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aggran g k pittatal.
Chief Burss, Samuel D. Miller,
Assistant Burgess, Peter Baker,
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.1011 N A. Sig u LTZ
The Peoples flat and Cap Store
SHULTZ & )311.0.,
NO. 20 NORTH QUEEN STREET
Mantijacturers, Wholesale and Retail
DEALERS IN EVERY DESCRIPTION OF
HATS AND OAPS.
E have now in store a splendid assort
ment of Hats and. Caps of all of the new
est 'till and Winter Styles.
Silk Hats in all shapes and qualities. A first
rate new style of Silk flats for $3.00.
A full assortment of Cassiniere Hats, fall and
winter style Caps in endless variety. A splen
did assortment of
UNION AND PRINCE OF WALEN.HATS,
In various colors, the latest oUt, and all the
other styles of Soft hats now worn, from the
finest to the cheapest qualities
We return our thanks to a liberal public,
and trust by a strict attention to business and
fair dealing to all, to merit a continuance of
Hats and Caps to suit all, and at priers to
suit the timesp Goods sold to dealers at a small
advance for cash.
Shipping Furs bought and the highest price
paid in cash.
FASHIONABLE BOOT, 4- SHOE
MARKET STREET, MARIETTA, PENN
Would most respectfully inform the citizens
of this Borough and neighborhood that he has
the largest assortment of City made work in
his line of business in this Borougiitg h, and be
a practical BOOT AND SHOE MAKER
himself,is enableu to select with more judgment
than those who are not. He continues to mari 7
ufacture in the very best manner everything
in the DOOT AND SHOE LINE, which he
wilt warrant for neatness and good fit.
ta-Call and examine his stock before pur
SPECTACLES to suit till who _.-^ , t.,,011111.
can be aided with glasses,
can be bought at H. L. .k;. Z AMPS, Cor
ner of North Q,oeen-st., and Center Square,
_Lancaster. New glasses refitted in old frames,
at short notice. [v6-ly
FAMILY. C 0 U G H SYRUP :—A Cough
Syrup, for children and adults has just
been put up at my store, which should be in
every family this cold and changeab I l weather.
.r AMPS I LAMPS! SHADES, &C. The
La undersigned has received another lot
'luid and coo Oil Lamps, and Lamp S
of every variety and price. Call and see them
at Dr. Hinkle's Drug Store.
rL SUPERIOR COOK STOVE, very plain
style, each one warranted. to per- „.&.
arm to the entire satisfaction of
purchaser. STERRETT & CO.
100 n POUNDS prime York County
‘,./ Buckwheat flour, by the hundred
or single pound. For sale at WOLFE'S.
TATIONARY—the largest assortment in
Stown at Grove k Rptles.
CON STA NTLY on hand, Monongahela
tified Whiskey. BelliaMin 8c CO.
BA G AT E L L E:—A inquire at this o llent Bagatellffice.e
Table for sale cheap ;
YOTT'S Hanging and' Side RAT 'S
For Sale at GROVE Ft ROTI
RENCH MUSTARD in pots at
D RIED FRUIT nosy selling cheap at
QEGARS and Chewing Tobacco. A large
>l and 11
and good variety at J. 1". Anderson's.
- I . ti NI DROPS Stewart'N New- Vor
• •.; at life/le':.
Who shall tell what did befall,
Far away in time, when once,
Over the lifeless ball,
Hung idle stars and suns?
.What god the eleMent obeyed •
_Willgs,of what wind the lichen bore,
Waiting the puny seeds of power,
'Which, lodged in rook, the rock abrade?
"And'well'tliel firiinal pioneer •
Kilt:* the-eta - nig 'task 'to it assigned
Patient throughllegiven's enormous year
To build in Mattel' henftelor mind. .
From air the Freepigg• centuries drew
The matted thicket low and wide,.
Thus must the leaves of iig,es Strew
The granite slab to clothe and hide, '
Ere wheat can 'Wave its golden pride.
What smiths, ant in whatfurnase, rolled
(In dizzy 'eons dirh. and mute
The reeling brain can ill compute) • .
Copper and iron, lead and.gold? ,
What oldest star the t % - „ ne can save..
Of races perishing to pa e
The'planet with a floor of lime !
Dust is their pyramid and mole
Who saw what ferns and palms were pressed
Under the tumbling mountain's breast,
In the safe herbal of the coal?
But when the quarried means were piled,
All is waste and worthless, till
Arrives the wise selecting will,
And, out of slime and chaos; Wit
Draws the threads of fair and fit.
Then temples rose, and towns, and marts,
The shop of toil, the hall of arts ;
Then flew the sail across the seas
To feed the North from tropic trees;
The storm-wind wore, the torrent span,
Where they were bid the rivers ran ;
New slaves fulfilled the poet's dream,
Galvanic wire, strong-shouldered steam.
Then docks were built, and crops were stored,
And ingots added to the hoard.
But, though light-headed man forget,
Remembering Matter pays her debt
Still, through her motes and masses, draw
Electric thrills and ties of Law,
Which binds the strenths of Natare wild
To the conscience of "a child.
The following tram the pen of Mrs. Lydia H.
Sigourney Is a noble invocation to the spirit of
Are ye all there? Are ye all there?
Stars of my country's sky?
Arc ye all there ? Are ye all there,
In your shining homes on high?
"Count us ! Count us !”—was their answer
As they dazzled on my view,
In glorious perihelion
Amid their field of blue.
I cannot count ye rightly,
There's a cloud with a sable rim,
I cannot make your number out,
For my eyes with tears are dim.
Oh ! bright and ble!sed angel I
On white wing floating by,
Help me to count, and not to miss
One star in my - country's sky.
Then the angel touched mine eyelids,
And touching the ,forming cloud,
And its sable rim dispartedi
And it'lled with murky shroud.
There was no missing Pleiad
, Mid all that sister race,
The Southern cross shone radiant forth,
And the Pole-star kept its place.
So, I knew it was the angel
Who woke the hymning strain,
That at our dear Redeemer's birth.
Pealed out over Bethlehem's plain,
And still its heavenly key-tone
My listening country held,
For all her constellatccl stars •
The diapason swelled.
crWe pity the beggar with his hung
er-stricken face and tattered robes, and
do not refuse him when he asks an alms.
So God compassionaten him whose ig
norance and blindness have made him a
spiritual pauper, and with a beneficence,
of which man's noblest charity is but the
faintest reflection. Ho giveth
to every oue the nshcth.
STARS OP MY COUNTRY'S SKY
"Woodman, Spare that Tree."
Madmen, spare that flag!
Touch not a single Star;
From sea to mountain crag
Its stripes have gleamed afar ;
'Twas our forefathers' hand
That gave it as our lot,
There, madmen, let, it stand,
Your rage shall harm it not !
That flag of Liberty, •
Whose glory and renown,
Are spread o'er land and sea ;
And would ye strike it down?
Madmen, suspend your will,
Cut not its heaven-born ties ;
Our Country's ensign still,
Streaked with celestial dyes !
On Ocean's wave and health,
In battle and in blast,
Our fathers cheered beneath,
Or nailed it to the mast;
A tear for those who fell,
For those who lived, renown,
It caught their last farewell—
' Oh ! do not hew it down.
Our heart-strings round thee cling,
And mem'ries o'er thee crowd ;
On field and deck thy wing'
Has been a freeman's shroulT!
Old flag, the storm still brave ;
And Traitors, leave the spot ;
While we've an arm to Save
Your rage shall harm it not.
MARIETTA, PA., SATURDAY, JANUARY 26, 1861.
Thought?, on a. germon, • "
Entitled "The Character and Influence of
Abolitionism: . Sermon preached in the
• First Presbyterian Church of Brooklyn,
; New-York, on Sunday evening, Dec. 9,
1360, by. REV. HENRY J. VAN DYKE.
As reported for the 'New-l'ork Herald.'
Washington: Henry Polkington, Prin-
ter, MM. Street, 1560."
. Ma. BARER friend handed me the
above.serrnon with a request to review
it, staAtig Iliat;:many of our professed
Dereocrats:ivere much delighted with it,
deeming it an unanswerable argumentin
favor of slavery as a Divine institution ;
and, as a consequence, against Republi
cans who .would prevent the extension
of such a God-established, God-ordained
system of labor into the free territories
of our Union ! Ido not formally review
the sermon, because few who read this
will probably see that ; but I believe
that I have met and answered the founda
lions on which the gentleman bases his
proofs and arguments—or, rather, have
shown that the foundation supports no
such structure as he has attempted to
rear up on it.
His test is Ist Timothy, vi 1-5,
with the expositions of DN. Barnes and
Macknight. And waiving the argument
to be derived from slavery among the
patriarchs, he rests it on Leviticus xxv
especially verses 44 to 46, which the
reader-will please turn to and read, and
thus save me room ; for I desire to be
brief as possible.
Mr. VadDyke regards this as a Divine
establishment of slavery—as proof that it
has the sanction and approval of God
himself. And lest the Old Testament
should not be received as sufficient au
thority for regarding slavery as a Divine
ly established and approved institution,
he refers to the fact, (as he calls it,) that
neither the aaviour nor his Apostles
ewer uttered "ono distinct and explicit
denunciation of slaveholcling," or "one
precept requiring the master to emanci
pate his slaves."
There is a grot deal of this ad captan
dum vulgus logic in the discourse, which
I do not deem it necessary to state or
review, as, if I can overturn the princi
ples, the conclusions fall, of course.
That God permits many sins and evils,
originated and upheld by men, (as sla
very, war,. polygamy, &c.,) is admitted.
That He employs and overrules these
evils for. wise and. benevolent purposes,
(and therefore regulates and restrains
them under certain conditions of society,
that they may produce these results,) is
also true. But this is not sanctioning
them—they are still regarded as evils,
by His moral government, and those who
commit them are dealt with accordingly.
Thus, trace war to its beginning, and it
has its origin in some evil passion of
covetousness and revenge which stamps
it sinful, while its work of ruin and suf
fering to innocent persons marks it as a
hideous evil. Yet every war is an in
strument ia. God's hand for some wise
purpose, and some good is effected by it
as its result. • But they who make and
wage it are not, therefore, the less sinful
and guilty. So with Slavery. Its be
ginning is the robbing a man of his right
I to himself—the greatest theft and rob
bery you on commit on him. Selling
him to another, cannot legalize the wrong
—stolen goods, howeveroftentransferred
by sale, are still stolen. And in slavery
the original robbery is continually aggra
vated by the daily, yearly; life-long
bery of wages for. enforced labors, and
the other outrages of brute force to keep
in subjection,, and the transmission of
the wrong to his descendants.
Did Abase§ establish and approve such
a system of accumulating wrong among
the Jews ? Ilad it the sanetioning , smile
of God ? No—it was a wrong, univer
sally prevalent, before lUoses—before
Abraham's day ; and it was only per
mitted ; and permitted only under great
and 'ameliorating restraints. To under
stand this clearly, we must look at Juda
ism itself. The entire system was merely
preparatory—therefore, incomplete and
defective in itself.. It was adapted to
that people, in that age, and under their
peculiar circumstances:.. It was merely
the servant who should conduct the
child unto the school of Christ, where
he would learn the duties of manhood.
Had it been perfect, it would not have
been abolished, to make way for the "bet
ter covenant which is established on
better promises." Hence it permitted
many things, under restraints which
would ultimately lessen, or abolish them
Take private revenge for an instance.
—The Jews, like the rest of the World,
then, (and to much of it, now t) were,
like our Inditins, prone to revenge and
oruelty. The slaying of a man in any
strife, or eve 4 accident. devolved on the
next of kin the duty of killing the slayer
as early as possible, under penalty of
public, life-long disgrace. Moses well
knew that this world-nurtured blood
thirstiness could not at once be rooted
out ; ; hence he restrained it. The "aven
ger of blood" was permitted to follow the
manslayer as• before ; but six "cities of
refuge" were provided, kite any of which
the homicide might flee, and the "blood
avenger" could not follow. ' Thus time
was gained for a fair trial and for passion
So with polygamy, or worse licentious
ness, and unlimited divorce, They were
universal—dreadfully prevalent among
the Jews. The hardness of their hearts
would, have defied absolute prohibition,
and poor, woman would have been the
greatest. suilerer., ,To save her and her
ofrspring,„t:he: evils Were so restrained
under wise regulations that they greatly
decrea'seid: 'Fbr that of divorco, see
Deut. xxiv, and Matt. xix : 3-10, and
Mark x : 2-12. '
Thus, also, with slavery. God did
not establish it—it was universally prev
alent. The Jests were slaves in Egypt,
and brought the desire for forced and
unpaid labor with thorn out of their
"house of bondage"—just as many of our
oppressed- Irish and Germans, on land
ing here, use their new powers for op
pression—vote to perpetuate slavery—
sigh for an "Alabama plantation and fat
negro slaves !" Moses did not see fit
to prohibit, utterly, this sinful desire, any
more than be prohibited polygamy, con
cubinage, divorce at will, or private re
venge. But, as in the case of those, he
placed this under rigid restraints, and
positive law. Between Jew and Jew
any servitude incurred could last only
seven years, (Exodus xxi 2-4,)—not 49
years as Mr. Van Dyke states. If the
servant. did not then choose to leave, it
was extended to the year of Jubilee,
never beyond that. Between Heathen
and Jew, it was made so much more hu
mane and easy than any slavery then
known, that it became desirable to the
slaves around Judea. The slave was to
be well fed and clad- 7 he was to be free
from excessive punishments and hard
ships—if injured in any member, even
the loss of a tooth, he could demand free
dom as a recompense-1e was exempted
from labor on all the sabbaths, festivals,
and other numerous holidays under the
law—he was to be regarded as one of
his master's family, and had easy access
to the proper tribunals for the redress of
any injury or grievance—and, if he em
braced Judaism, be could claim circum
cision, arid admission to the church, and
emancipation in six.' years, as any other
Jew. How different from, and superior
to, our American system of slavery
And in case a slave escaped from his
master, he was not to be returned into
bondage again. Deuteronomy xxiii
Thus, flied, was slavdry, restricted, re
strained and ameliorated, even under the
stern and imperfect Law disperis.a.tlon.
It was never approved; but was hedged
around 'as an vil .unwillingly allowed for
B season. No •Jew was commanded' to
hold slaves, as a duty; on commended
for holding them. It is never put on
the basis of the worship of .God, or mar
riage, or any divine institution, as Mr.
Van Dyke intimates. But it stands pre
cisely on the ground of polygaMy, en
limited divorce, and private revenge,
which were partially permitted, necause
of the barbarity aud, hard hearts of that
age and' people. And the sacred retard
just as much proves the divine institti
tion of polygamy, uoneuhinaze, unlimited
divorce, and revengeful killing for acci
dental manslayin,g, as it does the divine
approval of this, our yet remaining, "relic
of barbarism, Slavery." . "The times of
this ignorance God winked at ; but now,"
`under the Gospel dispensation, "com
mandeth all men, everYwhere, to repent,"
and reform these vile and degrading in
One important fact in connection with
the slavery supposed to be approved and
supported by the Bible, should never be
overlooked and forgotten. It was. not
merely African or negro slavery; but
white slavery—,the Slavery of persons of
all colors,.climes and nations-LofJeW to
Jew, of Greek to Greek, of 'Boman to
Roman, of Gaul to Gaul, and of any or
all these to the others, the world,clyer.
If God, then, (in or by the Bible) estab,
lished, ordained and approved slavery, it
was that of the white man to the negro
as well as tpatof the negro to the white I
Again—it was not only the slavery of
the rude and ignorant, " of the inferior
races to the, superior," (as some of our
professed Democrats (!) love to state it)
which they so warmly glorify as being
commanded by 4 -4.p.1 und supported by
Dollar a Yeari
the Bible!! It was the slavery of the un
fortunate of all classes and conditions of
society, who had been taken captives in
war, stolen by pirates, or been reduced
to unredeemable indebtedness by
fortune or accident. Hence any who
could pay for them, held poets, artists,
philosophers, professional men, mechan
ics of the highest skill, in this dreadful
boildage. Women of the highest rank,
greatest refinement, best education, most
accomplished, elegant, puye and noble
hearted, whom the chances of war, pow
er of lawless violence or changes of for
. tune, subjected to bondage, were thus
thrown into the brutal power of any who
coveted their possession—even as many
of the daughters of sla,veholders their
sons, as white as their masters and fa
thei's, are 71k frequently sold in our
Southern cities at enormous prices for
base licentious purposes`!
Shame on the Christian who will.pre
tend(or, believing it, exult ,in the fact !)
that the L'ible supports and adVocates
such afoul, polluting 'system of wrong
among men ! Shame on the man who
can charge on 'his God the eStablishment
and approval of such an institution of
wrong, from its first robbery down to its
last outrage ! And shame on any Amer
ican who can read our Declaration 'of
Independence. and profess to believe in
human equality and right—to call "him=
self Democrat or flepublidanwlio can
feel any admiration and delight in read
ing an argument designed to prove Slay.
ery of any kind just and right before God
or man !-- , LBut more on these subjects
before we close.
In my next, I will consider the plea
that Christ and his Apostles approved
or countenanced the Slavery of their day
—that they; at least, never condemned it.
A. B. G.
'MARTIN VAN BUREN'S OPINION OP'LIN
COLN At a late dinner party in New
York city, es-President Van Buren, re,
lated that in jisWestern tour, while
President, one Lincoln, a lawyer of some
local .repute, was chairman of. the recep
tion committee ;, and in their formal in
terview he was so much impressed with
him,that he Called.to his room afterwards
for more intimate discourse. He had
often thought of that interview and man,
and failing to hear of him inpublic life,he
had set it down that a:brilliant intellect
was lost to the world under the insatiate
leveling of the gigantic West. • Two
years ago, that man emerged, and was
heard of in a senatorial contest that
aroused the interests of the whole
country. To-day he was heard of again
as the President elect. And that mat
was' Abraham Lincoln, of Springfield,
111. Mr. Van Buren gave it es.his testi
mony, from the remeinberance -of more
than twenty years ago, that hewas " en
dowed with talents to adorn the station."
ECCENTRIC- , : Miss Mary. P. Town
send, daughter of the famous Dr. Town
send, died recently in Boston at the , age
of sixty-five years. She was reputed to
be worth $lOO,OOO, yet she was never
known to mingle in society or to receive
any other relatives at, her house since
the death of her sister, who also prefered
a single life to a married one. -The only
attendant which was ever permitted in
the. house was a woman. Since the
death of the Doctor, the carriage lime
has remained closed, with carriage and
harness just as he left them, and no one
was allowed to enter it. When Miss
Townsend was first taken ill, she'wesnd
vised to consult a physician, but she re
fueed and continued obdurate 'to the
last. Reith'er would she allow a single
person in her room whilst sick and dying,
except her female servant. Like her
sister, she is supposed to have left all
her wealth for charitable purposes.
(WA very pretty domestic comedy
was enacted in New Orleans a few days
since. , Mr. Ward, of Cincinnati, a well
to do grocer, lost his wife, and, after
much searching, found her at a boarding
house in New. Orleans, where she weds
abiding with her paramour, a former
clerk in Ward's store. While Mr. Ward
was waiting for his apparently repentant
wife to gather together her duds and re
turn home' with him, the couple actually
succeeded in eloping a second time; call
ing into requisition the zarriage in which
the injured , husband had come to the
boarding-house. Very wisely he con
eluded to pay her little board bill, for
Which the clerk strangely enough ne
glected to provide, and left for Cincinnati
a wiser and a little poor& man.
Commodore Platt died at •NeWburg,
New York, on the 12th of Detterriber:- .
lie was aid to Uommodor ALeDonimgli
la the tattle of Lake Champ]. On, in 1813.
Hox. E. D. BARmr. 'The new Sena
tor from Oregon, has serVeTtafo tends
.in Congress as a Whig; representative
from Illinois. Be was first the success
or of Mr. Lincoln from the Springfield
district, but resigned his place in order
to serve in the Mexican .war, sad after
another term removed to. Cal., where
he ran unsuccessfully as a candidate, for
Congress, on the Br,oderick ticket. He
subsequently moved to Oregon, which he
.now represents in. the •Senate. He was
for a long time distinguished• as an elo
quent advocate at the bar,. but hie repu
tation as an orator outside, of Illinois
and California is founded chiefly on his
widely-published oration at the fttneral
of his friend Broderick, one of the most
powerful and stirring obituary tributes
Mr. Baker is a tall, military looking
man, of large frame, with his head, Which
is partially bald, whitened with tile
snows of, perhaps fifty. years. He has a
high-keyed i distinct and pleasing 'Voice,
and enunciation betrays a careful and
correct culture. His gestures and style
of speaking are animated. His practice
before juries has rendered him entirely
self.possesed in, debate * and entirely
ready to undergo• the 'questioning. Pro
cess ,to which new senators are generally
subjected by. their associates. In fact
the more he is stirred the more he
. THE PALMETTO;7•The palmetto is .de ,
fined.as a cabbage tree, , It attains the
height of 40 or 50 feet, Ind is the tallest
of our palms. the summit is crowned
with a turf of leaves varying in length
and breadth from one to five feet, which
give it . a majestic appearance, Flowers
small, greenish, and disposed in long
clusters. Fruit about as large se a pea,
inesculent. :Wood: of no value except
for the construction of . wharves, In
short it is as nearly worthless as a tree
can well be. Its height, its "majesty"
and flaunting pride, have probably com=
mended it to thefaver of the chivalry.
IWPrince Albert, the consort to
Queen Victoria, who is Chancellor of the
University of Cambridge, gives annually
a gold medal for the encouragement of
English poetry, and the Vice Chancellor
has therefore announced that the prize
will be given this year to such,resident
undergraduate as shall compose the best
poem on "The Prince of Wales at the
Tomb of Washington." The exercises
are to' be sent to the Vice Chancellor on
or before March 31st, 1861, and are not
to exceed two hundred lines, in length.
a An agent on the. Hartford Carpet
Company was guilty of.a piece of care
lessness a slay or two since, which ought
to secure his discharge'. Whife-oa his
way to Thompsonville.he left in the care
a package of $lO,OOO with-which helad
teen entrusted to pay the operators.—
By means , of a fast horse he reached
Springfield ahead of the train, and sue
ceeded in recovering possession -of the
money, after having received a fright
which he will,not soon forget.
Cr Ono of the coldest nights last
week, a brute of a fellow in Goshen, la % ,
turned his wife out of bed, and drove her
out of doors bkrefdot, with no covering
but an old quilt wrapped around her,
with an leant child in her arms Her
cries soon broudlit, some yonnm men to
her assistance, who . battered doWn ihe
door, admitted the irife, and gave the_
husband a terrible thiashing
gar Au exciting' scene o'cctirredt
Tabb-street Presbyterian Chtifek'itt
Petersburg, Ye., on Fast Day. Rev.
Theodore Pryor, D. D., 'ef . Efigh-stAet
Church was invited to 'officiate at' the
former place of worship on that day.-I-
Daring the course of his remarks he gave
expression to , sentiments so ebnoxioui
to the officers of the church that silence
was commanded on him, and he was rel
quested to leave the
Gy - lu childhood ) . we chase butterflies;
in youth, fancies as gay and as ey4cm i o r
ral ; in manhood, golden schemes tkat
tarnish when obtained,; and in ,ge a
phantoms that, ever lure us on Aind,eyps
elude us, too. Happy , who so leaKriety
here from the nothingness of tliiislife,l4
looketh through its vapors to the rea
ties of the life which is to come !,
cir The School Committee' of.
buryport, Mass`., have paiiabtea resolntion
expressing disappabli*iti of the
custinn of the various ' altrus, -inakin6
presents to their respective Uctird:lis
tenaiiig to the di§advantitie or cha=
grin of many'of the`seholars. * -
Col. J. B. Y. Bisset, one of Clhieago'a
oldest citizens-, died on Friday last.