The Weekly Mariettian. (Marietta, Pa.) 1860-1861, February 02, 1861, Image 1

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", Editor can_a Proprietor_
Eke ailtailig B,lariettiart
SieecLocl.ele iffaiegJe,
ÜBLICATION OFFICE in the second sto
ry of CRVILL'S Row, on Front Street, five
owa East of Mrs. Flury's Hotel, MARIETTA,
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grougij piraftal.
Chief Burgess, Samuel D. Miller,
Assistant Burgess, Peter Baker,
Town Council, Barr Spangler, (President)
John Crull, Thomas Stence, Ed. P. Trainer,
Ilenry S. Libhart.
Teem Clerk, Theo: Iliestand.
Treasurer, John Au xer.
Assessor of Taxes, William Child, Jun.,
Collector of Taxes, Frederick L. Baker.
Justice of the Peace, Emanuel D. Roath.
High Constable, Abstilem Emswiler.
Assistant Constable, Franklin K. Mosey.
Regulators, John 11. Goodman; E. D. Roath.
Supervisor, Samuel Hippie, Sen.
School Directors, John Jay Libhart, Presi
dent, E. D. Roath, Treasurer, C. A. Schaffner,
Secretary, John K. Fidler, Aaron B. Grosh,
Jonathan M. Larzelere.
Post Office Hours: The Post Office will
be open from 7 o'clock in the morning until
S in the evening.. Chas. Kelly, Postmaster.
Beneficial Societies: TH•E flainnowir, A. N.
'Cassel, President; John Jay Libhart, Treaßur
er Barr Spangler, Secretary. THn PIONEER,
John Jay Libhart, President; Abrm Cassel
Treasurer; Wm. Child , r., Secretary.
When do T mean to marry
idle to dispute with fate;
But if you choose to hear me te11,•:7i.7:
Pray listen, while I tix the dete
When daughters haste, with diger feet,
A mother's daily toil to share ;
Can make the puddings which they cat,
And mend the stocking which they wear
When maidens look u pon a Man
As in himself what they would marry,
And not as army soldiers scan
A sutler or a commissary ;
When gentle ladies who have got
The offer of a lover's hand,
Consent to share his "earthly lot,"
And do not mean his lot of land;
When young mechanics are allowed
To find and wed the farmers' girls
Who don't expect to be endowed
With rubbles, dianionds, and pearls ;
When wives, in short, will freely give
Their hearts and hands to aid their spouses,
,And live as they were wont to live,
Within their sires' one-story houses;
Then, madam—if I'm not too old—
Rejoiced to quit this lonely life,
I'll brush my beaver, cease to scold,
A - nd look about me for a wife !
—We learn that the tender of a special I
train to the President elect, by the Pres
ident of the Pittsburg, Fort \\ ayne and
Chicago Railroad, has not yet been ac
icepted, owing to the impossibility of de
termining definitely what route will be
taken. The above named company pro
pose that the "iron locomotive car,"
which will bold fifty persons comfort
ably, shall be used if desired, or a full
train for the President and as many
friends as shall desire to. accompany him,
will be made up for the purpose. The
officers of the Pennsylvania Central
have joined the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne
and Chicago in their invitation, and pro
pose to furnish the magnificent Prince
of Wales car to Mr. Lincoln's party, and
make arrangements to run the same
through to Baltimore, if desired. It is
evident that the President elect may
travel in royal style, if he wishes to do
so, all the way to Washington.—Harris
bur Telegraph.
and the Executive Council of 1860 clos
ed up their labors on Saturday, and
among their last .doings was the issue of
a warrant for the execution of Alexander
Desmarteau, at Springfield, Friday,
March. 29. Des uarLeau, is a young
Frenchman, and tried and sentenced
last May, for the pe and'inurder of tho
child Augustine units, si Mopes, iu
Thoughts on a Sermon.
Entitled "The Character and Influence of
Abolitionism: Sermon preached in the
First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn,
New-York, on Sunday evening, Dec. 9,
1860, by REV. HENRY J. VAN DYKE.
As reported for the '.l\rew-York Herald.'
Washington: Henry Polkington, Prin
ter, 375 D. Street, 1860."
Mr. Van Dyke's text is Ist Timothy
vi : 1-5. It is the only passage from
the New Testament (as Levit. xxv is the
only one from the Old) quoted by him
in proof that slavery is a sacred institu
tion, sanctioned by God, his. Son and
the Apostles. He does not, as in the
Old Testament, claim it to' be a divine
institution ; for it is Grecian and Roman
slavery he now deals with ; but he
claims a semi-approval of it, from the si
lence of Christ and his Apostles in re
gard to it. He gives a briefand correct
picture of Grecian and Roman slavery—
its prevalence and extent, its powers of
life and death over the slave, and its in-
timate interfusion with social and civil
institutions—but he withholds the fact
that all this slavery was not that of color
or of race, but a slavery of all colors,
nations and races—of the white to the
colored, as well as the colored to the
white. And he alleges, as proof that
this slavery was approved of God,—" it is
a remarkable fact that th 4 New Testa
ment is utterly silent in regard to the al
leged sinfulness of slaveholding"—
" there is not one distinct and explicit
denunciation of slaveholding, nor one
precept requiring the master to emanci
pate his slaves "—it " is never spoken of,
except in respectful terms."
Silence in regard to any special act,
is no proof of commendation thereof, or
even its mere innocency. Take piracy,
for instance, a conglomeration of cruel
robbery and murder by wholesale. It
was so common at the Christian era, and
earlier, that villages and cities were us
ually built at a distance from the sea
coast to be secure from its ravages : and
most slave markets were furnished by its
successes. Yet, amid the many crimes
denounced and forbidden by the Saviour
and his Apostles, piracy is never dis
tinctly and explicitly"forbidden ! Even
manstealing, so strongly forbidden by
the Law, is not named in the Gospel, and
" men-stealers," only once—in 1 Tim.
i : 10. Yet who doubts that these, and
other unnamed crimes were actually for
bidden in the numerous. precepts which
strike at their very source, root and ori
gin !
Mr. Van Dyke repels with seeming
horror Dr. Wayland's explanation of
this silence and seemingly tacit indiffer
ence to slavery and other political evils.
The Dr. says—" Moral Science," p. 213
" The Gospel was designed, not for
one race or for one time, but for all races
and for all times. It, looked not to the,
abolition of slavery for that age alone,
but for its universal abolition. Hence
the important object of its author was to
gain for it a lodgement in every part of
the known world, so that by its univer
sal diffusion among all classes of society
it might quietly and peacefully modify
and subdue the evil passions of men. In
this manner alone could its object—a un
iversal moral revolution—have been ac-
complished. For if it had forbidden the
evil instead of subverting the principle; '
if it bad proclaimed the unlawfulness of
slatery and taught slaves to resist the
oppression of their masters, it would
instantly have arrayed the two parties in
deadly hostility throughout the civilized
world ; its announcement would have
been the, signal of servile war, and the
very name of the Christian religion
would have been forgotten amidst the
agitation of universal bloodshed."
Mr. Van Dyke protests against the "im
putation here cast upon Christ and his
Apostles. Do you believe " (he 'asks)
"the Saviour sought to insinuate his re
ligion into the earth by concealing its
real design, and preserving a profound
silence in regard of one of the very worst
sins it came to destroy ?" But Dr. Way
land does not even imply any such " im-
putation " of concealment as is intimated
in this artfully framed question. A
brief view of the mission and position of
the Saviour and his followers will make
apparent the propriety as well as pru
dence ascribed to them by Dr. Way
1. They came as founders of religion,
not of civil government. Hence, though
every principle and precept they' taught
sapped and undermined despotism of ev
ery kind, yet they never breathed a word
directly against the despotisms which
everywhere prevailed among men. They
treated the usurping and tyrannical rul_
1 ers with the same " respectful ter ms " in
which 11r, Van Pyke says they spoke Of
slavery and slaveholding. Were they,
therefore, in favor of despotisms, and op
posed to constitutional monarchies and
republics ? Their precepts and practice
were opposed to the union of church and
state, or any subjection of faith and con
science to civil and military rulers.—Yet
they never uttered any denunciations
against even the Heathen' despotisms
which did thus lord it over the faith and
conscience, nor ineulcated the duty of
the oppressed to ride in rebellion a
gainst them. On 'the contrary, they urg
ed the paying of tribute, honoring the
king, and submitting patiently to perse
cution therefrom. Were they, therefore,
in favor of church and state in govern
ment, and the consequent persecutions
thereof? Did they, therefore, acknowl
edge the rightfulness of Heathen govrrn
ment'persecutions ? By no means !
Were they even cowardly or hypocriti
cal in such forbearance, and in quietly
subvertin . g the principles on which these
wrongs and evils rested, rather than in
directly and vainly attacking the evils
themselves ? Ceztainly not. Their mis
sion, and hence their main and only di
rect conflict, was with false religions and
religious errors. All evils and errors
connected with idolatry were promptly
and boldly opposed : but still cautiously
and prudently. Bat those connected
mainly with governmental institutions
were often passed ny without mention, to
be sapped and gradually overthrown by
the religious doctrines they inculcated.
Such was slaverrand the frequency and
I other abominations of divorce under the
Roman law—for slavery then, as now, was
a governmental institution. And they
were to conduct, in regard to political
evils as directed by tne Saviour, in Matt.
x : 16-20.
Bat even in regard to idolatry, the yneat
evil they were to oppose, they were care
ful to avoid any direct conflict with laws.
Mr. Van Dyke commenting on Dr. Way
land's remarks, asks—" When Paul stood
upon Mars' Hill, surrounded by ten thou
sand times as many slaveholders as there
were-idols in the city,* do you believe
he kept back any part of the require
ments of the Gospel, because he was
afraid of a tumult among the people ?"
No, not on account of the mob ; brit with
great prudence, and yet with honest tact,
he carefully avoided incurring any legal
penalty in that very address. It was
against law to introduce the.worsliip of
a new or foreign god/without legal li
cense. Turn, then, to that discourse in
Acts xvii : 18—n, and see how Paul
evaded the law, by taking the inscription
on a Heathen altar for his text, and by
appealing to a Heathen writer for proof
of his position, that all men are God's
offspring. These Heathen, fearing that
among the "gods many," they might have
omitted one, erebted an altar "to the un
known god." As the true God was un
known to them, Paul preached• Him unto
them ! Hb thus united prudence with
wisdom and fidelity to duty ; and, al
though he did net directly denounce idol
worship, be preached what, if received,
would undermine, (and, if carried out,
would overthrow) not only idolatry, but
despotism, and slavery, and every form
of oppression among men I Hence, in
being honestly crafty and catching men
with guile—in lawfully becoming all
things unto all men, that by any right
eous means they might save them (Ist
Corin. ix : 19-23 and 2 Corin. xii : 16)
—the Apostles were neither cowardly
nor hypocritical, but prudent and faith
ful to the highest duty. It is worse than
folly to sacrifice a mission for a side issue
—the main point for a minor detail—or
to throw away life for what can be better
gained by preserving it. Dr. Wayland,
therefore, is correct; Mr. Van Dyke,
2. But another consideration governed
their conduct in relation to evils connect
ed with governments. They had no
vote, no voice, hardly any influence in
choosing rulers, making laws, or chang
ing institutions. They were generally,
esteemed the scum and offscourings of
the earth—the base followers of a cruci
fied malefactor, and, impostor. Hence
to have openly arrayed themselves
against those despotisms, or political in
stitutions as strongly established and
defended as slavery, would have been
like beating out their brains against a
rock—would have sacrificed their duty
to establish Cliristianity,qthe great re
former of all evils, finally,) in a vain ef
, fort to abolish political wrongs.
But suppose the
. Roman, Empire had
been a republic, and each man a voter
with freedom of speech—would Jesus
* Doubtful ! • They had some 360,000
gods and, goddesses in their pantheon,
and their houses and streets as well as
temples abounded iu shrines and images.
A. B. Cr,
and his Apostles have advocated and
voted t'or holding inen,-wonten and dill
dreb in slavery—taking from them . the
ownership of their own persons—com
pelling them to life-long toil without
right's and withottt wages--subjecting
them to the brutality and Inst and cru
elty of irresponsible Masters ? Does
any Christian—any man of common sense
and feeling, believe they would , ? . Think!
They were humble men, and had sympa
thy for the lowly born. They were poor,
and inured to manual labor;—would they
so disgrace poverty and toil.? They
taught that God was the Father of all—
had "made of one blood all nations of
men"—that all men were brothers ;
would they so degrade God's offspring
and their own brothers into mere prop
erty, chattels tersonal ? They taught
that we should "do unto 'others as we
would they should do unto Us" in an
change of circumstances—love others as
we love our own selves. L-in honor prefer
one another;-would.they so doom any
to bondage from which they themselves
shrunk as from death ? No—no—never!
They proved their love for even the sin
ful and the vile to be that of brother for
brother—Jesus and his apostles toiled,
suffered, died for the slave as well as the
master—the former was full as precious
to' their souls as the-latter;—would they,
then, have advocated and voted for mak
ing so great a difference for life between
those whom they declared to be equal
before God, equally "of one blood," and
equally dear to their own hearts?-Be-
lieve it who can—its bare statement
seems to me blasphemy ! But Mr. Van
Dyke says—" The Apostle well knew,
that for tbe present, emancipation would
be no real blessing to the slave!" This
is, indeed, presuming on the forgetful
ness or ignorance of his tearers and read
ers—presuming that they will suppose
that then all slaves were utterly deba'sed
and ignorant negroes, and slavery a mor
alizing educating and elevating institu
tion—neither of which is near the truth 1
For slaves then embraced not only col
ored persons and ignorant, but Jews,
Gi'eeks, Romans--men learned, polished,
skilful—women refined, accomplished,
lovely and amiable ;—and slavery, yet
unameliorated by Christianity, was worse
in practice (though the same in essence)
than in our Slave Stptes. And he has
the brazen assurance to say that, to such
persons, and from such a system, "the
Apostle well knew, that emancipation
would be no blessing!"
3. But Mr. Van Dyke persistentlyur
ges—"They admitted slaveholders to the
communion of the church"—"it was not
the owning of slaves, but the manner in
which he falfilled the duties of his sta
tion, that made him a subject for church
discipline. The, mere fact thatle was a
slaveholder, no, more, subjected .him to
censure, than the mere fact that he was a
father or a husband." "There is not one
command or exhortation to emancipate
the slave." While much of this might
be admitted as literally so, it can be
clearly shown that the precepts, doc
trines and entire spirit and tendency of
Christianity are opposed to slavery and
every other oppression and wrong, wheth
er specifically named or not, But we go
farther. So far as the power and influ
ence of the Apostles could go, without
direct opposition to government, they
opposed and virtually abolished'slavery.
To show this, let us first settle, What is
It is not mere deprivation of political
rights—nor subjecting men to restraints,
as minors, pupils, apprentices, La.—nor
bondage for crime—nor compulsory ser
vice, military or civil—nor hiring labor
for wages, in any form or for any period.
It is reducing'men to be mere property'
depriving them of their right to them
selves, theirlabor, their property, their
offspring, as human beings. In . the
words of the law of South Carolina—
"slaves shall be deemed, held, taken, re
puted and adjudged in law to be chattels
personal to all intents, constructions and
purposes whatever." Or, "a slave is one
who is in the power of a master to whom
he belongs; the master may sell hire, dis
pose of his ierson, his industry and his
labor; he can do nothing, possess noth
ing, nor acquire anything
what, must
belong to his master." (Civil Code of
Louisiana, Art 35.) Or, in the words of
the eminent Tliornas Ruffin, late Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court of North
Carolina—comparing slavery with the
system of parentage, apprenticeship, &c.,
he very empitaticallydecided—"There is
no likeness between theicases.- - They are
in opposition to each other, and there is.
an impassible gulf between them. In
1 the one,the end in vieto is the hapPiness of
the youth born to equal rights with that
governor on whom the duty devolves..of
Dollar a 'Year
training the young to usefulness in a
station which he is afterwards to assume
among freemen. With slavery it is far
otherwise. The end is the profit of the
master, his security and the publicsafety;
the subject, one doomed, in his own per
son and in his posterity, to live without
knowledge, and without: the, capacity to
make anything of his own, and to toil
that another may rear the fruits. The
power of the master must be absolute, to
render the submission of the slave per
fect." ,
According. to these definitions, (and
they, are authoritative , and correct,) there
was no slavery under the Mosaic Law ;
for the end of that system was the welfare,
the education and the conversion of the
servant. And Christianity never recog
nized, such slavery—Greek and Roman—
under the Gospel. For the slave was
always addressed as a human being hav
ing a conscience to will, to feel respon
sibilities and duties, and rights to exer
cise his soul in the worship of. God and
the service of man, even though his mas
ter might forbid. And the master no
sooner entered the church, than he was
taught to treat his slave as a brother
Christ, (or, if not a Christian, as a man,)
and to give hiin remuneration tor his
services which should be ''just and equal."
And as to all slaves, whetherhis own or
others, he was commanded to "remember
those in bonds as bound with thent"—as
if the master's flesh, and blood, and spirit
wore the 'chain of the slave also ! For
proof of these facts and teachings Ave,
refer to Eph. s—ro ; Col. iv : 1 ;
Philem. 9-20 ; and James v : 4.
In the civil government; the Apostles
had no part, and it would perhaps have
been inipradent to express even their
wish to dissolve a relation established by
law ; but in the church, where they had
authority, they acknowledged no slavery'
—no superiority of master over slave =
"neither bond nor free," as existing in
the State ; "for ye are all one (all equals)
"in Christ Jesus," or the Christian
church. Such being, their practice, as
well as their precepts, who can doubt
that if they had had freedom of speech
anrof suffrage in the State, they would
have urged and voted for the emancipa
tion of slaves there also? Who_ can
doubt that if we have the Spirit of Christ,
and obey hiS • precepts, and folio* the
practice of his Apostles in our duties as
voters—as the sovereigns of thisrepubli
can government—we should speak and
:et in all lawful - Ways for the ultimate
removal of slavery ? '
If you' still doubt the opposition of
Christianity to slavery, examine its his
tory; and you will find that wherever it
'came in its purity and power, feudaliim,
serfdoin and slavery have gradually dis
appeared, as darkness before the sun
until 210 w, in the whole Christian world,
chattel slavery is fcund only in our South
ern States. Even Russia has 'freed her
millions of serfs ;—and yet our Slave
States, (aided by a feWat themorth, who
profess to be disciples of Washington,
and Jefferson !) are striving to extend'
and perpetuate our worse chattel slavery!
To these northern apologists and advo
cates for slavery, I lave a few words to
offer in another article, next week.
Marietta, Jan. 26, 1861. A. B. G.
P. S.—lt is but justice to Mr. Van
Dyke to say, that though his admirers in
this place deem the sermon conclusive
against Republicans especially, he, him
self, direets it •only against distinctive
Abolitionists. He says, p.l79—"it is no
more than simple justice for me to say
plainly, that I do not consider Republi
can and Abolitionist as necessarily syn
onymous terms."
But as his Sermon, in my estimation,
falsifies and perverts the teachings of
the Bible, and makes Christianity the
abetter of oppression, tyranny, and other
gross evils and wrongs, I have written
solely out of regard for Divine-Revela
tion and humanity, without special ref
erence to parties or to names. I have
deemed the latter portion of his sermon
(an ingenious rather than ingenuous com
plaint of the .actions of Abolitionists)
not specially worthy of reply. If the
„Bible does not warrant slavery—if Christ
and his Apostles were opposed to it, and
it is our duty to vote and act against it
—the time, mode and manner matter
but little, provided they are Constitu.-
tional and lawful. A. B. G.
Or Snow in Paris is seldom deep make sleighing„knt this year
has, been an exception, and . sleighs or
"sledges," as they call them, have keen
in universal use. Even snowballing has
been permitted, and the boys had such
fun at it'in the`Tuileries erd,rden,that the
police had to go in a body . arid 'diiperse
NO. 29.
TRANCE.—The Pittsburg- Gazette gives
an account -of a remarkable case of sus
pension of vitality in Wheeling. A lady
residing in this city, who had been lying
ill for some time, died to all appearances
on Saturday night of week before last.
and the necessary preparations were
made for interment. It was discovered,
however, when the body was about to be
placed in the coffin, that it still retained
its natural warmth. This, of course, oc
casioned a great surprise, and efforts
were made to restore animation, but
without success. The unfortunate wom
an still remains in the same condition,
and as yet no signs of decomposition
have appeared, although some six or
eight days have elapse since death was
supposed to take place. The case has
excited no little interest among the lead
ing physicians and others of the city and
—The President elect will be escorted
to Washington by the Springfield (Ill.)
Zouaves, in spite of threats corning from
any source. This company is composed
young men 'who have "for some months
past been under the' instruction of Col.
Ellsworth, and in drill they are said to
be fully equal to the genuine original
Zouaves. A correspondent; writing to
the Davenport (Iowa) Gazette, says :
"This company, intends to do escort duty
to the President elect on the 4th of'
March next, accompanying him to Wash
ington, and returning by Philadelphia,
New York, Albany, &c. They number
over sixty, and are - in a perfect state of
drill, having already taken. several Prizes,
and surprised the famotia i Chicago boys
in their,efficiency.' They are command
ed by Captain Cook, a gentleman who
understands the Zourtire practice, nod I
doubt not will' create a Om:Listhin while
in Washingta."
lir Hon. John A. Gilmer writes to a
friend in North Carolina, that "if the
honest masses North - and South can be
induced, without passion, and with their
cool heads to understand the abstract
points of difference involved in the pres
ent disputes, they will at once arm them
selves with the fraternal spirit of their
revolutiOnary father's; infuse the same
into their political agents, and force a
settlement of all sectional difficulties,and
again return to their fields, shopi,'stores,
ships, and fiehools.' The free States
ought to know that all the chances are
on theirside ; that/hair have a surplus
population to settle the Territories,
while the South has none, snot they
should feel satisfied that the laws of cli
mate, soil and production will settle the
question of slavery extension at last, in
spite of ' the theories' about which the
politicians of the two sections have each
other so much by the , ears." Mr. Gil
mer says, " I would have the people at
once pull up their stakes, and come and
pitch their tents, around Washington,
and command their representatives to
adjust the difficulties which now divide
the two great and powerful sections."
The Hon. Lyman Trumbull was
re-elected last week U. S. Senator, by
the Legislature,of Illinois, by eight ma
jonity,notwithstanding the " Democraic"
gerrymander of that State, which gives
the minority, such unfair advantages.—
Judge Trumbull has been an able and
distinguished Senator for the last six'
years, and is a warm personal, as well as
political, friend of the President elect,
enjoying his fullest confidence. His re
election is therefore a cause of sincere
congratulation. Mr. Trumbull was also
formerely a "Democrat.
The New Orle * ans Bulletin announ
ces that MessrS. G. H. Rozet and Paul
Queyrouse have establiShed a brogan
manufactory in that city, vvhich already
turns out six hundred pair per . day, and
is expected, when in 'full blast, to make ,
sixteen hundred.
(f-Z - Oil wells, in the western part of
Pennsylvania, were known to the Seneca
Indians more than a liun'died years ago,'
and by settlers in the Legion' seventy'
years ago. , ,
ear Charles E. „and P. Evanv.of"
Boston were arrested on \ the charge of=
defrauding the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company, by not accounting for tickets
sold by them.
Hops. Rokianger, or. Job, a South
Sett:lsland prince; died aquouth or two
hgo at the age of about:HO:, •;l3teiremem
bored dept. Cook - very well.
ita#-The N ets York apdErio,Railroad
was sold at auction for $220,000, and was
bought in by the trustees.