate.. In
this 'we haie a satisfactory explanation of
the phetioinenon so'puzzling to philanthro
pists; that 'delicate and refined men
and women will fare sumptuously every
clay, - eating " whatever is good," and re
cline nightly upon douches of down, while
entirely ittidiattirlied' by a knowledg,e of tie
fact that many pale fortis, weary - and hun
gry, are fainting, almost at, their 'Very doors.
They have lost the susceptibility of receiv
ing,tmpiessions from the sight of suffering,
without hiving acquired the habit of prac
tiear benevolence. '
The same law prevails with reference to
religious impressions . Theoftener these
are 'repeated,'tbe oftener . the sinner feels
'moved" to act,' in'Vitvi either of the love, or
justtce of God; and allows these impres-
Sions to'PaSs aiVay without acting in accord
ance with them, the j ieSs and less becomes
the Probabilitythetle. will ever do so. On
each repetition the impression becomes
fainter, and the indisposition' to act
Strender. The glorious`Gospel of Jesus
:Christ thus becomes to thousands in whose
[earing it is proclaimed, a savor of death
unto - death. It is possible to wear out
these impressions, so that there shall be
nothing left in the for God's 'Spirit
to act upon,ineiAtii this is once effectedl,
of course, the case" of the impenitent soul
becomes' bope,less.' Sinner, rouse from this
sleep. You have Often' felt these impres
sions, and as 'often' have refused to act in
obedience' to theiu. You know from expe
rience that•they are daily growing weaker
—take heed lest they disappear and' leave
you confirmed - in your sins.
The Rev. Dr. Baker once related in con
versation the following incident of his
ministerial life :
Whilst living at Germantown thirty odd
years ago, I was to have preached one Sab
bath morning, at Barren Hill, seven or
eight iniles•distant 'On diwitkening'in the
morning, the rain was descending in tor
rents' and the wind blowing a perfect . hur
ricane. I debated with myself, whether I
ought to go. I concluded to go. Having
taken breakfastand •ordered my horse and
gig., I started for Barren -.Hill. But lo !
had not probeeded'more than a quarter or a
tulle, when, 'in spite of the leather top .and
apron I was drenched to the skin. Cros
sing the hill-sides, the storm threatened to
overturn my vehicle, and my poor- horse
trembled. Still I Went forward. By the
time of my arrival at the church, there
was not a dry thread upon me:gild:l could
not have been more saturated with water
had I been dipped in the Delaware. And
now, on any arrival, how many people do
you suppose I found at the Church?
We began with the Abrahamic number,
"Fifty." •
" Entirely too'high," exclaimed'the Doc
tor.
'"Forty-five '
was the next conjecture,
which' elicited the same response.
" Forty," was the next number stated,
with the seine result.
" Thirty," said' we next, still keeping in
view father Abraham's descending scale,
but still the . Doctor said, "Too high: too
high'!,,
"Twenty," was next given as the proba
ble number, and then•" ten," when we gave
it,
I will tell yen," said the Doctor; at
length, in his own emphatic way, " how
'many people came through that, -storm, to
hear 'me preach - not one, sir !'Nom ONE!
NOT ONE! Even the sexton hiniself, who
Hied immediately opposite, bad not, 'yen
tired to cross the street."
Ands how did you feel, Doctor," asked
we; on finding that, your self-sacrificing
labors had met with such a poor return?":
Never linpider and more contented in
my life;" was the noble reply, " for I. felt
that if all the world that day had neglect
ed their duty,' I had not neglected mine."
When the tide is out, you may have no-.
ticed;* as you rambled among the rocks,
little pools with little, fishes in them. To
the shrimp, in such'a pool, his - foot depth
Of salt'water is all the ocean for the time
being. He has no dealings with his'neigh
bor shrimp in the adjacent pool, though it
'mai , he only a - few itiChet" of sand that di
vides them,`; but when the rising ocean
begins to lip over therrnargin of the lurk
ing-place,, one pool joins another, air va
rious tenants meet; arid-ky-and-bY, in place
of their little patch of standing' water,
they 'have the ocean's boundless fields to
roam in. When•the tide is out- 2 when re
ligion is low—the faithful' are to be found
'insulated, here a few and there a few, in
the little standing pools that stud the
beach, having no dealings with their neigh
bors of the adjoining pools ; calling them
'Samaritans, and fancyin c that their own
little communion includes all that are
precious in God's sight. TheY forget, for
a time, that there is a vast and expansive
ocean rising-every ripple brings it nearer
—a mightier communion, even the Coin
'inuition of saints, 'Which is to engplPh all
minor conA.derations, and to enable' the
fishes of pools-41M Christians of - all
'denominationa; to come together. ' When;
'like ''a` `'flood",, the Spirit'flows into the
Churehes; Chirich will joirt.to church; and
- saint \ Will fain .to saint, and all will rejoibe
to find that if their little pools have per
ie not by the scorching Summer's
'drought, nor the casting it of eartlilyirub
'blab., but by the influx of that boundless
•sea Whose , glad waters touch eternity,
and in :whose' ample depths the ` saints
in heaven'ae well as the sainticn tile`ea' rth
have' room ' enough to `range. "IlapPy
Church l' firthest 'down upon the strand I
nearest the rising . ecean'a edge! wrose'see 7
tarianiain shall be'Swept away in this
love n and' joy *heed, inorl4
munibtfshall rst 'break IniftiAnia tha t
k.
4, Rainy Sunday.
The Cominunion of the Saints..
WHOLE NO. 411
purest and holiest, and yet most compre
hensive Of all communions—the communTon
of the Holy Ghost L Would to God that
Church were mine.—Dr. Hamilton,
LITERARY 'ITEMS.
ASTRONOMY OF THE ANCIENTS.—Sir
George Cornewell Lewis has in the press
"A. Historical Survey of the Astronomy of
the Ancients," which will be published by
Parker, Son ,& Bourn.
NEW EDITION. OF BACON. Messrs.
Longman & Co., every one will be glad to
see, have been' called upon for 'a reissue of
the seven volumes already published of Mr.
Sperlding's admirable edition of Bacon.
BOOKS. --The. establishment of universi
ties in the twelfth century greatly stimu
lated the manufacture of : books by trans
cription, more particularly those classics and
philosophical treatises that were required by
students in the cellegei. The anxiety of the
authorities in: those Schools AA' learning
to insure accuracy to the text-books, as well
as to prevent the Also of books of an im
proper kind, led to the establishment of
censorc4hips and privileges which interfered
with the preparation of; and traffic in books
ling - after•the.invention of printing. TJn-
fortunately, while , this artwas superseding
tue ancient, process .of transcription ; the
convulsions consequent on the Reformation
cattied an enormous destruction of 'books,
In England the libraries of monasteries,
.representing the ,labor-of a thousand-years,.
were mercilessly destroyed, on • the spot; or
carried off and consumed in base purposes,
without a thought as to 'their value. In
Scotland the monastic libiaries, which had
escaped the ravages of ,Danish and other
invaders, were similarly, destroyed. The
same fate overtook the ancient monastic
libraries of France at the Revolution. In
consequence of these deplorable events, as
well as the perighableness of books, copies
of works prior to the invention of printing
I exist only as rare and valuable curiosities'
Elien of the early printed books there are
comparatively few copies extant. In' Eng
land books of improved typography. and
bindipg, adapted for ordinary libraries, date
no further back than the reign of Queen
Anne. In proportion as literature has been
popularized, books have diminished in bulk
and costliness. In the sixteenth and sev
enteenth centuries the ordinary sizes of
books were folio and quarto ; and as works
of these huge dimensions embraced light
as well as much pondrous literature, a pop
ular poet uses no metaphor when =he ob
serve that ladies " read the books they could
not lift" The dignified quarto survived'in
imaginative literature even till our • own
times; for it was in this costly form that
the early editions
.of, the poetry of Scott,
Byron, and others' inade its appearance.
Excepting for special purposes, all such
large sizes are happily superseded by octa
ves and still 'lesser sized books. Forms
and prices are no longer for the few, but
for " the million." And copies of the
Bible, instead of being chained to the
shelves and desks, and beina valued at
hundreds 'off pounds, are now scattered in
myriads at the easy charge of a shilling.
ART OF FAintroATING,WoRs.—By the
Romans, after the Augustan. age; the art of
fabricating books reached a degree' °Ppm&
ciency, along with, the advancement in= lit
erature. The papyrus was carefully pre
pared; one side was reserved for the writing,
and the other was colored with saffron or
cedar oil. The writing was effected by a
pen made of reed, (caiamas,) of which the
best kinds were supposed to : be found in
Egypt. The ink (atramentwm) was z very
durable. In several rolls found at lle.rcula
neum, the Roman ink, after being interred
many centuries, is still iu good preserva
tion. When a Roman author. wished
give his book to the world, a copy was, put
into the hands of transcribers, (tibrarii,)
by whom a certain number of copies were
produced. From these transcribers, who
were equivalent to' our modern printers, the
copies passed to a class of artists, (librari
-44) who ornamented them with fanciful
titles marains and terminations. The rolls
were finished for use by the bibliopegi, or
bookbinders; and last of all, they were of
fered for sale by the bibliopolw, or booksel
lera. A copy of, one of the esteemed pro
ductions of a Roman author, as, for exam,
ple, a copy of Virgil or Horace, was an
elegantly done-up roll, about thirteen inches
in depth, wound rouad:a cylinder, the two
ends, of which were decorated with ivory or
metal knobs. Yet the Romans did not in
variably make their books in rolls; in some
instances they used, leaves of lead, which
had been beaten Ain with a hammer, and
also leaves of wood covered -:with: wax.;
these loosely connected at the back .with
rings, may be viewed as the rude originals
of the modern book. At Herculaneum,
books of this kind, called tablets, have,been
discovered itiperfect preservation.
Bow OlUaro You
The following is the last anecdote we
have'seen told of Dr. Emmons
There was a physician in the neighbor
hood of Franklin, where Dr. Emmons
preached for seventy-one, years, who was
grupting the minds of Men by his;Pan
theism. The physipian being called to a
sick family in the Franklin parish, met
the Franklin minister at the house, of af
fliction. It Was no place for a dispute.
'lt was no place fOr any unbecoming famili
arity with the minister. It was lip place
for a physician to inquire into the age
of the minister, especially with any intent
of entangling him in. a debate, and, above
'all, where the querist was too visionary for
logical
,discussion. But the abrupt
que'ition - of the pantheist was, " "Mr. Em
rabid, how old are you
"'Sixty, sir; and how old are you?"
came the quick reply.
" As 'old' 'as the creation, sir," was, the
triumphant response. ,
"Then you are of the same age with
Adam . and Eve?"'
' Certainly ;' I was in the garden when
they were!' ,
" I have always heard that there was a
third person in the garden with them, but
I never'kfie r before that it wan you"
The pantheist did not folion , Up the dis
cussion:,
The, Grace of Silence. ,
Some invalids, find' their chief conso
lation in relating to otbers a doleful histo- ,
ry of their sufferings; irbeir friends are
daily invited to this Ainwelcome banquet,
~a nd ,'grow weary •or the oft-told tale,'aind
lOse sympath3r , eyen. for the snfferet. MAN ,
much nobler and moruChristian is .Silence
,regard to our ownlsufferings, hs exolu
-
plifidd in , the following sketch . , by'Dr. Ar
nold, of bis sister, who for' twenty years
,suffered from a - painful 'disease <of the
" rij inust•conclude - with ar-more delight
fful tsubject---iny'inost dear., end-blessed sis
t,er. • 'Limiter saw as more. , perfeet.iioStan'ee
of the spirit,•of liewter, hive, and of a
soundmindl •intenselove ebripst to - th'e An
nihilation of selfishness-=--a daily martyr
dom foritwehty year's; duringiiibich she ad
-hered heriearly‘formed'resolution of nev
er talking abouilietselfi thoii!ghtful - abbut
the very pins and ribbpq. 9f,smy,
3 - PR
Publication Office:
N F
eittiim:iiiriiiiiirtitirtiT. - 7, A. ,
PrithilixtPtic,4 souni-wEsT s cos. or 7.111 AND l'
l' :t! 4'. 7kiifirl
i• . ; , t ' , YADVER: ti . , '''. -' • 2. ;
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`lige`~ad
A REDUCTION made to advertisers by the irair.
11,110INEWNOVIIIES of Tramlines omieentlfkralit rd.
ditlonal 11rae,1.0 crante. ,.,.. ,, ,
1111*iD:Viiiiiiii-REit 4401 t .."..
• -., , • - .Praormarozm AN' P .
dress, about the, making. of .'a doll's cap,fbr
a child'-i--but of herself, save only awle
garded her ripening to all.goodness, , wholly
thoughtless' ' enjoying everythiog
graceful, beautiful, highminded, whether
in God's work or mares i with, the keenest
relish; inheriting , the earth ,to' the., fullne'es
of the promise, though never leaving her
crib, nor changing- her posture; and pre
served,' tiittwei ~ t hejf.:44:4lley. of the
shadow. of death, froth all fear orrimpa
tience, or ft:am-every cloud
. of impaired
reason, which might mar' the beanti, of
Christ's Spirit's glorious work. May
grant that. I might‘eonie within one hun
dred degrees of her place•in glorY!'-
Everlisting "Punishment'
The different!Vievis conceriung the
,fu
turp State held by the Christian Church,
may be thus classift4 arranging them, et.
banstively, under .eight divisions:
I. The Roman Catholic Church makes
three conditions hereafter, namely:
I. Everlastirg joy.
2. Everlasting suffering: '
3. Temporary,sorrowin; purgatory..
11. The Orthodox Protestant Church
makes two conditiors hereafter namely
I. Infinite and eternal joy.
2. Infinite and eteitial suffering.
'III. The old-school ,ITniversalists - make
.one conetition.hereafter, namely. :
1. Eternal joy: „.
New "school ITniversalists and Re-
Sforationists make two conditions hdreitf
.•ter, `namely: 4
I. Eternal joy.
2. TemporpTana finite suffering.
V. Unitarians make an indefinite num
' ber. of. conditions hereafter, *ltenordint to
the various characters and moral StatuSibf
men.
VI. The. Swedenborgians make -an, in
definite but limited number of heavens. and
hells. suited to the varieties of character,
but having a supernatural origin.
VII.- The- Spiritualists -make-the other
world likes this world, with, no -essential
differences making it a anitinua.tion,of the
natural' life: '
VIII. The Annibila l tionilts believe the
finally impenitent. Will. perish _wholly, arid
come to nothing.Y ' f;
At first sight this looks-like a; very for
midable array of varying , opinions, and
might lead . to 'the'-'cOnclusiori that,there is
really a wide divergence of Christian-sen
timent sn a point so interesting and so im
portant. But this is far from. being the case.
It will 'Be - observdil the reader, that
the view which) holds the final state 'of
•
men. to he one of everlasting rjoy ,'or ever
lasting suffering, is that which: has alWays
been, held by,,the great body of professed
Christians,, which is found incorporated in
the Standards' of every historical Chnich,
and-which is now held- by `nine teritlia of all
those, in every land,:who 'hear the Chris
tian name. Can it be that IthellolySpitit,
who was to guide, Christ's people into all
truth, has suffered almost the whole Church
to be in' error on this point, from Ilieapos
tolic days down to our own?— tian
,
The Raile-up quarrel.
Two men, members of the same church,
quarrelledabouttheir minister; one thought
he ought to goi the other advised hint to stay;
and though most of the parish took part in
these differences of opinion, the tongues of
these two menperhaps„.were the sharpest.
The minister left ;, but.his going ~did not
heal thebreaeh. The two farmers' never
spoke to each other. Ii the high-waythey
were strangers; - in the sanctuary, at the
prayer-meeting, round the table of the Lord,
they were strangers still; nor could friends
effect a.reconciliation. Some time after, a
political Convention was held at the capital.
These two with ethers were appointed dele
gates. They went, and were sent to par
take, of the hospitalities,of the same house.
They sat at the same table, strangers still.
At night they were directed to the same
chamber, and met to occupy the same bed.
They were Ohriatian men, anti were in the
habit of both family , and closet prayer.
Could, they kneel downand pray, strangers
yet? Could the unforgiving spirit crave
forgiveness? And would the Father of
mercy grant petitions 'offered so ? Had not
their Lord.plainly said to each of them,
If thou bring thy gift to the altar, and
there ren:temberest that thy brother has
aught against thee, leave there thy gift be
fore the altar and ; go thy way; first be re
- cottoned to thy brOther, and then come and
offer thy gift ? " Back felt 'the searching
language. It seemed to confront them like
letters of fire. They looked each other in
the face, drew near, clasped hands, tears of
penitence were on theirlim-burned cheeks,
and words of forgiveness .on .their lips.
Side-by-side they knelt and prayed, and
their heart,s flowed ? out in contrition and
love. They rege,'= brothers in Christ,
strangers never more. , .
The, church, .9., few weeks later f
their penitent confeasions, and ,it p - 1 4141
henceforth, their ',Christian fell,. p , ip.
Grace may sometimes smoulder in `,t ; lie%eaft;
hitrif it is really there, it will kiiidle afid
flame,_ and show itself a spark.. of that true
Life which is the " Lightuf the world."
, , ,
Wing,
The cedar is most useful, when dead.. It
is the meat productive when its plate
knoiVs it`no More. There'll no timber like
it. Firm in grain,. , amd - capable of the
finest Polish. the .tooth: - of no insect will
touch it, and
. Tinm . himself can hardly
destroy it. Ditusinga,perpetual fragrance
thrmigh the .ehanihers Which .it ceils,„ the
worm will not'Corrode . the book which it
protects, ,nor therif.otiv corrupt the garment
,which,it.gnardsf, T allbutimmortal,itselffit
transfuses its amaranthine qualities to the
objects around . '
Every Christitufia . nseftillilliie life'; but
the goodly✓ cedaraNaretlie-most-useful after
'Dither is . ' dead, but the germination.
• Calvin is dead, hilt his 'Vindication
~of free and sovereign `;graoe will
never .(die. Knox, end Bender
son are deadjont. Seotland still retains ~a
Sabbath ' and Christianpessatitry,Bible
in every h'o'use, and school in every - parish.
BUD.YELia dead, but.-bis vrigliti epirit
still earth in! his Y" Pilgrim's
Vrogreas.". aster .is dead v bx4 ; sonts are
. quickene v., the est.,
Ohwper dead, 'hut, *he golden .apples"
-'are fresh " .treiiirgathcred
in ' the ‘.‘ssilvet - .basket "`• Onley
Hymns .r - -
Elliott. is„dead, but the,iiiissionaryetit,er
• d
prile is , enpy ,
Cali; count"` the l aPoStolie spirtta,
,?irlib;(lpbtertix=WiSe; f liviViittatedWriiiilfis
-funeral pile3a ; c
Any/40 56.40 S
is 'nnikegniNgneitig.43 career_ k its a :?e
dead, tliergibbath , go qt.:
W/lberfor 4 e deid; but .c theriegre fold
for ages • -Intteeted , in liigiiiieintßev.
Irani/tom-
G,91311„. AmoNs.-T-, Whey we. hare iptitue
tteed,gpod actiopsavihils;t4ey,hipmw Roy;
at al *hen they are eats „we keig,P449 itrtit
%plea -
Buie in, &Olt; 'dud' ,vogse,
Ats;aw4;dol ,- thi.ifica tivekdedtly;.l by fro-
Aupuey •oftrLiedr,rtheyygrifwinto 01144.
Tillotson. . . 9w -4s
MEE