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Direct all letters to DAVID AVILINNEYA co.
Par the Preihyteritiii Banner
Asking and Recelyinfr—k-1
Ask and it shall be givee yee..'" 7 - 7 4.1.Atr; vii : 7.
We have here a c4rection., , a command,
and a promise. Tlie , way ta teceire blessing
f rom trod is, ask for it. We need direction
h ero . We are very prone so seek gifts
from heaven by propitiation. By a multi
plicity of dutiessprather than by prayer, we
would seek: the-blessings promised ; or by
exereising . the'grace we have, we would get
more grace, rather than by asking of God,
who givetir , ntito all liberally. But God's
own explitit direction is, " ask ;" and it is
Sufficient to know that blessings have always
fallow moat copiously along the pith. of
prayer. It has been ,on heads, bowed in
prayer that the Holy Ghost has descended.
It has been in rooms where all were with
one accord in prayer and supplication ' that
the sound of the rushing, mighty' wind has
been heard. It has been on Carmel tops,
where prophets have lain on their faces in
prayer while men went for the seventh
time for a sign of prayer's answer that the
little cloud has been seen, which,;before
the tidings had well gone forth, had covered
the heavens with clouds '
- and deluged the
earth with rain. Whatever men may
think, the simplest, quickest, and best way
of getting blessings from heaven is to ask
for them. " Ask and it shall be given."
2d. This is a command, also, as well as
a direction. " Ask" is an injunction, and
prayer a duty. This daily coming to God
in prayer is a solemn.ohligation, well as
a glorious privilege. - Always, we are under
obligation to keep the fires of devotion
burning brightly on the altar of our hearts,
and the fuel can come only from God. We
obtain that fuel by prayer. When we omit
prayer, let those heavenly fires. burn dim,
mid cense our witness-for God, in:our lives
that omission was our grievous sin .and its
performance OUT ' gravest duty. thin , we
go through prayerless days and weeks, we
forget that we are violating positive com
mands, and 'committing heinous sins, as
well as foregoing a precious privilege.
" Ask " is a direction and a, command.
.Bd. It is an , encouragement-and a p'rom
ise, also. "It shall be given." This,„of
course, is a general statement.: He-who
sincerely asks blessings of God, -shall re
/Tire a blessing; exactly what, when, and
how, God reserves for himself to determine. -
We must ask in a spirit of meek submis
sion to his will. s Prayer which is-,-not
offered in this spirit is not prayer, btit dic
short-sighted - creature dictating
laws and-rules-of conduct to the omniscient
Ruler of the universe. Unless we leave to
him the. time when, and the manner' in
which, our prayers shall be answered, as
well as the matter of them, it is not asking,
but demanding. We should remember,.
too, when we pray, thatGod.already has a
specific purpose concerning every individ
ual and every event under the sun, and
offer our prayer with reference to that
already fixed purpoSe. There may be diffi- -
culty here in understanding how God can
answer particular requests; in harmony with.
his own predetermined plan. But argu
ment against a...thing -founded in ignorance
is not.valid , argument. It is suffteient
know , two faets-that God has , a purpose,
and that he does answer prayer. God's
promise is, "It shall be given." --Let not
the man who has- never honestly prayed,
gainsay this. He speaks of that, of -which
he knows nothing. I will weigh the expe
rionca of ofie - Chilstian against the cavils
of a thousand skeptics.
experience of a man who has tasted an ap
ple, and says it's sweet, against the 'cavils
of a thousand who look at it, and think it's
bitter. Christians know that God answers
prayer, therefore let skeptics pray.. Of
them it. -is true, "Ask and it shall be
For the PresbYterian Danner
Letters . ,
0f the Rev, Jahn Smith, a Presbyterian Niniater,
to hie brother, the Rev. Peter Smith, a Methodist.
REV. PETER SMITH :—Dear Brother :--
The sovereignty of -God has, in all ages,
roused the opposition of the human heart.
Wit, argument, eloquence, bombast, satire,, -
burlesque, have all been employed in turn,
and employed till their force was spent
against this clearly revealed truth. for is
this opposition mere show. It springs
from no simulated enmity ; , but from
enmity that comes from the bottom
of the soul. Absolute sovereignty is,
with these men; but • another name
for -absolute tyranny, and that which
calls forth the Alleluias of heaven only
extorts their denunciations and curses.
They place confidence in their Makerionly
so far as it is clear to their understandings
dud he is doing right, or, at least, that
he is not doing wrong. They cannot, so
to speak, trust him out of sight. They
must see to it that he does not overstep
the just bounds of his authority; and
trample on the rights of his - creatures,
particul'arly' on the rights of' sinners. It
will not do to tell them that God, in be
stowing mercy on whom he will have
mercy, and in hardening whom, he will
harden is actuated by reasons infinitely
wise and infinitely good; They must see
these reasons fOr themselves, It is not suf
ficient fbr him to say, "Be still and know
that I am God; know that, though I give
n 6 reasons for my conduct, what Ido is
always done in perfect righteousness and
pel•feet justice." They will' not be still,
but plainly inform him that they do not
concede to him the prerogative to show
mercy to one rebel and not to another.
Why should he have mercy On some and
not on others? Why should be withhold
mercy froni any sinner? Would • not this
involve him in criminal partiality and
gross injustice? Are not all men his crea
tures? 'Did they haVe a hand in making
themselves what they are,' 'depraved and
corrupt? Have not all sinners a claim, a
just and equal 'claim to the Divine favor?
Is not God bound to respect' this claim?
Whence then has he, the right to leave a
isnner to himself, •to suffer larii to follow
the devices of his depraved imagination?
Might not such a sinner turu on his Maker,
and, clearing himself of all blame, lay' 'all
his sins and crimes to his Maker's charge?
Nay, might not such a sinner feel deeply
sensible'of the injury inflicted 012 hini. his
rights disregarded, his just - claims set at
naught, ascend the throne of judgment
himself, and summon the AlmirOity to the
tribunal of jiistice? " Thou, O'Lord; didst
have mercy on other sinners, but not on
me. To others thou gayest grace to repent
and believe; to iue thou gayest no grace..
Why didst thotfthis ? True, I was a sin
ner; I did trample on thy authority; I did
hate thy holy character; my carnal mind
was at enmity with thee; T did reject the
offers of salvation; I did' hold the Saviour
in' utter contempt; but Could I be to blame
for this? Was not my'' nature depraved?
Was it in my power' to loVe, thee ? Why
didst thou not bestow - on me a sufficient
measure of grace? Why - didst thou not,
by thy almighty power, overcome the re-'
hellion and enmity of my hart? If thou
hast mercy on whom thou wilVhitve mercy,
and hardertest whom thou wi4;haiden, why
then Bost thou find fault, fai.libe hath raj
sistO thy Will'? I do, therbiliiejtord; pro-
ait , ! $ ';' 1111 " '••• t:• 41 - 4 •— • -
I. , V. 41.
PITTSBURGH, SATUR JTJ NE 30, 1860. WHOLE
se the ex
; prting no
ed Iby hinC
betting , '
se there, as :
y g men are
TEI 4 e road ti:e'
• - 1*; . ,
Fart . new and,
-, in pres
‘0 7 4%
e; , ids
In : , 11 60 ”
test against such criminal partiality; and I
solemnly appeal froni thee to the conscience
of the universe!'"
Do you say;my brother, that I have been
drawing a mere picture A. the fhncy; that
no person 'in his sober senses would venture
to adopt such a style of reasoning, or to ad
dress the. Divine Majesty in .terms so
fraught with insolence! 1 reply, this is
no sketch of the fancy. Would that it
were so. It is—l grieve to'say it—but too
faithful a description of fact. .Are you
disposed to ,call this in question ? Is proof
required? Do you demand of me to point
out the men who take it on themselves to
claim for rebels a share, and for all rebels
an equal share of grace; and who, publicly
threaten; if grace were denied to a single
sinner, to 'stigmatise Jehovah . in the face
of his creation, as an Infinite' and Almighty
Tyrant? Do you ask why I bring forward
objections urged only by persons, who kilo*
neither the meaning of sin on the one hand,
nor of grace on the other hand; by persons.
who make light of God's immaculate
ty, and 'turn - the dreadful 'sanctions Of his
holy law into jest; 'objections urged by
Socinians, by :Universalists, by Rational
ists? They are also the, objections, the very
objections, tsed by Methodist. Arminians.
Do you deny this? Do you pronounce such
en accusation false? Do you pall on me' to,
name any ,Methodist preachers or writers,
who ,have the .assurance to bring forward
objections so supremely wicked and absurd,
or to employ language so bold and irrever r
ent that it absolutely borders on. blasphe- .
My? Stand forth, Doctor Foiter, author
of "Objections to Calvinism," and thou,.
BiShop Simpson, his endorser ye are the"
Hear, -now, what the Rev. Dr. Foster has
to say: "I object to it (the doctrine of
Efection,) as involving the Divine Being in
the grossest injustice, and criminal partial
ity'.* It represents Gad as worse than
the devil can be—as more false, more cruel
and unjust. More false, because the devil,
liar as he is, bath never- said, He willeth'
all men to be saved;' more unjust, because
the devil cannot, if he would,- be guilty of
such injustice as you ascribe to God, when
you say that God condemns millions of
souls to everlasting fire for continuing in
sin, which, for the grace that he will not
give them, they cannot avoid.t Human
nature is depraved, and unless changed by
the grace of God, it must sin on, must
sin ever. But if he must, and can
'.not "avoid it, the man cannot be to
blame for it, can he? Let it not be said
he 'brought the disability on 'himself. If
this were so, it would relieve the ease.
But this, is not the fact. His disability
came with him into the world; it was com
municated as a part of his existence ; it
was his very essential nature. His first
parent may be to blame, but surely he cannot,
be responsible. Let him sin—no being in
the universe can censure:him ; he is not to
blame. Not, only is he not to blame for his
sins, (if God withhold grace,) but he can
not be required to do right—he is under
no obligations to do right,4 Nay :I go a
step further, and say that the actual sins
of reprobates' forms no juster
their damnation than their natural. corrup
tion, for they were brought into existence
with a corrupt nature, from which it was
never possible for them to free themselves;
which they had no consent in bringing on,
themselves, and with it their actual sins
were abSolutely una.voidable, and so could
no-more - oonitituto a--jus,t ground of con
demnation than•would their inherited de
pravity.li It renders the conclusion un
avoidable that the sinner is absolutely
damned, not only without the possibility of,
salvation, but without any fault of his
whatever.§ , They are called to return 'to
God, to repent, to believe in. Christ, to -a
holy life-no one of which calls could they
possibly, obey; and Jet, for not obeying,
every time they refuse, their damnation is
increased. Is not this awful, frightful'!
Dreadful,!, dreadful,!' dreadful ! Thou great
Spirit of the heavens, art, thou such a mon
ster as this !"1[
. quotations, my brother, will, I
trust, satisfy, perhaps they, will, more than
satisfy, your demands. They are all taken--
and many more, couched in., similar lan
guage, breathing a similar spirit, and per
vaded by a logic equally conclusive, might
be taken—out of F,oster's "Objections to
Calvinism." " This work," says Bishop
Simpson, of. your Church, " has been well
executed. The objections are distinctly
'and explicitly stated, and the intelligent
reader will, we think, be fully, convinced
they are well sustained. We commend the
volume, as one of great merit."*
In my last letter I summed up the argu
ments of the Apostle Paul in = favor of the
doctrine of Election ; I will now, by way of
contrast, sum up the Rev. Dr. Foster's
arguments against this doctrine, and Dr..
Foster's'argumeuts are also the arguments,
of Bishop Simpson : I
All men are naturally depraved. No
man is to blame for natural. depravity. No
man, unless a measure of grace is bestowed,.
is responsible for actual ,sins, any more than
for hereditary depravity. God is obligated
to bestow grace on all men. He is not at
liberty to have mercy on one sinner, and to .
pass by another. Justice requires an equal
distribution of grace. If in any, instance
God should refuse to bestow grace, he would
be criminally partial, - and grossly unjust.
If God should undertake to call such a
sinner to account, the sinner might lay - the
whole guilt of 'all his sins and crimes to the
charge of his Maker, and before the uni
verse proclaim his Maker a minister and
*Foster's Objections to Calvinism, , page S 3.
tPage 131. Vage 124 and 125. 11Pagn 91.
,Page 90. IPage 99. •'
*lntroduction to Foster's Objections to Calvin
ism, by. Bishop Simpson-
For the 'Preebyterlan Banner
DEWITT, CLINTON 00., lOWA
'une 11,,1860. j
MESSRS. 'EDITORS :-I am going to try
to communicate to you sonic idea of the
terrific and destructive tornado which
passed through this section of country, on.
Sibbath, June 3d, at about 64- o'clock P.
M., although I am persuaded I shall utterly
fail" in conveying to your mind an adequate
conception of the reality. The part of its
track ' which I am going to describe, is three
miles long, and half a mile wide. It passed
,a mile South - of Dewitt, moving
directly Eastward. From a point opposite
' Dewitt, three miles. East, is the portion of
its course which I propose to write about.
I spent the chief part of two days on the
ground, making examinations of its marvel
ous doings. To give you as accurate ideas as possible
of its tremendous operations, I will first
give you a brief description of the country
through which it passed, prior to June 3d.
It was a very beautiful, fertile, and highly
chltivated agricultural region, lying along,
the North side of an extensive grove, ex
tending East and West—where some of the
ablest and earliest farmers in this yart of
lowa had located about twenty 'years 4g0..
Having means, and being near ihe f tirAber,
they had erected
Aciiiiii good/eoatintial . l6 - 'es
and. barns, an'd had rigicip.'•h`OWitifica e
,ii/kaiii of- tieriii? tin et.: -raiße , ' i
modern houses were built for tenants,' and
were of lighter Materials. These fails
were' well . supplied with 'live 'stock, and
that of-choice . quality; • and alSo with all
kinds of agricultural impleMents. The
main road through:this . district lay.parallel
to the North sideof the grove and about
half a mile from. it. Along this road. the
principal:part of the buildings were located.
And this:road was- the middle of the .tor-
You have often seen little whirlwinds,
which, raised dust, leaves and other light
materials, high into the air, and scattered
ihein around in every direction. But .to
form an adequate conception of the tornado
of which I am writing,, you.must imagine
iiggies, large wagons, ploughs, harrows,
reapers, threshing machines, fences, km es
and barns, &c., raised up into the air and
dashed together, so as to be shattered to
pieces and scattered in fragments over the
On the three miles nientioned, there were
eighteen houses irhich were entirely demol
ished. The more substantial buildings
were thrown froia their foundations and
twisted to pieces, and large sticks of timber
from them were carried half a mile; and
some large pieces, being whirled vertically
through the air, were left standing erect on
the plane half a mile from where the house
had stood... The lighter buildings, ; disap
peared. Some, of them were so smashed
and scattered that not a single fragment of
their substance can be reeognled.
The destruction of farming utensils was
truly amazing. The, largest piece of a
wagon I could find on the ground, was, one
whole wheel (the fore-wheel of a strong,
low, truck • wagon). A tongue lay in one
place—an axiertree in another—a hub here,
and the spokes there—tires were broken
and crooked in various shapes, and carried
to an incredible distance—a piece of a
plough or harrovday in one place, and the
rest somewhere else. The strong irons of
reapers were broken to pieces - and scattered
around, and even fragments 'of the cy
linder of a threshing-machine were
seen lying among the rubbish.. Fence
rails were let 'down in the shape 'of
•oven-wood, and household furniture—so
fas, chairs, • tables, bed-steads, &c.—were
ground to pieces ,in this tremendous mill;
and clothes, bed clothes and beds, were left
in tatters, utterly;useless, looking as if they
had passed through a rag-mill.
You are, no ,doubt, anxious to know
what-became of the inhabitants of this des
olaled district, in such a frightful storm.
On these three miles, of its track, twenty
eight were killed at the time, and many
others were so injured that one or more of
them have died every day since. Most of
those that escaped, saw the storm coining,
and ran into their cellars. The escape of
some seemed almost miraculous. Their
houses were' torn to pieces and carried,
away, and yet they escaped with slight in
jury. A great number were terribly bruis
ed and mangled, so that almost every house
in the vicinity of the tornado!s course, has
become a - hospital. Many' have been 're
quireci to submit to painfursurgical opera
tions--to the amputation Of a `bruised and•
fractured leg or arm,. or to the extraction of
large splinters of wood from their flesh.
The destruction of live stock was very
great. It is estimated that, on the ground
spoken of, one hundred heacl , of cattle and
thirty horses were killed; also, many hogs,
dogs. cats, and - poultry and. even rats and
-mice; were-killed by the scattered fragments-!
of timber. -
All who have visited the scene above de
scribed, Admit that the exhibition of Divine
power there, exceeds any thing they had
ever witnessed before. In a, few gninutes
a fruitful land was converted into a wilder
ness; riches took: to themselves-wings:and
flew away as eagles toward heaven, and im
mortal souls left_ their clay tenements for
This marveloiis act-of Divine Providence
is a solemn admonitien to all who may see
or hear of„ it, toObey, the Saviour's injunc
tion, "Be ye also ready, for in such an hour
asye think not,= the Son of 'Man coineth:"
• - 'IVI. B. P. •
'HOLIDAY TIMES.-7WRISSIINTIDIS AND Exccrainef , . TRAINS :FOR
THB MASSES.....TADIIN AND SIIADOWOUNTSR-CITRRENTS
AND THEIR CONTRAST—HEAL . UNTIVAL IN LONDON—SPECIAL
iLLUSTRATIONYOUND HEN AND HAIDENS—k SCENE - IN A'
RAGGED SCROOL--..TEDS NEW4ORNED:PRAYDNHENTING—TNN
SOONFISII GENERAL, ASSSNRISES--ASIERIOAN
PATRONAGE AND Poi.trun 0110'17E—TEE SUSTRRTATION, FUND
CONTRIDNIIONS FOR THE YEAR—POSTSCRIPT;
LONDON, Tune 1, 1860.
HOLIDAY TIMES ltring out both the good
and evil in the masses of the metropolis.
Whitsuntide holidays are just over, and one
of their pleasing features is, the family
recreation that' thereby is secured and en
joyed. You see very long trains crowded
to excess by of all ela,sses and
small trade.sinen. and in a large number of
cases the men dice with them their Wive s.
and some at least of their children also.
The great railway companies Make , tempt
ing arrangements as to Flew Thus, for
half a crown they have been taking thee
people to and frotu Brighton, ilarwich, Ips
wich, and to other places more or less-list-
ant, in the same proportion. myself had
oceaaion, from ,private busines,s,,to go by
one of these excursion trains. on Whit-Mon
'day, to llarwich,',on the Essex coast of, the
German. Ocean., The distance,thither and.
back again, -wns one hundred and thirty-six
English miles, and the expense was half a
When.. men. take their children and
wives .or brides-elect with them there is
very little' intemperance; for, although ed
ibles and drinkables are not neglected, yet
the great ,sources of enjoyment are escape
from smoke 'and toil, and cribbed and nar
row domiciles, the glorious verdure of field
and forest, or" - the breezy shore of the
mighty ocean. ' If does the heart good to
see the jubilation of the young, especially
on such occasions. .
There are, , however, always dark shad
ows thrown over holiday times---much in
temperance and;excess, and in many cases
women indulge in gin-drinking, and areAo
be seen intoxicated. The " national vice
is not cured yet, although mitigated; the
appliances of legislation rather regulate
than restrain it, and nought but a thorough
revival of, true relioion leavening the
masses, will secure to us that " righteous
nesi," that obedience which Love always
gives to Divine Law, and which aline " ex
alteth a "natiori."
Counter Currents to the rising tide of
gedliness, are more than usually percepti
ble at this time, and have been so for some
time past. One great cause has been the
gambling and betting maniawhich have been
so powerfully , evoked into malignant vitali
ty by the prize .fight between Heenan and.
Sayerg, and arse in connexion with the
great." Derby Day," at Epsom races. At
,the latter,. it was calculated that four hun
dred and, eighty thousand persons were pres
ent and vast sums were staked on the
issue, the owner. of the successful horse
pocketing £lOO,OOO, while ruinous losses
were made,.of course, by others. As for
racing, it is pleaded that it is necessary to
keep up the breed 'of horses which other
wise would Aeteriorate. This is a mere
pretgnce. rur would 'not 'Weed horses,7
saik t famous` trainer' 4f,4'iiikittd ,r
"if there were no began,
penses would be mueb
On the race-course 'are
legs, rubbing, clothes with
bleman, and for the none
as an equal,because they
men ; the vilest, of both ,
well as the outwardly. yin
courses are thus stimulated'
tempted' to their first gel
ruin, and heavy losses di
Possibly prize fighting
now partially give way b ,
peaceful exhibition of th
euce of multitudes, all o
by the two rece.nt antago
Sayers. They are now f
having received before a•
champion's belt, and beg
hamb - ra, Leicester Squai
ago, they will continue tt
selves for their joint benefit
sense, in all the great towns
,The moral effect of all ti
sarily be degrading to the
to degrade and brutalize.
such exhibitions is to mak'
popular out of doors
joie, and half in earnest,
formed all over the Epsom .1? owns, on the
Derby Day; a regular " mill 4 A ltook place,
while the ring was care! I'7 - kept; no
gloves were worn by these . :hordinates of
" the fancy," and consequen black eyes
and bloody noses were ni ;infrequent.
This, next to the race, was, a feature of
the, day; and none of the ; p, means
amusing the crowds by mon , o ,yanks, sing
ing " niggers," or " Aunt S ,p -11 equld vie
with the attraction of the irqy:, ,
m match. All this is si dant; and
other proofs could be given same di
The English mob never ner men to
"fight out" their quarrel; tr feign little
boys are allowed to do so, A. I,e, a ring is
formed for them. I have so T.Ti mei, broken
up a circle like this, under
431 v feelings,
dealing out a few stern reb F • e tiiihe on
lookers, who, while thy slu I at, last,
yet evidently thought, thayff'there was
only " fair play," all was • proper,
even while the little fello , ,nflicting
mutual suffering. The ' pluck"
certainly accounts in part things,
and but for that, says M' , of Liv
erpool, a popular lecture Id w uld
not possess India, nor
nor her Colonies. Yet, reserva
tion of " the pluck" till of duty
and of danger to one's .ornes is
the true theory not "pl -rightly.
used. It is a redeendit that the
people here go sinarrnefl. mgerous
weapons, knife or pistol, rely pro
scribed by law, but by al popular
law; and if the knife ,. ..teed, the
magistrates and judges bukative effect to
the universal feeling, in irdikting the
verest punishment. God f - :;sl.
the clay should come, wit ',,,,Englislinien
shall be found using the i)2 of the
or shooting clown npAnothei: in
either cold blood,'or in the ry and fierce
nessith of sudden anger ! '. 4 ~„
GENUINE SPIRITUAL ' ' still main
tains its presence and po ifevefr in..the
face of unusual opposition. *Satanis busy,
and-. in great-Atrath-2 iS. salitkieormiapAlos
tility, perhaps just because that the Great:
Prince of Life is now revealing his arm,
and to a degree unknown for many genera
tions, is revealing himself as that, ",Last
Adam," who is emphatically ";A:Quicken
ing Spirit." I am constantly, hearing of
the increase of individual conversions in
and around the metropolis, the numbers
indeed thus brought within -tliefc)ld of
Christ during the last eight months, and
especially since the-beginning of. the year,
if all brought. together, could not. ;but fill'
the hearts of 3 0hristians all the world -over;
with thankful snit-Wondering gladness.-
Mr. Brownlow - North; after a season of
enforced retireirietit- on account •of his
health,hae. been preaching once more in
London':' 'The first . Sabbath morning . was
in Regent'Square church; the second in
my own ; and large and 'deeply, impressed
audiences listened to his singularly strik
ing and faithful appeals: He has.also been
engaged in a new sphere of work. This-is
the fashionable ,West: End .season of the
year. AN manner of entertainments, con
certs, operas, Sm.,•are provided for„the.,rich,
and great, but Mr. North has been . , tryiug
to entertain them in his own way. Re.it ; .
himself one of the " upper ten th,onisaniff! .
he is the descendant of the celehtated
Keeper North, and nephew to the, present .
Earl of Guildford. During the Winter,
more than once he spoke. in drawing-rooms
to his own class and for the lest throe
Mondays at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, he
has been addressing ii r rotided 'audienees,
chiefly ladies (whose' eari•iitges'filled almoit •
a whole street outside;) in Willis' ROtUney
near 'St. James' Spiare. '" The - AA"; road
and 'Lazarus "' was his 'opening thenie•rthe"
nviiirto self and for' ltianry, and the lifide
elite Was unsparingly dealt With ; : while
this hold,. yet not -coarse•or -tommoniplace
ti , angelist, 'this true gentleman' and• Chris
tian,•did not hesitate to "speak of•hell to
ears polite." • • •• •
Mr. North leaves London, thie"week, fer-
Scotland, stopping a day at NeWeistle4U- •
Tyne, in order 'to fulfill an engageinent
there, and is not likely to
. retiirn•-to •the
metropolis for many months.- Both he and:
Mr. Reginald Radcliffe have been- inangur
atina new eta ; lay evangelization- is now
a recognized , institution, and necessity
youths and lads who are recent converts,
often address • those of their own' age , in:
schools and in the open air, with r marked
results, ,while the churches have been
stir:red . ..4:o • self-searching, and' many Chris
tiana have received fresh baptism of faith,
Young; men: h ave been largely the . ,sub-:
jeets of religions 'awakening, esp:scially in
the hOnses of business in the Wast: of
lindon. At 'the Ticlibbiiine d Stroet Recline, •
of 'the Wesiern Bran& of` thiVlTung,
Men's Association, which last week•T malted
at the' hmir of the 'daily prayer 2 theeting,
and where this week'l Was called to deliver
an address to young...men, rhad the most
gratifying evidences of real and enlarged
spiritual results. • •
Toward Abe close of last year; visitswere'•
paid to this district by Messrs. North .and
Radcliffe, and anAmpetus was given.: to all
the prayers and efforts of those who , had;
previously been, active ; and who. had: earn-,c
estly sought for special.blessings. , At this •
period also, writes the Secretary, a great
work began in a house. of business for
which be , had prayed,long.andjutioh:, Ten .
Young men in this house eame ;out ! on the
Lord's side, and are still banded together
for the spiritual good of their shopmates."
At the beginning of the year the work
extended rapidly, cases of conviction and
conversion multiplying very fast. At the,
olole of a meeting on January 6th, " thanks
,requested for nineteen cases
,conyerslon." . Many of these ,cases were
yo . ung women in houses of business—in one
house' sixteen Theie . thus sprung . up
Young: Women ' s` Ohstian, Association,
of tiro him=
Meet without striking manifestations of
60d's power to save."
: After. the prayer meeting last week, I
Saw three young females, who were recent
Ponvetts, `meek humble, yet joyful; the
radiant gladness in their faces, just like
that:which all,visitors to, Ulster remarked
in the converts there. _ • .
i At the ttenual meeting of , a Ragged
School, at which I assisted, last week, I
heard Marvellous details of reahlts in con
nexion with Sabbath 'evening services in
stituted last Winter; by two pious members
of the Church of England. The youths
who came there were of the, roughest,
description, and for months every service
was interrupted by the worst possible COD-.
diet Worn out, at last, and almost despair
ing, the two friends gave notice to their
godless audience that one Sunday evening,
service more, and only one, would be tried.
It 'carne round, arid' to their amazement,
when they entered they found the once
riotous band sitting in deep solemnity, and
ere, long the , place was full of weeping and
supplication. Man's extremity, was
opportunity--numerous conversions 'fol
lowed, and I had put, into my hand, at, the
above meeting, a written petition addregied
to the managers, signed by fifteen, of these
iiettlAnsAkinge rex the use of the ,sehool
911 l every, Lords 'day' elrtflPgpitA.Nl4%
hour, in order to hold meetings for united
J 1 e .; e. ", e
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLIES in Scotland','
have closed their sittings. Drs.' Murray
and Leyburn,ls representatives' of the Old
School Presbyterianism of , the United,
States, addressed both Assemblies, and were
most, cordially received. Mr. G. ll.:Stuart
addressed the Free Church-,.Assembly. I
haN4 no doubt, that, their visit - to the Scot
tish metropolis, especially at' a season of
holy convocation like this,,has been in the-.
highest degree interesting and refreshing'
to these gentlemen. .
The Established Assembly, in the exer
cise of that partial liberty which Lord
Aberdeen's' Act gives, by a large majority
refuied to ordain an - unacceptable presentee
over a reclaiming congregation. One.salu
tary reason doubtless was, that thegreat
body of the people would otherwise have
sought connexion with the Free Church.
In both AsSeMblies the TriCentenary of
the Scottish Reformation was celebrated,
while alLagreed, that the 20th of December:
next Should be the special day'for a general
commemoration; 'by sermons and public'
worship. In . - the memorable" year 1560,
three things were done in Scotland, calm,
lated to render it, ever memorable. 1. The
sanction of the State was withdrawn from
the Church of Rome. 2. The reformed,
religion, as set forth in the Confession 'Of
Faith drawn up by the Reformers, was ac-'
knowledged and ratified , by the States of
Parliament. 3. The Reformed Church, as
its organized body, held its .first General
The . Speakers in connexion with the Tri
centenary proceedings at the Free Church',
Assembly; were Drs. Buchanan,. (Modera
tor,) Cunningham, Hetheringtonond Begg,
and also the associated Irish,,English,,,and
American Deputies..,, `They were all very
valuable and interesting. Dr. Buchanan,
,'was apeurate and elegant. Dr.
Cunningham' weighty and Powerful. Dr:
Hetherington pictorial, and historical also.
Dr. I3egg gave very valuable statistics=
sufficiently alarming also----as to the growth
T. Poper - y in Great- Britain, -as evidenced
)y , new •chapels, monasteries, nunneries,
and confraternities. -In Leicestershire,
there is a monastery with
acres, attached, where boys are received for,
a payment of seven shillings per week, but,
whose board and lodging do not cost, half a
orewn, if indeed they are not self-sustain
ing. A peer boy who had been brought up
in :a :'Free Church school, was recently
dragged away (legally) ta, a Popish Re
fOrmatory, to be kept there fir five, years.
This was' in face of his convictions, and Sim
ply beeauSe the Papists'had found out that
his father had been a Romanist.-
The, following is an extract from Dr
Alurray's speech;on this occasion:
Whilst the world is opening—whilst Popery
is crumbling—whilst the waters of life are ri
sing—we should go. in by these wide doors, and
give the doctrines of the Reformation to all
kindreds, and tongues, 'and nations,. and peoples.
That is'the best way in which we can improve
this tri-centenary. I feel the kindness of my
brethren here. What we universally feel on the
other side of the Atlantic, is that a mere Church
without the Spirit is a very worthless thing. We
may have doctrines, and hold them very rigidly
—we may preach them very strenuously without
preaching.them in God'. (Rear, hear.) Moder
atism has long crippled the energies of,the Church
of Scotland ; but we thank God that the Church
which you represent has risen-nobly from its
fetters. If there is a branch. of the true Church
of God on the face of the earth, it is the Free
Church of Scotland. We haie no stories to throw
at anybody. We love all men who: hold .the
truth, by whatever name they are : called; but.
the men nearest us in profession, in' confession,
and in testimony, are the members of the Church
whose supreme court I am now addressing, and
we hive sought to express our' syn2Patliy. But
we need a living Church; and not until all branch
es of the Presbyterian Church receive the , bap
tism of the Spirit, can we expect a Pentecostal
season ill - over the world. And in this tri-cente
nary, if, there, is. anything_ we should pray for
,and desire, it is, the baptism received by the
apostles and by the fathers 'of thelleformation.
'Let us go forth with the' doctrines of-the Refor
mation in our bands, and the devotion which in
spired- the leaders of the Reformation in our
hearts,,arld the Gospel of peace will have ,free
course and be . glorified. The ministers of the
Church to which I belong are called theologiane
Of:- the .old school of Presbyterians,..tind the -rea
son We are so designated, is because. , we all love
these old doctrines of the Confession of Faith
and the Shorter and• Larger Catechisms, which
we tette& ,to our people; and we cling ,to the old
13tandardi according to their birople meaning.
•llenee- we tare celled the Old School, and we
confess we aro of,the old •school. (Laughter.)
'We are just as old in that respect as you are.
Our country was 'probably -made as soon 'as
yours—..(laughter)—and yet'you callus sons and
. principles are just. as old as
yours, and we 'shall cling to them as long as
yait. Neither fire, faggot, bishop.' ,priest nor
Pope, dare interfere with oar doctrines,. because
vie s hall make any - sacrifice to maintain them.
We are all of.ene family; merely separatedrfrom
each.other, by. that.little firth. called- the n Atlantic
Ocean; and when, in the course'of a few'years,
we barrearose it 'in three or foter days, Or over
in. aufhonr.by,telegraph, we will be more nearly.
allied, ~arid understand , each 1 other better.
,(Laughter and , applause.). I hive' often. been
asked whyliAs :we, aro called "true -blue?" I
did not know how to answer. :But I asked a
gootehinan: 6-4 Well," said he, "when we were
perseouted,,the -ministers used to- go•ithe. moun
tains, and,when they were going,to, have a com
rant:don: titey'held out a blue flag; which was an
invitation to the People of /the:country around to
jattend; : anti, their Aeseendente are called true
blue frouillie."` That is ode explaMition; but
i have found out another far. "A few , years.
ago I was in*o9l4- l and- Rom„ e, and went to
Pompeii, where I spent - time among , its
splendid 'frescoes of variegated Inuit.' All the
other eolertrhad,faded. away, .but , khp blue was
as,bright as ihe day it was put .on,. although it.
had beeii Suited for 141411 three thousand years.
TheArne‘bluelnevertives outftbakis, the mean
ing of it. (Laughter.) True blue gresl v teri. ;
snism is so'bine, that it never gives_ (lilt. If your
Moderator, or any of your brethren;. pay a 'visit,
to the United States, it will afford, .me great
pleasure to int'roiluce you to - PreSbYtarlans as
blue as you.- ,(Loud 'laughter and:aPplause.)
Mr.' George 'EP:Stuart also tidateSsed' the ,
Assembly on this occasion, and. earnestly
urged enlargect . :mjsksiunkv . RperOuns in
, TH4 • Su.PTRIMISN FPrfo
ghP7o, l . l .9nountc4, l ao,Year4 o 4 . eg 1 1,41-0,-1
o ott. 4 : Tile ep ViriaLirigits gout tizak
manse, and in very many cases the congre
gations supplement the stipend of their
pastors. More than this :by a special and
generous effort, this last year, of the elders
of the Church, all those ministers who gave
up their position in the Establishment in
1843, have received a dividend of ,E,200
The general abstract of the funds raised,
for the various schemes during the year
ending the 31st of March, is very striking :
1. Sustentation Fund, £109,172.18:07;
2.. Building Fund, £35,855.09.00.- '
Congregationnl Fund, £97,363.02.10; 4.
Missions and 'Education, £60,578.05:02;
5. Miscellaneous, £13,588.04.02. Total,
£316,557-.19.09. The' number of ministers
on the roll of Presbyteries is eight hundred
THE - UNITED PRESBYTERIAN SvNoDhas
537 congregations, and 162,885 comnauni
'cants. The total income for all purposes
was .R.,190,052 ; 'being in average for each
member of. £1.38.5d. Sabbath Schools,
890 ; advanced Sabbath classes, 706; with.
20,054 scholars; congregational librarie,s,
427, with 169,110 volumes; prayer-meet
ings, 1,205, with an aggregate attendance
of 40,549. This atte.ndance is double that'
of 1859— , -one of the many tokens that the
power.:: of prayer is being increasingly.
Trov4 lll .oo , o ll PicAPs of4,2 l 4l B tyri+.,vr
-P. S.—Albert Smith, whOSe entertain
ments, : "'Ascent of IVlont Blanci". and'
" China," many, Americans, visiting London
have witnessed, died suddenly, last week,
in his forty-fourth year.,
Sir C. Barry, the architect of ' , the -new
Houses of Parliament, .died .on Ethe very
day.when he expected to< see, the. Red Cross
Flag float from,the.newly-fmished and mag
nifident tower of Victoria
We have had: " StIOW in the Summer," in
the midland counties, and a fearfully
tructive storm on•the Eastern coast.
Garibaldi;is in, Palermo; but the town is
bombarded froni the eitadel.and fleet.
Sicily seems loit. to the King of Naples.
Bofh Lord Eglinton and Mr. Thaekeray
deny that they were present at ;the great
From the period.; of his renewed and en
tire consecration to God,'.', Holiness to the.
Lord" was written upon all that Mr.
Phelps possessed. , at, once began that
long series of' benefactions, almost 'one
quailed in the recordi 'of' Christian benevo
lence in our country, comparinglim with
those who had the same degree of worldly
prosperity. Others,, with, less means, have,
given in larger proportions., Hardly any
with the same means have given as liber
ally. The - full extent of his charities will
never be known; maul of them,are record
ed only on high. He was .always giving.
Hen confined his beneficence to no one char
ity, to no one class_ of charities. Ile gave
to all that seemed to need his gifts. At
home and abroad. in- the counting-house,
and by the wayside, , in town and country,
his hand was -prompt and his heart open.
He never seemed to ask what others had.,
done, : or might do, but what he himself,
could and ought to do. Doubtless theie .
Were 'Some recipients of his benefactions
unworthy: of what was so liberally dis
pensed ; doubtless there were those tnwhom,
he gave for their, importunity; but he al
ways thenght it vasbetter to run therisk.
of being occasionally imposed upon, than'
that of sending a needy and. worthy persOn
empty away. Hardly - a day passed, afters
he became noted for benevolence, in which
he was not applied, to far some object of
public charity, to say nothing of, more pri
vate denations. Spmetimes several in the'
same day would. appeal to him; he found`
the applicants awaiting him in his office;
he found them waiting for him at home
they accosted him as he was going or re
turning; his chief interruption in the
evening were of this class. And yet he
always had a listening-ear ;he did not seem
weary in well-doing. Pressed by these in- -
numerable applications, which often wore
upon his exhausted strength, and• appealed
to sensibilities that were only too keen, he
was, never known to turn away coldly from
a tale of sorrow; every worthy pen3on or
object received even more than they;had
dared to expect. If he knew any one' to be
poor and, needy; Anson G. Phelps was at
once that pe'rson's warm friend.
What is Wanted tu'llake Useful Christians.
What many want' as'active, useful Chris
tians is not so much faith; as lave. As
Ministers of the gospel, without love for
souls we will never be as. zealous for their,
care. As Christian,laymen, the duties of
our religion must be: the main spring of ef
fOr-t; if it be wanting, we lack turesSentill
to success. As teachers of -the, , Sabbath--
School, we must really love: our work; love
the souls of, our young pupils, and feel as
tenderly for them as did our Saviour when
he suffered them to come 'to 'his embrace.
In any businesi, - whether ibr this ,world.or:
for eternity; if we have not a'-liking for it,
if we do not love to be,engaged in it, an ,im
portant element of success iswanting, and
no one Ought•to beiStirPrised if we entirely
fail of the end aimed at. '
A great antiquarian discovery—perhaps
even more important in its results to hie
torical science than the interpretation
the Nitieveh. arrowhe,id Writing—:is grad
ually being made knovin, and will soon 'be
familiar,-though it"is of so late a date as to
be unnoticed by the accomplished editors of
"Rawlinson's : Herodotus." To M. Chevol
son, a German savant established at St.
Petersburg, and known by a fernier work
of great' erudition and authority, on the
•Sabcean People and Religion, we owe this,
great unveilin t ..tr. of the "world's gray
fathers," and, their earliest records. in,
brief, after many years' study among Ara
bic manuscripts to the libraries of Europe,
he 'has proved to the satisfaction' of the -
greatest scholars. of 'the present - day: - --rad
Ewald, Renan,, Meyers, Bunsen; le.---that
in the early part of the tenth century, ac
tual.remains, of early 'Babylenish literature
existed among 'seed uded,tri hes Chaldeans,
near the delta. of the Tigris and Euphrates,
thanks to the immobility of the. Semitic
languages, and the remote • nature of the
country; that an ,Arab of Babylonish
descent, known to us historically_ from au
thentic sources, devoted himielf to the
preSeriation of this . literature by trans
litii3g," it lute Arabic, , patriotic
tives, and that theactranslations still exist,
and are, in the main, a faithful representa
tion of Babylonian, or
in, the books themselves,) Nabatwan
inals, 'transmitted from a=period`of unknown
antiquity,. lon g previous to the era 'of
'Nebuchadnezzar, when Babylon was in its
earliest glory, the , city of the earth,
and the. resort of, 41,th° known nations of
the world. The treatises exhumed by M.
ChevolsOn are titre:Le-4n'Nahatmi:n 'Agri
culture, written , •by liuthami, a • Chal
dean residing at, Babylon, and (occupying
about one thopsa,nd pages of folio.
,4 The Book of Poisons," ,by physician,
named jarluka, fragments from a work
entitled "•The'ilook - of the Mysteries- 1 d
thiit Sun and Mona <»ail lata.cOrkiihitiolf
A Square, (8 lines or less,) ono insertion, 60 cents; 'lack
subsequent ineertion, 40 cents; each line beyond eight,. 6,eta.
A Square per quarter, $1.00; each line additional, 33'cante.
A Ittompricat made to advertisers by the year.
BUSINESS NOTICES of TEN' lines or less, $100; each ad
ditional line, 10 cents.
from Chaldean authorities. An entirely
new fact in history is afforded by Kuthami,
who writes,while Babylon was in subjection
to a Canaanitish dynasty. This, M. Chivol
son (who accepts the ancient Biblical
chronalegy,) supposes to have been estab
lished by the Hyksos or shepherd tribes,
after their 'expultibitfroniEgypt. To non-
Teutonic readers the accessible materials
far investigating this reinarkable discovery
are given in the April number of " The
Christian Rementbrancer," of the deepest
interest, and apparently written by a person
familiar: with the East, and in a paper by
the first Semitic scholar of the time,M.
Renn, in .de last number of the _evue
Cermanigne'.' 'He says it is impossible to
deny the existence of a Babylonian litera
ture, and that the effect is "as though
another Nineveh had been disinterred, or
Babylon itself had cast off, the accumulated
,of ages, and rises fromilsashes to
claim its place in the hisiory of the world."
He only lives for eternifaj who lives a life
ofbeneficence. Other , men may obtain,
perhaps, the pardon of their sins, may
theMselves be saved, as it were, by fire,
while their . works are burned up. The
using his presentefaculties• and possestilohs,
tnniake them posiqvely productive , to
himself in the end The provision .which
Men make for the flesh to fulfill the lusts
thereof; their efforts to raise themselves in
worldly soeiety, to become great and re
nowned, and.to_layoip.,treasures.on earth;
their very meditations and prayers, which
are not the fruit of the beneficent principle,
transmit no good influences, as, far as them
selves are concerned, beyond the grave.
The results of all other human doings,
as to their 'authors at least, either terminate
with' the brief day of this life, , or follow
them into eternity as sources of pain. All,
all is gone, as to their authors, when their
authors themselves pass away hence.
Whit, as 'Co their authors, are all the great
acquisitions and' achievements of the
Mighty. dead, who' did not spend life in
'doing good? The` great writers of. ancient
and modern., times, the Homers the Maros,
the Tuilyi, the Shakspeares, the Miltons,
the Bacons, what as to them, except in so
far`as'dOing good was 'their business, are
the products of their genius and labors ?
They are, gone where their splendid or pro
found pe.rforniances can avail them nothing.
.Their,works have not followed, and never
will follow them. Soon, also their works
themselVes will perish. '
Who then, in sober truth, is now living
wisely for . himself? Who is the prudent
man, that foreseeth the evil and hideth
himself? Who is laying up, for himself a
good foundation against the time to come ?
Who is it that, with any self-consistency
can cengure the spendthrift, the reckless
profligate, as a waster of time and strength
and substance? Is man truly an immor
tal., being ? Is there another life, and a
judgment after death? • Is there truth in
the Bible ? ' Is the religion of Christ no
fable ? -That is the question on which this
argument turns.. Give that qtestioir an
affirmatiye answer ; : .,and all, all are, wasters
—waster of whatever they are, or 'have—
who are not - using - whatever they have
and are, so as to glorify God by doing good
to man.—Rev. 'T. H. Skinner, D. D.
ltiniage Between Unbelievers and Christians.
The lieligiaas Herald states thus guard
edly the view to be taken of union between
parties who are uncongenial in at least one
vital point. While it does not think such
marriages absolutely forbidden, it points
out many evils that flow from them, when
rashly and inconsiderately formed :
It is thdught by some Divines that mar
riage between Christians and unbelievers
is positively forbidden in the Sacred Scrip
tures.- Whether this be so or not, we
would neither affirm nor deny. There are
texts which seem thus to teach, but which
will admit of a different interpretation.
; We have no doubt however that numer
ous evils grow out of such a connexion.
By reason of it the converted one meets
with formidable hindrances in the Chris
tian course, and is subjected to sore trials.
He has not only to advance in the religious
life alone, without a helpmate, but against
the untoward, constant influence of oppo
site example. There is no ,spiritual sym
pathy and communion between the " un
equally yoked "parties. Onlhe most ten
der and momentous of all subjects they
havnothing in common. The Christian
wife would have a family .altar; the unbe
lieving husband erects none. The Chris
tian wife would have her unbelieving- hus
band aeconipany her to the meekly chureh
prayer-meeting; he declines. The . Chris
tian wife' would have her unbelieving Ins
, band•in the Sanctuary regularly upon the,
Sabbath; he is there only w.hen.he feels so
disposed, Which is but occasionally. The
Christian wife would train:up her. children
the nurture and admonition of the
Lord," but is thwarted in her endeavors,
and often discouraged by her unbelieving
huaband?s influence. - •
Thus Unfavorably, thus often disastrously
does the alliance work. - Hard
is-it for a i bird with a broken wing' to• fly,
and hard is it for a Christian linked in
marriage to an :unbeliever, to soar toward
heaven himself, of help on others thither.
The Christian is a man, and more; an
earthly saint, an angel clothed in flesh, the
only lawful linage of his. Maker and Re
deemer,; the abstract of God's Church on
earth;. a model of heaven, made in clay;
the living temple of the Holy Ghost. For
his disposition, it bath in it as much of
heaven as, his earth, may make room for.
He. were MA ,a,man, if he were quite f'ree
frora,corrupt affections- but these he mas
ters, : and keeps in with a straight hand; and
if, at.any time, they grow testy and head
strong, he:hreak.s them with a severe disci
pline, and will.iiather punish himself thin
net He. checks his appetite
with discreet, but strong denials, and for
bears to pamper nature, lest, it grow wanton
and impetuous. He walks on earth, but
converses in heaven, having, eyes fixed on
the invisible world, and enjoying a sweet
communion with his God and Saviour.
While all the rest of the world sits in dark
ness he lives in a ,perpetual light • the
heaven,of heavens ii.open,to none but him.;
thither his ey, nierceth, arta.hpholds those
beams..of inaccessible glory which shine in,
no:face but his. He is holily temperats.in
the use of all,GOd's blessings, as knowing
by whom they-are ; given, and to What end;
neither dares either to mislay them, or to
misspend ,th e m. lavishiy, as duly,,weighing
upon what -terms he receives Aem, and
fors-expecting an account. Such. a hand
doth he carry upon_ his; pleasures . and de-,
lights that they run. not away with, him •
he, knows how to slacken .the, mini without
a debauched,kind of dissoluteness and how
to straiten them without a inllen.rigor.—
SERIOUSNESS in a minima-is, agreeable-.
,thl ,I*MiQ, ' USitiniti men
i tempers. P i a ey.t.„2l.
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PRopartvroas AbrD PuntasiMS
We for Eternity.
A Man; and Mare.