The Weekly Mariettian. (Marietta, Pa.) 1860-1861, July 13, 1861, Image 1
i/t '.:q_t. JohlAE' - 7].:11_ a:tiff/fan pcbtiteb. to. ulixccs, fittrature, Agriculture, Norticitturt, Eke dire anb. Estrut arts, &mai 1633$ zf tTe gag, 'Karat alaformation, lc., F_ I_.a.. 33a17- - er, Editor aaaa. Proprietor_ 'SEVENTH YEAR. Published every Saturday Morning ~ O F PlCE—Front-street, Cron's Row, 2d story, Five doors east of Flury's Hotel-. T.sests, One Dollar a year, payable in advance, and if Subscriptions Le not paid within six months $1.25 will be charged, and if delayed until the expitution of the year, $1.50 will be charged. No subscription received for a less period than six months, and no papervill be discontin ued until all 'meatuses are paid, unless at the option of the publisher. A failure to no tify a discontinuance at the expiration of the term subscribed for, will be considered a new engagement. Any person sending us FIVE. new subscribers shall have a sixth copy for his trouble: DVERTI.SING KATES: One square (12 lines, or less) 50 cents for the first insertion and 0 5 cents for each subsequent insertion. Profes sional and Business cards, of six lines or less at $3 per annum. Notices in the residing columns, five cents a-line. Marriages and Deaths, the simple announcement; FREE; but for any additional lines, five cents a- line. 1 square 3 months, $2.00; 6 months, $3.60; 1 year, $5. Two squares, 3 months, $3: 6 months, $5; 1 year, $7. Half-a-column, 3 months, $8; 6 months, $l2; 1 year, $2O. One column, 6 months, $2O ; 1 year, $3O. }laving recently added a large lot of new Jon AND CARD TYVE, we are prepared to do all kinds of PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL PRINT ING, at short notice and reasonable prices. S TILL IN VIE UNION. = • .TOHN (MULL. HATTER, NO. 92 MARKET STREET, 'MARIETTA MAKES this method of informing his old j_ friends and the public generalty, that he bas re-taken his old stand (recently occupied by George L. Mackley,) and is now perma nently fixed to prosecute 211 E RATTING BUSINESS IN ALL ITS BRANCLIXS, Having just returned from the city where he Iselected a large, vari. d and fashionable assort- Intit of everything in the • HAT AND CAP LINE, and now only asks an examination of his stock and prices, before purchasing elsewhere. Having also laid in a stock of flatting mated he will be enabled, at short notice, to man ufacture all qualities—from the common Soft, to the most Fashionable Silk Hat. Employing none but the best of workmen, and Illittnifacturing good goods at low prices,. he hopes to merit mid receive a liberal Owe o f public. patronage. - The highest price paid for lats.—in trade or cash. ' Marietta, March 9, Mil. SUPPLEE & BRO„ IRON AND BRASS FOUNDERS, And General alfachtnutts, Second street, Below Union, Columbia, Pa. They are prepared to make all kinds of Iron Castings for Rolling Mills and Blast Furnaces, Pipes, for Steam, Water and Gas ; Columns, Fronts, Cellar Doors, Weights, tke., for Buil dingS, and castings of every description ; STEAM ENGINES AND BOILERS, IN TUE TIPST MODERN AND IMPROVED Manner; Pumps, Brick Presses, Shafting and Pulleys, Mill Gearing, 'raps, Dies, Machinery for Mining and Tanning; Brass Bearings, Steam & Blast Gauges, Lubricators, Oil Cocks, Valves for Steam, Gas, and Water; Brass Fit thugs hi all their variety; Boilers, Tanks, Flues, Heaters, Stacks, Bolts, Nuts, Vault Doors, Washers, &c. BLAUKSMITHING in GENERAL. From long experience in building machinery we flatter ourselves that we can give general satis faction to those why may favor us with their orders. ing promptly attended to. Orders by mail addressed us above, will meet With prompt attention. Prices to snit the times. Z. SUPPLEE, 2'. Jt. SUPPLEE. Columbia, October 20, 1860. 14-tf Web) goibe,i• AO Coal tlaisD. THE subscriber haviop, purchased the pro perly lately.occupied by . . CLARK & ZELL. V—:# would most respectfully - call the ~,.,:;7::: attention of his old friends kind customers to to the fact that he is now prepared to sell LUMBER AND COAL at the very lowest figutes by Boat-load, Car load, or otherwise. • His Stock of Lumber will be seletted from one of the hest manufactories and cannot fall to give satisfaction. lie is also prepared to supply "BILL Sruri•" at short notice and at low prices. HIS STOOK OF COAL will consist of Shamokin, Red and White Ash, . Baltimore Company, .Lykens Valley, &c., all of Which he will sell by the Boat load, Car-load, or by the SINGLE TON. He will als continue the receiving of Coal at very low figures, THOMAS ZELL. k 'pr,l 20, 1861-40. !ME! WINES AND LIQUORS. Alexander D. lit'ese, IVLNE AWL) LIQUOR. DEALER, Maim Street., [EAST WARD ] Mouni Joy, Lancaster County, Pa. AE undersigned would most respeetfelly T beg leave to.inform the public that he has nuened a WIDE. ACID LIQUOR ;STORE in all its branches. lie will constantly keep on hand all kinds of Brandies, Winos, Gins, Trish and Scotch • Whisky, Cordials, Bitters, 15 - c. Also a very superior Old Rye Whisky just received, which is warranted pure. A choice article of German Wine. Various brands of Champagne Wines. A. U. R. now asks of the public is a careful examination of his stock and prices, whic h) ill. he is quite confident, result in Ho tel keepers and others finding it to their advan tage to make their purchases of him. ALSO—Kernsene, or Coal Oil, Pine Oil and Fluid at reduced prices, at the "Enterprise Wine Liquor Store.'' A. D. REESE. Mount Joy, JunelS6l-Iy. L. 8:: E. J. ZAIIIVI I—=, 11 &SPEC' FULLY inform their 4.40 It friends and the public that they ....„7 1 still continue the WATCH, CLOW< • tsi A nyJEWELRY business at the old. stand, North-west .Corner of North Com] street and Center Squaw, Lazwaster, A full assortment of goods in our line of hum ness always en hand and for sale ut the lowest cash rates. 113— Repairing attended to per .stia!'!, 0, the prop idols. YANKEE DOODLE. Respectfully Dedicated to the Military Glee club of the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment. BY T. S. DONOHO, OF WASHINGTON Yankee Doodle F Long ago, They played it to deride us But now we march to victory, And that's the tune to guide us ! Yankee Doodle! Ha! Ha! Ha! Yankee Doodle Dandy ! How we made the Red Coats run, At •" Yankee Doodle Dandy 1" To fight is not a pleasant game, But if ws must—we'll do it When" Yankee Doodle " once begins, Our Yankee Boys go through it ! Yankee Doodle I Ha! He ! Hal Yankee Doodle Dandy ! g' Go ahead!" our Captains cry, At " Yankee Doodle Dandy I" And let her come upon the sea, The'insolent invader, There the Yankee Boys will be— Prepared to serenade her! Yankee Doodle! Ha! Ha! Ha! Yankee Doodle Dandy! Yankee guns will sing the bass Of" Yankee Doodle Dandy !" g. Yankee Doodle ?" How it brings The good old days before us! Two or three began the song— Millions join the chorus ! Yankee Doodle ! Ha! Ha! Ht.! Yankee Doodle Dandy ! Rolling round the continent Is " Yankee Doodle Dandy!" Yankee Doodle I Not alone The continent will hear it, But every land shall catch the trine, And every tyrant fear it ! Yankee Doodle! Ha! Ha! Ha! Yankee Doodle Dandy • Freedoni's voice is in 'the song Of ,4 Yanke Doodle Dandy !" A CHINAMAN'S ROMANCE Some forty years ago, the then Em peror of China had in his suite a very intelligent, and according to the Chi nese standard of beauty, a very hand some young Mandarin. An attachment sprang up between the Mandarin, who was known as Tystang Beium, and a very near female relative of his Majesty, the Emperor. The attachment was dis covered, and being forbidden by the laws of China, Tystang ]3eium was con demned to die. He, however, managed to wake his escape, and with his charm er succeeded in eluding pursuit. A sou was born to Tystang Beim, who was called Trykena Beium. In the course of time, the' youth grew up, and follow ing the example of his sire, became also enamored. But in this case the fair lady was one of the lowest domestics on the estate. Beium the elder Beverly whipped Beium the younger, and sent the damsel away, at least she was,never heard of after. Beium the younger was much incensed at the doings of his parent, and took flight for Shanghea.— From Shanghea the.outhful scion work ed his passage to San Francisco ; from thence he found his way to New Arork, and engaged in the usual avocation of his nation—cigar selling. Becoming posseised of some American dollars, he 'looked about him for a chance to con sole him for the loss of his Chinese beauty. He cast his eyes about and settled them upon a buxom WidoW from the Emerald Isle. She proved willing, and on Sunday the representatives of two widely different civilizations were united. After, the marriage a grand time took place at the residence of the bride, where the friends of both parties fraternize till the " wee stria' hours vont the twat." RAILROAD WAGGERY.--Waggs went to the station of one of our railroads the other evening, and finding the best car riage full, said, in a loud tone, "Why this carriage isn't going !" Of course these words caused a general stampede, a nd Waggs took the best seat. The train soon moved off. In the midst of the indignation; the wag'was questioned; —"You said this carriage was'nt going?" it was'nt then," replied Waggs, "but it is now." • SILVERING Ivoay.—lmmerse a small slip of ivory in a weak solution of nitrate of silver, and let it remain until the solution has given it a deep yellow color then take it out and immerse it in a tumbler of clear water, and expose in the water to the rays of the sun. In about three hours the ivory acquires a black color ; but the black surface on being rubbed, soon becomes changed to a •brilliant - silver. A. Moak]. AND MUSICAL CROWD.—An' Erie paper states that &company of vol unteers numbers among its ranks four preachers and thirty-six fiddlers MARIETTA, PA., SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1861, Explanation of War Terms. As a people, we have been so long in a state of peace with all the world, that the technical terms of war are little understood. We have found ourselves snmewhat at a loss in this respect, as we have read of regiments, brigades, bat talions, squadrons, platoons ; of generals, lieutenant generals, major generals, bri gadier generals, colonels, adjutants, lieutenants; of howitzers, mortars, col umbaids, paixhans, caronades, d ahl greens ; of shell, grape, canister, bombs, grenades ; and of the hundreds of other terms of war. It occurs to us that a brief plain explanation of some of these terms will be interesting and useful to our young readers, and aid them in un derstanding the newspaper accounts daily perused. We will first describe some of the implements of war: Gunpowder.—With this all are some what acquainted. It is a condensed compound which, on the application of heat, springs into a large volume of gas (or kind of air) with great power. _Half a gill of posfder will suddenly produce gas enough to till a barrel, or 2000 half gills. Powder in very fine grains burns so fast and expands so quickly as to burst a cast iron gun ; hence very coarse powder is used for canon and large guns. Gunpowder is a mixture of about six ounces of niter (saltpeter) with 1 ounce of sulphur, and one' ounce of charcoal. The charcoal used, is made of small willows carefully burned or heated in close vessels. The niter, sulphur, and charcoal, are ground separately, then together moist, and afterward pressed into solid cakes and dried. These cakes are broken into small fragments, which are put into cylinders and kept revolving until the sharp corners are worn off and the surface of the grains is polished, when they are passed through sieves to assort the coarse and fine grains—the fine being used for small guns, and the large for cannons, for blasting rocks, etc. The fine dust, if packed in a solid mass so that the flame can not spread easily through it, burns slowly upon one side, and is msed for fuses in bomb shells and in blasting, for fire-works, etc. Percussion Powder is composed of materials which are set on fire by the simple friction of a blow. The first guns used, were fired with a lighted 'match.— Then a flint was arranged to strike off small bits of steel from a pan cover.— These bits of steel, too, fire by the fric tion, and falling into the powder in the pan ; set it on fire also. The fire burned through the touch-hole into the gun bar rel. This took time, and very often a well aimed gun would be moved out of place before the powder burned enough to throw out the ball. Now, a little percussion powder placed in a copper cap, is ignited by a blow of the lock, and the percussion powder being veryquick i the flame is driven into the barrel, and the gunpowder explodes before the gun is moved. Such guns are also surer than the old flint locks, in which not unfre quently the flints missed, or the powder got net, or failed to burn through into the barrel. Guns.—These are of many sizes and and have different names. They-, consist of a tube, generally round, in the bottom of which is placed some powder, and over it a ball or a charge of shot.— Generally, the powder is put down from,, from the muzzle, either poured in loose ly, or put in a bag. Soldiers carry car tridges, which are commonly made of little paper tubes,. the ball in one end, and a measured charge of powder be hind it. For cannons, the powder is tied up in flannel bags. Some modern guris are arranged to be opened at the breech, and the charge is, put in there. These are called breech loading guns.— All guns, large and small, may be divid ed into two classes, viz : the Smooth Bore, and the Rifted Bore. At first, all were made smooth bore ; then hunter's rifle-bored guns, or "rifles," were made ; but muskets, shot-guns, and cannons were still retained with smooth barrels; then rifled army muskets were made, and just now they are•niaking rifled cannon. The scare so much better, that it•now seems strange that they have not always been made so. It is impossible to cast a lead or iron hall so that it will be equally heavy in every part, and exactly fit a gun barrel. When a gun is fired a few times, it expands by the heat, so as to be too large for the ball. When a ball is sent through the smooth, ,barrel, it 'mooves from side to side, and`: when it goes out into the air, one pide hap pening to be a trifle the heaviest, it keeps moving off to that side, which. may chance to be up or down, or to. the right or left, so that it is next to impos sible to send it exactly straight forward. If its forward end or side be irregular, it will dart off a little to one side or the other as it cuts through the air. The ite.Bore prevents this difficulty thus : On the inside of the barrel are little groves, or railway tracks, so to call them. These do not run straight along the barrel, but spirally around it. Thus, if one of these grooves begins at the up per side of the breech of the barrel, it gradually winds around to the bottom or to one side, and in very long guns the grooves go nearly or quite around, but generally only about half or three quar ters of the way round so as to turn the ball once in from five to ten feet. When lead balls are used, the sides of the ball are forced into these grooves, and when driven out, the ball is given a rotary motion, that is, it moves along just as if it were a bead sliding on a string, and kept turning around the string at the same time. The great advantage of this is, that the inequalities in the weight and shape of the ball are turned, now to this side, now to that, now up, and now down, and the ball is thus varied as much one way as the other, in other words• it goes straight forward. The balls:can also be made long and pointed, which enables them to go through the air bet ter, with less resistance in proportion to their weight. Rffied Cannon.—ln the old smooth bore cannon the iron balls could not be made to fly exactly in a straight line.— The same gun aimed in the same direc tion, would vary the ball from side to side of a mark, several feet in shooting a mile or less. By rifle boring the bar srel, a good gunner can now hit a man a mile or two, or so far as he can be sight ed. As iron canon balls can not be pressed into the grooves, a ring or cup of lead is put on the back part of the ball, and this on firing rs expanded or forced into the grooves, which not only gives the ball its rotary motion, but the lead also stops up the space around the ball, and prevents the escape of gas, thus giving greater power to the powder.— The space necessarily left between a solid ball and the barrel, is called the " windage." Mortars.—These are short, stout guns, having a large bore. They are not sot upon w,heels, but upon a heavy low frame work, and are used for throwing heavy balls and shells high in the air, to fall down upon fortifications, into forts, towns, etc. They are too short to throw a ball horizontally against the side of a wall. OWing to their shortness, they are comparatively light in proportion to the large ball Or shell which they carry. The Howitzer, is'longer than the mor tar, and carries a smaller ball or shell. The powder chamber back of the ball is smaller than the rest of the barrel, In 'which it differs from other cannons.— Mountain Howitzers are Merely Howit zers of light weight, which can be easily carried over mountains. A Caronade is like the howitzer, but differs from it in being fastened to the carriage by a loop of iron ander the middle, instead of resting on " trunions," or projections from the side. It is named from Caron, a village in Scotland, where it was first made. The Columbaid differs from the howit zer in having, no chamber, the bore being of equal diameter, throughout: It is also made much thicker at the breech than at the muzzle, which gives great strength to that part of the piece where the principal force of the powder is ex erted, so that lighter cannon of great bore, for large shells, can be cast in this form with less danger of their bursting. Both solid shot and shell are fired from the Columbaid. The Paixhan is only another name for the Columbaid, and is so called from Gen. Faixhan, of France, who introduc ed the invention from America into the French Army. • . The Dahlgreen Gun, somewhat resem bles the Columbaid. It is used fCir fi ring both solid shot and shell. It is named after Captain Dahlgreen of the Unite - d States army, who devised it. The Whitworth Gun, is a rifled cannon, loaded at the breech. It carries a long conical ball, cast with projections on its sides to fit the grooves of the gnu. -The' breech is screwed off, when the load is put in, and then screwed on again for firing. The Armstrong Grin is also a rifled piece. Its principal peculiarly is in the ball used, which has bands of-lead cast uponit, to fit the grooves. It is-ionie what- hbjec,tional for field- uSe; bdcause these bduldi, are apt to fly oft, and kill those standing near the kun whencit'is discharged, Parts of a Cannon, etc.—Muzzt.U.-- The mouth, where the ball leaves the Ter - rn—Ctaae a -Mar_ piece. BREECH.—The end where the fire is applied. CALIBER—The site of the bore. CAsCAEEc.—The knob at the ex tremity of the breech. CHAMBER.—The smaller cavity at the bottom of the bore. Tnumoigs.--Projectiong from the sides' of the cannon, to support it on the car riage. Projectiles, signify any thing thiown or projected. Shot and shell are the prin cipal projectiles used in cannon. Round Shot, are solid spherical iron balls, of different weights, from two to more than' a hundred pounds. The sizes most em--' ployed in battle on the open field, weigh from four to twelve pounds. The guns from which they are thrown are called Light Artillery. Heavier shot are used in Heavy Artillery, for battering down fortifications, sinking vessels, ete. Ear Shot, consist of two round shot joined by a solid bar, like a dumb-bell. Chain Shot, are two round shot linked together by a chain. These are used mostly for' firing at vessels, to destroy their masts . and rigging. Grape Shot, are small iron ' balls bound together in a canvas bag.— They are usually arranged around an iron spike, somewhat in the form of a bunch of grapes. Canister or Case Shot, are iron bullets enclosed in a tin box or case. The Common Shell, or Bomb, is a large hollow sphere of iron, filled with powder. A fuse is attached, which takes fire and burns slowly until the shell reaches the point aimed at, and then explodes the shell and scatters the frag ments. In the improved shell, the fuse is made of powder ground fine, enclosed between two metal plates, and fitted to the opening in the shell. The inner Plate has' an opening leading to the powder within the shell, and the outer One is marked with the figures 1,2, 3, 4. Before the gunner puts it into the can non, he pierces the plate at one of these figures, at 1 if he desires the shell to ex plode in one second, at 2 for two sec onds, and so on. Sharpnell Or Spheri cal Case, are large hollow shot filled with lead bullets, to which a fuse is at tached. When fired, the powder just breaks the shell in the air, and the bul lets fiy on with the impetus received from the powder in the cannon, but "scatter" so as to cover a considerable space. The Carcasse, is a shell pierced with several holes and containing some highly inflainable iugredients, which are set on fire by the . , burning fuse. It, con tinues to send out flames for several minutes, and is. used for setting build ings or ships on fire. Round shot are somtimes heated red hot and fired for the same purpose ; and -recently hollow, thin shells filled with melted iron, have been used. The Hand Grenade, is a small thin shell filled with balls and powder, and fitted• with a fuse. It is thrown by hand, the fuse having first been lighted. It is used to drive off attacking parties from a fort or vessel, to throw over breast works, or into forts, and is a formidable weapon. CAPTURE of A REVOLVING GIIN.-A member of the Thirteenth regiment Col. Smith, writing to. the Brooklyn Eagle, says that Corporal William H. Russell, of Company E, discovered a revolving gun on the 24th, and with a squad of men took .possession of it. It is owned by Mr. William of New 'York, and was invented by Emerson Ames ; who is now in Europe trying to dispose of the model. It is mounted on a two wheeled carriage, his 'eight chambers. and is capable of being fired forty times a minute by four men. It carries a one and , a- half pound Minis ball of two in ches diameter, and will tarty one mile with one and a half ounces of powder.— It is one of the most simple and com plete pieces of mechanism yet invented. When s . first discovered the machine Was in pteces, and concealed among a lot of curled hair in a shop in Baltimore.-- It has been put together, and will be sent to Fort McHenry. WILL PREACH, PRAY, OR FTGIIT.-A . . Methodist minister in Ohio, being anx ious to obtain a situatiorr-asz*.clmAin in a regiment, wrote to , the Governor: "J. am aalethodist.preacher of the North o,ldo Conference, am forty-eight ; years of age, and will preach, pray, or. fight, as occasion requires." ;HEAVY SHOE CONTRACTS.—It is stated by a Boston paper that the Government will soon issue proposals for the manu facture of four hundred thousand pairs of sowed shoes, Dir. the use of the army. An Edifer acknowledg,es the re ceipt of a bo'ttle H of hianily, forty-eight years old ; and saysiChischrandy is ,so old that we very much fear it'cannot live much longer." NO. 51. ,jVieut. atunmPir Saads. ! 000rr•- J. R. DIFFENBAGEL- AT NO. 62 MARKET STEkET, MARIETTA:,'PA.i HAS JUST RECEIVED ' His New Stook of Spring Goods. - EnrE i 3 placieg on his Shelves gild ready for e x amination and sale, thelargest and best selected stock of fashionable Srairw . Goons ever offered in this' bordrith, tb which lit now invites the attention of the public. New Styles' Fancy Dress Gordis,. Supetior makes of Silks large assortment oiCsilicos Extra quality hfuslins, all pricel, Best Mike of Flannels, ' do A large stock of Shawls, • Plain and Barred Sack'd Flannels. 'White Goods, Mitts Linens, Embroideries, Dress Trimmings, faces, Gloves, Hedins, Very large stock of Domestic goods. Spring Satinetts and Cassimeres, Bleached and Unbleached Muslins: Delaines, Calicos and Gingham, Drillings,_Sheetings and Checks, Pant Stuff, Hickory and Tickingsi Splendid Calicos for six cents, Good quality Muslin, slx eents, Heavy Unbleached MlWins, six cents: Embossed Paper Colars, ten for a Quater, Paper Neck-Ties=sontething new, cheap and\ beautiful. ALL KINDS OF HeaSE FIIIMISITING gOO/05." Linen and Woolen Table covers. Plain, °filaments]. and Oiled Window Mindy and Patent Fixtures; Wahl Papers, Caipets, Floor Oil CrOths Canton Mattingi Wall and Window Papeii Transparent Blinds. Glads, Queensware and Cedar:yam: Gaiters, Slippers, Boots,-Shoca, Brogan!, &c: 'Very superior Syrup at 60 cents a gallon: All kinds of Liquors wholesale or retail. la-A LARGE STOCK OF CHEAP GROCERIES. The highest price given for Country produce: T) MT. DE GRATH woul& state explicitly JE that he is the discoverer and soli possessor of the secret 6f the manufacture of Electric Oil, which could not be purchased fig $1,000; 000—and $50;000 will be given to any chemist who will make it. My Oil has performed all the Clues published in the Ledger for years past: Ask Col. Grant, 26 North Thirteenth street, Dr. 'Ellingsworth,' Keyser, now at St. Lawrence Hotel ,; George t. Bayer, 302 Jarvis street; Mt. Cripps, Thirteenth and Girard Avenue, and others, ad infinition, whd have been. cured of Rheumatism, Deafness; Sm., by my oa in Philadelphia. It is also, a 'Valuable remedy for Colds, Splintsi: Spaviri and Scratches on horses. . Price 25 cents, 50 cents, and SI. PEON. CHARtIEd Dc GEATTIi Philadelphia; En. 11' None geintine.Without signature of Prof. C. DE GAATH. Labels signed in writing. Principal Repot, No'. 217 Sprlth Eighth. S* Philadelphia.,i Country dealers and druggists can be stippled wholesale and retail. Pnce 25 tents, 50 cents, and 11.1 per huttle. Try everything else ; give this one simple trial. CAuzzoN—Se careful to ask for. and e t Dr GRATH'S Electric Oil, as worthlesi imitations *bound. There are numerous imitations spring up on the reputation My article has acquired. The public Mast beware. They are worthless. For sate by all dealers and druggists cipal office 217 South Bth street, Phila. Feb. 2-Iy] LARKIN Si CO.; VANSI)011) T1401'0040) S. E. Corner Eighth and Arch streets ; I ErITRAfICE ON EIORTII STREET, 3 PHILADELPHIA. A.l TER many years' 'experience in an the various brancheS of the Art, the Proprietors confidently invite the ,attention oftheir friends and the public to their extensive establishment, which Presents the' opportunity for procuring the best pictures, equal at least; to ally tast eless Gallery in the United States. • . Preparations are complete fot etecuting, all the improved styles known to the Art. They have a patent arrangement for copying Da guerreotypes, &c., &c., Making them Life sizei if desired—the only one of the kind in this country. Attached to this establishment are three coloring Artists. Photographs; including. Painting, as low es $2 00; Photographs, with Frame as low as $2 82 Photographs at 75 cents. Extra copies Xi PHOTOGRAPHS AT ONE DOLLAR! cts. or $5 per doz. Life size Photo.; graphs as low as $6, and Uorytype at same price. Durable Arnbrotypes at 50 cents and upwards; A most extensive assortment of Gilt Frannie, embracing a select and choice variety of the latest styles. Price 9 from 62 cents and Up wards. Especial attention bestowed upon Life4ized Photographs in oil, transferred from srhall pic tures and frorr life. Prices from $l6 to $lOO. InstructiOns given in the Art. Februart 23, 1861-Iy. J. R. H9FFER, Civil En9ineer, Surveyor, Conveyancer • and Draughtsman, Main-st., Mountjoy, Lancaster Co., Pa. „LL kinds of land surveying "and ditiding levelling of water courses, roads, &c. Ac curate and neatplain and ornamental Mapping and drpughting of town plans, large landed es tates, &c. Mechanics, Qtuvriers" and Earth murk measured and estimated. Deeds, Relea ses, Powers of attorney and other legal instru ments neatly and accurately drawn. Execu tore., Administrators', Assignees' and Guar dians accounts stated. Fle is alai) Agent for the sale of the Ridgeway Farm and band Company's Lands in Fat'County, Pa. Commithications by letter omptlY attended to. A SUPERIOR COOK' STOVE, very pinin 1-1 style, each one warranted to per- form to the entire satisfaction of the purchaser. STERRETT tk CO. • _ . OAkET4IING NEW UNDER THE SUN I Pape Ties, beautiful,. 4813.10ib1e and, cheap, '2ll Diffenbach's. . , MO' LANDLORDS! Just received, Scotch and Irish WHISKIES, tyxpin. ted pure, at H. D. Trajamain's. li/r7 }LAIN'S Concentrated Wheat Ceiree, Vior BiLle at WOISE,S; riONSTANTLir on hand, hip 1„) tified Whiskey. - . .A.)akfige, XCELLE,N7 Cooking ikjide r ,s on i. 114 always on hand at At: I 3 011. LE DPS long ,celeb 3 - • H. T,I.IIIBOSSED-PAVT ERO, F. 4 Quarter, at Diffenbacki UPERIOR COAL O . . g cheap at 0 at, Dr. Grove's Drug ACkts6 la / . , S jal gra'