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PITTSBURGH, SittIRDAY, SERBiliiitit 10860.
Itirtyright new .studentt 'have entered
ntai fhe Presbytery of
Ohio, erg requested to 'send reports to Rev.
GEo. MAREardErk, b,, Upper St. Clair,
Pa., that le day make out a report from
Presbytery tiVe Synod. Send soon.
The Hoord of Co'podia of the Synods of
Pittsburgh and Allegheny, will hold its
aemi-annual meeting in the Presbyterian
Rooms, St. Clair Street., Pittsburgh, on
Thursday, the 27th inst.. at 2 o'clock P.M.
A full attendance is requested.
JAMES CAROTHERS. President.
New Church Organized.—A Committee of
the Presbytery of Allegheny City organ
ized a new Church near Courtney's Station,
on the 'Pittsburgh, Fort. Wayne and Chi
cago Railroad, on Friday, the 7th inst,
consisting of twenty-one members. A con
siderable amount of property in this vi
cinity is abont;ooming into market, and in
a inw years ,there will most probably be a
large population at 'this point. The name
of the new organization is Emsworth, the
name of the Courtney Farm as originally
patented at this land office.
END OF A VOLUME,
The present number completes the
eighth volume of the Presbyterian 8a?...
ner. A' prompt renewal of subscriptiots
is earnestly desired. We wish also an
increase. Will not our friends help us?
We press the more urgently, from a
confidence that the subscriber is amply re-'
munerated ; and'that whoever induces his
neighbor to .take
,the Banner, confers a
very great benefit upon that, neighbor and
his family.. . •
We cannot premise rewards and pre
mium& Our terms are too low for that;
but we trust that ministers and elders, and
all good,men, women, and children will,aid
us from a principle of love. Sustain THE
" We would remind our subscribers that
obituaries must be paid for at the rate , of'
five cents per line of nine - words, payment
in advance. , The simple •announcement of
the death will not be charged for. Pay
ment invariably to be forwarded with the
manuscript, as -we can not open accounts
for such items."--Presbyterian, Sept. .Ist.
"We- find' it necessary to remind our
friends that , we have adopted the same rule
in regard to obituaries. Those sending
these notices must invariably send the pay
in advande. This rule has not been at
tended to in a few cases."—Presbyter, Sep
tember 6th. '
In the above extracts our readers will
see that'we are not singular in making 'a`
charge for obituary notices, which extend,
beyond the. announcement. Nor ram Pres.:
byterian 'papers Singular. It is a custom,
,to be regarded as reasonable.
Some of,our contemporaries charge for the
simple .announcement, and for marriage
notices, land for notices of meeetings of
Presbyteries, Synods, &c., all of which we
give gratuitously. Printers of Presbyterian
papers do a great deal of work for which
they send no'bills.
THE - NEW SCHOOL SOUTH,
This body, though small, must not be
entirely: forgotten. They still strive to
maintain their distinctive features, a.nd• a
serperpetitation. Their organ, the Knox
v Ile Witness, in a late number, presents a
letter from Rev. Dr. BOYD, relative to their
"You are aware that the United Synod
determined at its meeting in Lynchburg
in May, 1859, to locate the Seminary near
the University of Virginia. This location
vas selected because it Was thought tint,
apart from the influence which an institu
tion of the kind, would be likely to have
upon so.' large a body of Southern young
men as are assembled at the University of
Virginia, the benefits resulting from at
ieudance :upon the 'lectures of the Profes
sors of the University by, our Theological
students would be great, and would be a
compensation for the increased expense
that must be incurred at that place.
" Application was accordingly made to
the Board of Visitors at Its meeting in
1859 and 1860, to permit "our Theological
students to attend the lectures of the Pro
fessors without charge, and also to have the
use of the library of the University- upon
the terms prescribed for 'the students of
the University. To , our great surprise the
Board of Visitors, by a majority of two,
have declined to accede to our proposition."
Some $40,000 are still needed for the
Last week Dr: Cox delivered a couple cot
aecturei in the Lecture Room of Dr, raiia.
I.l°B church, Allegheny, that, should alarm
'the drinkers of beer and liquors, and awa
ken concerted - movement throughout the
entire community against the farther pro
gross of the drinking habits that have been
so greatly revived among us. Because, if
the Dr.-be a true man, as he is generally
supposed to be, and if the tests are reliable,
which can he easily determined, most of
what is now drunk under the names of
beer r whisky, brandy, and wine, is nothing
less than diluted poison—and not so very
diluted after all.
He Pitnounceda'specimen of Lager beer,
from one of the, most popular establish
ments for , that of manufacture in Al
legheny, to have in its ingredients tobacco,
instead of'hops. A bottle of whisky, ob- :
obtained from one of the most respectable
liquor dealers in Pittsburgh, was found to,
contain a large amount, of sulphuric acid.
With respect 'to - brandy, he said that in
stead 'of being made from wine, its base
was generally bad whisky, containing sweet
spirits of nitre, sulphuric acid, lead, lime,
chloroform, and other ingredients. , In
wine b,e i had found arsenic. SuOate of
zinc was Very, common in gin. Strychnine
was a most powerful stimulant, and would,
make one barrel of liquor go as far as four.
He had examined a specimen of imported
old Cogniac, and discovered it to have
whisky ,ati a,base, with fuzz? oil, sulphuric
acid,,chloroform, pepper, &c. In view of
these , factsi why will people continue :to
use slid' . maddening and death-dealing
p r epiTatious any longer? And Irby is
the community so regardless of sueh.fearfol,
WASHINGTON COLLEGE, PA;
The exercises preparatory to the late
Commencement in Washington` College,
began on Sabbath, September 2d. On the
morning of that day, the Baccalaureate
Sermon was preached by the President,
Rev. JORN W. SCOTT, D.D., from I. Kings
ii: 2--“ Shew thyself a man." In the
evening Rev. Wm. M. FERGUSON preached
to the Society of Religious Inquiry, from
Luke viii : 35—“ Sitting at the feet of
Jesus." These texts were admirably
adapted to the'occasion, and, we doubt not,
were the foundations of sermons in a high
degree appropriate. We heard them so
spoken of by persons who were present,
and we should so expect from our knowl
edge of the preachers. Both are sound
evangelical" men, and each throws a whole
heart into his ministry for Jesus.
We did not. reach Washington till noon
on Tuesday, when we were doomed, with
multitudes of others, to a sad disappoint
ment. The Literary Societies were to have
been addressed, that, evening, by Rev. R.
J. BRECKINRIDOE, D.D., and they, with
the citizens, and many strangers, had been
anticipating a feast. But the speaker did
Dr. BI EOKINRIDGE was prevented by
sickness in his family from fulfilling his
enf , agement. • A large audience, however,
assembled on that evening, to hear the val
,edittory addresses of members of the Grad
'lei ding Class, to their, respective Societies,
awl responses to the same. All these per
romances were highly creditable to the
young gentlemen concerned. The Union
Literary Society was represented by H. G.
BLAYNEY, and. G. W. RIGGLE and the
hiashineton Society by Wm. 'S. EAGLESON,
and R. W. DAwsoN. At the close oi these
zercises an , admirable address was deliver
ed to the members of the Class of 1857,
who were present; by Mr. HENRY Woons,
a member , of the class, previously chosen
by them for this purpose.
The exercises of the Commencement
proper were held on Wednesday, Septem
ber sth. Rev. SAMuxL WILSON, D.D., of
Dunlap's" Creek, led in prayer. Addresses
were delivered by twelve members of the
Graduating Class. Distinctions were
awarded to five of the Class, in the order
we namethem: A. NEWELL, J. E. ED
MONDS, J. L. MILLIGAN, S. M`. HENDER
SON, and T. D. EWING. The speaking on
the occasion was excellent. In naturalnesti
we may have heard it excelled, but in full
ness of voice and diitinetness of enuncia
tion, it was far beyond what is customary
on such. occasions. The composition also
was fine, and the thoughts good: Of
all this, and especially of the distinctness
of their utterance . , the young men had be
fore theM the most convincing evidence.
The immense audience was silent and at
tentive. This thought should be impressed
upon every man who would occupy the pul
pit or the platform, or who"would rise in
a • deliberative assembly. It is, mainly, for
the speaker to preserve order. A sense of
propriety may be powerful for a while, but
an audience' soon become tired of sitting
still and hearing 'nothing., They must j , be
entertained by the speaker, or they will
entertain themselves in talking, or they
will fall asleep. From the specimen we
had on the stage at Washington, we think
that those young men are not likely to speak
to a sleeping or a talking_ audience.
The first degree in the Arts was conferred
by President Sect -TT, upon the following
thirty-one young gentlemen, who comprised
the Senior Class, viz.:
J. W. Allen, Belmont County, Ohio ; L.
Anderson, Emlinton, Pa.; Henry G. Blayney,
Ohio, County, Va.; J. Mc. Blayney, Ohio County,
Va:- ' • W. L. Boyd, Monroe County, Ohio ; Wm.
1. Childs, Pittsburgh, Pa.;' Wm. S. Eagleson,
!luffalo, Pa.; T. E. Edmonds, Piqua, Ohio; T.
1 .). Ewing, Jacksonville, Pa.; Henry Gantz,
't Tashington County, Pa.; Samuel Graham, Clar
ion County, Pn.; Samuel T. Griffith; Washington,
Pa.; J, J. Hazlett, Jacksonville,'Pa.; Samuel M.
Henderson, Boweratown, Ohio; Wm. Jack, Jack
sonville, Pa.; James Lafferty, Pittsburgh, Pa.;
David. Hull Laverty, Wellsville, Ohio; 'Edward.
Payson Lewis, Washington, Pa.;. B. J. McGreg4.
or, Belmont County, Ohio •, David A. McKnight.,
Washington County, Pa.; J. F. Martin, Mechan
icsburg, Pa.; J. M. Maxwell, Freeman's Land
ing, Va.; John C. Meloy, West Middletown; Pa.;
Wm. T. Meloy, West Middletown; Pa.; J. L.
Milligan, Ickesburg, Pa.; Henry A. Newell,
Paris, Ill.; Benjamin F. Powelson, .Lake Spring,
Mo;; John B. Reed, Buffalo, Pa.; B. S. Sloan,
Rural Valley, Pa.; H. H.. White, Saltsburg, Pa.;
D. C. Wilson, Indiana, Pa.
The degree of A. M. :was conferred in
course upon the class of three years stand
ing viz,: •
J. W. Acheson, Richard Carson, Samuel. "Conn,
Geo. K. Cracraft, Chas. P. -French, Wzn, A. Han
way; Joseph Rays, S. P. Kinkaid, S. G. McFar
land, J. R. Marshall, Samuel Ramsey, J. P. Rep
pert, John R. Sherrth:d. Jno P. P. Stoektctn,
Jas. W. Warden, Joseph Waugh, Freileric
Wines, Henry Woods.
The honorary degree of A. M. - was con
Mr. Benjamin Shoemaker, .Profettator elect in
the Maryland Agricultural 'College, 'and on Dr,
J. D. White, of Philadelphia.
The degree of D.D. was conforred upon
tev. R. P. Westbrook, Philndelible., Pa:; Rev.
Nunes W. McKerman, Frankfort, Pa.; Rev. Isatte
Greer, Miftlinsburg, Pa.; and Rev. John = Scott,
The congregation was dismissed with the
benediction, by Rev. J. J.' MARKS, D.D.
The prospects of Washington. College
were presented as being quite favorable.
The late Senior Class was the largest which
has ever left the institution ; and one ele
ment of strength to a College, always, is
the number of its graduates. Of :this class,
twenty have the Christian ministry in view.
The Chair, of Mathematics, so acceptably
occupied by Prof ALRICR, for some twenty
nine years, is temporarily filled by an ex-
cellent young man from the Western Theo-'logical Seminary'. The Department of
Natural History, ably conducted by Prof
BREWER, who retires, is to be under the
direction of Prof. WEBSTER, whose name
is most favorably recommended.. The Chair
of :Latin will be filled by a suitable teacher,
till a permanent professor may be chosen.
Expecting a communication, shortly,
relative to the condition and interests of
the Institution, from a source whence full
and reliable information may proceed, we
suspend our 'own remarks. '
While we utterly repudiate a union of
Church and State, and all internieddling,
the one with the other, we are yet pleased
to see mutual acts of courtesy and kindness
toward each other, on the part of their
functionaries. It is perfectly heooming in
the ministers of a city to volunteer a chap
laincy fO' Congress, or to a State Legisla
ture, and it is equally proper and praise.
Worthifen• a public officer to afford to
miniver ilia-mesas of personal 'emxifort, or
•; AN BANNER.---SA'TT_TRDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1860.
facilities for prosecuting; the 'duties of his
The kindness we nowiotiee is theiender
of a chaplaincy to Rev. S. B. MCPIIEETERS,
D.D., of St. Louis, Mo., which his congre
gation have granted him leave, for a year,
to accept.. Dr. MOPHEETERS' health has,
for some time, been very feeble. He goes
to Fort Union, New Mexico, where there
ie a delightful climate, and where he will
have a temporary field of usefulness in the
army, while enjoying the means of recu
perating his physical constitution. •
WESTERN THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY.
This institution was opened on Monday,
the 10th, for the reception of students,
and thirty-three young gentlemen entered
regularly. The professors were all present;
and a large number of, the members 'of last
'year's Middle and Junior Classes were
promptly in the Hall, ready to resume
their important work.
On Tuesday the Faculty and students,
with a number, of the Directors and other
friends of the Seminary, convened to ; hear
the, opening address, .by Prof. WILSON.
Bev. Dr. ELLIOTT presided. ReV. Dr.
GRAHAM, Reformed Presbyterian minister
of Liverpool, , England, led in prayer.
Prof. • WlLsort's address was brief, able,
learned, earnest, eloqnent It was a most
happy rnanifelstation of the doctrine which
he taught ' Its- practical value was nianii
fest to the audience by, the living example
before them. This augurs well'for a session
of vast improvement
Prof. WrLsores subject was; " HABITS
That every man Shall form good- habits
is of vast importance. Habits guide the
life. This is most emphatically true of the
minister. The student must have a perfect
control of his mind. This is an acquired
power; or rather, a habit: To, attain it
there must be mental• discipline, fixedness
of attention, repetition of eflOrt, concentra
tion of energies. Concentration is the
great secret of success. Study must so
grow into a habit that it shall become de
lightful, the mind's pleasure, the Soul's
joy., Study baptized with the spirit 'of
prayer, and consecrated to Christ, is mot
antagonistic' to a true religious fervor, but.
conduCive 'of it. •
The frst great point to be gained, then, is
to form such habits of • study that intellec
tual exertion will be sidelight..: ,:The.second
great point is accuracy and thoroughness.
One well digested, prinCiple or, truth,
said the speaker, is worth five hundred
crudities and half-formed conceptions. To
thus fix our knowledge the pen is of great
service. Dr. , ARCHIBALD ALEXANDER
used to tell his students to use the pen
daily. e 4 Writing makes . a ready man"
Cicero dwelt upon the importance of this
to all who would be accurate thinkers.
Writing, like study, must 'become a pleas
Again, fliers must be A 1 3 1)111.08z in
our studies—a Aefinite • end must .be, con
templated—something useful, houorable,
worthy of the - man, and beneficial to his
And then we must have SYSTEst—a
method,•by which. to reach. that purpose.
This will keep us from wasting our powers,
and frittering away our energies. Method
will also enable us to turn all our knowl
edge to account. When we get a new idea
we will know what to do with it--where to
These habits, must be formed—forined
while you are at the Seminat;Y. You must
address yourselves to hard work, and per
severe till you love it. Labor is an ordi
nance of God. Geniui cannot take its
place. All who would be 'useful must work
earnestly, untiringly. What the world
calls genius, is but the evidence of well
directed toil. •
Seek your happiness in your work: If.
you do not find it there you will seek-for it
in vain elsewhere. If students have Come
to this Seminary dreamina of .ease and
idleness, they have come, to the wrong
Place. We have no room here for idlers.'
" In the sweat of thy face "• was the con
dition of success proposed to' man, imme
iliately on his fall,` and it is a: condition
unchanged. Sir, ISAAC NEWTON said he
made his acquisitions by constantly think-.
ing. He persevered; , added little to, little.,
.till in the end, he realized• acq . uisitionsi im
mense. If any (4 these young men shall
find room here for ease, his epitaph m_ ay be
written at once. It is very brief—"pied
The theological student looks forward to
a work, the like of which is not on earth
—a work which will, reqUire all his powers,
when cultivated to the highest degree prac-,
ticable, and drawn out to their utmost ten
siOn. Let him note it now. Life is a sol
"emu thing Meet your; responsibilities.
The world must be redeemed by the Gospel,
and you are ,to , be the heralds. The Chris,
tian• ministry is to do:it, l and you are being
formed into that ministry. • '
After the address, foir additional 'stu
dents were 'received, 'm king,'on the ~ two
days, thirty-seven matrie totes. This is the
highest number ever rec ived at the open
ing of a session. The r turn of last year's
students is alio larger tkan• has been custo
mary at a peried so earli: t
The Professor elect t the Fifth Chair,
Rev. WILLIAM M. P XXON, D.D., was'
present. We, have not , heard of a day as
fixed for his inauguration. It may possi
bly be deferred till tl i m , ineeting.of the
Synod of Allegheny, which will occur
shortly. ' ,
A PROPRECY,op INIANNED.
MOHAMMED seems to have been aware
that the religion which he was founding,
would'not be perpetual. :He had •some fa
miliarity with the Scriptures, and a degree
of capability for appreciating them. Many
things in his system he drew thence, but
with great perversions. Among other
things he studied the prophecies, and there
learned of the coming prevalence and of
the perpetuity of the 'Kingdom of Christ.
Hence, of course, his own must decline.
This is remarkably noticed, in a recent let
ter of ADD-EL-BADER, to the Bergin Bart's,
an Arabic journal published in France. ,
We give, from an exchange, a portion of
' "Your advice, might be listened .to if
you were speaking 'to the living, but you
are talking to ,the dead. Mussulman sov
ereigns ought to love juytiae, - but " . we
are fir from this. The actual' state Of the'
Chrititian Mohainmedinlmireri' wag 'Pie=
dieted by MottA:mmit , . 1T announced the
fall of the emsAits-L:and there are no Cz
,SARS. Ile said, filiavillat the''Ohritian".kings
would maintain themselves to the end of
all ages; and that the kings of his people
would be deserted by God on account of
their injustice and their love of the goods
of this life. He said, too, that .the world
Would not come to an end till the majority
of mankind "had .become Christians. And
this ,must come to pass, for according to.
MISLAAI, the authorised expounder Of MO
HAMMED, the Christians hive foUr qualities
which insure their success in the future;
clemency in yieoy, resistance under de
feat; enemy renewing the &It, and be
nevo,ence to the poor, 'the weak, and the
.I will add, for myself, that, to'
these they add another greater gift,---that
of knowledge hOw to shake' off, when it is
necessary, the injustice' nd the oppression
of their kings. weep; 0 my` God over
the prostration of IsLA.m. At this moment
a fearful trouble reignS betieen the'Drises
and the Maronites. ECery where the evil
has deep roots: They are killing and slay
hug one another everywhere. God grant a
better end to ail these things. Yours in
poverty, but rich before God"
Comparisons are odious. So says the old
saw, and it is, right as regards a large class
of Ahem. The North Carolina Presbyte
rian,` in one'of its gratuitous efforts'to in
jure us, perpetrates the following :
The Board cannot afford to have an insufficient
or an inefficient force in'the office. The Minutes
Of the Aisembly show that the entire contribu
tiens to the Dontestic Board by the Synod of
Pittsburgh, to which the Editor belongs, amount
for the, year , to !$8,617. Granting that, all the
ministers in Wet Synod are like-minded With Dr.
McKinney (and we know some tato are not) let
us compare that 'amount with the contributions
of some other , parts of the Church which demand
an Iffleient and liberal policy. The Presbytery of
New-York pity contributes $14,396—0r four,
times - as much r --tiftfugh • the Presbytery has only
7,002 - members and the Synod has' 18,107
There are'two or three single churches which de
mand'two Secretaries, and which , give more to
the Board than the two" or three entire Synods
which this injurious agitation has been, carried
,on by the Banner's agency., Dr. Phillips' church
gives $5,765 'and the Banner's own Presbytery
only $1,986. D. POtts' $4,408, Dr. MeElroy's
sl,69B—while' the Banner's Ohio and Western
Pennsylvania Presbyteries which have,made all
this.noise in the columns of the Banner do,not give
a fourthof the amount. • The Presbytery
Nassau which insists upon retaining Dr. Banner
sett ,gives' more' than any Presbytery in Dr:
McKinney's Synod or in any of the neighboring
Synods in which his paper circulates.
On this out-burst.we wish to make a few
remarks: - •
WehaVe been steady friends Of TlllS
gone, and uniform contributors, ever
we knew anything of the real value of re
ligion; and..we' have habitually given
through' the Boards.'
2. Weure,gratified to, see the
, high dal):
dard selected, with, whiph to compare our.
Synod—even, the!wealthy and liberal New-
York. It is true that in one case a single
church, Dr. Phillips', is selected, against a
whole Synod.. But let it be 'noted that
that church is immensely rich--probably
worth greatly more ,than the whole Synbd
of " . Pittsburgh, and handling , five times, or
ten times, the amount of ready cash. And
that church has but one Minister and about
three hUndred families to
'the congregations of our Synod support
104.. ministers; and about seven thou
sand hmilies. Supposing then the wealth
of the Synod, and the congregation to be'
the seine, what an immense,burden has the
Synod to bear, beyond that of the congre
gatibn ? And hence, how much more
largely ought the congregation to contrib
ute ? lt znay, well contribute of its abun
dance, and still be less liberal than, the
Syned,, even though the Synod. but sus
tained its, own. '
3. Neither. the liberality nor the parsi
mony of ,the Synod of Pittsburgh' depends
on the Banner. Our ministers and church
cs have minds and emotions of their own,
and`-they give; or withhold, according to
their j udgMen t an d piety.
4. If we, might feel any resPonSibility
for the influence of, the Banner, as to con
tributions to the Domestic Board, we have
no cause•of shame, in comparison with oth
ers:"Carlisle Presbytery, where the Ban
ner circulates extensively, givcs to the
Board $1,561, beyond what" is: draws out.'
The Presbyteries of Efuntitwdon and Ohio
'where the,Bauner has ,a very large circula
tion, cive the 'one $960 ;more than supplies
its own destitutions, 'and the 'other $795.
Where, cxcept , New:±ork First, do we find'
three Presbyteries equal to them ? Troy .
gives $976; and. New-York Second, 950.
But where do we 'find any others to approx
imate: them ? "Even Philadelphia, the seat
of the Boaid and the field of two Secreta
ries! operation,s, gave, last year, but , $lOB,
beyond supplying its own calls ! Yea, and
the bcasted Presbytery of Nassau, embrac
ing the farm') and wealthy city of Brook
lyn, gare but $91.11.
And if T we look at Synods, we still have
no 'cause to blush. The Synod of Pitts
burgh, embracing a very extensive moun
tainous region, settled by the Boor, sup
plies its own wants, and leaves $1,176 in the.
Board's;:treasury. Where; excePt, New-
York, do 'you find its equal. The Synod of
Philadelphia leaves but $443 'in the treas
ury; and . the. Synod of North Carolina,
where our pensorious contemporaryhas.the
almest entire journalistic influence, fails
to `supply it's 'own—yea; draws $1,069 from
the 'Board More thin it puts in. t This is,
the true' test. North Carolina is exhaus
tive 'upon the " Board • Pittsburgh takes
good,care of all its owa, and yet replenish
But 'still, while the region in which it is
our privilege to he road, does not lade in
comparison with the best, we yet confess
that it hail nought whereof to boast in the
way of, liberality. But it has this excuse.
It attends 'well to its arm household. It is
diyided into small congregations, that the
poor, who must go afoot, may reach the
house of God. It has ience many pastors
*The North Carolina Presbyterian, of July 28th,
pretending to comment on our report of the June
meeting of the Board of Missions, made some
personal remarks, neither justified nor called for
by our article. These, were copied, in part, .by
the Presbyterian Herald, and the Presbyter, and
again printed in the North Carolina. We sent to
the; editor a short letter, noting a few of his mis
takes, and asking him, as our defense, to publish
our, article, Which he had professed to criticise.
He promised 'to do so, but kept not his promise.'
In his issue"cif 'Septemberlst, he published our
brief letter; with a long tirade of misrepresenta
tions and perionalities, and closed by refusing us
his columns' in defense. 'We trust that no one
will infer from our silence ' as he himself did on
a former ()cession, that, his statements are cor
rect,. The most of them, and emphatically what
he says 'about a "contract" with the Presby'te
grossly ndorreet--unti - lie.
We got our figures frotn the Board's TABLE,
in the 4fOnte..ang Foreign. Record, for, September.
'Large baltineeiitt favor of the Synods of Ala
bama and Missiiisippi, appear im this Table, but
it is to be noted that the money is not under the
control of, ad Board. It lielonge't6 the Smith
Webtern ',lrdirAritroni'itittb`4 '
to support; and these: pastors have low
salaries; so that neither pastors nor con
gregations . can give largely. But yet;
greatly more might be done, and should be
done. And something more would be done,
if contributions were not wasted on super
numerary officers in the Board. It is hard
for pastors who are stinted to $5OO a year,
for self, wife, children, library, travelling
expenses, '&e., &c., to give; and hard for
them to ask their hard toiling people to
give, when they 'know . that ttio Secretaries
are employed at $2,000 a year, each, where
there is'work for but one ; and that these
Secretaries have their expenses paid, when
they , wish to, enjoy a jaunt to Baltiinore,
New-York, ,Boston, Albany, the Prairies,
or the South. Give us and ceopmnical and
wise use of sacred funds, :and we will give,
not only more cheerfully; but more -liber
ally: 'Where money is wasted, it is an im
position to ask the day laborer for his dol,
lar, and the poor widow for her dime. -
And is it impudence? or what is it; in
our contemporary, in view of the above
showing, to boast of its own region, or
even of Philadelphia, and to disparage the
Synod of Pittsburgh ?
The assertion that the first church, New-
York, is in favor of the, expensive scheine
of the Board, we regard as a mistake.
We have the best possible reason to know
that the honored pastor of that' church
sympathises with us in our views of econo
my and efficiency. And yet he gives to
this Board, $5,765; while . Dr. M'Butov,
who is opposed to, us, with one, hundred and
fiftY-five more church members than his
neighbor, gives but $1,693.' Verily the
Banner's principle is the handmaid to lib
erality. No man wishes. to see his bounty
wasted upon sinecures.. But. •why does Dr.
I PaiLLIPs still give so liberally ? He does
it on principle. He loves the cause.
And he may also feel, as we suggeated
months ago. We all, know that if you
'Send to your laborer his dinner, by a person
Who Will eat, or lose half of it by the way,
you must send a double portion, or your
laborer will suffer. .;'So'lve say again to
the churches inasmuch as you convey to
the missionaries by a leaky, channel, dis
patch an extra quantity,. till You can have
the breaches repaired. The fault is yours
if the waste shall continue. Then make
up the waste, or stop the leak.
TILE WEAVERS IN HONS.
Our ladies who flourish in their silk, but
little think; and perhaps dO,not knew, the
Roverty, misery, and toil, which, are con
nected with the production of the beautiful
fabric with • which they are .habited. Dr.
LErnoux, in one Of is letters, speaks`
thus of Lyons and the silk manufactories
"Lyons lies between the Rhone and
Saone, extending from one to the other,
contains a population of, near three hun
'dred thousand, and is the chief_manufac
taring city of France. Its choice velvets
and silks are well ..known to ladies who
may lappert to like handsome cloaks and
dresses, the world over- In company with
our .Carolina acquaintances we gratified
our curiosity by going to see the process of
making these fine. fabrics;, and I may, say.
to our fair countrywomen who float through
our "city streets, and elegant saloons in,
these 'beautiful and costly products, that
they can form but little idea, of the misera
ble abodes froth. which such luxuries come:
The building to which we were conducted
is fourteen stories high, and having made
our way through the, low and dismal en-,
trance to it, and climbed, some ten or a
.dozen dark and dirty flights of stone steps,
we were shown into a small, dreary apart
ment,.where, amid hot fetid ,air,. the wan,
weaver, was plying his shuttle., Here,,in
this stifling den, badly paid and badly fed,,
the poor, artificer toils "from morn to noon,
from noon to dewy eve,"' on the material
which is to adorn' vanity and beauty in the
saloons of wealth and gaiety. Silk manu-.
facturing is not conducted, as I had, sup
posed, by : machinery, or in great caravan
series like our cotton mills,. The, weaving
is•dene by hand, and each operative pursues
his little , business wherever his preference
or his scanty means may wherever
chant employing asmany of them as his trade
calls. for. The weaver. himself has no part
in devising the beautiful . , patterns which
adorn his textures.. These .are . ,provided
,by an. artist, in such a way that by
a system of ingeniously arranged perforated
cards, each hole receiving :.a hook attached
_particular thread, he has nothing to
do but to ply his shuttle, and there comes
from his loom the richly figured fabric,
almost ready for the . shops. . There are in
this city not 'far .from _eighty thousand of
these weavers, and the raw material whiCh
they work, up comes not only from various
parts of France, bukalso from Italy, Tor- .
key, India, and. China. The ..Lyous silk
weavers have borne the reputation of rather
-a turbulent class. Whilst weaving silks
they have Also sometimes woven. revolu
tionary,plots. Those Solitary,dens to ;which
they are :consigned lay: their toilsome life
affords ample opportunity for cogitations,
which, when the eighty thousand have the
opportunity to consolidate, are found to be
rife,: with .red .republicanism. -It is said
that the, frowning fertress on yonder hill
has beenmade considerably ,stronger, with
a viewto firilig down ppm' the weavers, if.
occasion should , require, '
yor the. Prembyierian.Banner.
Report' of H. Childs,
Treasurer of the Board of Foreign Missions, for
:August, 1860." •
Blairsville Presbytery:, Ebensburg, congrega
tion, $18.00; Little Girls' Missionary Society,
Ebeniburg, 28.00; Union, 17100. .$63.00:
Ohio Presbytery: 'Hopewell cong., $ll.BB
Lebanon, to constitute Henry Large a Life Mem
ber, balance ($5.00) for Home and Foreign Rec
ord, 35.00; Concord, 10.00. $56.38.
Washington Preshyteiii BuidettatOwn cong.,
$18.00; Lower Buffalo, 6.00: Cross Creek, 58.-
06; Cross Roads, 34.07; ; .New. Cumberland;
Redstone Presbytery: - Brownsville and Little.
Redstone ; , eong., $20.25; ,Melieesport, Fist
church, ad., 2.50; Mt. Pleasant Cong., 45.00.
Saltsburg Presbytery: Clarksburg congrega
Erie Presbytery :. Sturgeonville eong., $B.OO ;
Gravel Run, 5.00; Washington, 5.00. $lB.OO.
Allegheny City Prosbytery :Bharpsburg cong.,
$23.10: • ' -
Steul;6ville Presbytery: Centre Unity tong.;
$O.OO. - ,
St. Clairsville Presbytery : Cadiz:congregation,
Coshocton Presbyter3r: Apple Creek cont.,
$26.00; Clark, 6.00. $32.00. "
Wooster Presbytery i Chippewa oong., $B.OO ;
Jackson, 0.40. $17.40. • .
Fort Wayne Presbytery: Pleasant. Ridge
tong., Sabbath School in part, 75c.
E. Ogden, for Foreign Missions, $16.00.
H. Cnuns, Receiving Agent.
PittaburgA, September 1, 1860.
MESSRS: 'EDITORS :--Please acknowledges the
following donations to the, Board of Colportage
during : he month of August:
Rehoboth church,. Redstone Presbytery—s3s.BB
Uniontown " " 20410
Leechburg Saltsburg " 20:50
Per the Presbyterian. Ihtneer
BOSTON AND NEW-ENGLAND
Much is said now-a-days about the SU
PERFICIAL CHARACTEE OF THE EDUCA
TION OF THE AGE, the wide-spread habit of
novel reading to the exclusion of the.solid
and substantial, and the want of deep and
careful thought. This is no doubt true in
part, but only in part. -Whilst there is, a
large number to which this will apply,
there is, probably a larger class than at any
'previous time, of patient scholars, deep
t thinkers, and most thorough investigators.
If it were .not so, there would not be such
a large demand for the learned and able
works pUblished by the house of Messrs.
Gould & Lincoln, of Boston. They issue
nothing light, and trashy, but the most
sterling works of literature, history, .the
ology, and scienee, in all its various depart
ments. Of' this, their advertisements and
our book notices contain most ample evi
deuce. This week we have a notice of the
" Prolegomena .Logica," by Prof. •Mansell,
,a work of great discrimination and singu
lar ability. In a few days they will issue ,
" Lectures on Logic," by. Sir William Ham
ilton. This master in mental science treats
the entire subject of logic in a thorough
manner, in thirty ohapters; while the, Ap
pendix will a large number of val
uable papers, the fruits of his' abors and
researches in this, department of learning,
and.'especially exhibiting the latest devel
opments of his new 'logical theory. The
volume will contain, seven hundred pages,
Royal Bvo., handsomely printed, and
half the price of ,the English edition. . Sir
William Hamilton's ":Lectures on Meta
physics," published by the same house;has
been adopted as a text-book .in' Harvard,
Yale, and Princeton Colleges, in Rochester
'University, and many other Colleges , and
Seminaries. Prof. Phelps' " Still Hour,"
that has received so much and so just`cam
mendation, is still a living book. Since
its publication,.eight months ago, the sales
have averaged:about one thousand copies per .
week. It has also just been adopted as one
of, the issues of `the Presbyterian Board of
The same publishers have in press, and
nearly ready, anew and splendid edition
of " Bunyares,Pilgrim's Progress." It will`
contain a large number of illustrations by
some of the first artists of the, day, will be
elegantly printed on tinted paper, and
bound in various and beautiful styles, ad
mirably adapting it for presentation copies.
It will he in. ample season for the holidays,
and it is hoped may be as acceptable to the
public as was the beautiful and truly excel
lent volume of" Gotthold's Emblems," kit
year. They have also in press the following
.works.:."The Romance of Natural His
tory," by Philip Henry Gosse, with numer
ous elegant illustrations, 12mo. This au.:
thor has published in England several works
on his favorite , study of Natural - History,
of which this is believed to be the, most
comprehensive and attractive. The illus
trations, which will be of a superior. char
acter, will greatly enhancelhe value of'the
work. "Evenings with the Doctrines,"
by Rev. Nehemiah Adams,. D.D. This
volume will consist of a series' of lectures
delivered by Dr. Adams, before his own
people, a few months since, and which, at
the time, attracted marked notice in
the limited circle in which they were
known. Each lecture is devoted to
some prominent. and important doctrine
of the Evangelical faith, and consists
of a popular exposition of the doc
trine, with historical notices; the Scriptu
ral and logical basis on which it rests, with
a statement and.'examination` of the more
prominent objections that have been urged
•against it. Dr. Adams ,is well known ,as
one of the. soundest and staunchest theolo
gians among Orthodox Congregationalists
"The Life of Trust; a 'Narrative of the
Dealings of God with the Rev.. George
Muller." Edited and condensed by. Rev:
H. ; Lincoln Wayland.' 'With an Introduc
tion by Francis Wayland, D.D. .12m0. - -
" The Life of Christ Historically Consid
ered." By C. J. 13.1); - 121ao.
The author says his object in these lec
tures is, Ist, "to arrange, to comment
upon, and, as far as, possible, to illustrate,
the principal events in our Redeezier's
earthly history; to show their coherence,
their connexion, and their varied and -
gestive meanings`; to'place, as far as may
be safely attempted, the different Divine'
discourses in their apparently true posi
tions, estimated chronologically, and to
indicate how they both give to and receive
illustration from the outward events with
which they stand in more immediate
and 2d, to say something "both
on the, sources of-our history, and our esti
mate of their divinely ordered differences
The - commencement exercises of BROWN
UNIVERSITY, Providence, Rhode Island,
were h'eld last week, in the First Baptist
church. This church was bUilt in 1776.
The oration before the Phi Beta Kappa 'So
ciety, was delivered by -the Hon. Thomas
A. Jenckes, of Providence. The Literary
Societies had for their speaker the Rev; J.
Wheaton Smith, of Philadelphia, who had
for his subject, " The Jtelation of Faith to
Scholarship." The Poem was delivered by
George H. Calvert, Esq., of Newport, a
great-grandson of. Lord 'Baltimore, the
founder of Maryland. The Missionary
.Sermon was preached by the Rev. D. TUrn
bull, of Hartford, from Zech. iv : 9—" Who
hath despised the day of small things?"
After the close of the College' dinner, a
call was made on. the venerable. Dr. Way
land, by the past graduates of the College,
and the pApils of the Dr. when he presided
over the College. The Dr:welcomed the
visitors in the most cordial manner. This
was the ; nipety-second Anniversary celebra
lion of Brown University. During ,these
ninety-two years, more than two thousand
graduates have gone forth from this W
The AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST' now
elesing up its nineteenth 'year, has desert
ed its ancient habitation among the agri
cultural warehouses on Water Street, and
taken np,its abode for the next ten years,
at least, in the 'very centre of the great
newspaper establishment s of the city that
haie for some time past been concentrating
around "Printing-Home square." The
eminent success, of the Amzerican Agric4
tutist r which Atow ommttaits fifty thousand:
subscribers, while due in part tolhe correct
policy of the, pfiblisbers, viz.: to get up
the best possible paper without regard to
expenses, and then to make it widely known
by liberal advertising—is an indication of
the greatly-increased desire on the part of
cultivators for information upon the best
methods of tilling the soil. The present
circulation of the Agriculturist, it may
be remarked, is greater than that of the
entire agricultural press only a few years
ago. When this journal started there were
but two or three agricultural papers in ex
istence; the agricultural journals now
number full forty.
HARPER & BROTHERS will soon publish
Captain Burton's Explorations in Eastern
and Central Africa, with nurfierous curious
engravings from the author's sketches.
Du Chaillu's work is also in press, by the
same house, who have heretofore issued im
portant contributions to the geography and
natural history of the great African conti
nent,- by Livingstone, Barth, Anderssen,
Wilson, and Gordon Cumming.
THE JAPANESE COMMITTEE have at last
succeeded in making out a list of the
charges which they mean to present to the
Comptroller. According to this precious
document, it appears that the bill for board
ing, the Embassy is $18,000; for the colla
tion 'on the 'Vida, furnished by the Le
lands, $2,500; while the chartering of the
boat'cost $BOO more.
The expense incurred for the ball NVas
$60,000, and it is thus distributed:
~ Twelve thousand suppers ($3.00)—536,000
Under the head of wine is included 57,-
500 for three thousand bottles of "green
seal." What a splendid and merry affair
it'must have been, at this rate of decora
tion and drinking 1
For music the charge is $3,000; for ear
.riages, $7,500; with numerous small items,
such' as $l,OOO for the use of the theatre,
$l,OOO for printing, and other sums for
kidgloves, &c., &e. The whole amounts
to `about $106,000.
THE SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN PATENT
; AGENCY has been doing a large business
'during the month of August, although this
month is'not usually considered favorable
to invention. In August, ninety-eight new
patents - were. issued, of which forty-five
were obtained through the agency of Messrs.
Miann & Co: These gentlemen are about
to commence the Fall campaign with re
*wed eneray. The members of the firm,
with their experienced coips , of draughts
men and specification writers, are still to
be aided by Hon. Judge Mason, who will
counsel in all.legal matters connected with
AN, ESTABLISITMENT has been opened
on Broad Way for furnishing to order, and
'an short,notice, sermons, political 'speeches,
literary addresses, essays, compositions—
in short- everything under the head of
brain-work. Such institutions as this have
been long in existence in England, and do
quite a large business in that country.
This is the first'public attempt of the kind
in, the United States, and the future will
reveal what degree of success it may attain
in 'building up the reputation of some by
means of the ability and labor of others
who are to keep in• the back-ground.
There has been raging for some time
past quite a FIERCE ' WAR. between the two
parties inthe Episcopal The cause
of the strife is - the formation by the Low
,Church party, of a Missionary Society on
the voluntary principle, throngh which
their contributions may go to the building
up of the churches that sympathise with
their views. The High Church papers dep
tecate this . movement as an unheard-of
innovation, and a subversion of the very
foundation of Episcopacy. They assert
thatlhe Church Missionary Society can be
the only legitimate one. Perhaps they are
right in theory, hitt it is a hard case for the
Low Churchmen, the influence of that So
ciety going wholly to the' spread of High
Chula dogmas. The battle wages fiercer
and fiercer. Some of our contemporaries
have been " will this result in a
split ?."- The answer can be given, by no
,means. 'Episcopalians may differ and
wrangle among themselves. But " The
'Church " is to them the rallyingpoint, and
around it they will gather whatever diver
srtp opinion, may exist among them.
Tux PEOPLE have mostly returned from
the Summer dissipations at the springs and
the various sea-side resorts. It is a great
pity that these places should be so terribly
perverted from.. their proper objects, and
that so - many should there acquire habits
not conducive to the best interests of either
soul or body. And those who retired to
their retreats in the country at the begin.
ning of ihe season, are beginning to Come
back to their city homes. The churches
are again open, and the pastors are once
more in their usual places. During the
Summer fewer churches than formerly
were closed; and we trust that the day is ,
not far distant when the habit of closing
the churches in the Summer, in our large
Cities, will have altogether ceased.
THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA is sup
posed to contain about 70,000 blacks; of
these from 20;000 to 25,000 reside in Phil
adelphia. This city has a larger colored
element than any other of the great North
ern cities. The reporters of the Press,
Col. Forney's paper, have been making ex
plorations among them; and have brought
to light some interesting.faets. According
to the census of 1850 the negroes of Phil
adelphia then owned $BOO,OOO worth of
property, divided ,'among 19,000 persons;
but their,property is much larger thou it
was ten years ago. One negro alone has
real and 'personal estate valued at $300,00 0 .
Some quarters of this city are populated to
a large extent by the lower order of blacks.
But'a portion of the town is inhabited by
'an intelligent class, who have accumulated
money, and are respected by their white
By some statistics which were published
a - few years since, there were 4,019 families
of colored people, of whom 241 were living
in, their own houses. • Of these there were
about 5,000 able-bodied men over 21—of
whom 1,581 were laborers, 256 mechanics, ,
240 Mariners, 166 ,shopkeepers, 276 coach
'm en aand calikm 557 waiters, 156 hair
Rev. .-:DANIEL E. GOODwIN,