Presbyterian banner. (Pittsburgh, Pa.) 1860-1898, November 10, 1860, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Editors nod Proprietors.
4 .20
1v Grins .
For TWO DOLLUIS, we will sent by mail seventy numbers
send for ONO DOLLAR, thltly4lllVo
F.otors :mauling us TIVIINTY subscribers and upwards, will
e thereby entitled to a papr without charge. •
Sena payments by safe be rom
ha p nd t,
s a l
-or byttle bmail. efore the year expires
Direct alt totters to DAVID N'IIINNEY & CO.,
Pittsburgh, Pa.
Per the Presbyterian Banner
Church DiffiCulties.
DEAR FRIEND :L---You have placed me,
by your request, in an 'embarrassing posi
tion, and have imposed .on me. a duty which
J hardly know how to perform. it is true,
[ was once your pastor, and your remem
brance of the old relation and intercourse
:lairds me as much gratification
,as it does
you. But your change of residence has
placed you under the spiritual care of
another minister. I have not the pleasure
of a personal acquaintance with him, but I
have heard him spoken of as one who
preaches the Gospel in its purity and sim
plicity, and who honors his Master by a
life of •unblemished integrity 'and devotion.
Since receiving your communication, I
have pondered and prayed over the subject
of it, and have concluded to answer it with
entire• candor, and with whatever wisdoM
may possess. And I bea you to take the
counsel that I give, in answer to your re
quest, together with the cautions and re
proofs which it may include.
Let,me make two general remarks. First.
From the nature of a minister's work, and
the number and variety of persons he has
to treat with, it is not surprising that, in
the course of years, he should become ob
noxious to -the suspicions, jealousies, or
of some of them. And, secondly,
by frequency of intercourse and freedom of
speech, in a congregation, these feelings
toward a minister are liable to spread, from
small centres to large circles, and to reach
many by sympathy, whom they never would
have affected in any other way.
Now, iu your own case,,and judging from
your 'own statements, I think you , are
wronging both your minister and yourself.
You admit that he has not given you any
offence, that you have no fault to find
with him; yet you have, somehow, con
tracted au indifference, almost amounting
to a dislike, toward himi. I think you
have allowed the antipathy of Mr. G.,
your neighbor, to influence your better
judgment, and to unsettle your affection for
your worthy ,pastor. A similar difficulty
existed between Mr. G. and the two former
ministers of that congregation, both of
whom left the charge in consequence of it.
Is it not possible—nay, is it not probable,
from the oircumstances, that Mr. G. ex
pects too much deference and attention
from the pastor, and that his pride is.hurt,
more than his conscience, by the minister's
conduct ?
I do hope, and, from my knowledge of
your good sense, confidently believe, you
will not permit yourself to be enlisted.into
any party arrangement against your pastor.
The " paper" with which Mr. G. is "'going
round," you ought not to sign. A mo
ment's cool reflection will convince you of
this. I have known many cases where the
circulation of " a paper" has been resorted
to, and never knew it to fail of doing mis
chief. It is generally the volunteer effort
of same officious person, who elects himself
the head of a party, and takes this method
of enlisting and enrollinc , his subordinates.
The representations made by those " going
round ' with such papers, are, of course,
one-sided, and may be erroneous. Besides,
it is not at all in accordance with the spirit
of our Saviour's direction, " If thy brother
trespass against thee, go and tell him his
fault, between him and thee alone." And
to show the influence of one-sided state
ments and over-persuasion resorted to in
such cases, I assure you that I have heard
many persons regret having signed such a
paper, and that I have known a few who
had signed two, in direct opposition to each
My dear friend, follow the things : that
make for peace, and things whereby one
may edify another. These church difficul
ties are a terrible reproach and hindrance
to the cause of Christ. The oppositions of
infidelity and wickedness, from without, are
not so formidable. But these wounds that
the Saviour receives in the house of his
friends, are dreadful. Churches have been
broken up by them, and neighborhoods
have been left desolate. Who can hesitate
to exclaim, as he looks over such sad
scenes, "An enemy bath done this I" I
trust, my friend, that you will improve the
Means of grace , which you enjoy ; that you
will keep clear of church difficulties; that
you will let no man persuade you to join
his party, or to sign his paper .
Yours, sincerely,
Installation at Baltimore, Md.
MESSRS. EDITORS :—The installation of
Rev. J. H. Potter, as pastor of the South ,
Presbyterian church of Baltimore, teok
place on Sabbath, the 14th of October.
Though the weather was quite unfavorable ;
there was a fine congregation present.
The Rev. Dr. Backus, of the First church,
preached a most stirring and appropriate
sermon.' The Rev. F. W. Krauss proposed
the constitutional questions, which being
answered affirmatively, he pronounced the
pastoral relation constituted, and the pastor
and people were respectively charged by
Rev. Dr. Dickson, and Rev. Mr. Kaufman,
the late pastor of the church ; the charges
were earnest and pointed. The whole ser
vices were deeply solemn and interesting,
and impressions for good were made, not
soon to be forgotten.
After the benediction was pronounced,
the congregation came up with singtilar
unanimity, and with cheerful countenances,
gave their new pastor a most cordial welcome;
by a hearty grasp of the hand.
To 'give an idea of the kind feeling and
harmony existing, the writer would state
that while the pastor was attending Synod,
on the ensuing week, the ladies of the
church were busy; and on his return .he
was surprised, on going to the study in the
basement of the church, to find it nicely
carpeted, papered, painted, and furnished
with all the conveniences of a minister's
study. This expression of kindness comes
from all the members of the congregation
with hearty good-will. The pastor was re
joiced to learn that the study had', already,
since the refitting, been dedicated by a
prayer-meeting of pious ladies—a most be
coming consecration of a room devoted to
sacred purposes. •
All the services of the church are well
attended. All that seems to be needed now
is a glorious outpouring of God's 'Spirit.
There are multitudes of careless sinners in
the immediate vicinity of the church. 0
that the great Shepherd would bless the
means used to gather them into the fold !
Presbytery of Dubuque
At the meeting of the Presbytery of Du
buque in Hopkinton, September 18 ult.,
the Rev. Samuel T. Wells was dismissed to
the Presbytery of California, whither he
goes under 'appointment of the Board of
Publication, to Superintend the work of
Colportage on the shores of the Pacific.
The following resolutions -were adopted on
the occasion:
Re,Totvect, That we hereby record our
gratitude to the- great Head of the Church
for having bestowed upon this portion of
his Zion, for the past fire years, the faith
ful and efficient labors of one so devoted to
her interests:
Resolved, That whilst we sincerely re
gret to be deprived of, the further:mission
For the Presbyterian Banner.
For the reusbyterten Banner
1 0 tog 1
Ti?s Iti trtil n altittr +
VOL. IX., NO. 8.
ary labors of this Brother in Northerlowa,
we do conaratulate the Board of Publica
tion, and the whole Church, in view of the
employment of one so well qualified for the
important work in which he now engages.
Resolved., That our best wishes and
earnest prayers for Bro. Wells shall ac
company. him, that God may voucljsafe
to him a prosperous journey to his. distant
field of labor, a cordial reception there and,
abundant fruits to the glory of God in time
and eternity.
I?esolved, That:a copy ofthese resolutions
be forwarded to Bro. Wells, be spread upon
the Minutes 6f Presbytery, and a copy to
sent to the Pariyie Expositor, Presbyte
rian, Herald, Presbyterian Expositor, and
Presbyterian Banner, for publication.
JOHN N. BOGGS, .Stated Clerk.
For the Preebytorian Banrier
The Presbytery of Washington.
The Presbytery of Washington held its
Stated meeting at Upper B&W° on the - 3d
and 4th inst. •
The Rev. J. M. Smith was released from
the pastoral charge of the church of Wells
burg, Va., and dissmissed to. unite with
the:Presbytery of Allegheny City, with a
view of accepting a call from the churchof
Sharpsburg.. The 'Rev. S. G. McFarland,
F.M.; was, at his own request, dismissed to
join the Presbytery of Siam. Mr. J. P.
Moore, a, licentiate, was ordained to the
full work of the ministry as an Evangelist.
The Committee appointed to instal the
Rev J. P. Caldwell, as pastor of the church
of Cross Roads, reported that they had
discharged that duty, and their fidelity was
approved. The Rev.. James A. Ewing was
received as • a member of Presbytery, by
letter, from the Presbytery of Clarion.
Presbytery also held an adjourned meeting
during . the intervals of the Synod of
Wheeling, at Cadiz, Ohio, when the Rev.
Watson Russell was received as a member,
in the usual manner, from the Presbytery
of Redstone, and, the Rev. 'James W.
McKennon, D.D., was, at his request; re
leased from the pastoral charge of the
church of Frankfort. The following sup- -
plies were appointed for Frankfort, . :
• First and Third Sabbaths of November,
Mr. Russell. First Sabbath of December,
Dr. Stockton. Third - Sabbath 'of Decem
ber, Mr. Calhoun. Fifth Sabbath of De
cember, Mr. Russell. Second Sabbath
of January, Mr. Pomroy. Fourth Sabbath
of ,January, Mr. Aikin. Second Sabbath
of February, J. P. Moore. Fourth Sab
bath February, Mr. Caldwell. Second
Sabbath of March, Mr. Fredericks. Fourth
Sabbath of March, Mr. Morton. First
Sabbath of April, (Communion,) Mr.
Grier. . J. J. BROWNSON, Stated Clerk.,
For the Presbyterian Banner
Progress in Liberality.
MESSERS EDITORS :—Permit me to ac
knowledge, through your paper, the gen
erosity of the Presbyterian congregation
of Clearfield, in purchasing a parsonage.
A very commodious and comfortable build-,
ing, pleasantly situated, with a command
lag view of the Susquehanna river, and
its picturesque scenery of hill and vale,
,has been secured at a cost of twenty-eight
hundred dollars. By this act of Christian
liberality, an object has been accomplished
which is of present comfort to the pastor,
and will be of lasting advantage to the
I desire, also, to acknowledge the hand
some generosity of the ladies of the Pres
byterian congregation of Curwensville, ex
pressed in the gift of an elegant and ser
viceable carriage. This gift is valued, not
only,for its intrinsic worth, but especially
for the kindness which it manifests, and
the handsome manner in which it was made.
May God's blessing be with the donors,
and may these acts of kindness provoke
other. congregations, and the ladies of other
congregations to remember their pastors in
similar generous deeds:
: For the Presbyterian Banner
Dedication of a Presbyterial) Church.
On Sabbath last, during the meeting of
the Synod of Pittsburgh, in Indiana, the
new Presbyterian church of Taylorsville
was opened for Divine worship, and solemn
ly dedicated to the service of Almighty
God. The services were conducted in , the
presence of 'a large congregation, by Rev.
Dr. M'Kinney and the pastor of the
church. The building is a neat, sub
stantial and appropriate frame church,
thirty-six 'by forty-five feet, and , when
fully furnished, as it will be in a few
weeks, will form a comfortable and commo
dious place of meeting for the congregation
—a great improvement on the old log
church. The congregation will need aid
in paying'off the debt, but are resolved to
effect their freedom, from this encumbrance
at an early, date. Rev. John Rice is pastor
For the Presbyterian Banner.
Extract from the Minutes of the. Synod of New
Jersey, in Session at Trenton, N. L, Octo-
ber, 1860.
Resolved, That it be recommended to all the
ministers of this, Synod to present to all their
churches; on the 28d of December next, the sub
ject of the Reformation, as to its causes, doc
trines and effects, in ordei thus to commemorate
the Ter-eentennary of the. first meeting of the
General' Assembly of the Church of . Scotland,
the precious germ from which almost all the
Presbyterian Churches in England, Ireland, and
America have sprung.
Resolved, That this Synod invites the ministers
of' all the Synods connected with our General
Assembly, and all Presbyterian ministers in the
United StateS, to unite with them in this cele
. .
Resolved, That,these resolutions -be published
in the various religious papers in the country,
signed by the Moderator and Clerks.
R. K. RODGERS, Moderator.
George Ball,
Abraham Gosman, Clerks
A Sad. Funeral.
Recently I attended the funeral of a
young gentleman, of rare promise. He
early made a profession of religion, but
still continued to be intimate with his gay
companions, and with them took the intox
icating cup. He had commenced the prac
tice of medicine with much success. A.
few weeks before .his death, a friend met
'Min, who said, "You look ill, Doctor.".
" Yes," he replied, "I have brought on a
consumption by drinking:liquor my lungs
are nearly, gone." The hectic flush,
almost constant cough, added force to his
It was a sad burial. Would that every'
young man had witnessed the dreadful ef
fects of intemperance iu this case! Could
anyone have been .an eye witness without
feeling it was. madness to continue drink
ing 1 This young mart" had fine talents, a
noble form, and the affections of a large
circle of relatives and friends but he has
gone down to a drunkard's.grave! •
Oh, dear young man, hear, and take
heed—beware of the fatal .cup. Oh, what
anguish must those feel in that world of
woe,` that they had not resisted those 'temp,
tations—that they had not accepted a.Sa
viour's love so freely offered to them !
Young man, will you net, for the love
of your own undying' soul; flee from that
dreadful hell ? Christ calls you into'his
vineyard, And will you not enter before, it
is too late ?
• "Stand Praying." •
The following• is a report of remarks
made in a pulpit in this vicinity in con
nexion with the reading of the Scriptures
at the opening of .the morning service.
" When ye stand praying, forgive :if ye have
aught against any." .•
. Stand praying—so it seems standing in
prayer wad: the approved practice-in . the
days of Christ. It is never said when ye
sit praying. The Pharisee stood and pray
ed, and the.-Publican standing afar off,
prayed. The Jewish temple, which was
the house• of prayer for all nations Ad in
some sense a model, had not in its apart-
ments for public worship even the accom
modation of sitting at all. The worshippers
must stand or kneel, and there is no in
stance of public prayer in Scripture ren
dered, or enjoined, in any other posture
than that of standing or 'kneeling. Nor
is there a Single instance, even of private
prayer, in .a sitting posture, which is
allowed beyond dispute to be. such an in-
prayed and they kneeled down- and prayed,
but never that they sat down and prayed.
It is strange that reverence is expressed by
kneeling as "I bow the knee before the
God at Father;" and reverence is ex
pressed by standing as in "rising up be
fore the ancients," but never is it.said that
For the Preebyterian Danner
From Om Bogton Retorflor.
Yet if the sitting posture be fitting,
and the be so universally adopt
ed, it is strange, very strange, that the
whole drift of. Scripture teaching and ex
ample should be so much a,,aainSt it; that
we should so often read that they stood and
any sat down in token of reverence.
freely grant that necessity may make a
posture suitable, which otherwise would
not be. One confined on a bed of sickness
and unable to stand or kneel, might fitly
offer his prayers in a recumbent or sitting
posture. So an aged and infirm person, in
a public congregation, who cannot stand
through the time of prayer without pain
ful weariness, would commit no irreverence
by sitting. The necessity supplies the
reverence. But where for more ease or
convenience strong and healthy persons
keep their sitting on cushioned seats, and
by no posture of reverence indicate their
union in the solemn address made to GOd
n prayer, the same counterworks the very
design of prayer.
I know it is treated ,as a small matter.
But its importance is greater than at first
appears. For, in, public prayer, we profess
to come in an especial manner before God,
who is to be addressed in godly fear; and
Peeling thiis' we take his name in vain.
Before this God in his temple the angels
cover their faces, both to express and per
sonate their reverence. But we neither
express nor promote our reverence, if we
come before this throne in company with
the angels, and quietly take our seats, with
faces upright, while the angels veil their
faces or bow in prostrate adoration. Whon
we approach ..our Glorious King with a
public petition as I?eggars, it is not fitting
that we should approach him in a, posture
never allowed in an address to an earthly
superior. Besides, God has specially
charged us to be reverent in our approaches
to him. -And if there is any posture
farther from reverence than the other, it is
True, the posture of the body is of little
importance compared with- that of the 'soul:-
And yet it has its importance on its own
scale. And it is especially important, in
that irreverence cannot be acted-in the body
without being felt in the soul. Irreverent
postures tend to irreverent and 'careless
feeling in our prayers. And when a con
gregation sits at its ease with heads up
right and eyes abroad during the utterance
of the words of prayer, the whole spectacle
is so far from an act of reverence to God
that it naturally tends to produce levity in
the-minds of the-spectators.
It is a remarkable fact that the unseemly
practise of sitting in prayer; while it
enjoys its fires seat in . the indolence of our
riature, has ,none that;are so' bold as to de--
-fend it on grounds of Scripture or Chris
tian principle generally. - Those who'prefer
it, prefer not to defend it. And many who
have yielded to the general current, and
adopted the practice know it is wrong, and
would be glad to see it displaced.
Yet evil communications corrupt good
manners. Bad, customs are more conta
geous than good. We had an affecting il
luetration of this some six or 'eight months
ago, when, on an occasion of a fUneral in
this' house, on the Sabbath, the seats were
mainly given up to persons from other
congregations. And then, for the first
time, I .think, in this house, the whole
congregation' sat during prayers, because
the mass of the worshippers being .accus
tomed-to that posture, controlled the, Teat.
And ever since that time the habit of
sitting has been growing upon us. Before
that, I had taken much satisfaction in the
thought that while other congregations had
so generally adopted the practice which
they themselves' condemned, this had pre
served primitive and Puritan usage. But
now I see that the genteeler and the softer
customs are-creeping in upon us.
I use the epithet genteeter to indicate my
view of the origin of the thing._ The cus
tom has been begotten in the luxurious
habit of the present age. • It was born upon
velvet. carpets and cushioned seats. It
commenced among the wealthy lovers of
ease in our cities. It thus acquired the
stamp-of genitility and the style of fashion,
and now, I doubt not; that - multitudes
cherish- it in the conceit -that it is removed
from that vulgar way of worshipping, -fit
for common sinners. And. this is only
one out'of a thousand ways in which the
rage for fashicin trenches on the purity and
integrity of- Christian principles. Aud
this makes my aversion to the custom more
inextinguishableand it inspires my jeal
ousy when I see it creePing, in here where
happily it has been kept out so long, and
impels me to say, "Hold . fast -that thou
hast, let no man take thy crown.. "-
When prayers.are drawn out to a tedious
length there is some necessity: and excuse
for sitting them, out. For when -they are
inflicted as a task and made a matter of en
durance, God will excuse the posture in
which they can` be easiest eridirred. For
be will have mercy, and not sacrifice. .1
had supposed that here there was no cause
for such a complaint. If I am . mistaked I
desire' to be corrected and to correct my
self. For from my heart I join, sitting or
standing, I join with all -in prayer against
long.-prayers. I unconsciously have
sinned in this regard. lf so, let me .know
it. Perhaps when I perceive that some of
the congregation refuse to rise with -us and
join in with us in prayer-, I ought to take
it as a • hint that I have wearied theM by
the length of the..exercise. If I have' one
it, I most.e.arnestly desire to reform in that
regard. For I would rather confine myself
to three minutes' time and have the feeling
that my brethren are joining withme, 'than
to occupy the usual eight or ten minutes
with a congregation keeping their seats,
and indicating as far as posture can do it,
that they .will not join with me.
If sitting is the proper posture for
prayer or even - a properposture, it is more
especially becoming in him who leads in
prayer.. He who goes before.. in the swords,
should go before in the acts and gestures.
, ~
And so, if it is proper. for the'iiews, it M
proper for the pulpit. And yet, were the
sitting practice introduced intoithe pulpit,
I think the absurdity, of `it would be so
manifest that all would abandon and abhor
it. The absurdity worild,he manifest, be
cause he . who leads utters the words of
prayer, and really seems to be praying, and
they who sit •in silence do riot so much seem
to be praying, and therefore the incongruity
of their sitting is not so palpable. They
do not so much act out to the eye
,the un
comeliness of keeping-their seats in an ad
dress to Jehovah. 33esides, when a con- •
gregation rises from their seats at the word, •
" Let us pray," they significantly empress
their union in the prayer. But when the -
minister rises for prayer, and the congrega
tion on the instant sit dOwn while he rises,
they plainly intimate that they will not
unite with' him. ,I recollect that in the
first instance where ~I officiated where this
innovation of sitting had been introduced,
the congregation had: stood through the
singing, and I •said "Let us -pray," and
every one on the instant sat. down. Iso
much felt the act as inficating that they
would not pray that it- vt,as well
_nigh im
possible for nie to go through the exercise
with even outward decene . Indeed, what
would be the' interpretati' 0.6110.4
i r
.derstood neither our lab . age nor .customs,
on this divided posture, as between minister
and, people in ~prayer ? I know that the
practice of the multitude'is against me on
this subject. And still r know that their
conscience is with me, andri desire to seek
above all things to have the' testimony of a
good conscience that ilk simplicity and
godly sincerity I have had my conversation
in the world. A questiet here arises as to
the duty of those who profess the good old
way. .When they. see that the tide has
gone against them.; shall ; :they stand in
prayer and appear to. be singularfwhile the
multitude follow.the present unseemly cus
tom ? If I were among stringers, 'where
the singularity of a stranger' arising in a
sort of protest against the common mode- '
would he more striking than the example
would be efficacious, my impression is that
I should follow the custom, of the assembly,
leaving with them the responsibility of an
evil which I had no power =to remedy—,
and thinking that the obtrusion of a
stranger's protest against their forms would
more binder than promote the orderly wor
ship of God in such a case.
But I should advise. all Whe see the evil
of the sitting custom in their own church
-to avoid it. Unformity is in itself desira
ble. his desirable to see
,the whole con
gregation united in their, postures of ad
dressing God. But the sin of. schism here
lies with those who adopted .the new prac
tice. Some of us remember the time when
all our churches were united in standing,
and sigh to see that, day again.,. It was the
innovators that spoiled the,barmony, and
they must not require us to, join their un
scriptural practice to restore it. Hence I
would -say to every one who prefers to
stand, that he ought to stand as 'long as
God shall give him, strength,to stand. If
he stands in the minority, so be it—he is
not then - following the multitude to do evil.
And if he stand - gone, lie stands to leave
his protest against the indolence, the lux
ury, the unconcern and :tlie :I ? audiceism of
the times. . We may not liv,e _tome the day
when the Church will awaiten to the evils
involved in the cu5tem44,41424(Mt..-,Bilti.
that day Will-come. '
I" hale no control of , individual con
science in such a case, and I desire none.
I am bound to, declare to you my own con
viction of duty, and here to leave the mat
ter, as I leave the responsibility where it
belongs.• CLERICUS.
Pennsylvania Colonization Society.
The Annual Meeting of the Society was
held on the evening of the Bth of October,
in its rooms, 609 Walnut Street. The
chair was occupied by the Rev. Howard
Malcom, D. D.- The ,annual statement of
the Board of Managers was read, from
which we conderise the following': •
During the last year the Society has been
bereaved by the death of three of its Vice
Presidents—John Brewster, of Shirleys
burg; Jesse Kenworthy,...of Brownsville ;
and Charles Brewer, of Pittsburgh—all
liberal contributors to its treasury. Each
deserves - to be held lasting and affec
tionate regard.
The prejudice of the .colored people. of
our great State is giving way, and many
yearn to help fbrward the work of an Af
rieau nationality. The sentiment is rap
idly strengthening, that in no way can
their, interests .be more promoted in every
respect than by removing to Liberia.
Hence a larger emigration of this class has
taken place during the last twelve months,
than during 'the same period previously.
The following is the number sent from the
counties of this.:State :—From. Allegheny,
4; Chester, 13.; Delaware, : 1; Brie 11;
Greene, 3; Philadelphia,
5 ; and -Wash
ington,. 14; total, 57. • Several were of
comparative wealth, and near all of much
respectability and intelligence.
Applications have been received and fa
verably responded-to by the Hoard,-repre
senting, over ,eighty persons. About half
of these are preparing to embark on ate
Ist proximo, and the Others are expeCted
to follow in the succeeding Spring..
Our collection of the laces of Coloniza
tion worthies has been increased by origi
nal portraits of Hon. Edward Coles--de
servedly appreciated as, a tried friend.Of
the colored race—and of John P. Crozer,
Esq.—affectionately prized for his interest
in the, work in which. we are engaged.
The picture of the latter will also keep
alive - the cherished name and services of
his brother, Dr. Sanuiel A Crozer, who was
the first physician appointed. for .Africa by
; the American Colonization Society, and
who early"fell a martyr, at Sherbro
in the cause of African regeneration.
The contributions received during- the
last twelve months, amounted to $4,935.74.
The disbursements have been, $4,645.07.
The entire receipts of the Parent Society
for the year ending Deeember 31st, 1859,
were $160,906:15. The disbursements were
The packet Illary Caroline' Stevens has
kept on beK prosperous way. She sailed
November 1, with 63 emigrants, 12 of whom
were from Pennsylvania; and May 2, with
228, including 89 from this State. She is
now loading at Baltimore, to sail on ."her
ninth voyage, November Ist next. '
The steamer Seth Grosvenor, 69 tons,
built by order of the very efficient New-
York State Colonization Society, arrived at
Monrovia on the 20th of June. This ves
sel is designed to ply as a'mail, freight and
passenger carrier, along the Liberian sea
board, and cannot but prove of signal ser
vice in the furtherance of African civiliza
tion. •
During the months of April and May,
the U. S. steam. cruizers Mohawk, Wyan
dott, and Crusader, seized, off the 'Cuban
coast, the slavers -Wildfire, William, and
Bogota, having 1492 souls On board.
These were sent into Key West, Florida.
The Governnitent made an arrangement with
the American Colonization Society to con
vey these recaptured slaves• to Liberia, and
provide theth with comfortable clothing,
shelter, and provisions for one' year after
landing there, a 4100. for ,eacli. .Three
vessels were prOmPtly chartered for the
purpose, and have doubtless reached their
destination by this time, viz., the Cast Wan,
sailed June 30; with 400, for Cape Mount;
tha South Shore, sailed July 14, with 355,
.for Monrovia.; the 'Star of the UlliO7L,
Sailed July 19; with 385, for Sinou; total,
1,138. Thus showing a reduetion by death,
from the time of capture until shipment—.a
little. over two months—of 354. 'Such
is the African slave trade I
On the Bth of. Augnst, the U. S. steamer
San Jacinto captured, off the coast of Af
rica, the slaver Storm King, with 619 Af
ricans on hoard. On the same day, the
ship Erie was taken,by the United States
steamer Mohican, , having a . cargo of 859
•persons. These, 1,478, in number, were
landed at. Monrovia, making a total of 2,616
of, this class u.nexpeetedly added to the
population of. the Republic in, the course
of a few weeks.
Such are not the settlers desired for .Li
beria. But what could be done for. them,
except through the authorities „and people,
of that progressive Repuhlie ? • -
The objects aimed at by :the foundatOf
the Society, and strictly endeavored
promoted by their su :o
4041:1040ealiiettli4art e o "g7n
American ~.people.. ; of, color,,,,most ..most..., of them
emanCipated.slavea, have been settled in.
Liberia. They are there advancing in. - all
Olt belongs to Christian and civilized life.
A native population of two hundred thou--
sand has been brought under the salutary
and augnienting influences of this vigor
ous Republic. Educational institutions of
- high value have been established, and cof
fee, sugar, and other saleable articles ex
ported to a much larger extent k than ever
• Encouraged by this view of the past, the
Society address themselves cheerfully to
the' work for the ensuing year. " The God
of-heaven, he will prosper us;• therefore
we, his servants, will arise .and build."
The following officers were ',elected for
the- ensuing year : .
President—JOHN P., CROZEIL.
Vice Presidents—Gerard Balaton, Robt.
IL Reed, M.D., 'Thonlas Hodgkin, M.D.,
George B. Wood, M.D, Stephen 'Colwell,
Alonzo Potter, D.D.,:-Wm: D.D.,
Edward Coles, Howard Malcom; D.D. John
Torrey, Hugh- L. Hodge, M.D. -William
B. Stevens, D.D., - Samuel. H. Perkins,' Jo
seph Harrison, 'William F. Packer„ Alex
ander Brown, E. F. Rivinus, M.D.,.Archi
bald Mclntyre, W. L. Helfensteib;7:W.A.
Allen, L.L.D., John Bell, M.D., JoliiiVOX,
David Stewart, George Chambers, Daniel
Houston, Charles AL Reek John Marston,
S. S.'Schmucker, D.D.
Recording Secretdry—Robert B. David-
Treasurer—William Coppinger.
Managers—L. P. Gebharcl, M.D., W.
Parker Foulke, John W. Claghorn, Wm.
V. Pettit, Wm. P. Breed,' Thomas S. Mal
com, .Silas" E. Weir, Edward S. Morris,
Paul T. Jones, G. W. Fahnestoek, Arthur
M. Burton, Daniel L. Collier.
The Society then adjourned.
Morning Thoughts.
When morning light begins to break
With glory overkill and lake,,
Thelrbirds, with "sweetest song,
The praise of Him who gives them food,
Supplies their every needed good,
In cheerful notes prolong.
We see them hop from bush and tree,
Singing . their wildest notes of glee
Unto their Maker, God.
Should we not, then, give praise to Him
Who cleansed our guilty souls from sin
With his most precious blood?
No heavy burden hath he laid
Upon poor guilty sinner's head,
But simply one request :
That we will give our lives to him,
Act well our part, depart from sin,
And be forever blest.
How rapturous the promise is
To one who on his cross believes,
And trusts his promised.grace!
niTohnow'he will be taken home,
To join the angels round the throne,
In heaven, that blissful , place.
Then let our earnest wishes be,
That Christ, from sin will make us free,
For he is willing ever;
And when we join the ransomed host,
'To Father, Son, and Holy Ghost,
Be all the praise, forever,
The .Good, Pastor
A man full of charity, of humility, and
all the examples of a virtuous pastor. With
out pride, without arrogance and hypocrisy,
there.was a beautiful simplicity in Ills life
,and actions' , a kindness, a gentleness, a
forbearance, haroniously-, combined with
a holy zeal, a never-tiring industry in doing
good to all, thitt marked him out as one of
those chosen shepherds sent by Heaven as a
blessing to some chosen flock. Cheerful
,without levity, he joined in all the innocent
amusements of his simple parishioners, and
happy himself in the consciousness of. a
useful and virtuous life, a.. 5 well as in the
rational anticipation' of a blissful eternity,
he walked among his people ' not as a -shad
ow, darkening all around, but as a suu,
cheering, animating, blessing those who
basked in his smiles.
Careless of his rest and his personal la
bors, he was ready at all times, by day and
by night, to go fbrth to comfort the afflict
ed, relieve the sick, and soothe the dying..
He asked nothing for himself, and gave
every thing to others; labored not in his
own vineward, but in that of his Master,
and the fruits of his exertions soon became
visible, to every eye. A cheerful, innocent
gayety began to appear again in the village ;
the people went forth to their daily occu
pations w,ith smiling hopes, that caused all
to exert themselves in their variouspursuits.
Begging took refuge, in the labors of its
own hands, and found its reward in the
comforts of independence, and the approv
ing smile of the excellent pastor, who never
lost an, opportunity of rebuking the idle, or
applauding the industrious, for well, he
knew that among all classes of mankind,
and especially the laborers, idleness is but
another,name for sin and misery. •
In short, blessed by such an example and
led by such a guide, it was not .long before
Elsinburg became the model of a virtuous
and happy village, and it might be said
with truth, that neither poverty nor vice
*as any longer known among its inhabi
tants. Such are the benefits of a good ex
ample combined with good precepts,and
such the blessings of a pious shepherd, who
fulfills his duties to his Maker, to his crea
tures, and to the holy calling by which lie
is sanctified Wand ennobled.—James
Trn sun rises and sets; the . rrioon waxes
and wanes; stars and planets keep, their
constant motions; the air is tossed by the
winds ; the waters ebb and flow, to their
conservation and purification no doubt, to
•teach us that We would ever be in action.
WHOLE NO. 424.
I CHE 'Bll, ON- t " • . ,
ANOTHER BATTLE 'has been fought be
tween the Garibablians and the troops of
Francis 11. ; the victory remaining with
the patriots, but not without great loss of
life. Previously, as noticed in my last,
Garibaldi's forces had suffered two serious
It is now stated that of one thou-
sand of -his followers, fighting at Cajazzo,
only one hundred escaped, and that by
swimming across the Volturno. The last
conflict was at Santa Maria. The Neapoli-
tans; emboldened by their success at Cajaz
zo, crossed the 'Volturno, and attacked Gar
ibaldi's forces at Caserta,. The object of
the Royalist General was to break the line
of his opponents—which extended from
Saint A • elo
=no ! ; the: an s ofb th these .positions.
liad , his strategy:been crowned with sue
cess; Naples would once more have been at
the, mercy of Bombalino, and like all the
Bourbons, he would have taken a bloody
revenge on all Nviko had deserted his cause
and dynasty. Providence ordered it other-
wise, and " victory along the whole line,"
as telegraphed by Garibaldi, crowned a ter
rible and protracted. conflict. Five thou
sand of the Neapolitan soldiers are said to
have been taken prisoners. < The English
officers who -led the timid Sicilian Tolun
teers, are. said to have beeu all cut off!
Doubtless ' if this be true, it was owing not
only to their innate pluck and bravery, but
to the necessity of, exposing themselves; in
:the leading of such troops, in a way that
imperilled lives. How different would
it have been had a Scotch Highland Regi-
•ment, or English Foot Guards, or the
Connaught Rangers with their war shout,
Faughaballaugh I" been behind them.
The artillery of the Neapolitans seems to
have been far superior to that of the pa
triots,. and much better served. The fol-
Jowing is a sketch of this battle, and its
antecedents, as given the next day, .in a
street oration at Naples, by Gavazzi :
The sucking Bourbon, (he says) , wanted to
spend in Naples, the 4th, his own ete-day. He
had promised his people that he would, and his
people . rubbed.their hands, and went their way re
joicing. What did he do last night? Why, af
ter sending 'his Bavarians on our right further
than Cajazzo, to draw off our attention; at the
same time he brought all his troops, out of Cupua
: ---34,000,men, my children—they sallied forth by
the Neapolitan gate, and debouched along the
main road and the railway. The horse ran on in
front, covering half —a league; then came the
guns ; . the infantry formed the tail. They fell
upon Santa Maria. ,They found 37 men at the
advanced posts-37% against 34,000,! The Sighting
WAS desperate; but reinforeenientS came up, and
then more reinforcements rushed forwalid and
again, and again, passing on in - D. constant . strenin.
The. light was terrible. It lasted five hours ;
but at last victory Was ours. : The Royalists were
routed and fled. But before Cupua they found
Garibaldi lining the' road. Our general bad 41-
• • - -
lowed them , to come out of their burrow and had
merely cut off their retreat. The 84,000 Royal
ists, therefore; found themselves hemmed in by
bayonets. The carnage was fearful. The
wounded were flung into the Vulturno, already
chopked with , c9rpbes. Our slain are avenged.
Aa foritike" lfavarfans, who had .attempted a di
version near Maddaloni,• they were, all killed—
all but eight:who hid`themselves in 'a
mill under
meal bags. Great victory! Vivi Garibaldi!
Extravagant and absurd as it appears,
Aravazzi , s account is borne out by the de
tails that have reached Paris, and 'Which
are as follows:
The Neapolitan general's plan. was very
simple, and ought to have annihilated the
Garibaldians had it been carried out as vigor
ously as it was skillfully devised. His object
was to break their line, which extended from
Santa Angelo to Santa Maria, whilst he turned
the flanks of both these positions.- Owing
their habitual carelessness the Garibaldianshad
a narrow escape. At four in the morning, when
they began .stirring, the commtuticationbetween
Santa Maria and Santa Angelo was already in
terrupted. The fighting commenced immediate
ly—the.Garibaldians resorting to the most infal
lible method of securing victory—disregarding
mancenvres and going right at them. In the
morning, however, the Garibaldians had decid
edly the worst of it. The Royal 'troops gained
possession of a hill which commanded the Geri
baldians' position at Santa Angelo, and mowed
them down-by fifties and hundreds with a plough
ing fire of musketry and grape. At twelve Gar
ibaldi succeeded in rallying his forces, which
were falling back, and inspirited them to such an
extent that they rushed to the fight with such
fury that the Neapolitans, who conceived them
selves masters of the field, were taken aback and
thrown, into confusion. -At three P. M. the Roy
alists fled back to Capita, with the Craribaldians
at their heels, and the day was won. This is
the hardest fought action of Garibaldi's present
campaign; and, according to various accounts, it
is due chiefly to his own personal dash and gallan
try—marching in, front of the troops, and rush
ing forward where the fire was most murderous.
The Anglo-Hungarian brigade, as usual, carried
off all the honors of the day. Colonel Spangaro is
also stated to have greatly distinguished himself;
his brigade capturing no less than seven guns.
The Calabrian and Sicilian levies, which-had nev
er been under fire, are stated to have evinced
great reluctance to receive the bapteme de feu.
Enlistment for Garibaldi is going on at
Belflist, and elsewhere in Ulster, through
the presence of Lieut. Patterson (grandson
of the late Rev. Dr. Stewart, of Brough
shane,) who is one of Garibaldi's stall'',, and
who fought so bravely at Melazzo. Had Mr.
Patterson not been absent from Italy on
this recruiting service, it is almost certain
that he wouldhave been in the'thickest of
the fight at Santa Maria ' "and might thus
have left his widowed mother to mourn for
her son., For myself, I deeply, sympathize
with the Italian patriots, but it grieves me
exceedingly to find young men, going to
Italy as volunteers. Twenty millions of
Italians are perfectly able to secure their
own liberties, and this form of British sym
pathy was not required. Already have
some of our English volunteers at Naples
found their fellow-seldiers in Garibaldi's
regiments—l speak of Sicilians orNeapol
itans—thieves and robbers. Plundered of
their clothing and other property, anti when
oat on service, almost starved—exposed to
wounds and death—demoralizing
all around—surely this volunteering may
well be deprecated. When Italy settles
down with
,a consolidated kingdom, the
English volunteers will not find , themselves
at home, and when theyreturn to their own
country, they-will be, for the most part,
almost unfitted for the walks of business,
and the sole antics of daily life.
M T 1
POPE ' s ALLOCUTION the : Secret
Consistory, is now published, and, as the
Times says, it is . " one, prolonged shriek."
Assuming a Divine, right to the, so-called
" patrimony of • St. Peter,"
,(the real St.
Peter, having " left all "—his hoat and nets
—to " follow " his. Lord,). and taking for
granted that an independent temporal
power is a necessity to =the prosperity of
Christ's. kingdom, the.,. Pope, in good set
Latin, and using
• all the words, of vitupera
tion, objurgation, protestation, detestation,
and denunciation, fills the "air with vehe
ment ,assault on the Sardinian, or, as he
calls it, "The Sub-Alpine Government."
In its . former annexations of Tuscany,
Modena, and the Romagna it had violated
" every law,both human, and Divine,' and
now the,Pope is moved to
,deplore and . bear
,witness against (detvstart) "the new and
unheard of .attempts committed against'us,
against the goly See and the Catholic
LONDON,. October 9, 1860
Publication Office :
A, (8 lines or less,) one insertion, 60 cents; each
subsequent insertion, 40 cents; each line beyond eight, fi eta.
A Square per quarter, $4.00; each line additional, 33 cents.
A RED - U0T101.4 made to advertisers by the year.
BUSINESS NOTICES of TEN lines or less, $l.OO each ad
ditional line, 10 cents.
Church." And so we read further of " im
pious usurpation," "medacious usurpation,"
"perfidious manceuvres," "lying langußge,"
"war and pillage," " glaring impudence
and hypocrisy," "the detestable and sacri
legious attempts of that King and GeVe'rn
merit !" The Pope—or rather Antonelli,
his dictator—further true/id/1 / 4 declares
that the populations of those provinces now
seized upon were 'in the enjoyment of the
most perfect tranquility, and "faithfully
attached to ourselves!" He is very much
enraged that Lomoriciere,'s army should
have been called "mercenaries," of Whoth
great number took service "without receiv
ing any pay, and solely for the love of re
ProviaOnce has fought against the Pope,
but be will not see things in this light,
even while he cries out that " things have
changed almost beyond expectation." What
a marvellous series of retributive provi
deuces have been developed in a little more
than two years. First, the humbling of
Austria on the plains of Italy, by the uni
ted troops of France and Piedmont; the
loss by her of Lombardy; the downfall of
her satraps in the Duchies, an'd the annex
,t'atißit64-g-t-ligittPlloinaina.; the
wrenchiv.• from Francis 11., of Sicily, and
most of Naples; and last of all, this sudden
and overwhelming overthrow of the Pope's
last .prop—Lamoriciere's army ! Verily,
there is a God that judgeth in the earth.
And bow dark are the Pope's prospects for
the future! in vain he calls on the Popish
Potentates of Europe to come to the rescue;
they dare not. In vain he denounces " the
fatal and pernicious principle of non
intervention," thereby striking indirectly
at the French Emperor's position, and in
curring, as is affirmed, the resentment of
the French Government. Even now, he
dares not hurl forth the anathema of " the
greater excommunication against Victor
Emmanuel . , although calling fbr aid against
"the parricidal arms of a degenerate son."
Ere long he will probably leave Rome—
Jerusalem, it is hinted, is to be his head- .
quarters for the rest of his life, (a very
suggestive spot, recalling the printative
purity of the Church, when there were no
Popes) and if he is not himself the last
of the Popes, the Emperor has a Bonaparte
relative among the Ecclesiastics, and occu
pying the Eternal City, he will keep the
'place warm for Pio Nono's successor. It
is a sure sign of a doomed man and system,
when we find the Pope awl his abettors
impenitent idolators and blasphemers.
Mariolatry was crowned by this Pope
by the new article of faith, the Im
maculate Conception—thus exalting the
Virgin' to the place of Deity himself; and
now, in the close of his Alloeution,we find
him, While urging 'that prayers be offered
to God for deliverance, saying, "let us not
cease to offer up assiduously our most fer
vent prayers, imploring, above all, the most
Holy and Immaculate Mother of God."
Delenda est Roma; and perish she shall
in the day of the Lord's fierce auger.
Naples, have received a fresh revelation
from visits paid by Lord Llanover to the
dungeons - in which political prisoners were
formerly, confined. The description given
is truly horrifying, as to the filthy dens in
which patriots were left to rot, without
light, with 'scardely any food or air,
often- without One wretched man
was almoSt devoured - by rats;
the prisoners
were chained two by two, and never sepa
rated, day or night. The fiendish ingenuity
of the late King was displayed in the inven
tion of new tortures, including a deep-dug dry
well, in-which 'a man could stand upright,
but could not move or take any repose.
And yet this man was a devotee—a dear son
of the Holy Father, repeatedly embraced
by him, and receiving once and again his
" Apostolic" blessing.
.VIOLENT STORMS have raged here, both
by land and sea. " In Ireland they "shook"
the, corn, which is yet standing in many
places, and in Scotland trees were.uprooted
and buildings thrown down. At sea, fish
ermen lost their valuable nets, and some of
them perished; and
.yesterday, at Lloyd's,
London, not less than sixty vessels were
reported as wrecked in the Baltic. At
present the weather is beautiful, and the
corn in the late districts is being rapidly
gathered in from the fields.
TILE AFFAIRS or SYRIA have entered on
a new.phase. It is now clearly ascertained
that' it was owing to the firmness of the
EngliSh. Envoy, Lord Dufferin, that the
Governor of Damascus, and other Turkish
officers high in rank, were executed in Da
,But even after the extensive exe
cutions, and the deportation from Damascus
of the most of the male Moslem population,
the Christians who have been invited to re
turn thither are afraid to do so. Fuad
Pasha desires that they should occupy Mo
hammedan dwellings, instead of those which
were once their own, in the Christian
quarter of the city. This enrages the
Moslems. The Druses also are now to be
reckoned for their cruelties. A number of
their chiefs have been arrested, among
whoth is the Druse Carmacau, (or principal
man,) and many of the most influential
men of the mountain. They have been
sent, by order of Fuad Pasha, to be tried
before the extraordinary tribunal constitu
ted at t.eyrout. This measure has pro
duneil a.great effect among the. Christians,
and has spread a panic among the Druses.
In: addition to this, the French expedition
force have marched on Deir-el Kamar,
to"act in the mountain districts in concert
with Turkish troops under the Extraordi
nary Commissioner of the Ottoman Porte.
The French Moulton-, of the 6th inst.,
giVes us these facts, and adds:
't As to confidence, it only, as yet, exists
under the shelter of our bayonets ; all the
Christians are disposed to follow the expe
ditionary corps into the villages as soon as
it marches forward.' The General in com
mand has taken measures for the protection
of the French twist manufacturers. The
wisdom and the energy of the chiefs of the
Franco-Turkish army allow us to hope that
the moment approaches when a solution,
dearly bought, will be the reward of so
many .efforts."
It is affirmed that the period is not- far
away. when the ;French troops shall have
completed their task and retired from Pales
tine.= But who shall say that new outAreaks
. may nOt take place, or that, if the Empeigr
desire it, pretence cannot be found for NM
tinned military occupation ? As it-is, he is
doing a good work, and we roust believe the
best of him, even though he is vindicating
himself' as the hereditary . protector of the
Latin Church in the East.
FATHER CUENIQUY is still in Scotland,
and; is receiving many tokens of practical
sympathy. He delivered his concluding
address' at> Edinburgh, last week, in the
new Assembly Hall, the theme being
" Answers to the Arguments of Roman
ists." Referring to the supremacy of the
Pope, he regarded it as " a horrid blas
phemy." " When the 'Pope was LL '
crated, he AN , as Verne on the shoulders ,of, and set upon the altar. Where
Itomanists believe that the body. of Christ
is _kept in silver box, and the box which
contains Christ is taken away to . giVe place
to the Pope - and - the`Caidinal turns - to the
people - ,and *says :Anita actorate ):
Come and .adore ore ! that holy:Tope I' i‘ These