Newspaper Page Text
BY FR I'E L. BAKER.
The Mariettian is published weekly,
at $1:60 a-ytar, payable adVance.
Office in "Lindsay's Building," near
tie Post office corner, Ilinfletta, Lan
caster county, Pa..
tclvertisementswill be inserted vl the.'
following ratea:' `One Squareitenlines
or less, 75 cents for the first insertion,
or three times for $1:50. Profession
al or Business Cards, of six lines or less,
$5 a-year. Notices in the reading col
umns, ten cents a-line ; general advet%
gonads seven cents a-line for the first
insertion, and for every additional in
sertion, four cents. A liberal deduc
tion made to yearly advertisers.
Having put up a new Jobber press
and added a large addition of job type,
ruts, border, etc. will enable the estab
lishment to execute every description of
Plain and Fancy Printing, from the
smallest card to the largest poster, at
short notice and reasonable rates.
'When the morning beams are kindling
Along the orient sky,
And o'er the distance, sleeping, • '
The snowy vapors lie ;
How fresh the springing zephyr,
By frolic echo led, .
Comes flinging by the tear-drops
The weeping night bath shed.
Low murmurs from the valleys,
With wood notes from the dell,
Upon its silken pinions
In gentle music swell;
And waters leap and prattle
Throngh mossy banks along,
With liquid numbers joining
The new awakened song.
I love this dewy hour.
Its gladsome song of love,
The azure of its mountains
lilent with the sky above ;
The early 4owers blooming,
Burn with a brighter blush
Aid lucid waters flowing
With wilder cadent° gush.
Than groves, whose swaying branches
The wild harp sings between.
Seem in the mellow radiance
Arrayed in brighter green ;
And pours a richer frag/ance
From every budding spray,
And large wealth of honey
The w_ld bees bear away.
Oh ! then this •heart beats wilder,
And thquglits unhidden rise,
Assong-birds from the valleys,
That seek the far-off skies;
And hopes once fondly cherished,
With Feelings long repressed,
Come back, with music stealing,
As light winds from the west.
For 27se Mar/en/an
lee-water versus Fire-water,
When cur late martyred President
wits preparing to entertain the commit
tee, about to be sett from the Chicago
Convention to inform him officially of
his nomination to the office of chief ma
gistrate, some friends offered to furnish
him some choice Kline for the occasion.
Ile politely declined the offer, adding,
good humoredly but decidedly : " I shall
treat my friends to some delicious ice
water." The incident speaks for itself.
It speaks volume in praise of him , whom
our nation will ever " delight to honor."
We have likewise understood that oar
present Governor has recently taken a
similar stand in relation to the use of
liquors at his entertainments.
0 that all our Presidents and the
Governors of all our states might imi•
tate so notable examples as these to
which we have referred. It' would do
much to prevent us from becoming a
nation of drunkards.
But we began with ice-water suggested
I suppose, by a very refreshing draught
of it a short time since. And then we'
thought how mach more suitable for the
season and invigorating to the exhaust
ed system is such a cup then the bowls
of " fire-water" that are being quaffed
80 constantly all over our land, whether
the weather is wet or dry, hot or cold!
When it is cold men take" fire-water"
to make them warm, when it is hot they
driok down the same fiery element to
make them hotter—yes, hot, hotter, hot
test. Well it does look rather incon
sistent. I suppose dram drinkers can
NV ould'at it be a good idea for -them
to try the opposite course, arid drink ice•
water instead of fire water this summer.
It tastes betty ,tome at ,least. It is
more refreshing and strengthening. It
is nature's provision. It was "Adam's
ale " and I rather think it quadruple X.
It is cheaper—vastly cheaper. It leaves
the head clearer, the nerves stronger,
the step firmer, the wife happier, the
children merrier, the pocket heavier,
the heart lighter and the soul brighter
Oh my dear fellow man, I know that
ll you will but try it one whole summer
You will not want the "fire-water" nest
ad I . - +
The Onion Pacific Railroad froin
What has been done, and when •
will be finished.
No great enterprise was ever begun
about which so little has been said and
so much has been done. The public
have a vague idea that a railroad is be
ing built from somewhere in the East to
somewhere in a farther West than a
rail track has ever before been laid ; but
where it begins, of what route it follows,
or where it is to end, we venture to as
sert, not one in a thousand can tell:
For a dozen years we have heard that
a great Pacific Railroad was to as built,
and a dozen names, and a dozen compan
ies, and a dozen routes—from the south
ern boundary of Texas to the northern
boundary of Lake Superior—haVe been
urged upon Congress as the greatest and
best means for uniting the Atlantic and
Pacific shores. Bubble after bubble was
blown, and each burst in turn when
touched by the sharp point of practical
The absolute necessity for a Pacific
Railroad to retain and bind more close•
ly together the eastern and western ex-
tremes of the continent in one great
United and Pacific country, the immense
cost of government transportation to its
frontier and Rocky Mountain posts, and
the even greater coat of Indian wars, in
a region that nothing but a railway could
civilize, and nothing but civilization
could pacify,—the great - importance of
opening a road to the rich gold and sil
ver mines of the Rocky and Sierra Neva
da Mountains, so that the way to the
resumption of specie payments might be
made shorter and easier,—all thesepru
dential reasons finally pressed with such
weight upon Congress, that it determin:
ed thathe road should be made. There
were, indeed, many others ; two thous
and miles of additional territory would
be opened for settlement; vast bodies
of land now valueless would be made
productive ; the tide of business and
travel that now winds a tedious and
dangerous way along the borders of two
oceans, would be increased ten fold ; and
how would the fathers in the East strike
hands with their sons and daughters at
the Golden Gate, if they_conld only be
borne on the wings of the locomotive.
The imperative need of the work was
admitted, but it was too vast for indi
vidual euterptise to attempt. No com
bination of private capitalists was will
ing to risk a hundred million dollars in
the construction of 2,000 mites of rail.,
road through a wilderness. As the un
dertaking was strictly national, so na
-power less than that of the nation was
sufficient to accomplish it; and large as
the cost necessarily would be, the ex
penditure would save a much greater
coat to the country.* But the Govern
ment did not wish to enter upon any
new system of internal improvements on
its own account; and its only alternative
was to grant its aid in the most careful
manner to such responsible individuals
of suitable character and energy as
might be willing to risk a portion of
their private meant in the construction
of the road.
THE COMPANY'S ULIARTER AND ROUTE
This charter was granted an perfected
by various acts of Congress, and the
Company comprises men of the highest
reputation for integrity, wealth, and
business experience. Among the officers
are General John A. Dix, President,
Thomas C. Durant, Vice-P: esident, and
Hon. John J. Cisco, late Assistant
Treasurer of the U. S., Treasurer.
The Capital authorized by the Charter
is One Hundred Million Dollars, of
which it is estimated that not exceeding
Twenty-Five Millions will be required,
and of which Five Millions have already
been paid in.
Surveying parties were at once pushed
out in various directions across the,con
tinent to find and locate the best avail
able line between the Missouri River
and the Pacific Ocean. This was estab
lished at Omaha, in Nebraska, on the
east, and will finally be at San Francisco,
is California, on the west—a distance of
nearly 1,900 miles. The Chicagn,and
North Western Railroad is now -com
pleted from Chicago to Omaha, a dis
tance of 492 miles ; and several other
roads are rapidly building to unite with
the Union Pacific at the same point ;
so that its eastern connections will be
numerous and complete.
The general line of the road from
• It has been proved, already, that the en
tire interest , en the fifty millions in bonds ad
vanced by the Government will be saved
more than twice over in the consequent dimi
nution of Government expenses in the regions
l'artgenbtut Vonsibania e x for ikt Nom Cult,
MARIETTA, PA., SATURDAY JUNE 8, 1867.
Omaha is west up the Valley of the
Great Platte, and thence across the
plains a distance of 517 miles, to. the
Black Hills, or easterly epur of the Rocky
Mountains. Col. Seymour, the consult
ing engineer, reports that the grade is
much more favorable than was .anticipa
ted—the maximum to the Rocky
Mountains not exceeding 30 feet
to the mile, and from that point to the
summit, or divide of the continent, it
will not exceed 80 feet to the mile.
From the Rocky Mountains, the best
practicable route will be taken to Great
Salt Lake City, and thence by the Val
bey of the Humboldt River to the east-
Sim base of the Sierra Nevada Moun
tains. The Central Pacific Railroad is
now being rapidly built east from Sac
ramento, Cal., and is already completed
about 100 miles, and will connect with
the Union Pacific.
WHAT HAS BEEN DDNE AND ITS COST.
As we remarked before, there has been
very little talk and - a great deal of work.
Almost before the public were aware, it
had been begun. On the first of Janu
ary, 1867, the Union Pacific! Railroad
was finished for 305 miles west from,om-
aha, and fully equipped with Locomo
lives, Rolling Stock, Repair . Shop, De
pots, Stations, &o.,—and the Company
have on•hand Iron, Ties, ant other. ma
erials, sufficient to finish the 'road to
he Rocky Mountains, or 517 miles from
Omaha, by the first of September, 186'7.
It is expected that the whole line
brongh to California will be completed
The first 305 milbe were graded,
bridged and ironed, with a heavy T-rail,
and supplied with suitable Depots, Re
pair Shope, Stations, Locomotives, Cars
and all the necessary appurtenances of a
first class road, for $50,000 per mile,
and it is believed that. the remaining
portion will not increase the average
cost to more than $66,000 per mile, ex
elusive of equipment&
MEANS FOR tONSTEIJCTION.
When the •Government determined
that the road must be built, it also de
termined to make the most ample pro 7
vision to render its speedy construction
beyond a doubt.
lst. —Tax GRANT OF, MONEY.—The
Go• erument issues to the Company its
Six Per Cent., Thirty Year Bonds at
the rate of $16,000 per mile for the
whale road, and, in addition, for 150
miles across the Rocky Mountains this
grant is trebled, making it $48,000 per
mile ; and from the termination of this
section to the California line ( about
898 miles ), the grant is doubled, mak
ing $32,000 per mile,—the whole amount
being $44,208.000. These bonds are is
sued by the Government only on the
completion of each section of twenty
miles, and after the Commissioners ap
pointed by the President of the United
States have certified that it is thorough-
ly built and supplied with all the ma•
chinery drc., of a first-class railroad.
The interest on these bonds is paid by
the 11. S. Treasury, and the Government
retains, as a sinking fund to be applied
to repayment of principal and interest,
one-half the regular charges made . for
transportation by the Company against
it. These bonds, which are a second
mortgage, are not due for thirty years,
and it is not improbable that the valve
of the services' to be rendered to the
Government during that period will con
stitute a sinking fond sufficient for their
redemption at maturity.
2d-Tam Frasr MORTGAGE BONDS .--•
The Government permits the Company
to issue its own Mortgage Bonds at the
same time, and on the same terms, and
for the same amount, and by special act
of Congress these bonds of the Company
are made a First Mortgage on the entire
line and property of the road, the Gov
ernment bonds being subordinate. The
amount of these Donde to be issued by
the Company is limited to an amount
equal to those issued by the Government,
to aid in the construction of the road.
3d.—THE LAND Garam—While this
is certainly munificent, at the same time
it is most advaaageous to the Govern
ment, for -without it, all its own lands
would remain almost worthless. It is a
donation of every alternate section for
20 miles on each side of the road, or
12,800 acres per mile, and amounts to
-20,032,000 acres, assuming the distance
from Omaha to the California State line
to be 1,565 miles, Much of this land,
especially in the Valley of the Great
Platte, is a rich alluvium, and is consid
ered equal to any in the world for agri
cultural purporses., Hon. E. D. Mans
field, the learned Commissioner of.
Statistics for the State of Ohio, estimates
that at least 9,400,00 acres will be avail-
length of time, and-that it is far within
bounds to estimate this entire grant. at
$1.50 per acre, or $30,000,000. The Il
linois Central has realized more than
four times this sum for a similar grant.
RECAPITULATION OF MEANS FOR 1,565 MILES.
11. S. Bonds, edualto money, $44,208,000
First ktortgage Bonds, 44,208,000
Land-grant, 20,032,000 acres,
equal to a cost of nearly $76,000 per
mile, which is believed to be a liberal
estimate. This does not take into the
account the,value of the right of way
and material, the stock subscription al
ready paid in or to be paid in the future,
or the present discount at which - the
bonds are offered, as they are expected
soon to be at par.
The interest on the bonds is more than
provided for by the net earnings of the
Various sections of the road, as they are
completed. On the 305 miles on which
the cars are now running west from
Omaha, the receipts for the first two
*reeks in May were $113,000 ; and an
the road is extended towards the great
mining centres, the business in freight
and passengers . constantly increases—
and as there can be no competition from
rival roads, the Company has fall power
to charge remunerative pticea
PROSPECTS FOIL FUTURE BUSINESS.
It needs no argument to show that the
traffic of the only railroad connecting
the Atlantic and the Pacific, and past
ing through the great mining region,
mast be immense.
Although our annual product of the
precious metals is now officially estimat
ed at 8100 3 000,000 per annum, a vastly
greater sum will be obtained as soon as
the Union Pacific Rajiv:tad opens the
Way to the golden regions of the Rocky
Mountains. Now, the difficulties and
cost of communication are so great, that
none but the very richest veins can be
worked but with cheap transportation,
hundreds of thontands of hardy millers
will successfully develop other mines
that, with less costly working, will be
even more profitable than the average?
of those now in operation ; and the bu
siness of this constantly imposing
mining interest must pass over this
The records of our shipping offices
show that not less than 50,000 passengers
now annually travel by sea between the
Atlantic ports 'and San Francisco ; and
these reckoned at $l5O each (about one
half the steamer ptice) Would produce
revenue of $7,500,000.
The overland travel is even greater.
In a single year, tafenty-seeen thousand
teens, comprising a vast number of em
igrants and travelers, departed from two
points only on the Missouri River on
their westward journey. If the truth of
this statement was not familiar to all
frontier's-men, it might well be question,
Put, estirnating the overland through
travel at the same figures as that by
steamer, and we have $15;000,000 as the
minimum estimate on the same number
of passengers. But the facilities for
cheap and rapid transit furnished by
railroad always vastly increases the
amount of travel with the same popula
tion. The difference between the nnm•
bers who would take an ocean steamer
or a prairie wagon and a modern palace
car,,with its luxurious state-rooms, where
the traveler eats and sleeps almost as
comfortably as at home, may be as great
as the difference between the number
who were jolted over the mountains in
an'old-fashioned stage-coach and those
in an express train between any two
great cities. Then, is it not safe to say
that' this through travel Will at once be
doubled on the completion of the- road
in 1870, and, with the rapid increase of
Pacific Coast.population in the next few
years, more than quadrupled ? Is it at
all extravagant to assert that the through
passenger business during the first year
after 'the first train of cars runs from
Omaha in Nebraska to Sacramento,
will'he worth twenty-fiye millions dol
lars ? When to this we add'half as mach
more for its way passenger husiness, and
more than as much more than both for
its freights; expresses and mails, etc.,
are there not the best reasons in the
-world for believing that' the Union Pa
cific Railroad will'be one of the most
profitable as well as one of the grandest"
works of modern times ?
THE SECURITY AND VALUE OF ITS BONDS.
We have made these calculations that
the public may have some brief data of
facts from whipb txo.corm their estimate
of the value of the Union Pacific Baal
The price o freight by teams from the
Missouri River VMS formerly twenty-five
road Compaq's First Mortgage Bonds.
Besides; meh of the greatest railroad
experiente in the country hate showli
theft confidence lathe stock by liberal
eubectiptioes, and this stock mist be
subordinate to all other claims. But
there are stronger proofs of the security
and value of the First Mortgage Bonds
than any we have named t
1. That for the safety of the conntty ,
as well as national economy the road is
2, That by an investment of about
fifty millions in a Second Mortgage :on
the road, the Government ptattitally
guarantees the principal andintetest on
the first Mortgage.
The Company now offer a limited
amount of its First Mortgage Bonds,
bearing sit per cent. interest, payable
semi-annually-in coin, at ninety per cent.
This interest, at the .current rate of pre ,
mium on gold is equal to nine per tent.
per annum on the price for which" they
are now offered. The Company expects
to sell but a small amount at this rate v
when the price will be raided, and like
all similar bonds they will finally rise to
a premium above their par value. The
sabscribers to this loan will not only
have the advantage of very liberal - inter.
est and safe security, but will also have
the satisfatbtion of having assisted in the
construction of the greatest national
work of the country. -
PAST YOUNG LADIES.—In order to be
a fast young lady, it is necessary tc. lay
aside all reserve and refinement--every
thing that savors of womanly Weakness;
to have no troublesome sleighs, but to
be ready'to actOrd an gretiatiag and%
to the brottaest joke. There In'ust be
ho fbeling of dependence on the attempt
sex ; but by adopting, as far as decency
percale, inisaline attire, masculine
habits, and masculine modes 'ef eapres
alma accompanied by a thorough knowl
edge of slang, and a fluency in using it,
theee ladies show themselves to be above
all narrow-minded prejudices. There
must be no thinkin* aboutOth - er peo'ple's
feelings *; if people will be thin skinned.,
let them keep out or their Way at .all
events. Should "Mainma" raise her
voice in a feeble remonstrance, the fast
young lady impresses upon her that, "she
is nojidge of these matters. In her old
school-days, eVerything and every one
were slow, but it is quite changed now.?
In short, to be a fast , young lady, modes
ty, delitany, refinement, respect for su
periors, consideration for the aged, mast
all be set aside ; and boldness, indepen
ante; irreverence, brusqueness and, we
fear, too often, heartlessnest, meet take
,Oar At the battle of Kingston
Junior Reserves (made up of the lads of
+eighteen) were sent to force_ the croesing
of Southwest Creek and drite the enemy
away, to make good the passage of other
troops. This they did very handsomely,
but encountering a severe fire,-a portion
Of one regiment sought a safer place.
As they were streaming to the rear, they
met the Alabama boys and were greeted
with shouts of langhter. A general oE
cer, in no laughing mood at the behavior,
I took steps to stop the disorder, and with
his own hands seized one of the fugitives.
General, "What are you running 'for?"
Junior, "Oh, General, the Vciiketis were
shooting at us I" General, "Why didn't
you shoot back again? Ain't you
ashamed of yourself? Yon are crying
like a baby." Junior, (blubbering,) "I
wish I tons a baby. Oh, I wish I was
a gal baby I"
Or There is no one thing which helps
to establish a man's character : and stand
ing in society mote than a steady attend
ante at church, and a proper regard for
the first day of the week. Every head
of a family should,go to church as an
example. Lounging op the, streets and
in bar-rooms on. the Sabbath, is ,an
abomination, and , deserves censure; be
cause it lays. the foundation of habits
which ruin both body and soul. Many
a man can date the commencement of
hie dissipation which made him a btrrden•
to himself and Lis.friends, and an object
of pity in the sight: of his enemies, to
his Sunday debanciery. IdlenesS is the
mother of drunkenness.
A,. good anecdote is told of a
house painter's son, who used the brush,
dexterously, but had acquired the .habi t
of putting it on too thick. Ono day his
father, after having frequently, ccolded
him for lavish daubing, and all to no;
purpose pve him a severe flagellation.
"There;' you young rascal," after
forming the painful duty, "how do you
like that ?" " Well; I don't know,"
whined-the boy, in reply, " but it seems
.tffintirfou put it ou , a thunderin' eight
A jewel of an uncle—a carb-uncle
Wheo Is a blow from a lady welcome ?
ViT hen she strikes you agreeably.
A girl that has lost her beau may as
well hang up het fiddle.
Admit nn guest into your mita that
he faithful smith dog in your bosom
Why flogs t potion who is s ickly lose
much of his sense of touch ? Because
he dotet, feet welt.
Snooks says the reason he does hot
get married is, - that his house is not large
enough to Contain the consequences.
Why is Gilliott accountable for much
dishonesty . ? Because he makes the peo
ple steel pens ; and`says they do write.
Why is a loafer like a Weathercock ?
because he is constantly going round
A gentleman asked a friend if he ever
ea* a cat-fish.
"No," was the response,
seer► a rope walk."
Ladies are like watches—pretty
enonghto look at - =sweet fames and del--
leite hatide--but somewhat difficult to
till:ante when once set "agoing."
The braih and the stomach seems - to
be in opposition to each other; when
the tatter is empty the former is most
What is the diterenee between
pothli 'oT meat and a drummer boy I
Otte Weight p'ound Ikhd the other
Smiths, 'a' all the habodioraft men, are
the most itregalar; for they never
think themselves better employed than
when they ate at thet vices.
A Scotchman asked an irishinen;
Why were half farthings coined' in
England V' Pat's answer was, ' I 2To
give Scotohmen an opportunity oi'stib
scribing to charitable instittitiont."
it is a good thing to have utility and
beauty 'combined, as the• poor washer
woman said when she used her thirteen
children for 'clothespins.
A Carib being talked if he remembered
a certain benevolent Missionary, calmly
reptledy "He Was a good man. Me eat
par of him."
onglas Jerrold calls woman's arrosi
The serpents that wind about a men's
neck killing his best resolutions." The
"oldest inhabitant" says ho don't tobje7
to them kind o' serpents.
, The sweetest word in our language is
loVe. The greatest Word God. The
word expressing the shortest time now.
The three make the greatest and sweet
at duty man can perform.
A pert little girl boasted to cite of
-her young friends that " her father kept
a carriage." To whith the other girl
triumphantly replied, "Ah I but my fa
ther drives an omnibus."
Wilson, the celebrated vocalist, was
%nisei one day in his Carriage, near to
Edinburgh. A Scotch paper, after re
cording the accident, adds, "We are
bawl) , t' state that he was able to appear
the ollowing evening in three pieces."
A darkly preacher was telling how
Adam was the first man created, and put
up against the fence to dry. An older
brother, who sometimes had lucid ideas,
interrupted him and said i "If dat is true.
who made de fence 2" This was a poser.
A great tippy having stopped at a
taverh oils day, the landlord of which
Aas remarkable for telling a good story,
stept up 'to him and said, "Landlord, I
hear that you tell a good story; come
now, give=ns ohe of the awfniest lies you
ever heard." The landlord making a
very polite bow, said I "Sir, you are a
"Will you give Me theta pennies now?"
Said a big newsboy to a little one after
giving him a severe thtimping. "No, I
won't," rejoined the little one. "Then
I'll give you another - pounding." "Pound
away I Me and Dr. Franklin agrees.
Dr. Franklin says': 'Take care of the
pence and the pounds will take care of
A THIEVISH BIBLE.-A. contemporary
says : "A. man named has just been
sentenced to three, years term in the
. Penitentiary, for stealing a
, watch find coat." No doubt many a thief
has stolen a Bible, but it rarely happens
that a Bible turns thief; although one
may be found in ,nearly every prison.
onA Frenchman who bad been in
India speaking of tiger hunts pleasantly
remarlie, Viremze Frenchman hunts ze
.l ze sports is grand, magnifi.
que ? but when ze tiger hunts ze French
m , rt qre is ze devil to pay."
"but I have