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, s4:lctiotcb . t plitics, Nittraturt, Igrttutturt, (jortitulturt, c fin nub' castfut 05traral Bcius of fly 'Natal ;4111fOtillatitril,
Pl_ =clitor aaia Proprietor_
Y.alietisfeis Cottpilj ?)eißibika Aollhat
AT ONE DOLLAR , A-YEAR,
PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.
OFFICE : ON FRONT €TREET,
SROOND STORY OF ORULL'S ROW,
Five door a East of Mrs. Flury's Hotel.
IF 'subscriptions to not paid within 6 months
$1.25 will be charged, and if delayed until the
expiration of the year, $1.50 will be charged.
No subscription received for a less period than
six months, and no paper will be discontin
ued until all arrearages are paid, unless at
the option of the publisher. A failure to no
tify a discontinuance at the expiration of the
term subscribed for, will be considered a new
Any pe,rson sending us FIVE new subscribers
shall have a sixth copy for his trouble.
dkuvEnTrslno RaTus: One square (12 lines,
or less) 50 cents for the first insertion and 25
cents for each subsequent insertion. Profes
sional and Business cards, of six lines or less
at $3 per annum. Notices in the reading
columns, fire rents -line. 'Marriages and
Deaths, the simple announcement, FREE;
but for any additional lines, five cents a line.
I square 3 months, $2.00; 6 months, $3.50;
1 year, $5. Two squares, 3 months, $3:
6 months, $5; ; year, $7. Half-u-column,
3 months, $5; 6 months, $l2; 1 year, $2O.
One column, 6 months, $2O ; 1 year, $3O.
!Flaying recently added a larLte lot of new Jon
AND CARD Type, we are prepared to do all
kinds of PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL PRINT
ING; at short notice and reasonable prices.
( jorougij pitatm.
Chief Burgess, Samuel D. Miller,
ASsistanC Burgess, Peter Baker,
Town Council, Jlurr Spangler, (President)
John Crull, Thinnas Sterke, Ed. P. Trainer,
henry S. Libhart.
Town Clerk, Theo: Iliestand.
Treasurer, John Auxer.
Assessor of Taxes, William Child, Jun.,
Collector of Taxes, Frederick L. Baker.
Justice of the Peace, Emanuel 1). Roath.
Righ.Conktable, Absalom Hmswiler.
Assistant. Constable, Franklin K. Mosey.
Regulators, John H. Goodman, E. 1). Roath.
Supervisor, Samuel nipple, Sen.
School Directors, John Jay Libhart, Presi
dent, E. D. Routh, Treasurer, C. A. Schaffner,
Seeretarn .John K. Fidler, A.aron B. Grosh,
Jonathan M. Larzelere.
Post Office Hours: The Post Office will
be open from 7 o'clock in the morning until
bin the evening. Chas. Kelly, Postmaster.
Beneficial Societies: THE HARMONY, A.. N.
Cassel, President; John Jay Libhart, Treasur
er; Barr Spangler, Secretary. Ttl 1: PIONEER,
John Jay Libhart, President; Abrm Cassel,
Treasurer; Wm. Child, jr., Secretary.
1 - IISCOVERED AT LAST! Greatest Cure
ji in the World For Paint
PROF. CHAS. DE GRATH'S
it IHIS on is the only sure remedy in the
world for the Cure of Rheumatism, Deaf
ness, Gout, Neuralgia, Lumbago, Sciatica,
Spinal and Bronchial complaints, Tic Dolor
mix, Headache, Cramps, Croup, Piles, Felons,
Sprains and Bruises, Cuts and Wounds, Swell
ed Glands, Stiff Joints, Scrofula, Erysipelas,
Sore Nipples, Swelled Breast, Womb Disor
ders, Salt Rheum, Canker in the Mouth and
Stomach, Palputat ion, pru ptions,Caked Breast,
, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Patsy, Pldurisy, Ulcers,
Loa( Jaw, Heart Burn, Tooth and'Ear-ache ;
Nervousness, Costiveness, Burns, Sore Gums
of, teething infants. Hemorrhage, Abscess, Stiff
Neat,' Broken Breast, . Chilblains, Tetter,
Shingles, Frosted Feet, Fever and Ague,Chapp
ed Hands, or any Diseases that are sore or
painful, in the only article ever brought be
fore the public that will do its work perfectly
in from three to twenty minuets—has been
used by thousands and pronounced to be the
best remedy ever discovered.
This Oil acts on the system with electricity
—is. of purq• vegetable preparation, Not the
slightest danger of applying it outwardly or
inwardly. It at once given a permanent cure
—in most cases from ten to twenty minuets.
The best physiologists of Europe have discov
ered that all organic derangement of the ani
mal system is the effect of an obstruction of the
physico-electric fluid in the nrgah diseased.—
A skillful application of this Oil puts in im
mediate, motion the nerve fluid. and the cure is
titmice accomplished. No bleedings—no vom
iting, purging or blistering is resorted to.
Nene genuine without signature of Prof.
C. DE GRATH. Labels signed in writing.
Principal Depot No. 217 South Eighth St.
Philadelphia. Country dealers and druggists
can be supplied wholesale and retail. Price
2fl cents,.so cents, and .$ I per bottle.
Try everything else ; give this one simple
CAUTION—Be careful to ask for and get DE
Prvrit's Electric Oil, as worthless imitations
There are numerous imitations sprung up on
the reputation my article has acquired.. 'I he
public must beware. They are worthless.
For sale - by all dealers and druggists. Prin
cipal office 217 South St ti street, Phila.
J. A. CONGDON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
14 . 1 A R I P.TTA; PA.,
Opposite the residence of ed. J. W. Clark.
Prompt attention given to securing and collect..
ing Claims, and Orphans' Court business
generally. Will attend to business in
Lancaster and adjoining counties.
Conveyancing and other writings pro'mptly
EWELRY.—A large and selected stock of
J'fine jewelry of the latest patterns from the
best factories in the country can be found at
H. L. & E. J. ZAMA'S.
Cor. North Queen st. and Centre Square, Lan
caster, Pa. Our prices are moderate and all
foods warranted to be as represented.
FRESH HOME GI-WIT:ND SPICES AT
A.N DERSOIV , c! ! Attention Butchers
and Houskeepers. Having a great demand for
our famed SPICES, 1 hare concluded to con
tinue to keep a constant supply of Ground Pep
per, Ground Corrionder, and Sweet .111arjoram.
ALL P APER.S.—We have Just received
another supply from the New York and
ill ca be n
on the newest . styles, w
k , wally low at T. li. Ditlenbach,s.
! LAMPS! SHADES, &C. The
ivied has received-another lot of
al Oil Lamps, and Lamp Shades
Pty and price. Call and see them
s Drug Store.
lose beautiful S 0 F Tit
s*. l'unon's 001)Ceptilta
FOR DELICATE DISEASES.
NO. 1. THE GREAT REVIVER. —Speedil
eradicates all the evil effects of self abuse
as loss of memory, shortness of breath, giddi
ness, palpitation of the heart, dimness o vis
ion, or any constitutional derangement of the
system brought on by the unrestrained indul
gence of the passions. Acts alike on either sex.
Price one dollar.
No. 2. Tit e BAT. M.—Will cure in from two
to eight days, any case of Gonorrhoea,(clap)is
without taste or smell and requires no restric
tion of action or diet ; for either sex ; price $l.
NO. 3. Tim TEnEB will cure Gleet in the
shortest possible time, and I can show certify
rates of ,cures effected by this remedy, wher
all others have failed. No taste or smell.—
Price one dollar.
NO. 4. TILE Putcryna is the only known
remedy that will positively cure strictures of
the urethra no matter of how long standing or
neglected the case may be. Price one dollar.
NO. 5. TUE- SOLUTOR will cure any case
of Gravel permanently and speedily remove
all diseases from the bladder and kidneys.—
Price one dollar.
No. 6. THE PREVENTOR is a sure preven
tion against the contraction of any disease, is
less expensive and far preferable to anything
in use. Adapted to either sex. Price L.
NO 7. THE AMARIIS will cure the whites
radically and in less time than they can be ef
fectually removed by any other treatment ; in
fact this. is the, only remedy that will really
cure this disease ; pleasant to take. Price $l.
NO. S. THE ORIENTAL PASTIES are Cei•-
tain, safe and speedy in producing menstrua
tion or coirecting any irregularities of the
Monthly periods: Price two dollars.
No. 9. THE FEMALE SAFEGUARD, or Off
spring Regulator will last a lifetime. Price $5.
Either of the Remedies will be sent free by
mail on receipt of the price annexed. Circu
lars containing valutede information with full
description of each Remedy, may he obtained
by enclosing one post stamp. Address
DR. FELIX BRUIVON, Box 99,
These Remedies arc sold in Marietta only4iy
JOHN JAY -I.II3IIART, where circulars con
raining a full description of ,each case can lie
obtained gratis, on application.
General Depet, North East Corner of York
Avenue and Callowhill street, Philadelphia, Pa.
!Cif'Lt complicated cases 1 can be consulted
by letter, or personally at my office ; entrance,
No. 401 York Avenue. / Ba. F. Bauaoa.
August 27, 1859.-Ir..
Al OF FAT'S
LIFE PILLS ce (BNIX BITTERS.
rip HESE MEDICIN ES have now been before
the public for a period of thirty years, and
during that time have maintained a high char
acter in almost every part of the Globe, for
their extraordinary and immediate power of
restoring perfect health to persons suffering
under nearly every kind of disease to which
the human frame is liable.
The following are among the distiessing va
riety of human diseases in which the
VEGETAIME LIFE MEDICINES
Are well known to be infallible
DYSPEPSIA,.by thoroughly cleansing the
first and second stomachs, and creating a flow
of pure, healthy bile, instead of the stale and
amid kind ; FLATULENCY, Loss of Appe
tite, Heartburn, Headache, Restlessness, ill-
Temper, AOXiety, Languor, and ltielancholi,
which are the general symptoms of Dyspepsia,
will vanish, as a natural consequence of its
COSTIVENESS. by - cleansing the whole
lenth of the intestines,with a solvent process,
and without violence ; all violent purges leave
the bowels costive within two days.
. . _
FE VERS of all kinds, by restoring the blood
to a regular circulation, through the process of
prespitation in such cases, and the thorough
solution of all intestinal otMruction in others.
The Life Medicines have been known to cure
RHEUMATISM permanently in three weeks,
and GOUT in half that time, by removing lo
cal inflammation from the muscles and liga
ments of the, joints.
DROPSIES of all kinds, by freeing and
strengthening the kidneys and bladder; they
operate most delightfully on these important
organs, and hence have ever been found a cer
tain remedy for the worst cases of GRAVEL.
Also WORMS, by diSlodging from the turn
ings of the bowels the slimy mutter to which
these creatures adhere. .
SCURVY, ULCERS. and INVETERATE
SORES, by the perfect purity which these Life
Medicines give to the blood, and ail the humors.
SCORBUTIC ERUPTIONS and Bad Com
plexions, by their alterative effect upon the
fluids that feed the skin, and the morbid state
of which occasions all eruptive complaints,
sallow, cloudy, and other uisagreeable cum-
_he use of these Pills for
will effect an entire cure of SALT RHEUM,
and a striking improvement in the clearness of
the skin. CAIM ON COLDS and INFLU
ENZA will always he cured by one dose, or by
two in the worst cases.
PILES.—The original proprietor of these
Medicines, was cured of Piles, of 35 years
standing by the use of the Life Medicines alone.
FEVER AND AGUE.—For this scourge of
the Western country, these .Medicines will be
found a safe, speedy, and certain remedy.—
Other medicines have the system subject to a
return of the disease—a cure by these Medi
cines is permanent—try them, be satisfied, and
BILIOUS FEVERS AND LIVER COM
PLAINTS.-:-General Debility, Loss of Appe
tite, and Diseases of Females—the Medicines
have been used with the most befiefieial results
in cases of this description :—Kings Evil, and
Sprofula, in its worst forms, yields to the mild
yet powerful action of these remarkable Med
icines. Night Sweats, Nervous Debility, Ner
vous Complaints of all kinds, Palpitation of
the Heart, Painters' Colic, are speedily cured.
MERCURIAL DISEASES.—Persons whose
constitutions have become impaired by the in
julicious use of Mercury, will, find these Med
icines a perfect cure, as they never fail to erad
icate from the system, all the effects of Med
cury, infinitely sooner than the most powerful
preparations of Sarsap.rilla. Prepared and
sold by W. B. MOFFAT,
335 Broadway, New York.
FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS.
DANIEL G. BAKER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
OFFICE :—No. 24 NORTH DUKE STREET,
opposite the Court House; where he will at
tend to the practice of his profession in all its
various bran.ches. [Nov.4, ,59.-ly
D 12.. J. Z. HOFFER, DENTIST,
OF THE BALTIMORE COLLEGE OF DENTAL
SURGERY, LATE OF HARRISBURG, PA.
OFFICE: Front street, fourth door
from Locust, over Saylor & McDon
aid's Book Store,. Columbia. Entrance be
ween the Drug and Book Stores. [3-ly
A GENERAL ASSORTMENT OF
Hammered and Rolled Iron H
S. liars, Norway, Nail Rods, American
and German Spring and Cast Steel, Wagon
Boxes, Iron Axles, Springs, &c., for smiths.
STISRETT 4 , CO.
lIFTEEN EMPTY MOLASSES (Ea
K. D Saift at .
MARIETTA, PA., SATURDAY, MARCH 23, 1861.
HOME WHERE'ER THE HEART IS
'Tis home where'er the heart is;
Where'er its loved one dwell,
In cities or in cottages,
Thronged haunts of mossy dell:
The heart's a rover ever,
And thus on wake and wild,
The maiden With her lover walks,
The mother with her child.
'Tis bright where'er the heart is;
Its fairy,spells can, bring
Fresh fountains to the wilderness,
And to the desert spring.
There are green isles in ocean,
O'er which affection glides;
And a haven on each ragged shore
When love's the helm that guides
'Tis free whereer the heart is;
Nor chain nor dungeon dim,
May check the mind's asprings,
The spirit's pealing liyinn !.
The heart gives life its beauty,
lts glory and its power,—
'Ds sunlight to its rippling stream,
LiAnd soft dew to its Hower.
ten two caravans meet in the inte
rior of Africa, the two head men ap
proach each other, then go back a rea
sonable distance, lower their heads and
butt. The one that goes down has to
yield the right of way to the caravan who
"downs" him. Perhaps this would be as
goodra way as any for President Lincoln
and president Davis to settle the sec
The Courier intimates that the ion.
J. P. Benjamin is about to sue for. fijs
lost character. Instead of getting 'oti • t r
subpoenas on this trial, he will have to
employ search warrants. We hope he
may be successful, although we fully
agree with Douglas Jerrold that "the
character which requires the law to mend
it is hardly worth the tinkering."
South Carolina is using her iAilroad
iron to strengthen her floating batteries.
She can well do that, for she has no
longer any use for railroads. No per-,
sons from abroad are immigrating to her
territory, and she doesu't want to afford
facilities for emigration.
Gen. Twiggs.by his shameful and trai
torous surrender of the federal military
property is Texas to the revolutionists
has made his character "black and :be
grimed," as his head has been for years
under the influence of his special hair dye.
It might be well, in taking any future
Territory into the Union as aState.„ to
require from her a bond with reasonable
security, that she will not secede iu less
than ninety days. Perhaps there might
be a compromise on sixty.
The Albany Evening-Journal says that
Toombs is a profound egotist. No doubt
if he were on the gallows, he would con
tinue to talk of himself until the sheriff
Some Of President Jeff Davis' admi
rers in Rome. Ga., are making prepara
tions to present him a fine buggy. Such
a present to him seems entirely unneces
sary. We guess he will soon find the
official bed he sleeps iu a little buggy.
Mr. Lincoln has his hand shaken thous
ands of times a day, but his homeliness
prevents his being half smothered with
the kisses of pretty women, as Mr. Clay
used to be, and as we are' in all our ex-
a very shortti me
"President' Davis in his inaugural
fights imaginary foes, by way of prepar
ation, we presume, as .Eleenan pummelled
large sand bags when in training for his
match with 'Sayers.
A New le orb: paper thinks, that, if Mr.
Buchanan's Jerry Black were to assume
the judicial robes on a bench where
Marshall and Story have sat, it would be
a flagrant case of contempt of court.
The secession party laughs at the emp
tiness of the U. S. Treasury That par
ty supplied:fromits own ranks the goy.
ernment officers who emptied the Treas
ury by.the stealing of millions.
A contemporary says "the Southern
republic finds itself between the devil
and the deep sea." Yes, and, full of the
one, it will run "violently down a steep
place" into the other.
A Georgia paper says that Sduthern
soldierscan always stand fire. No doubt
of that, and the secession leaders, most
undeniably, can stand fire—and steal.
It is said that the South Carolina
soldiers don't get enough to eat. They
don't much like warfare. Can't they
cook their palmettos and rattle-snakes?
• The seceding States, fearing no doubt
a deplorable want of provisions, have
made a provisional government.
The. Southern Government, it is said,
intends flying its. .Keitt to a foreign
country. . .
A flower is sweeter the more it is
pressed. So is a young woman.
Co]. Sumner, who succeeds Twiggs, is
said to be 60 years of age.
PERSONAL OF THE NEW CABINET
WM. 11. SEWARD, SECRETARY Ol' STATE
Mr: Seward was born in Orange coun
ty, in the State of New York, on the
16th of May, 1801. He was educated at
Union College, in this State, and took
the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1820,
and of Master, of Arts in 1824. At the
age of twenty-one be established himself
at Auburn in the profession of the law,
and soon .acquired a lucrative and ex
tending practice. Early in his public
and .professional life he travelled in the
Southern slave States; and is supposed
to have formed at that time the opinions
and principles hostile to slavery to which
he has since given expression. Igo
greater degree than is known of any
other American statesman—M r. Sumner,
perhaps, exceptedthe object of his life
seems to have been to counteract the ex
tension. of slavery. Upon other ques
tions Mr. Seward's policy may be de
scribed as humanitarian. He is in favor
of the education of the people, of the
amelioration of the laws, and of the de
velopment of the material resources of
the United States. In these respects he
has ever been among the formost of
American statesmen, and may justly
claim the praise bestowed upon him by
his friends, and scarcely denied by his
,opponents, of being "the best and clear
est head -in America." In 1830 he had
acquired such influence and character
that he was elected a member of the
Senate of the State of New York, then
the highest judicial tribunal of the State,
as well as a legislative body. In 1834,
at the close of his term of four years, he
was nominated a candidate for the Gov
ernorship of the State of New York, in
opposition to Mr. William L. Marcy,
the then Governor, and, later, the dis
tinguished Secretary of State of the Uni
ted States. On this occasion Mr. Sew
ard was defeated by a majority of nearly
10,000. In 1839, his party becoming
bolder and stronger, he was triumphantly
elected, in opposition to Mr. Marcy, the
majority being greater. than his previ
ous minority. Without having passed
trough the lower stratum of the House
of Representatives, he was in 1849 elec
ted to the Senate of the United States
for sixyears. Ho gave so much satis
faction that he was re-elected in 1855,
S. P. - CEIASE, SECRETARY OF TREASURY
Salmon Portland Chase was born at
Cornish, N. H., on the. opposite bank of
the Connecticut river from Windsor,
Vt., in the year 1808. Whemnine years
of age his father died, and three years
after this bereavement, in 1810, young
Chase was found at the seminary in
Worthington, Ohio, then conducted.by
the venerable Bishop Philander Chase,
his uncle. Here he remained until
Bishop Chase accepted the presidency
of Cincinnati College, entering which,
our student soon became a chief among
.After a. year's residence at
Cincinnati, be returned to his maternal
home in New Hampshire, and shortly
after resumed his studies in Dartmouth
College, Hanover, where' he graduated
in 1826. He shortly after commenced
the study of law in the city of Washing
ton; under the guidance of the celebra
ted William Wirt, then Attorney Gen
eral of the United States. He sustained
himself during the years of his profw.
sional studies by imparting instruction
to a select school for boys, composed in
part of the sans of the most distinguished
men of the nation. He was admitted to
the bar at Washington in 1829, and iu
the following year returned to to Cincin
nati anr,entered upon the practice of
his profession - , in which he soon rose ,to
eminence, and in which he was distin
gnished for industry and patient investi
gation. He was subsequently elected a
member of the United States Senate,
and upon the expiration of his Senatorial
term, he was put in nomination for Gov
ernor of Ohio, and elected.. He was
again put in nomination for Governor,
and was again elected to that position.
SIMON CAMERON, SECRETARY OF WAR
Gen. Simon Cameron was , born in Lan
caster county, Pennsylvania. Reverses
and misrortune'S in his father's family
cast him very early in life on the world
to shape and carve out his own fortune.
After having removed to Sunbury, in
Northumberland county, his father died,
while Simon was yet a boy. In 181'7 he'
came to Harrisburg and bound hi itself
as an apprentice to the printing business
to James Peacock, who is still a resident
of Harrisburg, and one of its most wor
thy and respected citizens. During this
time he won the regard and esteem of
Mr. Peacock and all his fellow-workmen
by his correct deportment, his industry,
intelligence, and faithfulness. His days
were devoted to labor and his nights to
study. Having completed his appren-
Terms Ca - le Dollar a Year_
ticesbip, he went to Washington city,
and was employed as a journeyman prin
ter. In 1824, though scarcely of compe
tent ago, he had attained such a position
and influence that his party—then in the
ascendancy in the Congressional d i istrict
—proposed to ,nominate him for Con
gress, an honor which he promptly de
clined, as interfering with the enterprise
in which he was then engaged. Lie was
appointed Adjutant Genneral of the
Stet& in 1828, an office which he filled
creditably and acceptably during Gov.
Shultz's term : and in 1831, unsolicited,
he was appointed by General Juckson as
a visitor to Wrest Point, a compliment,
at that time, tendered only to the most
prominent citizens. To no single man
within her borders is Pennsylvania more
indebted for hor great :systems of public
improvement and public instruction.—
Nor did he hesitate to invest his own
means, when prosperity and fortune
dawned upon him, in enterprises of great
public importance. In 1834 he origina
ted and carried to successful completion
the :Harrisburg, Mount Joy and Lancas
ter Railroad, surmounting difficulties and
prejudices which would have appalled
and paralfzed a man or ordinary energy
and determination. In 1838 he was nom
inated for Congress, but declined. Be
was engaged in public enterpriies from
which he would not permit himself to be
drawn aside by any consideration of office
or personal elevation. In 1851 he was
mainly instrumental in the formation of
the Susquehanna Railroad Company,
now consolidated with the Northern
Central Railway, by which the upper
_of the Susquehanna are connect
ed with the e capital of the State. There
was still another link wanting to form a
direct and continuous railroad to New
York city, the great 'commercial me
tropolis of the Union. General Came
ron's practical mind soon suggested the
mode and manner of supplying this want;
and the Lebanon :Valley . Railroad Com
pany was organized, and that road built,
and now consolidated with the Philadel
phia and Reading Railroad. In 1832
General Cameron was elected cashier of
the Middletown Bank—a position which
he held for twenty-seven consecutive
years. So, that about the year 1854, he
was'a.t the. same time president of the
Susquehanna Railroad Company, presi
dent of the Lebanon Valley!, Railroad
Company, president of the Common
wealth Insurance Company, and cashier
of the Middletown. Bank, besides .being
director and manager in several other
Institutions, and having a large private
business of his own to manage and super
intend. Yet notwithstanding the vast
labor and responsibility of these posi
tions, he performed the duties of them
all satisfactorily and successfully.
The State of Maryland will be repre
sented in the Lincoln Cabinet by Judge
Montgomery Blair, who resides at Mont
gomery Castle, near Silver Spring, Mont
gomery county, Md. Judge Blair is the
son of Francis P. Blair, well known in
General Jackson's time. He graduated
at West Point, went to the State of
Missouri, practiced law in St. Louis, was
made judge, and was appointed by Pres
ident Pierce one of the judges of the
Court of Claims, from which place he
was removed by President Buchanan.—
Judge Blair is now in the prime of life
and mental vigor, and there is no man
south of Pennsylvania who is more de
voted to Republicanism, or who is more
popular among the radical Republicans
all ever the North and , West. He is
son-in-law of the late Bon. Levi Wood
bury, of New Hampshire, and brother of
Frank P. Blair, Jr., Congressman elect
from the St. Louis district.
C. B. SMITII t SECRETARY OF TOE INTERIOR
Mr. Smith is well knoWn in Indiana,
and is reputed to be possessed of a vig
orous intellect, and considerable admin
istrative tact and ability. Be has been
in Congress, and was Commissioner on
Mexican claims. In regard to his polit
ical faith, it is not certain that he has
made any decisive declaration, hut it is
very generally presumed that he is a
GIDEON WELLES,' POSTMASTER. GENERAL
Mr. Gideon Welles, of Connecticut, is
the Northern Postmaster General. Mr.
Welles has been for upwards of thirty
years a leading politician in Connecticut,
and for much of that time has been con
nected, directly-and indirectly, with the
public press, wielding a partisan pen,
and always exhibiting evidences of un
,questionable hostility to his opponents,
in the advocacy of his opiniocs, political
or otherwise. He for some time held
the office of postmaiter of Uarttord, un
der" bir. Van Bareu - 's Administration,
and left the office soon after the election
of General Harrison, in 1840. During
a 'fart of Mr. Polk's Admihistration he
occupied an important position in tlm
Navy Department. Like many othe -
prominent Northern Democrats, Al r.
Welles disagreed with his party on th
subject of the repeal of the Missouri
Compromise, which breach was still fur
ther increased by the Kansas policy of
the Pierce and Buchanan Administra
tions. The Territorial question being
the chief one at issue, he became identi
fied with the Republican party soon after
its organization, and has since been one
of its leaders, taking a prominent part
in its Conventions, State and National.
lie was a delegate from the State ai
large to the Chicago Convection, and
constituted one of the committee to pro
ceed to Springfield with the official no
tice of Mr. Lincoln's nomination. He
was also one of the Presidential electors.
Nor was his visit to Springfield the first
time he had met that distinguished gen
tleman. While in Hartford, a year or
more since, they formed a somewhat in
timate acquaintance, which resulted in
the warmest mutual friendship and con
fidence so that Mr. Linc6ln has, in the
selection, no doubt acted as much upon
his own personal knowledge and estima
tion of the man as upc n any solicitation
of prominent New England Republicans.
EDWARD BATES, ATTORNEY GENERAL
Edward Bates was born on the 4th of
September, 1793, on the banks of the
James river, in the county of Goochland,
Virginia. about thirty miles above Rich
mond. lie was the seventh son and
youngest child of a family of twelve chil.
di:en, all of whom lived to a mature age.
of Thomas Bates and Caroline M. Wood
son. Both of his parents were descen •
dants of the plain old Quaker families
which had lived for some generations in
the lower counties of the peninsula be
tween James and York rivers. They
were married in the Quaker meeting, ac
cording to the forms of that simple and
virtuous people, in the year 1771; but
in 1781 the father lost his membership
in the Society of Friends by bearing
arms at the siege of Yorktown—a volun
te,er private soldier under General Lafay
ette. In 1805, Thomas F., the father.
died, leaving a very small estate and a
large family. Left at an early age an
orphan, and poor, the son was fortunate
in what was better than a patrimony, a
heart and a will to labor diligently for
promotion. Besides, several of his bro
thers were industrious and prosperous
men, and treated the helpless with gen
erous affection. One of them, Fleming
Bates, of Northumberland, Va., took
him into his family as a son, and did a
father's part to him. He had not the
benefit of a collegiate education, being
prevented by an accident—the breaking
of a leg— which stopped him in the mid
dle of his course of study, and confined
him at home for nearly two years. In
childhood he was taught by the father.
and afterwards had the benefit of two
`years' instruction of his kinsman, Benja
min Bates, of Hanover, Virginia, a most
excellent man, who, dying, left behind
him none more virtuous and few more
intelligent. In 1812, having renounced
service in the navy, and with no plan of
life settled, his brother Frederic (who
was secretary of the Territory of Mis
souri from 1807 to 1820, when the State
was formed, by successive appointments
under Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe,
and was second Governor of the State)
invited him to come out to St. Louis and
fellow the law, offering to see him safely
through his course of study. He ex
cepted the invitation, and was to have
started in the spring of 1813, but an un
looked-for event detained him for.asyear:-.
Being in his native county of Goaelrland,
a sudden call was made for volunteers
to march for Norfolk, to repel an appre
hended attack by the British fleet, and
he joineda company in February, march
ed to Norfolk, and served till October of
diat year, as private, corporal, and ser
geant, successively. The next spring he
set out for St. Louis, and crossed the
Mississippi for the first time on the'29tl
of. April, 1814. Here he studied very
diligently in the office of Rufus Easton.
a Connecticut-man, a good lawyer, regu
larly educated at Litchfield, and some
time a delegate in Congress from
souri Territory. He came to the bar in
the winter of 1816-17, and practiced with
fair success as a beginner. In 1853 ht
was elected judge of the Land Court o
St. Louis county, ,and after serving , h,
the office about three years he resigned.
and returned again to the practice of Mat
law. He acted as president of the Rive,
and Ifarbor Impro•reinent Conventio;
which sat at Chicago, and in 1.852 ante,•
as president of the Whit', National t.loh
vent ion which met at Baltimore. in I