Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, December 29, 1860, Image 1
D. .WIC[NNEY J. ALLISON S. LITTLE• DAVID IVI'l-CINNEY& CO., Editors and Proprietors. TERMS IN ADVANCE. SisoLo S i uuscannuoms SOO IN CLUBS 1.25 iiF.l.lYstm /X EIMER OP TOO CITIES 2:00 , Fur Two Liounits, WO will nand by mail twenty nunt'tere and fur Oio Dottatt, thirty-01mo motion, I.Ptsturs eendink us TwexTr eubsorlbers Rout npwardes•wlll, I.IJ ihoruby untitled ton paper Without diarist'. Bonne%le ehualll'bu prompt, u L ttle before the'yearexplmi Bond paymunte by Rife hands, or by mall. Direct all lettere to DAVID (N 4 Pitabbnrglx, Nor tit; Nroobiterlan Banner A Common Mistake. MY DEAR FRIEND 11--- - ---:—Your ques tion I will first answer ;.::and then give you my reasons. I say then, emphatically and without hesitation, No; do not by any means, think of absenting yourself from the communion .of the Church, for the cause that you.mention. The wrong-doing of a fellow-member is not a sufficient rea son why you should fail in your duty, or forgo your ; ;privileges. If he has done wrong to, you, that is no ground for your doing, wrong to yourself and' to the cause of Christ, as you certainly would, if you should-iefuse to sit doWn at the commun ion table, and to do whatthe . Saviour com manded you to do in remembrance of him. - Btit you do, not know that the brother has down i.he wrong. It may be that he is quite unconsoious oven of your suspicions against him. And, perhaps, if he has done the wrong which you , allege, he would be prompt to make every suitable acknowl edgment and reparation, on your kindly representing to him your feelings of the injury he has done you., The whole diffi culty may be removed, by just following the Saviour's direction, recorded in Matt. xviii. ',fear that the wisdom and kind ness of that process . for healing difficulties, is not deeply appreciated by the Saviour's disciples : "If thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and, tell him his fault, be tween thee and him alone." Perhaps he did not do it; perhaps he did not intend to do it; perhays he is More sorry for it than yen are—just go to him and talk the thingnver in a Christian, brotherly, way; and if that do not settle the matter, the Saviour's farthbr directions are for your guidance. I am aware that the course which you have thought of persuing is very common, but it is none the more wise or becoming on that account. It is one of the strange obliquities of human temper—punishing ono r,ielf for. the fault of another. It is:like the angry child throwing himself down, and beating his head upon the floor, because some one has-offended-him. It is a sort of church discipline, not laid down in the Bible, and would subvert, all government and 41 1 , r. Why should you excommuni cate. self because you think some mem ber.A ie Church bas injured you ? I beg you, dear H—, to look more. closely into your own bosom, about this matter. Is there not as much activity of passion, as of conscience, in it ? And, therein, do you not commit as great a wrong to him, as he has done to you ? This• is . not the way to heal : a difficulty. This is not the my to keep up a pure communion. It will, of course, draw the eyes of the Church, and of the world too, upon the "difficulty" between you and him; but this is not Christ's way of ".telling it to the Church," Mat; aviii : 17. My dear brother, excuse me for being so plain spo ken. I have seen so much evil resulting from this practice of keeping back from the communion, on account of hard feel ings toward a fellow-member, that I am constrained to use great plainness of speech.; especially as a Mend whom I esteem and love, has asked my advice in relation to his own course. I earnestly and affectionately advise you to go to the approaching column niort dismissing all *resentful feelings to ward' Mr. A—, praying God to, forgive ifierMitattra - deieyotrieroWaTillnik:' ina. with joy and faith of the very nature of the ordinance—a symbol of the Saviour's death for sinners, and a seal of the forgive ness of sins. Read over the eighteenth chapter of Matthew to which I have re ferred. Dwell for some time on these words near the close of it, "I forgave thee all that debt, because thou 'desiredst me; shouldst not thou have cempassion on thy fellow servant, even as I had pity on thee ?" Hoping that you will have much comfort in the fello*ship of the Saviour and his people, and earnestly praying that you may, I am, Christian brother, sincerely yours, J. F. M. For the Presbyterian lian'ner American Tract Society. "It is more blessed to give than to re ceive." Pressing applications are now be fore the Committee of the American Tract Society, New-York, from India, Turkey, Germany, Italy, and other parts of the world, for immediate aid. Italy is now a most inviting field. If means were fur nished,, much might be done. At a recent meeting the Committee made a grant for' Italy of three hundred copies of Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress in Italian; and a gen tleman in New-York puichased two hun dred additional copies, which were shipped in the same vessel. GOOD INVESTMENT Another gentleman in New-York, who 'is deeply interested in the religious training of young men preparing for the .ministry, and has often furnished them with useful books, has just presented a copy. of the " Life of Knill," published by the Tract Society, to each member of the 'Union Theo logical Seminary in New-York, and to each member of the Theological Seminary at, Princeton, New-Jersey, in all about three • hundred .copies. • Another gentleman has presented one hundred and sixty copies of " Fuller's Backslider" to the students of the Wes tern Theological Seminary, Allegheny, 'Pa. Two other gentlemen have each purchased of 'the Tract Society one hundred copies of the " Seaman's Narratives " to give to sailors. A. distinguished Professor, who has read the "Memoirs and Correspondence . of Dr. il De dridge," just published by the Society, a , 4g It has a special adaptation to minis t ,Mid students," and asks if some gen tleihan of'competent' means would not es teem it a privilege to furnish each student in the Western Theological Seminary with a copy of this interesting volume ? A Penny a' Day,. When in our boyhood we ,read in the Bible about the men' working in .-a vine yard for a penny a day, we remember that it seemed like very small wages indeed. But let us see about this. In those clays a pen, ny was about as large as fifteen of our . cents, and as money was some ten times as valuable as now, the penny a day was as good as one hundred and fifty of our cents, so that those men really got as good wages as the best men now oenerally have in har vest time, that is, a dollar and a half a day. So also when that good Samaritan gave two pence to the landlord to take care of the man who fell among thieves, you see it was equivalent to about three dollars, which would probably pay for his board two weeks in a country tavern where board was'very cheap. This gift of the Samari tan was in addition to his raiment, the oil and wine, and to the promise to pay any thing more that the landlord might expend. By the same reckoning, how much was that box of n very costly" ointment worth, which Mary used upon the Saviour ? When the disciples asked if their should kitty two hundred pennyw6rths of bread, how many loaves were they calculating for, at about six cents a loaf—a large price in those days ? Remember, to reckon money worth ten times, as: Elliott 118 now, and to. call a penny worth fifteen amts.—Agriculturist. N, , 1 , 4% ,, ,..1i0 , . ."*''::::::..:.,... .... ..-- . .. . ~ ... 6 . . .. , . . .. , , _..4 ...„ . . .., . . ~ .... . ....... . .... ...,..A4::: . . , , ......•..• . ..., '.........i , . 1 . ; . . .. . . . . . . :.... . .. ,4. ~ - ', 2 ' . . I • . - VOL. IX., NO. 15. EUROPEAN CORRESPONDENCE. - PRESS! EIGHTINO IN CIIINA----DEPRATS OF THE TARTAIL CAVALRY --CAPTURE OP T BRITISH OFFICERS-NEODTIATTONS PROPOSED lacasionn 'imams IV FRANCS—THE Nsw FRENCH AMBASSADOR-AUSTRIA, VENETIA, AND HUNGARY--THE FREE • CHURCH IN COLLISVN WITH THE COURTS OP LAW-NATURE OP TUN STRUOGLE--DOCTOR CANDDIND'S .SPEECH-DOCTOR CULLER AND HIS PASTORAL-THE KIDNAPPERS AND THEIR SYNPATHIES-THE BISHOP OF TURN, AND EJEVIAIEND OP TENANTRY-COLPONTARE LONDON-THE CHINN ' EY Swrps AND REVIVAL-4 TEA PARTY AND •ITS INCIDENTS-MESSES. EADCLIIPPE AND WEAVER IN SCOTLAND-POSTSCRIPT. LONDON, December Ist, 1860. THE NEWS FROM CHINA is of a some what startling character especially as to six Englishmen 'being taken prisoners by the Chinese. These gentlemen included the Secretary of Lord Elgin"; Mr. Parkes, the Interpreter to the Allied army; Capt. Brabayon, and the Time's Correspondent. The news will awaken great anxiety for their fate ; although it is affirmed that they were well treated. Negotiations were pro posed by the, Chinese Government, and the Emperor's brother was mominated to con duct them. But Lord Elgin , demanded, first of all, 'that the prisoners should be given .up. It is certain that if any vio lence be done thew, a terrible retribution will follow. As it. is, the Tartar cavalry, amounting to thirty-thousand, have been twice repulsed, with great slaughter, and the Allied army was encamped within six miles of Pekin. It is thus absolutely in the power of the Allies. It is 'Lord El gin's policy not to destroy the Tartar dy nasty, but his own successes hastens its disso lution on the one hand, while the Taeping Insurrection is causing it to crumble on the other. THE FRENCH EMPEROR has promulg,ated a decree, by which hi gives further liberty of "debate, and of legislation also, to the Chambers. Hitherto they have been noth ing better than hollow make-believes, the fawning, sycophantic Registrars of the Im perial will and fiat. Even when there was permitted a little "noise and fury," by some one or two speakers, it signified nothing. It but made pooiLiberty "more conspicuous by her absence." °Even now it is hard to believe that there will be really a free press, free speech, and Consti- Autional government. Perhaps the French are, as yet, unfit for full liberty. Certainly an infidel and, unciedly, nation is, so. ,Liberty, with such, becomes Licenie ; and never have such proofs of this been given as by France herself, in 1793, and likewise in 1830 and 1858. THE COLLECTION OF " PETER'STENOE " has been forbidden in France by Imperial decree, on the ground that it is made a pre tence for combinations which are employed again.st the secular government, as well it may be, and inconsistent with the interests of the Church of France. The Emperor is now Pope in - France ; at least as far as is well possible for him to be, without break ing with His Hiplines and the French Bishops altogether. 'A neW pamphlet has been in circulation, openly advocating the position that the Gallic= Church should be ruled entirely by the Emperor as its head, and that the Pope should have no jurisdiction in France at all. The pamph let, after a wide circulation, was suppressed by the Home Minister. This is. the way in which appearances are preserved, while yet 'the public mind is familiarised with new and startling ideas, and thus it has been &alums that " coming_ events east ' 'Count Persigny a warm friend to the' _ English Alliance, is about to become Min ister of State at Paris. He will be suc ceeded as Ambassador at the Court of Lon don, by Count Flahaidt, who is seventy-five years of age. -He was a very distinguished officer in the armies of Napoleon, and was with him on the battle-field of Waterloo. He is familiar with this country, having been long a resident in Scotland, as the husband of the Bhioness Keith, the daugh ter of a distinguished British Admiral. The amenities, kindliness and semi-kinfolk feelingthus cherished, coupled with an in timate knowledge of English habits and feelings, 'make the appointment acceptable to the nation: v Au STRIA. has now in Venetia an army of one hundred and thirty thousand-men, with an immense artillery force, all the cannon being rifled. She has also an exterior ar my of one hundred and fifty thousand, so placed as to he ready to protect the shores, of the Adriatic, and the landing in the Spring of a Garibaldian force ' such as might rouse disaffected populations, includ ing the Hungarians, and such also as would come up as reserves; if united and free Italy precipitated itself upon the fortresses of the QUalitilateral: "thi - the other hand, the Sardinians have a superior fleet tothat of Austria, and an ever increasing and well equipped army. If the struggl is-to come—if Austria refuses to sell. - Venetia (and *there are rumors: that it has been talked over by diplomatists at Paris,) then what a tremendous convulsion will -mark the history of 1861. The effect: of the armed condition. of Austria,.on her finances,..is meanwhile ru inous, and at Vienna a forced loan, weure told, is spoken of. The Hungarians seem diyided somewhat as to the acceptanCe of the concessions; but there seems no doubt that the majority are dissatisfied, and a smouldering fire, may, ere long,'hurst into a fearful conflagration. • T.ITN FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND has had a decision given by Lord Jewiswoode (one of the Lords of Session,) adverse to its claims of spiritual independence in deal ing in the way of discipline and deposition with an unworthy minister. The case is known under the title orthe " Cardross Case." Mr. McMillan was a recognised minister of the Free ilikure,li 'of Scotland. He was triedhy his Presbytery on certain charges of immorality, and found c cruilty. The matter was appealed to the general Assembly. When the,Supreme Court was about to enter on its consideration with a view to a final settlement and decision, Mr. McMillan, by his counsel, applied to the Courts of Law, and refused to submit to be tried by the Assembly. • claimed re dress for the violation of his pecuniary rights. When this was announced to the. Assembly in session, the offence was con sidered one of open contumacy and rebel lion, and it,was unanimously resolved that the, delinquent should have the sentence of deposition passed upon .him, and it was pronounced Accordingly. The Court of Session decided the Free Church to put in pleas to meet ; the action brought against them. These pleas were two—lst„ that " the sentences complained of being spir itual acts, done in the ordinary course of discipline by the Christian Church, toler ated and protected by'law, it is not compe tent for the Civil Court to' reduce them, and the actions should therefore be dis missed." 2. "As the actions, in se far as they con clude for the reduction of the sentences complained of, do not relate to any question of civil right, the action cannot therefore be maintained." Lord jewiswood " repels" these pleas. Thus for the first time since Non-:Estab lished churches have been tolerated bylaw in thin country, it has been held by a Civil , Court, that it has right or authority to sus-: twin or ic , nore their spiritual sentences, and o declare them to be legal or illegal. There' PITTSBURGH, SATURDA is claimed for the Civil Court, general and supereminent authority, and thus if this sentence be finally confirmed and held;to be law, " there is no act that can be performed by a Church of Christ,., of whatever charac ter, and in whatever circumstances, that can be counted free from civil control. This is confirmed cvlien, in the, reasons given for the judgment, the Lord Ordinary asserts that a Non-Established church is known to the law only as an association which owes its existence to, and draws its assent from the power of members " an as sertion which necessarily implies that its acts can be dealt with and set aside in the same way, and to the same effect, as might the acts of'any voluntary Society, associ ated for any secular purpose." Thug speaks the Committee of the Free Church, in its report to the Commission of Assembly which met last week at Edin burgh. It also adds: "The Free Church has never pretended to lieny the full au thority of the Civil Court to dispose of all matters of civil interest arising out of any spiritual:decision pronounced by, her. courts. But she must, assert that, notwithstanding such decisions may be indirectly or, inci dentally connected with civil rights they are yet in their proper, character spiritual, and cannot be dealt with as, matters for civil control. Doctor Oandlish,,the 'real leader of the Free Church Assembly, and thp man above all others qualified by intellectual power add analytic acumen to deal with, legal questions, never, since the Disruption, shone out more fully hs " a bright particular star," than at the meeting of the Commis sion in Edinburgh, on Wednesday last. His health, which had been seriously im perilled, has been now fully restored, ,and in full physical and mental vigor, he grap pled with the Lord Ordinary, and in a mag nificent speech, worthy of his best days, enchained the Conunission for an hour and a half; and spoke forth utterances which will wake up an enthusiastic response from the hearts of multitudes. He met and re futed all the prejudicial.statements made as to the summary exercise of discipline on Mr. M'Millan by the Assembly. The following is the concluding portion of his speech: I say that these parties distinctly declare that they want the reponing of Mr. Mapmillanin his church' of Cardross, so as to bring this. Church into the position of being compelled- to own the civil power in this very matter. , (Hear, hear, hear.) Ido not know anything: about Mr.. Mac millan himself, but I have evidence of that: fact that it is declared by the partiesooneerned that they do not want damages, but an actual seduc tion of the sentence and the seponing of Mr. Macmillan. I believe thatis really the question raised by certain parties who would 'like the Church of. Christ to be brought into .a state of thorough prostrate subjection to the civil power. (Hear, hear.) In regard to the course of prac tical duty, I'hope the Commission will'approve of appealing.the case to the Inner louse. But the case will require to be managed,in a broader aspect, and I hope this ,Commission will appoint a large committee of ministers and eldera over all the Church, to - be entrusted'with the ibity,of 'cooperating with the Assembly's committee, and especially to.takemeasures for enlightening the country—(cheers)--enlightening our people on the subject, obtaining the. necessary, funds for conferring and consulting with - brethren, mem bers of other denominations, and securing in :this great question the ceoperation of our friends in the United Presbyterian, the old Presbyterian, and other non-established bodies. I rejoice to 'think that we have the fullest assurance .on the part of influential men in all these. bodies, and amonethe . Independents as - .well, of their full B:3tiiipathr with - Inc' and thhif to stand by us, if we should be involved in a serious struggle for our own very.= liberties. (Cheers.) I hope the committee will be appoint ed to discharge that duty, not' only in Scotland but in England, which, I. believe, snap be the better of having a question of this sort to look at. (Cheers.) I earnestly hope that this Church will deem the present struggle atleast as vital'as the struggle which ' seemed to be ended at the Disruption. To my mind, it is even more so. We had then an alternative'; we could pass from the -platform- of 'the Establishment to ithe broad ground of religious toleration, and we were told, that if we 'did that our liberties would be' all safe. 'Now, we have no'other alternative;. no platform on which we can take refuge. If this judgment of the Lord Ordinary is declared to be law, ive will then just simply require to stand and suffer. We. cannot escape then; we, will then be in a somewhat analogous position to that in which the - Protestant Church . in France is, both - the Protestant Church connected with the State, and the Free Protestant Church in France. No one:would say that these Churches are toter. ated. They exist, no doubt, and have a certain liberty of actiOn ; their - ministers are permitted to preach; but their Synods are not permitted to meet in 'the freedom of Ecclesiastical action. We'may be reduced:to that position. I am not sure that even in obedience to civil courts we could give up our meetings in Synods and Pres byteries, and forget the maxim of =John - Knox— No Assembly, no free Gospel. (Cheers.) We would scarcely be, in the position of our fathers before the Revolution. They were not permitted to meet in these 'courts ;'we are, , Intl we would meet contrary to law, and discuss questions at, our peril. An'd . there would perhaps be even an , aggravation of the wrong done' to us, if. The law were such as not to prevent our meetings,. as they were hindered in France and in this country before the Revolution, but - to allow our meetings only to declare that whatever we did—in session, I .de . cliting so Mid so not to be admissible ter the Communion'table, and onward through the Pres ,byteries up to .the General Assembly—that we might meet and carry,on our business, but did so at the peril of having our sentences reduced and ourselves subjected to civil pains and. penalties, unless we did consent to their , reduction—l say that that i 9 a" state of matters the m very conte plation of whicirshould fill all"theloversof their country with very serious alarm. We would still exist as a Church, and have a certain meas ure of:liberty as.a. Church ;. we would' stillact as a Church in many departments of duty.; ( but we would be acting under coercion and compulsion or, -if we did not choose to'aubmit to that, and make the civil judges the ultimate Court, of ap peal, we must submit to persecution ; for ttpan not be fairly denied that to allow . a Church to carry on her 'proceedings under such a risk as there would be ever impending over us,. would be to abridge the measure of toleration ,granted to that Church. I would earnestly , hope that this question, if revived, may be found to' be as the same question has always been found to be in Scotland, associated with manifest tokens of the' Divine presence and, blessing in the Church.. I dare say, there are some—and I myself might be inclined to sympathise with them very much— who may regard the intrusion of this que.stion as at this crisis peduliarly unseasonable. There may be those—and I might largely symptithise• with them--who may grudge the attention of the Church being, as they think, distracted from the great spiritual movements and awakenings, and our great duty in connexion with these awaken ings, to' a struggle of this' sort, 'a struggle. - ap-: patently on a point of law. `l'hope that all' who may be inclined to cherish suoh, a feel ing, before they indulge it, will, make, them selves acquainted with the past; • and if they do they will See that these two things have very frequently gone together: in the history of the Church of Scotland—a struggle.far her inde-. pendence and an outpouring of the Spirit of God. (Dr. Candlish sat doWn amid great ap plause.) DOCTOR CULLEN has issued a pastoral, full of blasphemous language, as to the Virgin Mary and the Festival of the, TM maculate Conception. "On that festival we commemorate .her exemption from the stain of original guilt. Boina. ° destined to become the mother of the eternal Son of God, who, in his justice, hateth sin and iniquity, it was meet-that among the chil dren of Eve she should be free from m.the contagion of every sin. Bright as :the sun, beautiful as the moon, terrible as the army of battle, from the first dawn of her exist mice, SHE Was the cause of hope and joy to fallen 'Man. * * 'Oh, with` wliat affection'will our'Holy"Mother'stretch% out her hand ttrassist us in' our trials :and diffi culties." , This'heresiarch,goes on to dwell on the 'evil of mixed " marriages; denouncing *mixededucatiOn aleo; •po‘iririg forth: a lanienlititioll - asliAlie date Of thin a'jFn Italy--affirming e. that th, triumph of the . wicked there is short; an' concluding with the werds : " The grace o — Our LOrd Jesus Christ, and the intercessi)n t iehis Infinite ulate Mother; be ' with y.tt all." He has been visiting in Gran elorman . prison, Dublin, the. notorious Mi :s: Aylward, who has been condemned' to a si;nionths'. incar ceration for, persisting in herrefusal ,to tell the Judges where 'certain ,ki‘inapped Prot-' estant children were. Cullen; ere ilow;hits. pretended . that he is not in. favor.of kid napping; now he fully endorses it. The 1 " martyred" lady lives on the fat of the earth, and holds' leVees 1t he prison, re ceiving the homage of her which make These , are the things Make Ahe heart sad, in visiting the.capital, and; also the South and West of Ireland. ,Popery. ; is the curse of the,country,Avlterever it is found; degrading and destrpying another-, wise noble race. There hiis been a 're; cent murder,' committed lit the county of Donegal, of Mr. Murray, it most worthy ':• man, and a land-steward to orm of the pro-;;, prietors there. The peopled alwaysshelter the .murderers. It is much to be re gretted that the `Protestant Bishop of Tuani has been empleyiAg the forces of the civil power to ejeet -:a% considz.l erable body of tenantry vl e ;a4 l , 4l altw . *';,, itary, estates. The . prop,ertyi Ales[het'te•t' . long f,ophis See; it comes tea:lin as the son of the late Lord Plunkett,' ho was a 'fa- mous orator at the bar in lift 'day, and - the son. of a PresbYterian mhfister. But, as 1; the Times indicates, even while the tenantry, ; may have been refractory4nd Tonic' pay, no rent, it is a scandal to Protestantism when a Bishopis the instigator' Of 'legal proceedings that end in the casting down of hovels in the depth ofnter, and the f turning out on the road old and bed - - 1 ridden people. '9 7 . . COLPORTAGE IN Lottnolis now aboutto be brought into operation, ri. , an extended scale, by Mr It . blin, who has grown rich 1?3 , his partners ~,p in the Lon don Grata Percha Works, red_who has re solved tnciniseerate his wePth to the high est ends. A meeting, a - -which several eminent persons attended has been held, for, -the explanation .of the enterprise. Qualified 'agents are lido "'selected, arid 1 they_Will 'sell pure. and he. by literature in and around 'the metropolis :13 the masses of the people. "The Pure )Literature So t ciety", has affected much.;; in this way. already. It is found that teeny people, are willing to avail themselves of good intel-: leetual and, moral pabuluml and will aban don'that which is evil, inhe former be supplied to them.. id r: , ..,. Great , social evils arise at Pairs, from, the penny theatres, and other Anioralizing, ex- hibitions. An experiment:was Made, not , long since, at the Fair of VoYden, in 'Sur rey, .of an exhibition of dissolving views, with suitable explanations i The effect was : most gratifying. The seal means of inno -cent recreation, and of pal education, is ling extensively emplofed in' London itself, in connexion with - tli:e Bible-woman movement. One gentleriihn ;has devoted. months to go, night aft"eight, through the Bible women's dis ',ts, to exhibit f ic Scripture views, to the at delight and benefit of the people: * . , THE CHII4INEY-SW.k,EP f London form one class, athong whom tip i ace and power of the Holy'Spiiii; have f en"ltt'opertitio .. ' lr The other 'day I heard:of two of this class, who had been very wicked,: coming.; to a prayer-meeting with tears, asking permis sion to be allowed to join in the associa tion. A Christian chimney-sweep was the informant, with 'regard-to'this, communi cating it to the. servant mf a family where; one morning, he was employed. Chimney,-sweep Tea Meetings:are among the notable things of these days. About twelve months ago, as ".Priscilla,' a Bible woman, was abroad in' her district, a sweep liiing there said: "There has nothingleen done for us poor sweeps. I should like to have a tea-meeting ;, do you think your Lady " (Superintendent ; ) "would help us ? for ,I know if a lady take anything up, she Will 'go through with it." Nairn/ two hundred sweeps, with a great many of their wives, sat do•ivn together, in a spacious school-room, lent for the occasion. The behaviour of the party was admirable. The editor of the British Workman cheered the meetirig' by bis' presence. He told them thathe should like to have a Sweeps' Tract Society, and gave one, guinea 'toward it. He• also, gave a copy of" The Band of. Hope Almanac," for 1861, to every man present. The sweep who had beere the principal agent in collecting 'his - brother-sweeps, at- tempted tnaddress the meeting, but he was so overcome that he could only raise his arms, and falter out, "I am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ." Then staggering to his ,place, covered with feeling, he buried his face in his hands, and sit down. The effect was electrifying, and melted nearly every sweep in the room into tears. Another sweep steed up ao d,pointed to the spotwhere 'he had'received his first impression of Chris tian truth, twenty-two years before, as a Sunday scholar,'adding : " I-have'-not - been in _the room "since then. I have • known something of the misery of sin, but have never forgetten the teaching I here re-, ceived, and , now I myself am a teacher, and otherwise usethily eniployed on behalf of my fellow-men." He concluded.by raising. .his voice and saying : "Try religion, my fellow-tradesmen; try, the religion of Jesus, who died to save your iouls, for yourselves. I never knew, happiness till I beeame a Christian- man." - Again the tears' rolled down the rough faces of the listeners, and two men, notorious as drunken and 'repro bate, wept bitterly. • Anoth,er, in recommending his sooty companions to become religious and act as men, doing men's work, in making theni selves useful to others, dwelt on the oppor tunitVes afforded. of speaking to the servants' of families, 'and :related a touching anecdote in point. A,poor girl, whom he saw when, he went <to .sweep a chimney, finding he knew something of religion, and being very unhappy, and without a friend, opened 'her mind to hiin,mnd told hiinall her.sorrows. "I laid down my brush," said he, "and presented to .her. Christ crucified." Well. is it asked by a writer in the Book and. its Missions; " What more could the most gifted and erudite teacher have done for , the relief of her soul's misery.?'.' It is, well ~ to remember that upon' : this class, :not only, in London, but throughout the Provinces, a socially elevating influence has for sometime beeii in operation, through tha passing of Lord Shaftsbury's Act abol ishing the practice.of sending children hp the chimneys,- and the universal Use of the Rammoneur systemmf cleansing. -It is of Christianity even' in a boy, under the old 'regime; that ,Deputy Judge :Payne: relates, in his usual quaint manner,ehe anecdote of his thrusting' his head out of the chimney-top, - and carolling out the jubilant strain: . '‘‘ The lorroirs of the mind Be banished from this place; Religion never was designed To make our pleasures less." • It is also worthy of teCollection that William Carter, a master ehimney-sweep, and one Of - the-converts in' connexion with Reliivallwbrk . which -begin: in . - Elaint4ilW 11 'll4* .iine(dflidiell'osi,) I}ECE efficient evangelists,. to the xnasses, in thea tres and public rooms. A GREAT, BLESSING. has been.. brought to the ; most degraded of the population of Edinburgh, and also to very many of, the populdtion of" Glasgow, by the exhortations of Messrs. R. Radcliffe and Richard Weaver. The'' social evil" has received a,check, and.many poor,creatures have been restored not only to their .parents,, or friends, or have had asylums and honest induStry_provided for them, but have, there is good reason-to believe, been truly washed, and sanetified, and justified. J.W: 'P. S.---Dr. Croley; a City Rector, well known, as a popular, writer, is no more. He fet down suddenly, in one of the great thoroughffires i and died immediately. He Was seventy-five = years old 'and was an alumnus. of Trinity College, 'Dublin. ..Another monthly; calld The Temple Bar.:, Magazine; has • just appeared. It is edited by George Augustus Sala. Thaek eritY, in his Cornkill, greets it with a kindly: Welcome. Chevalier - Bunsen died= at >Bonn, on the Rhine, slew days ago, aged seventy. His recent Rationalistic writings and views have been vedr mischievous. lergymen 8 181Y88. If it be said, the duty , of a clergyman's wife is only that,of every ; other good wife to her husband—she is 'nuttried to the' iniu -only, and she-is not installed over the •parish, , but her husliandi.Bso.—lin .reply; it may be said, All this is literally true, but practically false; ; for she is considered, equally with her husband, the property of the parish. She is expected not only to preside over all of his domestic concerns= to- visit all 'the families of the , parish!---le be the lead.er at all; the , " female prayer meetings,". and " Mother's Associations,", and the ' President, Treasurer, or Directress general. of the "Ladies' Benevolent and Beneficent Societies ;" 'but also' to be the model for all .other females, in dress t de meanor, and economy--to be at : the ba. of all who are. afflicted with sickness—to at tend- every marriage. and every funeral— in a Word, to be omnipresent, at halite and . 'abroad; in priVate and inpubliC.` , Isto: woman, unless she-belnade of iron; or•of 'lndia , ru.bber,. can accomplish all this. I ,have often thought of the following sentence, which I onee heard a clergyman use in an address to a parish, :upon the in itiation 'of a pager. "Remember," said he, that you settle this Yuan, as your min ister, net. his wife." Whether this people rememberedit or pot, I am> not apprized. But it may be stated' as a general fact, that few, parishes do. It is iie marvel' - that clergymen's wives ." break down". (as the expression is,)when it is considered how_much they are compelled to do. ' Usually they have as.many children as, other women ; and, generally, they en tertain as; many " strangers " as others do. Imagine the ministerin his study, where he must .not be disturbed. The " help," if she has " help," which many have not,:and CM but ill afford, is busy in the kitchen. The good. woman is in the "nursery," with `three or'four children, all of whom dernand a mother's 'constant care. ; Th door-bell rings and Mrs.. H—,. the' deacon's .wife, and,fikiss the deacon's daughter, en ter,- The "maid ef all work " has, run te '`.the . denr; and ushered - them into the "sit ting:roOiii,"andtheri informed her.mistrnss. Bit-how can•she leave Eel., children,'when one i t s but‘half• dressed, andanother is sick,• and 'a: third is Crying for this or that ? Then• she, must" change , her, dress," as, she cannot appear before II Mrs.and her daughter, occupying the station which she :clods; and they do, in the church •and par iah, in a.. nursery apparel. The dress is changed in, a lurry—the children still cry ing, and she meets , her company , with, her „. nerves all'exeited, and her heart palpi- The, ordinary: compliments are passed, and Mrs. i says "Icalled early this morning toinquire about the new private school, which has just been' opened in the "village,. as L understood you thought of sending your-oldest daughter. . I concluded, upon consulting with the deacon, that if yon knew enough about the school fo send your daughter, 'you could inform:x:lm what f had better do about sending • If—. I was sorry to trouble you about it, but ;I felt 'as though I could not send her, until I knew your mind about the matter2,' fine, the teacher is sufficiently recommended, and-111V.' — concludes' she will Send to the•school. They -have just arrived ate the door to leave, when Esquire ; T. walks up and en: ters. l4'e says : "I called 'to see „Mr. M a moment, 'about the wood, of whieb. spoke to me. I suppose he in - his staidy atAhis honr and does- notwish to be ,dis tuthed.. - .Verhaps you would do just as well; ma'am. :I was, going to ask whether you would, have it half pine, or not? I burn more-pine t lan ar woo . 'The lady replies.: "" I heard my 'husband say he preferred the hard wood, as it lasts so much longer; ' The wood question is soon settled, and Escpife, T. is about leav ing; when up comes's yonag man, a,strang er; with rosy cheeks, and' beard upon 'the -Upper lip, and with manyhows and -scrapes, - and a good degree of: confidence, enters, and introduces himself as Mr. , alma osic-teacher from ihe city. 'Addressing hiniself to Mrs, M. `as the lady of the!house; whom he could nat'well mistake (as he heard Esquire T: pronounce her name when he departed, saying, " good morning;'.'_) "I.was informed by Mrs. G., 'one of your people, that she thought your two daiighters ought to take niusie-lessons, as they were 'old- enough ; andthe Minister's children, above' all, others, ought to learn uttaic, as it is so important that they.should be able to sing; and, as we pay him a good salary—six hundred dollars a year—he can certainly'Well afford to"give them such an education as should be an example to his people." AL concludes, very much to the disappointment of the music -master, that she will not have her daughters take lesgons yet, as they ate young, and she does not feel that Elk. 'can affth:diti; and the city music-teacher 'leaves. But as he withdraws, shesays to herself, What could . Mrs.. G. mean by speaking so about, our salary? D,oes. she uot know: that we cannot live upon hundred dol 'lam, and never have lived . upon it. She •mtist:know;it. ' - • • • The children (in..;the plight in which Mrs. M. left them. when the first callers came) had now remained so for an hour or more; and just as she was approaching the nursery to look after them; Betty appeared, with :anxious countenance, and inquired, " What were we to do abont: dinner 7 The m market-an•had not came, and they. were, to have company to dine!! deair exclaimed Mrs': M., "'what more can I do?" At this crisis the door-bell rang again ; and - 'Dips the dress-maker, made : her' appearance. Betty ushered her into the. "sitting-room," when she com menced as follows : " Mrs. 'lt., the land lord's,wife, at the .hotel, was very much pleased-with Mrs. M.'s flew 'dress, last Sab bath, and'slie '(thn diesailitileer) wa.s_going to, the city ; wither to e a t just snob one. did . tt . and what was the ',ricrac • •,..04141tOgoilit oileiriciltemalijot 11 MI WHOLE NO, 431. Was it a Paris pattern ; ?.She never did see a dress sp beautiful, and -fit so.well!" , Betty hastened to the nursery to inform her mistresS, and•to' requestler immediate presence; as the dressmalpr was in'a hurry;- for they had been delayed so long , already, that the ears would start and leave them. „ . But Mrs. M. bad fbund the children in such condition that site could not leave them immediately, so, as the dress-Maker could not wait, she had to leave without the necessary information. • . When• Miss P. communicated her ill-suc cess to the landlord's wife, the latter was quite discetaposed. Her visit to the city would be of no use, as she might hunt from street to street, and store to store; and spend the whole day .withoutat last finding the • one where. Mrs. M. bought her dress; and if she foimd it, of what use would it be, unless she could know where it was cut? She did wish their minister's wife could leave her children .a minute. .They were no better than other, people's children ' if they were the minister's, though:, their mother thought they were. She hasn't spark of politeness about her, if. she is the minister's wife. She don't know what good manners are; if she did, she wouldn't treat her in ,this way, when her, husband po44,en, dollars a,year toward the...minis ter's. support. It was astonishing how un grateful' some creatures were. Iler hus band should leave that meeting, that he should. She'd let the parson , know that!! All this Was soon carried to the ears of ,Mrs M. and her husband, by - Miss Spinster, -whi) boarded at the hotel, and who was a very gootifriend of the minister and his wife. "'Lam so good a friend to you,” said she, that ,I can't hear such things .said about our minister's wife without tel ling you on't. Some people keep every- thing from the minister till all • the parish get against' him, and then he has to leave, and makes a great stir, and'we're all broke up, and have to get a new minister. -But that was never my - way. I don't think - des Christicta. When I hear anything, against minister or, his wife, I always come right off and tell him on't ; and I think, if ev erybody'd do so, it would save a great deal of trouble, because, you know, he ought to. know what :the people say about him, and who are his friends, and who,are his me.: ,mies. "-But the landlord's wife is dreadfully Put out; and there's another thing, now I'm here, which I ' spose 'I ought to tell you.. My Aunt Q----, you know she's an old. lady, and been a leading mem ber in thechnrch a great many yearS, long before you came here, and she'sgot Money, and paid ever so much to help the parish along. She says she's very sorry you of fended the landlord's wife so, for though she'd heard that he didn 't.keep-a very or derly house, and sold' liquor, and had diutc ,ing parties, and other Company from the city, yet he helped support you; and We can't afford to-lose anymore:from. the par ish now, since so many have gone away of late.' She says she don.'t think you meant to offend Mrs. 8., but yeti didn't consider how hard it comes upon a few. of us who have to bear.' the heat-and:burden' of supporting you. .It .didn't used to be so, when our last minister, was here (dear ,man,) and his wife too I What a woman she was? She loved everybody, and visit ed the poor as well as the rich. But they . - , ...0t-kind- , of discouraged. and.a., richer-soci ety gave him, a call, and.so he-left us; and Any aunt says; 'we never got along so well since; and she don 't know what we're . , coming to new, if the landlord 'won't pay any more.' "Besides, my aunt (she's had to pay so much here a great while, that she keeps the run , of things pretty well) says, (,shels, heard of two or three, families, down to t' other end of the parish, which are going to leave because you dont 't visit 'em more. They see you only at•church,...on Sundays, no,more 'than though you wasn 't.our min sister, and, they say, they, should , think Mrs. might call one:e in a.. while if you can 't." Thus Miss Spinster ran on, till the com pany came (a neighboring. clergyman = and his wife and daughter,) and then stayed : to dine. It' was Friday, and the Preparatory Lea ture came in the afternoon, and the Tisit ing clerical brother was to preach it, as used to be the , general practice in olden time in the State of " steady habit's." ~ Mrs M., poor woman, though she had not had a moment . 's rest, prepared herself to attend the lectitre, as well as she mild, which was, howeyer, but thinly attended by the =church. • The poor pastor's health, and, especially that of his wife, had begun to fail; and when, at - night;` they came to retire, - she could, suppress her 'sorrow ,no longer). Nature wasoverpowered--the drops of , this - last day's trial had caused the cup, to overflow --the heart was breaking ; and she b,urst `forth into a flood of tears. When nature was a little releaved by the breaking up of this; fountain of scalding tears, Ars., M. said - :," 0 -dear ; ! husband, what shall we do.? I have labored . , and suffered,:and 'tried` to do the best I could, till I fell as though I can 'do' no More. I have neglected my children,' neglected "my' household atiairs,:and•negleeted you;'all , to try. to perform my, duty to,,this people,, to do them good." In a few days, Mrs. M. was taken sick, It was not sickness of the body only, 'but' that also; of " wounded which none eau bear. It was alovr, lingering fe ver, with delerium, such as attends extreme exertion and over-action of both mind and body. It was her last sickness—that by which she was`takerillonie 'to her Father's house:above. It.was.death.from a broken, heart !—death . , from . a fastidious, ungrate ful, wicked people. And when the day of final reckoning coines, on whose heads Will' the blood of 'this poor, innocent, devoted, but-unfortunate wife and r,mother, fall ?-- G'orn,ell's " Haw to Enjoy, " Go on, Sir, Go oft." 7 Arago ; says, in-'his autobicgraphy, that his master in mathematics was a, word or two of adviee.wlAch he found in the, bind . ing of one of his text-books. Puzzled and ,discouraged by the difficulties which he met with in his early studies, he was'altilost ready to' give over the pursuit. Some words ' Which, he found; on waste leaf used to stiffen the cover ef lks paper hound text-book caught his eye ,a 0 interested him. "Impelled," he says, "by an inde finable curiosity; dampened the cover of the book. and carefully unrolled the leaf, to see.what was on the other side. It proved to be a, short letter. from .IrAlernbert to a young person_ disheartened,. like myself, by the: difficulties of mathematical study, arid :who had: written to' hirn for 'Counsel: Go on, 'sir, „go - on,' . was the counsel which I D'Alembert gave him.. ',The, difficulties you. meet will resolve themselves as you ad: vance. Procee:d, and light will dawn . and shine wittk increasing clearness on your path!" ig That maxim," says Arago,2" was my greatest master in mathematics." Following out these simple words ," Go on, sir, go on," made him. the first astror nomiear mathematician of his age. "'What„ make of-us-144Whik. • • • • , • • • The list of savans . in Geneva would equal that of Zurich in length, and no words of ours could add to their -renown. It was , not the birth-place of Calvin, but was the theatre of • his labors, and' many of the scarcely less bright and shining lights of his time. His house is still the Mecca of Protestant pilgrims. Rousseau was born in Geneva, and she gave Solone to Eng land; Le Clem to Holland, Lefort to Rus sia, and Neckar to France. Here, too, was the home -of Vernet, of De Luc, Provost, Banlacre, Romilly, Le Sage, Diodati, let, Pictet, Berenger, D'lvernois, and Isla bert. 'Voltaire did not live in the city, but it was the scenery around her waters that tempted him' o form his little para dise at Ferner, and that has tempted from time to time nearly all the beaux esprits of Paris; and her lake has been the 'nucleus. around whiCh have gathered those of all the world, especially the unfortunate who must fly from oppression, or who sought a solace for their misfortunes. The history of- these alone would form, an 7interesting volume, without including what they have themselves written._ Byren 9 ,d it " beau tiful as a:dream arid one can almost re joiCe at the affliction which sent him forth a lonely wanderer when he reads the Pris oner of Chillon, Manfred,. and Cade Sur old, the songs 7hicla he sang 'on Genevahs banks. Madame de Stael, surrounded .by. her brilliant coterie, lived at Coppet. The . new castle was owned first by Count Do : . lina, and net fell 'into the. hands Of a richbanker of St. Gall, not a millionaire *lively, but the lord of many millions. hi the reign and through the injustice of Louis XIV., he was despoiled, and died in the miserable hut of a poor woman of Ver sailles. It then became the pOss6ssion of • the Minister of this king, -the father' of Madame de Stael. She was the -magnet which attracted-all-the sages, philosophers, and literati of the' :then .k.nalth world—a constellation, perhaps the most ,brilliant which has ever shone upon it. Napoleon scattered them to the fbur wiads,though he could'not put out their light—alas! that he ihould have learned Afterwards so bitterly what it is to be a `fugitive and exile. There is scarcely a sod of the Re public which has not been pressed by the foot of the unfortunate. THE PRESBYTERIAN BANNER. Publication ()thee GAZETTE BUILDINGS; 848 - rim Si:, Dirielitmaix, PA. , PHILADELPHIA, Soria-Wm CO OP 7TH Alia) CHEETPCUP 'ADVERTISEMEHTS6 TEEMS_ZN ADVANCE A Square, (8 lines. or less,) one, insertion, 40 cents; each subsequent insertion, 40 cents ; eactlylineloyond eight, 5 eta. A Square per quarter, $4.00; each line additional, 83 cents. .4L-Banneriorr 2011413 to advertisers by the year: BVSINESS NOTIGES,of TEN lines or less, $l.OO each ad ditional line, 10 cents. DAVID 14.IIIIINNEY I•r. PUOPREETOIII3 AHD POSLISMS. heroea of faith, what stuns in holy wisdom should we, become just saves acting out that maxim, , " ao on, go on." " Then shall we know him, if we follow on to know the. Lord; his going forth is prepared as the morning." If the world should refuse to open its eyes to the day because it does not begin•with noon ' instead of the first faint struggle of twilight with the dominion of darkness, it would lose the day altogether. So with the soul which does not admit / with humble and thankful glad- MN, the first lash of the spiritual dawn, the first beams of that " true light which lighteth every man that cometh into the world." It remains in perpetual night—a night which passes at last into the black ness of darkness. But admitting and re joicing in these morning rays, we enter on that" path of the just which shineth more and more unto the perfect day." Geneva, „ . . The Leafs • At.ittso-faelpit4on-4theik,ist.inrAiN t iktw 44 s escriptive and analyta4asgages. The following is from the 'last volume of the Node' rn Painters': The leaves, as we shall see imniediately, are the. feeders. of the ptant. Theis 'cwn orderly habits of succession must not in terfere with their‘Main business of finding' food. Where :the sun- and air are, the deaf must go, whether it be out of order or not. So, therefore, in any group, the firsteonsid eration, with the young leaves is much like that of yiiung bees-how to' keep out of each 'other's w. that every one may leave its neighbot4' as much free-air pasture as possible, and obtain a relative freedom for itself. This would be quite a simplematter, and produce other -simply-balanced- forms, if each branch :with open air all round, it, had nothing to think of but reconcilement of interest among its own leaves. But every branch has others to meet or to cross, sharing with them,- in various advantage, what shade, or.eun, or rain is to be had. Hence, every. single.-leaf-cluster presents the general' aspect er a little family entire ly-at unity among themselves, but obliged to-get-their diving: by various- bhifti; con cessions, and infringments of the family rules, in order not, to invade the privileges of other people in their neighborhood. And in the arrangement of these conces sions• there is an exquisite sensibility among the leaves. They do not grow, each to his own•liking, till they.run against one another, and then turn back sulkily; but, by a watchful instinct, far apart, they an ticipate their companion's courses, as edg ed' tissues guide themselves by the sense of each-other's remote. presence, and by a watchful penetration of leafy purpose in the , far future. So that every shadow which one casts on the next, and every glint of sun which edcli reflects to the next, and every tench which', in toss 'of storm, each receives_from the next,. aid or arrest the development of their advancing form, and direct, as. will .be-the. safest- and, best, the curve of every fold and .current, of every vein. And this peculiar character exists in all the' structures thus developed, that they are'always visibly the' result of a vo lition on the part of the leaf meeting an external force or fate to which it is ever passively subjected. Upon it, as upon a mineral in the course of formation, the great merciless influence of the universe, and the-oppressive powers of minor things im mediately near it,.. act continually. Heat and cold, gravity,,and.the.other attractions, windy pressure, cr. local and unhealthy restraint, must, in Certain'-inevitable de grbes,•affect the whole of 'its life. But it is life which they affect; a life of progress and will—not. a merely. passive accumula tion of matter.". Iu Important Distinction. Rev. W. McMahon, a venerable Metho dist, minister, is writing reminiscences of his early life. He founded the first Meth odist Church in Huntsville, Alabama. The scene, of the following anecdote, we believe, is located somewhere in that part of the State: . " I had preached this year to a hardened congregation of wealthy sinners, where there was no society, and, I suppose, they thought themselves free from responsibility, so far as pay was concerned. When I was. preaching my last sermon to them, I re marked that I had preached to them some time the 'best I could, and that if I had. not preached as well as others, I had preached aakicheap a , Gospel as any other man ever did; ,that for all my labor among. them, I, had; not received as much as ,would wrap my little finger with dons. .As was taking my leave of them, there. was some feeling. manifated,Vrien ,large, fat old man came up tci the pulPit, 'blubbering and wiping his eyes, and said : God. bless you, sir _ ; " if We poor critters do n't pay you, the; Lord will.''l understand,' said I, e flits jigrd 'is the very good for his own , contratt",. ever-heard -heard that he was hound to pay your debts.'